CN106041676B - A kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell - Google Patents

A kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106041676B
CN106041676B CN201610573196.2A CN201610573196A CN106041676B CN 106041676 B CN106041676 B CN 106041676B CN 201610573196 A CN201610573196 A CN 201610573196A CN 106041676 B CN106041676 B CN 106041676B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mobile phone
phone shell
automatic
sand paper
unloading
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610573196.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106041676A (en
Inventor
杨龙柱
Original Assignee
兴科电子科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610573196.2A priority Critical patent/CN106041676B/en
Publication of CN106041676A publication Critical patent/CN106041676A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106041676B publication Critical patent/CN106041676B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0023Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines with a plurality of working posts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/04Headstocks; Working-spindles; Features relating thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell, its mainly by transport mechanism, the automatic loading/unloading area set on the side of transport mechanism and automatically grinding district's groups at, automatic loading/unloading area is composed of automatic loading and unloading device and loading and unloading robot, realizes mobile phone shell accurately automatic loading/unloading;Automatically grinding area includes being spaced the more full-automatic grinding machines put in a row side by side, milling robot, polishing controller, mobile phone shell localization tool, automatic sand mechanism of paper are installed on full-automatic grinding machine and tear sand paper mechanism automatically, has been automatically performed the heavy sanding and polishing work such as previous manual polishing, replacement sand paper;Transmission blocking mechanism can accurately stop mobile phone shell, and stop position zero deflection is precisely taken convenient for milling robot, and not will produce the case where product squeezes.The present invention realizes full-automatic polishing mobile phone shell, saves a large amount of manpower and materials, production capacity is not influenced by worker's factor;Greatly increase production efficiency and production security.

Description

A kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell
Technical field
The present invention relates to automatic production lines, refer in particular to a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell.
Background technology
Under the premise of smart mobile phone industry development is rapid in recent years, robot automatically grinding has become industry competition must Indispensable factor, robot replaces manually will be as the trend developed later.But in the prior art there is a problem in that:
1, manual grinding or a people correspond to a robot automatic sander, and production capacity is substantially by flow of personnel It influences bigger, it is also necessary to often carry out staff training, waste the plenty of time.
2, manual grinding precision is not high and varies with each individual.
3, milling robot need to be also controlled by independent PLC controller to realize sand paper feeding, discharge function.
4, the case where will appear product superposition when assembly line operates or damaging product by pressure.
5, when operation of feeding and discharging, the efficiency and precision of artificial loading and unloading is not high.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell for problem of the prior art, automatic using robot Loading and unloading and polishing, the production efficiency height for process line of polishing, running are stablized, and production capacity is not influenced by worker's factor, polishing effect Fruit and precision are more increased.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell, including transport mechanism, the transport mechanism include upper layer conveyer belt and The direction of motion of lower layer's conveyer belt, the upper layer conveyer belt and lower layer's conveyer belt in the side of transport mechanism on the contrary, be provided with certainly Dynamic loading and unloading area and automatically grinding area;
The automatic loading/unloading area includes automatic loading and unloading device, to supply the mobile phone shell that do not polish and collect polishing Mobile phone shell afterwards;Loading and unloading robot rotates back and forth between transport mechanism and automatic loading and unloading device, for adsorbing crawl hand Casing;
The automatically grinding area includes being spaced the more full-automatic grinding machines put in a row side by side, and each is automatically beaten Milling robot, polishing controller, mobile phone shell localization tool and automatic sand mechanism of paper are mounted on grinding machine, in automatic sand A side of mechanism of paper be also equipped with it is automatic tear sand paper mechanism, the driving end of the milling robot be installed with can draw sand paper and The pneumatic grinding head of mobile phone shell;
The transport mechanism corresponds to and is installed with transmission blocking mechanism at each full-automatic grinding machine, is convenient for sander Device people precisely takes mobile phone shell.
Wherein, the automatic loading and unloading device includes apparatus for controlling of lifting and two vertically arranged screw lifts Structure, one of screw lift structure are used to rise the mobile phone shell that supply is not polished, another screw lift structure is for declining Collect the mobile phone shell after polishing.
