CN102284337B - Assembly line type multifunctional fungus material chopping and crushing processing device - Google Patents

Assembly line type multifunctional fungus material chopping and crushing processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102284337B
CN102284337B CN201110094221.6A CN201110094221A CN102284337B CN 102284337 B CN102284337 B CN 102284337B CN 201110094221 A CN201110094221 A CN 201110094221A CN 102284337 B CN102284337 B CN 102284337B
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chamber
pulverizing chamber
conveyer belt
processing
guillotine cutting
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201110094221.6A
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CN102284337A (en
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翁建新
翁赐和
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翁赐和
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Abstract

The invention discloses an assembly line type multifunctional fungus material chopping and crushing processing device, which is characterized in that: a chipping and crushing mechanism consists of a chopping machine component and a crushing machine component which are independently arranged on the same stand in sequence, wherein a discharge port of a chopping chamber is directly connected with a feed port of a crushing chamber through a connecting hopper; a processed material in the chopping chamber is directly thrown into the crushing chamber to be crushed through the connecting hopper under the action of centrifugal force; a feed conveying belt is arranged at the feed port of a feed hopper of the chopping chamber; a discharge conveying belt mechanism is arranged at the discharge port of the crushing chamber; the top end of the discharge conveying belt mechanism is provided with a vertical discharge port which is connected with a feed port of a charge container; and thus, a one-stop multifunctional assembly line processing device is constructed. The device has high automation degree and a wide processing adaptation range and can meet the requirements of processing various damp plant raw materials with high toughness and high water content; dust pollution to the environment can be favorably avoided; the dust concentration is reduced by over 70 percent compared with that of a normal crushing machine; the energy consumption is reduced; the power consumption is reduced by 50 percent; labor and force are saved; and the production efficiency is increased by 60 percent.

Description

Production line multifunctional fungous material chopping processing device
(1), technical field
The present invention relates to a kind ofly various vegetable material (fruit tree or weedtree branch, agricultural crop straw, grapevine, weeds, wood chip etc.) to be machined for to the plant equipment of culture medium of edible fungus, particularly a kind of multi-functional fungus material of pipeline system (being streamlined formula) of many coordinative composition of equipments combinations cuts up with a hay cutter broken processing unit (plant).
(2), background technology
In contemporary society, people are the important component part using the production of various delicious mushroom classes in edible mushroom as vegetable basket project, particularly the Precious Edible Fungi of various food medicine dual-purposes is because have high nutritive value and medical value, be widely used in already health products and field of medicaments, therefore, Edible Fungi has formed one of pillar industry of local characteristic in the many areas of China.The main cause that edible mushroom obtains greatly developing has benefited from the continuous lifting of using value and the continuous breakthrough of prepared using, according to the cultivation technique requirement, as the fungus material of raw materials for production, mostly all need to be broken into after a certain size graininess compost and just to insert that in container, (container can adopt polybag by processing powder, bottle etc.), carry out forming bacterium rod product mushroom after cultural hypha, it is high that this planting type has output, with short production cycle, raw material availability is high, instant effect, the superiority such as the mushroom quality is good, in the production process of this mode, wherein Raw material processing is an important step, need forming a complete set of of various advanced processing equipments, could realize the Edible Fungi automation, also that mushroom industry is played for a long time, stable, the deciding factor developed in a healthy way.Raw material in the past is mainly from the broad-leaf forest weedtree; continuous progress along with the Edible Fungi technology; various vegetable material straws, weeds, fruit tree and the wood chip material etc. of the overwhelming majority can be used as the raw material of bag-cultivated edible fungi by being ground into the particle particle; China is a large agricultural country; the crop stalk of gathering every year and fruit tree aboundresources; extensively adopt plant waste, not only be conducive to protect forest resources, and solved the environmental pollution that wastes of crops causes.But, plant waste is of a great variety, woody is arranged, the draft class, flexible is strong, there is hardness large, nature difference is variant, aspect Raw material