CN1918963A - Production method of edible mushroom by using traditional Chinese medicine slag - Google Patents

Production method of edible mushroom by using traditional Chinese medicine slag Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1918963A
CN1918963A CN 200610068623 CN200610068623A CN1918963A CN 1918963 A CN1918963 A CN 1918963A CN 200610068623 CN200610068623 CN 200610068623 CN 200610068623 A CN200610068623 A CN 200610068623A CN 1918963 A CN1918963 A CN 1918963A
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chinese medicine
medicine slag
cultivate
culture medium
edible fungus
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CN 200610068623
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CN100462000C (en
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王永显
丁兴民
江健健
朱一明
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王永显
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Abstract

The invention provides a process for producing edible mushroom cultivation material by utilizing dross of Chinese medicament, which comprises steps of proceeding de-water treatment to fresh medicinal dross to letdown moisture below 12-15%, drying in the sunlight for over 24 hours for ultraviolet light sterilization, proportioning cultivation material from formulation including Chinese medicinal cultivation material, maize cores and calcium lime, finally processing the cultivation material.

Description

Utilize Chinese medicine slag to produce the method for culture medium of edible fungus
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of method of producing culture medium of edible fungus, is a kind of method of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus specifically.
Background technology
In the prior art, adopting cotton seed hulls on the flat mushroom planting habit is cultivate material, and wood destroying fungi tradition such as plantation mushroom use wood chip to be cultivate material.Along with the extreme minimizing of many regional sown areas of cotton and the rapid expansion of edible fungus culturing area, mainly by buying from the other places, price is cumulative year after year trend to cotton seed hulls, and production cost improves; And with the wood chip be the wood decay fungi of cultivate material just like mushroom, Asparagus etc. because raw material is fought in the development of artificial board industry with it, also face the problem that there is lack of raw materials and production cost raises.
How to select for use cheaply culture medium of edible fungus as guaranteeing the mushroom industry sustainable and stable development, reduce production costs, improve cultivation benefit, increase mushroom farming income, become present problem demanding prompt solution.
And at present the production discarded object-Chinese medicine slag of traditional Chinese medicine enterprise can cause environmental pollution, and traditional Chinese medicine enterprise will drop into substantial contribution a large amount of Chinese medicine slags that produce are carried out environmental protection treatment every year.And Chinese medicine slag is difficult for burning because its water content higher (60%~70%), and general processing mode is air storage, and fermentation produces peculiar smell easily, and is very serious to air, environmental pollution, is a difficult problem of garbage disposal.
Chinese medicine slag can be processed processing and be used as culture medium of edible fungus cheaply, solve traditional Chinese medicine enterprise blowdown and problem of environmental pollution simultaneously, this is the common technical tasks of paying close attention to of present people.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is problem, a kind of method of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus is provided, can reduce production costs, improve cultivation benefit at the prior art existence, simultaneously, the environmental pollution that the solution Chinese medicine slag causes and the difficult problem of garbage disposal.
The present invention seeks to be achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of method of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
1, bright Chinese medicine slag is carried out dehydration processing, make moisture be reduced to 12%~15% at least, standby;
When 2, carrying out processing, Chinese medicine slag is tanned by the sun more than 24 hours in advance, carry out ultraviolet light sterilization;
3, cultivate material raw material weight proportioning is:
Chinese medicine slag cultivate material: 70%~90%
Corncob or peanut shell: 9%~30%
Quicklime powder: 1%;
4, cultivate material is handled
A, corncob or peanut hull meal are broken into diameter 3~4mm particle, tan by the sun 20~30 hours with the Chinese medicine slag cultivate material;
B, Chinese medicine slag cultivate material, corncob or peanut shell, quicklime mix, and add water, material-water ratio 1: 0.9~1.1;
C, the cultivate material that mixes is built heap fermentation then, treat that temperature rises to 60~70 ℃ naturally, kept 20~30 hours, turning then 2 times at least so repeatedly, promptly can be used as the culture medium of edible fungus use after the fermentation.
