CN109548504A - A kind of engrafting method of watermelon - Google Patents

A kind of engrafting method of watermelon Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109548504A
CN109548504A CN201811597984.0A CN201811597984A CN109548504A CN 109548504 A CN109548504 A CN 109548504A CN 201811597984 A CN201811597984 A CN 201811597984A CN 109548504 A CN109548504 A CN 109548504A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
watermelon
grafting
stock
scion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811597984.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘义生
武盼盼
刘冰倩
张军
许沁雪
吴阳
许刚
廖德松
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Shucheng County Shufeng Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Shucheng County Shufeng Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Shucheng County Shufeng Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co ltd filed Critical Anhui Shucheng County Shufeng Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co ltd
Priority to CN201811597984.0A priority Critical patent/CN109548504A/en
Publication of CN109548504A publication Critical patent/CN109548504A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/30Grafting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/30Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/05Stirrers
    • B01F27/11Stirrers characterised by the configuration of the stirrers
    • B01F27/19Stirrers with two or more mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis
    • B01F27/191Stirrers with two or more mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis with similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/90Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms 
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Developmental Biology & Embryology (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of engrafting method of watermelon, is related to growth of watermelon technical field of cultivation, it is characterised in that: including following operating procedure, the selection of stock and scion, seedling raise period selection, the mode for selecting grafting method, determining nursery, grafted, grafted after management.Operation of the present invention is convenient, easy to learn, watermelon survival rate is high.

Description

A kind of engrafting method of watermelon
Technical field
The present invention relates to growth of watermelon technical field of cultivation, and in particular to a kind of engrafting method of watermelon.
Background technique
Watermelon is annual liana of overgrowing;Stem, branch are sturdy, have apparent rib.Tendril is more sturdy, has pubescence, and petiole is thick, It is close by pubescence;Blade papery, profile triangular shape is oval, with white green, the short bristle of two masks, and blade base heart.Monoecism. Female, male flower is singly born in axil.Male flower bennet is 3-4 centimetres long, close by the long pubescence of yellowish-brown;Calyx cylinder is wide bell;Corolla is yellowish Color;For stamen closely from life, filigree is short, coyote hole warpage.Female flower: calyx and corolla and male flower are same;Ovary is oval, column cap kidney shape.Fruit Large size is bordering on spherical or ellipse, and meat, succulence, peel smooth, color and decorative pattern are various.Seed is most, oval, black, red Color, two sides is smooth, and base portion blunt circle, usual edge slightly arches upward, flowering fruit bearing stage summer.
Melon nursery is very mature, and there are many high-quality variety of watermelon.But watermelon most avoids continuous cropping, and greenhouse gardening is certainly It all repeats to plant every year, in this way can be increasingly severe not only for the destruction of soil, and also the yield and quality of watermelon also can be by The decline in year causes many losses.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in existing technological deficiency is overcome, a kind of grafting side of watermelon is provided Method.
