CN107347570A - A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107347570A
CN107347570A CN201710787230.0A CN201710787230A CN107347570A CN 107347570 A CN107347570 A CN 107347570A CN 201710787230 A CN201710787230 A CN 201710787230A CN 107347570 A CN107347570 A CN 107347570A
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China
Prior art keywords
tea
place
black
free
green tea
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Pending
Application number
CN201710787230.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马明璋
雷红霞
陈发云
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Anqing Hui-K'o Tea Industry Ltd By Share Ltd
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Anqing Hui-K'o Tea Industry Ltd By Share Ltd
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Priority to CN201710787230.0A priority Critical patent/CN107347570A/en
Publication of CN107347570A publication Critical patent/CN107347570A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea, including the step such as kind of tea place selection, tea place are handled, green tea sapling is planted surely, tea garden management, tea place fertilising, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, tea picking.The present invention is because selection ecological environment is good, with fresh air, water source cleans, soil is not comtaminated, planting base of the place in pollution-free source as nuisanceless green tea around, tea place Routine Management uses the measure of biology, physics, agronomy etc., prohibit the use of chemical synthesis goods and materials, ensure that pollution-free greenery are free of polluter, so as to improve the quality of nuisanceless green tea;Meanwhile by the free-ranging black-bone chicken in tea place, the chicken manure of black-bone chicken can improved soil nodule structure, improve the effect of tea place fertility;When black-bone chicken in tea place is free-ranging, black-bone chicken can prey on the insect on tea tree, reach the effect for removing tea place pest and disease damage, realize the ecological effect of " symbiosis of tea chicken ", be that a good growing environment is created in the plantation of nuisanceless green tea.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea
Technical field
The present invention relates to Tea planting field, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea.
Background technology
Tealeaves is most common a kind of drink in people's life, development and people's living standard with social economy Improve constantly, species effect of tealeaves is more and more, and variation, health care and non-harmful requirement of the people to tealeaves are increasingly strong Strong, especially, people pay attention to increasingly for the safety standard of tealeaves, and the tealeaves of no fine quality will be commercially without basing oneself upon it Ground, production and the management method of non-polluted tea are the most important things, are a special kind of skill that vast tea producer must be grasped, are The general orientation of tealeaves future development, but because non-polluted tea cultivation requires all very high, current cultivation to each side administrative skill The non-polluted tea of culture method exist not environmentally, unsafe shortcoming, yield and product of the market to non-polluted tea can not be met The high demand of matter.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea, the implantation methods are not applied any artificial Chemical fertilizer, the agricultural chemicals of synthesis, meet needs of the in the market to nuisanceless green tea.
A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea of the present invention, comprise the following steps:
A tea places select:Select the gradient below 30 degree, pH value 4-7, around non-environmental-pollution source mountain region, and soil depth More than 60cm;
B tea places are handled:Tea place is weeded with a hoe before plantation, 15-20 centimetres of ditching depth, with every mu of 100 kilograms of base manure of application, often Mu 10-15kg amount applies NPK, and base manure and NPK are all applied in zanjon, then blinding;
C green tea saplings are planted surely:After in tea place handling one week, select through examining qualified no disease and pests harm, suitably in local plantation Excellent green tea sapling carry out that band soil is fixed to plant, take double hedge plantings, wide row space 150cm, small line-spacing 33cm, the cm of spacing in the rows 33;
D tea garden managements:After tea shoot survives, sizing trimming, highly to cut off major branch away from the centimeters of ground 15;Operation tea tree, it is every Year a light pruning is carried out, depth is to cut off 3-5 centimetres on crown surface of branches and leaves, and to carry out edge pruning in the ranks, reserves 20- 30 centimetres of operating walk way;After green tea sapling is planted surely, field is poured once permeable, watered later according to soil moisture content, Ground moistening is kept without ponding;Annual fertilising twice, applies rape cake before spring tea harvests for the first time and dregs of beans presses quality Than 1:1 fertilizer mixed, mu apply 320kg, apply well-rotted farmyard manure in late October for the second time, mu applies 400kg;Meanwhile The free-ranging black-bone chicken in tea place, the chicken manure of black-bone chicken can also be used as tea place fertilizer;
