CN103082151B - Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed and its preparation method - Google Patents

Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed and its preparation method Download PDF

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CN103082151B
CN103082151B CN201310044096.7A CN201310044096A CN103082151B CN 103082151 B CN103082151 B CN 103082151B CN 201310044096 A CN201310044096 A CN 201310044096A CN 103082151 B CN103082151 B CN 103082151B
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kilograms
kilogram
fish
meal
portunus trituberculatus
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CN201310044096.7A
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CN103082151A (en
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潘明官
许培玉
周恒永
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上海农好饲料有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed and its preparation method. 1000kg of the compound feed comprises 60kg of dephenolized cottonseed proteins, 20kg of spray-dried animal blood cells, 130-170kg of concentrated soybean proteins, 130-150kg of rice protein powder, 90-110kg of surimi proteins, 20kg of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 130kg of peanut meal, 30kg of shrimp shell meal, 220.55kg of wheat flour, 35kg of rice bran, 20kg of phosphatide oil, 20kg of fish oil, 5kg of trace elements, 2.5kg of betaine, 3kg of salt, 1.75kg of multiple vitamins, 1kg of choline chloride, 0.5kg of L-carnitine, 0.5kg of a mildew inhibitor, 40kg of bentonite and 0.2kg of ethoxyquin. The Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed solves the high cultivation cost problem of Portunus trituberculatus, and realizes the feed cost invest minimization and the benefit maximization.

Description

A kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without meal compound feed and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers without meal compound feed and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Portunus trituberculatus Miers, is commonly called as swimming crab, Blue Swimming Crab, and meat is many, fat grossness, and delicious, nutritious, be a kind of famous large-scale marine products parton.In recent years, due to the variation of marine fishery resources structure, swimming crab natural resources sharply fails, and rapid rise is propagated in commodity value multiplication artificially, because of its growth rapidly, cultivate lucratively, become the important breed variety in Chinse Coastal Area.But Portunus trituberculatus Miers is fed by containing the artifical compound feed of fish meal at high proportion always for a long time, and the raiser who even has is the object that reaches Portunus trituberculatus fast-growth, directly throws something and feeds with chilled, live bait.Domesticly every year all to consume a large amount of fish meal and small fish for the production of Portunus trituberculatus Miers feed.And along with the development of aquatic products industry rapid expanding formula, China in recent ten years fish meal demand progressively rises year after year, the simple fish meal that relies on, difficultly meet aquatic products industry and develop the demand to fish meal, fish meal price rises year by year, reach a record high, this high fish meal formula technique and the mode of production cause raiser's aquaculture cost higher, and economic benefit is on the low side.And along with the shortage of global fish meal resource, this fish-meal at high proportion will become the great bottleneck of Portunus trituberculatus Miers industry development, seek other protein sources Peru Fish Dietaries cheap and that source is abundant and become a kind of essential.

In prior art, in Pelletized Feed For Swimming Crab Portunus Trituberculatus, generally contain following substances (in every 1000 kilograms): 250~300 kilograms of imported fish meals, 200~250 kilograms, flour, 46% 150~170 kilograms of dregs of beans (described percentage is the mass percent that the protein in dregs of beans accounts for dregs of beans), 20~40 kilograms of corn protein powders, 110~140 kilograms of peanut meals, 30~50 kilograms of cotton dregs, 10~30 kilograms of brewer's yeasts, 10~30 kilograms of cuttlefish cream, 20 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 5~15 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 10~20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 10~20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.0 kilograms of betaines, 2 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 30 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to have overcome Portunus trituberculatus Miers in prior art to use mixed feed aquaculture cost higher, the defect that economic benefit is on the low side, provide a kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers without meal compound feed and preparation method thereof, replace and contain the Pelletized Feed For Swimming Crab Portunus Trituberculatus of fish meal at high proportion with conventional raw material, solve high, strong to the fish meal dependence problem of Portunus trituberculatus Miers aquaculture cost, realize feed cost and drop into minimized, maximizing the benefits.

A kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention is without meal compound feed, in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 130~170 kilograms of FSPCs, 130~150 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry of fish protein 90~110 kilogram, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

In the present invention, described dephenolization cottonseed protein refers to the feed dephenolization cottonseed protein described in the routine of this area, for the accessory substance after cottonseed processing cottonseed, remove wherein gossypol and obtain with low temperature detoxification technology, main component is generally: crude protein 50%~55%, coarse ash 6.5%~8.0%, group fiber 6%~9%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described globulin powder refers to the feed globulin powder described in the routine of this area, and main component is generally: crude protein 88%~92%, crude fat <2%, coarse ash <10%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described FSPC refers to the feed FSPC described in the routine of this area, is to remove after water-soluble or the non-protein part of alcohol dissolubility with high-quality dregs of beans prepared soy protein products.Main component is generally: crude protein 65%~70%, and crude fat <0.8%, coarse ash <6%, group fiber <4%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described rice protein powder refers to the feed rice protein powder described in the routine of this area, it is the accessory substance of producing rice starch, main component is generally: crude protein 65%~75%, crude fat <6%, coarse ash <4%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, the molten slurry albumen of described fish is the accessory substance while producing fish meal, and main feature is rich in oligopeptide, nucleic acid and other growth factors, contains extremely strong taste with sweet and sour flavor, and attractant palatability is good especially.Main component is generally: crude protein 60%~70%, and coarse ash 2%~3%, crude fat 2%~4%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described calcium dihydrogen phosphate is the feed calcium dihydrogen phosphate described in the routine of this area, general calcium content 16%, and phosphorus content 21%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described peanut meal is the feed peanut meal described in the routine of this area, generally refers to that extracting peanut extracts the accessory substance after peanut oil.Main component is generally: crude protein 45~48%, and coarse ash <7.0%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described shrimp shell meal is the feed shrimp shell meal described in the routine of this area, generally refers to the accessory substance after processing peeled shrimp.Main component is generally: crude protein 30~32%, and coarse ash <40.0%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described wheat flour is the feed wheat flour described in the routine of this area, generally refers to the wheat flour extracting after wheat bran.Main component is generally: crude protein 11~14%, and coarse ash <1.2%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described rice bran refers to the conventional feed rice bran using in this area, the accessory substance during for paddy processing rice, main component is generally: crude protein 12%~13.5%, crude fat 10%~18%, coarse ash 5%~9%, group fiber 6%~9%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described phosphatide oil is the feed phosphatide oil described in the routine of this area, is the product extracting the oil foot from producing soybean oil.General content of phospholipid is 65%, and percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described fish oil is the feed fish oil described in the routine of this area, and main component is generally: crude fat >99%, and moisture <1%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described trace element is the trace element described in the routine of this area, generally by ferrous sulfate monohydrate, and monohydrate zinc sulphate, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, manganese sulfate monohydrate, calcium iodate diluent, sodium selenite diluent composition.In trace element, each element index is: iron 8000ppm, zinc 5000ppm, copper 300ppm, manganese 1000ppm, iodine 200ppm and selenium 40ppm.

In the present invention, described betaine is the feed garden beet alkali described in the routine of this area, is generally betaine 98%, and percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described salt can be the fodder salt described in the routine of this area.

In the present invention, described multidimensional is the multidimensional described in the routine of this area, refers generally to be designated as contain vitamin A 5700000IU/kg, vitamin D 31400000IU/kg, vitamin E 57000IU/kg, vitamin K 310700mg/kg, Cobastab 16850mg/kg, Cobastab 211400mg/kg, Cobastab 611200mg/kg, Cobastab 1228.5mg/kg, pantothenic acid 25200mg/kg, nicotinic acid 34200mg/kg, folic acid 2170mg/kg, V c100000mg/kg, inositol 142000mg/kg, and biotin 114mg/kg.

In the present invention, described Choline Chloride is the feed Choline Chloride described in the routine of this area, is generally Choline Chloride 50%, and percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described l-cn is the feed l-cn described in the routine of this area, and general content is 20%, and percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described mould inhibitor can be the existing mould inhibitor in this area.

In the present invention, described bentonite refers to the conventional feed bentonite using in this area.Leading indicator is generally: moisture <10%, percentage is mass percent.