Further, described two screw lift structures include Qian type fixed frame, servo motor, drive lead screw and The lead screw connector sleeve being fixedly installed on Qian type fixed frame, the servo motor swing to the centre for being set to Qian type fixed frame, and Servo motor is electrically connected with apparatus for controlling of lifting;Shaft coupling is connected in the shaft of the servo motor, servo motor passes through connection Axis device is fixedly connected with the upper end of drive lead screw;The lower end of the servo motor is fixedly installed Qian type supporting rack, in Qian The support plate for the plastic sucking disc for being used to support carrying mobile phone shell is fixedly installed at the top of type supporting rack.
Wherein, the driving end of the loading and unloading robot is equipped with multistation suction disc equipment, and the multistation suction disc equipment includes Sucker mounting bracket and multiple for adsorbing the adsorbing mechanism of mobile phone shell, the sucker mounting bracket annular spread that extends outwardly are provided with Five fixed connection ends, the adsorbing mechanism include that there are five identical first absorbent modules of structure, and are installed set on sucker The lower section of frame second absorbent module larger for adsorption area, each fixed connection end install first described in one respectively Absorbent module.
Further, first absorbent module is identical with the construction of the second absorbent module comprising fixed plate and 4 are true Suction mouth is equipped with the suction nozzle link block of adjustable angle, one end of the suction nozzle link block between each vacuum slot and fixed plate It is hinged with fixed plate, offer adjusting through-hole in the centre of suction nozzle link block, the vacuum slot runs through and adjustable is installed on tune It saves in through-hole.
Wherein, the automatic sand mechanism of paper includes support baseboard, the upper frame plate above support baseboard, and Several railings being connected between support baseboard and upper frame plate, the support baseboard, upper frame plate and several railings are together Two sand paper storehouses are constituted, the surrounding in each sand paper storehouse is both provided with more gag lever posts, sand paper support is internally provided in sand paper storehouse Plate, electric pushrod is provided with below the support baseboard, and the push rod of the electric pushrod passes through support baseboard and sand paper supporting plate Connection.
Wherein, the automatic sand paper mechanism of tearing includes paper-tear picture fixed plate, clamping cylinder and gripper jaw, and the clamping cylinder is horizontal To mounted on the upper surface of paper-tear picture fixed plate, the gripper jaw is made of left grip block and right grip block, and the left grip block is set It is connected in the side of clamping cylinder and with clamping cylinder, the right grip block, which is oppositely arranged and is fixed on left grip block, to be torn The upper surface of paper fixed plate.
Wherein, the pneumatic grinding head includes Pneumatic grinding machine structure and the suction disc equipment for adsorbing mobile phone shell, the gas Dynamic workpiece polishing mechanism includes Sponge sand paper, pneumatic vibrator unit, fixing bracket and connection-peg, and the pneumatic vibrator unit fixes peace Loaded on fixing bracket, Sponge sand paper is adhered to the upper surface of pneumatic vibrator unit, and connection-peg is screwed onto on pneumatic vibrator unit; The suction disc equipment includes suction cup carrier, gas separating seat and the sucker mouth being connected to gas separating seat, be square out in suction cup carrier there are four Elongated hole, each elongated hole is interior to be fixedly mounted a sucker mouth.
Further, there are two mobile phone shell is pressed on mobile phone shell to determine for fixed setting on the side of the Pneumatic grinding machine structure Hold-down column on the jig of position, is additionally provided with the sparge pipe of alignment Sponge sand paper at the top of Pneumatic grinding machine structure.
