CN109757146A - A method of the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach is carried out using salt-tolerant plant - Google Patents

A method of the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach is carried out using salt-tolerant plant Download PDF

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CN109757146A
CN109757146A CN201910160426.6A CN201910160426A CN109757146A CN 109757146 A CN109757146 A CN 109757146A CN 201910160426 A CN201910160426 A CN 201910160426A CN 109757146 A CN109757146 A CN 109757146A
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saline
alkaline
salt
layer
plant
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詹福麟
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Xiamen Wan Yin Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Xiamen Wan Yin Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to alkaline land improving technologies and restoration of the ecosystem field, and in particular to a method of the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach is carried out using salt-tolerant plant;Saline and alkaline separation layer is made of brickbat slag or the native head of building, thick sea sand, the salinity of low layer is effectively blocked to return to upper soll layer with water through capillary action using the loose macroporous structure that the native head and brickbat slag of architectural engineering are formed, it can not only dredge to seep under the salinity on upper layer and exclude, building castoff can also be utilized, project cost is saved;The root system that salinity reverse osmosis layer can effectively obstruct plant passes through separation layer, prevents root system from being influenced by salt damage, while preventing separation layer salinity reverse osmosis;The arrangement principle of saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer is to improve the physicochemical property of saline and alkaline sand ground, and use of cooperation mushroom soil can reach that loosing soil breathes freely, is retained, fertility is abundant and the suitable effect of soda acid;Technical solution provided by the present invention has positive significant effect to the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach, suitable for large-scale promotion.

Description

A method of the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach is carried out using salt-tolerant plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to alkaline land improving technologies and restoration of the ecosystem field, and in particular to a kind of to carry out sea using salt-tolerant plant The method of the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in shore.
Background technique
The salinization of soil has become important one of the environmental problem in the whole world.Not according to UNESCO and food and agricultural organization Statistics completely, current saline and alkaline land area about 9.5 hundred million hm in the whole world2, account for the 25% of land area, the saline and alkaline land area in China There are about 99,130,000 hm2, account for 1/28 or so of the saline and alkaline soil in the world, and area is equivalent to the 1/4 of the existing arable land in China.The saline and alkaline sand in beach The generally existing soil desertification in ground, barren, salinity is high, soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping ability is poor, and the entire saline and alkaline sand ground ecology in seashore is sensitive crisp Weak, vegetation plantation is difficult, and dust storm is wreaked havoc, and salt fog is serious, and wind helps husky gesture, Sha Zhufeng prestige, and sand damage is extremely serious.There is data recordation, The village good farmland that China coast is buried by sand is countless, such as last 100 years of the Dongshan, Fujian county before founding of New, is buried by dust storm 13 villages and 20,000 mu of farmlands, therefore coastal saline-alkali sand ground zoology green-recovery is particularly significant.
In recent years, as coastal city develops and utilizes continuing to increase for intensity, especially many strand high class residential developments are built If, large-scale people's livelihood construction project and littoral zone tourism development, so that people is increasingly paid attention to the zoology green-recovery of Coastal Sandy Land.But Strand greening is not blindly to copy mechanically and apply indiscriminately inland Urban Landscape Construction thinking to coastal region, does not consider the saline and alkaline sand ground ring in beach The particularity in border, leads to that the afforestation effect of the saline and alkaline sand ground in beach is undesirable, local characteristic is insufficient, and majority all suffers from plant survival Rate is low and afforests problem with high costs.Therefore by the reasonable selection and collocation to Soiline-alkali plants, good kind of phytem is built System is only the key point for realizing coastal saline-alkali sand ground zoology green-recovery.
The difficult point of the saline and alkaline sand ground ecosystem in beach also resides in the generally existing water resource in these regions and lacks and strong salt fog-zone The problem of soil desertification, " accumulation of salt in the surface soil " phenomenon is serious, so that planting is difficult to improvement, survival rate is low.So solve soil and The salt damage and agricultural irrigation problem of air become urgent need.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, it is multiple using the salt-tolerant plant progress saline and alkaline sand ground ecology in beach that the present invention provides a kind of Green method, the technical issues of for solving proposed in background technique.
