CN114631638A - Grape stem removing machine - Google Patents

Grape stem removing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114631638A
CN114631638A CN202210390791.8A CN202210390791A CN114631638A CN 114631638 A CN114631638 A CN 114631638A CN 202210390791 A CN202210390791 A CN 202210390791A CN 114631638 A CN114631638 A CN 114631638A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
destemming
grape
machine main
main part
stem removing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202210390791.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114631638B (en
Inventor
单丹
罗毅龙
王志兰
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Hubei Tianye Nonggu Biotechnology Co ltd
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Hubei Tianye Nonggu Biotechnology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202210390791.8A priority Critical patent/CN114631638B/en
Publication of CN114631638A publication Critical patent/CN114631638A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN114631638B publication Critical patent/CN114631638B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/02Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs for stemming, piercing, or stripping fruit; Removing sprouts of potatoes
    • A23N15/025Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs for stemming, piercing, or stripping fruit; Removing sprouts of potatoes for stemming grapes

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a grape stem removing machine which is characterized in that: including destemming quick-witted main part, feeder hopper, bracket, high pressure water tank, water jet, outlet, grape feed mechanism, grape destemming mechanism, connecing stalk groove and conveyer, the feeder hopper is located in the destemming machine main part, the bracket is located on the feeder hopper and is located in the destemming machine main part, high pressure water tank locates in the destemming machine main part and locates in the destemming machine main part, the water jet is located on the high pressure water tank, the outlet is located in the destemming machine main part and is located the bottom of destemming machine main part, grape feed mechanism locates in the destemming machine main part, grape destemming mechanism locates in the destemming machine main part, connect the stalk groove to locate in the destemming machine main part and locate grape feed mechanism's below, conveyer locates the bottom in the destemming machine main part and locates grape feed mechanism's below. The invention belongs to the technical field of grape stem removing devices, and particularly relates to a grape stem removing machine which is good in peeling effect and capable of improving product quality.

Description

Grape stem removing machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of grape stem removing devices, and particularly relates to a grape stem removing machine.
Background
The grape is a famous fruit, can be eaten directly or can be used for preparing raisin, wine and the like, the living standard of people is continuously improved along with the development of the society, the demand for grapes is increasing continuously, before the grapes are processed into various products, the grapes need to be peeled off from the stalks to remove redundant stalks, the traditional grape stalk removing mode is a manual mode to peel off the grapes from the stalks one by one, which not only wastes manpower, the efficiency is lower, most of the existing grape stem removing machines adopt a screw conveying and extruding mode to peel off the grapes, on one hand, the stem removing effect is poor, after the external grapes are removed, the middle grape close to the peduncle is easy to remain on the peduncle, which causes unnecessary waste, on the other hand, the grape can be damaged, the inner pulp is squeezed and rotten, thus influencing the subsequent production of products, and for this purpose, a grape stem removing machine is provided to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the grape stem removing machine, which effectively solves the problems that the existing grape stem removing machine in the current market has poor stem removing effect and can damage grape bodies, can better ensure the integrity of the grape bodies while ensuring the grape peeling cleanly, thereby improving the processing quality of subsequent products, and particularly relates to the grape stem removing machine which has good peeling effect and can improve the product quality.
The technical invention adopted by the invention is as follows: the invention provides a grape stem removing machine which comprises a stem removing machine main body, a feed hopper, a bracket, a high-pressure water tank, a water spray opening, a water discharge opening, a grape feeding mechanism, a grape stem removing mechanism, a stem connecting groove and a conveying device, wherein the feed hopper is arranged on the stem removing machine main body, the bracket is arranged on the feed hopper and is arranged in the stem removing machine main body, the high-pressure water tank is arranged on the stem removing machine main body and is arranged in the stem removing machine main body, the water spray opening is arranged on the high-pressure water tank, the water discharge opening is arranged on the stem removing machine main body and is arranged at the bottom of the stem removing machine main body, the grape feeding mechanism is arranged on the stem removing machine main body, the grape stem removing mechanism is arranged on the stem removing machine main body, the stem connecting groove is arranged on the stem removing machine main body and is arranged below the grape feeding mechanism, and the conveying device is arranged at the bottom in the stem removing machine main body and is arranged below the grape feeding mechanism.
