CN206153160U - Grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class - Google Patents

Grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN206153160U
CN206153160U CN201621066240.2U CN201621066240U CN206153160U CN 206153160 U CN206153160 U CN 206153160U CN 201621066240 U CN201621066240 U CN 201621066240U CN 206153160 U CN206153160 U CN 206153160U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
agricultural
spherical agricultural
chain
conveying
driving lever
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621066240.2U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏萱
何金成
叶大鹏
郑书河
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Original Assignee
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University filed Critical Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Priority to CN201621066240.2U priority Critical patent/CN206153160U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206153160U publication Critical patent/CN206153160U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class, including a frame, set up the conveying mechanism that is used for the spherical agricultural product of transverse transmission class in the frame, set up the rolling mechanism who is used for the automatic upset of drive type spherical agricultural product on conveying mechanism and set up in the conveying mechanism side and lie in the hierarchical mechanism at rolling mechanism rear, conveying mechanism's top still is equipped with one and is used for carrying out the infrared photoelectric sensor that counts to the spherical agricultural product of class, the rolling mechanism top is equipped with an image acquisition mechanism that is used for gathering type spherical agricultural product external information. The utility model has the advantages of through nondestructive test promptly through behind the image acquisition, carry out image processing assay, judge the quality of type spherical agricultural product, can not lead to the fact destruction to the spherical agricultural product of class, can set up different quality grade passageways at hierarchical mechanism side, be applicable to the nondestructive test of type spherical agricultural product such as egg, apple, persimmon, pears, peach, oranges and tangerines and hierarchical.