In the present invention, described ethoxyquinoline is the antioxidant described in the routine of this area, and general content is 60%, and percentage is mass percent.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention is without also containing conventional various other additives that add in this area in meal compound feed, as long as it does not significantly affect Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention without meal compound feed effect.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention is specially adapted to Portunus trituberculatus Miers without meal compound feed and uses, and uses applicable to Eriocheir sinensis.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention is without meal compound feed one preferred embodiments, in 1000 kilograms its contain following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 170 kilograms of FSPCs, 130 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry protein 90 kilogram of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention is without the another preferred embodiments of meal compound feed, in 1000 kilograms, it contains following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 150 kilograms of FSPCs, 140 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 10 of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention is without another preferred embodiments of meal compound feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 130 kilograms of FSPCs, 150 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 11 of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention is without a meal compound feed preferred embodiments again, in 1000 kilograms its contain following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 140 kilograms of FSPCs, 145 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry albumen of fish 105 kg, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention can be prepared by this area conventional method without meal compound feed, preferably comprise the steps, trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, multidimensional, betaine, l-cn, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline, bentonite are mixed by formula, make little feed additives, FSPC, rice protein powder, dephenolization cottonseed protein, globulin powder, wheat flour, the molten slurry albumen of fish, peanut meal, shrimp shell meal, rice bran, calcium dihydrogen phosphate evenly mix as large raw material, then mix ultramicro grinding afterwards with little feed additives.Mix with phosphatide oil, fish oil by formula again, and add steam carry out modified, granulate, post curing, after post curing, enter cooling tower cooling fast.

Wherein, preferably, described large raw material mixes in primary mixer; Better, described large raw material enters in described primary mixer by computer automatic blending.

Wherein, preferably, described ultramicro grinding is carried out in micronizer; The fineness of described ultramicro grinding is more than 95% raw material reaches 80 orders; Described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for raw material.

Wherein, preferably, being evenly blended in second drum mixer after described ultramicro grinding carried out.

Wherein, preferably, described modified temperature is 90 ~ 95 ℃.

Wherein, preferably, described granulation is carried out in granulator.

Wherein, preferably, described post curing is to carry out in post curing device; The temperature of described post curing is more than 95 ℃; The time of described post curing is 30 minutes.

Wherein, preferably, described cooling tower is counterflow cooling tower.

Wherein, preferably, described quick cooling rear Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without the material temperature of meal compound feed and the room temperature temperature difference in 5 ℃, and moisture drops to below 10%, and percentage is mass percent.

Wherein, after described Portunus trituberculatus Miers makes without meal compound feed, generally according to the packing of being weighed of this area conventional method, warehouse-in.

Meeting on the basis of this area general knowledge, above-mentioned each optimum condition, can be combined, and obtains the preferred embodiments of the invention.

Agents useful for same of the present invention and raw material be commercially available obtaining all.

Positive progressive effect of the present invention is: Portunus trituberculatus Miers of the present invention without meal compound feed utilize low price, originate abundant animal byproduct and vegetable protein replace the feed that contains expensive fish meal, realize feed cost and dropped into minimized, maximizing the benefits, solved the high problem of aquaculture cost.

The specific embodiment

Mode below by embodiment further illustrates the present invention, but does not therefore limit the present invention among described scope of embodiments.The experimental technique of unreceipted actual conditions in the following example, according to conventional method and condition, or selects according to catalogue.

In following embodiment, raw materials used source is: dephenolization cottonseed protein supplier is Shanghai Yuan Yao trade Co., Ltd, rice protein powder supplier Anhui Hui Jia Bioisystech Co., Ltd, FSPC supplier are Wandefu Ind Co., Ltd., Shandong, globulin powder supplier is En Bi biotech inc, Wuhan, fish soluble slurry protein powder supplier is aquatic feeds Co., Ltd of Yuxin of Rongcheng City, and wheat flour supplier is five Suqian, the group Jiangsu wheat flour Co., Ltds that get profit.Rice bran supplier is middle grain storage (Shanghai) meter Ye Co., Ltd, and shrimp shell meal supplier is Haifeng county, Dongtou bioengineering Co., Ltd, and peanut meal supplier is Shandong Lu Hua heavy fragrant peanut oil Co., Ltd.

Embodiment 1

A kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without meal compound feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 170 kilograms of FSPCs, 130 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry protein 90 kilogram of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Portunus trituberculatus Miers comprises the steps without the preparation method of meal compound feed, , by trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, multidimensional, betaine, l-cn, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline, bentonite mixes by formula, make little feed additives, FSPC, rice protein powder, dephenolization cottonseed protein, globulin powder, wheat flour, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, the molten slurry albumen of fish, peanut meal, shrimp shell meal, rice brans etc. enter batch bin as large raw material, by computer automatic blending, each large raw material is entered in primary mixer by formula, then add little feed additives, mix laggard enter micronizer carry out ultramicro grinding, the fineness of ultramicro grinding is more than 95% raw material reaches 80 orders, percentage is mass percent.After ultramicro grinding, raw material enters second drum mixer in ratio in formula again; in second drum mixer, spray into phosphatide oil, fish oil simultaneously; various raw materials mix again; and add steam and carry out modified; refining temperature 90-95 ℃; modified rear raw material enters granulator and granulates, enters the slaking of post curing device, guarantees that the temperature of post curing is more than 95 ℃; the 30 minutes time of post curing; after slaking, enter counterflow cooling tower cooling fast; fast cooling rear Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without the material temperature of meal compound feed and the room temperature temperature difference in 5 ℃, and moisture drops to below 10%.