Preferably, in order to realize the moving and conveying of the grapes, the grape feeding mechanism comprises a guide rail, a sliding block, a transmission chain, a first rotating shaft, a chain wheel, a driven synchronous wheel, a first support, a driving motor, a first driving synchronous wheel, an upper synchronous belt and a fixed chuck, the guide rail is arranged at the top in the stem removing machine body, the sliding block is arranged on the guide rail in a sliding connection mode and penetrates through the guide rail, the transmission chain is arranged on the sliding block, a first rotating shaft is rotatably connected on the stem removing machine body and penetrates through the stem removing machine body, the chain wheel is arranged on the first rotating shaft and is meshed with the transmission chain, the driven synchronous wheel is arranged on the first rotating shaft and is arranged above the stem removing machine body, the first support is arranged on the stem removing machine body, the driving motor is arranged on the first support and penetrates through the first support, the driving synchronous wheel is arranged on the driving motor, the upper synchronous belt is arranged on the driving synchronous wheel and is arranged on the driven synchronous wheel, the fixed chuck is arranged on the sliding block and is arranged below the guide rail.
Better, in order to realize the function of peeling off of grape from the outside to the inside, grape destemming mechanism includes pivot two, screw capstan, support two, destemming motor, driving gear, driven gear, driving hold-in range and lower synchronous belt, two rotation connections of pivot are located and are gone on the destemming owner body and run through destemming owner body setting, screw capstan locates on the pivot two and locate in the destemming owner body, support two are located and are gone on the destemming owner body and locate the bottom of destemming owner body, it locates on the support two and run through support two settings to remove the destemming motor, the driving gear is located on the destemming motor, driven gear locates on the pivot two and sets up with driving gear engagement, driving hold-in range locates on the pivot two and locates driven gear's top, lower synchronous belt is located on the driving hold-in range.
Further, the slider is arranged between the guide rail and the fixed chuck, the first rotating shaft is arranged between the chain wheel and the driven synchronous wheel, the spiral winch is arranged between the fixed chuck and the conveying device, and the transmission synchronous belt is arranged between the driven gear and the stem removing machine body.
Furthermore, the first rotating shaft is perpendicular to the guide rail, the second rotating shaft is perpendicular to the conveying device, and the spiral winch is perpendicular to the conveying device.
The sliding block is arranged in a cylinder, the first rotating shaft is arranged in a cylinder, and the second rotating shaft is arranged in a cylinder.
Preferably, the guide rail is a closed circular ring with a concave cross section, the first support is in a U-shaped arrangement, the second support is in a U-shaped arrangement, and the bracket is in an L-shaped arrangement.
The first rotating shaft is provided with four groups, the number of the chain wheels is consistent with that of the first rotating shaft, the driving synchronizing wheels are provided with two groups, the second rotating shaft is provided with eight groups, and the number of the spiral winches is consistent with that of the second rotating shaft.
Preferably, the spiral winch is made of rubber, and the rubber has good flexibility and low hardness.
Further, the distance between the spiral winch and the conveying device is gradually reduced from one side of the feed hopper to one side of the stem receiving groove.
The invention with the structure has the following beneficial effects: the grape stem removing machine provided by the invention effectively solves the problems that the existing grape stem removing machine in the market has poor stem removing effect and can damage grape bodies, and can better ensure the integrity of the grape bodies while ensuring the grape peeling to be clean, so that the processing quality of subsequent products is improved, and particularly, the grape stem removing machine has good peeling effect and can improve the product quality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a grape stem removing machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a grape stem removing machine in the main view direction;
FIG. 3 is a left side sectional view of a grape stem removing machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a grape stem removing machine in a top view direction according to the present invention.