Apply fertilizer in e tea places:According to the growing state of tealeaves, annual top dressing 1-3 times, the fertilizer used is tealeaves special fertilizer, during top dressing Tilth is 10-15cm;
The f prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Black-bone chicken of the free-ranging in tea place, benefit worm is carried out by black-bone chicken;The pest and disease damage occurred on a small quantity can be adopted Prevented and treated with measures such as trimming, manual removal, light traps;
G finished products are plucked:Take thumb and forefinger to pinch the slash of tea shoot one one and carry during harvesting, be broken;The tealeaves of harvesting is not according to Same type is separately fitted into the good container of cleaning, air permeability.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is due to selecting good ecological environment, with fresh air, water source cleaning, soil not It is contaminated, the planting base of the place in the pollution-free source of surrounding as nuisanceless green tea, tea place Routine Management using biology, physics, The measure of agronomy etc., chemical synthesis goods and materials are prohibitted the use of, ensure that nuisanceless green tea is free of polluter, so as to improve no public affairs The quality of evil green tea;Meanwhile pass through the free-ranging black-bone chicken in tea place, on the one hand, the chicken manure of black-bone chicken can improved soil granule knot Structure, improve the effect of tea place fertility;On the other hand, when black-bone chicken in tea place is free-ranging, black-bone chicken can prey on the worm on tea tree Son, reach the effect for removing tea place pest and disease damage, realize the ecological effect of " symbiosis of tea chicken ", be that the plantation of nuisanceless green tea creates one Individual good growing environment.
Embodiment
A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea of the present invention are described further with reference to specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea of the present invention, comprise the following steps:
A tea places select:To select the gradient be 20 degree, pH value 4, the mountain region in surrounding non-environmental-pollution source, and soil depth is more than 60cm;
B tea places are handled:Tea place is weeded with a hoe before plantation, 15 centimetres of ditching depth, with every mu of 100 kilograms, every mu of base manure of application 10kg amount applies NPK, and base manure and NPK are all applied in zanjon, then blinding;
C green tea saplings are planted surely:After in tea place handling one week, select through examining qualified no disease and pests harm, suitably in local plantation Excellent green tea sapling carry out that band soil is fixed to plant, take double hedge plantings, wide row space 150cm, small line-spacing 33cm, the cm of spacing in the rows 33;
D tea garden managements:After tea shoot survives, sizing trimming, highly to cut off major branch away from the centimeters of ground 15;Operation tea tree, it is every Year a light pruning is carried out, depth is to cut off 3 centimetres on crown surface of branches and leaves, and to carry out edge pruning in the ranks, reserves 20 lis The operating walk way of rice;After green tea sapling is planted surely, field is poured once permeable, watered later according to soil moisture content, kept Ground moistening is without ponding;Annual fertilising twice, applies rape cake and dregs of beans in mass ratio 1 before spring tea harvests for the first time:1 The fertilizer mixed, mu apply 320kg, apply well-rotted farmyard manure in late October for the second time, mu applies 400kg;Meanwhile in tea place In free-ranging black-bone chicken, black-bone chicken mainly pastures the foods such as seed, insect, both can eliminate feed and agricultural chemicals expense again with weeding deinsectization With chicken manure can be with fertile ground, and tealeaves and black-bone chicken are all free of contamination pollution-free foods;The lichen muskeg on tea tree branch bar is denuded, To reduce the radix of wintering pest in tea place;
Apply fertilizer in e tea places:According to the growing state of tealeaves, annual top dressing 1-3 times, the fertilizer used is tealeaves special fertilizer, during top dressing Tilth is 10-15cm;
The f prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Black-bone chicken of the free-ranging in tea place, benefit worm is carried out by black-bone chicken;The pest and disease damage occurred on a small quantity can be adopted Prevented and treated with measures such as trimming, manual removal, light traps;Worm pupa, worm's ovum, the worm capsule on light tea tree should be plucked during manual removal;
