CN108634341B - A automatic preprocessing device of fruit for canned fruit production - Google Patents

A automatic preprocessing device of fruit for canned fruit production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108634341B
CN108634341B CN201810285808.7A CN201810285808A CN108634341B CN 108634341 B CN108634341 B CN 108634341B CN 201810285808 A CN201810285808 A CN 201810285808A CN 108634341 B CN108634341 B CN 108634341B
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Prior art keywords
fruit
shaped
oil cylinder
groove
bottom end
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CN108634341A (en
Inventor
洪权斌
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Chongqing Steady Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Chongqing Steady Technology Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B7/00Preservation or chemical ripening of fruit or vegetables
    • A23B7/14Preserving or ripening with chemicals not covered by groups A23B7/08 or A23B7/10
    • A23B7/144Preserving or ripening with chemicals not covered by groups A23B7/08 or A23B7/10 in the form of gases, e.g. fumigation; Compositions or apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N4/00Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit, characterised by their stoning or removing device
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D9/00Cutting apparatus combined with punching or perforating apparatus or with dissimilar cutting apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D2210/00Machines or methods used for cutting special materials
    • B26D2210/02Machines or methods used for cutting special materials for cutting food products, e.g. food slicers

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic fruit preprocessing device for fruit can production, which comprises a base, wherein a fruit peeling and cutting integrated device is arranged on the base, the fruit peeling and cutting integrated device comprises a U-shaped frame, a peeling device is arranged at the top end of the U-shaped frame, a pushing device is arranged at the bottom end of the U-shaped frame through a supporting plate, a second horizontal oil cylinder and a low-speed motor are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame, the right end of the second horizontal oil cylinder is connected with a pushing rod through a piston rod, a circular pushing block and a pushing block are respectively arranged on the outer side and the right end of the pushing rod, the left end of the low-speed motor is connected with a circular core cutter through a motor shaft, a plurality of slicing knives are equidistantly arranged on the outer side of the circular core cutter, a second micro oil cylinder is fixed on the inner side of the circular core cutter, and a pressing block is connected with the left end of the second micro oil cylinder through a piston rod, so that not only peeling, slicing, cutting and core removing can be carried out on fruits, but also can automatically convey the fruit cut into blocks to the pushing device, thereby improving the production efficiency of the canned fruit.

Description

A automatic preprocessing device of fruit for canned fruit production
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of food production, in particular to an automatic fruit preprocessing device for fruit can production.
Background
The fruit cans are named differently according to different materials, and the raw materials of the common fruit cans are obtained from fruits, including yellow peaches, apples, litchis, strawberries, hawthorns and the like. The product mainly comprises canned yellow peach, canned strawberry, canned orange and the like.
(1) Processing fruit raw materials, namely sorting and washing the raw materials. The sorting aims at eliminating rotten and mildewed fruits with insect eyes and grading according to the size and the quality of raw materials. The purpose of washing is to remove dust, silt and part of microorganisms attached to the surface of the fruit. When in treatment, the raw materials are soaked in dilute hydrochloric acid (0+ 5-l%) and then washed by clean water. Peeling and trimming the raw materials. The aim of peeling is to remove the rough skin of the fruit in order not to cause poor mouthfeel. The peeling method comprises manual peeling, mechanical peeling and the like. The purpose of the trimming is to increase the aesthetic appearance of the fruit pieces. The hot poverty, rinsing and scalding of the raw materials are to put fruits into boiling water or steam for short-time heating treatment, and the purposes of stabilizing color and improving flavor are mainly achieved; softening tissue, facilitating canning, removing water, keeping solid stable when opening the can, and killing part of microorganisms attached to fruits. And fourthly, evacuating the raw materials. The fruit contains a certain amount of air inside, and the fruit contains air, which is not beneficial to the processing of the can. Therefore, some fruits with high air content or color are preferably subjected to vacuum evacuation treatment before canning, i.e. a vacuum state is generated by a vacuum pump or other machinery, so that air in the fruits is released and replaced by sugar water. (2) Canning according to the product standard requirements, removing mildewed fruits with insect eyes, and canning according to the size, color and luster grades. (3) And (4) exhausting and sealing. After the fruit cans are canned and the sugar water is added, the fruit cans need to be subjected to exhaust treatment and then are quickly sealed. Generally, a heating exhaust method is adopted, the temperature of an exhaust box is 82-96 t, the time is 7-20 minutes, and the central temperature of the tank before sealing reaches 75-80 ℃. (4) Sterilizing and cooling, wherein the canned fruit belongs to acidic food, and the pH value is generally below 45, so that the canned fruit is sterilized by boiling water or temperature below boiling point. After the sterilization of the cans is finished, the cans are required to be quickly cooled by cold water to prevent the quality of the cans from being affected by the continuous heating.
For example, the invention relates to a production device of mixed fruit can and a production method thereof in patent number 201710335981.9, wherein the mixed fruit can is formed by processing a grape processing line and a honey peach processing line respectively and mixing the two processing lines through a mixing processing line, and the processing efficiency is high and the overall design is reasonable. But only certain canned fruits can be processed, so the applicability is low, the structure is complex and the cost is high.
However, the existing production of canned fruits has the following defects:
(1) most of the production processes of the canned fruits need manual operation, and are time-consuming and labor-consuming;
(2) the fruit can is required to be cleaned before production, manual cleaning consumes much time and energy, and the fruit can be cleaned by a machine, so that the peel of the fruit is easily broken, and the taste of the fruit is affected;
(3) the prior fruit can processing equipment is used for separately peeling, stoning and slicing fruits, so that the production efficiency is low, the structure is complex and the cost is high;
(4) when the existing canned fruit is canned, massive fruits are put into the can body firstly, then the syrup is poured into the can body, the vacuum pumping is carried out, then the bottle cap is screwed on, the whole process is not more complicated, a large amount of time needs to be consumed by general production equipment, the production efficiency of the canned fruit is not high, the vacuumizing operation cannot enable the bottle to keep a high vacuum degree, and the preservation time of the canned fruit is not long.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior technical scheme, the invention provides an automatic fruit preprocessing device for canned fruit production, the multifunctional fruit cleaning device can scrub and wash fruits, the labor is saved, the fruit cleaning quality is good, the efficiency is high, the fruit peeling and cutting integrated device can peel, cut and denucleate fruits, the production efficiency is greatly improved, the fruit block heating device can kill harmful bacteria in fruit blocks and improve the flavor of the fruits, the storage time of cans is prolonged, the vacuum canning device can be used for mechanically operating the fruits entering cans, the syrup entering the cans and the bottle caps, the labor and the time are greatly saved, the canning operation of the fruits is carried out in a vacuum environment, the canned fruit processing is more sanitary and safe, the quality and the storage time of the canned fruits are improved, and the overall production efficiency of the cans is improved, the problems brought forward by the background technology can be effectively solved.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
the utility model provides an automatic preprocessing device of fruit for canned fruit production, includes the base, from left to right install multi-functional fruit belt cleaning device, fruit peel and cut a body device, fruit piece heating device and vacuum canning device on the base in proper order, through multi-functional fruit belt cleaning device manual collection after with fruit raw materials washing, and pack into fruit peel and cut a body device and directly pass through after handling fruit piece heating device processes, send into vacuum canning device packing finished product automatically.
Further, multi-functional fruit belt cleaning device is including fixing at the left U-shaped installation shell in base top, the bottom of U-shaped installation shell is equipped with the water receiving box, the transmission chain is installed through the sprocket in the inside of U-shaped installation shell, the top left side and the right side of U-shaped installation shell are fixed with cleaning solution case and clean water case respectively, all install fruit through the bearing plate on each section chain of transmission chain and carry anchor clamps, the bottom of cleaning solution case is equipped with fixes the washing device on U-shaped installation shell inboard, all be fixed with the water pump in cleaning solution case and the clean water case, the water pump is connected with the water pipe, the water union coupling has a plurality of minutes pipe.