To achieve the above object, the following technical solution is employed by the present invention:
A method of the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach is carried out using salt-tolerant plant, comprising the following steps:
S1, building castoff or brick slag hook machine are rammed broken uniform and paved in soil bottom, then spread in soil bottom If one layer of thick sea sand;
S2, it is laid with two-layer nonwoven in the top of thick sea sand, to form salinity reverse osmosis layer, then by thin sea sand, gardens solid Waste ferments crushed material, organic fertilizer, farmland anti-drought water-retaining agent and red soil according to 38.5%, 15%, 16%, 0.5%, 30% Mass ratio be mixed evenly, backfill in salinity reverse osmosis layer top, form saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer;
S3, it ditches on saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer top and is laid with irrigation pipe network, set up the support of high 4m in arbor growing area, And mini sprinkler is set up, and intermediate setting of the mini sprinkler in two rows of arbors, two neighboring mini sprinkler interval 3.5m;It is vertical in shrub growing area The support of high 1m sets up mini sprinkler, and mini sprinkler is arranged among two row shrubs, 1 row's mini sprinkler of laying, between two neighboring mini sprinkler Every 1.5m;Then the mini sprinkler for being 1m in the vacant greenery patches of woodland setting adjacent spaces;Timing irrigation dress is installed additional in water inlet It sets, completes micro- spray drop filling drive salt and move back salt apparatus system;
S4, the extra large side of leaning in improvement greenery patches, yellow rose of Sharon heeled-in seedling of the plantation through the saline and alkaline domestication 2 years on the spot of the island great Deng, plantation are pressed Ranks, which misplace, plants, and the line space of every plant of tree presses 3.5m*3.5m, plants 3 rows, becomes salt spray proof, windproof background forest belt and prevents The wide 80cm* depth 60cm of plant hole is planted in wind forest belt, deep to plant earthing;
S5, road side is leaned on, Nerium odorum heeled-in seedling of the plantation through the saline and alkaline domestication 1 year on the spot of the island great Deng, plantation is by row Column dislocation plantation, the line space of every plant of tree press 1.5m, plant 2 rows, use as road shrub landscape belt of blooming, and it is wide to plant plant hole 50cm, deep 40cm are deep to plant earthing;
S6, the twin colored wedelia chinensis collected in the greenery patches clip strand field of hayashishita, every rhizome section leave and take length 50-55cm, Zanjon cuttage plantation, zanjon wide 20cm, deep 15cm, the twin colored every beam root of wedelia chinensis cutting, in are opened in saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer Between doubling, it is deep to plant earthing;
S7, then Sesbania seed and thin sea sand 1:1 in mass ratio mixed, and broadcasted sowing in planting the saline and alkaline of twin colored wedelia chinensis On sandy land amelioration layer, green net is covered, sesbania germinates after 2 weeks, and twin colored wedelia chinensis throws off green net after sprouting, and utilizes quantitative timing daily Irrigation system sprays blade face and greenery patches, is retained moisturizing, after 1 month, can switch to extensive pipe and support, and opens 1 micro-spray system spray weekly Spill blade face.
Further, in the S1 thick sea sand be laid with a thickness of 10-13cm.
Further, the organic fertilizer in the S2 is 18-23 parts of rice husk, 30-38 parts of manure of livestock and poultry by components by weight percent Just, 10-15 parts of biogas residue and 6-10 parts of mushroom soil carry out that aerobic fermentation is decomposed to be formed after mixing.
Further, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground ∮ of yellow rose of Sharon heeled-in seedling is 12-15cm in the S4.
Further, the specification of Nerium odorum heeled-in seedling is height 1.2m, hat width 0.8m in the S5.
Further, the planting density of twin colored wedelia chinensis cutting is 25 Zhu/㎡ in the S6.
Further, the frequency that greenery patches is watered in the S7 is the 2-4 times/moon.
Using above-mentioned technical solution, the beneficial effect that the present invention reaches is:
1, saline and alkaline separation layer is made of brickbat slag or the native head of building, thick sea sand, utilizes the native head and brickbat slag of architectural engineering The loose macroporous structure formed effectively blocks the salinity of low layer to return to upper soll layer with water through capillary action, can not only dredge It seeps and excludes under the salinity on upper layer, moreover it is possible to utilize building castoff, save project cost.
