CN108317173B - Cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing - Google Patents

Cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108317173B
CN108317173B CN201810081542.4A CN201810081542A CN108317173B CN 108317173 B CN108317173 B CN 108317173B CN 201810081542 A CN201810081542 A CN 201810081542A CN 108317173 B CN108317173 B CN 108317173B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
rod
hub bearing
rack
cleaning
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810081542.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108317173A (en
Inventor
赵国平
Original Assignee
嘉兴福可吉精密机械有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 嘉兴福可吉精密机械有限公司 filed Critical 嘉兴福可吉精密机械有限公司
Priority to CN201810081542.4A priority Critical patent/CN108317173B/en
Priority to CN201610398168.1A priority patent/CN106050920B/en
Publication of CN108317173A publication Critical patent/CN108317173A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108317173B publication Critical patent/CN108317173B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C33/00Parts of bearings; Special methods for making bearings or parts thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B12/00Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area
    • B05B12/16Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area for controlling the spray area
    • B05B12/18Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area for controlling the spray area using fluids, e.g. gas streams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B12/00Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area
    • B05B12/16Arrangements for controlling delivery; Arrangements for controlling the spray area for controlling the spray area
    • B05B12/20Masking elements, i.e. elements defining uncoated areas on an object to be coated
    • B05B12/30Masking elements, i.e. elements defining uncoated areas on an object to be coated specially adapted for vehicle wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/0221Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work characterised by the means for moving or conveying the objects or other work, e.g. conveyor belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/0278Arrangement or mounting of spray heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B14/00Arrangements for collecting, re-using or eliminating excess spraying material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B14/00Arrangements for collecting, re-using or eliminating excess spraying material
    • B05B14/40Arrangements for collecting, re-using or eliminating excess spraying material for use in spray booths
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B15/00Details of spraying plant or spraying apparatus not otherwise provided for; Accessories
    • B05B15/80Arrangements in which the spray area is not enclosed, e.g. spray tables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B16/00Spray booths
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/02Cleaning travelling work, e.g. a web, articles on a conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • B08B3/12Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration by sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
    • B08B3/123Cleaning travelling work, e.g. webs, articles on a conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/093Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B9/0936Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by the force of jets or sprays using rotating jets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • B24B19/02Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group for grinding grooves, e.g. on shafts, in casings, in tubes, homokinetic joint elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • B24B19/02Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group for grinding grooves, e.g. on shafts, in casings, in tubes, homokinetic joint elements
    • B24B19/06Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group for grinding grooves, e.g. on shafts, in casings, in tubes, homokinetic joint elements for grinding races, e.g. roller races
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/02Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B5/00Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B5/02Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work
    • B24B5/06Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work for grinding cylindrical surfaces internally
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B5/00Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B5/02Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work
    • B24B5/06Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work for grinding cylindrical surfaces internally
    • B24B5/10Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor involving centres or chucks for holding work for grinding cylindrical surfaces internally involving a horizontal tool spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B5/00Machines or devices designed for grinding surfaces of revolution on work, including those which also grind adjacent plane surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B5/35Accessories
    • B24B5/355Feeding means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The present invention provides the cleaning devices in a kind of production system of hub bearing.The technical problems such as the structure that it solves existing processing unit (plant) is too simple, needs manual handling bearing, and speed of production is slow.Cleaning device in the production system of this hub bearing, the production system of hub bearing includes including workbench, cleaning device includes fixed third rack on the table, cleaning case is provided in the third rack, cleaning case one end has import, the cleaning case other end has outlet, supersonic generator is provided in cleaning case, conveyer belt is provided in third rack, conveyer belt both ends are pierced by inlet and outlet respectively, 40 placing pieces are provided on conveyer belt, the locating rod for positioning hub bearing is provided with by detachable structure on placing piece, the baiting structure that blanking can be carried out to hub bearing is provided in third rack.The present invention has the advantages that cleaning is convenient.

Description

Cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cleaning devices in a kind of production system of hub bearing.
Background technique
Hub bearing is one of key components and parts of automobile, its main function is load capacity and mentions for the rotation of wheel hub For accurately guiding, this requires it that can not only bear axial load and still suffers from radial load.
Through retrieving, as Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of bearing processing apparatus [application number: 201210428014.4;It is public The number of opening: CN 102975001A].This bearing processing apparatus, it is characterised in that: including the bracket being supported on ground, the branch Frame upper end is equipped with work top, and the work top middle position is equipped with through-hole, and the work top is equipped with hydraulic top, described Hydraulic top be connected with control cabinet, the front end of the ejection piston rod of the hydraulic top can be extend into the through-hole on work top.
Although the machining accuracy of bearing can be improved in processing unit (plant) disclosed in the patent, still, the knot of the processing unit (plant) Structure is too simple, needs manual handling bearing, and speed of production is slow, therefore, in the production system for designing a kind of hub bearing Cleaning device is necessary.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, a kind of production system of hub bearing is proposed System, the production system have the characteristics that speed of production is fast.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme: a kind of production system of hub bearing, including work Platform, which is characterized in that the outer ring grinding attachment for the grinding of hub bearing outer ring is disposed on the workbench, for taking turns Hub bearing inner race grinding inner ring grinding attachment, for hub bearing cleaning cleaning device, for hub bearing spraying spray Coating device and the detection device detected for hub bearing.
Using the above structure, hub bearing outer ring is ground by outer ring grinding attachment, passes through inner ring grinding attachment Hub bearing inner ring is ground, hub bearing is cleaned by cleaning device, by spray equipment to hub bearing Spraying antirust agent is carried out, clearance detection is carried out to hub bearing by detection device, crosses multioperation, speed of production without artificial Fastly.
The outer ring grinding attachment includes fixed the first rack on the table, is fixed with first in first rack Work box, the first work box side have opening, are provided with the first mounting plate in the first work box, set on first mounting plate one end It is equipped with oild chuck, oild chuck one end is connected with decelerating motor, and the oild chuck other end has and can will draw a circle to approve outside hub bearing The bayonet that position is lived is provided with lifter plate by the first elevating mechanism on the first mounting plate other end, is provided with movement on lifter plate Frame, movable stand are connected with the first movement mechanism that one can drive it to move back and forth, and being horizontally disposed on movable stand has rotation axis, rotate Axis one end is connected with the first grinding wheel, and the rotating mechanism that the rotation axis other end can drive it to rotate with one is connected;First rack On be provided with can be to the cleaning mechanism cleared up in the first work box.
The working principle of outer ring grinding attachment is as follows: hub bearing outer ring being located on oild chuck, the electricity that slows down is passed through Machine drives oild chuck rotation, and oild chuck drives hub bearing outer ring rotating, drives rotation axis rotation by rotating mechanism, turns Moving axis drives the rotation of the first grinding wheel;Movable stand is driven to move back and forth by first movement mechanism, movable stand drives rotation axis back and forth Mobile, rotation axis drives the first grinding wheel to move back and forth and is adjusted to first required horizontal position, passes through the first elevator Structure polishes first of jump ditch of hub bearing outer ring the first grinding wheel adjusting to required vertical position, the first grinding wheel, It is detached from the first grinding wheel and hub bearing outer ring by the first elevating mechanism, drives movable stand to move back by first movement mechanism Dynamic, movable stand drives rotation axis to move back and forth, and rotation axis drives the first grinding wheel to move back and forth and is adjusted to required second Horizontal position is adjusted the first grinding wheel again to required vertical position by the first elevating mechanism, and the first grinding wheel is to hub spindle The second of bearing outer-ring jumps ditch and polishes, and realizes that single clamping jumps ditch to twice and polishes, grinding accuracy is high.