Further, fruit conveying clamp is including fixing the L shape frame in the bearing plate bottom, the top of L shape frame is fixed with micro motor through the motor cabinet, first miniature hydro-cylinder is installed through the hydro-cylinder seat in the bottom left side of L shape frame, the micro motor bottom is connected with the rotation depression bar down through the motor shaft, it is fixed with circular cone non slipping spur to rotate depression bar bottom, first miniature hydro-cylinder bottom passes L shape frame bottom through the piston rod and is connected with the L shaped plate, the bottom of L shaped plate is equipped with pole groove and a plurality of ball groove, the inside in pole groove and ball groove is inserted respectively and is equipped with from the bull stick and change the pearl, be fixed with toper bearing piece from the bull stick top, toper bearing piece bottom surface contacts with the top side of changeing the pearl.
Furthermore, the scrubbing device comprises a plurality of first horizontal oil cylinders fixed at the front end and the rear end of the U-shaped mounting shell through oil cylinder seats, one end of each first horizontal oil cylinder is connected with an extrusion block through a piston rod, an elastic buffer block is installed on one side of each extrusion block, a half fruit groove is formed in each elastic buffer block, and scrubbing sponges are arranged in the half fruit grooves.
Further, the fruit peeling and slicing integrated device comprises a U-shaped frame, a peeling device is mounted at the top end of the U-shaped frame, a pushing device is mounted at the bottom end of the U-shaped frame through a supporting plate, a second horizontal oil cylinder and a low-speed motor are mounted on the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame respectively, the right end of the second horizontal oil cylinder is connected with a pushing rod through a piston rod, a circular pushing block and a pushing block are mounted on the outer side and the right end of the pushing rod respectively, the left end of the low-speed motor is connected with a circular core cutting knife through a motor shaft, a plurality of slicing knives are mounted on the outer side of the circular core cutting knife at equal intervals, a second micro oil cylinder is fixed on the inner side of the circular core cutting knife, and the left end of the second micro oil cylinder is connected with a pressing block through a piston rod.
Further, the peeling device comprises a vertical oil cylinder fixed to the top end of the U-shaped frame, the bottom end of the vertical oil cylinder is connected with an annular seat through a piston rod, a driving motor is installed at the top end of the annular seat, a semi-ring sliding groove is formed in the annular seat, one end of the driving motor is connected with a driving gear through an output shaft, an arc-shaped rack is inserted into the semi-ring sliding groove, the top side of the arc-shaped rack is meshed with the driving gear, and peeling blades are installed on the left side and the right side of the bottom end of the arc-shaped rack.
Further, pusher is including fixing promotion hydro-cylinder and the inclined plane board on backup pad top left side and right side respectively, promotion hydro-cylinder right-hand member is connected with the push pedal through the piston rod, the articulated flourishing fruit board of U-shaped in push pedal bottom.
Further, fruit piece heating device passes through the supporting shoe and fixes the steam pot in the bottom plate top, the top of steam pot articulates there is sealed lid, the one end of steam pot is connected with the steam pipe, the inside bottom mounting of steam pot has the blotter, the right-hand member of steam pot is equipped with the fruit export, the left side of blotter is equipped with the pay-off cylinder, the pay-off cylinder right-hand member is connected with the shovel through the piston rod, fruit export right side bottom is equipped with the slope flitch, it has the swing switch door to articulate in the fruit export, slope flitch bottom side is fixed with the slope hydro-cylinder, slope hydro-cylinder bottom is connected with the extension stock guide through the piston rod.
Further, vacuum tinning device includes the frame shell, frame shell one side is connected with the vacuum pump of fixing on the bottom plate through the vacuum suction tube, the equal movable mounting of left end and right-hand member of frame shell has the slip sealing door, the conveyer belt is installed to the inside bottom of frame shell, frame shell top is fixed with adds the water tank, slip sealing door one end is connected with drive arrangement, the equidistance is equipped with a plurality of bottle standing grooves on the conveyer belt, the right side top of conveyer belt is equipped with bottle clamping device and automatic spiral cover device, it has the water injection pump to add water tank internally mounted, the bottom of water injection pump is connected with the water injection pipe, install the flow valve on the water injection pipe.
Furthermore, the bottom end of the sliding sealing door is movably connected with a door plate sliding rail, the driving device comprises a connecting plate which fixedly connects the two sliding driving doors together, and a push-pull air cylinder is arranged on the rear side of the connecting plate and connected with one side of the connecting plate through a piston rod.
Further, the bottle body clamping device comprises two pressing oil cylinders fixed on the front side and the rear side inside the frame-shaped shell, the pressing oil cylinders are connected with a semi-annular clamping strip through piston rods, and one side of the semi-annular clamping strip is connected with an anti-skidding cushion pad.
Further, automatic spiral cover device is including fixing the vertical erection column on the inside top of frame shell, the left side and the right side bottom of vertical erection column are equipped with the cylindricality respectively and put lid groove and lower cover groove, lift cylinder is installed on vertical erection column top right side, the cylindricality is put lid groove right side and is connected with the lower cover groove, the cylindricality is put lid tank bottom left side and is equipped with horizontal telescopic link and pushes away the strip, movable mounting has sealed top cap on the groove is put to the bottle lid, the lift cylinder bottom is connected with through the piston rod and attracts the pillar magnet, it is equipped with spiral cover anchor clamps to attract the pillar bottom.