Embodiment 2

Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without meal compound feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 150 kilograms of FSPCs, 140 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 10 of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Preparation method is with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 3

Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without meal compound feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 130 kilograms of FSPCs, 150 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 11 of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Preparation method is with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 4

Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without meal compound feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 140 kilograms of FSPCs, 145 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry albumen of fish 105 kg, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

Preparation method is with embodiment 1.

Comparative example 1

Pelletized Feed For Swimming Crab Portunus Trituberculatus, feed as described in the background art, its concrete formula is counted with every 1000 kilograms: 280 kilograms of imported fish meals, 222.05 kilograms, flour, 46% 165 kilograms of dregs of beans (described percentage is the mass percent that the protein in dregs of beans accounts for dregs of beans), 30 kilograms of corn protein powders, 125 kilograms of peanut meals, 38 kilograms of cotton dregs, 20 kilograms of brewer's yeasts, 20 kilograms of cuttlefish cream, 20 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 10 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 15 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 12 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.0 kilograms of betaines, 2 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 30 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.

By trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, multidimensional, betaine, l-cn, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline, zeolite powder mixes by formula, makes little feed additives, imported fish meal, flour, 46% dregs of beans, corn protein powder, peanut meal, cotton dregs, brewer's yeast, cuttlefish cream, shrimp shell meal, calcium dihydrogen phosphates etc. enter batch bin as large raw material, by computer automatic blending, each large raw material is entered in primary mixer by formula, then add little feed additives, mix laggard enter micronizer carry out ultramicro grinding, more than the raw material that the fineness of pulverizing is 95% reaches 80 orders, after ultramicro grinding, raw material enters second drum mixer in ratio in formula again, sprays into phosphatide oil simultaneously in second drum mixer, fish oil, various raw materials mix again, and add steam carry out modified, refining temperature 90-95 ℃, modified rear raw material enter granulator granulate, enter again the slaking of post curing device, guarantee that the temperature of post curing is more than 95 ℃, the 30 minutes time of post curing, after slaking, enter counterflow cooling tower cooling fast, cooling rear material temperature and the room temperature temperature difference are in 5 ℃ fast, and moisture drops to below 10%.

Effect embodiment 1

Select 450 of Portunus trituberculatus Miers seedlings, adopt comparative example feed to tame, the domestication time is 10d, adapts to breeding environment completely at Portunus trituberculatus Miers, ingests active, and enters formal test in the situation that does not have to die unexpectedly.Be divided at random 5 groups, every group of 3 repetitions.The DIFFERENT FEED of embodiment 1 ~ 4 and the comparative example 1 of feeding respectively.Test site is carried out in cultivation base, Shanghai Nanhui reed tidal harbour army farm.Test period 180 days.Each outcome record is in table 1 ~ 3.

The impact of the feed of table 1 embodiment 1 ~ 4 and comparative example 1 on Growth of Portunus Trituberculatus performance

From table 1, embodiment does not contain fish-meal in the speed of growth, and food ration does not have difference with comparative example in material ratio, survival rate.Embodiment feed can replace traditional high fish-meal completely.

The feed of table 2 embodiment 1 ~ 4 and comparative example 1 is to Portunus trituberculatus Miers aquaculture cost, economic efficiency contrast

From table 2: at least cheap 2120 yuan per ton of embodiment feed ratio comparative example feed, with embodiment feed cultivation Portunus trituberculatus Miers, often form 1 kilogram of Portunus trituberculatus Miers, raiser at least can many incomes 3.35 yuan.General Portunus trituberculatus Miers per mu yield is more than 1000 jin, and every mu of many incomes of Portunus trituberculatus Miers energy are more than 1675 yuan.Embodiment compares economies of scale remarkable benefit.

Conclusion: from the use contrast of the feed of above-described embodiment and comparative example, Portunus trituberculatus Miers provided by the invention is without the high meal compound feed of meal compound feed energy replacing whole tradition, Growth of Portunus Trituberculatus, survival rate etc. are had no adverse effects, and cost is low, culture benefit is high, reduce the dependence to high-quality fish meal, for the sustainable development of Portunus trituberculatus Miers cultivation provides a kind of good demonstration and reference function.