The following technical solution is employed for the technical problems to be solved by the invention to realize:
A kind of engrafting method of watermelon, it is characterised in that: including following operating procedure,
Step 1: the selection of stock and scion: Grafted Watermelon, Root-stock selection edible gourd seed;Compatibility is strong, bears quality of watermelon More preferably;Scion selects high-quality variety of watermelon, and kind can choose 8424;
Step 2: seedling raise period selects: using edible gourd as stock, sow within 7 days in advance, 6-8 days digging 10-16cm before sowing Soil, and change self-control soil into, mu applies nutritional agents 75-81kg one day after for the previous day of sowing and sowing;
Step 3: selection grafting method: using amplexiforming or the mode of grafting is grafted, sowing west after edible gourd budding Melon, when edible gourd grows to two panels true leaf, watermelon goes out two panels cotyledon, starts to graft at this time;Using high survival rate is amplexiformed, reach 95% More than, and it is easy to learn, final-period management also facilitates;
Step 4: determining the mode of nursery: using hole plate seedling growth, 50 hole hole trays;Facilitate operation when grafting, while also advantageous Grow up in seedling;
Step 5: being grafted:
Determining 3-4 staff before I grafting, station, blade, rag, ethanol for disinfection, the plate of arrangement grafting, 3 Individual's grafting, a people specially provide scion;It works in coordination, improves working efficiency;
When II grafting, a piece of true leaf of stock is controlled with right hand index finger and thumb, middle finger supports another true leaf, left Hand holds a piece of true leaf and two panels cotyledon that blade reams stock, and section not cut out marrow in 0.8-1.3cm when paying attention to cutting Cavity tissue;Index finger and middle finger control two panels cotyledon when cutting scion, and thumb controls stem, cuts out scarf, section ion leaf 1-1.5cm;Stock and scion are sticked after cutting, and are pressed from both sides, can be survived with clip within four days to week age;
Step 6: the management after grafting: guaranteeing that temperature and humidity, temperature are maintained at 25-30 degrees Celsius, relative humidity is maintained at 80%, daystart after grafting, every 5-7 days mu applies nutritional agents 56-61kg;
The self-control soil includes that the material of following parts by weight is made,
10 parts of loess, 14 parts of black earth, 4 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc citrate, caraway last 1 part, 2 parts of green onion end, carrot 4 parts of block, 4 parts of maple leaf, 1 part of milk, 5 parts of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer;
Preparation method includes: to be uniformly mixed above-mentioned material at 45-50 DEG C, then dry at 14-18 DEG C It is sealed 7-10 hour;
The nutritional agents includes that the material of following parts by weight is made,
10 parts of bamboo scraps leachate, 8 parts of corn leaching solution, 3 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc gluconate, KH2PO41 part, MgSO41 part, 3 parts of sawdust, 18 parts of wheat bran, 1 part of lime, 1 part of gypsum, 14 parts of clear water;
The bamboo scraps of the bamboo scraps leachate and the mass ratio of clear water are 1:5;
The niblet of the corn leaching solution and the mass ratio of clear water are 1:20;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material is stirred the then sterile standing of carry out at room temperature at 15-20 DEG C;
A kind of mixing plant of the material of the grafting of the watermelon, including bucket is installed, it installs bucket and is equipped with connecting rod, even Extension bar upper end is equipped with placement plate, and placement plate is equipped with motor, and motor one end connects shaft, is connected with blender in shaft, described It installs bucket bottom and is equipped with discharge port, discharge port is equipped with capping;
The connecting rod is hydraulic telescopic rod, and the mode that connecting rod is fixed by screw is connected in placement plate;Or it puts It sets plate and is equipped with fluting, placement plate is stuck in connecting rod top by fluting;
The mode that the motor is fixed by screw connects placement plate;
The blender is elliptical flat-plate, and blender is equipped with through-hole;
Internal screw thread is equipped in the capping, discharge port is externally provided with external screw thread, and capping is connected through a screw thread with discharge port.
The invention has the benefit that the advantage of grafting is can to guarantee watermelon good quality and high output on the basis of continuous cropping. Because of edible gourd well developed root system, also not high while good with the compatibility of watermelon, the watermelon seedling soil-borne disease after grafting to continuous cropping is required Evil is few, and mouthfeel is good, and yield is high;
And operated using above-mentioned methods, survival rate is more high, and the mouthfeel of watermelon is more preferable, sweet taste is denseer Strongly fragrant, moisture is also more more;
Operation, the method for plantation are very simple, and practicability, applicability are all very wide, in this way many places, Area can be carried out operating, and the requirement for temperature, humidity etc. is not also high, and large area, small-scale plantation, cultivation are all Can with;
Vitamin, amino acid etc. are not only rich in product, but also there are also other nutriments abundant, for self-control The fertility of soil is fine for soil, and fertilizer efficiency is also fine, soil endurance is high;
And self-control soil, nutritional agents are also oneself production, by being made by mixing for different materials, and are controlled Temperature, Production Time etc. will not only allow the nutrient content of product, nutritional ingredient to reduce, reduce, and can also promote inside The activity of nutrition, and the environment such as temperature used also have specific requirement, can stimulate when in use in this way, promote battalion Feeding release and watermelon is also convenient for absorbing;
And operated by homemade mating mixing plant, it will be able to all be grasped in equipment in each stirring link The hydraulic stem for making, can not only facilitating operation, not needing manually to stir, and be arranged can continue to go up and down, thus side Just the stirring and mixing of the material on every aspect, the mixing effect of the blender of arc is more preferable, and blender is equipped with and leads to Hole can not only allow material to pass through and separate, and can play more good mixed effect, and equipment is used to stir self-control Native, nutritional agents effect is very good.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of installation bucket of the invention.
