CN1261035C - Portunid compound feed of intensitying crab paste quality - Google Patents

Portunid compound feed of intensitying crab paste quality Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1261035C
CN1261035C CNB2004100184406A CN200410018440A CN1261035C CN 1261035 C CN1261035 C CN 1261035C CN B2004100184406 A CNB2004100184406 A CN B2004100184406A CN 200410018440 A CN200410018440 A CN 200410018440A CN 1261035 C CN1261035 C CN 1261035C
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China
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quality
crab
feed
swimming
shrimp
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CNB2004100184406A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1579204A (en
Inventor
段青源
麦康森
申徒基康
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宁波市水产研究所
中国海洋大学
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Priority to CNB2004100184406A priority Critical patent/CN1261035C/en
Publication of CN1579204A publication Critical patent/CN1579204A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention provides a compound feed for intensifying the spawn quality of portunids. The feed has the components of the following proportion: 30 to 40% of high quality red fish meal, 15 to 20% of soybean meal, 3 to 5% of beer yeast, 1.0 to 2% of high quality fish oil, 1 to 2% of vegetable oil, 20 to 25% of high elastic flour, 6 to 10% of shrimp head powder, 1 to 2% of lecithin, 0.3 to 0.5% of compound vitamin, 0.5 to 1% of compound mineral substances, 0.3 to 0.5% of choline chloride and 0.1 to 0.3% of shelled elements, and 0.03 to 0.1 portion of carotinoid can be added to the feed during a growing period in order to further enhance the quality of spawns. The feed of the present invention has the advantages of high efficiency, high survival rate, favorable growth and fullness of the portunids, and high quality of the spawns which are similar to that of wild crabs. The portunids can grow fast via a practical proof, the feed has a coefficient which is less than 1.6, and the quality of the spawns are similar to that of the wild crabs.