Further, the spiral cover fixture comprises a plurality of descending oil cylinders fixed at the bottom end of the vertical mounting column, the bottom ends of the descending oil cylinders are connected with an annular sliding seat through piston rods, annular sliding blocks are inserted into the annular sliding seat through annular sliding grooves, rotating motors are mounted on the annular sliding seat and connected with transmission gears through motor shafts, tooth grooves are formed in the outer sides of the annular sliding blocks, gear teeth of the transmission gears are matched with the tooth grooves, V-shaped grooves, cylindrical grooves and motor grooves are formed in the annular sliding blocks, micro motors and nuts are respectively arranged in the motor grooves and the cylindrical grooves, the micro motors are connected with small gears through the motor shafts, annular outer gears meshed with the small gears are mounted on the outer sides of the nuts, screw rods are meshed with the inner sides of the nuts, and two semi-ring clamps are hinged to one ends of the screw rods.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the multifunctional fruit cleaning device can scrub and wash fruits, so that manpower is saved, impurities or pesticide residues on the surfaces of the fruits are cleaned more cleanly, the skins of the fruits are not damaged, cleaning liquid cannot leak into the fruits, the taste of the fruits is kept, and the post-production quality of canned fruits is guaranteed;
(2) the fruit peeling and cutting integrated device can peel, cut and denucleate fruits, and can automatically and directly convey the cut fruits to the pushing device, so that the processing efficiency of the fruits is greatly improved, the conversion time of different procedures of canned fruits is saved, and the production efficiency of canned fruits is improved;
(3) the fruit block heating device can apply pressure and temperature to the fruit blocks, so that harmful bacteria in the fruit blocks are killed under the action of high temperature and high pressure, certain moisture is removed from the fruit blocks by heating, the color and luster are more stable, the flavor of fruits is improved, and the storage time of cans is prolonged;
(4) the vacuum canning device disclosed by the invention has the advantages that the installation of fruits entering the can bottle, the installation of syrup entering the can bottle and the installation of the bottle cap are machine operations, the labor and the time are greatly saved, the canning operation of the fruits is carried out in a vacuum environment, the fruits cannot be polluted by air impurities or fungi, the processing of the canned fruits is more sanitary and safer, the quality and the storage time of the canned fruits are improved, the trouble of vacuumizing the subsequent bottle body is avoided, the canning time is greatly saved, the integral production efficiency of the can is improved, the structure is simple, the cost is low, various canned fruits such as apples, pears, peaches and the like can be processed, and the applicability is wider.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the multifunctional fruit washing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the scrubbing device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the fruit conveying clamp of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of an integrated device for peeling and cutting fruits according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the peeling apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the fruit mass heating apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the inclined discharging plate of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the vacuum canning apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the driving device of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of an automatic cap screwing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the annular slider of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures:
1-a multifunctional fruit cleaning device; 2-peeling and cutting the fruit into pieces; 3-fruit piece heating device; 4-vacuum canning device; 5-fruit conveying clamp; 6-a rubbing device; 7-peeling means; 8, an automatic cover screwing device; 9-screwing a cover fixture; 10-a base;
11-U-shaped mounting shells; 12-a water receiving box; 13-a transmission chain; 14-a cleaning solution tank; 15-a fruit conveying fixture; 16-a bearing plate; 17-a water pump; 18-a water pipe; 19-pipe separation;
21-a U-shaped frame; 22-a support plate; 23-a pushing device; 24-a second horizontal cylinder; 25-low speed motor; 26-a pushing rod; 27-ring-shaped nucleus cutting knife; 28-a slicing knife;
231-pushing oil cylinder; 232-inclined plane board; 233-push plate; 234-U-shaped fruit containing plates;
261-a circular ring push block; 262-a pusher block;
271-a second micro oil cylinder; 272-a compression block;
31-a support block; 32-a steam pot; 33-a buffer pad; 34-a feeding cylinder; 35-pushing shovel; 36-inclined discharge plate; 37-tilting cylinder; 38-an extended guide plate;
321-a sealing cover; 322-steam pipe; 323-fruit outlet; 324-a movable switch door;
41-frame-shaped housing; 42-vacuum suction tube; 43-vacuum pump; 44-sliding sealing door; 45-a conveyor belt; 46-water adding tank; 47-a drive device; 48-a can holding groove; 49-bottle body clamping device;
411-the bottle cap is put into the groove; 412-a seal cap;
461-water injection pump; 462-a main water pipe; 463-a flow valve;
471-door panel slide rail; 472-connecting plate; 793-push-pull cylinder;
491-clamping oil cylinder; 492-a semi-annular gib; 493-non-slip buffer;
a 51-L shaped frame; 52- -micro motor; 53-a first micro cylinder; 54-rotating the lower pressing rod; 55-conical non-slip blocks; 56-L shaped plate; 57-slave turn bar; 58-rolling beads; 59-tapered bearing blocks;
561-rod groove; 562-a ball groove;
61-a first horizontal cylinder; 62-extruding block; 63-elastic buffer block; 64-half fruit groove; 65-scrubbing sponge;
71-a vertical cylinder; 72-an annular seat; 73-drive motor; 74-semi-ring runner; 75-arc shaped rack; 76-a peeling blade; 77-a drive gear;
81-vertical mounting posts; 82-a lift cylinder; 83-attracting magnetic pole; 84-horizontal telescopic rods; 85-push strip;
811-cylindrical cover-placing grooves; 812-lower lid slot;
91-vertical mounting posts; 92-an annular chute; 93-an annular slider; 94-a rotating electrical machine; 95-a transmission gear; 96-pinion gear; 97-a micro motor; 98-a nut; 99-lowering the cylinder;
931-V-shaped grooves; 932-cylindrical grooves; 933-motor slot; 934-gullet;
981-ring shaped external gear; 982-screw; 983-semi-ring clamp.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the invention provides an automatic fruit preprocessing device for canned fruit production, which comprises a base 10, wherein a multifunctional fruit cleaning device 1, a fruit peeling and cutting integrated device 2, a fruit block heating device 3 and a vacuum canning device 4 are sequentially arranged on the base 10 from left to right, fruit raw materials are manually collected after being cleaned by the multifunctional fruit cleaning device 1, and are directly processed by the fruit block heating device 3 after being processed by the fruit peeling and cutting integrated device 2, and the processed fruit raw materials are automatically sent to the vacuum canning device 4 to be packaged into finished products.
The whole processing process of the invention is as follows: multifunctional fruit belt cleaning device 1 can rub with the hands fruit raw materials and wash, then fruit is peeled and is cut a piece integrative device 2 and peel, denucleate and the stripping and slicing operation to fruit, and fruit piece heating device 3 carries out heat sterilization to cubic fruit after that, and vacuum canning device 4 carries out vacuum seal jar to the fruit piece at last, has accomplished canned fruit's production.
The multifunctional fruit cleaning device 1 comprises a U-shaped mounting shell 11 fixed on the left side of the top of a base 10, a water receiving box 12 is arranged at the bottom end of the U-shaped mounting shell 11, the water receiving box 12 can receive water after fruit cleaning, and after the water amount in the water receiving box 12 reaches a certain volume, a water outlet pipe and a water valve connected with the bottom end of the water receiving box 12 control whether to drain water or not, so that the water cannot pollute a production workshop, and the water can be recycled or better processed, and accords with the theme of environmental protection.
A cleaning liquid tank 14 and a clean water tank 15 are respectively fixed on the left side and the right side of the top end of the U-shaped mounting shell 11, water for cleaning such as tap water is contained in the clean water tank 15, solution for cleaning fruits is contained in the cleaning liquid tank 15, such as salt water can clean wax on the surface of an apple and wool on the surface of a peach, white frost on the surface of a grape can be removed by water prepared from flour, and pollutants such as insects, pesticides and the like in the fruits can be removed by solutions such as rice washing water. Different cleaning liquids are selected according to the types of fruits, so that the fruits are cleaner, and the can processing is more sanitary.
The bottom of cleaning solution case 14 is equipped with fixes the washing device 6 that rubs with the hands on U-shaped installation shell 11 is inboard, all be fixed with water pump 17 in cleaning solution case 14 and the clean water tank 15, water pump 17 is connected with water pipe 18, water pipe 18 is connected with a plurality of and divides pipe 19, and the bottom of a plurality of branch pipe 19 is fixed respectively at the inside top, inside front end and the inside rear end of U-shaped installation shell 11 to make fruit from the top, preceding, three direction in back can both obtain washing of water and washing liquid, the fruit wash the area bigger, the fruit washs more thoroughly.
Transmission chain 13 is installed through the sprocket in the inside of U-shaped installation shell 11, and for guaranteeing the stability of washing operation of rubbing device 6 to fruit, transmission chain 13 adopts step motor drive, and transmission chain 13 carries fruit and pauses after a period promptly, waits for to rub device 6 and convey fruit once more with fruit sanitization back transmission chain 13.
The fruit conveying clamp is characterized in that each section of the conveying chain 13 is provided with a fruit conveying clamp 5 through a bearing plate 16, each fruit conveying clamp 5 comprises an L-shaped frame 51 fixed at the bottom end of the bearing plate 16, a micro motor 52 is fixed at the top end of each L-shaped frame 51 through a motor base, a first micro oil cylinder 53 is installed on the left side of the bottom end of each L-shaped frame 51 through an oil cylinder base, the bottom end of each micro motor 52 is connected with a rotating lower pressing rod 54 through a motor shaft, a conical anti-skid block 55 is fixed at the bottom end of each rotating lower pressing rod 54, and a conical groove is formed in the top end of each conical anti-skid block 55, so that sharp fruits such as peaches and the like with one sharp end can be clamped by the fruit conveying clamp 5, and the applicability is wider.