processing cut-out and pulverizing, characteristic difference due to these vegetable material, if utilize existing pulverizer equipment processing, not only yield poorly, and can't be to straw, the vegetable material that the toughness such as weeds are large is pulverized processing, if buying two above coordinative composition of equipments of cutting machine (cutting machine) and pulverizer uses, exist cost of investment high, floor space is large, take a lot of work, time-consuming, the shortcoming that energy consumption is large, thereby making these richs in natural resources there is no is effectively utilized.Therefore, the inventor once developed the comprehensive plant equipment that some energy guillotine cuttings are pulverized various vegetable material, as " cutting and grinding two-purpose machine for plant material " and " double-use plant material cutting grinder " (patent No. respectively: 200710009366.5 and 200910111793.3), they are can be in same cutting chamber disposable completes guillotine cutting and crushed work, can better meet the Edible Fungi needs.But plant the material Cutting grinder and also have following a few point defect for aforementioned these two kinds:
1, the centrifugal suction air inlet that has plenty of the discharging opening place is communicated with guillotine cutting pulverizing chamber bottom by " U " type tapping channel pipe, exists the tapping channel bending partially long, draw resistance increase in the suction process; 2, have plenty of and clogging easily occurs to processing moist raw material discharging, for example, the moisture content of plant material (amount) is as long as surpass 15%, will significantly increase the live load of centrifugal suction blower fan, the suction effect will greatly be affected, and even be difficult to discharging, thereby reduce production efficiency; The hammer leaf group disjunctor of the set of blades that 3, guillotine cutting is used and pulverizing use is arranged in same rotating shaft, when the various plant materials bigger than normal to water content (are annotated as tangerine bar, weeds, fruit tree add man-hour, under the overcast and rainy humid conditions of Southern Mountain Areas of China, the plant material water content that the mushroom agriculture gathers generally substantially exceeds 20%), the mushroom agriculture need expensive time and labor to raw material repeatedly ted, dry, the dry processing such as air-dry, even so still often be difficult to reach processing request, also affected the freshness of raw material; Although the guillotine cutting of the soft or hard raw materials such as the straw of various vegetable material, weeds, branch bar and wood raw material can being carried out 4, had is pulverized processing, and can also be easily by still comparatively moist after processing, the smooth sucking-off of plant material particle that water content is higher, but crushed material all needs to use the feeding of high-power centrifugal suction blower fan, the negative-pressure air-flow conveying crushing material produced by centrifugal blower in pulverizing the discharging process, because the centrifugal blower rotating speed is fast, the generation air-flow is large, environment dust concentration height and the large pollution of noise can be caused, the healthy of mushroom agriculture can be had a strong impact on; 5, the mechanization degree of above-mentioned technology also is difficult to realize that (pipeline system) of the streamlined formula of energy meets the needs that the modernization culture medium of edible fungus is produced, although can disposablely complete guillotine cutting and pulverize processing, process needs but can not meet the desirable whole process processing of culture medium of edible fungus, the desirable culture medium of edible fungus whole process process of high efficiency comprises: self-feeding feeding, guillotine cutting (cut-out), self-emptying feeding to pulverizer, pulverizing, self-emptying feeding to charge cask (as gunnysack or charging basket) are packed.
Demand along with social progress, people expect to develop the novel mechanical equipment that a kind of high yield, low energy consumption, the mechanization degree multi-functional fungus material of whole process guillotine cutting high, that have again many coordinative composition of equipments combinations of environment-friendly type are pulverized, to meet the needs of modernization Edible Fungi.
(3) summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of streamlined formula of many coordinative composition of equipments combinations is production line multifunctional fungous material chopping processing device, it is high that it has a mechanization degree, processing adapts to wide, can not only process the pulverizing fruit tree, and to various stalks, straw, grapevine, mulberry branch, the raw material that the toughness such as weeds are large can carry out the guillotine cutting pulverizing equally, and still comparatively moist after easily directly processing, the plant material particle smooth delivery of power that water content is higher goes out, thereby be conducive to avoid the dust pollution to environment, really reach the saving energy consumption, simplify working process, the saving of labor, laborsaving, the effect of enhancing productivity.
