CN107047261A - A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107047261A
CN107047261A CN201710297813.5A CN201710297813A CN107047261A CN 107047261 A CN107047261 A CN 107047261A CN 201710297813 A CN201710297813 A CN 201710297813A CN 107047261 A CN107047261 A CN 107047261A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cape jasmine
plant
feeding box
implantation methods
water
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Pending
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CN201710297813.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏小华
张念党
苏廷
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DAOZHEN AUTONOMOUS COUNTY MAOFENG CHINESE MEDICINAL MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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DAOZHEN AUTONOMOUS COUNTY MAOFENG CHINESE MEDICINAL MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710297813.5A priority Critical patent/CN107047261A/en
Publication of CN107047261A publication Critical patent/CN107047261A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cape jasmine implantation methods in cape jasmine field of planting, including nursery, site preparation, plant, management, pest control procedures, water-filling is entered using kickboard and plants nursery, using the Feeding box of semi-annular shape, the bottom of Feeding box sets charging aperture, the structure of charge pipe is set to carry out auxiliary plantation to plant in charging aperture, beneficial to plant uniform of application, water, promote cape jasmine plant healthy growth, the probability for suffering from yellows caused by inequality of applying fertilizer is reduced, the attenuation rate of yield after being conducive to improving the yield of cape jasmine and planting for many years.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine
Technical field
The present invention relates to cape jasmine field of planting, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine.
Background technology
Cape jasmine also known as fructus gardeniae, water cape jasmine, like it is with the humid air, like sour environment, it is manurial-philous, good sunlight but be not amenable to sun Light acute irradiation, fruit and complete stool can people's medicines.Continued to develop with the improvement of people ' s living standards with science, it is various natural Phytochrome is replacing mineral synthetic dyestuff.Cape jasmine is the top grade of extracting natural phytochrome, there is good medical value And economic value.Cape jasmine is drought-enduring resistance to lean, thick raw easily long;In the case of general cultivation management, the germination rate of seed is relatively low, seedling Process that is very different, need to being chosen seeds by breeding, the transplant planting after seed selection breeding, Second Year is yielded positive results after field planting, is had Certain yield, enters after 3 years and declines term, per mu yield declines year by year.It is peasant's industry restructuring to plant cape jasmine, increase income Effective way.But existing cape jasmine is planted in terms of planting density, the methods of cultivation, fertilizer application, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control The operational procedure of standard is not formed, and fertilising is frequently with soil application by cave, and fertilizer absorbs few, and fertilizer absorbs uneven, easily Potassium deficiency, phosphorus, magnesium, the nitrogen of cape jasmine caused by inequality of applying fertilizer etc. is caused to produce yellows.So that with 0.07 hectare annual production year by year under Drop, it is impossible to carry out a large amount of cape jasmines plantation of inexpensive high yield, it is impossible to for cape jasmine medicine production high-quality is provided, it is safe and stable Medicine source.
The content of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine, absorb uneven to solve fertilizer in existing cape jasmine planting process Even the problem of.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, basic technology scheme of the invention is as follows:A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine, including nursery, Site preparation, plant, management, pest control procedures, nursery step include:
A, clip cape jasmine half-mature branch then, look for one piece of kickboard, some stepped holes are opened up in kickboard, adjacent stepped hole 0.5 meter of spacing between center, the Feeding box of two semi-circular shape of clamping in stepped hole, the bottom even of Feeding box is distributed with some Charging aperture, the middle part of two Feeding boxs forms up big and down small bellmouth, and the cape jasmine branch of clip is inserted in bellmouth;
B, kickboard is placed on the water surface, control water temperature is at 18~25 DEG C;
Site preparation step includes:
C, selection of land, make the plantation of level after hilly and mountainous land selects more fertile soil, hillside fields on the sunny side, out-of-the-way mountain area, overall site preparation Band, every 0.5 meter of one band, 1.5 to 2 meters of bandwidth;
D, digging cave, dig every 0.5 meter on growth belt and plant a plant hole, often spread manuer in holes 0.5 to 1 kilogram of organic fertilizer and calcium magnesium phosphate, Vertical in a ring in per cave to insert charge pipe, feed 0.1~0.3 meter of pipe range, and charge pipe is provided with some small openings, charge pipe upper end Basset;
It is carried at growth belt, kickboard is placed on growth belt, stepped hole after kickboard is picked up from water in plant step Alignment kind plant hole, removes Feeding box, and seedling is planted in kind of plant hole and earthed up, then Feeding box is installed in stepped hole, charge pipe Upper end insertion Feeding box on charging aperture in.
