CN107623151A - A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique - Google Patents

A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107623151A
CN107623151A CN201710774361.5A CN201710774361A CN107623151A CN 107623151 A CN107623151 A CN 107623151A CN 201710774361 A CN201710774361 A CN 201710774361A CN 107623151 A CN107623151 A CN 107623151A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lead
acid accumulator
grid
plaster
sent
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710774361.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈利华
施欢欢
陈炳敏
李国强
袁晓琦
费跃波
陈坚强
Original Assignee
浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 filed Critical 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司
Priority to CN201710774361.5A priority Critical patent/CN107623151A/en
Publication of CN107623151A publication Critical patent/CN107623151A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique, comprise the following steps:A) feed, b) primary fragmentation, c) second-time breakage, d) sorting lead plaster, e) the thin lead grid of sorting, f) sorting lead bullion grid, g) separating plastic and plastic sheeting.The present invention can resolve into lead-acid accumulator lead plaster, thin lead grid, lead bullion grid, plastics, plastic sheeting, and each all can be reclaimed so that the recycling of non-lead-acid accumulator becomes thorough, can effectively improve organic efficiency and effect.

Description

A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to the technical field of lead-acid accumulator recovery, particularly lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique Technical field.
【Background technology】
Lead-acid accumulator is a kind of conventional battery, and usage amount is huge.If it arbitrarily abandons after scrapping and easily caused Serious environmental pollution, while its internal lead can also be wasted, and cause the substantial amounts of wasting of resources.Existing useless lead acid storage battery Pond reclaiming technique is not ideal enough, it is impossible to distinguishes various waste materials reclaim well.
【The content of the invention】
The purpose of the present invention is exactly to solve the problems of the prior art, proposes a kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming work Skill, the various waste materials in lead-acid accumulator can be made to obtain difference recovery.
To achieve the above object, the present invention proposes a kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique, comprises the following steps:
A) it is fed:The one-level that is sent to of the lead-acid accumulator being packed together one by one is hammered into shape by some conveyers In formula disintegrating machine;
B) primary fragmentation:Lead-acid accumulator is carried out by primary fragmentation by one-level hammer mill so that scrap lead acid stores Battery becomes one-level broken material;
C) second-time breakage:Will be secondary by being carried out in one-level broken material feeding two level hammer mill caused by primary fragmentation It is broken, obtain two-stage crushing material;
D) lead plaster is sorted:Two-stage crushing material is sent in lead plaster separating sieve and screened, lead plaster is filtered out;
E) thin lead grid is sorted:The two-stage crushing material for filtering out lead plaster is sent into thin lead grid separating sieve and screened, will be thin Lead grid filters out;
F) lead bullion grid are sorted:The two-stage crushing material for filtering out thin lead grid is sent in waste tank, the thick of bottom will be sunk to Lead grid is sent out;
G) separating plastic and plastic sheeting:The liquid material on waste tank upper strata is sent in hydrodynamic force sorting sieve and sorted, Sub-elect plastics and plastic sheeting.
Preferably, carrying out feeding in the step a) feeds with uniform feeding speed, wherein feeding speed is with feeding Quality is weighed.
Preferably, in step d) the sortings lead plaster, lead plaster separating sieve adds appropriate water when carrying out screening operation.
Preferably, in step d) the sortings lead plaster, the lead plaster sub-elected passes through after lead plaster separating sieve bottom dropped out Boat form scrapper conveyor is sent in lead plaster tank.
Preferably, in step f) the sortings lead bullion grid, lead bullion grid are by worm-screw conveyors directly from waste tank bottom Extract out in portion.
Preferably, in the step g) separating plastics and plastic sheeting, plastics and plastic sheeting drop to different connect Expect in device.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention can resolve into lead-acid accumulator lead plaster, thin lead grid, lead bullion grid, modeling Material, plastic sheeting, and each can all be reclaimed so that the recycling of non-lead-acid accumulator becomes thorough, can be effective Raising organic efficiency and effect.
The feature and advantage of the present invention will be described in detail by embodiment.
【Embodiment】
A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A) it is fed:The one-level that is sent to of the lead-acid accumulator being packed together one by one is hammered into shape by some conveyers In formula disintegrating machine;
B) primary fragmentation:Lead-acid accumulator is carried out by primary fragmentation by one-level hammer mill so that scrap lead acid stores Battery becomes one-level broken material;
C) second-time breakage:Will be secondary by being carried out in one-level broken material feeding two level hammer mill caused by primary fragmentation It is broken, obtain two-stage crushing material;
D) lead plaster is sorted:Two-stage crushing material is sent in lead plaster separating sieve and screened, lead plaster is filtered out;
E) thin lead grid is sorted:The two-stage crushing material for filtering out lead plaster is sent into thin lead grid separating sieve and screened, will be thin Lead grid filters out;
F) lead bullion grid are sorted:The two-stage crushing material for filtering out thin lead grid is sent in waste tank, the thick of bottom will be sunk to Lead grid is sent out;
G) separating plastic and plastic sheeting:The liquid material on waste tank upper strata is sent in hydrodynamic force sorting sieve and sorted, Sub-elect plastics and plastic sheeting.
In the step a) feed feeding is carried out with uniform feeding speed, wherein feeding speed is carried out with feeding quality Weigh, in step d) the sortings lead plaster, lead plaster separating sieve adds appropriate water when carrying out screening operation, and the step d) divides Select in lead plaster, the lead plaster sub-elected is sent in lead plaster tank after lead plaster separating sieve bottom dropped out by boat form scrapper conveyor, the step Rapid f) to sort in lead bullion grid, lead bullion grid are directly extracted out by worm-screw conveyors from waste tank bottom, step g) the sortings modeling In material and plastic sheeting, plastics and plastic sheeting are dropped in different material-receiving devices.
The course of work of the present invention:
A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique of the present invention in the course of the work, can decompose lead-acid accumulator Into lead plaster, thin lead grid, lead bullion grid, plastics, plastic sheeting, and each can all be reclaimed so that non-lead-acid accumulator Recycling becomes thorough, can effectively improve organic efficiency and effect.
Above-described embodiment is the description of the invention, is not limitation of the invention, it is any to simple transformation of the present invention after Scheme belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
    A) it is fed:The one-level hammer that is sent to of the lead-acid accumulator being packed together one by one is broken by some conveyers In broken machine;
    B) primary fragmentation:Lead-acid accumulator is carried out by primary fragmentation by one-level hammer mill so that lead-acid accumulator Become one-level broken material;
    C) second-time breakage:It will pass through in one-level broken material feeding two level hammer mill caused by primary fragmentation and carry out secondary break It is broken, obtain two-stage crushing material;
    D) lead plaster is sorted:Two-stage crushing material is sent in lead plaster separating sieve and screened, lead plaster is filtered out;
    E) thin lead grid is sorted:The two-stage crushing material for filtering out lead plaster is sent into thin lead grid separating sieve and screened, by thin lead grid Filter out;
    F) lead bullion grid are sorted:The two-stage crushing material for filtering out thin lead grid is sent in waste tank, the lead bullion grid of bottom will be sunk to Send out;
    G) separating plastic and plastic sheeting:The liquid material on waste tank upper strata is sent in hydrodynamic force sorting sieve and sorted, is sorted Go out plastics and plastic sheeting.
  2. A kind of 2. lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step a) the feeds In feeding carried out with uniform feeding speed, wherein feeding speed is weighed with feeding quality.
  3. A kind of 3. lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step d) the sortings In lead plaster, lead plaster separating sieve adds appropriate water when carrying out screening operation.
  4. A kind of 4. lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step d) the sortings In lead plaster, the lead plaster sub-elected is sent in lead plaster tank after lead plaster separating sieve bottom dropped out by boat form scrapper conveyor.
  5. A kind of 5. lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step f) the sortings In lead bullion grid, lead bullion grid are directly extracted out by worm-screw conveyors from waste tank bottom.
  6. A kind of 6. lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step g) the sortings In plastics and plastic sheeting, plastics and plastic sheeting are dropped in different material-receiving devices.
CN201710774361.5A 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique CN107623151A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710774361.5A CN107623151A (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710774361.5A CN107623151A (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of lead-acid accumulator reclaiming technique

