CN110050625A - A kind of cultural method of tealeaves - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of tealeaves Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110050625A
CN110050625A CN201910319559.3A CN201910319559A CN110050625A CN 110050625 A CN110050625 A CN 110050625A CN 201910319559 A CN201910319559 A CN 201910319559A CN 110050625 A CN110050625 A CN 110050625A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tea
tealeaves
cultural
autumn
summer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910319559.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
向以建
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Luyuan Spring Tea Ltd
Original Assignee
Sichuan Luyuan Spring Tea Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Luyuan Spring Tea Ltd filed Critical Sichuan Luyuan Spring Tea Ltd
Priority to CN201910319559.3A priority Critical patent/CN110050625A/en
Publication of CN110050625A publication Critical patent/CN110050625A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of cultural method of tealeaves, comprising: (1) late May deeplys prune adult operation period tea tree;(2) early June to carried out during late October store tree support it is fluffy;(3) biogenic pesticide is applied;(4) base manure is applied;(5) spring next year top dressing;(6) spring tea is picked;(7) summer tea, autumn tea are not adopted, summer, autumn store tree and support fluffy, effectively prevent pest and disease damage, only pick spring tea, it does not pick summer, autumn tea, summer, autumn store tree and support fluffy, and the spring fresh tea passes of picking are best in quality, yield, the output value are high, reduce tea picking labor intensity, reduce cultivation cost.

