CN201482540U - Grinder for cutting plant materials - Google Patents

Grinder for cutting plant materials Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201482540U
CN201482540U CN2009201374177U CN200920137417U CN201482540U CN 201482540 U CN201482540 U CN 201482540U CN 2009201374177 U CN2009201374177 U CN 2009201374177U CN 200920137417 U CN200920137417 U CN 200920137417U CN 201482540 U CN201482540 U CN 201482540U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cut
hand hay
hay cutter
cutter
cutting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2009201374177U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翁赐和
翁建新
Original Assignee
翁赐和
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 翁赐和 filed Critical 翁赐和
Priority to CN2009201374177U priority Critical patent/CN201482540U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201482540U publication Critical patent/CN201482540U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to processing mechanical equipment for processing various plant materials of straws, weeds and branches, woodwork planing materials, and the like, to be suitable for producing culture materials of edible fungi, in particular to a grinder for cutting plant materials. The grinder comprises a base, a cutting and grinding room arranged on the base, a material feeding hopper, a material discharging outlet, a power device and a speed-changing drive mechanism, wherein a public material falling hopper is directly arranged under the cutting and grinding room, namely. the bottom part of a screening mesh; the public material falling hopper is internally provided with a centrifugal material-absorption fan device; the centrifugal material-absorption fan device consists of a pair of fan blades which are arranged at the two sides of the main shaft of the same centrifugal fan; and a wind outlet of the centrifugal material-absorption fan device is communicated with the material discharging outlet. The grinder can cut and grind soft and hard raw materials such as the various plant materials of the straws, the weeds and the branches, the woodwork planing materials, and the like, and is good for directly absorb the processed grains of the culture materials of the edible fungi successfully, thereby achieving the effects of saving the energy consumption, simplifying the work procedure, and improving the production efficiency.