The present invention forms (with reference to Fig. 1) like this, it still comprises support, Cutting grinder structure with feeding hopper or charging aperture, power set and variable transmission mechanism (being power drive mechanism), it is characterized in that: described Cutting grinder structure is comprised of the guillotine cutting chamber B (being the cutting machine assembly) and the pulverizing chamber C (being the pulverizer assembly) that independently are arranged on successively on same support, the discharging opening of described guillotine cutting chamber B (being the cutting machine assembly) directly is connected with the charging aperture of pulverizing chamber C (being the pulverizer assembly) by a connection bucket, the described labor and materials that add after guillotine cutting chamber B guillotine cutting processing is processed are at the rotation lock knife plate under centrifugal (power) effect together with fly cutter, directly get rid of into pulverizing chamber C and pulverize by the connection bucket between guillotine cutting chamber B and pulverizing chamber C, be provided with a supporting feeding conveyer belt A at the charging aperture place of described guillotine cutting chamber B feeding hopper, be provided with a supporting discharging conveyer belt mechanism at the discharging opening place of described pulverizing chamber C, the other end of this discharging conveyer belt mechanism is that top (or claim tail end) is furnished with vertical discharging opening (blanking port) and is connected with the charging aperture of charge cask, streamlined formula multifunctional pipeline process equipment with this compositional optimization structure.
Above-mentioned technical pattern feature of the present invention can further be specially:
One, there is a semicircular arc screen cloth below described pulverizing chamber C, there is material-falling hopper below the bottom of this semicircular arc screen cloth, described material-falling hopper is connected with the discharging conveyer belt mechanism, during work, the labor and materials that add through described pulverizing chamber C pulverizing, its discharging is the turning effort by hammer leaf group in pulverizing chamber C, will add labor and materials and the semicircular arc screen cloth after blanking, directly fall into the material-falling hopper that is contained in the screen bottom below and be transported to charge cask by the discharging conveyer belt mechanism under pulverizing chamber C.
Two, described discharging conveyer belt mechanism is sprocket wheel chain driving member (conveyer belt) in being arranged on a U-shaped groove and is formed as the reducing motor of power.
Three, be provided with the rolling wheel up and down that one group of rightabout rotates at the spout place of described guillotine cutting chamber B, this upper and lower rolling wheel is equipped with lower sprocket and chain, its transmission is driven by upper lower sprocket and chain, the inner periphery of described chain drives upper sprocket wheel, the excircle of chain drives lower sprocket and rotates simultaneously, to form upper and lower two rolling wheel both forward and reverse directions, rotate, it is to lean on the regulating spring of loosening and tightening wheel to keep the duty of normal tensioning that the upper sprocket wheel while being furnished with rolling wheel lifting on loosening and tightening wheel and regulating spring thereof on described chain keeps coordinating with chain.
Four, be provided with a driven pulley sprocket wheel on described feeding conveyer belt A, on the installation shaft (other end) of described lower rolling wheel, a drive sprocket is housed, the transmission of feeding conveyer belt A is that the drive sprocket on the rolling wheel installation shaft drives the driven pulley sprocket wheel rotation of feeding conveyer belt A on the lower.
The present invention will be located at the guillotine cutting chamber B (being the cutting machine assembly) on same support, pulverizing chamber C (being the pulverizer assembly), supporting feeding conveyer belt A, feeding hopper, the discharging conveyer belt mechanism, charge cask and power drive mechanism are optimized the science combination of structure and are used in conjunction with each other, thereby the multifunctional pipeline formula that realizes mechanization is pulverized process requirements, this mechanical automation degree of equipment is high, processing adapts to wide, can meet the various toughness of processing large, the higher plant material of humidity and water content comparatively, be conducive to avoid the dust pollution to environment, really reach desirable favourable protection of the environment, save energy consumption, simplify working process, the saving of labor, laborsaving, the effect of enhancing productivity.