Description

A kind of spherical agricultural product convey grading plant
Technical field
The utility model is related to quality of agricultural product technical field of nondestructive testing, more particularly to a kind of spherical agricultural product conveying Grading plant.
Background technology
Quality of agricultural product is a key factor for affecting its consumption price, and nothing is carried out to its quality after agricultural product are harvested Damage detection and be to ensure that the important step that the agricultural product of good quality can come into the market.The agricultural product mixed selling of different qualities, Total quality is reduced, or even is regarded as low-quality Influence on Agricultural Products sale, so as to cause economic loss, therefore to agricultural product Quality height carries out sorting inevitable demand.
Carry out differentiating that classification can to carrying out quality of agricultural product using automatic-grading device in agricultural product harvest sort process Efficiency is improved to use manpower and material resources sparingly, the sale or processing beneficial to the later stage is used, so as to improve agricultural product production and sales working The profit of person.At present, the quality of agricultural product classification Dynamic Non-Destruction Measurement and level of China are still relatively backward, more lack corresponding business Product processing equipment.Therefore, develop the research and development of quality of agricultural product classification equipment, for the market demand is met, improve agricultural product pin Sell and grower's income has very big significance.
With the progress of technology, farm products area technology is increasingly advanced, gradually to intelligent development.Quality of agricultural product exists Line is conveyed mainly includes conveying device and graded executing mechanism device with classifying equipoment.How in the same of the conveying for realizing agricultural product Shi Gaoxiao realizes that quality of agricultural product classification is the design difficulty of online conveying and classifying equipoment.Machine vision is a kind of important nothing Detection method is damaged, it can overcome the drawbacks of lacking objectivity and accuracy when being evaluated by the sense organ of people, existing research Show that the technology can realize agricultural product inside quality Non-Destructive Testing, can be applicable to quality of agricultural product classification.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for above weak point, there is provided a kind of spherical agricultural product conveying classification dress Put, realize automatic Non-Destructive Testing and classification, improve operating efficiency.
The utility model solves the scheme that adopted of technical problem:A kind of spherical agricultural product convey grading plant, bag A frame is included, is arranged in frame and is used for the conveying mechanism of the spherical agricultural product of lateral transport, is arranged on conveying mechanism and is used for Drive the rolling mechanism of spherical agricultural product automatic turning and be arranged at conveying mechanism side and dividing positioned at rolling mechanism rear Level mechanism;The top top of the conveying mechanism is additionally provided with an infrared photoelectric sensing for being counted to spherical agricultural product Device, the rolling mechanism top is provided with one to be used to gather the image acquisition mechanism of spherical agricultural product external information.
Further, the conveying mechanism includes that one rotates respectively driven shaft and the active for being arranged at frame or so two ends Axle, the V of driving shaft Jing mono- bands and motor connection;The driven shaft and driving shaft are arranged with respectively driven sprocket and drive chain Wheel, is arranged with a chain on the driven sprocket and drive sprocket, be fixed with some chain connecting plates on the chain at equal intervals, each Chain connecting plate is respectively equipped with one to be used to place the roller pallet of agricultural product.
Further, impression roller of the roller pallet by a rotating bar and turning set in rotating bar is constituted, institute State rotating bar to be fixed on the chain connecting plate.
Further, the rolling mechanism includes the friction belt being arranged between chain connecting plate and roller pallet, the friction Band is fixed on the chain connecting plate, and is fitted with the roller tray bottom, and described image collecting mechanism is arranged including one Support, the image capture module being arranged on collection support, the collection support and the machine are gathered above roller pallet Frame is fixedly connected.
Further, the classification mechanism is respectively arranged at driving lever between two adjacent rollers pallets including several, if The individual driving lever support for supporting each driving lever respectively is done, and more than one is arranged at intervals at chain according to grade separation result Side is used for the pin for driving driving lever to overturn;The driving lever support is L-shaped, is made up of horizontal part and vertical component effect, the horizontal part It is fixed on chain connecting plate, the bearing pin of top one of the driving lever rotates the top for being arranged at vertical component effect, and the top of the driving lever End is outwards horizontal-extending to be provided with a cross bar.
Further, the connecting rods of each pin Jing mono- are connected with the output shaft of a stepper motor, the output shaft of stepper motor with One end of connecting rod is fixedly connected, and the other end of connecting rod is fixedly connected the pin, and the pin is L-shaped and lateral inclination is arranged at Interlinking lever end.Further, one end of each pin is extended at the cross bar of correspondence driving lever, the other end difference connecting rods of Jing mono- and The output shaft of stepper motor is connected.
Further, the stepper motor, infrared photoelectric sensor, image capture module and stepper motor with a master control Molding block is electrically connected.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following beneficial effect:Carried out by roller pallet placement agricultural product defeated Send, the friction belt of Jing rotating mechanisms carries out rotation in course of conveying so that the agricultural product on roller pallet are overturn, Now image capture module is gathered the external information of spherical agricultural product comprehensively, and by exterior terminal or main control The image processing module that module is carried is analyzed process to the image for gathering, and judges whether the quality of the agricultural product is qualified, if It is qualified, grade separation is carried out to qualified spherical agricultural product, continues to be sent at classification mechanism, according to grade separation structure Qualified spherical agricultural product are delivered on classification mechanism at corresponding driving lever, classification recovery is carried out by driving lever;And do not conform to The spherical agricultural product of lattice are then delivered to automatic blanking after mechanism end, are rejected.The utility model is by Non-Destructive Testing After IMAQ, image processing and analyzing is carried out, judge the quality of agricultural product, agricultural product will not be damaged, Ke Yi Classification mechanism side arranges different quality grade passages, it is adaptable to the spherical agricultural product such as egg, apple, persimmon, pears, peach, oranges and tangerines Non-Destructive Testing and classification.
Description of the drawings