The automatic stem removing machine comprises a stem removing machine body 1, a stem removing machine body 2, a feeding hopper 3, a bracket 4, a high-pressure water tank 5, a water spraying port 6, a water discharging port 7, a grape feeding mechanism 8, a grape stem removing mechanism 9, a stem receiving groove 10, a conveying device 11, a guide rail 12, a sliding block 13, a transmission chain 14, a rotating shaft I15, a chain wheel 16, a driven synchronizing wheel 17, a support I, a support 18, a driving motor 19, a driving synchronizing wheel 20, an upper synchronous belt 21, a fixed chuck 22, a rotating shaft II, a rotating shaft 23, a spiral winch 24, a support II, a support 25, a stem removing motor 26, a driving gear 27, a driven gear 28, a transmission synchronizing wheel 29 and a lower synchronous belt.
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention.
Detailed Description
The technical invention in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments; all other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, the grape stem removing machine provided by the present invention comprises a stem removing machine main body 1, a feeding hopper 2, a bracket 3, a high pressure water tank 4, a water spray opening 5, a water discharge opening 6, a grape feeding mechanism 7, a grape stem removing mechanism 8, a stem receiving groove 9 and a conveying device 10, wherein the feeding hopper 2 is arranged on the stem removing machine main body 1, the bracket 3 is arranged on the feeding hopper 2 and in the stem removing machine main body 1, the high pressure water tank 4 is arranged on the stem removing machine main body 1 and in the stem removing machine main body 1, the water spray opening 5 is arranged on the high pressure water tank 4, the water discharge opening 6 is arranged on the stem removing machine main body 1 and at the bottom of the stem removing machine main body 1, the grape feeding mechanism 7 is arranged on the stem removing machine main body 1, the grape stem removing mechanism 8 is arranged on the stem removing machine main body 1, the stem receiving groove 9 is arranged on the stem removing machine main body 1 and below the grape feeding mechanism 7, the conveying device 10 is arranged at the bottom in the stem removing machine body 1 and below the grape feeding mechanism 7.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the grape feeding mechanism 7 includes a guide rail 11, a slider 12, a transmission chain 13, a first rotation shaft 14, a sprocket 15, a driven synchronizing wheel 16, a first support 17, a driving motor 18, a driving synchronizing wheel 19, an upper synchronous belt 20 and a fixing chuck 21, the guide rail 11 is disposed at the top of the main body 1 of the stem removing machine, the slider 12 is slidably connected to the guide rail 11 and disposed through the guide rail 11, the transmission chain 13 is disposed on the slider 12, the first rotation shaft 14 is rotatably connected to the main body 1 of the stem removing machine and disposed through the main body 1 of the stem removing machine, the sprocket 15 is disposed on the first rotation shaft 14 and engaged with the transmission chain 13, the driven synchronizing wheel 16 is disposed on the first rotation shaft 14 and disposed above the main body 1 of the stem removing machine, the first support 17 is disposed on the main body 1 of the stem removing machine, the driving motor 18 is disposed on the first support 17 and disposed through the first support 17, the driving synchronous wheel 19 is arranged on the driving motor 18, the upper synchronous belt 20 is arranged on the driving synchronous wheel 19 and on the driven synchronous wheel 16, and the fixed chuck 21 is arranged on the sliding block 12 and below the guide rail 11.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the grape peduncle removing mechanism 8 comprises a second rotating shaft 22, a spiral capstan 23, a second bracket 24, a peduncle removing motor 25, a driving gear 26, a driven gear 27, a transmission synchronous belt 28 and a lower synchronous belt 29, the second rotating shaft 22 is rotatably connected to the stem removing machine body 1 and penetrates through the stem removing machine body 1, the spiral winch 23 is arranged on the second rotating shaft 22 and is arranged in the stem removing machine main body 1, the second support 24 is arranged on the stem removing machine main body 1 and is arranged at the bottom of the stem removing machine main body 1, the stem removing motor 25 is arranged on the second bracket 24 and penetrates through the second bracket 24, the driving gear 26 is arranged on the stem removing motor 25, driven gear 27 locates on two 22 of pivot and sets up with the meshing of driving gear 26, drive belt 28 locates on two 22 of pivot and locates driven gear 27's top, lower synchronous belt 29 locates on drive belt 28.