The cleaning mechanism includes spray head, air gun, liquid storage box, shaft, rotating bar and support rod, and support rod is fixed on first On mounting plate, shaft is arranged on support rod, and shaft upper end is connected with driving motor, is connected in the middle part of shaft lower end and rotating bar, Air gun is fixed on rotating bar one end, and the air inlet of the outlet mouth down of air gun, air gun is connected by appendix with air compressor machine, spray head It is fixed on the rotating bar other end, downward, the inlet of spray head is connected by inlet tube with liquid storage box the liquid outlet of spray head, feed liquor Delivery pump is provided in pipe, liquid storage box is fixed in the first rack, and liquid storage box is located at below the first work box, and liquid storage box passes through Liquid back pipe and the first work lower box part are connected.
When needing to clear up the first work box, the output shaft for controlling driving motor drives shaft rotation, shaft band The rotation of turn lever, rotating bar drive spray head and air gun rotation, and the cleaning solution in liquid storage box is transported at spray head by delivery pump, spray Head cleans up the first work box, and air compressor machine delivers air at air gun, and air gun dries up the first work box, alternative people Work cleaning, cleaning are convenient.
Magnet is additionally provided in the liquid storage box.
The first movement mechanism includes servo motor, screw rod, nut, the first guide rod and the first guide sleeve, the first guide rod water Flat to be fixed on lifter plate, first leads and is set on the first guide rod, and screw rod is horizontally set on lifter plate, and screw rod and first Guide rod is parallel to each other, and screw rod end is connected with servo motor, and nut thread is connected on screw rod, and nut overcoat is equipped with the axis of rolling It holds, the outer ring of rolling bearing is connected by attachment base and the first guide sleeve, and movable stand is fixed on attachment base.
When needing moves back and forth movable stand, the output shaft for controlling servo motor drives screw rod rotation, and screw rod drives spiral shell Mother's rotation, nut move back and forth attachment base, and attachment base drives movable stand to move back and forth.
First elevating mechanism includes that the first push-rod electric machine, the first guide rail, the first sliding block and support plate, support plate are fixed On the first mounting plate, the first guide rail is fixed vertically, and the first sliding block is arranged on the first guide rail on the supporting plate, the first sliding block and Lifter plate is mutually fixed, and the first push-rod electric machine is fixed on the first mounting plate, and straight up, first pushes away the push rod of the first push-rod electric machine The push rod end of bar motor is connected with the first sliding block.
When needing moves up and down lifter plate, the first sliding block is driven to move up and down by the push rod of the first push-rod electric machine, First sliding block drives lifter plate to move up and down.
The rotating mechanism includes stepper motor, driving wheel and driven wheel, and stepper motor is fixed on movable stand, stepping electricity The output shaft of machine is horizontally disposed, and driving wheel is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor, and driven wheel is fixed on the rotating shaft, driving wheel It is meshed with driven wheel.
The first controller, decelerating motor, servo motor, the first push-rod electric machine and stepping are further fixed in first rack Motor is connected with first controller.
The inner ring grinding attachment includes fixed the second rack on the table, is fixed with second in second rack Work box is provided with the second grinding wheel in the second work box, stock guide is further fixed in the second work box, offered on stock guide into Expect that channel, tapping channel and polishing channel, feeding-passage one end are connected with the external world, the feeding-passage other end and polishing channel one End is connected, and tapping channel one end is connected with the external world, and the tapping channel other end is connected with polishing one end of the channel, channel of polishing The other end is provided with the feeder that hub bearing inner ring can be transported to feeding-passage on the second grinding wheel, second rack Structure, feed mechanism include importing plate, the second mounting plate, the first clamping plate, the second clamping plate and the first manipulator, import plate and fix On the second work box, imports on plate and offer lead-in groove, lead-in groove is connected with feeding-passage one end, first manipulator one end It is fixed in the second rack, the first manipulator other end and the second mounting plate are connected, and the second mounting plate can be located on importing plate Side, the first clamping plate are fixed on second mounting plate one end, and the second clamping plate is arranged by the second mobile mechanism in the second mounting plate The positioning region for positioning hub bearing inner ring is formed on the other end, between the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate, first clamps It is also provided with the notch passed through for hub bearing inner ring on plate, the baffle that notch can be sheltered from is provided on the first clamping plate, Baffle can drive the second elevating mechanism of lower lifting to be thereon connected with one.
The working principle of inner ring grinding attachment is as follows: being put by the first mobile be at of mechanical the second mounting plate of hand-motion At magazine, move back and forth the second clamping plate by the second mobile mechanism, it will be multiple by the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate Positioning hub bearing inner ring is clamped, and is imported at plate by mobile be at of first mechanical the second mounting plate of hand-motion, by the Two elevating mechanisms move up baffle, and notch is in the open state, make the second clamping plate back and forth by the second mobile mechanism Mobile, hub bearing inner ring is pushed in feeding-passage by the second clamping plate, and alternative artificial loading is high in machining efficiency.
Second mobile mechanism includes the second push-rod electric machine, the second guide rail and the second sliding block, and the second guide rail is fixed on the On two mounting plates, the second sliding block is arranged on the second guide rail, and the second push-rod electric machine is fixed on the second mounting plate, the second push rod electricity The push rod end of machine is connected with the second sliding block, and the second clamping plate is fixed on the second sliding block.
When needing moves back and forth the second clamping plate, the push rod of the second push-rod electric machine of control drives the second sliding block to move back Dynamic, the second sliding block drives the second clamping plate to move back and forth.
The second clamping plate direction is fixed with rubber pad on the first clamping plate side.
Second elevating mechanism includes third push-rod electric machine, and third push-rod electric machine is fixed on the second mounting plate, third Straight down, the push rod end of third push-rod electric machine is connected the push rod of push-rod electric machine with baffle.
It is also provided with sliding slot on first clamping plate, baffle plate setting is in sliding slot.
The cutting agency that hub bearing inner ring at tapping channel can be exported, cutting agency are provided in second rack Including export plate, stopper, pushing block and cylinder, export plate is fixed in the second rack, is exported and is offered export slot on plate, the The through plate that export slot can be connected to tapping channel is fixed on two work boxs, cylinder is fixed in the second rack, cylinder Piston rod is horizontally disposed, and the piston rod end of cylinder is connected with pushing block, and stopper setting is in export slot.
Using the above structure, the hub bearing inner ring polished is rolled out from tapping channel, is rolled into export plate from through plate, is led to It crosses stopper to limit hub bearing inner ring, drives pushing block mobile by the piston rod of cylinder, make next hub bearing Inner ring is between stopper and pushing block, and blanking is convenient.
Protective plate is further fixed on the export plate.
Using the above structure, by protective plate can avoid hub bearing inner ring from export plate on fall down.
Also fixed second controller in second rack, the second push-rod electric machine, third push-rod electric machine and cylinder with this Second controller is connected.
The cleaning device includes fixed third rack on the table, is provided with cleaning case in the third rack, Cleaning case one end has import, and the cleaning case other end has outlet, is provided with supersonic generator in cleaning case, in third rack It is provided with conveyer belt, conveyer belt both ends are pierced by inlet and outlet respectively, and several placing pieces are provided on conveyer belt, are led on placing piece It crosses detachable structure and is provided with locating rod for positioning hub bearing, be provided with and hub bearing can be carried out down in third rack The baiting structure of material, baiting structure include mounting post, bracket, the 4th push-rod electric machine, third guide rail, third sliding block, rotary shaft and Mounting disc, mounting post are fixed in third rack, and mounting post, close to outlet, third guide rail is horizontally fixed in mounting post, the Three sliding blocks are arranged on third guide rail, and the 4th push-rod electric machine is fixed in mounting post, and the push rod of the 4th push-rod electric machine is horizontally disposed, The push rod end of 4th push-rod electric machine is connected with third sliding block, and bracket is fixed on third sliding block, and rotation axis horizontal setting is being propped up On frame, the power mechanism that rotary shaft end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, and mounting disc is arranged in rotary shaft, is set in mounting disc It is equipped with several for picking and placing the pick-and-place structure of hub bearing.