This programme advantage is:1st, using water cutting method, ensure that cuttage branch can obtain water source and the illumination of abundance, breeding Cape jasmine branch survival rate is higher, the carrier that kickboard had both been bred as water cutting, can position and align as seedling during field-transplanting again Device, makes the seedling after transplanting retain suitable spacing, is conducive to growth of seedling;2nd, Feeding box enters when water cutting is bred to seedling Charge pipe, can first be embedded in kind of plant hole, during transplanting again by row positioning after transplanting as the port watered, applied fertilizer before transplanting Alignment insertion charging aperture, Feeding box is poured into during fertilising by solution, and annular spread charge pipe can be into the soil around seedling It is even to apply fertilizer, water, while carrying out retain water and nutrients so that seedling is solved caused by inequality of applying fertilizer is to plant strain growth by fertile uniform Harmful effect.
Preferred scheme one, based on scheme a kind of improvement, in step D, small opening is opened in the lower half of charge pipe, plus The first half of expects pipe opens up the joint-cutting of radial direction., can be by charge pipe upper end tube wall after so the upper end of charge pipe enters in Feeding box Outward bending forms radial card article, is easy to charge pipe being positioned in Feeding box.
In a kind of improvement of preferred scheme two, preferably one, step D, vermiculite and carbon slag are filled in charge pipe. Exist in vermiculite and carbon slag compared with concrete dynamic modulus, moisture and solution can be cached so that retain water and nutrients effect is more preferable.
Water is rotatably connected at the top of Feeding box in a kind of improvement of preferred scheme three, preferably two, step A Groove and cover plate, cover plate are located at the outside of tank, and tank and cover plate are semi-annular.The tank for rotating connection can be to charging aperture Blocked, summer tank keeps plant to be in moist environment after being filled with water by the evaporation of water, beneficial to growth, winter kickboard, Feeding box can be incubated to plant root, prevent frostbite.
A kind of improvement of preferred scheme four, preferably three, management process includes weeding fertilising and pruning, removed Straw bag includes annual 4~June and each weeding of 8~September is loosened the soil 1 time, and nearly cave is shallow when loosening the soil, and remote cave is deep.The promotion root system that so loosens the soil is exhaled Inhale, beneficial to the growth of seedling.
A kind of improvement of preferred scheme five, preferably four, fertilising includes applying urea 15g every plant of April or people of becoming thoroughly decomposed 18000~22500kg/hm of animal manure water2, add 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate to spray blade face, late June and August with 0.15% borax May It is each once that every plant of the first tenday period of a month apply nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 0.25kg;Tank and cover plate are rotated during fertilising, fertilizers with water is mixed into liquid After pour into Feeding box.Applying urea April contributes to plant to send out branch and pregnant flower bud, and fertilising in May promotes plant blossom, June and August fertilising Promote fruit development and bud differentiation, applied fertilizer by Feeding box more uniform.
Entered in a kind of improvement of preferred scheme six, preferably five, management process in summer by Feeding box within every 7 days Row is once watered, and water is filled in the backward tank that waters every time.Summer gives plant sufficient moisture, passes through tank reclaimed water after watering Be evaporated to plant build moistening environment, beneficial to plant strain growth.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of kickboard and Feeding box in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of charge pipe in the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Kickboard 1, Feeding box 2, charge pipe 3, tank 4, cover plate 5.