Specific embodiment:
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Conjunction is specifically illustrating, and the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment 1
A kind of engrafting method of watermelon, it is characterised in that: including following operating procedure,
Step 1: the selection of stock and scion: Grafted Watermelon, Root-stock selection edible gourd seed;Compatibility is strong, bears quality of watermelon More preferably;Scion selects high-quality variety of watermelon, and kind can choose 8424;
Step 2: seedling raise period selects: using edible gourd as stock, sow within 7 days in advance, 6-8 days digging 10-16cm before sowing Soil, and change self-control soil into, mu applies nutritional agents 75-81kg one day after for the previous day of sowing and sowing;
Step 3: selection grafting method: using amplexiforming or the mode of grafting is grafted, sowing west after edible gourd budding Melon, when edible gourd grows to two panels true leaf, watermelon goes out two panels cotyledon, starts to graft at this time;Using high survival rate is amplexiformed, reach 95% More than, and it is easy to learn, final-period management also facilitates;
Step 4: determining the mode of nursery: using hole plate seedling growth, 50 hole hole trays;Facilitate operation when grafting, while also advantageous Grow up in seedling;
Step 5: being grafted:
Determining 3-4 staff before I grafting, station, blade, rag, ethanol for disinfection, the plate of arrangement grafting, 3 Individual's grafting, a people specially provide scion;It works in coordination, improves working efficiency;
When II grafting, a piece of true leaf of stock is controlled with right hand index finger and thumb, middle finger supports another true leaf, left Hand holds a piece of true leaf and two panels cotyledon that blade reams stock, and section not cut out marrow in 0.8-1.3cm when paying attention to cutting Cavity tissue;Index finger and middle finger control two panels cotyledon when cutting scion, and thumb controls stem, cuts out scarf, section ion leaf 1-1.5cm;Stock and scion are sticked after cutting, and are pressed from both sides, can be survived with clip within four days to week age;
Step 6: the management after grafting: guaranteeing that temperature and humidity, temperature are maintained at 25-30 degrees Celsius, relative humidity is maintained at 80%, daystart after grafting, every 5-7 days mu applies nutritional agents 56-61kg;
The self-control soil includes that the material of following parts by weight is made,
10 parts of loess, 14 parts of black earth, 4 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc citrate, caraway last 1 part, 2 parts of green onion end, carrot 4 parts of block, 4 parts of maple leaf, 1 part of milk, 5 parts of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer;
Preparation method includes: to be uniformly mixed above-mentioned material at 45-50 DEG C, then dry at 14-18 DEG C It is sealed 7-10 hour;
The nutritional agents includes that the material of following parts by weight is made,
10 parts of bamboo scraps leachate, 8 parts of corn leaching solution, 3 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc gluconate, KH2PO41 part, MgSO41 part, 3 parts of sawdust, 18 parts of wheat bran, 1 part of lime, 1 part of gypsum, 14 parts of clear water;
The bamboo scraps of the bamboo scraps leachate and the mass ratio of clear water are 1:5;
The niblet of the corn leaching solution and the mass ratio of clear water are 1:20;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material is stirred the then sterile standing of carry out at room temperature at 15-20 DEG C;
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the mixing plant of the material of the grafting of a kind of watermelon, including bucket 1 is installed, it holds Barrelling 1 is equipped with connecting rod 2, and 2 upper end of connecting rod is equipped with placement plate 3, and placement plate 3 is equipped with motor 4, and the connection of 4 one end of motor turns Axis 5 is connected with blender 6 in shaft 5, and 1 bottom of installation bucket is equipped with discharge port 7, and discharge port 7 is equipped with capping 8;
The connecting rod 2 is hydraulic telescopic rod, and the mode that connecting rod 2 is fixed by screw is connected in placement plate 3;Or Person's placement plate 3 is equipped with fluting, and placement plate is stuck in 2 top of connecting rod by fluting;
The mode that the motor 4 is fixed by screw connects placement plate 3;
The blender 6 is elliptical flat-plate, and blender 6 is equipped with through-hole 9;
Internal screw thread is equipped in the capping 8, discharge port 7 is externally provided with external screw thread, and capping 8 is connected through a screw thread with discharge port 7.
