CN110235760A - Cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor - Google Patents

Cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110235760A
CN110235760A CN201910672529.0A CN201910672529A CN110235760A CN 110235760 A CN110235760 A CN 110235760A CN 201910672529 A CN201910672529 A CN 201910672529A CN 110235760 A CN110235760 A CN 110235760A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant factor
tomatoes
cultivation method
tomato
plant
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910672529.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊小雪
徐刚
杨亚娜
孙艳军
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201910672529.0A priority Critical patent/CN110235760A/en
Publication of CN110235760A publication Critical patent/CN110235760A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • A01G24/15Calcined rock, e.g. perlite, vermiculite or clay aggregates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/28Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing peat, moss or sphagnum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor, the tomato is irradiated during cultivation with LED lamplight group, and the LED lamplight group includes feux rouges and blue light, and the intensity of illumination of feux rouges and blue light ratio is 1:1.Cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor provided in an embodiment of the present invention, remarkably promotes tomato plant strain growth, and the method for the embodiment of the present invention handles lower fresh weight and dry weight and increases 50.5% and 61.0% than control, seedling vigorous index and Net Photosynthetic Rate numerical value highest.In addition, tomato Blooming 3 days, the first inflorescence, which is beared fruit, is advanced by 7 days.And fruit soluble solids content highest, sugar-acid ratio are suitable for that Quality of Tomato Fruit is best.

Description

Cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to technical field of plant culture, and in particular to cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor.
Background technique
Tomato, i.e. tomato are that Solanaceae tomato genus is annual or herbaceos perennial, and body is 0.6-2 meters high, and entirety is raw viscous Matter glandular hairs have overpowering odor, and stem easily lodges, leaf pinnate compound leaf or pinniform drastic crack, and inflorescence always obstructs 2-5 centimetres long, normal 3-7 flower, Calyx spoke shape, corolla spoke shape, berry oblate spheroid shape or close spherical, meat and many juice, seed yellow, flowering fruit bearing stage summer and autumn.Tomato South America is originated in, north and south of China is cultivated extensively.The fruits nutrition of tomato is abundant, has flavour.It can eat raw, cook, adding Work catsup, juice or whole fruit canning.
The problems such as there are soil continuous cropping obstacle, excessive applying pesticides and chemical fertilizer in tomato cultivation at present, it is thus caused sick Insect pest is serious, the decline of tomato yield and quality reduce, and pesticide and chemical fertilizer are largely remained in fruit, caused to the safety of food Huge harm.Tomato is heliophile, focus ring border it is more demanding.Due to weather and facility canopy film in facility cultivation Etc. easily causing low light environment, it is unfavorable for the normal production of tomato, causes its growth restriction, yield decline, quality to reduce, especially Autumn and winter be easy to cause fruit drop, fruit color uneven.In plant factor's cultivation mode, various environmental conditions are ok Manual control is carried out, the various problems in tomato traditional cultivation have been effectively relieved.LED light source is plant in plant factor at present The preferred light source of illumination can be designed that the light with different spatial distributions using the narrow band light that light emitting diode (LED) is issued, The effective use in space in the luminous environment demand and artificial growth environmental pattern of plant growth and development is not only very well satisfied, Plant growth metabolism can also be effectively controlled simultaneously, be that factory generates profit maximized key point.Therefore optimization plant work The research of luminous environment control technique is critical issue urgently to be resolved in actual production at this stage in factory.
But it is suitble to the dedicated optical of tomato growth less according to parameter study in existing plant factor, it is unfavorable for plant work The popularization that factory's metaplasia produces.
Summary of the invention
For this purpose, the embodiment of the present invention provides cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor, to solve tomato in the prior art The unconspicuous problem of growth-promoting effect in plant factor.
To achieve the goals above, the embodiment of the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
According to a first aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor is provided, the tomato exists It is irradiated during cultivation with LED lamplight group, the LED lamplight group includes feux rouges and blue light, and the light of feux rouges and blue light It is 1:1 according to intensity ratio.
Further, cultivation method of tomatoes includes first carrying out nursery in the plant factor, is colonized later, in slow seedling It is put into plant factor and is handled after a week.
Further, the nursery includes being seeded in the seed of tomato in the 50 hole hole trays equipped with seedling medium, every hole 1 Grain seed.
Further, the seedling medium includes peat and vermiculite, and the volume ratio of peat and vermiculite is 3:1.
Further, the field planting includes choosing consistent 3 leaf, 1 heart Seeding planting of growing way in nutrition after seed germination In alms bowl, composite interstitial substance is housed in the nutritive cube.
Further, the composite interstitial substance includes turf, perlite and vermiculite, and the body of turf, perlite and vermiculite Product is than being 3:1:1.
Further, it is 24-28 DEG C that the environment set handled in the plant factor, which is day temperature, night temperature Degree is 16-20 DEG C, and the photoperiod is set as 12hd-1
Further, one time of nutrition liquid was poured every 4 days during being handled in plant factor.
The embodiment of the present invention has the advantages that the embodiment of the present invention provides cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor, Tomato plant strain growth is remarkably promoted, the method for the embodiment of the present invention handles lower fresh weight and dry weight and increases 50.5% He than control 61.0%, seedling vigorous index and Net Photosynthetic Rate numerical value highest.In addition, tomato Blooming 3 days, the first inflorescence, which is beared fruit, is advanced by 7 It.And fruit soluble solids content highest, sugar-acid ratio are suitable for that Quality of Tomato Fruit is best.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by particular specific embodiment below, those skilled in the art can be by this explanation Content disclosed by book is understood other advantages and efficacy of the present invention easily, it is clear that described embodiment is the present invention one Section Example, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not doing Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work out, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor, tomato LED light during cultivation Light group is irradiated, and the LED lamplight group includes feux rouges and blue light, and the intensity of illumination of feux rouges and blue light ratio is 1:1.
Cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor provided in this embodiment, remarkably promotes tomato plant strain growth, and the present invention is implemented The method of example handles lower fresh weight and dry weight and increases 50.5% and 61.0% than control, and seedling vigorous index and Net Photosynthetic Rate numerical value are most It is high.In addition, tomato Blooming 3 days, the first inflorescence, which is beared fruit, is advanced by 7 days.And fruit soluble solids content highest, saccharic acid Than being suitable for, Quality of Tomato Fruit is best.
Embodiment 2
On the basis of taking 1 technical solution of embodiment, cultivation method of tomatoes includes first being educated in the plant factor Seedling is colonized later, is put into plant factor and is handled after a week in slow seedling.The nursery includes broadcasting the seed of tomato Kind is in the 50 hole hole trays equipped with seedling medium, 1, every hole seed.The seedling medium includes peat and vermiculite, and peat Volume ratio with vermiculite is 3:1.The field planting includes choosing consistent 3 leaf, 1 heart Seeding planting of growing way after seed germination and seeking It supports in alms bowl, composite interstitial substance is housed in the nutritive cube.The composite interstitial substance includes turf, perlite and vermiculite, and turf, treasure The volume ratio of Zhu Yan and vermiculite is 3:1:1.The environment set handled in the plant factor is that day temperature is 24-28 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 16-20 DEG C, and the photoperiod is set as 12hd-1.One was poured every 4 days during being handled in plant factor Secondary nutrient solution.
Although above having used general explanation and specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, at this On the basis of invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, These modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention are fallen within the scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (8)

1. cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor, it is characterised in that: the tomato is during cultivation with LED lamplight group It is irradiated, the LED lamplight group includes feux rouges and blue light, and the intensity of illumination of feux rouges and blue light ratio is 1:1.
2. cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: including first carrying out nursery, later It is colonized, is put into plant factor and is handled after a week in slow seedling.
3. cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the nursery includes by tomato Seed is seeded in the 50 hole hole trays equipped with seedling medium, 1, every hole seed.
4. cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the seedling medium includes mud Charcoal and vermiculite, and the volume ratio of peat and vermiculite is 3:1.
5. cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the field planting includes going out to seed After bud, consistent 3 leaf, 1 heart Seeding planting of growing way is chosen in nutritive cube, composite interstitial substance is housed in the nutritive cube.
6. cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the composite interstitial substance includes grass Charcoal, perlite and vermiculite, and the volume ratio of turf, perlite and vermiculite is 3:1:1.
7. cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: in the plant factor The environment set of reason is that day temperature is 24-28 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature is 16-20 DEG C, and the photoperiod is set as 12hd-1
8. cultivation method of tomatoes in plant factor according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: handled in plant factor Period poured one time of nutrition liquid every 4 days.
CN201910672529.0A 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor Pending CN110235760A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910672529.0A CN110235760A (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910672529.0A CN110235760A (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Cultivation method of tomatoes in a kind of plant factor

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CN110235760A true CN110235760A (en) 2019-09-17

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111011126A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 Method for promoting growth of tomato in seedling stage and application of method in plant factory
CN111448905A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-controlled tomato seedling method and illumination equipment
CN112840973A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-05-28 山西农业大学 Planting method for improving growth and development of tomatoes and fruit quality
WO2022105011A1 (en) * 2020-11-19 2022-05-27 江苏省农业科学院 Cultivation method based on led light source and used for promoting blossoming and fruiting of tomatoes

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CN103644496A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-19 大连智讯科技有限公司 LED lamp panel system capable of promoting tomatoes to bloom on basis of solar energy
CN103672687A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-26 大连智讯科技有限公司 LED lamp boards capable of improving tomato photosynthesis based on solar energy
CN109168700A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-11 福建农林大学 Tomato seedling engrafting method
CN109169165A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-11 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 A kind of method of glasshouse tomato growing
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CN103222420A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-31 南京农业大学 Small vegetable indoor cultivation technique based on LED energy saving light source
CN103644496A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-19 大连智讯科技有限公司 LED lamp panel system capable of promoting tomatoes to bloom on basis of solar energy
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111011126A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 Method for promoting growth of tomato in seedling stage and application of method in plant factory
CN111011126B (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-07-09 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 Method for promoting growth of tomato in seedling stage and application of method in plant factory
CN111448905A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-28 上海市农业科学院 Light-controlled tomato seedling method and illumination equipment
WO2022105011A1 (en) * 2020-11-19 2022-05-27 江苏省农业科学院 Cultivation method based on led light source and used for promoting blossoming and fruiting of tomatoes
CN112840973A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-05-28 山西农业大学 Planting method for improving growth and development of tomatoes and fruit quality

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Application publication date: 20190917