The slide block 12 is arranged between the guide rail 11 and the fixed chuck 21, the first rotating shaft 14 is arranged between the chain wheel 15 and the driven synchronous wheel 16, the spiral capstan 23 is arranged between the fixed chuck 21 and the conveying device 10, and the transmission synchronous belt 28 is arranged between the driven gear 27 and the stem removing machine body 1; the first rotating shaft 14 is perpendicular to the guide rail 11, the second rotating shaft 22 is perpendicular to the conveying device 10, and the spiral winch 23 is perpendicular to the conveying device 10.
Preferably, the sliding block 12 is arranged in a cylinder shape, the first rotating shaft 14 is arranged in a cylinder shape, and the second rotating shaft 22 is arranged in a cylinder shape; the guide rail 11 is a closed circular ring with a concave cross section, the first support 17 is arranged in a U shape, the second support 24 is arranged in a U shape, and the bracket 3 is arranged in an L shape.
The first rotating shafts 14 are provided with four groups, the number of the chain wheels 15 is the same as that of the first rotating shafts 14, the driving synchronous wheels 19 are provided with two groups, the second rotating shafts 22 are provided with eight groups, and the number of the spiral winches 23 is the same as that of the second rotating shafts 22.
Importantly, the spiral winch 23 is made of rubber; the distance between the screw capstan 23 and the conveyor 10 is gradually reduced from one side of the feed hopper 2 to one side of the stem receiving groove 9.
When the grape vine stem removing machine is used, a user adds grapes with stems into the stem removing machine main body 1 through the feeding hopper 2, the grapes vertically fall onto the bracket 3 under the action of self gravity, the driving motor 18 is started, the driving motor 18 drives the driving synchronous wheel 19 to rotate, the driven synchronous wheel 16 is driven to rotate under the connection of the upper synchronous belt 20, the first rotating shaft 14 connected with the driven synchronous wheel 16 drives the chain wheel 15 to rotate under the drive of the driven synchronous wheel 16, so that the transmission chain 13 meshed with the first rotating shaft drives the sliding block 12 to circularly move along the direction of the guide rail 11, when the two groups of fixed chucks 21 move to the bracket 3, the grape stems on the bracket 3 are clamped, then the whole grape vine moves along the direction of the guide rail 11 along with the sliding block 12, the stem removing motor 25 is started, the stem removing motor 25 drives the driving gear 26 to rotate, the driven gear 27 meshed with the driving gear 26 drives the second rotating shaft 22 to rotate, and under the action of the lower synchronous belt 29, each group of transmission synchronous belts 28 rotates, each group of second rotating shafts 22 rotates under the drive of the transmission synchronous belts 28, the spiral winches 23 arranged on the second rotating shafts 22 rotate along with the second rotating shafts 22, and the grape is peeled off, the distance between the two groups of spiral winches 23 is reduced along with the movement of the slide block 12 from the feed hopper 2 to one side of the stalk-connecting groove 9, so that the grapes are peeled off from the outside to the inside, the peeled grapes fall onto the conveying device 10 and are conveyed out of the stem removing machine body 1, when the grape stalks on the fixed chucks 21 reach the upper part of the stalk receiving groove 9, the grape stalks fall on the stalk receiving groove 9 and are conveyed out of the stalk machine main body 1 along with the separation of the two groups of fixed chucks 21, in the whole grape stem removing process, the cleaning agent is sprayed out from the water spraying port 5 by the high-pressure water tank 4 to clean the grapes, which is the using process of the whole grape stem removing machine.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.
The present invention and its embodiments have been described above, and the description is not intended to be limiting, and the drawings are only one embodiment of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. In conclusion, those skilled in the art should appreciate that they can readily use the disclosed conception and specific embodiments as a basis for designing or modifying other structures for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a grape destemming machine which characterized in that: including destemming machine main part, feeder hopper, bracket, pressurized water tank, water jet, outlet, grape feed mechanism, grape destemming mechanism, connect stalk groove and conveyer, the feeder hopper is located in the destemming machine main part, the bracket is located on the feeder hopper and is located in the destemming machine main part, pressurized water tank is located in the destemming machine main part and is located in the destemming machine main part, the water jet is located on the pressurized water tank, the outlet is located in the destemming machine main part and is located the bottom of destemming machine main part, grape feed mechanism is located in the destemming machine main part, grape destemming mechanism is located in the destemming machine main part, connect the stalk groove to locate in the destemming machine main part and locate grape feed mechanism's below, conveyer locates the bottom in the destemming machine main part and locates grape feed mechanism's below.