G finished products are plucked:Take thumb and forefinger to pinch the slash of tea shoot one one and carry during harvesting, be broken, it is not possible to nipped off with nail Tealeaves, on the one hand tea quality is influenceed, the bacterium that on the other hand can be brought into tealeaves inside nail cover, influenceed nuisanceless Product quality;The tealeaves of harvesting separately loads cleaning according to different type, in the good bamboo weaving mesh basket basket of air permeability, wherein fine Its harvesting tealeaves is separated with rainy day harvesting tealeaves, and morning harvesting tealeaves is separated and grown up with harvesting in afternoon tealeaves and plucked on tea tree Tealeaves separates with plucking tealeaves on Senile tea plant;In harvesting with regard to classified placing tealeaves, it is fresh that harvesting on the one hand can be avoided the occurrence of The very different phenomenon of leaf, influences tea leaf quality;On the other hand, it can reduce and make wordy property during follow-up tea processing, carry High processing efficiency and product quality.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea of the present invention, comprise the following steps:
A tea places select:To select the gradient be 28 degree, pH value 7, the mountain region in surrounding non-environmental-pollution source, and soil depth is more than 60cm;
B tea places are handled:Tea place is weeded with a hoe before plantation, 20 centimetres of ditching depth, with every mu of 100 kilograms, every mu of base manure of application 15kg amount applies NPK, and base manure and NPK are all applied in zanjon, then blinding;
C green tea saplings are planted surely:After in tea place handling one week, select through examining qualified no disease and pests harm, suitably in local plantation Excellent green tea sapling carry out that band soil is fixed to plant, take double hedge plantings, wide row space 150cm, small line-spacing 33cm, the cm of spacing in the rows 33;
D tea garden managements:After tea shoot survives, sizing trimming, highly to cut off major branch away from the centimeters of ground 15;Operation tea tree, it is every Year a light pruning is carried out, depth is to cut off 5 centimetres on crown surface of branches and leaves, and to carry out edge pruning in the ranks, reserves 30 lis The operating walk way of rice;After green tea sapling is planted surely, field is poured once permeable, watered later according to soil moisture content, kept Ground moistening is without ponding;Annual fertilising twice, applies rape cake and dregs of beans in mass ratio 1 before spring tea harvests for the first time:1 The fertilizer mixed, mu apply 320kg, apply well-rotted farmyard manure in late October for the second time, mu applies 400kg;Meanwhile in tea place In free-ranging black-bone chicken, the free-ranging black-bone chicken in tea place, black-bone chicken mainly pastures the foods such as seed, insect, both can be with weeding deinsectization, again Eliminate feed and agricultural chemicals expense is used, chicken manure can be with fertile ground, and tealeaves and black-bone chicken are all free of contamination pollution-free foods;Denude tea tree Lichen muskeg on branch bar, to reduce the radix of wintering pest in tea place;
Apply fertilizer in e tea places:According to the growing state of tealeaves, annual top dressing 1-3 times, the fertilizer used is tealeaves special fertilizer, during top dressing Tilth is 10-15cm;
The f prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Black-bone chicken of the free-ranging in tea place, benefit worm is carried out by black-bone chicken;The pest and disease damage occurred on a small quantity can be adopted Prevented and treated with measures such as trimming, manual removal, light traps;Worm pupa, worm's ovum, the worm capsule on light tea tree should be plucked during manual removal;
G finished products are plucked:Take thumb and forefinger to pinch the slash of tea shoot one one and carry during harvesting, be broken, it is not possible to nipped off with nail Tealeaves, on the one hand tea quality is influenceed, the bacterium that on the other hand can be brought into tealeaves inside nail cover, influenceed nuisanceless Product quality;The tealeaves of harvesting separately loads cleaning according to different type, in the good bamboo weaving mesh basket basket of air permeability, wherein fine Its harvesting tealeaves is separated with rainy day harvesting tealeaves, and morning harvesting tealeaves is separated and grown up with harvesting in afternoon tealeaves and plucked on tea tree Tealeaves separates with plucking tealeaves on Senile tea plant;In harvesting with regard to classified placing tealeaves, it is fresh that harvesting on the one hand can be avoided the occurrence of The very different phenomenon of leaf, influences tea leaf quality;On the other hand, it can reduce and make wordy property during follow-up tea processing, carry High processing efficiency and product quality.