The working principle of cleaning device is as follows: multiple hub bearings worn on the securing lever, it will by detachable structure Locating rod is fixed on the placing piece of conveyer belt, and hub bearing is transported in cleaning case and cleans by conveyer belt, control the 4th The push rod of push-rod electric machine drives third sliding block to move back and forth, and third sliding block drives bracket to move back and forth, and bracket drives rotary shaft Return is dynamic, and rotary shaft is adjusted to suitable position, is driven by a power mechanism rotary shaft rotation, and rotary shaft drives mounting disc to turn It is dynamic, hub bearing is grabbed by picking and placing structure, is located at rotary shaft above case by the push rod of the 4th push-rod electric machine, leads to It crosses pick-and-place structure hub bearing is put into case, cleaning is convenient.
The placing piece includes left placement piece and right placement piece, and left placement piece is fixed on conveyer belt side, and right placement piece is solid It is scheduled on the conveyer belt other side;The detachable structure includes being provided with the left left placing groove for placing on piece and being provided with right placement piece On right placing groove, locating rod both ends be respectively provided with left positioning region and with right positioning region, left positioning region can snap onto left placing groove In, right positioning region can snap onto right placing groove.
Using the above structure, it by snapping onto the left positioning region of locating rod in the left left placing groove for placing piece, will position The right positioning region of bar snaps onto the right right placing groove for placing piece, can be fixed on the conveyor belt by locating rod, convenient for disassembly and assembly.
The pick-and-place structure includes mounting bar and electromagnet, and mounting bar is fixed in mounting disc, and electromagnet is fixed on installation On item.
Using the above structure, by the energization of electromagnet or power loss, can hub bearing be grabbed or is put down.
The take linkage that locating rod can be removed is additionally provided in the third rack, take linkage includes the first driving gas Cylinder, the second guide rod, the second guide sleeve and the first finger cylinder, the second guide rod are horizontally fixed in third rack, and the second guide rod with Third guide rail is mutually perpendicular to, and second leads and be set on the second guide rod, and the first driving cylinder is fixed in third rack, and first drives The take offence piston rod end of cylinder is connected with the second guide sleeve, and the first finger cylinder is fixed by the connecting rod on the second guide sleeve, and first One finger of finger cylinder and the first crawl block are connected, another finger of the first finger cylinder and the second crawl block are connected.
When needing to remove locating rod, the piston rod of control the first driving cylinder drives the second guide sleeve to move back and forth, the Two guide sleeves drive the first finger cylinder to move back and forth, and the first finger cylinder clamps locating rod, and by locating rod from mounting disc It removes, it is easy to operate.
The power mechanism includes rotary electric machine, driving pulley, driven pulley and belt, and rotary electric machine is fixed on bracket On, the output shaft of rotary electric machine is horizontally disposed, and driving pulley is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine, and driven pulley is fixed on rotation In shaft, belt is set between driving pulley and driven pulley.
Several cleaning brush are additionally provided in the cleaning case, each cleaning brush can drive the lower lifting gone up and down thereon with one Cylinder is connected, and cleaning brush can be in contact with conveyer belt.
The spray equipment includes fixed the 4th rack on the table, is provided with spraying box in the 4th rack, Spraying box one end has input port, and the spraying box other end has delivery outlet, is provided with conveyer belt in spraying box, sets in the 4th rack It is equipped with the infusion mechanism that antirust agent can be conveyed to spraying box, infusion mechanism include perfusion tube, liquid reserve tank, pod and recycling bins, Perfusion tube is horizontally set in spraying box, and perfusion tube is located above conveyer belt, and perfusion tube one end is closed end, and perfusion tube is another End is connected by connecting tube with liquid reserve tank, and infusion tube side part offers several fluid holes, and fog-spray nozzle is provided at fluid hole, is sprayed Mist head goes out mouth down, water pump is provided in connecting tube, pod is arranged in spraying box, and pod is located under conveyer belt Side, upward, the outflow port of pod is connected by recovery tube with recycling bins the flow inlet of pod, and suction is provided on recovery tube Air pump, pod can drive the moving structure of lower movement to be thereon connected with one.
The working principle of spray equipment is as follows: hub bearing being transported in spraying box by conveyer belt, water pump is by liquid storage Antirust agent in case is transported in perfusion tube, and antirust agent is sprayed in spraying box by fog-spray nozzle, is driven by moving structure Pod, which moves up and down, is adjusted to suitable position, and asepwirator pump sucks the air at pod in recovery tube, in water conservancy diversion Under the guide functions of cover, fog-spray nozzle sprinkling antirust agent can flow to downside on the upside of hub bearing faster, spray antirust agent It is spread across on entire hub bearing, spraying effect is good.
Filter bag is additionally provided on the recovery tube.
The moving structure includes that guide rod, sliding shoe and the 5th push-rod electric machine, guide rod are fixed in spraying box vertically, Sliding shoe is arranged on the guide bar, and pod is fixed on sliding shoe, and the 5th push-rod electric machine is fixed in the 4th rack, and the 5th pushes away Straight up, the push rod of the 5th push-rod electric machine passes through spraying box and is connected with sliding shoe the push rod of bar motor.
When needing moves up and down pod, the push rod of the 5th push-rod electric machine of control drives sliding shoe along on guide rod Lower movement, sliding shoe drive pod to move up and down.
Guide plate is provided at the input port, guide plate is close to conveyer belt.
Using the above structure, can make hub bearing more by guide plate can smoothly enter on conveyer belt.
The feeding structure that hub bearing can be conveyed to guide plate is provided in 4th rack, the feeding structure includes Placement plate, the second manipulator, third mounting plate, second finger cylinder, the first cylinder and the second cylinder, second manipulator one end are solid It is scheduled in the 4th rack, the second manipulator other end is connected with third mounting plate, and second finger cylinder is fixed on third mounting plate On, it is fixed with the first gripping block on a finger of second finger cylinder, is fixed on another finger of second finger cylinder Second gripping block, the first cylinder are fixed in the 4th rack, and the piston rod of the first cylinder is horizontally disposed, the piston rod of the first cylinder End is connected with the first connecting plate, and the second cylinder is fixed on the first connecting plate, and the piston rod of the second cylinder is horizontally disposed, and the The piston rod of the piston rod of two cylinders and the first cylinder is mutually perpendicular to, the piston rod end of the second cylinder and the second connecting plate phase Even, placement plate is fixed on the second connecting plate, has the locating slot for positioning materials box in placement plate.
When hub bearing need to be conveyed to guide plate, material box is placed in the locating slot of placement plate, the first cylinder is passed through It realizes moving left and right for placement plate, the back-and-forth motion of placement plate is realized by the second cylinder, pass through the second mechanical hand-motion third Mounting plate is mobile, and third mounting plate drives second finger cylinder mobile, and second finger cylinder presss from both sides the hub bearing in material box It firmly and is put on guide plate, feeding is convenient.
Control mechanism is additionally provided in 4th rack, control mechanism includes several first stroke switches, several second Travel switch, detection bar and third controller, several first stroke switches and several second strokes switch are arranged at placement plate On, detection bar is fixed in the 4th rack, and first stroke switch can be in contact with detection bar, second stroke switch energy and detection bar It is in contact, first stroke switch, second stroke switch, the first cylinder and the second cylinder are connected with the third controller.