(4), accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is mounted in guillotine cutting chamber on same support and the structural representation of pulverizing chamber.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of guillotine cutting chamber and the supporting assembly of rolling wheel up and down thereof.
Fig. 5 is that the guillotine cutting chamber is the structural representation of cutting machine assembly.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of rotary head assembly supporting in the guillotine cutting chamber.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of Fig. 6 G-G direction.
Fig. 8 is that pulverizing chamber is the structural representation of pulverizer assembly.
(5) specific embodiment:
With reference to accompanying drawing, the concrete parts of this streamlined production line multifunctional fungous material chopping processing device of the present invention comprise: A--feeding conveyer belt (also can adopt feeding hopper), B--guillotine cutting chamber (being the cutting machine assembly), C--pulverizing chamber (being the pulverizer assembly), the spout (charging aperture) of 1--guillotine cutting chamber, 2--change pulley (being variable transmission mechanism), the 3--upper sprocket wheel, the 4--lower sprocket, the 5--rotary head, the upper casing of 6--guillotine cutting chamber, the lower casing of 7--guillotine cutting chamber, 8--guillotine cutting discharging opening, the 9--connection bucket, 10--pulverizing chamber charging aperture, 11--pulverizing chamber hammer leaf rotor (or the mounting disc of counterweight pin), the upper casing of 12--pulverizing chamber, the lower casing of 13--pulverizing chamber, the semicircular arc screen cloth of 14--pulverizing chamber below, the 15--material-falling hopper, the reducing motor that 16--discharging conveyer belt mechanism is used, 17--U type groove, the vertical discharging opening (blanking port) of 18--discharging conveyer belt mechanism tail end, the 19--support, 20--pulverizing chamber C is the power motor that the pulverizer assembly is used, the 21--chain, 22--chain loosening and tightening wheel, 23--guillotine cutting chamber B is the power motor that the cutting machine assembly is used, 24--discharging conveyer belt mechanism, the 25--charge cask, 26--supporting and location bar, the 27--compression spring, the upper rolling wheel of 28--, rolling wheel under 29--, the 30--fly cutter, 31--locks knife plate, 32--guillotine cutting chamber main shaft, 33--guillotine cutting chamber belt pulley, 34--pulverizing chamber belt pulley, 35--hammer leaf group, 36--hammers pin into shape, 37--pulverizing chamber main shaft, drive sprocket under 38--on the rolling wheel installation shaft, the driven sprocket of 39--feeding used for conveyer belt, 40--guillotine cutting chamber dead knife, 41--movable axis bearing (for installing rolling wheel).
With reference to accompanying drawing, structure of the present invention and operation principle are to form like this, it comprises support 19, be located at mainly containing feeding conveyer belt A or feeding hopper, guillotine cutting chamber B (being the cutting machine assembly), pulverizing chamber C (being the pulverizer assembly), discharging conveyer belt mechanism 24, coordinate charge cask 25 on support, by scientific optimization, combine and melt as overall structure.Guillotine cutting chamber B is comprised of upper and lower enclosure 6,7 and rotary head 5, rotary head 5 is to be fixed on the main shaft of guillotine cutting chamber B, the uniform 2-4 piece lock knife plate 31 that is fixed with on rotary head 5, fly cutter 30 is tightly to be locked on the lock knife plate 31 of rotary head 5 with bolt, a dead knife 40 is installed on the lower casing circumferential edge of guillotine cutting chamber B and matches with fly cutter 30, by fly cutter 30 rotations, to adding labor and materials, carry out guillotine cutting.Be provided with the rolling wheel up and down 28 that a pair of one-tenth both forward and reverse directions rotates at B spout 8 places, guillotine cutting chamber, 29, the two ends of upper roll extrusion wheel shaft adopt 2 movable axis bearings 41 and two compression springs 27 to install, support pole 26 location by two, both sides respectively, align the rolling wheel up and down 28 of counter-rotation by this, 29, raw material can be inputted in the B of guillotine cutting chamber, spring 27 effects of a top movable rolling wheel 28 simultaneously, constantly lifting compresses squeezing to raw material and allows its length guillotine cutting on request, upper and lower rolling wheel 28, it is to rely on to be arranged on this two rolling wheels 28 that 29 