Description

The vegetable material Cutting grinder
(1) technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind ofly can be processed into the processing mechanical apparatus that is suitable for producing culture medium of edible fungus, particularly a kind of vegetable material Cutting grinder with straw, weeds, branch bar and the carpenter's plane material etc. of various vegetable material.
(2) background technology:
Along with the continuous breakthrough of edible fungus culturing production technology, various vegetable material straws, weeds, fruit tree branch and the carpenter's plane material etc. of the overwhelming majority are by being ground into the raw material that the particle particle can be used as bag-cultivated edible fungi.China is a large agricultural country, crop stalk of gathering every year and fruit tree branch aboundresources, though these plant straws are succeedd on cultivation technique now, but aspect raw material processing pulverizing, because the characteristic difference of these vegetable material, if utilize existing pulverizer equipment processing, not only yield poorly, adopt 15 kilowatt motor hourly outputs not reach 200 kilograms, and can't be to straw, the vegetable material that toughness such as weeds are big is pulverized processing, if buying two above coordinative composition of equipments of cutting machine and pulverizer uses, then exist investment big, the cost height, take a lot of work, time-consuming, the shortcoming that energy consumption is big, thus make that these richs in natural resources are not effectively utilized basically.
Therefore, the inventor develops a kind of comprehensive plant equipment---cutting and grinding two-purpose machine for plant material that can cut up with a hay cutter straw, weeds, branch bar and the carpenter's plane material etc. of broken various vegetable material, and once applied for patent to State Intellectual Property Office in 2007, it can disposablely be finished hand hay cutter and cut pulverizing, and the person produces needs to satisfy the edible fungus culturing.But the centrifugal suction air inlet at this cutting and grinding two-purpose machine for plant material discharging opening place is cut the pulverizing chamber bottom by " U " type tapping channel pipe and hand hay cutter and is communicated with, and the shortcoming of Cun Zaiing is like this: the one, and draw resistance is big in the suction process; The 2nd, to the phenomenons such as obstruction can occur that processes raw material of humidity, more strengthened the live load of centrifugal suction blower fan, the suction effect is influenced, thereby has reduced output, has reduced production efficiency.
(3) summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of vegetable material Cutting grinder, it can cut up with a hay cutter the soft or hard raw materials such as straw, weeds, branch bar and carpenter's plane material of various vegetable material to cut and pulverize processing, and the smooth sucking-off of culture medium of edible fungus particle after helping directly will processing, thereby reach the effect of saving energy consumption, simplifying working process, enhancing productivity.
The utility model is to constitute like this, it still comprises support, the hand hay cutter of being located on the support is cut pulverizing chamber, feeding hopper (also claiming charging aperture), discharging opening, power set and variable transmission mechanism, wherein hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing chamber and is connected and composed by upper casing and lower casing, in cutting pulverizing chamber, hand hay cutter is provided with the rotary head that is installed on the main shaft, being provided with hand hay cutter on rotary head simultaneously cuts fly cutter and pulverizes the rotation hammer leaf group that hammering is used, be equipped with and cut up with a hay cutter the dead knife of cutting the corresponding cooperation of fly cutter near the feeding hopper place at lower casing, described hand hay cutter is cut and is become certain angle of inclination (low-angle) to install between fly cutter and the dead knife, described hand hay cutter cut pulverizing chamber below (near the bottom of lower casing) be provided with filter screen, the feeding hopper place of cutting pulverizing chamber near hand hay cutter be provided with that a secondary force feed material uses on, following annular knurl pinch roller, two annular knurl pinch rollers are mounted to rightabout and rotate, it is characterized in that: the bottom that directly is filter screen below described hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing chamber is provided with public material-falling hopper, in public material-falling hopper, be provided with centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus, this centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus is to be made of a pair of fan blade that is installed in same centrifugal blower main shaft both sides, and the air outlet place of described centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus is connected with discharging opening.
In use, earlier vegetable material is put into feeding hopper, on the process, the annular knurl pinch roller that becomes rightabout to rotate down carries out roll extrusion, make and send into hand hay cutter after the compacted compacting of vegetable material and cut in the pulverizing chamber and cut fly cutter through hand hay cutter, cut up with a hay cutter to cut under the acting in conjunction of dead knife and rotation hammer leaf group and pulverize processing, on the one hand the hand hay cutter that hand hay cutter is cut fly cutter and dead knife on rotary head cut can fast vegetable material be cut up with a hay cutter the cutting material that cut out Len req (hand hay cutter cut length be lean on last, the charging rate of following annular knurl pinch roller determines with the number of times that hand hay cutter is cut the fly cutter rotation), on the other hand through rotating hammer leaf group hammering pulverizing vegetable material repeatedly, hand hay cutter is cut and is pulverized material and rotate under the negative pressure acting in conjunction of generation the particle screen selecting that will meet culture medium of edible fungus by filter screen at a high speed because of centrifugal suction blower fan at self gravitation and public material-falling hopper and fall in the public material-falling hopper then, is discharged into discharging opening after the suction function that produces through a pair of fan blade high speed centrifugation rotation of centrifugal suction blower fan again absorbs again.
The utility model is to improve on the basis of original cutting and grinding two-purpose machine for plant material technology, has the following advantages:
1, because hand hay cutter is cut fly cutter and rotation hammer leaf group is installed on the rotary head simultaneously, and hand hay cutter is cut and is become the installation of little angle of inclination between fly cutter and the dead knife, so operation principle according to the hand chopper, making hand hay cutter cut fly cutter matches with dead knife, hand hay cutter can alleviate the load that hand hay cutter is cut when cutting, cooperate the hammering of rotation hammer leaf group again, just can satisfy the hand hay cutter of vegetable material such as various straws, weeds, branch bar and carpenter's plane material and cut pulverizing processing, its processing characteristics culture medium of edible fungus granularity superior, that process meets the requirements.
2, hand hay cutter is cut the culture medium of edible fungus particle of pulverizing after processing and is fallen into public material-falling hopper by the direct screening of filter screen, also after absorbing, be discharged into discharging opening simultaneously through centrifugal suction blower fan, the smooth sucking-off of culture medium of edible fungus particle after helping so directly will processing, reach the purpose of saving energy consumption, can save centrifugal suction fan energy consumption 30%.
3, the utility model is rational in infrastructure, use easy to maintenance, not only realized the disposable purpose that two procedures was cut and pulverized to hand hay cutter of finishing, and can be directly with the smooth sucking-off of culture medium of edible fungus particle after the processing, thereby have cost low, save energy consumption, production efficiency height, moisture content and be lower than 70% raw material and remarkable advantage such as can process.Adopt 15 kilowatt motors, per hour process 1000 kilograms of branch bars, efficient improves 5 times than common pulverizer, power consumption saves 80%, per hour process 600 kilograms of straw class straws, this is that original pulverizer can't be realized, has solved the soft straw problem of difficult processing of straw class, has bigger promotional value.
(4) description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the organigram of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the side view of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the assembly structure schematic diagram of centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus.
Fig. 4 is the side view of centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus.
Among the figure, 1 is support, and 2 is that hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing chamber, and 3 is feeding hopper, 4 is discharging opening, and 5 is motor, and 6 is upper casing, and 7 is lower casing, 8 is main shaft, and 9 are rotary head (can be designed to the structure of circular slab or two arcs), and 10 is that hand hay cutter is cut fly cutter, 11 are rotation hammer leaf group, and 12 is dead knife, and 13 is filter screen, 14 is last annular knurl pinch roller, and 15 are following annular knurl pinch roller, and 16 is public material-falling hopper, 17 is centrifugal suction blower fan, and 18 is the centrifugal blower main shaft, and 19 is the fan blade of centrifugal suction blower fan.
(5) specific embodiment:
With reference to accompanying drawing, the utility model embodiment comprises support 1, the hand hay cutter of being located on the support 1 is cut pulverizing chamber 2, feeding hopper 3 (also claiming charging aperture), discharging opening 4, motor 5 and variable transmission mechanism, wherein hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing chamber 2 and is connected and composed by upper casing 6 and lower casing 7, in cutting pulverizing chamber 2, hand hay cutter is provided with the rotary head 9 that is installed on the main shaft 8, being provided with hand hay cutter on rotary head 9 simultaneously cuts fly cutter 10 and pulverizes the rotation hammer leaf group 11 that hammering is used, be equipped with near feeding hopper 3 places and cut up with a hay cutter the dead knife 12 of cutting the corresponding cooperation of fly cutter at lower casing 7, described hand hay cutter is cut and is become certain angle of inclination (low-angle) to install between fly cutter 10 and the dead knife 12, described hand hay cutter cut pulverizing chamber 2 below (near the bottom of lower casing 7) be provided with filter screen 13, feeding hopper 3 places of cutting pulverizing chamber 2 near hand hay cutter be provided with that a secondary force feed material uses on, following annular knurl pinch roller 14,15, two annular knurl pinch rollers are mounted to rightabout and rotate, it is characterized in that: the bottom that directly is filter screen 13 below described hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing chamber 2 is provided with public material-falling hopper 16, in public material-falling hopper 16, be provided with centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus 17, this centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus 17 is to be made of a pair of fan blade 19 that is installed in same centrifugal blower main shaft 18 both sides, and the air outlet place of described centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus 17 is connected with discharging opening 4.
Cut and hammering is pulverized for the ease of hand hay cutter, have a pair of hand hay cutter at least and cut fly cutter 10 and have two groups rotation hammer leaf group 11 at least and be evenly distributed on the rotary head 9, and become corresponding distribution.The angle α that above-mentioned hand hay cutter is cut between fly cutter 10 and the dead knife 12 is between 1.5 °-5 °, and hand hay cutter can alleviate the load that hand hay cutter is cut when cutting, thereby helps saving power.
Cut according to hand hay cutter and to pulverize what of vegetable material quantity, 2-4 can be installed on the above-mentioned rotary head 9 hand hay cutter is cut fly cutter 10, the corresponding 2-4 group rotation hammer leaf group 11 that is equipped with.
In order to help improving the speed of charging, improve the output that hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing, reduce labor intensity, above-mentioned feeding hopper 3 also can be joined automatic transmission material conveyer belt in addition and be transmitted vegetable material.Be furnished with automatic transmission material conveyer belt and be convenient to process particle and soft stalk, and only be convenient to process hard thick straw with feeding hopper 3.
Above-mentioned feeding web, annular knurl pinch roller 14,15, rotary head 9,17 of centrifugal suction blower fans adopt a power and connect running by variable transmission mechanism.This variable transmission mechanism also can be gear graduation.
The utility model structure not state part same as the prior art.