In the said method, used Chinese medicine slag cultivate material is for containing the bits that Chinese medicine extracted of one or more compositions in genseng, date, radix bupleuri, Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd.et WilS, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Chinese herbaceous peony, moutan bark, the dried rhizome of rehmannia, Chinese yam, the cassia bark at least.
In the said method, select a kind of bits of following Chinese medicine at least: bupleurum root decoction, Buzhong Yiqi Tang, Xiao Qinglong Tang, GEGEN TANG, guizhi fuling pill material, Renshen Yangrong Tang, Jiawei Xiaoyao San material, Radix Angelicae Sinensis spoon medicine bulk cargo, Rehmanniae Bolus of Eight Ingredients, Miraculous Power of Ledebouriella material, second word soup.
In the said method, the heap shape of building the heap fermentation is a trapezoidal tapers, and 0.9~1.1 meter of bottom width goes up wide 0.7-0.8 rice, high 0.7~0.9 meter trapezoidal tapers.
In the said method, also comprise pack, inoculation, the cultivate material that ferments added an amount of carbendazim or restrain mould dose mix thoroughly, addition be the medium siccative heavy 0.1%~0.2%, adding suitable quantity of water dissolving back adds in the mode of spraying, turn while spraying, pack is inoculation simultaneously, and inoculum concentration is 12%~16%.
The present invention compared with prior art has many advantages and good effect:
1, turns waste into wealth, reduced production cost
The present invention has successfully realized being the batch production production of the culture medium of edible fungus of main material with the Chinese medicine slag.The discarded object of traditional Chinese medicine enterprise is become the production culture medium of edible fungus, and reduced production cost.
2, improve output, increase productivity effect
Successfully realized adding the batch production production of Chinese medicine slag culture medium of edible fungus, the present invention utilizes the cultivate material price of Chinese medicine slag making well below the traditional cultivation material.Through the assay to the Chinese medicine slag composition, the result shows that it is rich in nutrients such as the required organic matter of suitable edible fungi growth, mineral matter, trace element.Use the cultivate material of adding Chinese medicine slag, can improve edible mushroom output more than 10%.
3, solve pollutant discharge of enterprise and handle, the protection environment
Need not drop into substantial contribution a large amount of Chinese medicine slags that produce are carried out environmental protection treatment, solve Chinese medicine slag and polluted very serious and the difficult problem of its garbage disposal.
Embodiment
Below the inventive method is specified for example:
Embodiment 1: at first, bright Chinese medicine slag carried out dehydration processing, moisture is reduced to below 12%~15%, and standby; Then, when carrying out processing, tan by the sun in advance more than 24 hours, carry out ultraviolet light sterilization; At last,, add other auxiliary material, adopt special process that cultivate material is handled by different prescriptions.
Cultivate material raw material weight proportioning is:
Chinese medicine slag cultivate material: 85%~90%
Corncob or peanut shell: 9-14%
Quicklime powder: 1%.
The cultivate material treatment process is:
A, maize cob meal are broken into diameter 3~4mm particle, tan by the sun 24 hours with the Chinese medicine slag cultivate material;
B, Chinese medicine slag cultivate material, corncob or peanut shell, quicklime mix, and add water, material-water ratio 1: 1;
C, the cultivate material that mixes is built heap fermentation then, heap shape is a trapezoidal tapers, and 1 meter of bottom width is last wide 0.75 meter, high 0.8 meter.Treat that temperature rises to 60~70 ℃ naturally, kept 24 hours that turning then 3 times so repeatedly, promptly can be used as culture medium of edible fungus and uses after the fermentation.
In the said method, used Chinese medicine slag cultivate material is for containing the bits that Chinese medicine extracted of one or more compositions in genseng, date, radix bupleuri, Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd.et WilS, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Chinese herbaceous peony, moutan bark, the dried rhizome of rehmannia, Chinese yam, the cassia bark at least.