Embodiment 2
A kind of engrafting method of watermelon, it is characterised in that: including following operating procedure,
Step 1: the selection of stock and scion: Grafted Watermelon, Root-stock selection edible gourd seed;Compatibility is strong, bears quality of watermelon More preferably;Scion selects high-quality variety of watermelon, and kind can choose 8424;
Step 2: seedling raise period selects: it uses edible gourd as stock, sows within 7 days in advance, the previous day of sowing and after planting one Its mu applies nutritional agents 75-81kg;
Step 3: selection grafting method: using amplexiforming or the mode of grafting is grafted, sowing west after edible gourd budding Melon, when edible gourd grows to two panels true leaf, watermelon goes out two panels cotyledon, starts to graft at this time;Using high survival rate is amplexiformed, reach 95% More than, and it is easy to learn, final-period management also facilitates;
Step 4: determining the mode of nursery: using hole plate seedling growth, 50 hole hole trays;Facilitate operation when grafting, while also advantageous Grow up in seedling;
Step 5: being grafted:
Determining 3-4 staff before I grafting, station, blade, rag, ethanol for disinfection, the plate of arrangement grafting, 3 Individual's grafting, a people specially provide scion;It works in coordination, improves working efficiency;
When II grafting, a piece of true leaf of stock is controlled with right hand index finger and thumb, middle finger supports another true leaf, left Hand holds a piece of true leaf and two panels cotyledon that blade reams stock, and section not cut out marrow in 0.8-1.3cm when paying attention to cutting Cavity tissue;Index finger and middle finger control two panels cotyledon when cutting scion, and thumb controls stem, cuts out scarf, section ion leaf 1-1.5cm;Stock and scion are sticked after cutting, and are pressed from both sides, can be survived with clip within four days to week age;
Step 6: the management after grafting: guaranteeing that temperature and humidity, temperature are maintained at 25-30 degrees Celsius, relative humidity is maintained at 80%, daystart after grafting, every 5-7 days mu applies nutritional agents 56-61kg;
The nutritional agents includes that the material of following parts by weight is made,
10 parts of bamboo scraps leachate, 8 parts of corn leaching solution, 3 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc gluconate, KH2PO41 part, MgSO41 part, 3 parts of sawdust, 18 parts of wheat bran, 1 part of lime, 1 part of gypsum, 14 parts of clear water;
The bamboo scraps of the bamboo scraps leachate and the mass ratio of clear water are 1:5;
The niblet of the corn leaching solution and the mass ratio of clear water are 1:20;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material is stirred the then sterile standing of carry out at room temperature at 15-20 DEG C.