Using the above structure, it is switched by first stroke and signal is passed into third controller, third controller is controllable First cylinder movement is switched by second stroke signal passing to third controller, and third controller can control the second cylinder Movement.
The detection device includes fixed the 5th rack on the table, is fixed with placement rack in the 5th rack, The placement through-hole for placing hub bearing is offered on placement rack, is provided with hub bearing can be located in the 5th rack and be put The positioning mechanism on seat is set, press mechanism and lifting body are additionally provided in the 5th rack, press mechanism includes upper bracket, double rod Cylinder, the 4th mounting plate, the first crushing block and fixed plate, upper bracket are fixed on the 5th rack upper surface, and double-rod cylinder is fixed on On upper bracket, the piston-rod lower end of double-rod cylinder and the 4th mounting plate are connected, and the 4th mounting plate and the first crushing block are connected, and first Crushing block, which can be extend into, to be placed in through-hole, and the piston rod upper end of double-rod cylinder is connected with fixed plate, and first is provided on upper bracket Indicating mechanism, the first indicating mechanism include indicating arm and pointer, and indicating arm is fixed on upper bracket vertically, have on indicating arm and carve Line is spent, pointer is fixed in fixed plate, and pointer is towards the graduation mark of indicating arm.
The working principle of detection device is as follows: hub bearing being placed in the placement through-hole of placement rack, positioning mechanism is passed through It is located, the piston rod for controlling double-rod cylinder drives the 4th mounting plate to move down, and the 4th mounting plate drives first to squeeze Block moves down, and the first crushing block squeezes the inner ring on the upside of hub bearing, by lifting body on the downside of hub bearing Inner ring squeezed, the scale twice indicated by pointer can be obtained the clearance value of hub bearing, and detection is quick.
The lifting body includes lower bracket, jacking cylinder and the second crushing block, and lower bracket is fixed on the 5th rack following table Face, jacking cylinder are fixed on lower bracket, the piston rod of jacking cylinder straight up, the piston rod end of jacking cylinder and second Crushing block is connected, and the second crushing block, which can be extend into, to be placed in through-hole.
When needing to squeeze the inner ring on the downside of hub bearing, the piston rod for controlling jacking cylinder drives the second crushing block It moves up, the second crushing block squeezes the inner ring on the downside of hub bearing.
The positioning mechanism includes compact heap and the second driving cylinder, and compact heap one end and the 5th rack are hinged, compress The block other end is compressed part, and compressed part can lean with placement rack, and the second driving cylinder is hinged in the 5th rack, the second driving It is hinged in the middle part of the piston rod and compact heap of cylinder.
When needing to position hub bearing, the piston rod of control the second driving cylinder drives compact heap to swing back and forth, Hub bearing is positioned by the compressed part of compact heap, positioning is quick.
Non-slip mat is fixed on the compact heap.
The second indicating mechanism is additionally provided on the upper bracket, the second indicating mechanism includes displacement sensor, detection block, the 4th Controller and display screen, detection block are fixed in fixed plate, and displacement sensor is fixed by the connecting rod on upper bracket, and displacement passes The test section of sensor is fixed on upper bracket towards detection block, display screen, and displacement sensor and display screen are controlled with the 4th Device is connected.
Using the above structure, detection block is driven to move up and down by fixed plate, the signal that displacement sensor will test passes The 4th controller is passed, the 4th controller shows its data by display screen.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages that
1, hub bearing outer ring and inner ring can be ground in the present invention, hub bearing is cleaned, sprays antirust Agent and clearance detection cross multioperation without artificial, and speed of production is fast.
2, move back and forth the first grinding wheel by servo motor, move up and down the first grinding wheel by the first push-rod electric machine, Single clamping can be achieved to polish to twice jump ditch, grinding accuracy is high.
3, multiple hub bearings are worn on the securing lever, locating rod is fixed on the conveyor belt, and conveyer belt is by hub spindle It holds to be transported in cleaning case and be cleaned, hub bearing is grabbed by electromagnet and is put into case, cleaning is convenient.
4, hub bearing being placed on placement rack, the piston rod for controlling double-rod cylinder drives the first crushing block to move down, First crushing block squeezes the inner ring on the upside of hub bearing, and the piston rod for controlling jacking cylinder drives the second crushing block upward Mobile, the second crushing block squeezes the inner ring on the downside of hub bearing, and wheel hub can be obtained in the scale twice indicated by pointer The clearance value of bearing, detection are quick.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of outer ring grinding attachment.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view that outer ring grinding attachment removes part.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of inner ring grinding attachment.
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view that inner ring grinding attachment removes part.
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view that inner ring grinding attachment removes part.
Fig. 6 is the schematic perspective view of cleaning device.
Fig. 7 is the planar structure schematic diagram that cleaning device removes part.
Fig. 8 is the cross-sectional view of spray equipment.
Fig. 9 is the schematic perspective view that spray equipment removes part.
Figure 10 is the planar structure schematic diagram of detection device.
In figure, the 1, first rack;2, oild chuck;3, the first mounting plate;4, liquid storage box;5, inlet tube;6, delivery pump;7, Support rod;8, spray head;9, rotating bar;10, driving motor;11, air compressor machine;12, shaft;13, appendix;14, air gun;15, subtract Speed motor;16, the first work box;17, the first sliding block;18, the first guide rail;19, the first push-rod electric machine;20, support plate;21, One guide rod;22, the first guide sleeve;23, rolling bearing;24, attachment base;25, lifter plate;26, servo motor;27, screw rod;28, spiral shell It is female;29, movable stand;30, rotation axis;31, the first grinding wheel;35, the first controller;41, the second rack;42, the second grinding wheel;43, Second work box;44, stock guide;44a, feeding-passage;44b, tapping channel;44c, polishing channel;45, plate is imported;45a, it leads Enter slot;46, through plate;47, second controller;48, rubber pad;49, the second clamping plate;50, the second push-rod electric machine;51, second Sliding block;52, the second guide rail;53, the first manipulator;54, the second mounting plate;55, third push-rod electric machine;56, the first clamping plate; 56a, notch;56b, sliding slot;57, baffle;58, plate is exported;58a, export slot;59, pushing block;60, cylinder;61, protective plate; 62, stopper;65, third rack;66, cleaning case;67, supersonic generator;68, conveyer belt;69, mounting post;70, it installs Disk;71, bracket;72, the 4th push-rod electric machine;73, cleaning brush;74, lifting cylinder;75, left placement piece;76, locating rod;77, right Place piece;78, third guide rail;79, third sliding block;80, electromagnet;81, mounting bar;82, rotary shaft;90, the 4th rack;91, Conveyer belt;92, spraying box;93, pod;94, filter bag;95, recovery tube;96, asepwirator pump;97, recycling bins;98, sliding shoe; 99, the 5th push-rod electric machine;100, guide rod;101, liquid reserve tank;102, water pump;103, connecting tube;104, perfusion tube;105, spraying Head;106, the second manipulator;107, third mounting plate;108, second finger cylinder;109, the first gripping block;110, it second clamps Block;111, guide plate;112, third controller;113, the second cylinder;114, second stroke switchs;115, the second connecting plate; 116, detection bar;117, the first connecting plate;118, the first cylinder;119, first stroke switchs;120, placement plate;121, the 5th machine Frame;122, the 4th controller;123, lower bracket;124, jacking cylinder;125, the second crushing block;126, display screen;127, second Drive cylinder;128, compact heap;129, non-slip mat;130, double-rod cylinder;131, displacement sensor;132, connecting rod;133, it examines Survey block;134, fixed plate;135, pointer;136, indicating arm;137, upper bracket;138, the 4th mounting plate;139, the first crushing block; 140, placement rack;140a, through-hole is placed.
