CN107188643A - A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107188643A
CN107188643A CN201710443440.8A CN201710443440A CN107188643A CN 107188643 A CN107188643 A CN 107188643A CN 201710443440 A CN201710443440 A CN 201710443440A CN 107188643 A CN107188643 A CN 107188643A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
cultivation
glossy ganoderma
straw
matrix
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CN201710443440.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
辜晓平
孔利文
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成都众宜合生科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201710443440.8A priority Critical patent/CN107188643A/en
Publication of CN107188643A publication Critical patent/CN107188643A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, solve that cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix pollution rate in the prior art is higher, the ganoderma lucidum quality cultivated is bad, the problem of active constituent content is low.The preparation method of the present invention comprises the following steps weighs raw material by weight;Stalk is crushed, sieves, obtains powder of straw;Powder of straw, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, compost fermentation, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;It is well mixed after land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls the water content of mixture, sterilizing is produced.Preparation method of the present invention is simple, easy to operate, and gained matrix nutrition enriches, and can effectively facilitate the growth of ganoderma lucidum.

Description

A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, and in particular to a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix.
Background technology
Ganoderma lucidum is also known as Lin Zhongling, fine jade treasure, is On Polyporaceae red sesame Ganodermalucidum (Leyss.exFr.) Karst. or purple sesame GanodermasinenseZhao, XuetZhang drying fructification.With invigorating qi for tranquilization, it is relieving cough and asthma, The effect promoted longevity.For dizziness egersis, palpitation, neurasthenia, consumptive disease cough and asthma.Ganoderma lucidum is medicinal in China existing 2000 History for many years, the magical treasure for being considered as strengthening by means of tonics by successive dynasties medical family, being strengthened the body resistance to consolidate the constitution.Ganoderma lucidum master contains amino acid, polypeptide, egg White matter, fungal lysozyme (fungallysozyme), and carbohydrate (reduced sugar and polysaccharide), ergosterol, triterpenes, coumarin Glucoside, volatile oil, stearic acid, benzoic acid, alkaloid, vitamin B2 and C etc.;Spore also contains mannitol, trehalose (trehalose)。
Ganoderma lucidum is widely distributed in China, Longquan, Zhejiang Province, Heilungkiang, Jilin, Hebei, Shandong, Huoshan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, There is part yield in the provinces such as Hunan, Guizhou, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi.Wherein Longquan, Zhejiang Province, Anhui, the spirit of the band of Taian Shandong one Sesame planting scale is more concentrated.As the improvement of people's living standards, the enhancing of health care consciousness, the demand for ganoderma lucidum increasingly increases Plus.Ganoderma lucidum is primarily now obtained using artificial cultivation, to meet the huge market demand.But in the prior art, ganoderma lucidum is planted The matrix of training has that pollution rate is higher, and the ganoderma lucidum quality cultivated is bad, the problem of active constituent content is low.
Therefore it provides a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, reduces the pollution rate of ganoderma lucidum matrix, ganoderma lucidum product are improved Matter, increases active constituent content, becomes those skilled in the art's urgent problem to be solved.
The content of the invention
Present invention solves the technical problem that being to provide a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, solve clever in the prior art Sesame cultivation is higher with matrix pollution rate, and the ganoderma lucidum quality cultivated is bad, the problem of active constituent content is low.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight:30-40 parts of straw, vinasse 12-25 parts, 12-30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 15-30 parts of food waste waste grease, 5-25 parts of bacteria residue, 1-5 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 2-10 parts;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, sieving obtains straw powder;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, compost hair Ferment, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content, sterilizing, produce.
Further, in the step 1, raw material includes the component of following parts by weight:32-36 parts of straw, vinasse 15-20 Part, 17-24 parts of cotton seed hulls, 19-22 parts of food waste waste grease, 14-20 parts of bacteria residue, 2-4 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 4-7 Part.
Further, in the step 1,35 parts of straw, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, 20 parts of food waste waste grease, bacterium 18 parts of slag, 3 parts of land plaster, 6 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Further, the screen cloth sieved in the step 2 is 20-40 mesh.
Further, the straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are added water in the step 3 mixed Close uniform, make water content inflammation 50-70%.
Further, the condition of compost fermentation is fermented 20-40 days for 30-50 DEG C in the step 3.
Further, the screen cloth sieved in the step 4 is 20-40 mesh.
Further, the water content of the mixture is 45-60%.
Further, the sterilizing is the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, and dose of radiation is 10-20KGY.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
Preparation method of the present invention is simple, easy to operate, and gained matrix nutrition enriches, and can effectively facilitate the growth of ganoderma lucidum.Adopt The ganoderma lucidum pollution rate cultivated with the matrix of our bright preparation is low, and yield is high, quality better, and ganoderma polyoses content is high.
Embodiment
Detailed description below can make more detailed description, but subject of the present invention model to present disclosure Enclose and be not limited to specific examples below, every technology realized based on present invention, technique belong to the model of the present invention Enclose.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight:30-40 parts of straw, vinasse 12-25 parts, 12-30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 15-30 parts of food waste waste grease, 5-25 parts of bacteria residue, 1-5 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 2-10 parts;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, sieving obtains straw powder;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, compost hair Ferment, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content, sterilizing, produce.
Further, in the step 1, raw material includes the component of following parts by weight:32-36 parts of straw, vinasse 15-20 Part, 17-24 parts of cotton seed hulls, 19-22 parts of food waste waste grease, 14-20 parts of bacteria residue, 2-4 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 4-7 Part.
Further, in the step 1,35 parts of straw, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, 20 parts of food waste waste grease, bacterium 18 parts of slag, 3 parts of land plaster, 6 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Further, the screen cloth sieved in the step 2 is 20-40 mesh.
Further, the straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are added water in the step 3 mixed Close uniform, make water content inflammation 50-70%.
Further, the condition of compost fermentation is fermented 20-40 days for 30-50 DEG C in the step 3.
Further, the screen cloth sieved in the step 4 is 20-40 mesh.
Further, the water content of the mixture is 45-60%.
Further, the sterilizing is the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, and dose of radiation is 10-20KGY.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:35 parts of straw, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 20 parts of waste grease, 18 parts of bacteria residue, 3 parts of land plaster, 6 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw;Bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after cultivation flat mushroom.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 20 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 50%, 50 DEG C of compost fermentations 40 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 60%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 10KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:30 parts of straw, 25 parts of vinasse, 12 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 30 parts of waste grease, 25 parts of bacteria residue, 5 parts of land plaster, 2 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw, rape straw by 1:1 weight ratio is mixed;Bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after cultivation asparagus.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 40 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 70%, 30 DEG C of compost fermentations 20 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 45%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 20KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:40 parts of straw, 12 parts of vinasse, 30 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 15 parts of waste grease, 5 parts of bacteria residue, 1 part of land plaster, 10 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw, cornstalk, soybean bar by weight 1:1:1 mixes;After bacteria residue is cultivation flat mushroom Bacteria residue.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 40 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 60%, 40 DEG C of compost fermentations 30 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 45%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 20KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 4
A kind of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:32 parts of straw, 20 parts of vinasse, 24 parts of cotton seed hulls, kitchen Remaining 19 parts of waste grease, 14 parts of bacteria residue, 2 parts of land plaster, 4 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
Wherein, straw is straw, cornstalk by weight 1:1:1 mixes;Bacteria residue is the bacteria residue after cultivation flat mushroom.
A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, 20 mesh sieves are crossed, straw powder is obtained;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, made aqueous Amount inflammation 60%, 30 DEG C of compost fermentations 40 days, must become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls mixture Water content be 45%, the radiation sterilization of cobalt -60, dose of radiation is 10KGY, is produced.
Embodiment 5
By the cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix obtained by implementation 1-4 compared with Common ganoderma lucidum cultivation matrix, pollution rate is reduced respectively 17%th, 14%, 19%, 15%, ganoderma polyoses content is respectively increased 12%, 9%, 11%, 10%.
Above-described embodiment is only one of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, should not be taken to limit the protection model of the present invention Enclose, as long as the present invention body design thought and mentally make have no the change of essential meaning or polishing, it is solved Technical problem it is still consistent with the present invention, should be included in protection scope of the present invention within.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is weighed by weight, and the raw material includes the component of following parts by weight:30-40 parts of straw, vinasse 12-25 Part, 12-30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 15-30 parts of food waste waste grease, 5-25 parts of bacteria residue, 1-5 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 2-10 Part;
Step 2:By the straw crushing, sieving obtains straw powder;
Step 3:The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, compost fermentation is obtained Become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer;
Step 4:It is well mixed after the land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer are crushed, sieved with the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, controls containing for mixture Water, sterilizing, is produced.
2. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is former in the step 1 Material includes the component of following parts by weight:32-36 parts of straw, 15-20 parts of vinasse, 17-24 parts of cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease 19- 22 parts, 14-20 parts of bacteria residue, 2-4 parts of land plaster, 4-7 parts of phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer.
3. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In the step 1, straw 35 parts of bar, 16 parts of vinasse, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, 20 parts of food waste waste grease, 18 parts of bacteria residue, 3 parts of land plaster, phosphorus magnesium K composite fertilizer 6 Part.
4. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Mistake in the step 2 The screen cloth of sieve is 20-40 mesh.
5. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Will in the step 3 The straw powder, vinasse, cotton seed hulls, food waste waste grease and bacteria residue are mixed with water, and make water content inflammation 50-70%.
6. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Heap in the step 3 The condition of fertilizer fermentation is fermented 20-40 days for 30-50 DEG C.
7. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Mistake in the step 4 The screen cloth of sieve is 20-40 mesh.
8. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The mixture contains Water is 45-60%.
9. a kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:It is described sterilizing for cobalt- 60 radiation sterilization, dose of radiation is 10-20KGY.
CN201710443440.8A 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 A kind of preparation method of cultivation of glossy ganoderma matrix CN107188643A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108605812A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-10-02 成都众宜坊农业开发有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the special seedling medium of citrus

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
谭伟等: "《灵芝生物学及生产新技术》", 30 April 2007, 中国农业科学技术出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108605812A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-10-02 成都众宜坊农业开发有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the special seedling medium of citrus

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Application publication date: 20170922