Embodiment 3
A kind of engrafting method of watermelon, it is characterised in that: including following operating procedure,
Step 1: the selection of stock and scion: Grafted Watermelon, Root-stock selection edible gourd seed;Compatibility is strong, bears quality of watermelon More preferably;Scion selects high-quality variety of watermelon, and kind can choose 8424;
Step 2: seedling raise period selects: using edible gourd as stock, sow within 7 days in advance, 6-8 days digging 10-16cm before sowing Soil, and change self-control soil into;
Step 3: selection grafting method: using amplexiforming or the mode of grafting is grafted, sowing west after edible gourd budding Melon, when edible gourd grows to two panels true leaf, watermelon goes out two panels cotyledon, starts to graft at this time;Using high survival rate is amplexiformed, reach 95% More than, and it is easy to learn, final-period management also facilitates;
Step 4: determining the mode of nursery: using hole plate seedling growth, 50 hole hole trays;Facilitate operation when grafting, while also advantageous Grow up in seedling;
Step 5: being grafted:
Determining 3-4 staff before I grafting, station, blade, rag, ethanol for disinfection, the plate of arrangement grafting, 3 Individual's grafting, a people specially provide scion;It works in coordination, improves working efficiency;
When II grafting, a piece of true leaf of stock is controlled with right hand index finger and thumb, middle finger supports another true leaf, left Hand holds a piece of true leaf and two panels cotyledon that blade reams stock, and section not cut out marrow in 0.8-1.3cm when paying attention to cutting Cavity tissue;Index finger and middle finger control two panels cotyledon when cutting scion, and thumb controls stem, cuts out scarf, section ion leaf 1-1.5cm;Stock and scion are sticked after cutting, and are pressed from both sides, can be survived with clip within four days to week age;
Step 6: the management after grafting: guaranteeing that temperature and humidity, temperature are maintained at 25-30 degrees Celsius, relative humidity is maintained at 80%;
The self-control soil includes that the material of following parts by weight is made,
10 parts of loess, 14 parts of black earth, 4 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc citrate, caraway last 1 part, 2 parts of green onion end, carrot 4 parts of block, 4 parts of maple leaf, 1 part of milk, 5 parts of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer;
Preparation method includes: to be uniformly mixed above-mentioned material at 45-50 DEG C, then dry at 14-18 DEG C It is sealed 7-10 hour.
Embodiment 4
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of mixing plant of the material of the grafting of watermelon, including bucket 1 is installed, install bucket 1 It is equipped with connecting rod 2,2 upper end of connecting rod is equipped with placement plate 3, and placement plate 3 is equipped with motor 4, and 4 one end of motor connects shaft 5, turns Blender 6 is connected on axis 5,1 bottom of installation bucket is equipped with discharge port 7, and discharge port 7 is equipped with capping 8;
The connecting rod 2 is hydraulic telescopic rod, and the mode that connecting rod 2 is fixed by screw is connected in placement plate 3;Or Person's placement plate 3 is equipped with fluting, and placement plate is stuck in 2 top of connecting rod by fluting;
The mode that the motor 4 is fixed by screw connects placement plate 3;
The blender 6 is elliptical flat-plate, and blender 6 is equipped with through-hole 9;
Internal screw thread is equipped in the capping 8, discharge port 7 is externally provided with external screw thread, and capping 8 is connected through a screw thread with discharge port 7.
Through measuring, the experimental data are shown in the following table for the product of 1-3 of the embodiment of the present invention:
Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 32
Protein content 280-290mg/g 260-270mg/g 260-270mg/g
Calcium, phosphorus, iron total content 140-150mg/g 110-120mg/g 110-120mg/g
Content of cellulose 300-310mg/g 300-310mg/g 270-280mg/g
Survival rate 99% 97% 95%
Smell and mouthfeel Excellent taste has faint scent Excellent taste has faint scent Excellent taste has faint scent
Through measuring, the nutrition data of self-control soil of the embodiment of the present invention is as follows:
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of engrafting method of watermelon, it is characterised in that: including following operating procedure,
Step 1: the selection of stock and scion: Grafted Watermelon, Root-stock selection edible gourd seed;Scion selects high-quality variety of watermelon;
Step 2: seedling raise period selects: it uses edible gourd as stock, sows within 7 days in advance, 6-8 days digging 10-16cm soil before sowing, and Change self-control soil into, mu applies nutritional agents 75-81kg one day after for the previous day of sowing and sowing;
Step 3: selection grafting method: using amplexiforming or the mode of grafting is grafted, watermelon is sowed after edible gourd budding, When edible gourd grows to two panels true leaf, watermelon goes out two panels cotyledon, starts to graft at this time;
Step 4: determining the mode of nursery: using hole plate seedling growth, 50 hole hole trays;
Step 5: being grafted:
3-4 staff is determined before I grafting, arranges station, blade, rag, ethanol for disinfection, the plate of grafting, 3 people Grafting, a people specially provide scion;
When II grafting, a piece of true leaf of stock is controlled with right hand index finger and thumb, middle finger supports another true leaf, and left hand is taken Blade ream a piece of true leaf and two panels cotyledon of stock, section not cut out pulp cavity group in 0.8-1.3cm when paying attention to cutting It knits;Index finger and middle finger control two panels cotyledon when cutting scion, and thumb controls stem, cuts out scarf, section ion leaf 1- 1.5cm;Stock and scion are sticked after cutting, and are pressed from both sides with clip;
Step 6: the management after grafting: guarantee that temperature and humidity, temperature are maintained at 25-30 degrees Celsius, relative humidity is maintained at 80%, Daystart after grafting, every 5-7 days mu apply nutritional agents 56-61kg.
2. a kind of engrafting method of watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the self-control soil includes following weight The material of part is made,
10 parts of loess, 14 parts of black earth, 4 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc citrate, caraway last 1 part, 2 parts of green onion end, carrot block 4 Part, 4 parts of maple leaf, 1 part of milk, 5 parts of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer.
3. a kind of engrafting method of watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the nutritional agents includes following weight The material of part is made,
10 parts of bamboo scraps leachate, 8 parts of corn leaching solution, 3 parts of calcium gluconate, 3 parts of zinc gluconate, KH2PO41 part, MgSO41 Part, 3 parts of sawdust, 18 parts of wheat bran, 1 part of lime, 1 part of gypsum, 14 parts of clear water.
4. a kind of engrafting method of watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a kind of grafting of watermelon The mixing plant of material, including bucket is installed, it installs bucket and is equipped with connecting rod, connecting rod upper end is equipped with placement plate, sets in placement plate There is a motor, motor one end connects shaft, is connected with blender in shaft, and the installations bucket bottom is equipped with discharge port, on discharge port Equipped with capping.
CN201811597984.0A 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 A kind of engrafting method of watermelon Pending CN109548504A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811597984.0A CN109548504A (en) 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 A kind of engrafting method of watermelon

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811597984.0A CN109548504A (en) 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 A kind of engrafting method of watermelon

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109548504A true CN109548504A (en) 2019-04-02

Family

ID=65871144

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811597984.0A Pending CN109548504A (en) 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 A kind of engrafting method of watermelon

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109548504A (en)

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08252029A (en) * 1994-12-10 1996-10-01 San Soo Lee Method of grafting for fruit and vegetables
CN1561668A (en) * 2004-03-24 2005-01-12 许盛英 Grafting method for water melon big bud and big anvil
CN103416228A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 赵效东 Method for planting organic watermelons