Claims (3)

1. vegetable material Cutting grinder, comprise support (1), the hand hay cutter of being located on the support is cut pulverizing chamber (2), feeding hopper (3), discharging opening (4), power set and variable transmission mechanism, wherein hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing chamber and is connected and composed by upper casing (6) and lower casing (7), in cutting pulverizing chamber, hand hay cutter is provided with the rotary head (9) that is installed on the main shaft (8), being provided with hand hay cutter on rotary head simultaneously cuts fly cutter (10) and pulverizes the rotation hammer leaf group (11) that hammering is used, be equipped with and cut up with a hay cutter the dead knife (12) of cutting the corresponding cooperation of fly cutter near the feeding hopper place at lower casing, described hand hay cutter is cut and is become certain angle of inclination to install between fly cutter and the dead knife, described hand hay cutter cut pulverizing chamber below, promptly the bottom near lower casing is provided with filter screen (13), the feeding hopper place of cutting pulverizing chamber near hand hay cutter be provided with that a secondary force feed material uses on, following annular knurl pinch roller (14,15), two annular knurl pinch rollers are mounted to rightabout and rotate, it is characterized in that: the bottom that directly is filter screen (13) below described hand hay cutter is cut pulverizing chamber (2) is provided with public material-falling hopper (16), in public material-falling hopper, be provided with centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus (17), this centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus is to be made of a pair of fan blade (19) that is installed in same centrifugal blower main shaft (18) both sides, and the air outlet place of described centrifugal suction blower fan apparatus is connected with discharging opening (4).
2. vegetable material Cutting grinder according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hand hay cutter cuts fly cutter (10) and rotation hammer leaf group (11) is evenly distributed on the rotary head (9), and becoming corresponding distribution, the angle α that described hand hay cutter is cut between fly cutter (10) and the dead knife (12) is between 15 °-5 °.
3. vegetable material Cutting grinder according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: 2-4 can be installed on the described rotary head (9) hand hay cutter is cut fly cutter (10), the corresponding 2-4 group rotation hammer leaf group (11) that is equipped with.
CN2009201374177U 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 Grinder for cutting plant materials Expired - Lifetime CN201482540U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201374177U CN201482540U (en) 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 Grinder for cutting plant materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201374177U CN201482540U (en) 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 Grinder for cutting plant materials

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201482540U true CN201482540U (en) 2010-05-26

Family

ID=42421433

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009201374177U Expired - Lifetime CN201482540U (en) 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 Grinder for cutting plant materials

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201482540U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869865A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-10-27 中节能(宿迁)生物质能发电有限公司 Roller-type hay cutter
CN101786034B (en) * 2009-05-19 2011-07-20 翁赐和 Double-use plant material cutting grinder
CN103950079A (en) * 2014-04-27 2014-07-30 苏州创维晟自动化科技有限公司 Wood chip crushing machine with drying function
CN104772208A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-15 河北蓝格隔音材料有限公司 Hammer type crushing and winnowing integrated machine of soundproof cotton waste
CN111844261A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-10-30 河池市宜州鹏达农机厂 A mulberry branch breaker for production of domestic fungus stick

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101786034B (en) * 2009-05-19 2011-07-20 翁赐和 Double-use plant material cutting grinder
CN101869865A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-10-27 中节能(宿迁)生物质能发电有限公司 Roller-type hay cutter
CN103950079A (en) * 2014-04-27 2014-07-30 苏州创维晟自动化科技有限公司 Wood chip crushing machine with drying function
CN104772208A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-15 河北蓝格隔音材料有限公司 Hammer type crushing and winnowing integrated machine of soundproof cotton waste
CN111844261A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-10-30 河池市宜州鹏达农机厂 A mulberry branch breaker for production of domestic fungus stick

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101104155B (en) Cutting and grinding two-purpose machine for plant material
CN103084286B (en) Straw cutting, crashing and sieving integrated device and method
CN201482540U (en) Grinder for cutting plant materials
CN101757961A (en) Plant material cutting pulverizer
CN201205504Y (en) Anti-winding type straw crushing device
CN201192650Y (en) Branches disintegrator
CN2691702Y (en) Multifunction pulverizing mill
CN101786034B (en) Double-use plant material cutting grinder
CN202773482U (en) Pulverizer
CN102284337B (en) Assembly line type multifunctional fungus material chopping and crushing processing device
CN101518183A (en) Hob-type straw grinding recycling machine
CN204799374U (en) Automatic feeding reducing mechanism
CN207135585U (en) A kind of branch crushing machine
CN105107587A (en) Edible fungi culture medium crushing equipment
CN201002294Y (en) Mushroom-wood cutting disintegrator
CN205020176U (en) Edible fungi culture material crushing apparatus
CN201592114U (en) Fungus material cutting grinder
CN202146811U (en) Special grinder for edible mushroom raw material
CN201571355U (en) Straw chopping returning machine used for longitudinal axial-flow harvester
CN201109144Y (en) Plant material cutting-disintegrating dual-purpose machine
CN203316216U (en) Crusher of sugarcane leaves
CN102334441B (en) Equipment for producing soil-free grass
CN103341394A (en) Integral fungus material chopper
CN202143360U (en) Production line multifunctional fungous material chopping processing device
CN201550445U (en) wheat straw crushing and threshing machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20100526

Effective date of abandoning: 20090403