The utility model patent is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the conveying grading plant of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the side view of the conveying grading plant of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the roller pallet of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the classification mechanism of the utility model embodiment.
In figure:1- frames;2- conveying mechanisms;20- motors;21-V bands;22- driving shafts;23- drive sprockets;24- is driven Axle;25- driven sprockets;26- chains;27- roller pallets;270- rotary shafts;271- impression rollers;28- chain connecting plates;3- roller presses Structure;30- friction belts;4- classification mechanisms;40- driving levers;41- driving lever supports;42- pins;43- connecting rods;44- stepper motors.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
As shown in figures 1-4, a kind of spherical agricultural product conveying grading plant of the present embodiment, including a frame 1, setting It is used for the conveying mechanism 2 of the spherical agricultural product of lateral transport in frame 1, is arranged on conveying mechanism for driving spherical agriculture The rolling mechanism 3 of product automatic turning and it is arranged at the side of conveying mechanism 2 and positioned at the classification mechanism 4 at the rear of rolling mechanism 3;Institute The top top for stating conveying mechanism 2 is additionally provided with an infrared photoelectric sensor for being counted to spherical agricultural product, described The top of rolling mechanism 3 is provided with one to be used to gather the image acquisition mechanism of spherical agricultural product external information.
From the foregoing, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:The utility model passes through image by Non-Destructive Testing After collection, image processing and analyzing is carried out, judge the quality of agricultural product, agricultural product will not be damaged, if spherical agricultural production Product quality is qualified, then continue to be sent to behind conveying mechanism end and be collected, and is otherwise rejected after classification mechanism, can be with Different quality grade passages are set in the side of classification mechanism 4, it is adaptable to the spherical agricultural production such as egg, apple, persimmon, pears, peach, oranges and tangerines The Non-Destructive Testing and classification of product, the rolling mechanism 3 and classification mechanism 4 set gradually along the conveying direction of conveying mechanism 2, classification Mechanism 4 is arranged at the rear of rolling mechanism 3, first to be classified Jing after rolling mechanism 3 carries out IMAQ.
In the present embodiment, the conveying mechanism 2 includes that one rotates respectively the driven shaft 24 for being arranged at the two ends of frame 1 or so With driving shaft 22, the V of 22 Jing of the driving shaft mono- bands 21 are connected with motor 20;The driven shaft 24 and driving shaft 22 are arranged with respectively A chain 26, the chain 26 are arranged with driven sprocket 25 and drive sprocket 23, the driven sprocket 25 and drive sprocket 23 On be fixed with some chain connecting plates 28 at equal intervals, each chain connecting plate 28 is respectively equipped with one for placing the roller pallet 27 of agricultural product.
Driving shaft 22 is driven by motor 20, driving shaft 22 drives the drive chain 26 of drive sprocket 23 to move, so as to drive Driven shaft 24, driven sprocket 25 are rotated, and realize the conveying of agricultural product, and the motor 20 is also associated with one speed reducer, it is ensured that agricultural production Agricultural product are not damaged by the transmission speed of product.
In the present embodiment, spill of the roller pallet 27 by a rotating bar 270 and turning set in rotating bar 270 Cylinder 271 is constituted, and the rotating bar 270 is fixed on the chain connecting plate 28.The middle concave of the impression roller 271, it is curved recessed Channel-shaped, is easy to place spherical agricultural product, and impression roller 271 is rotated and is arranged in rotating bar 270, by friction belt 30 be into Row rotation, so as to the agricultural product being positioned on impression roller 271 are rolled, is easy to image capture module to be acquired.
In the present embodiment, the rolling mechanism 3 includes the friction belt being arranged between chain connecting plate 28 and roller pallet 27 30, the friction belt 30 is fixed on the chain connecting plate 28, and is fitted with the bottom of roller pallet 27, and described image is adopted Collecting mechanism includes a collection support for being arranged at the top of roller pallet 27, the image capture module being arranged on collection support, institute State collection support to be fixedly connected with the frame 1.Described image acquisition module is an industrial camera, is clapped by industrial camera The image information of agricultural product is taken the photograph, carrying out the image processing module outside main control module connection carries out Treatment Analysis, draws agricultural production Whether the quality of product is qualified.
In the present embodiment, the classification mechanism 4 is respectively arranged between two adjacent rollers pallets 27 including several Driving lever 40, several driving lever supports 41 for supporting each driving lever respectively, and more than one is according between grade separation result It is used to drive the pin 42 of the upset of driving lever 40 every the side of chain 26 is arranged at;The driving lever support 41 is L-shaped, by horizontal part and hang down Straight portion's composition, the horizontal part is fixed on chain connecting plate 28, and the bearing pin of top one of the driving lever 40 is rotated and is arranged at vertical component effect Top, and the top of the driving lever 40 is outwards horizontal-extending is provided with a cross bar.As described in Figure 4, the output of stepper motor 44 Axle is fixedly connected with one end of connecting rod 43, and the other end of connecting rod 43 is fixedly connected the pin 42, and the pin 42 is L-shaped and horizontal stroke To the end of connecting rod 43 is arranged at, during the output shaft rotation of stepper motor, pin 42 is driven to rotate from bottom to top and be placed with The beam contact of the two ends driving lever 40 of roller pallet 27 of the qualified spherical agricultural product of recovery to be fractionated, drives 40 turns of driving lever Dynamic, so as to drive roller pallet 27 to turn over, the spherical agricultural product on roller pallet 27 drop down onto corresponding accumulator tank Interior, the accumulator tank is elastic material;After completing the recovery of the spherical agricultural product, Driving Stepping Motor is rotated backward, driving lever Roller pallet 27 is driven to recover to initial position.Jing conveying mechanisms are delivered to conveying mechanism between underproof spherical agricultural product End automatic blanking, so as to reject underproof spherical agricultural product.The original state of driving lever 40 is under self gravitation effect, Naturally droop and abut against on driving lever support 41, just spherical agricultural product are limited in roller pallet by convex portion, and dial Bar is located at the lower section of spherical agricultural product.
In the present embodiment, the vertical component effect medial surface of the driving lever support 41 is additionally provided with an outwardly convex for supporting driving lever 40 convex portion.Driving lever 40 is held up at an angle by convex portion, spherical agricultural product are limited in roller pallet, and not shadow The conveying of the spherical agricultural product of sound.