In the present embodiment, mainly by the free-ranging black-bone chicken in tea place, black-bone chicken mainly pastures the food such as seed, insect Thing, it can both eliminate feed again with weeding deinsectization and agricultural chemicals expense used, chicken manure can be with fertile ground, and tealeaves and black-bone chicken are all no dirts The pollution-free food of dye;In daily life, according to being actually needed.Can also free-ranging kind duck, equally reach the effect above.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea, comprise the following steps:
A tea places select:Select the gradient below 30 degree, pH value 4-7, around non-environmental-pollution source mountain region, and soil depth More than 60cm;
B tea places are handled:Tea place is weeded with a hoe before plantation, 15-20 centimetres of ditching depth, with every mu of 100 kilograms of base manure of application, often Mu 10-15kg amount applies NPK, and base manure and NPK are all applied in zanjon, then blinding;
C green tea saplings are planted surely:After in tea place handling one week, select through examining qualified no disease and pests harm, suitably in local plantation Excellent green tea sapling carry out that band soil is fixed to plant, take double hedge plantings, wide row space 150cm, small line-spacing 33cm, the cm of spacing in the rows 33;
D tea garden managements:After tea shoot survives, sizing trimming, highly to cut off major branch away from the centimeters of ground 15;Operation tea tree, it is every Year a light pruning is carried out, depth is to cut off 3-5 centimetres on crown surface of branches and leaves, and to carry out edge pruning in the ranks, reserves 20- 30 centimetres of operating walk way;After green tea sapling is planted surely, field is poured once permeable, watered later according to soil moisture content, Ground moistening is kept without ponding;Annual fertilising twice, applies rape cake before spring tea harvests for the first time and dregs of beans presses quality Than 1:1 fertilizer mixed, mu apply 320kg, apply well-rotted farmyard manure in late October for the second time, mu applies 400kg;Meanwhile The free-ranging black-bone chicken in tea place, the chicken manure of black-bone chicken can also be used as tea place fertilizer;
Apply fertilizer in e tea places:According to the growing state of tealeaves, annual top dressing 1-3 times, the fertilizer used is tealeaves special fertilizer, during top dressing Tilth is 10-15cm;
The f prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Black-bone chicken of the free-ranging in tea place, insect-catching is carried out by black-bone chicken;The pest and disease damage occurred on a small quantity can be adopted Prevented and treated with measures such as trimming, manual removal, light traps;
G finished products are plucked:Take thumb and forefinger to pinch the slash of tea shoot one one and carry during harvesting, be broken;The tealeaves of harvesting is not according to Same type is separately fitted into the good container of cleaning, air permeability.
CN201710787230.0A 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless green tea Pending CN107347570A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108307920A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-07-24 贵州博联茶业股份有限公司 Organic green-tea implantation methods
CN109041982A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-12-21 安徽省兰香缘农业生态发展有限责任公司 A kind of cultural method for preventing and treating tealeaves pest and disease damage
CN109041991A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-21 石阡县龙塘镇大山村鑫源茶叶专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of tealeaves integrated pest prevention and control

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283458A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-09-11 句容市赵庄林苗场 Cultivation method of pollution-free tea
CN103688702A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-02 苏州市相城区渭塘凤凰泾农业发展有限公司 Planting method for tea
CN104285659A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-21 王春红 Organic tea cultivating method
CN105850642A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-17 安徽省上行山茶叶有限公司 Planting method of high-benefit and pollution-free green tea trees
CN106171803A (en) * 2016-09-28 2016-12-07 陈亚丽 A kind of implantation methods in eco-tour tea place
CN106577494A (en) * 2016-11-27 2017-04-26 竹山县旭东生态农业开发有限公司 Method for combining chicken farming and tea garden management

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103283458A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-09-11 句容市赵庄林苗场 Cultivation method of pollution-free tea
CN103688702A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-02 苏州市相城区渭塘凤凰泾农业发展有限公司 Planting method for tea
CN104285659A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-21 王春红 Organic tea cultivating method
CN105850642A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-17 安徽省上行山茶叶有限公司 Planting method of high-benefit and pollution-free green tea trees
CN106171803A (en) * 2016-09-28 2016-12-07 陈亚丽 A kind of implantation methods in eco-tour tea place
CN106577494A (en) * 2016-11-27 2017-04-26 竹山县旭东生态农业开发有限公司 Method for combining chicken farming and tea garden management

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108307920A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-07-24 贵州博联茶业股份有限公司 Organic green-tea implantation methods
CN109041982A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-12-21 安徽省兰香缘农业生态发展有限责任公司 A kind of cultural method for preventing and treating tealeaves pest and disease damage
CN109041991A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-21 石阡县龙塘镇大山村鑫源茶叶专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of tealeaves integrated pest prevention and control

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Application publication date: 20171117