Wherein, the transmission blocking mechanism include can across the first crossbeam holder and second cross beam holder of conveyer belt, The first crossbeam holder is located at the front of second cross beam holder, and is equipped with and can stretch up and down in the middle part of first crossbeam holder Vertical stopper;Be provided at left and right sides of the vertical stopper can slidable adjustment to the left and right left limit item and right limit Item, in the adjustable transfer passage of the intermediate formation width of left limit item and right limit item, and left limit item and right limit item by One end of nearly second cross beam holder has been respectively articulated with a gib block, and the left limit item is being installed at second cross beam holder There is side stopper.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
A kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell provided by the invention by transport mechanism, set on the side of transport mechanism Automatic loading/unloading area and automatically grinding district's groups are at the automatic loading/unloading area is by automatic loading and unloading device and loading and unloading robot group It closes, realizes mobile phone shell accurately automatic loading/unloading;The automatically grinding area includes that interval is put in a row side by side More full-automatic grinding machines, be equipped on full-automatic grinding machine milling robot, polishing controller, mobile phone shell localization tool, from Dong Shang sand paper mechanism and sand paper mechanism is torn automatically, has been automatically performed previous manual polishing, has replaced the heavy polishings such as sand paper Polishing, the transmission blocking mechanism can accurately stop mobile phone shell, and stop position zero deflection is convenient for milling robot It precisely takes, and not will produce the case where product squeezes.The present invention realizes full-automatic polishing mobile phone shell, saves a large amount of people Power material resources, production capacity are not influenced by worker's factor;Greatly increase production efficiency and production security.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram of the automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of overall structure diagram of the automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell of the present invention at another visual angle.
Fig. 3 is a kind of vertical view of the automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of automatic loading and unloading device in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of screw lift structure in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of multistation suction disc equipment in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of full-automatic grinding machine in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of pneumatic grinding head in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of automatic sand mechanism of paper in the present invention.
Figure 10 is the three-dimensional structure diagram for tearing sand paper mechanism in the present invention automatically.
Figure 11 is the three-dimensional structure diagram that blocking mechanism is transmitted in the present invention.
Reference numeral in Fig. 1 to Figure 11 includes:
1-11-upper layer of transport mechanism, 12-lower layer of conveyer belt conveyer belt;
2-automatic loading and unloading device 21-apparatus for controlling of lifting, 22-screw lift structures;
24-servo motor 25-drive lead screw, 26-lead screw connector sleeves;
27-shaft coupling 28-Qian type 29-support plates of supporting rack;
3-loading and unloading robot 31-multistation suction disc equipment 32-sucker mounting brackets;
33-fixed connection end the 35-the second absorbent modules of the 34-the first absorbent module;
36-fixed plate 37-vacuum slot, 38-suction nozzle link blocks;
39-adjust through-hole;
4-milling robot 5-polishing controller 6-mobile phone shell localization tools;
7-automatic sand mechanism of paper 71-support baseboard, 72-upper frame plates;
73-railing 74-gag lever post, 75-sand paper supporting plates;
76-electric pushrods;
8-tear sand paper mechanism 81-paper-tear picture, 82-clamping cylinder of fixed plate automatically;
83-left grip blocks 84-right grip block;
9-pneumatic grinding head 91-Sponge sand paper, 92-pneumatic vibrator units;
93-fixing bracket 94-suction cup carrier, 95-sucker mouths;
96-97-sparge pipes of hold-down column;
10-transmission blocking mechanism 101-first crossbeam holder 102-second cross beam holders;
103-vertical 104-left limit of stopper item, 105-right limit items;
106-107-side of gib block stoppers.
Specific implementation mode
For the ease of the understanding of those skilled in the art, the present invention is made further with reference to embodiment and attached drawing Bright, the content that embodiment refers to not is limitation of the invention.The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the present invention provides a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell comprising has transport mechanism 1, the transport mechanism 1 includes upper layer conveyer belt 11 and lower layer's conveyer belt 12, the upper layer conveyer belt 11 and lower layer's conveyer belt 12 The direction of motion on the contrary, in the present embodiment, the mobile phone shell that do not polish is put on lower layer's conveyer belt 12, then is sent to and automatically beaten Grinding machine, the mobile phone shell after full-automatic grinding machine is polished are put back into upper layer conveyer belt 11.Transport mechanism 1 in the present invention is same Side is provided with automatic loading/unloading area and automatically grinding area;
The automatic loading/unloading area includes automatic loading and unloading device 2, is beaten to supply the mobile phone shell that do not polish and collect Mobile phone shell after mill;Loading and unloading robot 3 rotates back and forth between transport mechanism 1 and automatic loading and unloading device 2, for adsorbing Capture mobile phone shell;The automatic loading/unloading area is composed of automatic loading and unloading device 2 and loading and unloading robot 3, realizes mobile phone Shell accurately automatic loading/unloading.