rightabout rotates, upper lower sprocket 3 on 29 installation shaft, 4 and chain 21 coordinate driven rotary, the chain 21 of upper sprocket wheel 3 is to connect upper sprocket wheel 3 with these chain 21 circumference internal diameter forms, lower sprocket 4 is the external diameter form connection lower sprockets 4 with same chain 21 circumference, form upper and lower two rolling wheels 28, 29 one-tenth operation principles that rightabout rotates.Upper and lower rolling wheel 28,29, guillotine cutting are to adopt the power motor 23 that a guillotine cutting chamber is used to drive with the rotational power source of rotary head 5 and feeding conveyer belt A, and realize gear (wherein rolling wheel 28,29 gears require high can adopt the electromagnetic adjustable speed motor adjusting rotary speed) through upper lower sprocket 3,4, belt pulley 33, as long as control the material feeding line speed of two rolling wheels 28,29 and the rotating speed of guillotine cutting rotating fly-bar 30, can reach required guillotine cutting length.Utilize fly cutter 30 centrifugal actions on rotary head 5 that the guillotine cutting material is thrown away to guillotine cutting chamber B simultaneously, guillotine cutting discharging opening 8 adopts connection bucket 9 directly to connect pulverizing chamber charging aperture 10, pulverizing chamber C is by upper and lower enclosure 12,13, pulverizing chamber hammer leaf rotor 11 forms, pulverizing chamber hammer leaf rotor 11 is to consist of a pulverizing chamber main shaft 37 and rotor capstan, 2--4 bar hammer pin 36 is installed on the rotor capstan and is distributed on the rotor rotating disk, be equipped with symmetrical some hammer leaf 35 formation hammer leaf groups on hammer pin 36.Semicircular arc screen cloth 14 is installed below pulverizing chamber, the size of screen cloth discharge opening diameter is greater than the process raw material length dimension of guillotine cutting of guillotine cutting chamber B, pulverizing chamber C task is exactly that part material to not being inconsistent the mesh size size supplements hammering and pulverizes, so just greatly reduce the time that hammering is pulverized repeatedly and overcome and pulverized the long stapled difficulty of vegetable material (fiber cuts off), so pulverizing chamber hammer leaf rotor 11 rotating speeds require can be lower than 1/3rd of common pulverizer rotating speed, usually the pulverizer rotating speed requires more than 3800 rev/mins, as long as the machine is below 2500 rev/mins, can reduce the noise produced in the hammering crushing process, namely noise can reduce 25dB, pulverizing chamber C is that power motor 20 by another pulverizing chamber (being the pulverizer assembly) use is by pulverizing chamber belt pulley 34 and (triangle) belt separate transmission, accept after processing is pulverized directly falls into the charging aperture of discharging conveyer belt from semicircular arc screen cloth 14 from blanking port 15.Discharging conveyer belt mechanism 24 adopts chain-type to carry, take reducing motor 16 as power, chain conveyer belt is arranged in U-shaped groove 17, be provided with a vertical blanking port 18 on U-shaped groove 17 tops of discharging conveyer belt mechanism 24, the labor and materials that add that the discharging conveyer belt is promoted fall into charge cask 25, reach the effect of charging voluntarily.This device advantage: be that a kind of multi-functional fungus material cuts up with a hay cutter broken combination machine, but also can be used as cutting machine, pulverizer two functions are used separately, the saving of labor, save time, economize energy consumption, enhance productivity, reduce and avoid environmental pollution, existing pulverizer is all with centrifugal blower, it in pulverizing the discharging process, is the negative-pressure air-flow conveying crushing material produced by centrifugal blower, capital produces the pollution of dust in varying degrees, this device is not established centrifugal blower (there is no the air-flow manufacturing structure), dust concentration (mg/m 3) than Ordinary pulverization machine, reduce more than 70%.Usually pulverizer raw material water content requirement could work lower than 15% (dry raw material), the machine moisture content (does not require drying) and can work yet between 15%~60%, carry out guillotine cutting length because be by the mesh size size, can not produce the phenomenon of sieve screen apertures putty, also can greatly reduce the time of hammering repeatedly, the comparable common hammer crusher of power consumption reduces by 50%, and production efficiency improves 60%, thereby has larger application value.