In the present embodiment, the connecting rods 43 of 42 Jing of each pin mono- are connected with the output shaft of a stepper motor 44, stepper motor 44 output shaft is fixedly connected with one end of connecting rod 43, and the other end of connecting rod 43 is fixedly connected the pin 42, the pin 42 L-shaped and lateral inclination is arranged at the end of connecting rod 13.The number of driving lever is corresponding with the number of grade separation result, treats qualified After spherical agricultural product are delivered at corresponding driving lever, 44 through connecting rod of Driving Stepping Motor 43 drives pin 42 to rotate so that gear Bar 42 is contacted with the cross bar at the two ends of roller pallet 27, realizes that pin drives the spherical agricultural product upset on roller pallet, Reclaimed.
In the present embodiment, the motor 20, infrared photoelectric sensor, image capture module and stepper motor 44 are with one Main control module is electrically connected.Carry out counting agricultural product by infrared photoelectric sensor, by the transmission speed according to chain 26 Degree is positioned;The IMAQ of agricultural product is carried out by image capture module, is judged by external image Treatment Analysis module Whether the quality of the spherical agricultural product is qualified, if qualified, then the spherical agricultural product qualified to each carry out grade separation, Different grades can be set, and the number of grade is corresponding with the number of driving lever.
The specific implementation process of the present embodiment:
Spherical agricultural product are respectively placed on the roller pallet 27 at the top of conveying mechanism 2, now driving lever 40 exists Naturally droop under self gravitation effect, and abut against on driving lever support 41;Start to transmit spherical agriculture by the drive chain 26 of motor 20 Product, while infrared photoelectric sensor carries out counting spherical agricultural product, it is fixed to be carried out according to the transmission speed of chain 26 Position;Spherical agricultural product are conveyed under the drive of chain 26, when the friction belt 30 through rolling mechanism 3, roller pallet 27 are rotated in the presence of frictional force, while drive spherical agricultural product to carry out rotation, now by image capture module The image information of collection Agricultural Products, detects whether the quality of the agricultural product is qualified, if unqualified, is recorded;Otherwise Qualified spherical agricultural product are carried out into grade separation;Underproof spherical agricultural product are delivered to behind the end of conveying mechanism 2 certainly Dynamic blanking, rejects underproof spherical agricultural product;Qualified spherical agricultural product are delivered to classification under the drive of chain 26 At mechanism 4, through classification mechanism 4, according to the grade separation result of qualified spherical agricultural product, by qualified spherical agricultural production Product are delivered in classification mechanism 4 at corresponding pin 42, and by pin 42 classification recovery is carried out.
In sum, a kind of spherical agricultural product conveying grading plant that the utility model is provided, simple structure, operation side Just, by Non-Destructive Testing, agricultural product will not be damaged, it is adaptable to the spherical agriculture such as egg, apple, persimmon, pears, peach, oranges and tangerines The Non-Destructive Testing and classification of product.
The object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention are further described by above-listed preferred embodiment, are answered It is understood by, the foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Within god and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of spherical agricultural product convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:Including a frame, it is arranged in frame for horizontal The conveying mechanism of spherical agricultural product is conveyed, is arranged on conveying mechanism and is used to drive the rolling of spherical agricultural product automatic turning Mechanism and it is arranged at conveying mechanism side and positioned at the classification mechanism at rolling mechanism rear;The top top of the conveying mechanism is also An infrared photoelectric sensor for being counted to spherical agricultural product is provided with, the rolling mechanism top is provided with one for adopting Collect the image acquisition mechanism of spherical agricultural product external information.
2. a kind of spherical agricultural product according to claim 1 convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:The conveying mechanism Rotate the driven shaft and driving shaft for being arranged at frame or so two ends, the V of driving shaft Jing mono- bands and motor connection respectively including one; The driven shaft and driving shaft are arranged with respectively driven sprocket and drive sprocket, are arranged with the driven sprocket and drive sprocket One chain, is fixed with equal intervals some chain connecting plates on the chain, each chain connecting plate is respectively equipped with one for placing agricultural product Roller pallet.
3. a kind of spherical agricultural product according to claim 2 convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:The roller pallet It is made up of the impression roller of a rotating bar and turning set in rotating bar, the rotating bar is fixed on the chain connecting plate.
4. a kind of spherical agricultural product according to claim 2 convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:The rolling mechanism Including the friction belt being arranged between chain connecting plate and roller pallet, the friction belt is fixed on the chain connecting plate, and with institute State roller tray bottom to fit, described image collecting mechanism includes a collection support being arranged above roller pallet, arranges Image capture module on collection support, the collection support is fixedly connected with the frame.
5. a kind of spherical agricultural product according to claim 4 convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:The classification mechanism The driving lever between two adjacent rollers pallets is respectively arranged at including several, several are used to support the driving lever of each driving lever respectively Support, and more than one according to grade separation result be arranged at intervals at chain side for drive driving lever overturn pin;Institute State driving lever support L-shaped, be made up of horizontal part and vertical component effect, the horizontal part is fixed on chain connecting plate, the top of the driving lever The bearing pins of Jing mono- are rotated and are arranged at the top of vertical component effect, and the top of the driving lever is outwards horizontal-extending is provided with a cross bar.
6. a kind of spherical agricultural product according to claim 5 convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:The driving lever support Vertical component effect medial surface be additionally provided with an outwardly convex for supporting the convex portion of driving lever.
7. a kind of spherical agricultural product according to claim 5 convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:Each pin Jing mono- Connecting rod is connected with the output shaft of a stepper motor, and the output shaft of stepper motor is fixedly connected with one end of connecting rod, connecting rod it is another End is fixedly connected the pin, and the pin is L-shaped and lateral inclination is arranged at interlinking lever end.
8. a kind of spherical agricultural product according to claim 7 convey grading plant, it is characterised in that:The stepping electricity Machine, infrared photoelectric sensor, image capture module and stepper motor are electrically connected with a main control module.
CN201621066240.2U 2016-09-21 2016-09-21 Grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class Expired - Fee Related CN206153160U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621066240.2U CN206153160U (en) 2016-09-21 2016-09-21 Grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621066240.2U CN206153160U (en) 2016-09-21 2016-09-21 Grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206153160U true CN206153160U (en) 2017-05-10