CN203764166U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-08-13 佛山市南海嘉多彩粉末涂料有限公司 Mixing equipment for powder coating production
CN204234011U (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-04-01 重庆顺方机械制造有限公司 A kind of slurries blending tank
CN104982216A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-10-21 蔡鹏� Method for cultivating watermelons with mulch film
CN105123197A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-09 颍上县小张庄农业科技有限公司 Method for planting watermelons in eastern region of Fuyang
CN205288428U (en) * 2016-01-16 2016-06-08 临沂大学 Portable high -efficient reation kettle for chemistry experiments
CN106613676A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 柳州市香柳苗木种植专业合作社 Planting method of pear trees
CN206355887U (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-07-28 安徽正大板蓝花健康产业有限公司 A kind of dispensing dissolving machine stirred based on frequency conversion
CN207391434U (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-05-22 山东惠尔佳生物有限公司 A kind of enzyme digestion reaction tank for soybean lecithin
CN108323338A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-07-27 张贻祥 A kind of Grafting watermelon breeding method

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08252029A (en) * 1994-12-10 1996-10-01 San Soo Lee Method of grafting for fruit and vegetables
CN1561668A (en) * 2004-03-24 2005-01-12 许盛英 Grafting method for water melon big bud and big anvil
CN103416228A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 赵效东 Method for planting organic watermelons
CN203764166U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-08-13 佛山市南海嘉多彩粉末涂料有限公司 Mixing equipment for powder coating production
CN204234011U (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-04-01 重庆顺方机械制造有限公司 A kind of slurries blending tank
CN104982216A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-10-21 蔡鹏� Method for cultivating watermelons with mulch film
CN105123197A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-09 颍上县小张庄农业科技有限公司 Method for planting watermelons in eastern region of Fuyang
CN205288428U (en) * 2016-01-16 2016-06-08 临沂大学 Portable high -efficient reation kettle for chemistry experiments
CN206355887U (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-07-28 安徽正大板蓝花健康产业有限公司 A kind of dispensing dissolving machine stirred based on frequency conversion
CN106613676A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 柳州市香柳苗木种植专业合作社 Planting method of pear trees
CN207391434U (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-05-22 山东惠尔佳生物有限公司 A kind of enzyme digestion reaction tank for soybean lecithin
CN108323338A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-07-27 张贻祥 A kind of Grafting watermelon breeding method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘永辉: "《跟王乐义学种大棚菜》", 31 May 2009, 山东科学技术出版社 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102584397B (en) Water culturing nutrient solution as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN103918475B (en) The elegant precious method of mushroom bonsai type cultivation and the medium for cultivating elegant precious mushroom
CN103766114A (en) Selenium-rich fragrant taro cultivating method
CN104885745B (en) A kind of interplanting method of balloonflower root and cowpea
CN102144540A (en) Method for producing dendrobium officinale tissue culture mycorrhizal seedlings
CN106069218A (en) A kind of method improving batch production greenhouse watermelon Seedling graft seedling growth survival rate
CN104641943A (en) Method for cultivating pleurotu comucopiae on mulberry twigs
CN112980701A (en) Composite microbial inoculum for promoting germination and growth of dendrobium officinale seeds
CN105613192A (en) Planting method for increasing sweetness of Ficus carica
CN105532234B (en) The breeding method of red heart Hylocereus undatus
Praveen et al. Influence of biostimulants on growth and yield of floribunda rose cv. Mirabel
KR101932981B1 (en) Sprout trimming method using maple cider
CN104663161A (en) Crowndaisy chrysanthemum breeding process
CN106172505A (en) A kind of high-yield planting method of organic bananas
CN109328866A (en) A kind of implantation methods of Agricus blazei
CN105248147A (en) Needle-leaved tree agaric cultivation method
CN107926317A (en) The engrafting method of fructus crataegi pinnatifidae tree
CN107750851A (en) Interplant to a kind of eggplant, tomato or green pepper the cultural method of Stropharia rugoso-annulata
CN109548504A (en) A kind of engrafting method of watermelon
CN109757380A (en) A kind of Snakegourd Fruit seedling tissue culture implantation methods
CN105165363A (en) High-yield seed multiplication method for talinum crassifolium
CN108863544A (en) A kind of fermenting bean dregs fertilizers for potted flowers and preparation method and application
CN109089770A (en) A kind of watermelon seedling culturing method of high temperature tolerance
CN107736203A (en) A kind of as if field winter bamboo shoot implantation methods
CN106518310A (en) Fertilizer used for vitis vinifera L. cultivated in greenhouse

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20190402