The automatically grinding area includes being spaced the more full-automatic grinding machines put in a row side by side, and each is automatically beaten Milling robot 4, polishing controller 5, mobile phone shell localization tool 6 and automatic sand mechanism of paper 7 are mounted on grinding machine, automatic A side of upper sand paper mechanism 7 is also equipped with tears sand paper mechanism 8 automatically, and the driving end of the milling robot 4 is installed with and can inhale Take sand paper and the pneumatic grinding head 9 of mobile phone shell.The full-automatic grinding machine has been automatically performed previous manual polishing, replacement sand paper etc. Heavy sanding and polishing work realizes full-automatic polishing mobile phone shell, the input mobile phone of automatically grinding assembly line of the invention In shell production, an assembly line only needs a people to guard, and saves a large amount of manpower and materials, production capacity is not influenced by worker's factor;Greatly The earth improves production efficiency and production security.
The transport mechanism 1, which corresponds to, is installed with transmission blocking mechanism 10 at each full-automatic grinding machine, convenient for beating Mill robot 4 precisely takes mobile phone shell.The transmission blocking mechanism 10 can accurately stop mobile phone shell, stop position unbiased Difference is precisely taken convenient for milling robot, and not will produce the case where product squeezes.
In the present invention, the automatic loading and unloading device 2 includes apparatus for controlling of lifting 21 and two vertically arranged silks Bar elevating mechanism 22, one of screw lift structure 22 are used to rise the mobile phone shell that supply is not polished, the lifting of another lead screw Mechanism 22 is used to decline the mobile phone shell after collecting polishing.The apparatus for controlling of lifting 21 and screw lift structure 22 are assembled in together On loading and unloading board, wherein apparatus for controlling of lifting 21 is installed on by a connecting rod above a corner of table of loading and unloading board, this Sample is convenient for the operation of staff and input control instruction.
Further, described two screw lift structures 22 include Qian type fixed frame, servo motor 24, drive lead screw 25 and the lead screw connector sleeve 26 that is fixedly installed on Qian type fixed frame, the servo motor 24, which is swung to, is set to Qian type fixed frame Centre, and servo motor 24 is electrically connected with apparatus for controlling of lifting 21;It is connected with shaft coupling in the shaft of the servo motor 24 27, servo motor 24 is fixedly connected by shaft coupling 27 with the upper end of drive lead screw 25;The lower end of the servo motor 24 It is fixedly installed Qian type supporting rack 28, the plastic uptake for being used to support carrying mobile phone shell is fixedly installed at the top of Qian type supporting rack 28 The support plate 29 of disk.
The present invention realizes the lifting of support plate 29 by screw lift structure 22, before work, by manually wherein A large amount of mobile phone shells to be polished are placed in plastic sucking disc in one piece of support plate 29, and loading and unloading robot 3 is waited for grab lower layer's biography It send on band 12, as soon as often having captured the mobile phone shell to be polished in a plastic sucking disc, servo motor 24 drives in corresponding support plate 29 Rise the thickness distance of a plastic sucking disc.The present invention realizes automatic charging and blanking, whole process by screw lift structure 22 Time saving and energy saving, work efficiency is high, and labor intensity is small.
Preferably, the support plate 29 is rectangular supporting board, four angles of the rectangular supporting board, which are respectively perpendicular, to be set It is equipped with a guide post, the guide post is corresponded on loading and unloading board and is provided with guide sleeve, the guide post is from guide sleeve Between pass through, and the lower end of guide post is provided with position-arresting ring.The guide post is worked in coordination with guide sleeve ensures screw lift structure The motion stability of 22 lifting process, position-arresting ring only can stop servo motor 24 in time, play the role of the protection of stroke upper limit.
In the present invention, the driving end of the loading and unloading robot 3 is equipped with multistation suction disc equipment 31, and the multistation is inhaled Disk device 31 includes sucker mounting bracket 32 and multiple adsorbing mechanisms for adsorbing mobile phone shell, and the sucker mounting bracket 32 extends outwardly There are five fixed connection end 33, the adsorbing mechanism includes that there are five identical first absorbent modules of structure for annular spread setting 34, and set on the lower section of sucker mounting bracket 32 second absorbent module 35 larger for adsorption area, each is fixedly connected End 33 is installed by the first absorbent module 34 described in one respectively.