Family

ID=58650570

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621066240.2U Expired - Fee Related CN206153160U (en) 2016-09-21 2016-09-21 Grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206153160U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106238345A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-21 福建农林大学 One kind spherical agricultural product conveying grading plant and control method thereof
CN108405365A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-17 江南大学 A kind of interval driven type apple exterior quality self-grading device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106238345A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-21 福建农林大学 One kind spherical agricultural product conveying grading plant and control method thereof
CN108405365A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-17 江南大学 A kind of interval driven type apple exterior quality self-grading device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN206229716U (en) A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique
CN206153160U (en) Grading plant is carried to spherical agricultural product of class
CN202213989U (en) Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multichannel fruit and vegetable sorting machine
CN102941189B (en) Controllable rotary angle insection tray device of fruit sorter
CN105268659A (en) Red jujube screening machine based on visual technique
CN102179374A (en) Automatic detecting and sorting device for poultry egg quality and method thereof
CN202037127U (en) Automatic egg quality detection and separation equipment
CN202092599U (en) Device for testing watermelon quality in online nondestructive manner
CN105009731B (en) Corn seed investigating method and its system
CN104056789A (en) Carrot defect image quantitative detection method and carrot sorting apparatus
CN206184790U (en) Heavily system of picking up on line of different specification products
CN106238345A (en) One kind spherical agricultural product conveying grading plant and control method thereof
CN102285529A (en) Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multi-channel fruit & vegetable sorting machine
CN111069094A (en) Multi-index comprehensive spherical fruit and vegetable quality grading and sorting device
CN104137788B (en) Egg collecting and grading integrated equipment
CN201618694U (en) Fruit grading and detecting device
CN107185858A (en) A kind of fruit detection hierarchy system and method
CN110681590A (en) Fish screening machine
CN207126835U (en) A kind of potato Fast nondestructive evaluation self-grading device
CN105783990A (en) Panoramic image measurement system for corn ear indoor accurate seed assessment and testing
CN206305068U (en) Fruit sieves packaging device
CN213349801U (en) Spherical fruit grading plant
CN111438072A (en) Product letter sorting equipment weighs
CN210546445U (en) Leather grading equipment
EP1577024A1 (en) Method and apparatus for aligning crop articles for grading

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170510

Termination date: 20190921

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee