CN107188642A - A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix - Google Patents

A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107188642A
CN107188642A CN201710443437.6A CN201710443437A CN107188642A CN 107188642 A CN107188642 A CN 107188642A CN 201710443437 A CN201710443437 A CN 201710443437A CN 107188642 A CN107188642 A CN 107188642A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
cultivation
straw
glossy ganoderma
matrix
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710443437.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
辜晓平
孔利文
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成都众宜合生科技有限公司
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Application filed by 成都众宜合生科技有限公司 filed Critical 成都众宜合生科技有限公司
Priority to CN201710443437.6A priority Critical patent/CN107188642A/en
Publication of CN107188642A publication Critical patent/CN107188642A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, solve that cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix pollution rate in the prior art is higher, the ganoderma lucidum quality cultivated is bad, the problem of active constituent content is low.The present invention includes the raw material of following parts by weight:30 40 parts of stalk, 12 25 parts of vinasse, 12 30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 15 30 parts of food waste waste grease, 5 25 parts of bacteria residue, 15 parts of land plaster, 2 10 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.Extensively, formula is reasonable, nutritious, can effectively facilitate the growth of ganoderma lucidum for raw material sources of the present invention.Low using the bright ganoderma lucidum pollution rate cultivated of we, yield is high, quality better, and ganoderma polyoses content is high.

Description

A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, and in particular to a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix.
Background technology
Ganoderma lucidum is also known as Lin Zhongling, fine jade treasure, is On Polyporaceae red sesame Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss.exFr.) Karst. or purple sesame Ganoderma sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang drying fructification.With invigorating qi for tranquilization, cough-relieving The effect relieving asthma, promoted longevity.For dizziness egersis, palpitation, neurasthenia, consumptive disease cough and asthma.Ganoderma lucidum it is medicinal in China There is the history of more than 2000 years, the magical treasure for being considered as strengthening by means of tonics by successive dynasties medical family, being strengthened the body resistance to consolidate the constitution.Ganoderma lucidum master containing amino acid, Polypeptide, protein, fungal lysozyme (fungal lysozyme), and carbohydrate (reduced sugar and polysaccharide), ergosterol, triterpene Class, coumarin glucoside, volatile oil, stearic acid, benzoic acid, alkaloid, vitamin B2 and C etc.;Spore also contains mannitol, trehalose (trehalose)。
Ganoderma lucidum is widely distributed in China, Longquan, Zhejiang Province, Heilungkiang, Jilin, Hebei, Shandong, Huoshan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, There is part yield in the provinces such as Hunan, Guizhou, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi.Wherein Longquan, Zhejiang Province, Anhui, the spirit of the band of Taian Shandong one Sesame planting scale is more concentrated.As the improvement of people's living standards, the enhancing of health care consciousness, the demand for ganoderma lucidum increasingly increases Plus.Ganoderma lucidum is primarily now obtained using artificial cultivation, to meet the huge market demand.But in the prior art, ganoderma lucidum is planted The matrix of training has that pollution rate is higher, and the ganoderma lucidum quality cultivated is bad, the problem of active constituent content is low.
Therefore it provides a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, pollution rate is low, ganoderma lucidum quality can be improved, its active constituent content is improved, Become those skilled in the art's urgent problem to be solved.
The content of the invention
Present invention solves the technical problem that being to provide a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, cultivation of glossy ganoderma base in the prior art is solved Matter pollution rate is higher, and the ganoderma lucidum quality cultivated is bad, the problem of active constituent content is low.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix of the present invention, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:30-40 parts of straw, vinasse 12- 25 parts, 12-30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 15-30 parts of food waste waste grease, 5-25 parts of bacteria residue, 1-5 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 2- 10 parts.
Preferably, the raw material of following parts by weight is included:32-36 parts of straw, 15-20 parts of vinasse, 17-24 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining waste grease 19-22 parts, 14-20 parts of bacteria residue, 2-4 parts of land plaster, 4-7 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Preferably, the raw material of following parts by weight is included:35 parts of straw, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease 20 parts, 18 parts of bacteria residue, 3 parts of land plaster, 6 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Preferably, the straw is any one or a few group in straw, rape straw, straw, cornstalk, soybean bar Close.
Preferably, the bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after culturing edible fungus.
Preferably, the water content of the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix is 45-60%.
Preferably, the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix is aseptic substrate.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
Extensively, formula is reasonable, nutritious, can effectively facilitate the growth of ganoderma lucidum for raw material sources of the present invention.It is bright using we The ganoderma lucidum pollution rate cultivated is low, and yield is high, quality better, and ganoderma polyoses content is high.
The present invention, as raw material, promotes discarded object using straw, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue It is secondary to utilize, while being conducive to environmental protection, also reduce production cost.
Embodiment
Detailed description below can make more detailed description, but subject of the present invention model to present disclosure Enclose and be not limited to specific examples below, every technology realized based on present invention, technique belong to the model of the present invention Enclose.
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:30-40 parts of straw, 12-25 parts of vinasse, cotton seed hulls 12-30 parts, 15-30 parts of food waste waste grease, 5-25 parts of bacteria residue, 1-5 parts of land plaster, 2-10 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Preferably, the raw material of following parts by weight is included:32-36 parts of straw, 15-20 parts of vinasse, 17-24 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining waste grease 19-22 parts, 14-20 parts of bacteria residue, 2-4 parts of land plaster, 4-7 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Preferably, the raw material of following parts by weight is included:35 parts of straw, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease 20 parts, 18 parts of bacteria residue, 3 parts of land plaster, 6 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Preferably, the straw is any one or a few group in straw, rape straw, straw, cornstalk, soybean bar Close.
Preferably, the bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after culturing edible fungus.
Preferably, the water content of the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix is 45-60%.
Preferably, the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix is aseptic substrate.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, sieving obtains straw powder;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, compost hair Ferment, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content, sterilizing, produce.
Further, the screen cloth sieved in the step 2 is 20-40 mesh.
Further, the straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are added water in the step 3 mixed Close uniform, make water content inflammation 50-70%.
Further, the condition of compost fermentation is fermented 20-40 days for 30-50 DEG C in the step 3.
Further, the screen cloth sieved in the step 4 is 20-40 mesh.
Further, the water content of the mixture is 45-60%.
Further, the sterilizing is the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, and dose of radiation is 10-20KGY.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:35 parts of straw, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 20 parts of waste grease, 18 parts of bacteria residue, 3 parts of land plaster, 6 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw;Bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after cultivation flat mushroom.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 20 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 50%, 50 DEG C of compost fermentations 40 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 60%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 10KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:30 parts of straw, 25 parts of vinasse, 12 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 30 parts of waste grease, 25 parts of bacteria residue, 5 parts of land plaster, 2 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw, rape straw by 1:1 weight ratio is mixed;Bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after cultivation asparagus.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 40 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 70%, 30 DEG C of compost fermentations 20 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 45%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 20KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:40 parts of straw, 12 parts of vinasse, 30 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 15 parts of waste grease, 5 parts of bacteria residue, 1 part of land plaster, 10 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw, cornstalk, soybean bar by weight 1:1:1 mixes;After bacteria residue is cultivation flat mushroom Bacteria residue.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 40 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 60%, 40 DEG C of compost fermentations 30 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 45%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 20KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 4
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:32 parts of straw, 20 parts of vinasse, 24 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 19 parts of waste grease, 14 parts of bacteria residue, 2 parts of land plaster, 4 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw, cornstalk by weight 1:1:1 mixes;Bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after cultivation flat mushroom.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 20 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 60%, 30 DEG C of compost fermentations 40 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 45%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 10KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 5
By the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix obtained by implementation 1-4 compared with Common ganoderma lucidum cultivation matrix, pollution rate is reduced respectively 17%th, 14%, 19%, 15%, ganoderma polyoses content is respectively increased 12%, 9%, 11%, 10%.
Above-described embodiment is only one of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, should not be taken to limit the protection model of the present invention Enclose, as long as the present invention body design thought and mentally make have no the change of essential meaning or polishing, it is solved Technical problem it is still consistent with the present invention, should be included in protection scope of the present invention within.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, it is characterised in that:Include the raw material of following parts by weight:30-40 parts of straw, vinasse 12-25 Part, 12-30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 15-30 parts of food waste waste grease, 5-25 parts of bacteria residue, 1-5 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 2-10 Part.
2. a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Include the raw material of following parts by weight:Straw 32-36 parts of bar, 15-20 parts of vinasse, 17-24 parts of cotton seed hulls, 19-22 parts of food waste waste grease, 14-20 parts of bacteria residue, land plaster 2-4 Part, 4-7 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
3. a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Include the raw material of following parts by weight:Straw 35 parts of bar, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, 20 parts of food waste waste grease, 18 parts of bacteria residue, 3 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 6 Part.
4. a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 1-3 any one, it is characterised in that:The straw is wheat Any one or a few combination in bar, rape straw, straw, cornstalk, soybean bar.
5. a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The bacteria residue is after culturing edible fungus Bacteria residue.
6. a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The water content of the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix For 45-60%.
7. a kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 1-4 any one, it is characterised in that:The Ganoderma lucidum cultivation medium Matter is aseptic substrate.
CN201710443437.6A 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix CN107188642A (en)

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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
谭伟等: "《灵芝生物学及生产新技术》", 30 April 2007, 中国农业科学技术出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20170922