The bottom end of the first miniature oil cylinder 53 penetrates through the bottom end of the L-shaped frame 51 through the piston rod to be connected with the L-shaped plate 56, the conical bearing block 59 is fixed at the top end of the rotating rod 57, and the conical bearing block 59 and the conical anti-slip block 55 are both made of non-toxic rubber or silica gel and the like, so that fruits can be well clamped, the fruits do not slip when being scrubbed, the fruits cannot be clamped, the fruit peel is not damaged when the fruits are cleaned, and the fruit cleaning quality is improved.
The bottom end of the L-shaped plate 56 is provided with a rod groove 561 and a plurality of ball grooves 562, the interior of the rod groove 561 and the ball grooves 562 are respectively inserted with a slave rotating rod 57 and a rotating ball 58, the bottom surface of the conical bearing block 59 is contacted with the top side of the rotating ball 58, and the conical bearing block 59 can easily rotate along with the rotation of the fruit due to the design of the rotating ball 58, so that the fruit can be cleaned more easily in a rotating manner. Toper bearing block 59 can insert in the recess of fruits such as apple, pears, and toper bearing block 59 can support the weight of fruit well, and toper bearing block 59 is located conical non slipping spur 55 directly over or directly under, and toper bearing block 59 can press from both sides tight fruit with conical non slipping spur 55 cooperation jointly.
It should be noted that the waterproof covers are attached to the outer sides of the micro motor 52 and the first micro oil cylinder 53, so that when the fruit is washed, the motor and the oil cylinder do not stop working due to wetting, and the fruit washing process is more stable.
The rubbing device 6 comprises a plurality of first horizontal oil cylinders 61 fixed at the front end and the rear end of the U-shaped mounting shell 11 through oil cylinder seats, the rubbing device 6 is positioned below the cleaning liquid box 14, and the branch pipes 19 spray cleaning liquid to fruits during rubbing, so that the rubbing efficiency and the quality of the fruits are higher. The first horizontal oil cylinders 61 at the front end and the rear end of the U-shaped mounting shell 11 correspond to each other one by one, namely, piston rods of the front oil cylinder and the rear oil cylinder can extend and contract simultaneously, so that the two squeezing blocks 62 can apply pressure to one fruit, and dirt on the surface of the fruit can be scrubbed.
The one end of first horizontal cylinder 61 is connected with extrusion piece 62 through the piston rod, the elastic buffer block 63 is installed to one side of extrusion piece 62, be equipped with half fruit recess 64 in the elastic buffer block 63, half fruit recess 64 can hold fruit, be equipped with in half fruit recess 64 and clean sponge 65, clean sponge 65 and wipe the thing for the flexible thing of washing, consequently clean the in-process to fruit, can not make the broken skin of fruit, also avoided the washing liquid to get into fruit and destroyed the taste of fruit.
The fruit cleaning operation process of the multifunctional fruit cleaning device 1 is as follows:
(1) loading: the conveying chain 13 is paused, the fruit conveying clamp 5 on the top conveying chain 13 is clamped with the fruit, and the operation is as follows: firstly, fruits are placed on the conical anti-skid block 55 and are placed right, the first micro oil cylinder 53 is started to enable the lower pressing rod 54 to drive the conical anti-skid block 55 to ascend, and the conical anti-skid block 55 and the conical bearing block 59 are close to each other to clamp the fruits;
(2) scrubbing: the transportation is suspended after the fruit is transported to the scrubbing position of the scrubbing device 6 by the transmission chain 13, the water pump 17 is started, the branch pipe 19 starts to spray cleaning liquid and purified water to the fruit, the micro motor 52 is started to drive the rotating lower pressure rod 24 to drive the conical anti-skid block 55 and the fruit to slowly rotate, the piston rods of a plurality of first horizontal oil cylinders 61 at the front end and the rear end of the scrubbing device 6 are extended, so that the extrusion blocks 62 are close to each other to clamp the two sides of the fruit, the fruit is rubbed with the scrubbing sponge 65 during slow rotation, and dirt or pesticide residues on the surface of the fruit are scrubbed and removed by wetting the cleaning liquid
(3) Water purification and flushing: after the fruits are scrubbed, the squeezing blocks 62 on the two sides of the fruits are far away from each other and the fruits are not scrubbed any more, the fruits are continuously transported by the two transmission chains 13, the fruits are washed by purified water, and the cleaning solution residues and other impurities on the surfaces of the fruits are removed;
(4) unloading: after the fruits are washed, the washed fruits are conveyed to the upper right of the conveying chain 13 to be paused, the micro motor 52 is used for braking, the first micro oil cylinder 53 is started to enable the conical anti-skid block 55 and the conical bearing block 59 to loosen the fruits, the fruits are taken down, the fruits are placed on the fruit peeling and cutting integrated device 2, the unwashed fruit raw materials are placed on the fruit conveying clamp 5, and the conveying chain 13 conveys the fruits again to enable the fruits to be washed and circulates in a reciprocating mode.
Preferably, multi-functional fruit belt cleaning device 1 can scrub and wash the operation to fruit, has saved the manpower to make impurity on fruit surface or pesticide residue clear away cleaner, do not destroy the epidermis of fruit, also make the washing liquid can not leak inside the fruit, thereby kept the taste of fruit, guaranteed canned fruit's post preparation quality.
As shown in fig. 5 to 6, the fruit peeling and slicing integrated device 2 comprises a U-shaped frame 21, a second horizontal oil cylinder 24 and a low-speed motor 25 are respectively installed on the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame 21, a pushing rod 26 is connected to the right end of the second horizontal oil cylinder 24 through a piston rod, a circular pushing block 261 and a pushing block 262 are respectively installed on the outer side and the right end of the pushing rod 26, the pushing block 262 is also made of elastic buffer materials such as rubber or silica gel, and the anti-slip and anti-crushing effects can be achieved. And the right end of the pushing block 262 and the pushing rod 26 are movably connected together, the pushing block 262 can easily rotate around the axis of the pushing rod 26, so that when the fruit rotates under the condition that the pressing block 272 is driven by the low-speed motor 25, the pushing block 262 can also rotate along with the fruit, and the friction force is reduced.
The left end of the low-speed motor 25 is connected with an annular core cutting knife 27 through a motor shaft, the inner diameter of the annular core cutting knife 27 is slightly larger than the outer diameter of the core part of the fruit, and the axis of the annular core cutting knife 27 and the axis of the pushing rod 26 are on the same horizontal line, so that the identity of the fruit when being clamped and rotated is ensured. A plurality of slicing knives 28 are equidistantly arranged on the outer side of the annular kernel cutting knife 27, and a plurality of slicing knives 28 are distributed on the annular kernel cutting knife 27 in a fan shape, so that the cut fruits can easily fall off from the annular kernel cutting knife 27. A second micro oil cylinder 271 is fixed on the inner side of the annular nucleus cutting knife 27, and the left end of the second micro oil cylinder 271 is connected with a pressing block 272 through a piston rod.
Preferably, the second micro oil cylinder 271 is designed to stabilize the pressing force of the pressing block 272 on the fruit, and eject out the fruit core which stays in the annular core cutter 27 after being separated from the fruit, so that the subsequent processing time of the fruit is saved, and the replacement and cutting speed of the fruit is greatly accelerated.
