CN203991634U - A kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse - Google Patents

A kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203991634U
CN203991634U CN201420338754.3U CN201420338754U CN203991634U CN 203991634 U CN203991634 U CN 203991634U CN 201420338754 U CN201420338754 U CN 201420338754U CN 203991634 U CN203991634 U CN 203991634U
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China
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unit
civil engineering
feed bin
resource utilization
engineering building
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CN201420338754.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱林涛
谢亨华
乔贞
李杰伟
戴丰朝
王宗权
张玉鹏
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YUNNAN DONGJIANG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
DONGJIANG ENVIRONMENTAL Co Ltd
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YUNNAN DONGJIANG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
DONGJIANG ENVIRONMENTAL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420338754.3U priority Critical patent/CN203991634U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse, comprises that line arranges successively sub-material pretreatment unit (10), forward type Anti-blockage feed unit (20), secondary remove native unit (30) and multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit (40); Sub-material is managed in advance unit (10) and is comprised mobile discharge sieve (11) and classification feed bin (12), and this classification feed bin comprises bulky grain feed bin and granule feed bin; Forward type Anti-blockage feed unit (20) comprises receiving opening and blowpit, is provided with strip grid on receiving opening; Secondary removes soil vibration sieve (31) and belt conveyor (32) except native unit (30) comprises, this belt conveyor (32) and granule feed bin and combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit (40) difference line.Compared with the existing technology, the utility model system can be carried out effectively except soil and recycling up to more than 30% civil engineering building refuse containing soil amount large batch of.