2, salinity reverse osmosis layer is laid with by non-woven fabrics, and the root system that can effectively obstruct plant passes through separation layer, prevents root System is influenced by salt damage, while preventing separation layer salinity reverse osmosis.
3, saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer is by thin sea sand, gardens solid waste fermentation crushed material, organic fertilizer, farmland drought-resistant water-preserving The components in certain proportion such as agent and red soil composition, the arrangement principle of saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer are to improve the physics and chemistry of saline and alkaline sand ground Matter, cooperating the use of mushroom soil that can reach, loosing soil is ventilative, be retained, fertility is abundant and the suitable effect of soda acid.
Wherein thin sea sand plays loose permeation functions;Gardens solid waste fermentation crushed material and organic fertilizer mention for plant growth For nutrient, while neutralizing surface soil alkalinity;Red soil improves soil acidity or alkalinity and water holding capacity;Farmland anti-drought water-retaining agent plays water conservation Effect.
4, micro- spray drop lavation salt moves back salt apparatus system and is made of mini sprinkler, four paws drop arrow and self-timing water system, energy It enough realizes water-saving irrigation and the effect of shower blade face salinity, reduces salt fog harm to greatest extent, water system is also equipped with timing and fills It sets, can be realized control accurate moisture at regular time and quantity, save water resource.
5, the salt-tolerant plants such as the yellow rose of Sharon, twin colored wedelia chinensis, sesbania and Nerium odorum set up good zoology green-recovery vegetation system System effectively obstructs salt fog and strong wind harm wherein the yellow rose of Sharon becomes natural air partition as windbreak and background woods.Sesbania is abundant The fixed nitrogen function of playing rhizobium, plays the role of cultivation soil fertility, increases soil fertility, twin colored wedelia chinensis and Nerium odorum are resistance to Salt drought resisting, vitality is strong, can rapid Cover sand ground, prevent fugitive dust sand, and the amount of blooming is big, have good landscape effect Fruit.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention.
In figure: the thick sea sand of 1-, 2- salinity reverse osmosis layer, the saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer of 3-, 4- irrigation pipe network, 5- support, the micro- spray of 6- Head.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, Technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described.Based on the embodiment of the present invention, the common skill in this field Art personnel every other embodiment obtained without creative efforts belongs to the model that the present invention protects It encloses.
Embodiment 1:
Implement the program in the temporary road two sides greenery patches Tui Xian on the new airport in the Xiamen island great Deng.The location is artificial hydraulic reclamation Coastal sandy land is used as the backup land of future airport, and soil salinity and alkalinity is high, soil salt content 0.5-0.9%, and location is in two Grade salt fog-zone, moisture supply in island is difficult, and planting tree is not easy to survive.When implementation, first by building castoff or brick slag, with the machine of hook Ram it is broken uniformly pave in soil bottom, be then covered with the thick sea sand 1 of one layer of 10cm thickness, saline and alkaline isolated area be collectively formed with this;So After spread two-layer nonwoven, form salinity reverse osmosis layer 2, then by thin sea sand, gardens solid waste fermentation crushed material, organic fertilizer, Farmland anti-drought water-retaining agent and red soil are mixed evenly according to 38.5%, 15%, 16%, 0.5%, 30% mass ratio, return 2 or more salinity reverse osmosis layer is filled in, saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 is formed, constructs saline and alkaline sandy vegetation implant system.Change in saline and alkaline sand ground Ditching and laying irrigation pipe network 4 on good layer 3 sets up the support 5 of high 4m in arbor growing area, sets up mini sprinkler 6, mini sprinkler 6 is two The intermediate setting for arranging arbor, is laid with row's mini sprinkler 6, and two neighboring mini sprinkler 6 is spaced 3.5m;Stand high 1m's in shrub growing area Support 5 sets up mini sprinkler 6, and mini sprinkler 6 is arranged among two row shrubs, 1 row's mini sprinkler 6 of laying, between two neighboring mini sprinkler 6 The mini sprinkler 6 of adjacent spaces 1m is set in the vacant greenery patches of woodland every 1.5m;Timing irrigation device is installed additional in water inlet, is completed Micro- spray drop