The peeling device 7 is installed at the top end of the U-shaped frame 21, the peeling device 7 comprises a vertical oil cylinder 71 fixed at the top end of the U-shaped frame 21, the bottom end of the vertical oil cylinder 71 is connected with an annular seat 72 through a piston rod, a driving motor 73 is installed at the top end of the annular seat 72, a semi-ring sliding groove 74 is formed in the annular seat 72, one end of the driving motor 73 is connected with a driving gear 77 through an output shaft, an arc-shaped rack 75 is inserted into the semi-ring sliding groove 74, the top side of the arc-shaped rack 75 is meshed with the driving gear 77, and the driving gear 77 can drive the arc-shaped rack 75 to move in the semi-ring sliding groove 74, so that the peeling blade 76 can move along an arc-shaped track, and arc-shaped skins on the surfaces of fruits can be better peeled. The left side and the right side of the bottom end of the arc-shaped rack 75 are both provided with a peeling blade 76.
The peeling principle of the peeling device 7 is as follows: when the low-speed motor 25 drives the fruit clamped by the pushing block 262 and the pressing block 272 to rotate, the vertical oil cylinder 71 is started to enable the piston rod to descend so as to enable the annular seat 72 and the peeling blade 76 to descend, the peeling blade 76 descends to be attached to the surface of the fruit, the fruit rotates in the horizontal plane, the skin of the fruit is scraped off by the peeling blade 76, after a circle of skin on the fruit is scraped off, the driving motor 73 is started to enable the driving gear 77 to drive the arc-shaped rack 75 to rotate, so that the two peeling blades 76 are displaced to the position on the surface of the fruit where the skin is not scraped, then the driving motor 73 is temporarily braked, after the peeling blade 76 scrapes off a circle of skin on the fruit again, the driving motor 73 is started again, and the cycle is repeated.
Preferably, the peeling speed of the fruit peel is greatly increased by the design of the two peeling blades 76, and the combination of the displacement of the peeling blades 76 and the rotation of the low-speed motor 25 with the fruit is similar to the peeling action of people on the fruit, so that the peeling is easier and the fruit peel is removed more completely.
The fruit peeling and cutting integrated device 2 has the following operation steps of peeling and cutting fruits:
(1) fixing: firstly, fruits are transversely placed between the pushing block 262 and the pressing block 272, the pushing block 262 and the pressing block 272 are both conical, two grooves in the fruits are opposite to the pushing block 262 and the pressing block 272, then the second horizontal oil cylinder 24 is started to enable the pushing block 262 and the pressing block 272 to approach each other to press the fruits, and the second horizontal oil cylinder 24 temporarily brakes;
(2) peeling: after the fruit is clamped, the low-speed motor 25 is started to drive the pressing block 272 and the fruit to slowly rotate, and then the fruit is peeled by the peeling device 7;
(3) removing kernels and cutting into pieces: after the fruit is peeled, the low-speed motor 25 is braked, the second micro oil cylinder 271 is started to enable the pressing block 272 to retract into the inner space of the annular cutting blade 28, then the second horizontal oil cylinder 24 is started again, at the moment, the pushing rod 26 moves rightwards, so that the annular pushing block 261 pushes the fruit to move rightwards, when the fruit moves rightwards, the static annular kernel cutting knife 27 cuts the interior of the fruit into an annular through groove, the kernel of the fruit stays in the annular kernel cutting knife 27, and the fruit is cut into a plurality of pieces by the cutting blade 28 while the annular kernel cutting knife 27 cuts the kernel of the fruit, so that the kernel cutting and slicing operation of the fruit is completed.
(4) After the fruits are cut into pieces, the low-speed motor 25 is started again, the annular core cutter 27 rotates to throw off the fruit pieces on the annular core cutter, the fruit pieces fall onto the pushing device 23 and are pushed into the fruit piece heating device 3, and after the fruit pieces are pushed, the second micro oil cylinder 271 is started again to enable the pressing block 272 to extend out of the annular cutting blade 28 so as to eject the fruit cores in the annular cutting blade to prepare for fixing, peeling and cutting of the next fruit.
To sum up, fruit is peeled and is diced integrative device 2 can not only peel, is diced and denucleates fruit, but also can carry the fruit of cutting into pieces to pusher 23 automatically, has improved the treatment effeciency of fruit greatly, has promoted canned fruit's production efficiency.
Pusher 23 is installed through backup pad 22 in U-shaped frame 21 bottom, pusher 23 is including fixing promotion hydro-cylinder 231 and inclined plane board 232 in backup pad 22 top left side and right side respectively, promotion hydro-cylinder 231 right-hand member is connected with push pedal 233 through the piston rod, push pedal 233 bottom articulates there is the flourishing fruit board 234 of U-shaped, and the right-hand member profile shape of the flourishing fruit board 234 of U-shaped is the U-shaped, can prevent that the fruit piece edgewise from dropping. When the bottom end of the U-shaped fruit containing plate 234 is shifted to the rightmost end, the bottom ends of the inclined plate 232 and the U-shaped fruit containing plate 234 both extend right above the steam pot 322, so that the next step can be carried out more smoothly and more quickly, and the conversion time of different procedures of fruits is saved.
The pushing principle of the pushing device 23 is as follows:
after the fruits are cut into pieces and fall onto the U-shaped fruit containing plate 233, the oil cylinder 231 is pushed to start the piston rod to extend to enable the push plate 233 to slide rightwards, at this time, the sealing cover 321 of the steam pot 32 is in an open state, the push plate 233 drives the U-shaped fruit containing plate 234 to slide rightwards on the supporting plate 22, when the U-shaped fruit containing plate 233 slides onto the inclined plate 232, the U-shaped fruit containing plate 234 inclines rightwards and downwards due to gravity factors, all the fruit pieces are poured into the steam pot 32, and the conveying speed of the fruit pieces is accelerated.
As shown in fig. 7 to 8, the fruit piece heating device 3 is fixed on the steam pot 32 above the bottom plate through the supporting block 31, the top end of the steam pot 32 is hinged with the sealing cover 321, one end of the steam pot 32 is connected with the steam pipe 322, one end of the steam pipe 322 is connected with the steam generator, the steam pipe 322 can introduce steam of 110 ℃ into the steam pot 32, high pressure is formed in the sealed steam pot 32, under the action of high temperature and high pressure, harmful bacteria in the fruit pieces are killed, certain moisture can be removed from the fruit pieces through heating, the color and luster are stabilized, the flavor is improved, and the storage time of the can is prolonged.
A buffer pad 33 is fixed at the bottom end inside the steam pot 32, the buffer pad 33 is high-temperature resistant and high-pressure resistant, the buffer pad 33 cannot deform or generate peculiar smell under the action of the temperature and the pressure of water vapor, the property is more stable, and fruits cannot be polluted. Because the fruit in block shape directly slides from the U-shaped fruit containing plate 234 to the steam pot 32, the buffer function of the buffer pad 33 can prevent the fruit from being smashed or deformed, and the fruit can be stored more completely.
The right end of the steam pot 32 is provided with a fruit outlet 323, the left side of the buffer pad 33 is provided with a feeding cylinder 34, in order to save the inner space of the steam pot 32, the feeding cylinder 34 is installed at the outer side of the steam pot 32, and one end of a piston rod of the feeding cylinder is inserted into the steam pot 32. The right end of the feeding cylinder 34 is connected with a push shovel 35 through a piston rod, the distance between the bottom end face of the push shovel 35 and the top face of the cushion pad 33 is 1-3mm, the cushion pad 33 cannot be scraped by the push shovel 35, and frictional resistance is avoided. In order to push all the heated fruits in the steamer 32 out by the push shovel 35, the internal space of the steamer 34 is cuboid, and the push shovel 35 can push all the fruits in the steamer 34 out.