Description

A kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse
Technical field
The utility model relates to environmental project and building use equipment, is specifically related to a kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse.
Background technology
In China, building industry is as one of mainstay of the national economy industry, and more than two decades has obtained the development of advancing by leaps and bounds.The corresponding building waste producing in its production process also unprecedentedly increases.According to incompletely statistics, building waste quantity has accounted for 30%~40% of municipal refuse total amount.Building waste is mostly solid waste, generally in process of construction or in old building maintenance, demolishing process, produces.Live Jian Buzhengyan center and announce, before the year two thousand thirty, 20,000,000,000 tons of building wastes will discharge in China.At present domestic construction refuse resource utilizes enterprise, mostly continues to use external sandstone line technology and equipment, building waste is carried out making after fragmentation, screening to the regeneration aggregate of all size, utilizes regeneration aggregate to produce building material made.And it is single with respect to Foreign Architecture component of refuse, taking concrete as main and the lower feature of impurity content, China's building waste mostly is in removal process and produces, there is quantity large, complicated component fluctuation is large, the features such as the low discarded object of grade is many, especially in extensive demolishing process, produce measuring even up to more than 30% containing soil of building waste, adopt traditional sandstone line technology and equipment effectively to remove evidence to building waste medium clay soil, recycled fine aggregate medium clay soil composition has considerable influence to product strength, according to specifying in National Standard of the People's Republic of China's " concrete and mortar recycled fine aggregate " GB/T25176-2010, I class recycled fine aggregate clay content must reach below 5%, limit its use in reconstituted product.Regeneration aggregate can only be served as the regenerated construction material product raw material that grade is lower at present, has greatly lowered its economy.
China is less for the removal research of soil profile in construction refuse resource process at present, what use was more at present is except soil-sieve method and WATER-WASHING METHOD, all cannot carry out effectively removing fast soil containing civil engineering building refuse for height in enormous quantities, directly affect its follow-up recycling; WATER-WASHING METHOD is removed soil and more can be brought the secondary pollutions such as sewage and increase subsequent treatment cost.We utilize in method by current construction refuse resource, measuring and all having strict demand containing soil for building waste, for not utilizing General Requirements to contain soil amount below 10% containing the high building waste of soil amount, and reality is limit by current removal level of operation in producing, in some areas, building waste containing soil amount often up to 30% even more than.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to avoid above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part and proposes a kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse, and this system can be carried out effectively except soil and recycling containing civil engineering building refuse up to more than 30% height containing soil amount large batch of.
The utility model solve the technical problem can be by realizing by the following technical solutions:
Design, use a kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse, comprise that line arranges successively sub-material pretreatment unit, forward type Anti-blockage feed unit, secondary remove native unit and multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit; Described sub-material is managed in advance unit and is comprised mobile discharge sieve and classification feed bin, and this classification feed bin comprises bulky grain feed bin and granule feed bin; Described forward type Anti-blockage feed unit comprises receiving opening and blowpit, is provided with strip grid on described receiving opening; Described secondary removes soil vibration sieve and belt conveyor except native unit comprises, this belt conveyor and described granule feed bin and combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit line respectively.
The utility model also comprises production of articles unit and high containing earth material resource unit; Described production of articles unit and multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit line, described height is containing earth material resource unit and described granule feed bin line.
Described multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit comprises jaw crusher, roller press type disintegrating machine, rotary screen and fine crusher successively, and between them, line has feeding belt and return conveyer.
The Grill space of described strip grid is 800mm to 1000mm.
Described mobile discharge sieve is diagrid movably, and sieve diameter is 45mm to 55mm, is less than the corresponding granule feed bin of particle of sieve diameter, is greater than the particle correspondence bulky grain feed bin of sieve diameter.
The described sieve diameter except soil vibration sieve is consistent with the sieve diameter of described mobile discharge sieve.
Described jaw crusher, roller press type disintegrating machine and rotary screen all dispose self-unloading type deferrization device.
The sieve diameter of described rotary screen is 10mm to 13mm.
Described blowpit is gravity chute, and chute gradient 30 is spent-45 degree.
Between described roller press type disintegrating machine and rotary screen, be provided with artificial separation platform.
Compared with the existing technology, the beneficial effect of the high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse of the utility model is: 1. by pre-sub-material and multiple stage crushing and screening, can effectively height be removed containing the soil in civil engineering building refuse part, building waste can be recycled better and make building material made; 2. line is provided with the high earth material resource unit that contains, and the granule earth material of removing out can be recycled, and make inorganic compound.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is for height of the present utility model is containing the structure block diagram of the resource utilization system of civil engineering building refuse;
Fig. 2 adopts described resource utilization system to recycle the high technological process block-diagram containing civil engineering building refuse.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.Should be understood that following examples are only for the utility model is described but not for limiting scope of the present utility model.
The high resource utilization system embodiment containing civil engineering building refuse of the utility model, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprise that line arranges successively sub-material pretreatment unit 10, forward type Anti-blockage feed unit 20, secondary remove native unit 30 and multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit 40; Described sub-material is managed in advance unit 10 and is comprised mobile discharge sieve 11 and classification feed bin 12, this classification feed bin comprises bulky grain feed bin and granule feed bin, described mobile discharge sieve 11 is diagrid movably, sieve diameter is 45mm to 55mm, be less than the corresponding granule feed bin of particle of sieve diameter, be greater than the corresponding bulky grain feed bin of particle of sieve diameter; Described forward type Anti-blockage feed unit 20 comprises receiving opening and blowpit, and described blowpit is gravity chute, and chute gradient 30 is spent-45 degree, is provided with strip grid on described receiving opening, and the Grill space of this strip grid is 800mm to 1000mm; Described secondary removes soil vibration sieve 31 and belt conveyor 32 except native unit 30 comprises, should be consistent with the sieve diameter of described mobile discharge sieve 11 except the sieve diameter of soil vibration sieve 31, described belt conveyor 32 and described granule feed bin and combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit 40 line respectively.
The utility model is high containing in the resource utilization system embodiment of civil engineering building refuse, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, described multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit 40 comprises jaw crusher 41, roller press type disintegrating machine 42, rotary screen 43 and fine crusher 44 successively, and between them, line has feeding belt and return conveyer; Described jaw crusher 41, roller press type disintegrating machine 42 and rotary screen 43 all dispose self-unloading type deferrization device 46; Between described roller press type disintegrating machine 42 and rotary screen 43, be provided with artificial separation platform 48; The sieve diameter of described rotary screen 43 is 10mm to 13mm.
The utility model is high containing in the resource utilization system embodiment of civil engineering building refuse, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, also comprises production of articles unit 50 and high containing earth material resource unit 60; Described production of articles unit 50 and multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit 40 lines, described height is containing earth material resource unit 60 and described granule feed bin line.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the process that the high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse of lower the utility model removes soil and recycles containing civil engineering building refuse height is described.
One, pretreatment sub-material: building waste transport vehicle is poured building waste on portable Unloading sieve 11 compass screen surfaces into, and taking sieve diameter 50mm as example, oversize packs bulky grain feed bin into by loading machine, and screenings packs granule feed bin into by loading machine; Manual sorting is set in feed bin, goes out by manual sorting the foreign material such as plastics, wood that particle diameter is larger;
Two, charging: building waste loading machine is poured the building waste in bulky grain feed bin into forward type Anti-blockage feed unit 20 and is subject to mouth, and receiving opening is provided with strip grid, and Grill space is 800mm-1000mm; Small particle diameter material enters after receiving opening, by blowpit (chute) enter secondary except native unit 30 except soil vibration sieve 31; Large particle diameter material stays on receiving opening grid, enters in receiving opening after being regularly broken into small particle diameter material by loading machine hammer again;
Three, vibration is except native: small particle diameter material enters except after soil vibration sieve 31, by except the vibration of soil vibration sieve 31, the foreign material sieves such as sandy soil being branched away, sieves out the sandy soil of particle diameter below 50mm and sends into described granule feed bin by belt conveyor 32;
Four, the broken building waste of one-level jaw: stay material that the particle diameter that sieves 31 tops except soil vibration is greater than 50mm and sent into by belt conveyor 32 jaw crusher 41 of multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit 40, be crushed to below 200mm by one-level; After the output feeding belt of jaw crusher 32, the self-unloading type deferrization device 46 of supporting setting is removed the iron content foreign material in material;
Five, the broken building waste of secondary roll-in: the material after jaw crusher 41 one-level fragmentations enters roller press type disintegrating machine 42, and building waste particle diameter is crushed to below 60mm; After the feeding belt of roller press type disintegrating machine 42, the self-unloading type deferrization device 46 of supporting setting is removed the iron content foreign material in material;
Six, artificial separation: the building waste after the broken deironing of two-stage enters artificial separation platform 48, adopts manual type that the foreign material such as the wooden class material in building waste, plastics, paper are removed;
Seven, screening: adopting rotary screen 43 to screen separation to the building waste after artificial separation, is example taking sieve diameter as 13mm, and screenings enters aggregate bin by feeding belt; On sieve, large particle diameter material is transported to rolling disintegrator 42 fragmentation again by return conveyer;
Eight, regeneration production of articles: the building waste aggregate in aggregate bin is transported to production of articles unit 50 by belt conveyor or loading machine, the general vibrocompression production of articles line that adopts in this production of articles unit 50, adds other raw materials according to different product and produces raw product again;
Nine, particle diameter 0-50mm building waste and high utilize containing civil engineering building refuse component: sub-material pretreatment unit 10 is filtered out and is less than 50mm material and secondary and sends into highly containing earth material resource unit 60 except the screenings except soil vibration sieve 31 of native unit 30, add raw material according to inorganic compound product requirement and produce inorganic compound product.