Embodiment is substantially as shown in Figure 1:A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine, including nursery, site preparation, plant, management, disease pest Evil prevents and treats step:
Nursery:Clip cape jasmine half-mature branch then, the kickboard 1 of rectangle is made of cystosepiment, some are opened up in kickboard 1 0.5 meter of spacing between rank hole, the center of adjacent stepped hole, the Feeding box 2 of two semi-circular shape of clamping, Feeding box 2 in stepped hole Bottom even some charging apertures are distributed with, be rotatably connected to tank 4 and cover plate 5 at the top of Feeding box 2, cover plate 5 is located at water The outside of groove 4, tank 4 and cover plate 5 are semi-annular.The middle part of two Feeding boxs 2 forms up big and down small bellmouth, will cut In the cape jasmine branch insertion bellmouth taken;Kickboard 1 is placed in water, control water temperature is at 18~25 DEG C.
Site preparation:Selection of land, makees the kind of level after hilly and mountainous land selects more fertile soil, hillside fields on the sunny side, out-of-the-way mountain area, overall site preparation Band is planted, every 0.5 meter of one band, 2 meters of bandwidth;Cave is dug, kind of a plant hole, often spread manuer in holes organic fertilizer and calcium are dug every 0.5 meter on growth belt Vertical in a ring in 1 kilogram of magnesium-phosphorus fertilizer, every cave to insert charge pipe 3, charge pipe 3 grows 0.3 meter, as shown in Fig. 2 the lower half of charge pipe 3 Portion, which is offered, fills vermiculite and carbon in the joint-cutting that ten radial directions are opened up on the tube wall of some small openings, the first half, the lower half of charge pipe 3 Basset slag, the upper end of charge pipe 3.
Plant:It is carried to after kickboard 1 is picked up from water at growth belt, kickboard 1 is placed on growth belt, stepped hole alignment Plant hole is planted, Feeding box 2 is removed, seedling is planted in kind of plant hole and earthed up, then Feeding box 2 is installed in stepped hole, charge pipe 3 In charging aperture on upper end insertion Feeding box 2.
Management:Including weeding fertilising and pruning, weeding includes annual 4~June and each weeding of 8~September is loosened the soil 1 time, Nearly cave is shallow when loosening the soil, and remote cave is deep.So loosen the soil promotion root system respiration, beneficial to the growth of seedling.Fertilising includes applying urea every plant of April 15g, May adds 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate to spray blade face with 0.15% borax, and every plant of late June and early August apply nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 0.25kg is each once;Tank 4 and cover plate 5 are rotated during fertilising, fertilizers with water is mixed into after liquid and poured into Feeding box 2.April applies Urea contributes to plant to send out branch and pregnant flower bud, and fertilising in May promotes plant blossom, and June and August fertilising promote fruit development and bud point Change, applied fertilizer by Feeding box 2 more uniform.Once watered by Feeding box 2 within every 7 days in summer, water backward water every time Water is filled in groove 4.Summer gives plant sufficient moisture, and moistening is built by the plant that is evaporated to of the reclaimed water of tank 4 after watering Environment, beneficial to plant strain growth.
In embodiment 2, the present embodiment, with embodiment 1 when differing only in fertilising by the way of soil application by cave.
In embodiment 3, the present embodiment, with embodiment 1 when differing only in nursery using traditional soil cuttage or kind Sub- seedling raising mannerses.
Traditional implantation methods are used in comparative example, this comparative example, using seed broadcasting nursery, using soil by cave during fertilising Earth applies fertilizer.
Embodiment and comparative example are subjected to contrast experiment, as a result such as following table:
Contrast visible according to upper table, the implantation methods provided using this programme plant cape jasmine, can be effectively increased seedling into Motility rate, makes plant fertilising more uniform by fertilizer using auxiliary equipment, promotes cape jasmine plant healthy growth, and reduction is made because of fertilising inequality Into the probability for suffering from yellows, the attenuation rate of yield after being conducive to improving the yield of cape jasmine and planting for many years.