An inclined discharging plate 36 is arranged at the bottom end of the right side of the fruit outlet 323, a movable switch door 324 is hinged on the fruit outlet 323, an inclined oil cylinder 37 is fixed at the bottom side of the inclined discharging plate 36, and the bottom end of the inclined oil cylinder 37 is connected with an extension material guide plate 38 through a piston rod. The inclined discharging plate 36 and the extended material guiding plate 38 are both provided with semi-cylindrical groove channels, and the blocky fruits can directly slide in the groove channels. The bottom end of the extension material guide plate 38 can extend into the can bottle, and the heated fruit blocks are directly transferred into the bottle, so that the can filling time is saved.
The processing process of the fruit block heating device 3 on the blocky fruit is as follows:
(1) charging: firstly, the sealing cover 321 is opened, and after a certain number of fruit blocks fall into the steam pot 32 from the U-shaped fruit containing plate 234, the sealing cover 321 is closed to keep the interior of the steam pot 32 in a sealing state;
(2) steam heating: steam is introduced into the steam pot 32 by using the steam pipe 322, the fruit blocks are heated and pressurized, and the treated fruits can be stored for a longer time;
(3) discharging: after the fruit pieces are heated, the movable switch door 324 is opened, the can bottle is temporarily stopped for transportation, then the inclined oil cylinder 37 is started to enable the bottom end of the extension guide plate 38 to be inserted into the can bottle, then the feeding air cylinder 34 is started to drive the push shovel 35 to move rightwards, the push shovel 35 pushes the fruit pieces to move rightwards, the fruit pieces penetrate through the fruit outlet 323 and are conveyed to the inclined discharging plate 36, the fruit pieces directly slide into the can bottle from the extension guide plate 38 due to gravity, after the fruit pieces are canned, the inclined oil cylinder 37 pulls back the extension guide plate 38, the push shovel 35 is also pulled back by the feeding air cylinder 34, the movable switch door 324 is closed, and the next batch of fruit pieces to be heated enters the steam boiler.
As shown in fig. 9 to 12, the vacuum can filling device 4 includes a frame-shaped housing 41, and the cross-sectional shape of the left end of the frame-shaped housing 41 is a "square" shape, which facilitates the installation of various devices. One side of the frame-shaped shell 41 is connected with a vacuum pump 43 fixed on the bottom plate 10 through a vacuum suction pipe 42, the left end and the right end of the frame-shaped shell 41 are movably provided with sliding sealing doors 44, the area of the sliding sealing doors 44 is larger than that of the left end and the right end of the frame-shaped shell 41, and the frame-shaped shell 41 can keep a sealing state.
The bottom end of the sliding sealing door 44 is movably connected with a door plate sliding rail 471, one end of the sliding sealing door 44 is connected with a driving device 47, the driving device 47 comprises a connecting plate 472 which fixedly connects the two sliding driving doors 44 together, the rear side of the connecting plate 472 is provided with a push-pull air cylinder 473, and the push-pull air cylinder 473 is connected with one side of the connecting plate 472 through a piston rod. The piston rod of the push-pull cylinder 473 extends to enable the connecting plate 472 to drive the sliding sealing door 44 to slide on the door plate sliding rail 471, so that the sliding sealing door 44 seals and blocks the left end and the right end of the frame-shaped shell 41, and the vacuum filling operation of fruits is facilitated.
Preferably, the push-pull oil cylinder 473 controls the opening and closing of the doors at the left end and the right end of the frame-shaped shell 41, so that the feeding and the discharging of the fruit blocks are easier and faster, and the canning efficiency of the cans is greatly improved.
Conveyer belt 45 is installed to the inside bottom of frame shape shell 41, conveyer belt 45 equidistance is equipped with a plurality of bottles standing groove 48, places the canned bottle back on bottles standing groove 48, and the bottle just can not be emptyd along with conveyer belt 45 transmission in the time, has promoted the stability of canning, has guaranteed the efficiency of canning. The conveyor 45 is driven by a stepping motor, and the conveyor 45 stops conveying the cans and continues conveying the cans because the conveyor 45 is required to stop conveying the cans every time the cans are placed on the conveyor 45, the cans receive fruit blocks, the cans receive sugar water, the cans are filled with caps and the like.
The top end of the frame-shaped shell 41 is fixed with a water adding tank 46, the water adding tank 46 is filled with liquid required by the production of cans such as sugar water, a water injection pump 461 is arranged inside the water adding tank 46, the bottom end of the water injection pump 461 is connected with a water injection pipe 462, and a flow valve 463 is arranged on the water injection pipe 462. When the bottles containing fruit blocks reach the position right below the main water pipe 462 by the conveying belt 45, the water injection pump 461 starts to inject the water solution required for the cans into the bottles, and the flow valve 463 can control the injection speed of the sugar water. After the syrup submerges all the fruit pieces in the bottle and reaches a certain volume, the water injection pump 461 stops injecting water.
The bottle clamping device 49 and the automatic cap screwing device 8 are arranged at the top end of the right side of the conveying belt 45, the bottle clamping device 49 comprises two pressing oil cylinders 491 fixed on the front side and the rear side inside the frame-shaped shell 41, the pressing oil cylinders 491 are connected with semi-annular clamping strips 492 through piston rods, the two semi-annular clamping strips 492 correspond to each other in the front and back direction, an anti-skid cushion 493 is connected to one side of the semi-annular clamping strips 492, and the anti-skid cushion 493 can effectively prevent the bottle from skidding and scraping flowers.
The automatic cap screwing device 8 comprises a vertical mounting column 81 fixed at the top end inside the frame-shaped shell 41, a cylindrical cap placing groove 811 and a lower cap groove 812 are respectively arranged at the bottom ends of the left side and the right side of the vertical mounting column 81, the right side of the cylindrical cap placing groove 811 is connected with the lower cap groove 812, the height of the top surface of the lower cap groove 812 is higher than that of the bottom surface of the cylindrical cap placing groove 811 by one bottle cap, so that only one bottle cap is allowed to enter the lower cap groove 812 at each time and then the bottle cap is screwed on the bottle body, and the processing is more stable.
The bottle cap placing groove 811 is internally provided with a plurality of bottle caps, the axes of the bottle caps are almost on the same vertical line, the left side of the bottom end of the bottle cap placing groove 811 is provided with a horizontal telescopic rod 84 and a pushing rod 85, the height of the pushing rod 85 is smaller than that of the bottle caps, so that the pushing rod 85 pushes one bottle cap at a time, the horizontal telescopic rod 84 can be driven by a cylinder or an oil cylinder, when the horizontal telescopic rod 84 extends, the pushing rod 85 can push the bottle cap at the bottommost layer in the bottle cap placing groove 811 to the lower cover groove 812, then the horizontal telescopic rod 84 contracts to the original position, the bottle cap above the inner part of the bottle cap placing groove 811 cannot be supported and descends, and therefore automatic blanking operation is completed.
The bottle cap placing groove 411 is movably provided with a sealing top cover 412, when the sealing door 44 is opened every time, the inside of the frame-shaped shell 41 is not sealed any more, and at the moment, the sealing top cover 412 is opened to enable the bottle cap to enter the cylindrical cap placing groove 811 from the bottle cap placing groove 411 to wait for the transportation of the bottle cap, so that the bottle cap can be supplemented in time. Lift cylinder 82 is installed on vertical erection column 81 top right side, lift cylinder 82 bottom is connected with through the piston rod and attracts magnetic pillar 83, and after the bottle lid got into lower lid groove 812, attracts magnetic pillar 83 to attract the bottle lid of iron, avoids the bottle lid to drop.
The bottom end of the attraction magnetic column 83 is provided with a screw cap clamp 9. The cap screwing clamp 9 comprises a plurality of descending oil cylinders 99 fixed at the bottom end of the vertical mounting column 81, the bottom ends of the descending oil cylinders 99 are connected with an annular sliding seat 91 through piston rods, and the descending oil cylinders 99 jointly drive the annular sliding seat 91 to ascend or descend, so that the cap screwing operation is more stable and reliable. The annular slide 91 is located directly below the lower cap groove 812 and is capable of clamping the closure within the lower cap groove 812.