Claims (10)

1. a high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse, is characterized in that: comprise that line arranges successively sub-material pretreatment unit (10), forward type Anti-blockage feed unit (20), secondary remove native unit (30) and multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit (40); Described sub-material is managed in advance unit (10) and is comprised mobile discharge sieve (11) and classification feed bin (12), and this classification feed bin comprises bulky grain feed bin and granule feed bin; Described forward type Anti-blockage feed unit (20) comprises receiving opening and blowpit, is provided with strip grid on described receiving opening; Described secondary removes soil vibration sieve (31) and belt conveyor (32) except native unit (30) comprises, this belt conveyor (32) and described granule feed bin and combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit (40) difference line.
2. height according to claim 1, containing the resource utilization system of civil engineering building refuse, is characterized in that: also comprise production of articles unit (50) and high containing earth material resource unit (60); Described production of articles unit (50) and multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit (40) line, described height is containing earth material resource unit (60) and described granule feed bin line.
3. height according to claim 1 and 2 is containing the resource utilization system of civil engineering building refuse, it is characterized in that: described multistage-combination environment-friendly type crushing and screening unit (40) comprises jaw crusher (41), roller press type disintegrating machine (42), rotary screen (43) and fine crusher (44) successively, and between them, line has feeding belt and return conveyer.
4. height according to claim 3, containing the resource utilization system of civil engineering building refuse, is characterized in that: the Grill space of described strip grid is 800mm to 1000mm.
5. height according to claim 3 is containing the resource utilization system of civil engineering building refuse, it is characterized in that: described mobile discharge sieve (11) is diagrid movably, sieve diameter is 45mm to 55mm, be less than the corresponding granule feed bin of particle of sieve diameter, be greater than the corresponding bulky grain feed bin of particle of sieve diameter.
6. height according to claim 3, containing the resource utilization system of civil engineering building refuse, is characterized in that: the described sieve diameter except soil vibration sieve (31) is consistent with the sieve diameter that described mobile discharge sieves (11).
7. the resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse according to height claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described jaw crusher (41), roller press type disintegrating machine (42) and rotary screen (43) all dispose self-unloading type deferrization device (46).
8. the resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse according to height claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: the sieve diameter of described rotary screen (43) is 10mm to 13mm.
9. the resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse according to height claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described blowpit is gravity chute, and chute gradient 30 is spent-45 degree.
10. the resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse according to height claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: between described roller press type disintegrating machine (42) and rotary screen (43), be provided with artificial separation platform (48).
CN201420338754.3U 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 A kind of high resource utilization system containing civil engineering building refuse Active CN203991634U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105478439A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-04-13 苏州市建筑材料再生资源利用有限公司 Construction waste integration and separation equipment
CN105536969A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-05-04 王宏军 Stripping type household garbage separator
CN112620118A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-04-09 中冶南方都市环保工程技术股份有限公司 Pretreatment method for multistage screening and soil removal of construction waste

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105478439A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-04-13 苏州市建筑材料再生资源利用有限公司 Construction waste integration and separation equipment
CN105536969A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-05-04 王宏军 Stripping type household garbage separator
CN105536969B (en) * 2016-02-18 2019-07-05 王宏军 Stripping type Cull eliminator of home scrap
CN112620118A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-04-09 中冶南方都市环保工程技术股份有限公司 Pretreatment method for multistage screening and soil removal of construction waste

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