fills drive salt and moves back salt apparatus system.In improvement greenery patches by extra large side, Huang of the plantation through the saline and alkaline domestication 2 years on the spot of the island great Deng The heeled-in seedling of rose of Sharon diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground ∮ 12cm, plantation are pressed 3.5m*3.5m, are planted 3 rows, become by ranks dislocation plantation, the line space of every plant of tree Salt spray proof, the background forest belt of radix saposhnikoviae and shelterbelt plant the wide 80cm* depth 60cm of plant hole, deep to plant earthing.By road side, plantation Nerium odorum through the saline and alkaline domestication 1 year on the spot of the island great Deng, specification are the heeled-in seedling of height 1.2m* hat width 0.8m, and plantation is by row Column dislocation plantation, the line space of every plant of tree press 1.5m, plant 2 rows, use as road shrub landscape belt of blooming, and it is wide to plant plant hole 50cm* depth 40cm is deep to plant earthing.After Qiao fills plantation, in the greenery patches of hayashishita, the twin colored wedelia chinensis that clip strand field is collected, often Rhizome section leaves and takes length 50cm, and zanjon cuttage plantation, zanjon wide 20cm* depth 15cm, twin colored Peng are opened in saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 The every beam of Qi chrysanthemum cutting 3, deep to plant earthing in middle doubling, planting density presses 25 Zhu/㎡, then by Sesbania seed and thin sea It is husky to be mixed in quality 1:1 ratio, it broadcasts sowing on the saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 for planting twin colored wedelia chinensis, covers green net, 2 Zhou Houtian Cyanines germination, twin colored wedelia chinensis throw off green net after sprouting, and daily using quantitative timing irrigation system sprinkling blade face and greenery patches, water conservation is protected It is wet, after 1 month, extensive pipe can be switched to and supported, greenery patches 2 times/month of watering open 1 times/week of micro-spray system sprinkling blade face, reduce salt damage, Play the purpose of the regular desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching.Through the above method, the zoology green-recovery system of the saline and alkaline sand ground in complete beach is realized, is reached in a short time To Afforestation Landscape, the good action of sand prevention depositing dust is worthy of popularization.
Wherein, organic fertilizer is 20 parts of rice husk, 30 parts of fowl and animal excrement, 12 parts of biogas residue and 6 parts of mushroom by components by weight percent Mushroom soil carries out that aerobic fermentation is decomposed to be formed after mixing.
Embodiment 2:
Implement the program in the temporary road two sides greenery patches Tui Xian on the new airport in the Xiamen island great Deng.The location is artificial hydraulic reclamation Coastal sandy land is used as the backup land of future airport, and soil salinity and alkalinity is high, soil salt content 0.5-0.9%, and location is in two Grade salt fog-zone, moisture supply in island is difficult, and planting tree is not easy to survive.When implementation, first by building castoff or brick slag, with the machine of hook Ram it is broken uniformly pave in soil bottom, be then covered with the thick sea sand 1 of one layer of 12cm thickness, saline and alkaline isolated area be collectively formed with this;So After spread two-layer nonwoven, form salinity reverse osmosis layer 2, then by thin sea sand, gardens solid waste fermentation crushed material, organic fertilizer, Farmland anti-drought water-retaining agent and red soil are mixed evenly according to 38.5%, 15%, 16%, 0.5%, 30% mass ratio, return 2 or more salinity reverse osmosis layer is filled in, saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 is formed, constructs saline and alkaline sandy vegetation implant system.Change in saline and alkaline sand ground Ditching and laying irrigation pipe network 4 on good layer 3 sets up the support 5 of high 4m in arbor growing area, sets up mini sprinkler 6, mini sprinkler 6 is two The intermediate setting for arranging arbor, is laid with row's mini sprinkler 6, and two neighboring mini sprinkler 6 is spaced 3.5m;Stand high 1m's in shrub growing area Support 5 sets up mini sprinkler 6, and mini sprinkler 6 is arranged among two row shrubs, 1 row's mini sprinkler 6 of laying, between two neighboring mini sprinkler 6 The mini sprinkler 6 of adjacent spaces 1m is set in the vacant greenery patches of woodland every 1.5m;Timing irrigation device is installed additional in water inlet, is completed Micro- spray drop fills drive salt and moves back salt apparatus system.In improvement greenery patches by extra large side, Huang of the plantation through the saline and alkaline