Specific embodiment
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 6, Fig. 8, Figure 10, the production system of this hub bearing, including workbench, on workbench according to It is secondary to be provided with the outer ring grinding attachment for the grinding of hub bearing outer ring, the inner ring grinding dress for hub bearing inner ring grinding Set, for hub bearing cleaning cleaning device, for hub bearing spraying spray equipment and for hub bearing detection Detection device.
As shown in Figure 1, outer ring grinding attachment includes fixed the first rack 1 on the table, it is fixed in the first rack 1 First work box 16 is fixed with the first work box 16 in first rack 1 by bolted connection;First work box, 16 side With opening, the first mounting plate 3 is provided in the first work box 16, the first mounting plate is provided with oild chuck 2, liquid on 3 one end Pressure 2 one end of chuck is connected with decelerating motor 15, and 2 other end of oild chuck has the bayonet that can position hub bearing outer ring, Lifter plate 25 is provided with by the first elevating mechanism on first mounting plate, 3 other end, movable stand 29 is provided on lifter plate 25, is moved Moving frame 29 is connected with the first movement mechanism that one can drive it to move back and forth, and being horizontally disposed on movable stand 29 has rotation axis 30, turns 30 one end of moving axis is connected with the first grinding wheel 31, and the mode that 30 one end of rotation axis is connected by key is connected with the first grinding wheel 31;Rotation The rotating mechanism that 30 other end of axis can drive it to rotate with one is connected;Being provided in first rack 1 can be in the first work box 16 The cleaning mechanism cleared up.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, cleaning mechanism includes spray head 8, air gun 14, liquid storage box 4, shaft 12, rotating bar 9 and support rod 7, support rod 7 is fixed on the first mounting plate 3, and shaft 12 is arranged on support rod 7,10 phase of 12 upper end of shaft and driving motor Even, it is connected in the middle part of 12 lower end of shaft and rotating bar 9, air gun 14 is fixed on 9 one end of rotating bar, the outlet mouth down of air gun 14, gas The air inlet of rifle 14 is connected by appendix 13 with air compressor machine 11, and spray head 8 is fixed on 9 other end of rotating bar, the liquid outlet of spray head 8 Downward, the inlet of spray head 8 is connected by inlet tube 5 with liquid storage box 4, and delivery pump 6 is provided in inlet tube 5, and liquid storage box 4 is solid It is scheduled in the first rack 1, and liquid storage box 4 is located at 16 lower section of the first work box, liquid storage box 4 passes through liquid back pipe and the first work box 16 Lower part is connected;Magnet is additionally provided in liquid storage box 4.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, first movement mechanism includes servo motor 26, screw rod 27, nut 28, the first guide rod 21 and One guide sleeve 22, the first guide rod 21 are horizontally fixed on lifter plate 25, and the first guide sleeve 22 is arranged on the first guide rod 21,27 water of screw rod It is flat to be arranged on lifter plate 25, and screw rod 27 and the first guide rod 21 are parallel to each other, 27 end of screw rod is connected with servo motor 26, spiral shell Mother 28 is threaded on screw rod 27, and rolling bearing 23 is arranged with outside nut 28, and the outer ring of rolling bearing 23 passes through attachment base 24 It is connected with the first guide sleeve 22, movable stand 29 is fixed on attachment base 24.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the first elevating mechanism includes the first push-rod electric machine 19, the first guide rail 18,17 and of the first sliding block Support plate 20, support plate 20 are fixed on the first mounting plate 3, and the first guide rail 18 is fixed on vertically in support plate 20, the first sliding block 17 are arranged on the first guide rail 18, and the first sliding block 17 is mutually fixed with lifter plate 25, and the first push-rod electric machine 19 is fixed on the first installation On plate 3, straight up, the push rod end of the first push-rod electric machine 19 is connected the push rod of the first push-rod electric machine 19 with the first sliding block 17.
Rotating mechanism includes stepper motor, driving wheel and driven wheel, and stepper motor is fixed on movable stand 29, stepper motor Output shaft it is horizontally disposed, driving wheel is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor, and driven wheel is fixed in rotation axis 30, driving wheel It is meshed with driven wheel.
As shown in Figure 1, the first controller 35 is further fixed in the first rack 1, decelerating motor 15, servo motor 26, first Push-rod electric machine 19 and stepper motor are connected with first controller 35, and in the present embodiment, the first controller 35, which uses, above may be used With the single-chip microcontroller bought, single-chip microcontroller control motor program be it is existing, program does not need to update.
The working principle of outer ring grinding attachment is as follows: hub bearing outer ring being located on oild chuck 2, the electricity that slows down is passed through Machine 15 drives oild chuck 2 to rotate, and oild chuck 2 drives hub bearing outer ring rotating, and the output shaft for controlling stepper motor drives Driving wheel rotation, driving wheel drive driven wheel shaft 12, and driven wheel drives rotation axis 30 to rotate, and rotation axis 30 drives the first grinding wheel 31 rotations;The output shaft for controlling servo motor 26 drives screw rod 27 to rotate, and screw rod 27 drives nut 28 to rotate, and nut 28 makes to connect Seat 24 moves back and forth, and attachment base 24 drives movable stand 29 to move back and forth, and movable stand 29 drives rotation axis 30 to move back and forth, rotation axis 30 the first grinding wheels 31 of drive, which move back and forth, is adjusted to first required horizontal position, and the first push-rod electric machine 19 of control pushes away Bar drives the first sliding block 17 to move up and down, and the first sliding block 17 drives lifter plate 25 to move up and down and is adjusted to required vertical position It sets, the first grinding wheel 31 polishes to first of jump ditch of hub bearing outer ring, makes the first grinding wheel by the first push-rod electric machine 19 31 and hub bearing outer ring be detached from, control servo motor 26 output shaft drive screw rod 27 rotate, screw rod 27 drive 28 turns of nut Dynamic, nut 28 moves back and forth attachment base 24, and attachment base 24 drives movable stand 29 to move back and forth, and movable stand 29 drives rotation axis 30 Move back and forth, rotation axis 30 drives the first grinding wheel 31 to move back and forth and is adjusted to second required horizontal position, control the The push rod of one push-rod electric machine 19 drives the first sliding block 17 to move up and down, and the first sliding block 17 drives lifter plate 25 to move up and down it again Secondary adjust arrives required vertical position, and the first grinding wheel 31 jumps ditch to the second of hub bearing outer ring and polishes, and realizes single Clamping jumps ditch to twice and polishes, and grinding accuracy is high.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, inner ring grinding attachment includes fixed the second rack 41 on the table, in the second rack 41 It is fixed with the second work box 43, the second grinding wheel 42 is provided in the second work box 43, is further fixed on guide in the second work box 43 Plate 44, offers feeding-passage 44a, tapping channel 44b and polishing channel 44c on stock guide 44, one end feeding-passage 44a and outer Boundary is connected, and the feeding-passage 44a other end is connected with polishing one end channel 44c, and the one end tapping channel 44b is connected with the external world Logical, the tapping channel 44b other end and polishing one end channel 44c are connected, the channel 44c other end of polishing close to the second grinding wheel 42, The feed mechanism that hub bearing inner ring can be transported to feeding-passage 44a is provided in second rack 41, feed mechanism includes leading Enter plate 45, the second mounting plate 54, the first clamping plate 56, the second clamping plate 49 and the first manipulator 53, imports plate 45 and be fixed on the On two work boxs 43, imports plate 45 and be fixed on the second work box 43 by welding;It imports on plate 45 and offers importing Slot 45a, lead-in groove 45a are connected with the one end feeding-passage 44a, and 53 one end of the first manipulator is fixed in the second rack 41, the One manipulator, 53 one end is fixed on by bolted connection in the second rack 41;First manipulator, 53 other end and the second peace Loading board 54 is connected, and 53 other end of the first manipulator is connected with the second mounting plate 54 by bolted connection;And second installs Plate 54, which can be located at, imports 45 top of plate, and the first clamping plate 56 is fixed on 54 one end of the second mounting plate, and the first clamping plate 56 passes through spiral shell It tethers the mode connect and is fixed on 54 one end of the second mounting plate;Second clamping plate 49 is arranged by the second mobile mechanism in the second installation The positioning region for positioning hub bearing inner ring is formed on 54 other end of plate, between the first clamping plate 56 and the second clamping plate 49, The notch 56a passed through for hub bearing inner ring is also provided on first clamping plate 56, being provided on the first clamping plate 56 can will lack The baffle 57 that mouth 56a is sheltered from, baffle 57 can drive the second elevating mechanism of lower lifting to be thereon connected with one;Second clamping plate 49 Rubber pad 48 is fixed on towards 56 side of the first clamping plate.