As shown in fig. 6,5 the first absorbent modules 34, when in use, this multistation are installed on this sucker mounting bracket 32 simultaneously Suction disc equipment 31 is bi-directionally connected the driving end that bar is fixed on loading and unloading robot 3 by one, when loading and unloading robot 3 carries out operation When, 5 mobile phone shells can be disposably drawn, compared with the prior art, the present invention can not only greatly reduce the work of worker Make intensity, and due to can disposably draw multiple workpiece, reduces the number that loading and unloading robot 3 is drawn back and forth, and then number Working efficiency is improved again, reduces the production cost of enterprise, is conducive to the field management of enterprise.
Further, first absorbent module 34 is identical with the construction of the second absorbent module 35 comprising fixed plate 36 With 4 vacuum slots 37, the suction nozzle link block 38 of adjustable angle, the suction are equipped between each vacuum slot 37 and fixed plate 36 One end of mouth link block 38 is hinged with fixed plate 36, is offered in the centre of suction nozzle link block 38 and adjusts through-hole 39, the vacuum Suction nozzle 37 runs through and adjustable be installed on is adjusted in through-hole 39.Described 5 the first absorbent modules 34 are fixedly mounted by fixed plate 36 It is arranged on sucker mounting bracket 32, sucker mounting bracket 32 overturns 72 ° and can be used for drawing mobile phone there are one the first absorbent module 34 Shell.4 vacuum slots 37 are square arrangement, and there are the mobile phone shell adsorbed 4 adsorption capacities, suction process to stablize, no It easily loosens and falls down.In addition, vacuum slot 37 can adjust its angle opened by suction nozzle link block 38, vacuum slot 37 is being adjusted It is moved in through-hole 39, can increase or reduce its adsorption range;So as to the mobile phone shell suitable for adsorbing different area. Second absorbent module 35 is identical as the structure of the first absorbent module 34,37 size of vacuum slot of the second absorbent module 34 Larger, adsorption range is larger, is suitable for adsorbing larger object, such as adsorbing the plastic sucking disc for placing mobile phone shell.
In the present invention, the automatic sand mechanism of paper 7 include support baseboard 71, it is upper above support baseboard 71 Frame plate 72 and several railings 73 being connected between support baseboard 71 and upper frame plate 72, the support baseboard 71, upper ledge Frame plate 72 and several railings 73 constitute two sand paper storehouses together, and the surrounding in each sand paper storehouse is both provided with more gag lever posts 74, What gag lever post 74 can reduce sand paper storehouse manufactures difficulty, in the guiding that sand loading paper and while going out sand paper can be moved, and fills Sand paper can be made to keep good in sand paper storehouse after sand paper and stack sequence.It is internally provided with sand paper supporting plate 75, institute in sand paper storehouse The lower section for stating support baseboard 71 is provided with electric pushrod 76, and the push rod of the electric pushrod 76 passes through support baseboard 71 and sand paper support Plate 75 connects.Hundreds of sand paper can have neatly been stored in two sand paper storehouses, are realized by electric pushrod 76 and are sent sand paper automatically upwards, The structure of electric pushrod 76 is simple, is easily installed use, effectively improves production efficiency, it is possible to reduce manpower intervention saves people Power cost reduces production safety hidden danger.
In the present invention, the automatic sand paper mechanism 8 of tearing includes paper-tear picture fixed plate 81, clamping cylinder 82 and gripper jaw, institute The upper surface that clamping cylinder 82 is transversely mounted on paper-tear picture fixed plate 81 is stated, the gripper jaw is by left grip block 83 and right grip block 84 Composition, the left grip block 83 be set to clamping cylinder 82 side and be connected with clamping cylinder 82, the right grip block 84 with Left grip block 83 is oppositely arranged and is fixed on the upper surface of paper-tear picture fixed plate 81.