domestication 2 years on the spot of the island great Deng The heeled-in seedling of rose of Sharon diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground ∮ 14cm, plantation are pressed 3.5m*3.5m, are planted 3 rows, become by ranks dislocation plantation, the line space of every plant of tree Salt spray proof, the background forest belt of radix saposhnikoviae and shelterbelt plant the wide 80cm* depth 60cm of plant hole, deep to plant earthing.By road side, plantation Nerium odorum through the saline and alkaline domestication 1 year on the spot of the island great Deng, specification are the heeled-in seedling of height 1.2m* hat width 0.8m, and plantation is by row Column dislocation plantation, the line space of every plant of tree press 1.5m, plant 2 rows, use as road shrub landscape belt of blooming, and it is wide to plant plant hole 50cm* depth 40cm is deep to plant earthing.After Qiao fills plantation, in the greenery patches of hayashishita, the twin colored wedelia chinensis that clip strand field is collected, often Rhizome section leaves and takes length 53cm, and zanjon cuttage plantation, zanjon wide 20cm* depth 15cm, twin colored Peng are opened in saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 The every beam of Qi chrysanthemum cutting 3, deep to plant earthing in middle doubling, planting density presses 25 Zhu/㎡, then by Sesbania seed and thin sea It is husky to be mixed in quality 1:1 ratio, it broadcasts sowing on the saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 for planting twin colored wedelia chinensis, covers green net, 2 Zhou Houtian Cyanines germination, twin colored wedelia chinensis throw off green net after sprouting, and daily using quantitative timing irrigation system sprinkling blade face and greenery patches, water conservation is protected It is wet, after 1 month, extensive pipe can be switched to and supported, greenery patches 3 times/month of watering open 1 times/week of micro-spray system sprinkling blade face, reduce salt damage, Play the purpose of the regular desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching.Through the above method, the zoology green-recovery system of the saline and alkaline sand ground in complete beach is realized, is reached in a short time To Afforestation Landscape, the good action of sand prevention depositing dust is worthy of popularization.
Wherein, organic fertilizer is 18 parts of rice husk, 35 parts of fowl and animal excrement, 10 parts of biogas residue and 8 parts of mushroom by components by weight percent Mushroom soil carries out that aerobic fermentation is decomposed to be formed after mixing.
Embodiment 3:
Implement the program in the temporary road two sides greenery patches Tui Xian on the new airport in the Xiamen island great Deng.The location is artificial hydraulic reclamation Coastal sandy land is used as the backup land of future airport, and soil salinity and alkalinity is high, soil salt content 0.5-0.9%, and location is in two Grade salt fog-zone, moisture supply in island is difficult, and planting tree is not easy to survive.When implementation, first by building castoff or brick slag, with the machine of hook Ram it is broken uniformly pave in soil bottom, be then covered with the thick sea sand 1 of one layer of 13cm thickness, saline and alkaline isolated area be collectively formed with this;So After spread two-layer nonwoven, form salinity reverse osmosis layer 2, then by thin sea sand, gardens solid waste fermentation crushed material, organic fertilizer, Farmland anti-drought water-retaining agent and red soil are mixed evenly according to 38.5%, 15%, 16%, 0.5%, 30% mass ratio, return 2 or more salinity reverse osmosis layer is filled in, saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 is formed, constructs saline and alkaline sandy vegetation implant system.Change in saline and alkaline sand ground Ditching and laying irrigation pipe network 4 on good layer 3 sets up the support 5 of high 4m in arbor growing area, sets up mini sprinkler 6, mini sprinkler 6 is two The intermediate setting for arranging arbor, is laid with row's mini sprinkler 6, and two neighboring mini sprinkler 6 is spaced 3.5m;Stand high 1m's in shrub growing area Support 5 sets up mini sprinkler 6, and mini sprinkler 6 is arranged among two row shrubs, 1 row's mini sprinkler 6 of laying, between two neighboring mini sprinkler 6 The mini sprinkler 6 of adjacent spaces 1m is set in the vacant greenery patches of woodland every 1.5m;Timing irrigation device is installed additional in water inlet, is completed Micro- spray drop fills drive salt and moves back salt apparatus system.In improvement greenery patches by extra large side, Huang of the plantation through the saline and alkaline domestication 2 years on the spot of the island great Deng The heeled-in seedling of rose of Sharon diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground ∮ 15cm, plantation