As shown in figure 4, the second mobile mechanism include the second push-rod electric machine 50, the second guide rail 52 and the second sliding block 51, second Guide rail 52 is fixed on the second mounting plate 54, and the second sliding block 51 is arranged on the second guide rail 52, and the second push-rod electric machine 50 is fixed on On second mounting plate 54, the push rod end of the second push-rod electric machine 50 is connected with the second sliding block 51, and the second clamping plate 49 is fixed on On two sliding blocks 51.
As shown in figure 4, the second elevating mechanism includes third push-rod electric machine 55, third push-rod electric machine 55 is fixed on the second installation On plate 54, straight down, the push rod end of third push-rod electric machine 55 is connected the push rod of third push-rod electric machine 55 with baffle 57.
As shown in figure 4, being also provided with sliding slot on the first clamping plate 56, baffle 57 is arranged in sliding slot.
As shown in figure 5, being provided with the blanking machine that can export hub bearing inner ring at tapping channel 44b in the second rack 41 Structure, cutting agency include export plate 58, stopper 62, pushing block 59 and cylinder 60, and export plate 58 is fixed in the second rack 41, Export slot 58a is offered on export plate 58, being fixed on the second work box 43 can be connected to export slot 58a with tapping channel 44b Through plate 46, cylinder 60 is fixed in the second rack 41, and the piston rod of cylinder 60 is horizontally disposed, the piston rod end of cylinder 60 It is connected with pushing block 59, the setting of stopper 62 is in export slot 58a;Protective plate 61 is further fixed on export plate 58.
As shown in figure 3, also fixed second controller 47, the second push-rod electric machine 50, third push-rod electric machine in the second rack 41 55 and cylinder 60 be connected with the second controller 47, second controller 47 is using the single-chip microcontroller that can buy in the market, monolithic Machine control motor and cylinder program be it is existing, program does not need to update.
The working principle of inner ring grinding attachment is as follows: driving the movement of the second mounting plate 54 to make at its by the first manipulator 53 At discharging box, the push rod of the second push-rod electric machine 50 of control drives the second sliding block 51 to move back and forth, and the second sliding block 51 drives second Clamping plate 49 moves back and forth, and is clamped multiple positioning hub bearing inner rings by the first clamping plate 56 and the second clamping plate 49, leads to Crossing the first manipulator 53 drives mobile be at of the second mounting plate 54 to import at plate 45, controls the push rod of third push-rod electric machine 55 Baffle 57 is driven to move up and down, notch 56a is in the open state, and the push rod of the second push-rod electric machine 50 of control drives the second sliding block 51 move back and forth, and the second sliding block 51 drives the second clamping plate 49 to move back and forth, and the second clamping plate 49 pushes hub bearing inner ring Into feeding-passage 44a;The hub bearing inner ring polished is rolled out from tapping channel 44b, is rolled into export plate 58 from through plate 46, Hub bearing inner ring is limited by stopper 62.
As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, cleaning device includes fixed third rack 65 on the table, is arranged in third rack 65 There is cleaning case 66, cleaning solution can be put into cleaning case 66;66 one end of cleaning case has import, and 66 other end of cleaning case has It exports, is provided with supersonic generator 67 in cleaning case 66, conveyer belt 68,68 both ends of conveyer belt point are provided in third rack 65 It is not pierced by inlet and outlet, several placing pieces are provided on conveyer belt 68, in the present embodiment, the quantity of placing piece is 40 It is a;The locating rod 76 for positioning hub bearing is provided with by detachable structure on placing piece, is provided in third rack 65 The baiting structure of blanking can be carried out to hub bearing, baiting structure include mounting post 69, bracket 71, the 4th push-rod electric machine 72, the Three guide rails 78, third sliding block 79, rotary shaft 82 and mounting disc 70, mounting post 69 are fixed in third rack 65, and mounting post 69 Close to outlet, third guide rail 78 is horizontally fixed in mounting post 69, and third sliding block 79 is arranged on third guide rail 78, the 4th push rod Motor 72 is fixed in mounting post 69, and the 4th push-rod electric machine 72 is fixed on by bolted connection in mounting post 69;4th The push rod of push-rod electric machine 72 is horizontally disposed, and the push rod end of the 4th push-rod electric machine 72 is connected with third sliding block 79, the 4th push rod electricity The push rod end of machine 72 is connected with third sliding block 79 by bolted connection;Bracket 71 is fixed on third sliding block 79, branch Frame 71 is fixed on by bolted connection on third sliding block 79;Rotary shaft 82 is horizontally set on bracket 71, rotary shaft 82 The power mechanism that end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, and mounting disc 70 is arranged in rotary shaft 82, mounting disc 70 is fixed respectively At 82 both ends of rotary shaft;It is provided in mounting disc 70 several for picking and placing the pick-and-place structure of hub bearing;Picking and placing structure includes peace Dress item 81 and electromagnet 80, mounting bar 81 are fixed in mounting disc 70, and electromagnet 80 is fixed on mounting bar 81.
As shown in fig. 6, placing piece includes left placement piece 75 and right placement piece 77, left placement piece 75 is fixed on conveyer belt 68 1 Side, right placement piece 77 are fixed on 68 other side of conveyer belt;Detachable structure includes the left placing groove being provided on left placement piece 75 Be provided with it is right placement piece 77 on right placing groove, 76 both ends of locating rod be respectively provided with left positioning region and with right positioning region, Zuo Ding Position portion can snap onto left placing groove, and right positioning region can snap onto right placing groove.
The take linkage that locating rod 76 can be removed is additionally provided in third rack 65, take linkage includes the first driving gas Cylinder, the second guide rod, the second guide sleeve and the first finger cylinder, the second guide rod are horizontally fixed in third rack 65, and the second guide rod It is mutually perpendicular to third guide rail 78, second leads and is set on the second guide rod, and the first driving cylinder is fixed in third rack 65, The piston rod end of first driving cylinder is connected with the second guide sleeve, and the first finger cylinder is fixed by the connecting rod in the second guide sleeve On, a finger of the first finger cylinder and the first crawl block are connected, another finger of the first finger cylinder and the second crawl Block 87 is connected.
Power mechanism includes rotary electric machine, driving pulley, driven pulley and belt, and rotary electric machine is fixed on bracket 71, The output shaft of rotary electric machine is horizontally disposed, and driving pulley is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine, and driven pulley is fixed on rotation On axis 82, belt is set between driving pulley and driven pulley.