2. The grape stem removing machine according to claim 1, wherein: the grape feeding mechanism comprises a guide rail, a slide block, a transmission chain, a first rotating shaft, a chain wheel, a driven synchronous wheel, a first bracket, a driving motor, a driving synchronous wheel, an upper synchronous belt and a fixed chuck, the guide rail is arranged at the top in the stem removing machine body, the slide block is connected on the guide rail in a sliding way and penetrates through the guide rail, the transmission chain is arranged on the slide block, one rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the stem removing machine main body and penetrates through the stem removing machine main body, the chain wheel is arranged on the first rotating shaft and meshed with the transmission chain, the driven synchronizing wheel is arranged on the first rotating shaft and above the stem removing machine main body, the first bracket is arranged on the stem removing machine main body, the driving motor is arranged on the first bracket and penetrates through the first bracket, the driving synchronous wheel is arranged on the driving motor, the upper synchronous belt is arranged on the driving synchronous wheel and arranged on the driven synchronous wheel, and the fixed chuck is arranged on the sliding block and arranged below the guide rail.
3. A grape stem removing machine according to claim 2, characterized in that: grape destemming mechanism includes pivot two, screw capstan, support two, destemming motor, driving gear, driven gear, drive hold-in range and lower synchronous belt, two rotation connections of pivot are located on the destemming machine main part and are run through the setting of destemming machine main part, screw capstan locates on two pivots and locates in the destemming machine main part, two bottoms that just locate the destemming machine main part on the destemming machine main part are located to the support, the destemming motor is located on two supports and is run through two settings of support, the driving gear is located on the destemming motor, driven gear locates on two pivots and sets up with the driving gear meshing, drive hold-in range locates on two pivots and locates driven gear's top, the synchronous belt is located on the drive hold-in range down.
4. A grape stem removing machine according to claim 3, wherein: the slider is arranged between the guide rail and the fixed chuck, the first rotating shaft is arranged between the chain wheel and the driven synchronous wheel, the spiral winch is arranged between the fixed chuck and the conveying device, and the transmission synchronous belt is arranged between the driven gear and the stem removing machine main body.
5. A grape stem removing machine according to claim 4, wherein: the first rotating shaft is perpendicular to the guide rail, the second rotating shaft is perpendicular to the conveying device, and the spiral winch is perpendicular to the conveying device.
6. A grape destemming machine of claim 5, wherein: the slider is the cylinder setting, pivot one is the cylinder setting, pivot two is the cylinder setting.
7. A grape destemming machine of claim 6, wherein: the guide rail is a closed circular ring with a concave cross section, the first support is arranged in a U shape, the second support is arranged in a U shape, and the bracket is arranged in an L shape.
8. A grape destemming machine of claim 7, wherein: the guide rail is a closed circular ring with a concave cross section, the first support is arranged in a U shape, the second support is arranged in a U shape, and the bracket is arranged in an L shape.
9. The grape stem removing machine according to claim 8, wherein: the spiral winch is made of rubber.
10. The grape stem removing machine according to claim 9, wherein: the distance between the spiral winch and the conveying device is gradually reduced from one side of the feed hopper to one side of the stalk receiving groove.
CN202210390791.8A 2022-04-14 2022-04-14 Grape machine of ileus that falls Active CN114631638B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210390791.8A CN114631638B (en) 2022-04-14 2022-04-14 Grape machine of ileus that falls

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210390791.8A CN114631638B (en) 2022-04-14 2022-04-14 Grape machine of ileus that falls

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CN114631638A true CN114631638A (en) 2022-06-17
CN114631638B CN114631638B (en) 2024-01-12

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117678780A (en) * 2024-02-01 2024-03-12 烟台北方果蔬技术开发连锁有限公司 Grape obstruction removing machine

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