are pressed 3.5m*3.5m, are planted 3 rows, become by ranks dislocation plantation, the line space of every plant of tree Salt spray proof, the background forest belt of radix saposhnikoviae and shelterbelt plant the wide 80cm* depth 60cm of plant hole, deep to plant earthing.By road side, plantation Nerium odorum through the saline and alkaline domestication 1 year on the spot of the island great Deng, specification are the heeled-in seedling of height 1.2m* hat width 0.8m, and plantation is by row Column dislocation plantation, the line space of every plant of tree press 1.5m, plant 2 rows, use as road shrub landscape belt of blooming, and it is wide to plant plant hole 50cm* depth 40cm is deep to plant earthing.After Qiao fills plantation, in the greenery patches of hayashishita, the twin colored wedelia chinensis that clip strand field is collected, often Rhizome section leaves and takes length 55cm, and zanjon cuttage plantation, zanjon wide 20cm* depth 15cm, twin colored Peng are opened in saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 The every beam of Qi chrysanthemum cutting 3, deep to plant earthing in middle doubling, planting density presses 25 Zhu/㎡, then by Sesbania seed and thin sea It is husky to be mixed in quality 1:1 ratio, it broadcasts sowing on the saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer 3 for planting twin colored wedelia chinensis, covers green net, 2 Zhou Houtian Cyanines germination, twin colored wedelia chinensis throw off green net after sprouting, and daily using quantitative timing irrigation system sprinkling blade face and greenery patches, water conservation is protected It is wet, after 1 month, extensive pipe can be switched to and supported, greenery patches 4 times/month of watering open 1 times/week of micro-spray system sprinkling blade face, reduce salt damage, Play the purpose of the regular desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching.Through the above method, the zoology green-recovery system of the saline and alkaline sand ground in complete beach is realized, is reached in a short time To Afforestation Landscape, the good action of sand prevention depositing dust is worthy of popularization.
Wherein, organic fertilizer is 23 parts of rice husk, 38 parts of fowl and animal excrement, 15 parts of biogas residue and 10 parts by components by weight percent Mushroom soil carries out that aerobic fermentation is decomposed to be formed after mixing.
Testing result:
The pH value in the temporary road two sides greenery patches Tui Xian on the new airport in the Xiamen island great Deng is detected, measuring its pH is 8.8, Then implement scheme provided by the present invention to it, after administering improvement 4 months, in its soil salt content and pH examine It surveys, acquired results see the table below:
Salt content/% in soil The pH of soil
Embodiment 1 0.098 7.9
Embodiment 2 0.124 8.4
Embodiment 3 0.105 8.1
Administer improvement 6 months after, in its soil salt content and pH detect again, acquired results see the table below:
Salt content/% in soil The pH of soil
Embodiment 1 0.092 7.4
Embodiment 2 0.118 7.9
Embodiment 3 0.099 7.6
The method that there is provided through the invention be can be seen that from the data in table to the temporary road on the new airport in the Xiamen island great Deng The road two sides greenery patches Tui Xian is administered.Over time, the salt content in soil and pH are gradually decreased, and are suitble to majority The normal growth of beach salt-tolerant plant.Show that technical solution provided by the present invention has product to the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach Extremely significant effect, it is suitable for large-scale promotion.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to the foregoing embodiments Invention is explained in detail, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still can be to aforementioned each implementation Technical solution documented by example is modified or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;And these modification or Replacement, the spirit and scope for technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of method for carrying out the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach using salt-tolerant plant, which comprises the following steps:
S1, building castoff or brick slag hook machine are rammed broken uniform and paved in soil bottom, be then laid with one in soil bottom The thick sea sand of layer;
S2, it is laid with two-layer nonwoven in the top of thick sea sand, to form salinity reverse osmosis layer, then by thin sea sand, gardens solid waste Object ferment crushed material, organic fertilizer, farmland anti-drought water-retaining agent and red soil according to 38.5%, 15%, 16%, 0.5%, 30% matter Amount ratio is mixed evenly, and backfills in salinity reverse osmosis layer top, forms saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer;