Claims (2)

1. a production line multifunctional fungous material chopping processing device, it comprises support, Cutting grinder structure with feeding hopper or charging aperture, power set and variable transmission mechanism, it is characterized in that: described Cutting grinder structure is that cutting machine assembly and pulverizing chamber (C) are that the pulverizer assembly is formed by the guillotine cutting chamber (B) independently be arranged on successively on same support, the discharging opening of described guillotine cutting chamber (B) directly is connected with the charging aperture of pulverizing chamber (C) by a connection bucket (9), the labor and materials that add after guillotine cutting chamber (B) guillotine cutting processing processing are under the centrifugal action of rotation lock knife plate (31) together with fly cutter (30), directly get rid of into pulverizing chamber (C) and pulverize by the connection bucket between guillotine cutting chamber and pulverizing chamber (9), be provided with a supporting feeding conveyer belt (A) at the charging aperture place of described guillotine cutting chamber (B) feeding hopper, be provided with a supporting discharging conveyer belt mechanism (24) at the discharging opening place of described pulverizing chamber (C), the other end of this discharging conveyer belt mechanism (24) is that top is furnished with vertical discharging opening (18) and is connected with the charging aperture of charge cask (25), form the multifunctional pipeline processing unit (plant) of streamlined formula with this, there is a semicircular arc screen cloth (14) in the below of described pulverizing chamber (C), below, bottom at this semicircular arc screen cloth (14) has material-falling hopper (15), described material-falling hopper (15) is connected with discharging conveyer belt mechanism (24), during work, the labor and materials that add through pulverizing chamber (C) pulverizing, its discharging is by the interior hammer leaf group of pulverizing chamber (C) (35) turning effort, to add labor and materials from semicircular arc screen cloth (14) under pulverizing chamber (C) after blanking, directly fall into the material-falling hopper (15) that is contained in the screen bottom below and be transported to charge cask (25) by discharging conveyer belt mechanism (24), be provided with the rolling wheel up and down (28 that one group of rightabout rotates at the spout place of described guillotine cutting chamber (B), 29), this upper and lower rolling wheel (28, 29) be equipped with lower sprocket (3, 4) and chain (21), its transmission is by upper lower sprocket (3, 4) and chain (21) driven, the inner periphery of described chain (21) drives upper sprocket wheel (3), the excircle of chain (21) drives lower sprocket (4) and rotates simultaneously, to form upper and lower two rolling wheel both forward and reverse directions, rotate, be furnished with loosening and tightening wheel (22) and regulating spring thereof on chain (21), it is to lean on the regulating spring of loosening and tightening wheel (22) to keep the duty of normal tensioning that upper sprocket wheel (3) during upper rolling wheel (28) lifting keeps coordinating with chain (21).
2. production line multifunctional fungous material chopping processing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described discharging conveyer belt mechanism (24) is sprocket wheel chain driving member in being arranged on a U-shaped groove (17) and is formed as the reducing motor (16) of power.
CN201110094221.6A 2011-04-12 2011-04-12 Assembly line type multifunctional fungus material chopping and crushing processing device Expired - Fee Related CN102284337B (en)

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CN109197187B (en) * 2018-09-21 2021-08-03 青岛绿谷知识产权有限公司 High-efficient straw rubbing crusher

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