Description

A kind of swimming crab mixed feed of strengthening crab cream quality
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquatic livestock nutrition and field of feed, is the serial artifical compound feed that is used for the strengthened crab cream quality of swimming crab aquaculture specifically.
Background technology
Swimming crab is a kind of unique flavor, nutritious senior marine product, and is very popular.Because the minimizing of natural resources, its price is more and more higher, in recent years the coastal breed swimming crab upsurge that occurred of China.All the time, swimming crab is cultured general bright assorted small fish, little spiral shell, shrimp and the eel feed used for supporting the crab feed.Low, the waste resource of cost height, feed efficiency is so also polluted breeding environment, disease takes place frequently, and it is not high to cause medicine to use, culture survival rate in a large number.Therefore, the nutritional need of research swimming crab, exploitation high-efficiency artificial feed becomes one of key technology of swimming crab aquaculture development.The swimming crab feed of high-quality should possess following condition: balanced in nutrition, good palatability, feed efficiency height, crab survival rate height, growth are fast.Though the someone has carried out the prescription screening study of artifical compound feed, and has obtained some actual effects, feed coefficient is higher, reaches more than 2.In addition, the color of crab cream and coefficient of condition are the key factors that influences the swimming crab price, but existing cultural technique remains deficiency at aspects such as crab cream color and coefficient of condition, is further improved.We study mensuration, a value that the swimming crab crab cream of the small fish of throwing something and feeding is Chinese red only 18.87, and wild crab crab cream is 36.22, has significant difference.
Summary of the invention
First purpose of the present invention is on the basis of research swimming crab eating habit and nutritional need, provides that a kind of feed coefficient is low, swimming crab survival rate height, crab cream swimming crab mixed feed of good quality.
Second purpose of the present invention be research swimming crab sexual gland pigment form and the basis of metabolism of pigment rule on, provide a kind of crab cream quality and wild crab crab cream of making same or analogous, promptly tool is further strengthened the swimming crab mixed feed of crab cream quality function.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted: the swimming crab mixed feed of reinforcement crab cream quality of the present invention, the weight of each component consists of in its feed formula: high-quality red fish meal 32~40%, big dregs of beans 15~20%, brewer's yeast 3~5%, high-quality fish oil 1.0~2%, vegetable oil 1~2%, Strong flour 20~25%, shrimp head powder 6~10%, lecithin 1~2%, B B-complex 0.3~0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5~1%, Choline Chloride 0.3~0.5%, shrimp crab shelling plain 0.1~0.3%.Concrete proportioning can be according to the nutritional need characteristics of the different growing stages of swimming crab, in above-mentioned scope prescription are adjusted and form a prescription series.
The preferred weight of each component consists of in the prescription of swimming crab mixed feed of the present invention: high-quality red fish meal 36~40%, big dregs of beans 18~20%, brewer's yeast 3~5%, high-quality fish oil 1.0~1.2%, vegetable oil 1.0~1.2%, Strong flour 22.5~25%, shrimp head powder 8~9%, lecithin 1~1.3%, B B-complex 0.3~0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5~0.7%, Choline Chloride 0.4~0.5%, shrimp crab shelling plain 0.1~0.3%.
Be applicable to that the weight of forming each component the best in the mixed feed that uses early stage consists of: high-quality red fish meal 40%, big dregs of beans 20%, brewer's yeast 5%, high-quality fish oil 1.0%, vegetable oil 1.0%, Strong flour 22.5%, shrimp head powder 8%, lecithin 1%, B B-complex 0.3%, composite mineral matter 0.5%, Choline Chloride 0.5%, shrimp crab shelling plain 0.2%.
Adopt the crab cream quality of the swimming crab that mixed feed of the present invention cultures more excellent for making, especially crab cream color is more excellent, even with the approaching quality level that reaches wild crab, also be added with the carotenoid or derivatives thereof that accounts for feed formula gross weight 0.03~0.1% in the feed formula, promptly when making the swimming crab mixed feed, evenly be added with the carotenoid or derivatives thereof that accounts for feed formula gross weight 0.03~0.1% and strengthen.But take all factors into consideration strengthening effect and feeding cost, the addition of carotenoid or derivatives thereof is advisable with 0.04~0.06%, and optimum addition is 0.05%.
Compared with prior art, product of the present invention has following advantage: feed nutrition equilibrium, good palatability, feed efficiency height, crab survival rate height, growth is fast, coefficient of condition is good, crab cream coefficient of condition becomes chromogenic indicator good with color etc., especially after adopting carotenoid etc. further to strengthen, even crab cream color can be near the level that reach wild crab.And can keep good water quality, reduce the generation of disease.Facts have proved the swimming crab growth rapidly, feed coefficient is below 1.6, and the crab cream of culturing swimming crab has and the similar or identical Chinese red of wild crab crab cream, and crab cream quality and coefficient of condition are near wild crab.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment one
With 40kg high-quality red fish meal, the big dregs of beans of 20kg, the 5kg brewer's yeast, the 8kg shrimp head powder is pulverized respectively, and adding 22.5kg Strong flour, 1kg lecithin, 0.3kg B B-complex, 0.5kg composite mineral matter, 0.2kg the shelling of shrimp crab is plain, 0.5kg Choline Chloride mixes, carry out pulverizing the second time back and cross 80 mesh sieves, spray into 1kg fish oil, the 1kg soybean oil, after fully mixing, can take normal pressure grit technology or take expanded heavy property particle technology to granulate, make the swimming crab mixed feed after the drying, the feed granules of making should reach more than 3 hours at water stability.If need to strengthen crab cream quality, then in the mixed feed of mature stage, add carotenoid 0.05kg.We culture the sea area in August, 2003 in the Ningbo Xiangshan Bay, adopt the net cage cage, the experiment crab is the swimming crab of artificial propagation, the heavy 45g of average crab, carry out 120 days culture experiment by a definite date, in the experiment crab cream quality is strengthened, concrete grammar is for throwing something and feeding the mixed feed strengthened continuously about 2 months, till swimming crab does not ingest substantially after mating season.The result is, average growth rate 345.8%, feed coefficient be below 1.6, average survival 62%, and a value of crab cream quality reaches 27.7% (Minolta CR-200 color difference meter), and crab cream quality and coefficient of condition are near wild swimming crab.