S3, it ditches on saline and alkaline sandy land amelioration layer top and is laid with irrigation pipe network, set up the support frame of high 4m in arbor growing area, and Set up mini sprinkler, intermediate setting of the mini sprinkler in two rows of arbors, two neighboring mini sprinkler interval 3.5m;In the vertical height of shrub growing area The support of 1m sets up mini sprinkler, and mini sprinkler is arranged among two row shrubs, is laid with 1 row's mini sprinkler, two neighboring mini sprinkler interval 1.5m;Then the mini sprinkler for being 1m in the vacant greenery patches of woodland setting adjacent spaces;Timing irrigation device is installed additional in water inlet, It completes micro- spray drop filling drive salt and moves back salt apparatus system;
S4, the extra large side of leaning in improvement greenery patches, yellow rose of Sharon heeled-in seedling of the plantation through the saline and alkaline domestication 2 years on the spot of the island great Deng, plantation is by ranks The line space of dislocation plantation, every plant of tree presses 3.5m*3.5m, plants 3 rows, becomes salt spray proof, the background forest belt of radix saposhnikoviae and windbreak Band plants the wide 80cm* depth 60cm of plant hole, deep to plant earthing;
S5, road side is leaned on, Nerium odorum heeled-in seedling of the plantation through the saline and alkaline domestication 1 year on the spot of the island great Deng, it is wrong that ranks are pressed in plantation The line space of position plantation, every plant of tree presses 1.5m, plants 2 rows, uses as road shrub landscape belt of blooming, the kind wide 50cm of plant hole, Deep 40cm is deep to plant earthing;
S6, the twin colored wedelia chinensis collected in the greenery patches clip strand field of hayashishita, every rhizome section leaves and takes length 50-55cm, in salt Zanjon cuttage plantation, zanjon wide 20cm, deep 15cm, twin every beam 3 of colored wedelia chinensis cutting, in middle are opened in alkali sandy land amelioration layer Doubling, it is deep to plant earthing;
S7, then Sesbania seed and thin sea sand 1:1 in mass ratio mixed, and broadcasted sowing in the saline and alkaline sand ground for planting twin colored wedelia chinensis It improves on layer, covers green net, sesbania germinates after 2 weeks, and twin colored wedelia chinensis throws off green net after sprouting, and is poured daily using quantitative timing System sprays blade face and greenery patches, is retained moisturizing, after 1 month, can switch to extensive pipe and support, open 1 micro-spray system weekly and spray leaf Face.
2. a kind of method for carrying out the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach using salt-tolerant plant according to claim 1, special Sign is: in the S1 thick sea sand be laid with a thickness of 10-13cm.
3. a kind of method for carrying out the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach using salt-tolerant plant according to claim 1, special Sign is that the organic fertilizer in the S2 is 18-23 parts of rice husk, 30-38 parts of fowl and animal excrement, 10-15 parts by components by weight percent Biogas residue and 6-10 parts of mushroom soil carry out that aerobic fermentation is decomposed to be formed after mixing.
4. a kind of method for carrying out the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach using salt-tolerant plant according to claim 1, special Sign is: the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground ∮ of yellow rose of Sharon heeled-in seedling is 12-15cm in the S4.
5. a kind of method for carrying out the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach using salt-tolerant plant according to claim 1, special Sign is: the specification of Nerium odorum heeled-in seedling is height 1.2m, hat width 0.8m in the S5.
6. a kind of method for carrying out the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach using salt-tolerant plant according to claim 1, special Sign is: the planting density of twin colored wedelia chinensis cutting is 25 Zhu/㎡ in the S6.
7. a kind of method for carrying out the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach using salt-tolerant plant according to claim 1, special Sign is: the frequency that greenery patches is watered in the S7 is the 2-4 times/moon.
CN201910160426.6A 2019-03-04 2019-03-04 A method of the saline and alkaline sand ground zoology green-recovery in beach is carried out using salt-tolerant plant Pending CN109757146A (en)

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CN110754278A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-02-07 青岛农业大学 Ecological restoration method for vegetation in coastal sandy land
CN111642311A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-09-11 深圳小洲生态环境有限公司 Method for planting xu tree in seaside area
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