Annular slider 93 is inserted through annular spout 92 in the annular slide 91 and is equipped with annular slider 94, install rotating electrical machines 94 on the annular slide 91, rotating electrical machines 94 is connected with drive gear 95 through the motor shaft, the annular slider 93 outside is equipped with tooth's socket 934, and rotating electrical machines 94 starts to take drive gear 95 rotatory, and drive gear 95 takes annular slider 93 rotatory to make the bottle lid can be along with annular slider 93 is rotatory, revolve gradually on the bottle.
The teeth of a cogwheel of drive gear 95 and tooth's socket 934 phase-match, annular slider 93 is inside to be equipped with V-arrangement groove 931, cylinder groove 932 and motor groove 933, and V-arrangement groove 931, cylinder groove 932 and motor groove 933 have two at least, and two directions of bottle lid all get the clamp tightly like this, and the clamp force is more reliable. The motor groove 933 and the cylindrical groove 932 are respectively provided with a micro motor 97 and a nut 98, the micro motor 97 is connected with a pinion 96 through a motor shaft, the outer side of the nut 98 is provided with an annular external gear 981 meshed with the pinion 96, the inner side of the nut 98 is meshed with a screw rod 982, and one end of the screw rod 982 is hinged with two semi-ring clamps 983.
A spring is connected between the two half-ring clamps 983, so that the half-ring clamps 983 can be automatically opened, one ends of the two half-ring clamps 983 are inserted into the V-shaped groove 931, when the screw rod 982 is driven by the nut 98 to move, the screw rod 982 pulls the half-ring clamps 983 to slide back and forth in the V-shaped groove 931, and the two half-ring clamps 983 can generate clamping or loosening actions due to the limiting effect of the V-shaped groove 931, so that the bottle cap can be better clamped.
The micro motor 97 is started to drive the pinion 96 to drive the annular external gear 981 to rotate, the annular external gear 981 drives the nut 98 coaxial with the pinion to rotate, and the nut 98 drives the screw rod 982 to do translational motion, so that one end of the two semi-ring clamps 983 can penetrate into or extend out of the V-shaped groove 931, the semi-ring clamps 983 are operated to clamp or loosen the bottle cap, the bottle cap is automatically clamped, and the operation is simpler and quicker.
The whole operation process of the vacuum canning device 4 for fruits is as follows:
(1) canning the fruit blocks: the conveyer belt 45 stops conveying temporarily, the sliding sealing door 44 is opened, the can bottles are placed in the grooves on the conveyer belt 45, the bottom ends of the extension guide plates 38 extend into the can bottles and guide fruits into the bottles, and the extension guide plates 38 retract;
(2) vacuumizing: the two sliding sealing doors 44 are closed, at this time, the internal space of the frame-shaped shell 41 is a sealed space, the vacuum pump 43 is started by the vacuum pump 43 to completely suck the air in the frame-shaped shell 41 through the vacuum suction pipe 42, and the air in the fruit pieces and the air in the bottle are completely sucked;
(3) injecting sugar water: after the bottle is conveyed to the position right below the water injection pipe 462 by the conveyor belt 45, the conveyor belt 45 stops conveying, and the sugar water in the water adding tank 46 is injected into the bottle body by the water injection pump 461;
(4) fixing the bottle body: the conveying belt 45 conveys the bottle body again to enable the bottle body to reach the position right below the cap screwing clamp 9, the conveying belt 45 stops conveying, the pressing oil cylinder 491 drives the piston rod to extend to enable the two semi-annular clamping strips 492 to clamp the two sides of the bottle body, and at the moment, the bottle body cannot rotate;
(5) clamping the bottle cap: when the lifting oil cylinder 82 is started to extend the piston rod, the attraction magnetic column 83 drives the bottle cap attracted by the bottom end of the attraction magnetic column to descend, and the bottle cap descends among the plurality of half ring clamps 983, the micro motor 97 is started to enable the half ring clamps 983 to clamp the bottle cap;
(6) screwing a cover: the descending oil cylinder 99 drives the annular sliding seat 91 to descend so as to enable the bottle cap to descend to be in contact with the bottle mouth of the bottle body, then the rotating motor 94 is started to enable the annular sliding block 93 and the bottle cap to rotate slowly, and the descending oil cylinder 99 enables the bottle cap to descend slowly so as to enable the bottle cap to rotate on the can bottle slowly;
(7) discharging: after the cap is screwed, all the devices return to the original state, the conveyor belt 45 conveys the processed fruit cans to the right end of the frame-shaped shell 41, the sliding sealing door 44 is opened to take out the prepared fruit cans, the circulation operation is started from the step (1) again, and the can sealing operation can be carried out on the fruits in batches.
Preferably, the canning operation of the fruits is carried out in the internal vacuum environment of the frame-shaped shell 1, so that the fruits are prevented from being polluted by air impurities or fungi, the processing process of the canned fruits is more sanitary and safe, the canned fruits can be stored for a longer time, the trouble of vacuumizing a subsequent bottle body is avoided, the canning time is greatly saved, and the overall production efficiency of the canned fruits is improved.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an automatic preprocessing device of fruit for canned fruit production, includes base (10), its characterized in that: the fruit peeling and cutting integrated device (2) is installed on the base (10), the fruit peeling and cutting integrated device (2) comprises a U-shaped frame (21), a peeling device (7) is installed at the top end of the U-shaped frame (21), a pushing device (23) is installed at the bottom end of the U-shaped frame (21) through a supporting plate (22), a second horizontal oil cylinder (24) and a low-speed motor (25) are installed on the left side and the right side of the U-shaped frame (21) respectively, the right end of the second horizontal oil cylinder (24) is connected with a pushing rod (26) through a piston rod, a circular ring pushing block (261) and a pushing block (262) are installed at the outer side and the right end of the pushing rod (26) respectively, the left end of the low-speed motor (25) is connected with a circular kernel cutting knife (27) through a motor shaft, a plurality of slice cutting knives (28) are installed on the outer side of the circular kernel cutting knife (27) at equal intervals, and a second micro oil cylinder (271) is fixed on the inner side of the circular kernel cutting knife (27), the left end of the second micro oil cylinder (271) is connected with a pressing block (272) through a piston rod;
the peeling device (7) comprises a vertical oil cylinder (71) fixed at the top end of a U-shaped frame (21), the bottom end of the vertical oil cylinder (71) is connected with an annular seat (72) through a piston rod, a driving motor (73) is installed at the top end of the annular seat (72), a semi-ring sliding groove (74) is formed in the annular seat (72), one end of the driving motor (73) is connected with a driving gear (77) through an output shaft, an arc-shaped rack (75) is inserted into the semi-ring sliding groove (74), the top side of the arc-shaped rack (75) is meshed with the driving gear (77), and the left side and the right side of the bottom end of the arc-shaped rack (75) are both provided with a peeling blade (76);
pusher (23) are including fixing promotion hydro-cylinder (231) and inclined plane board (232) on backup pad (22) top left side and right side respectively, promotion hydro-cylinder (231) right-hand member is connected with push pedal (233) through the piston rod, push pedal (233) bottom articulates there is the flourishing fruit board of U-shaped (234).