Embodiment two
36kg high-quality red fish meal, the big dregs of beans of 20kg, 3kg brewer's yeast, 9kg shrimp head powder are pulverized respectively, and add that 25kg Strong flour, 2kg lecithin, 0.5kg B B-complex, 0.9kg composite mineral matter, the shelling of 0.3kg shrimp crab are plain, the 0.3kg Choline Chloride mixes, carry out pulverizing the second time back and cross 80 mesh sieves, spray into 2kg fish oil, 1kg soybean oil, by high temperature, high-pressure extrusion mechanism grain, make the swimming crab mixed feed after the drying.If need to strengthen crab cream quality, then in the mixed feed of mature stage, add carotenoid 0.04kg.Crab cream quality is strengthened the mixed feed of employing to throw something and feed and to strengthen, a small amount of fresh and alive shell of alternately throwing something and feeding simultaneously.
Embodiment three
40kg high-quality red fish meal, the big dregs of beans of 15kg, 4.4kg brewer's yeast, 10kg shrimp head powder are pulverized respectively, and add that 25kg Strong flour, 1.3kg lecithin, 0.4kg B B-complex, 0.7kg composite mineral matter, the shelling of 0.2kg shrimp crab are plain, the 0.4kg Choline Chloride mixes, carry out pulverizing the second time back and cross 80 mesh sieves, spray into 1.2kg fish oil, 1.2kg soybean oil, by high temperature, high-pressure extrusion mechanism grain, make the swimming crab mixed feed after the drying.If need to strengthen crab cream quality, then in the mixed feed of mature stage, add carotenoid 0.06kg.
Embodiment four
32kg high-quality red fish meal, the big dregs of beans of 20kg, 5kg brewer's yeast, 10kg shrimp head powder are pulverized respectively, and add that 25kg Strong flour, 2kg lecithin, 0.5kg B B-complex, 1.0kg composite mineral matter, the shelling of 0.2kg shrimp crab are plain, the 0.3kg Choline Chloride mixes, carry out pulverizing the second time back and cross 80 mesh sieves, spray into 2kg fish oil, 2kg soybean oil, by high temperature, high-pressure extrusion mechanism grain, make the swimming crab mixed feed after the drying.If need to strengthen crab cream quality, then in the mixed feed of mature stage, add the derivative 0.05kg of carotenoid.
Embodiment five
40kg high-quality red fish meal, the big dregs of beans of 18kg, 4kg brewer's yeast, 10kg shrimp head powder are pulverized respectively, and add that 20kg Strong flour, 2kg lecithin, 0.5kg B B-complex, 1.0kg composite mineral matter, the shelling of 0.2kg shrimp crab are plain, the 0.3kg Choline Chloride mixes, carry out pulverizing the second time back and cross 80 mesh sieves, spray into 2kg fish oil, 2g soybean oil, by high temperature, high-pressure extrusion mechanism grain, make the swimming crab mixed feed after the drying.If need to strengthen crab cream quality, then in the mixed feed of mature stage, add carotenoid 0.1kg.
Embodiment six
40kg high-quality red fish meal, the big dregs of beans of 19kg, 5kg brewer's yeast, 6kg shrimp head powder are pulverized respectively, and add that 24kg Strong flour, 2kg lecithin, 0.5kg B B-complex, 1.0kg composite mineral matter, the shelling of 0.1kg shrimp crab are plain, the 0.3kg Choline Chloride mixes, carry out pulverizing the second time back and cross 80 mesh sieves, spray into 1kg fish oil, 1.1g soybean oil, by high temperature, high-pressure extrusion mechanism grain, make the swimming crab mixed feed after the drying.If need to strengthen crab cream quality, then in the mixed feed of mature stage, add carotenoid 0.03kg.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of swimming crab mixed feed of strengthening crab cream quality is characterized in that the weight of each component in this feed formula consists of: high-quality red fish meal 32~40%, big dregs of beans 15~20%, brewer's yeast 3~5%, high-quality fish oil 1.0~2%, vegetable oil 1~2%, Strong flour 20~25%, shrimp head powder 6~10%, lecithin 1~2%, B B-complex 0.3~0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5~1%, Choline Chloride 0.3~0.5%, shrimp crab shelling plain 0.1~0.3%.
2, the swimming crab mixed feed of reinforcement crab cream quality according to claim 1, the weight that it is characterized in that each component in this feed formula consists of: high-quality red fish meal 36~40%, big dregs of beans 18~20%, brewer's yeast 3~5%, high-quality fish oil 1.0~1.2%, vegetable oil 1.0~1.2%, Strong flour 22.5~25%, shrimp head powder 8~9%, lecithin 1~1.3%, B B-complex 0.3~0.5%, composite mineral matter 0.5~0.7%, Choline Chloride 0.4~0.5%, shrimp crab shelling plain 0.1~0.3%.
3, the swimming crab mixed feed of reinforcement crab cream quality according to claim 1 is characterized in that the weight of each component in this feed formula consists of: high-quality red fish meal 40%, big dregs of beans 20%, brewer's yeast 5%, high-quality fish oil 1.0%, vegetable oil 1.0%, Strong flour 22.5%, shrimp head powder 8%, lecithin 1%, B B-complex 0.3%, composite mineral matter 0.5%, Choline Chloride 0.5%, shrimp crab shelling plain 0.2%.
4, according to the swimming crab mixed feed of claim 1 or 2 or 3 described reinforcement crab cream quality, it is characterized in that also being added with in the described feed formula carotenoid or derivatives thereof that accounts for feed formula gross weight 0.03~0.1%.
5, the swimming crab mixed feed of reinforcement crab cream quality according to claim 4, the addition that it is characterized in that described carotenoid or derivatives thereof is 0.04~0.06%.
6, the swimming crab mixed feed of reinforcement crab cream quality according to claim 4, the addition that it is characterized in that described carotenoid or derivatives thereof is 0.05%.
CNB2004100184406A 2004-05-18 2004-05-18 Portunid compound feed of intensitying crab paste quality CN1261035C (en)