When milling robot 4 moves to the top of paper-tear picture fixed plate 81, it is automatic tear the upper surface of sand paper mechanism 8 and be equipped with induction open It closes, arrives at signal when inductive switch obtains milling robot 4, i.e. sending signal makes left grip block 83 turn right to clamping cylinder 82 84 direction of grip block moves, and Sponge sand paper 91 is clamped.After milling robot 4, which receives clamping signal, to be waited for 0.3 second, Milling robot 4 up moves, and Sponge sand paper 91 is made to be detached from pneumatic grinding head 9, after milling robot 4 leaves, clamping cylinder 82 retreat, and gripper jaw unclamps Sponge sand paper 91, complete the action for tearing sand paper automatically.
In the present invention, the pneumatic grinding head 9 includes Pneumatic grinding machine structure and the suction disc equipment for adsorbing mobile phone shell, Pneumatic grinding head 9 has gathered polishing grinding and has adsorbed the function of mobile phone shell, when completing mobile phone shell on same milling robot 4 Location and installation after, polishing work can be polished at once, effectively improve the working efficiency of single machine polishing grinding.It is described pneumatically to beat Grinding machine structure includes Sponge sand paper 91, pneumatic vibrator unit 92, fixing bracket 93 and connection-peg(It is not marked in figure), the gas Dynamic vibrating device 92 is fixedly installed on fixing bracket 93, and Sponge sand paper 91 is adhered to the upper surface of pneumatic vibrator unit 92, is inserted Connector is screwed onto on pneumatic vibrator unit 92;The Pneumatic grinding machine structure can generate around, upper and lower vibration, pass through gas The vibration of dynamic vibrating device 92, Sponge sand paper 91 and the mobile phone shell touched generate relative motion and generate Friction Sanding, effectively Polishing labor intensity is reduced, working time is saved, improves yields.The suction disc equipment includes suction cup carrier 94, gas separating seat(In figure It does not mark)And the sucker mouth 95 being connected to gas separating seat, being square out in suction cup carrier 94, there are four elongated hole, each elongated holes One sucker mouth 95 of interior fixed installation.Sucker mouth 95, which is mounted in elongated hole, can adjust adsorption area, so as to adsorb not It is simple in structure, performance is stable, is easy to maintain with the mobile phone shell of area.
Further, there are two mobile phone shell is pressed on mobile phone shell to determine for fixed setting on the side of the Pneumatic grinding machine structure Hold-down column 96 on the jig 6 of position passes through milling robot 4 when mobile phone shell is accurately put on mobile phone shell localization tool 6 by suction disc equipment Entirely 90 ° will be overturn by pneumatic grinding head 9 so that hold-down column 96 faces mobile phone shell, then moves down hold-down column 96 and contacts mobile phone shell, So that mobile phone shell is accurately positioned and be stable on mobile phone shell localization tool 6, can prevent mobile phone shell from being loosened in bruting process.Pneumatically beating The sparge pipe 97 of alignment Sponge sand paper 91 is additionally provided at the top of grinding machine structure.The sparge pipe 97 is sprayed to Sponge sand paper 91 when polishing Water, makes the dust generated when polishing directly be readily wetted by water and take away, and dust is eliminated in the environmental pollution for effectively avoiding dust from generating The danger of explosion avoids the health of damage employee.
In the present invention, the transmission blocking mechanism include can be across the first crossbeam holder 101 and second of conveyer belt Overarm brace 102, the first crossbeam holder 101 are located at the front of second cross beam holder 102, and first crossbeam holder 101 Middle part is equipped with the vertical stopper 103 that can be stretched up and down;The left and right sides of the vertical stopper 103 is provided with can be to the left and right The left limit item 104 and right limit item 105 of slidable adjustment, the intermediate formation width of left limit item 104 and right limit item 105 can The transfer passage of tune, since first crossbeam holder 101, second cross beam holder 102 move left and right and then adjust the width of transfer passage Size is spent, to be adapted to limit the mobile phone shell of different in width.And left limit item 104 and right limit item 105 are close to second cross beam One end of holder 102 has been respectively articulated with a gib block 106, and the left limit item 104 is being pacified at second cross beam holder 102 Equipped with side stopper 107.