In the said method, select a kind of bits of following Chinese medicine at least: bupleurum root decoction, Buzhong Yiqi Tang, Xiao Qinglong Tang, GEGEN TANG, guizhi fuling pill material, Renshen Yangrong Tang, Jiawei Xiaoyao San material, Radix Angelicae Sinensis spoon medicine bulk cargo, Rehmanniae Bolus of Eight Ingredients, Miraculous Power of Ledebouriella material, second word soup.
Embodiment 2 production methods are similar to Example 1, and its cultivate material raw material weight proportioning is:
Chinese medicine slag cultivate material: 70%~75%
Corncob or peanut shell: 25%~30%
Quicklime powder: 1%.
Below for adopting the raw material fermentation mode of production to carry out the example that flat mushroom is produced:
1, pack, inoculation
To add an amount of carbendazim with the cultivate material that said method ferments or restrain mould dose and mix thoroughly, addition be the medium siccative heavy 0.1%~0.2%, add suitable quantity of water dissolving back and add in the mode of spraying, turn while spraying.
Adopt standard folding footpath 25cm, the length 55cm bacterium bag of conventional production usefulness, every bag is added the material 2.5kg that gives money as a gift, and pack is inoculation simultaneously, and inoculum concentration is 12~16%.
2, send out bacterium
Send out bacterium chamber (field) and want dry, with fresh air, temperature is controlled at 20~27 ℃.The single repeatedly mode of heap of bacterium bag employing is discharged, and also can discharge by " well " font, and one deck lime is spread on the face of land, makes the interior temperature of material be no more than 30 ℃ as far as possible.Surpass 30 ℃ of heaps that will in time loose, and ventilation is lowered the temperature in time.Try one's best and keep dark in cultural hypha chamber (field).Inoculate and want diligent the inspection in back 10 days, discovery infectious bacteria bag will in time be sorted out processing.The bacterium bag also can be taken the bedstead discharging except that being emitted on ground, can make full use of the space.About 50 centimetres of the distances of bedstead layer and interlayer, the passageway is 70~80 centimetres between bedstead.After 15 days barrel is up and down transferred heap, check mycelia material feeding situation, generally cover with whole composts or fertilisers of cultivating through 20~25 days left and right sides mycelia.
3, fruiting
After mycelia is covered with full bag, fruiting or move fruiting place fruiting on the spot.During fruiting, originally discharged should discharging again of comparatively dense on the spot, row conveniently is standard with row-to-row distance to pluck.To give certain scattered light before the fruiting, increase and ventilate, suitably increase the day and night temperature difference, increase relative air humidity, thus the formation of stimulon entity.
Temperature control: flat mushroom is the solid mushroom of poecilothermia, and alternating temperature stimulates the formation that helps mushroom carpophore, and day and night temperature is pulled to 6~10 ℃, stimulates fruiting.After original hase formed, temperature was controlled at 15~24 ℃, promoted sporophore growth.
Humidity control: suitable relative air humidity is the essential condition that fruit body formation and normal development obtain high yield.General relative air humidity is advisable with about 65%.Different times water spray mode and injection flow rate are different, and fruit body forms the initial stage based on the space spraying humidification, repeatedly to be advisable on a small quantity, keep ground moistening.When the fruit body cap grows to diameter more than 3 centimetres the time mostly, can be sprayed directly on on the mushroom body, it is about 80%, 85% best that relative air humidity is not lower than.After having adopted a damp mushroom, stop to spray water about 3 days, spray water the formation that stimulates a new damp mushroom then again.
Illumination control: the formation of mushroom carpophore must have the stimulation of light, after mycelia is covered with the bacterium bag, give suitable scattered light, but can not the sunlight direct projection.Dark environment or light too a little less than, fruit body is difficult to form, even formed, the growth of fruit body is also usually undesired, has a strong impact on yield and quality, gets final product with the light that can read newspaper usually.
Ventilation: fruit body forms and growth and development stage needs enough oxygen, must strengthen ventilation.Guaranteeing to increase ventilation under the only low situation of air humidity as far as possible.Ventilation not only helps the formation and the growth of fruit body, can reduce the pollution of assorted bacterium simultaneously.
Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not to be restriction to invention, the present invention also be not limited to above-mentioned for example, those skilled in the art, in essential scope of the present invention, the variation of making, remodeling, interpolation or replacement all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of method of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
1, bright Chinese medicine slag is carried out dehydration processing, make moisture be reduced to 12%~15% at least, standby;
When 2, carrying out processing, Chinese medicine slag is tanned by the sun more than 24 hours in advance, carry out ultraviolet light sterilization;
3, cultivate material raw material weight proportioning is:
Chinese medicine slag cultivate material: 70%~90%
Corncob or peanut shell: 9%~30%
Quicklime powder: 1%;
4, cultivate material is handled
A, corncob or peanut hull meal are broken into diameter 3~4mm particle, tan by the sun 20~30 hours with the Chinese medicine slag cultivate material;
B, Chinese medicine slag cultivate material, corncob or peanut shell, quicklime mix, and add water, material-water ratio 1: 0.9~1.1;
C, the cultivate material that mixes is built heap fermentation then, treat that temperature rises to 60~70 ℃ naturally, kept 20~30 hours, turning then 2 times at least so repeatedly, promptly can be used as the culture medium of edible fungus use after the fermentation.
2, according to the described method of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus of claim 1, it is characterized in that: used Chinese medicine slag cultivate material is for containing the bits that Chinese medicine extracted of one or more compositions in genseng, date, radix bupleuri, Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd.et WilS, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Chinese herbaceous peony, moutan bark, the dried rhizome of rehmannia, Chinese yam, the cassia bark at least.
3, according to the described method of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the said method, select a kind of bits of following Chinese medicine at least: bupleurum root decoction, Buzhong Yiqi Tang, Xiao Qinglong Tang, GEGEN TANG, guizhi fuling pill material, Renshen Yangrong Tang, Jiawei Xiaoyao San material, Radix Angelicae Sinensis spoon medicine bulk cargo, Rehmanniae Bolus of Eight Ingredients, Miraculous Power of Ledebouriella material, second word soup.
4, according to claim 1 or the 2 described methods of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus, it is characterized in that: the heap shape of building the heap fermentation is a trapezoidal tapers, and 0.9~1.1 meter of bottom width goes up wide 0.7-0.8 rice, high 0.7~0.9 meter trapezoidal tapers.
5, according to each described method of utilizing Chinese medicine slag to produce culture medium of edible fungus of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: also comprise pack, inoculation, the cultivate material that ferments added an amount of carbendazim or restrain mould dose mix thoroughly, addition be the medium siccative heavy 0.1%~0.2%, adding suitable quantity of water dissolving back adds in the mode of spraying, turn while spraying, pack is inoculation simultaneously, and inoculum concentration is 12%~16%.
CNB2006100686238A 2006-08-31 2006-08-31 Production method of edible mushroom by using traditional Chinese medicine slag Expired - Fee Related CN100462000C (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101220562B (en) * 2007-11-23 2010-06-09 东华大学 Chinese medicine slag filling non woven composite material and preparation thereof
CN101941861A (en) * 2010-09-15 2011-01-12 吉林省农业科学院 Composite biogas residue sandwiched nutrient medium block and processing method thereof
CN102187782A (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-09-21 德阳市食用菌专家大院 Method for culturing lucid ganoderma by using culture medium containing non-medicinal parts of Chinese medicinal materials
CN102265752A (en) * 2011-04-23 2011-12-07 林范亮 Cultivation method of lucid ganoderma for reducing blood sugar
CN102276299A (en) * 2011-05-26 2011-12-14 桑德环境资源股份有限公司 Kitchen garbage treatment method
CN102523928A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 广东省微生物研究所 Method for culturing lucid ganoderma by using oral liquid dregs
CN103183561A (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-07-03 宽甸满族自治县富泽食品果菜有限公司 Culture medium suitable for pleurotus eryngii production
CN103250555A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-21 东至林野生态种植中心 Cultivating method for health care mushroom with Chinese angelica
CN103483074A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-01 遵义师范学院 Edible mushroom culture material and production method thereof
CN103636409A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-03-19 齐鲁工业大学 Comprehensive utilization method for red paeony root offscum and xylitol residue