Description

A kind of cultural method of tealeaves
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting technology fields, and in particular to a kind of cultural method of tealeaves.
Background technique
China is the native place of tealeaves, the ancient country of tea, discovery and using tea tree there are about the history of Wan Yunian, be the mankind drink tea, It grows tea, the cradle of tea making.The tea polyphenols contained in tea have very strong inoxidizability and physiological activity, are human free radicals Scavenger, a variety of carcinogen in vivo synthesis such as inferior ammonium nitrate can be blocked.Due to the health-care effect of tealeaves, so that it is got over Come more welcomed by the people, becomes a kind of daily necessities.
Current Tea Production gradually moves towards the intensive promotion to devote exclusive attention to output, domestic tea area in Tea Production, the spring, Summer, autumn tea leaf-making quantity ratio 5:3:2.But summer, autumn tea collecting period because temperature is high, sunshine is long, ultraviolet light is strong, rainwater is less, cause Product bitterness is highly seasoned, and poor quality, selling price is low, and summer tea collecting period hot weather, tea picking labor intensity is big, causes to pick It is at high cost.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, effectively preventing pest and disease damage this application provides a kind of cultural method of tealeaves, spring tea is only picked, no It picks summer, autumn tea, summer, autumn store tree and support fluffy, and the spring fresh tea passes of picking are best in quality, and yield, the output value are high, reduce tea picking people Work labor intensity reduces cultivation cost.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical solution provided by the invention is a kind of cultural method of tealeaves, comprising:
(1) late May deeplys prune adult operation period tea tree;
(2) early June to carried out during late October store tree support it is fluffy;
(3) biogenic pesticide is applied;
(4) base manure is applied;
(5) the next spring top dressing;
(6) spring tea is picked;
(7) it does not pick summer, autumn tea, summer, autumn storage tree support fluffy.
Preferably, the reconditioning is cut to cut whole branch of tea tree terrain clearance 17cm or more.
Preferably, the step (2) specifically includes: storing up to the young sprout after deepling prune, does not take braking measure, is allowed to certainly So growth.
Preferably, the biogenic pesticide is botanical pesticide or mineral source pesticide.
Preferably, the botanical pesticide is commercially available China tree liquor;The mineral source pesticide is commercially available lime sulfur.
Preferably, the year applied amount of the base manure is 100kg~120kg/ mus.
Preferably, the base manure is commercially available compound fertilizer.
Preferably, the step (5) specifically includes: the next spring top dressing 5~6 times.
Preferably, the year applied amount of the top dressing is 100kg~110kg/ mus of commercial urea fertilizer.
Preferably, the top dressing is commercial urea fertilizer.
Preferably, the step (7) specifically includes: not pick to summer, autumn to bud, the leaf of tea tree, branch is not trimmed, Store up autumn solid branches of tall trees production branch.
Preferably, storing up autumn solid branches of tall trees production branch is to store up tea tree, and autumn tea Culture lopwood tip height is 38cm ~42cm.
Preferably, summer and autumn production branch reaches 38cm~42cm when late October tea tree stops growing, and top stem thickness 2.5mm~ 3.5mm, not bifurcated, 8~10 piece/of unsoundness blade on tea tree branch.
Compared with prior art, detailed description are as follows by the application:
The present invention provides a kind of cultivation technology methods of tealeaves, rebuild in late May to adult operation period tea tree It cuts, that is, changes the tea tree early winter light pruning of the prior art, deeplyd prune for early summer;The plane or arc production branch for changing the prior art are height The three-dimensional production branch of branch;Change spring top dressing 1 time of the prior art as at interval of 1 top dressing of application in 20 days;Early winter applies base manure and summer It is same as the prior art that autumn applies top dressing.Further, spring tea is only picked, does not pick summer tea, autumn tea;Summer, autumn store tree Support fluffy, spring tea bud, leaf are stout and strong, high financial profit;Summer, autumn store tree and support fluffy, attenuating tea grower's labor intensity;Application biology Biogenic pesticide reduces the applications of pesticide, reduces pesticide residue content, guarantees Safety of Food Quality;Save cultivation expense.
Specific embodiment
It is right combined with specific embodiments below in order to make those skilled in the art more fully understand technical solution of the present invention The present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of tealeaves, comprising:
(1) late May deeplys prune adult operation period tea tree;
(2) early June to carried out during late October store tree support it is fluffy;
(3) biogenic pesticide is applied;
(4) base manure is applied;
(5) the next spring top dressing 5~6 times;
(6) spring tea is picked;
(7) summer tea, autumn tea are not adopted, and summer, autumn storage tree support fluffy;
Wherein,
The reconditioning is cut to cut whole branch of tea tree terrain clearance 17cm or more.
The step (2) specifically includes: storing up to the young sprout after deepling prune, does not take braking measure, gives free rein to grow.
The biogenic pesticide is botanical pesticide or mineral source pesticide.The botanical pesticide is commercially available China tree liquor; The mineral source pesticide is commercially available lime sulfur.
The year applied amount of the base manure is 100kg~120kg/ mus.The base manure is commercially available compound fertilizer.
The step (5) specifically includes: the next spring top dressing 5~6 times.The year applied amount of the top dressing is commercial urea It is 100kg~110kg/ mus fertile.The top dressing is commercial urea fertilizer.
The step (7) specifically includes: not pick to summer, autumn to bud, the leaf of tea tree, branch is not trimmed, and the autumn is stored up Ji Liti branches of tall trees produce branch;Storing up autumn solid branches of tall trees production branch is to store up tea tree, and autumn tea Culture lopwood tip height is 38cm~42cm.
Summer and autumn production branch reaches 38cm~42cm, top stem thickness 2.5mm~3.5mm when late October tea tree stops growing, Not bifurcated, 8~10 piece/of unsoundness blade on tea tree branch.Since production branch is strong, bud, leaf are stout and strong, thick and solid, and quality is high, Value is high.