As shown in fig. 6, being additionally provided with several cleaning brush 73, in the present embodiment, the quantity of cleaning brush 73 in cleaning case 66 It is three;Each cleaning brush 73 can drive the lifting cylinder 74 of lower lifting to be thereon connected with one, and the cylinder body of lifting cylinder 74 is solid Be scheduled on cleaning case 66, the piston rod of lifting cylinder 74 straight down, 73 phase of piston rod end and cleaning brush of lifting cylinder 74 Even;And cleaning brush 73 can be in contact with conveyer belt 68.
The working principle of cleaning device is as follows: multiple hub bearings is threaded through in locating rod 76, locating rod 76 is fixed On conveyer belt 68;Hub bearing is transported in cleaning case 66 by conveyer belt 68 and is cleaned;Control the 4th push-rod electric machine 72 push rod drives third sliding block 79 to move back and forth, and third sliding block 79 drives bracket 71 to move back and forth, and bracket 71 drives rotary shaft 82 move back and forth and are adjusted to suitable position;The output shaft for controlling rotary electric machine drives driving pulley rotation, driving pulley Driven pulley rotation is driven by belt, driven pulley drives rotary shaft 82 to rotate, and rotary shaft 82 drives mounting disc 70 to rotate, electricity The energization of magnet 80 grabs hub bearing;Locating rod 76 can be simultaneously detached from conveyer belt 68 with the crawl of hub bearing, control The piston rod of first driving cylinder drives the second guide sleeve to move back and forth, and the second guide sleeve drives the first finger cylinder to move back and forth, the One finger cylinder clamps locating rod 76, and locating rod 76 is removed from mounting disc 70;Pass through pushing away for the 4th push-rod electric machine 72 Bar is located at rotary shaft 82 above case, and hub bearing is put into case by the power loss of electromagnet 80, and cleaning is convenient.
As shown in figure 8, spray equipment includes fixed the 4th rack 90 on the table, spray is provided in the 4th rack 90 Case 92 is applied, 92 one end of spraying box has input port, and 92 other end of spraying box has delivery outlet, is provided with conveyer belt in spraying box 92 91, be provided with the infusion mechanism that antirust agent can be conveyed to spraying box 92 in the 4th rack 90, infusion mechanism include perfusion tube 104, Liquid reserve tank 101, pod 93 and recycling bins 97, perfusion tube 104 are horizontally set in spraying box 92, and perfusion tube 104 is located at biography Send band 91 top, 104 one end of perfusion tube is closed end, and 104 other end of perfusion tube is connected by connecting tube 103 with liquid reserve tank 101 Logical, 104 side of perfusion tube offers several fluid holes, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of fluid hole is five;It is arranged at fluid hole There is fog-spray nozzle 105, fog-spray nozzle 105 goes out mouth down, water pump 102 is provided in connecting tube 103, and pod 93 is arranged in spraying box In 92, and pod 93 is located at 91 lower section of conveyer belt, and upward, the outflow port of pod 93 passes through recycling to the flow inlet of pod 93 Pipe 95 is connected with recycling bins 97, and asepwirator pump 96 is provided on recovery tube 95, and pod 93 and one can drive lower movement thereon Moving structure is connected;Filter bag 94 is additionally provided on recovery tube 95.
As shown in figure 8, moving structure includes guide rod 100, sliding shoe 98 and the 5th push-rod electric machine 99, guide rod 100 is perpendicular It is directly fixed in spraying box 92, sliding shoe 98 is arranged on guide rod 100, and pod 93 is fixed on sliding shoe 98, and the 5th pushes away Bar motor 99 is fixed in the 4th rack 90, the push rod of the 5th push-rod electric machine 99 straight up, the push rod of the 5th push-rod electric machine 99 It is connected across spraying box 92 with sliding shoe 98.
As shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, guide plate 111 is provided at input port, guide plate 111 is close to conveyer belt 91;4th rack The feeding structure that hub bearing can be conveyed to guide plate 111 is provided on 90, feeding structure includes that placement plate 120, second is mechanical Hand 106, third mounting plate 107, second finger cylinder 108, the first cylinder 118 and the second cylinder 113, the second manipulator 106 1 End is fixed in the 4th rack 90, and 106 other end of the second manipulator is connected with third mounting plate 107, and second finger cylinder 108 is solid It is scheduled on third mounting plate 107, is fixed with the first gripping block 109, second finger gas on a finger of second finger cylinder 108 The second gripping block 110 is fixed on another finger of cylinder 108, the first cylinder 118 is fixed in the 4th rack 90, the first cylinder 118 piston rod is horizontally disposed, and the piston rod end of the first cylinder 118 is connected with the first connecting plate 117, and the second cylinder 113 is solid It is scheduled on the first connecting plate 117, the piston rod of the second cylinder 113 is horizontally disposed, and the piston rod and the first gas of the second cylinder 113 The piston rod of cylinder 118 is mutually perpendicular to, and the piston rod end of the second cylinder 113 is connected with the second connecting plate 115, and placement plate 120 is solid It is scheduled on the second connecting plate 115, there is the locating slot for positioning materials box in placement plate 120.
As shown in figure 9, being additionally provided with control mechanism in the 4th rack 90, control mechanism includes several first stroke switches 119, several second stroke switches 114, detection bar 116 and third controller 112, several first stroke switches 119 and several Two travel switches 114 are arranged in placement plate 120, in the present embodiment, first stroke switch 119 and second stroke switch 114 quantity is four;Detection bar 116 is fixed in the 4th rack 90, and first stroke switch 119 can be with 116 phase of detection bar Contact, second stroke switch 114 can be in contact with detection bar 116, first stroke switch 119, second stroke switch 114, first Cylinder 118 and the second cylinder 113 are connected with the third controller 112, and in the present embodiment, third controller 112 uses city The single-chip microcontroller that can be bought on field, single-chip microcontroller control travel switch and cylinder program be it is existing, program does not need to compile again Volume.
The working principle of spray equipment is as follows: material box being placed in placement plate 120, the first cylinder 118 and second is passed through Cylinder 113 realizes left and right and the back-and-forth motion of placement plate 120, drives third mounting plate 107 mobile by the second manipulator 106, Third mounting plate 107 drives second finger cylinder 108 mobile, and second finger cylinder 108 clamps the hub bearing in material box And be put on guide plate 111, hub bearing is transported in spraying box 92 by conveyer belt 91, water pump 102 will be in liquid reserve tank 101 Antirust agent be transported in perfusion tube 104, antirust agent is sprayed in spraying box 92 by fog-spray nozzle 105, control the 5th push rod The push rod of motor 99 drives sliding shoe 98 to move up and down, and sliding shoe 98 drives pod 93 to move up and down and is adjusted to suitably Position, asepwirator pump 96 sucks the air at pod 93 in recovery tube 95, under the guide functions of pod 93, fog-spray nozzle 105 sprinkling antirust agent can flow to downside on the upside of hub bearing faster, be sprayed onto antirust agent on entire hub bearing.