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110665619A (en) * 2019-08-29 2020-01-10 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 Waste lead-acid storage battery superposition type two-stage crushing and sorting method
CN110813520A (en) * 2019-08-29 2020-02-21 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 Multistage independent water circulation flotation method for waste lead-acid storage batteries
CN111346713A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-30 江苏鼎健环保科技有限公司 Novel waste lead-acid battery resource regeneration and recovery process
WO2021036918A1 (en) * 2019-08-29 2021-03-04 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 Waste battery crushing and sorting method for direct recycling of waste electrolyte

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4042177A (en) * 1976-10-04 1977-08-16 N L Industries, Inc. Recovery of metallic lead, lead compounds and plastic material from scrap storage batteries
CN101979165A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-02-23 杨春明 Waste lead-acid accumulator breaking separation machine and method
CN103390781A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-13 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Treatment system and treatment method for waste lead-acid batteries
CN104014414A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 株洲金鼎高端装备有限公司 Secondary sorting method for waste lead-acid battery broken materials
CN104124486A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-10-29 湖南江冶机电科技股份有限公司 Process for crushing and separating waste maintenance-free lead-acid storage battery

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4042177A (en) * 1976-10-04 1977-08-16 N L Industries, Inc. Recovery of metallic lead, lead compounds and plastic material from scrap storage batteries
CN101979165A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-02-23 杨春明 Waste lead-acid accumulator breaking separation machine and method
CN103390781A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-13 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Treatment system and treatment method for waste lead-acid batteries
CN104014414A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 株洲金鼎高端装备有限公司 Secondary sorting method for waste lead-acid battery broken materials
CN104124486A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-10-29 湖南江冶机电科技股份有限公司 Process for crushing and separating waste maintenance-free lead-acid storage battery

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110665619A (en) * 2019-08-29 2020-01-10 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 Waste lead-acid storage battery superposition type two-stage crushing and sorting method
CN110813520A (en) * 2019-08-29 2020-02-21 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 Multistage independent water circulation flotation method for waste lead-acid storage batteries
WO2021036918A1 (en) * 2019-08-29 2021-03-04 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 Waste battery crushing and sorting method for direct recycling of waste electrolyte
WO2021036919A1 (en) * 2019-08-29 2021-03-04 浙江浙矿重工股份有限公司 Multistage independent water circulation flotation method for used lead-acid batteries
CN111346713A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-30 江苏鼎健环保科技有限公司 Novel waste lead-acid battery resource regeneration and recovery process

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Application publication date: 20180123

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