The above-mentioned cultural method of the present invention, tea tree in the ranks well-ventilated, disease for tea plant rate 0% (disease rate %=disease area/ 666.7 square metres), spring tea is picked, tealeaves annual output is young tea leaves 40kg~42kg/ mus.
Reference examples 1
This reference examples is that the difference of the cultural method and embodiment 1 of a kind of tealeaves is only that: step (1) is early November Light pruning is carried out to adult operation period tea tree;Cut off whole branches and leaves of the terrain clearance relative to the production high 2.5cm~3cm of secateurs mouth
Branch height 2.5cm~3cm, stem thickness 1.5cm~2mm are produced after early November light pruning, produce unsoundness leaf on branch 0~1 piece/of piece;Production branch is very thin, thin and weak, and tea tree germ, leaf are thin thin, very thin, of poor quality, is worth low.
The above-mentioned cultural method of this reference examples, in the ranks degree of ventilation is poor for tea tree, and production branch is thin and weak, 5% (disease of disease for tea plant rate Rate %=disease area/666.7 square metre), spring, summer, Qiu Sanji are picked, and tealeaves annual output is young tea leaves 39.kg~41kg/ Mu.
Reference examples 2
This reference examples is that the difference of the cultural method and embodiment 1 of a kind of tealeaves is only that: step (1) is early July pair The operation period tea tree that grows up carries out deep trimming, that is, cuts off whole branches and leaves of terrain clearance 30cm or more.
When late October tea tree stops growing, production branch height reaches 25~27cm, top stem thickness 1.5mm~2.0mm, no Bifurcated, 4~6 piece/of unsoundness blade on tea tree branch.
The above-mentioned cultural method of this reference examples, tea tree in the ranks divulge information it is fair, production branch it is strong, 0% (disease rate of disease for tea plant rate 2%=disease area/666.7 square metre), only pick spring tea, do not pick summer, autumn tea, tealeaves annual output be young tea leaves 35kg~ 37kg/ mus.
Reference examples 3
This reference examples is that the difference of the cultural method and embodiment 1 of a kind of tealeaves is only that: step (5) spring top dressing 1 It is secondary;
One season applied fertilizer 1 time, and the fertilizer efficiency period of top dressing is only 20 days, and spring tea is caused to be in fertilizer deficiency state, tea tree germ, Leaf is thin thin, very thin, of poor quality, is worth low.
The above-mentioned cultural method of this reference examples, tea tree lack nutrition, and premunition is poor, (the disease rate %=disease of disease for tea plant rate 7% Evil area/666.7 square metre);Only picking spring tea, does not pick summer, autumn tea, and tealeaves annual output is young tea leaves 25kg~26kg/ mus.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that above-mentioned preferred embodiment is not construed as pair Limitation of the invention, protection scope of the present invention should be defined by the scope defined by the claims..For the art For those of ordinary skill, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these change It also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention into retouching.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cultural method of tealeaves characterized by comprising
(1) late May deeplys prune adult operation period tea tree;
(2) early June to carried out during late October store tree support it is fluffy;
(3) biogenic pesticide is applied;
(4) base manure is applied;
(5) the next spring top dressing;
(6) spring tea is picked;
(7) it does not pick summer, autumn tea, summer, autumn storage tree support fluffy.
2. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the reconditioning is cut to cut the liftoff height of tea tree Spend whole branch of 17cm or more.
3. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (2) specifically includes: to reconditioning Young sprout after cutting is stored up, and braking measure is not taken, and gives free rein to grow.
4. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the biogenic pesticide is botanical pesticide Or mineral source pesticide.
5. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the year applied amount of the base manure is 100kg ~120kg/ mus.
6. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the base manure is commercially available compound fertilizer.
7. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (5) specifically includes: second year Spring top dressing 5~6 times.
8. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the year applied amount of the top dressing is commercially available urine Plain 100kg~110kg/ mus of fertilizer.
9. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the top dressing is commercial urea fertilizer.
10. the cultural method of tealeaves according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (7) specifically includes: being right Summer, autumn do not pick bud, the leaf of tea tree, and branch is not trimmed, and store up autumn solid branches of tall trees production branch.
CN201910319559.3A 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 A kind of cultural method of tealeaves Pending CN110050625A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201910319559.3A CN110050625A (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 A kind of cultural method of tealeaves

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910319559.3A CN110050625A (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 A kind of cultural method of tealeaves

Publications (1)

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CN110050625A true CN110050625A (en) 2019-07-26

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110800536A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-18 普定县久茗茶业有限公司 Pest control method for white tea planting

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1555677A (en) * 2004-01-06 2004-12-22 济南立泰山茶叶有限公司 High latitude region tea tree cultivating technology
CN103609280A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-03-05 桂平市西山茶场 Method for planting organic tea tree
CN103798030A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-05-21 浙江安吉宋茗白茶有限公司 Anji white tea ecological and efficient cultivation method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1555677A (en) * 2004-01-06 2004-12-22 济南立泰山茶叶有限公司 High latitude region tea tree cultivating technology
CN103609280A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-03-05 桂平市西山茶场 Method for planting organic tea tree
CN103798030A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-05-21 浙江安吉宋茗白茶有限公司 Anji white tea ecological and efficient cultivation method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110800536A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-18 普定县久茗茶业有限公司 Pest control method for white tea planting

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