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Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100361597C (en) * 2006-01-23 2008-01-16 缪淑华 Ecological and nutritious mixing feed for 'doukou' crab
CN100463608C (en) * 2006-05-09 2009-02-25 广东恒兴集团有限公司 A compound feed for improving meat quality of cultured Litopenaeus. vannamei
CN101002597B (en) * 2007-01-17 2011-04-13 福建天马饲料有限公司 Puffed, granulated compounding feed for grown golden pomfret
CN101779751B (en) * 2010-04-08 2013-12-18 河北农业大学 Stichopus japonicus compound feed
CN102058037B (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-12-26 王家璇 Fish feed capable of realizing color-enhancing and brightening of spectacular fish
CN102038110B (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-10-24 宁波大学 Compound feed of young scylla paramemosain and preparation method thereof
CN102090534B (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-07-25 宁波大学 Parent scylla paramamosain compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN102018153A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-04-20 宁波海川水产饲料有限公司 Feed for portunus trituberculatus miers
CN102178119A (en) * 2011-05-26 2011-09-14 山西大学 Feed for shrimps and crabs and preparation method thereof
CN103053841B (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-08-20 宁波红龙生物科技有限公司 Feed for facilitating swimming crabs to breed red cream and preparation method of feed
CN103082151B (en) * 2013-02-04 2014-05-28 上海农好饲料有限公司 Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed and its preparation method
CN105767604A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-07-20 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Feed capable of improving quality of crab cream
CN106538886A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-03-29 广西大学 A kind of feedstuff of the phase that shells suitable for crab

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Address after: 315010 No. 50, Lane 8, three City Road, Ningbo, Zhejiang Fishery product quality quarantine station of Fisheries Research Institute

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Address before: 315010 No. 50, Lane 8, three City Road, Ningbo, Zhejiang Fishery product quality quarantine station of Fisheries Research Institute

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