Above-described is only that the known general knowledge such as concrete structure and/or characteristic is herein in embodiments of the invention, scheme Excessive description is not made.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the invention, also Several modifications and improvements can be made, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these are real all without the influence present invention The effect and practical applicability applied.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, specification In embodiment etc. record the content that can be used for explaining claim.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine, including nursery, site preparation, plant, management, pest control procedures, it is characterised in that institute Stating nursery step includes:
A, clip cape jasmine half-mature branch then, look for one piece of kickboard, some stepped holes, the center of adjacent stepped hole are opened up in kickboard Between 0.5 meter of spacing, some chargings are distributed with the Feeding box of two semi-circular shape of clamping in stepped hole, the bottom even of Feeding box Hole, the middle part of two Feeding boxs forms up big and down small bellmouth, and the cape jasmine branch of clip is inserted in bellmouth;
B, kickboard is placed on the water surface, control water temperature is at 18 ~ 25 DEG C;
The site preparation step includes:
C, selection of land, make the growth belt of level, often after hilly and mountainous land selects more fertile soil, hillside fields on the sunny side, out-of-the-way mountain area, overall site preparation Every 0.5 meter of one band, 1.5 to 2 meters of bandwidth;
D, digging cave, dig kind of a plant hole, often spread manuer in holes 0.5 to 1 kilogram of organic fertilizer and calcium magnesium phosphate, per cave on growth belt every 0.5 meter Interior vertical insertion charge pipe in a ring, feed 0.1 ~ 0.3 meter of pipe range, and charge pipe is provided with some small openings, and charge pipe upper end is exposed Ground;
It is carried at growth belt, kickboard is placed on growth belt, stepped hole after kickboard is picked up from water in the plant step Alignment kind plant hole, removes Feeding box, and seedling is planted in kind of plant hole and earthed up, then Feeding box is installed in stepped hole, charge pipe Upper end insertion Feeding box on charging aperture in.
2. the implantation methods of cape jasmine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step D, small opening is opened in charging The lower half of pipe, the first half of charge pipe opens up the joint-cutting of radial direction.
3. the implantation methods of cape jasmine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In the step D, filled in charge pipe Vermiculite and carbon slag.
4. the implantation methods of cape jasmine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:At the top of Feeding box in the step A Tank and cover plate are rotatably connected to, cover plate is located at the outside of tank, and tank and cover plate are semi-annular.
5. the implantation methods of cape jasmine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The management process include weeding fertilising and Pruning, the weeding includes annual 4 ~ June and each weeding of 8 ~ September is loosened the soil 1 time, and nearly cave is shallow when loosening the soil, and remote cave is deep.
6. the implantation methods of cape jasmine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The fertilising includes applying urea every plant of April The 15g or 18000 ~ 22500kg/hm of people and animals' liquid dung that becomes thoroughly decomposed2, add 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate hydrojet face with 0.15% borax May, 6 below the moon It is each once that every plant of ten days and early August apply nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 0.25kg;Tank and cover plate are rotated during fertilising, fertilizers with water is mixed Poured into after into liquid in Feeding box.
7. the implantation methods of cape jasmine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Every 7 days in summer in the management process Once watered by Feeding box, water is filled in the backward tank that waters every time.
CN201710297813.5A 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine Pending CN107047261A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201378974Y (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-01-13 尹桂英 Device for soil cultivation of tap root plants
CN103583340A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-19 信阳农林学院 Gardenia multi-branch floating bed water planting cuttage method
CN204259400U (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-15 石家庄鑫农机械有限公司 A kind of liquid manure mixing arrangement
CN104541731A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-04-29 张江龙 Water-fertilizer all-in-one machine
CN105191640A (en) * 2015-10-17 2015-12-30 恩施市巨鑫现代农业开发有限公司 Movable sleeve cultivation method for Chinese yam
CN106386063A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 安徽省华丰农产品专业合作社 Method for casing planting of Chinese yam

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201378974Y (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-01-13 尹桂英 Device for soil cultivation of tap root plants
CN103583340A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-02-19 信阳农林学院 Gardenia multi-branch floating bed water planting cuttage method
CN204259400U (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-15 石家庄鑫农机械有限公司 A kind of liquid manure mixing arrangement
CN104541731A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-04-29 张江龙 Water-fertilizer all-in-one machine
CN105191640A (en) * 2015-10-17 2015-12-30 恩施市巨鑫现代农业开发有限公司 Movable sleeve cultivation method for Chinese yam
CN106386063A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 安徽省华丰农产品专业合作社 Method for casing planting of Chinese yam

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Application publication date: 20170818

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