As shown in Figure 10, detection device includes fixed the 5th rack 121 on the table, is fixed in the 5th rack 121 There is placement rack 140, the placement through-hole 140a for placing hub bearing is offered on placement rack 140, is arranged in the 5th rack 121 There is the positioning mechanism that hub bearing can be located on placement rack 140, is additionally provided with press mechanism and jacking in the 5th rack 121 Mechanism, press mechanism include upper bracket 137, double-rod cylinder 130, the 4th mounting plate 138, the first crushing block 139 and fixed plate 134, upper bracket 137 is fixed on 121 upper surface of the 5th rack, and upper bracket 137 is fixed on the 5th machine by bolted connection 121 upper surface of frame;Double-rod cylinder 130 is fixed on upper bracket 137, the piston-rod lower end of double-rod cylinder 130 and the 4th mounting plate 138 are connected, and the 4th mounting plate 138 is connected with the first crushing block 139, and the first crushing block 139, which can be extend into, to be placed in through-hole 140a, The piston rod upper end of double-rod cylinder 130 is connected with fixed plate 134, and the first indicating mechanism, the first instruction are provided on upper bracket 137 Mechanism includes indicating arm 136 and pointer 135, and indicating arm 136 is fixed on vertically on upper bracket 137, has scale on indicating arm 136 Line, pointer 135 are fixed in fixed plate 134, and pointer 135 is towards the graduation mark of indicating arm 136.
As shown in Figure 10, lifting body includes lower bracket 123, jacking cylinder 124 and the second crushing block 125, lower bracket 123 It is fixed on 121 lower surface of the 5th rack, jacking cylinder 124 is fixed on lower bracket 123, and the piston rod of jacking cylinder 124 is vertical Upwards, the piston rod end of jacking cylinder 124 is connected with the second crushing block 125, and the second crushing block 125 can extend into placement through-hole In 140a.
As shown in Figure 10, positioning mechanism includes compact heap 128 and the second driving cylinder 127,128 one end of compact heap and the 5th Rack 121 is hinged, and 128 other end of compact heap is compressed part, and compressed part can lean with placement rack 140, the second driving cylinder 127 are hinged in the 5th rack 121, are hinged in the middle part of the piston rod and compact heap 128 of the second driving cylinder 127;Compact heap 128 On be fixed with non-slip mat 129.
As shown in Figure 10, the second indicating mechanism is additionally provided on upper bracket 137, the second indicating mechanism includes displacement sensor 131, detection block 133, the 4th controller 122 and display screen 126, detection block 133 are fixed in fixed plate 134, displacement sensor 131 are fixed on upper bracket 137 by connecting rod 132, and the test section of displacement sensor 131 is towards detection block 133, display screen 126 are fixed on upper bracket 137, and displacement sensor 131 and display screen 126 are connected with the 4th controller 122, in this implementation In example, the 4th controller 122 controls the journey of sensor and display screen 126 using the single-chip microcontroller that can be bought in the market, single-chip microcontroller Sequence be it is existing, program does not need to update.
The working principle of detection device is as follows: hub bearing being placed in the placement through-hole 140a of placement rack 140, control the The piston rod of two driving cylinders 127 drives compact heap 128 to swing back and forth, and is determined hub bearing by the compressed part of compact heap 128 Position is lived;The piston rod of control double-rod cylinder 130 drives the 4th mounting plate 138 to move down, and the 4th mounting plate 138 drives first to squeeze Briquetting 139 moves down, and the first crushing block 139 squeezes the inner ring on the upside of hub bearing;Control the work of jacking cylinder 124 Stopper rod drives the second crushing block 125 to move up, and the second crushing block 125 squeezes the inner ring on the downside of hub bearing;Pass through Fixed plate 134 drives detection block 133 to move up and down, and the signal that displacement sensor 131 will test passes to the 4th controller 122, the 4th controller 122 shows its data by display screen 126, and the clearance value of hub bearing can be obtained, and detection is quick.

Claims (5)

1. the cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing, the production system of hub bearing includes workbench, which is characterized in that The cleaning device includes fixed third rack on the table, is provided with cleaning case, cleaning case one in the third rack End has import, and the cleaning case other end has outlet, is provided with supersonic generator in cleaning case, is provided in third rack defeated Band is sent, conveyer belt both ends are pierced by inlet and outlet respectively, and 40 placing pieces are provided on conveyer belt, are passed through on placing piece removable Unloading structure setting has the locating rod held for locating wheel hub axle, and hub bearing can be carried out under blanking by being provided in third rack Expect structure, baiting structure includes mounting post, bracket, the 4th push-rod electric machine, third guide rail, third sliding block, rotary shaft and mounting disc, Mounting post is fixed in third rack, and mounting post, close to outlet, third guide rail is horizontally fixed in mounting post, and third sliding block is set It sets on third guide rail, the 4th push-rod electric machine is fixed on by bolted connection in mounting post, and the 4th push-rod electric machine pushes away Bar is horizontally disposed, and the push rod end of the 4th push-rod electric machine is connected with third sliding block by bolted connection, and bracket passes through spiral shell It tethers the mode connect to be fixed on third sliding block, rotation axis horizontal is arranged on bracket, and rotary shaft end and one can drive its turn Dynamic power mechanism is connected, and mounting disc is arranged in rotary shaft, is provided in mounting disc several for picking and placing taking for hub bearing Put structure;It is also set up in the cleaning case there are three cleaning brush, each cleaning brush can drive the lower lifting gone up and down thereon with one Cylinder is connected, and cleaning brush can be in contact with conveyer belt.
2. the cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the placing piece Including left placement piece and right placement piece, left placement piece is fixed on conveyer belt side, and right placement piece is fixed on the conveyer belt other side;Institute Stating detachable structure includes the right placing groove for being provided with the left left placing groove for placing on piece and being provided with right placement on piece, locating rod Both ends are respectively provided with left positioning region and right positioning region, and left positioning region can snap onto left placing groove, and right positioning region can snap onto the right side In placing groove.
3. the cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pick-and-place knot Structure includes mounting bar and electromagnet, and mounting bar is fixed in mounting disc, and electromagnet is fixed on mounting bar.
4. the cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the third machine The take linkage that locating rod can be removed is additionally provided on frame, take linkage is led including the first driving cylinder, the second guide rod, second Set and the first finger cylinder, the second guide rod is horizontally fixed in third rack, and the second guide rod is mutually perpendicular to third guide rail, the Two lead and are set on the second guide rod, and the first driving cylinder is fixed in third rack, the piston rod end of the first driving cylinder It is connected with the second guide sleeve, the first finger cylinder is fixed by the connecting rod on the second guide sleeve, a finger of the first finger cylinder It is connected with the first crawl block, another finger of the first finger cylinder and the second crawl block are connected.
5. the cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the engine Structure includes rotary electric machine, driving pulley, driven pulley and belt, and rotary electric machine is fixed on bracket, the output shaft of rotary electric machine Horizontally disposed, driving pulley is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine, and driven pulley is fixed on the rotary shaft, and belt is set in master Between movable belt pulley and driven pulley.
CN201810081542.4A 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 Cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing CN108317173B (en)

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CN201810081542.4A CN108317173B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 Cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing
CN201610398168.1A CN106050920B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 A kind of production system of hub bearing

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CN201610398168.1A CN106050920B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 A kind of production system of hub bearing
CN201810081561.7A CN108080201B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 Spray equipment in the production system of hub bearing
CN201810081567.4A CN108317174B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 The production system of modified form hub bearing
CN201810081542.4A CN108317173B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 Cleaning device in the production system of hub bearing

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CN201810081561.7A CN108080201B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 Spray equipment in the production system of hub bearing
CN201810081567.4A CN108317174B (en) 2016-06-07 2016-06-07 The production system of modified form hub bearing

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Publication number Publication date
CN108080201B (en) 2019-07-02
CN108317174B (en) 2019-06-14
CN106050920B (en) 2018-05-15
CN108080201A (en) 2018-05-29
CN108317174A (en) 2018-07-24
CN108317173A (en) 2018-07-24
CN106050920A (en) 2016-10-26

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