CN103931420A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-07-23 杭州市农业科学研究院 Method for cultivating phellinus igniarius
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CN104311295A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-28 洛阳祥和牡丹科技有限公司 Edible fungus culture substrate containing peony seed shells and preparation method of edible fungus culture substrate
CN104541961A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-29 杭州千岛湖沪阳农业开发有限公司 Edible fungus cultivating method utilizing LED (light emitting diode) lamp
CN104774109A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-15 十堰市农业科学院 Black fungus substitute material containing polygonum cuspidatum residues and preparation method of black fungus substitute material
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CN104909940A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-16 兴安县铭晖食用菌种植有限公司 Culture medium for cultivating auricularia auricula-judae
CN105693402A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-22 东莞市合心生物科技有限公司 Hypsizigus marmoreus culture medium and culture method
CN107434559A (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-12-05 桂林宏泰养殖农民专业合作社 The long root mushroom high-yield culturing material that a kind of corncob pueraria root residue is configured to
CN108002877A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-05-08 贵州大学 A kind of culture medium and its cultural method using the slag for cultivating oyster mushroom that ends
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CN109042079A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-21 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of culture base-material for cultivating oyster mushroom
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CN109076883A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-25 重庆市药物种植研究所 A kind of liquid spawn-solid state cultivation kind cultural method of the rotten edible mushroom of grass

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CN101220562B (en) * 2007-11-23 2010-06-09 东华大学 Chinese medicine slag filling non woven composite material and preparation thereof
CN102187782A (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-09-21 德阳市食用菌专家大院 Method for culturing lucid ganoderma by using culture medium containing non-medicinal parts of Chinese medicinal materials
CN101941861A (en) * 2010-09-15 2011-01-12 吉林省农业科学院 Composite biogas residue sandwiched nutrient medium block and processing method thereof
CN102265752B (en) * 2011-04-23 2013-05-08 林范亮 Cultivation method of lucid ganoderma for reducing blood sugar
CN102265752A (en) * 2011-04-23 2011-12-07 林范亮 Cultivation method of lucid ganoderma for reducing blood sugar
CN102276299A (en) * 2011-05-26 2011-12-14 桑德环境资源股份有限公司 Kitchen garbage treatment method
CN103183561A (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-07-03 宽甸满族自治县富泽食品果菜有限公司 Culture medium suitable for pleurotus eryngii production
CN102523928A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 广东省微生物研究所 Method for culturing lucid ganoderma by using oral liquid dregs
CN103250555A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-21 东至林野生态种植中心 Cultivating method for health care mushroom with Chinese angelica
CN103483074B (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-03-18 遵义师范学院 Edible mushroom culture material and production method thereof
CN103483074A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-01 遵义师范学院 Edible mushroom culture material and production method thereof
CN103636409B (en) * 2013-12-24 2015-06-17 齐鲁工业大学 Comprehensive utilization method for red paeony root offscum and xylitol residue
CN103636409A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-03-19 齐鲁工业大学 Comprehensive utilization method for red paeony root offscum and xylitol residue
CN103931420A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-07-23 杭州市农业科学研究院 Method for cultivating phellinus igniarius
CN103931420B (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-09-07 杭州市农业科学研究院 A kind of cultural method of Phellinus
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CN107434559A (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-12-05 桂林宏泰养殖农民专业合作社 The long root mushroom high-yield culturing material that a kind of corncob pueraria root residue is configured to
CN108002877A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-05-08 贵州大学 A kind of culture medium and its cultural method using the slag for cultivating oyster mushroom that ends
CN108401785A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-08-17 吴碧云 A kind of needle mushroom nutrient special and preparation method thereof
CN109076883A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-25 重庆市药物种植研究所 A kind of liquid spawn-solid state cultivation kind cultural method of the rotten edible mushroom of grass
CN109042079A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-21 安徽铜草花现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of culture base-material for cultivating oyster mushroom
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