2. An automatic fruit pre-processing device for canned fruit production according to claim 1, characterized in that: still install multi-functional fruit belt cleaning device (1), fruit piece heating device (3) and vacuum canning device (4) on base (10), multi-functional fruit belt cleaning device (1) is located fruit and peels a cutting integrative device (2) left end, fruit peels a cutting integrative device (2) and connects fruit piece heating device (3), vacuum canning device (4) is connected in fruit piece heating device (3), through multi-functional fruit belt cleaning device (1) with fruit raw materials wash the back artifical the collection, and pack into fruit peel a cutting integrative device (2) handle the back directly pass through fruit piece heating device (3) processing, send into vacuum canning device (4) packing finished product automatically.
3. An automatic fruit pre-processing device for canned fruit production according to claim 2, characterized in that: the multifunctional fruit cleaning device (1) comprises a U-shaped mounting shell (11) fixed on the left side of the top end of a base (10), a water receiving box (12) is arranged at the bottom end of the U-shaped mounting shell (11), a transmission chain (13) is arranged in the U-shaped mounting shell (11) through a chain wheel, a cleaning liquid tank (14) and a clear water tank (15) are respectively fixed on the left side and the right side of the top end of the U-shaped mounting shell (11), each section of the transmission chain (13) is provided with a fruit conveying clamp (5) through a bearing plate (16), the bottom end of the cleaning liquid box (14) is provided with a scrubbing device (6) fixed on the inner side of the U-shaped mounting shell (11), a water pump (17) is fixed in the cleaning liquid tank (14) and the clear water tank (15), the water pump (17) is connected with a water pipe (18), and the water pipe (18) is connected with a plurality of branch pipes (19).
4. An automatic fruit pre-processing device for canned fruit production according to claim 3, characterized in that: the fruit conveying clamp (5) comprises an L-shaped frame (51) fixed at the bottom end of a bearing plate (16), a micro motor (52) is fixed at the top end of the L-shaped frame (51) through a motor base, a first micro oil cylinder (53) is installed on the left side of the bottom end of the L-shaped frame (51) through an oil cylinder base, the bottom end of the micro motor (52) is connected with a rotating lower pressing rod (54) through a motor shaft, a conical anti-skidding block (55) is fixed at the bottom end of the rotating lower pressing rod (54), the bottom end of the first micro oil cylinder (53) penetrates through the bottom end of the L-shaped frame (51) through a piston rod to be connected with an L-shaped plate (56), a rod groove (561) and a plurality of ball grooves (562) are arranged at the bottom end of the L-shaped plate (56), a driven rotating rod (57) and a driven ball (58) are respectively inserted into the rod groove (561) and the ball groove (562), a conical bearing block (59) is fixed at the top end of the driven rotating rod (57), the bottom surface of the conical bearing block (59) is contacted with the top side of the rotating bead (58); the scrubbing device (6) comprises a plurality of first horizontal oil cylinders (61) fixed to the front end and the rear end of a U-shaped mounting shell (11) through oil cylinder seats, one ends of the first horizontal oil cylinders (61) are connected with an extrusion block (62) through piston rods, an elastic buffer block (63) is installed on one side of the extrusion block (62), a half fruit groove (64) is formed in the elastic buffer block (63), and scrubbing sponge (65) is arranged in the half fruit groove (64).
5. An automatic fruit pre-processing device for canned fruit production according to claim 2, characterized in that: the fruit block heating device (3) is fixed on a steam pot (32) above the bottom plate through a supporting block (31), the top end of the steam pot (32) is hinged with a sealing cover (321), one end of the steam pot (32) is connected with a steam pipe (322), a buffer pad (33) is fixed at the bottom end inside the steam pot (32), a fruit outlet (323) is arranged at the right end of the steam pot (32), a feeding cylinder (34) is arranged on the left side of the cushion pad (33), the right end of the feeding cylinder (34) is connected with a push shovel (35) through a piston rod, an inclined discharging plate (36) is arranged at the bottom end of the right side of the fruit outlet (323), a movable switch door (324) is hinged on the fruit outlet (323), an inclined oil cylinder (37) is fixed on the bottom side of the inclined discharging plate (36), and the bottom end of the inclined oil cylinder (37) is connected with an extending material guide plate (38) through a piston rod.
6. An automatic fruit pre-processing device for canned fruit production according to claim 2, characterized in that: vacuum canning device (4) is including frame shell (41), frame shell (41) one side is connected with vacuum pump (43) of fixing on bottom plate (10) through vacuum suction tube (42), the equal movable mounting of left end and the right-hand member of frame shell (41) has sliding seal door (44), conveyer belt (45) are installed to the inside bottom of frame shell (41), frame shell (41) top is fixed with adds water tank (46), sliding seal door (44) one end is connected with drive arrangement (47), equidistantly on conveyer belt (45) be equipped with a plurality of bottle jar standing grooves (48), the right side top of conveyer belt (45) is equipped with bottle clamping device (49) and automatic spiral cover device (8), it has water injection pump (461) to add water tank (46) internally mounted, the bottom of water injection pump (461) is connected with water injection pipe (462), and a flow valve (463) is installed on the water injection pipe (462).
7. An automatic fruit pre-processing device for canned fruit production according to claim 6, characterized in that: the bottom end of the sliding sealing door (44) is movably connected with a door plate sliding rail (471), the driving device (47) comprises a connecting plate (472) which fixedly connects the two sliding driving doors (44), the rear side of the connecting plate (472) is provided with a push-pull air cylinder (473), and the push-pull air cylinder (473) is connected with one side of the connecting plate (472) through a piston rod; the bottle body clamping device (49) comprises two pressing oil cylinders (491) fixed on the front side and the rear side in the frame-shaped shell (41), the pressing oil cylinders (491) are connected with a semi-annular clamping strip (492) through piston rods, and one side of the semi-annular clamping strip (492) is connected with an anti-skid cushion pad (493); automatic spiral cover device (8) are including fixing vertical erection column (81) on the inside top of frame shell (41), the left side and the right side bottom of vertical erection column (81) are equipped with the cylindricality respectively and put lid groove (811) and lower cover groove (812), lift cylinder (82) are installed on vertical erection column (81) top right side, the cylindricality is put lid groove (811) right side and is connected with lower cover groove (812), the cylindricality is put lid groove (811) bottom left side and is equipped with horizontal telescopic link (84) and push away strip (85), and movable mounting has sealed top cap (412) on groove (411) is put to the bottle lid, lift cylinder (82) bottom is connected with through the piston rod and attracts magnetic column (83), it is equipped with spiral cover anchor clamps (9) to attract magnetic column (83) bottom.
8. An automatic fruit pre-processing device for canned fruit production according to claim 7, characterized in that: the cap screwing clamp (9) comprises a plurality of descending oil cylinders (99) fixed at the bottom end of a vertical mounting column (81), the bottom ends of the descending oil cylinders (99) are connected with an annular sliding seat (91) through piston rods, annular sliding seats (91) are internally provided with annular sliding blocks (93) through annular sliding grooves (92), the annular sliding seats (91) are provided with rotating motors (94), the rotating motors (94) are connected with transmission gears (95) through motor shafts, tooth grooves (934) are arranged on the outer sides of the annular sliding blocks (93), the gear teeth of the transmission gears (95) are matched with the tooth grooves (934), the annular sliding blocks (93) are internally provided with V-shaped grooves (931), cylindrical grooves (932) and motor grooves (933), the motor grooves (933) and the cylindrical grooves (932) are internally provided with micro motors (97) and nuts (98) respectively, and the micro motors (97) are connected with pinions (96) through motor shafts, an annular external gear (981) meshed with the pinion (96) is installed on the outer side of the nut (98), a screw rod (982) is meshed on the inner side of the nut (98), and two semi-ring clamps (983) are hinged to one end of the screw rod (982).
CN201810285808.7A 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A automatic preprocessing device of fruit for canned fruit production Active CN108634341B (en)

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