The first crossbeam holder 101 and second cross beam holder 102 in front and back arrangement and are fixed on upper layer by connecting pin The top of conveyer belt 11 or lower layer's conveyer belt 12.It, can only when mobile phone shell is placed on upper layer conveyer belt 11 or lower layer's conveyer belt 12 Pass through from the centre of transfer passage, vertical stopper 103 is located at the centre position of transfer passage, therefore vertical stopper just 103 can extend downwardly and accurately stop mobile phone shell in front, and stop position zero deflection is precisely taken convenient for loading and unloading robot 3 It takes.Multigroup induction optical fiber is provided on this transmission blocking mechanism, when the front of vertical stopper 103 has had product to be blocked Milling robot 4 is waited for take away, if at this point, continuing have mobile phone shell to be transmitted below, supplied materials induction optical fiber senses production After product, control side stopper 107 is stretched out into countercheck rod, product is prevented to keep moving forward, until the mobile phone shell in front is polished Robot 4, which takes away, just to let pass, and effectively prevent having product to squeeze interference in transfer passage in this way.Since the width of conveyer belt is more than The width of transfer passage, the rotation of two gib blocks 106, which is opened, forms a trumpet type entrances so that mobile phone shell can accurately sequentially one The arrangement of a ground enters in transfer passage, not will produce the case where product squeezes.
The above is only present pre-ferred embodiments, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form, although The present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, and however, it is not intended to limit the invention, any person skilled in the art, It does not depart within the scope of technical solution of the present invention, when the technology contents using the disclosure above make a little change or are modified to equivalent change The equivalent embodiment of change, as long as being without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, technology refers to above example according to the present invention Made by any simple modification, equivalent change and modification, belong in the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell, it is characterised in that:Including transport mechanism, the transport mechanism includes upper layer The direction of motion of conveyer belt and lower layer's conveyer belt, the upper layer conveyer belt and lower layer's conveyer belt is on the contrary, in the side of transport mechanism It is provided with automatic loading/unloading area and automatically grinding area;
The automatic loading/unloading area includes automatic loading and unloading device, after supplying the mobile phone shell that do not polish and collect polishing Mobile phone shell;Loading and unloading robot rotates back and forth between transport mechanism and automatic loading and unloading device, for adsorbing crawl mobile phone Shell;
The automatically grinding area includes being spaced the more full-automatic grinding machines put in a row side by side, each full-automatic grinding machine On be mounted on milling robot, polishing controller, mobile phone shell localization tool and automatic sand mechanism of paper, in automatic sand paper machine A side of structure is also equipped with tears sand paper mechanism automatically, and the driving end of the milling robot, which is installed with, can draw sand paper and mobile phone The pneumatic grinding head of shell;
The transport mechanism corresponds to and is installed with transmission blocking mechanism at each full-automatic grinding machine, is convenient for milling robot Accurate mobile phone shell of taking;
The automatic loading and unloading device includes apparatus for controlling of lifting and two vertically arranged screw lift structures, one of them Screw lift structure is used to rise the mobile phone shell that supply is not polished, after another screw lift structure is for declining collection polishing Mobile phone shell;Described two screw lift structures include Qian type fixed frame, servo motor, drive lead screw and are fixedly installed on Lead screw connector sleeve on Qian type fixed frame, the servo motor swing to the centre for being set to Qian type fixed frame, and servo motor with Apparatus for controlling of lifting is electrically connected;Shaft coupling is connected in the shaft of the servo motor, servo motor passes through shaft coupling and transmission The upper end of lead screw is fixedly connected;The lower end of the servo motor is fixedly installed Qian type supporting rack, in Qian type supporting rack Top is fixedly installed the support plate for the plastic sucking disc for being used to support carrying mobile phone shell.
2. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The loading and unloading machine The driving end of people is equipped with multistation suction disc equipment, and the multistation suction disc equipment includes sucker mounting bracket and multiple for adsorbing mobile phone The adsorbing mechanism of shell, the sucker mounting bracket extends outwardly, and there are five fixed connection end, the adsorbing mechanisms for annular spread setting Including there are five identical first absorbent modules of structure, and set on the lower section of sucker mounting bracket it is larger for adsorption area the Two absorbent modules, each fixed connection end install the first absorbent module described in one respectively.
3. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The first absorption group Part and the construction of the second absorbent module are identical comprising fixed plate and 4 vacuum slots, between each vacuum slot and fixed plate Suction nozzle link block equipped with adjustable angle, one end of the suction nozzle link block and fixed plate are hinged, in the centre of suction nozzle link block Adjusting through-hole is offered, the vacuum slot runs through and adjustable be installed on is adjusted in through-hole.
4. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The automatic sand paper Mechanism includes support baseboard, the upper frame plate above support baseboard and several is connected to support baseboard and upper frame Railing between plate, the support baseboard, upper frame plate and several railings constitute two sand paper storehouses together, each sand paper storehouse Surrounding is both provided with more gag lever posts, is internally provided with sand paper supporting plate in sand paper storehouse, is provided with below the support baseboard The push rod of electric pushrod, the electric pushrod is connect across support baseboard with sand paper supporting plate.
5. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to tear sand paper automatically Mechanism includes paper-tear picture fixed plate, clamping cylinder and gripper jaw, and the clamping cylinder is transversely mounted on the upper surface of paper-tear picture fixed plate, The gripper jaw is made of left grip block and right grip block, and the left grip block is set to the side of clamping cylinder and and clamping cylinder It is connected, the right grip block is oppositely arranged with left grip block and is fixed on the upper surface of paper-tear picture fixed plate.
6. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pneumatic grinding head Include Pneumatic grinding machine structure and the suction disc equipment for adsorbing mobile phone shell, the Pneumatic grinding machine structure includes Sponge sand paper, gas Dynamic vibrating device, fixing bracket and connection-peg, the pneumatic vibrator unit are fixedly installed on fixing bracket, Sponge sand paper adherency In the upper surface of pneumatic vibrator unit, connection-peg is screwed onto on pneumatic vibrator unit;The suction disc equipment includes suction cup carrier, gas separating seat And the sucker mouth being connected to gas separating seat, it is square out in suction cup carrier there are four elongated hole, each elongated hole is interior to be fixedly mounted One sucker mouth.
7. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The Pneumatic grinding machine Fixed setting by mobile phone shell there are two the hold-down column on mobile phone shell localization tool is pressed on the side of structure, in Pneumatic grinding machine structure Top be additionally provided with alignment Sponge sand paper sparge pipe.
8. a kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transmission blocking machine Structure includes that can be located at second cross beam across the first crossbeam holder and second cross beam holder of conveyer belt, the first crossbeam holder The front of holder, and the vertical stopper that can be stretched up and down is installed in the middle part of first crossbeam holder;The vertical stopper The left and right sides be provided with can slidable adjustment to the left and right left limit item and right limit item, in the centre of left limit item and right limit item The adjustable transfer passage of formation width, and left limit item and right limit item have been respectively articulated with close to one end of second cross beam holder A piece gib block, the left limit item are being equipped with side stopper at second cross beam holder.
CN201610573196.2A 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 A kind of automatically grinding assembly line of mobile phone shell CN106041676B (en)

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CN106737054B (en) * 2016-11-30 2019-05-28 浙江赫克力能源有限公司 A kind of battery automatic polishing machine
CN106695520A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-24 苏州诚镓精密制造有限公司 Aluminum alloy mirror polishing equipment and polishing method
CN107498431B (en) * 2017-07-17 2020-03-10 苏州诚镓精密制造有限公司 Automatic polishing equipment and using method thereof
CN107717703A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-02-23 浦江精创科技有限公司 A kind of continuous-flow type bend glass polishing production line
CN109415175A (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-03-01 深圳配天智能技术研究院有限公司 A kind of intelligence loading and unloading system and its working method
CN109015035A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-18 东明兴业科技股份有限公司 Mobile phone shell sound outlet hole high-speed processing method
CN110961920A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-07 张正远 Intelligent manufacturing equipment for metal mobile phone shell

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CN101670540A (en) * 2009-09-25 2010-03-17 东莞市康捷塑胶模具有限公司 Automatic grinder
CN205033057U (en) * 2015-09-10 2016-02-17 叶永珍 New -type full -automatic polisher
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