Claims (10)

1. a Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without meal compound feed, it is characterized in that: in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 130~170 kilograms of FSPCs, 130~150 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry of fish protein 90~110 kilogram, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
2. Portunus trituberculatus Miers as claimed in claim 1 is without meal compound feed, it is characterized in that: in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 170 kilograms of FSPCs, 130 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry protein 90 kilogram of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
3. Portunus trituberculatus Miers as claimed in claim 1 is without meal compound feed, it is characterized in that: in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 150 kilograms of FSPCs, 140 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 10 of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
4. Portunus trituberculatus Miers as claimed in claim 1 is without meal compound feed, it is characterized in that: in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 130 kilograms of FSPCs, 150 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 11 of fish, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
5. Portunus trituberculatus Miers as claimed in claim 1 is without meal compound feed, it is characterized in that: in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following substances: 60 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 140 kilograms of FSPCs, 145 kilograms of rice protein powders, the molten slurry albumen of fish 105 kg, 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 130 kilograms of peanut meals, 30 kilograms of shrimp shell meals, 220.55 kilograms of wheat flours, 35 kilograms, rice bran, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of betaines, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 0.5 kilogram of l-cn, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 40 kilograms of bentonites, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
6. the Portunus trituberculatus Miers as described in claim 1-5 any one is without the preparation method of meal compound feed, it is characterized in that: it comprises the steps, by trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, multidimensional, betaine, l-cn, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline, bentonite mixes by formula, make little feed additives, FSPC, rice protein powder, dephenolization cottonseed protein, globulin powder, wheat flour, the molten slurry albumen of fish, peanut meal, shrimp shell meal, rice bran, calcium dihydrogen phosphate evenly mixes as large raw material, then mix with little feed additives, ultramicro grinding afterwards, again by formula and phosphatide oil, fish oil mixes, and add steam and carry out modified, granulate, post curing, after post curing, enter cooling tower cooling fast.
7. preparation method as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described large raw material mixes in primary mixer; Described large raw material enters in described primary mixer by computer automatic blending.
8. preparation method as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described ultramicro grinding is carried out in micronizer; The fineness of described ultramicro grinding is that more than 95% raw material reaches 80 orders, percentage is the mass percent that accounts for raw material; Being evenly blended in second drum mixer after described ultramicro grinding carried out.
9. preparation method as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described modified temperature is 90~95 ℃; Described granulation is carried out in granulator; Described post curing is to carry out in post curing device; The temperature of described post curing is more than 95 ℃; The time of described post curing is 30 minutes.
10. preparation method as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described cooling tower is counterflow cooling tower; Described quick cooling rear Portunus trituberculatus Miers is without the material temperature of meal compound feed and the room temperature temperature difference in 5 ℃, and moisture drops to below 10%, and percentage is mass percent.
CN201310044096.7A 2013-02-04 2013-02-04 Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed and its preparation method CN103082151B (en)

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CN103734490B (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-10-21 青岛佰众化工技术有限公司 A kind of Crab Portunus trituberculatus Larvae cultivates feed
CN103844139B (en) * 2013-12-23 2015-08-26 浙江省海洋开发研究院 A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers and preparation method thereof
CN103960488B (en) * 2014-04-10 2015-12-02 孙才海 Crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound and preparation method thereof
CN104161224B (en) * 2014-06-12 2016-03-30 浙江省海洋水产研究所 The formula forage of Portunus trituberculatus Miers cultivation
CN104000047B (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-11-18 顾祥茂 A kind of feed improving crab product crab cream amount
CN103989024B (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-11-18 顾祥茂 A kind of crab class feed
CN104161223B (en) * 2014-06-12 2016-02-24 浙江省海洋水产研究所 For the compound prescription feed of Portunus trituberculatus Miers cultivation
CN104171618B (en) * 2014-07-18 2017-08-11 南通巴大饲料有限公司 A kind of river crab special compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN104905025B (en) * 2015-05-12 2018-04-03 湖北龙王恨渔具集团有限公司 A kind of bait nest material

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CN1261035C (en) * 2004-05-18 2006-06-28 宁波市水产研究所 Portunid compound feed of intensitying crab paste quality
CN101057632A (en) * 2007-05-14 2007-10-24 缪淑华 Ecological nutrition compound feed for swimming crab
CN101744150B (en) * 2010-01-27 2013-04-10 盐城工学院 Juvenile horse crab feed formula and processing method thereof
CN102687812B (en) * 2012-04-23 2013-07-10 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Compound feed for Scylla serrata, preparation and application method thereof

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