CN106966770A - A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106966770A
CN106966770A CN201710234797.5A CN201710234797A CN106966770A CN 106966770 A CN106966770 A CN 106966770A CN 201710234797 A CN201710234797 A CN 201710234797A CN 106966770 A CN106966770 A CN 106966770A
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China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
parts
fertilizer
raw
ferment
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CN201710234797.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏亚平
陈晋銮
徐会连
薛鹏飞
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Shandong Bohua Highly-Efficient Ecological And Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Bohua Highly-Efficient Ecological And Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710234797.5A priority Critical patent/CN106966770A/en
Publication of CN106966770A publication Critical patent/CN106966770A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/04Double-superphosphate; Triple-superphosphate; Other fertilisers based essentially on monocalcium phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention belongs to field of microbial fermentation, there is provided a kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect, this method is using the inferior fruit in agricultural production, shedding, pomace, vegetables straw the like waste as raw material, the material such as garlic and sorbierite is added in formula, a kind of ferment fertilizer with protection effect is finally obtained using the mode repeatedly fermented, the bacterial manure obtained has good ecological benefits.The ferment fertilizer of invention production has that living bacteria count is high, nutrition is balanced, abundant, action effect substantially, the features such as have a safety feature, the effect with diseases prevention, desinsection expelling parasite can alleviate harm of the pathogenic bacteria to crop.

Description

A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect
Technical field
The invention belongs to biological fermentation field, a kind of making side of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect is specifically provided Method.
Background technology
The volume increase of current agricultural generally relies on chemical fertilizer, on the one hand can cause environmental pollution, and in fact current rural area face source is dirty Dye is quite serious, as intractable problem, on the other hand can also influence the quality of agricultural product.After China's entry into the WTO, " green organic barrier " also turns into the significant obstacle of agricultural product foreign export.Therefore, people gradually recognize, are using chemical fertilizer While, it is necessary to the use ratio of organic fertilizer is improved, increases soil organic matter content, the original soil fertility in soil is improved constantly, especially To the economic class crop such as vegetables, melon and fruit, tobacco, manure use material can increase production, and energy improving quality, play protecting ecology The effect of environment.As country is to the ecological agriculture and the demand of Agricultural Sustainable Development, and global pollution-free food production and The rise of consumption, develops green non-poisonous bio-feritlizer into upsurge.
Microbial manure refers to that a class is rich in the biological products of effective active microorganism, is made by the improving action of microorganism The growing environment of thing, nutritional condition, the conversion of nutrient, and suppress harmful microbe bioactivity to play its specific fertilizer Expect effect.Current microbial manure is divided into two major classes, and a class is to increase plant by the vital movement of microorganism contained by fertilizer The supply of thing nutrient, improves the nutrition condition of plant;Another kind of is the auxin produced using contained microorganism Promote Plant To Nutrient element absorption and utilization, or antagonism pathogenic microorganism pathogenic effects mitigate crops pest and disease damage And make the increase of its yield.
Bio-feritlizer large scale investment application mainly have root nodule mushroom fertilizer, nitrogen-fixing bacteria fertilizer, phosphorous bacterial fertilizer, Silicates fertilizer and VA mycorrhizal fungis fertilizer and composite microbiological fertilizer, in addition also China initiates " 5406 " bacterium Fertilizer, azospirillum and plant growth-promoting rhizosphere bacteria (PGPR) etc..In recent years, enzyme microb fertilizer is because it contains active micro- life Thing, microbial metabolic products and several mineral materials, can reduce fertilizer and pesticide and absorb and dissolving cured phosphorus, potassium and micro member Element, can also increase the content of the available nutrient of soil, so being chosen as preferable green fertilizer.But microbial manure has life The features such as cost is higher, process is complicated is produced, and the microbial manure action effect cycle is longer, does not often have in a short time Obvious effect;Simultaneously bio-feritlizer for plant disease-resistant performance influence it is limited, it is impossible to limited raising plant it is disease-resistant and anti- Insect pest performance, must carry out aid in treatment, this is actually still unable to reach No-harmful apple orchard while using using agricultural chemicals Purpose.
China is to produce one of major country of fruit and vegetable in the world, and the total output of annual fruits and vegetables is up to 1,000,000,000 tons.In life There are many inferior fruits, shedding during production.In addition pomace, vegetables straw etc. are not all utilized effectively, or even abandoning of having Make rubbish, pollute environment, how to comprehensively utilize this part resource as another question urgently to be resolved hurrily.
The content of the invention
There is provided a kind of ferment fertilizer with protection effect and its making for deficiency of the invention for the presence of above-mentioned technology Method, this method adds big using the inferior fruit in agricultural production, shedding, pomace, vegetables straw the like waste as raw material in formula The material such as garlic and sorbierite, is finally obtained a kind of ferment fertilizer with protection effect using the mode repeatedly fermented, is obtained The bacterial manure obtained has good ecological benefits.The ferment fertilizer of invention production has living bacteria count height, nutrition balanced, rich Rich, action effect substantially, the features such as have a safety feature, the effect with diseases prevention, desinsection expelling parasite can alleviate pathogenic bacteria to crop Harm.
The present inventor in fact provides a kind of ferment fertilizer, is a kind of new liquid biological fertilizer, has The fast dual characteristicses of gentle, the free from environmental pollution and traditional inorganic fertilizer action effect of microbial manure action effect.Using inferior fruit, The resources such as the cull fruits such as shedding, the stalk of fruits and vegetables, fermenting and producing ferment fertilizer advantageously reduces environmental pollution and the wasting of resources, And the usage amount of industrial crops agricultural chemicals is reduced, green planting is realized in quickening, and ecologic planting and health are planted, and have filled up this area Blank;
Maximum difference is that with prior art, employ fresh garlic in the present invention and sorbierite be added to it is secondary In fermentation, wherein allicin has obvious sterilization, bacteriostasis, has suppression to a variety of coccuses, bacillus, fungi, virus etc. Or killing action.Allicin has significantly to various pathogens such as staphylococcus, meningitis, Diplococcus pneumopniae, streptococcus etc. Suppress or killing action.In the present invention, after fresh garlic undergoes microbial fermentation process, the allicin in garlic can be dissolved into In fertilizer system, and in activated state.Garlic has penetrating odor simultaneously, and biological expelling parasite can be played to a certain extent Effect;And sorbierite used at the same time can promote the stabilization of whole fertilizer system, chelating organic matter and various middle trace elements, Promote the absorption of various elements, what is more important sorbierite and the allicin of dissolution in fresh garlic can also form the shape of chelating Formula, it is to avoid allicin extends its service life by Quick Oxidation, while can substantially play a part of increasing effect.
The concrete technical scheme that the present invention is provided is as follows:
A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect, including it is the preparation of special fertilizer mother liquor, one time fermentation, secondary The steps such as fermentation, are comprised the following steps that:
1) prepared by ferment mother liquor:The inferior fruit of collection fruits and vegetables, shedding, fruits and vegetables stalk;
2) by step 1) obtained material carries out mashing crushing, finally obtains raw material juice in fluid state;
3) by step 2) obtained raw material is added in fermentation tank, and according to the ratio of mass percent, add following former Material:
Raw material juice:60-70%;
Molasses:5-10%;
Urea:5-10%;
Probiotics strain:3-7%;
Water:Surplus;
4) according to step 3) method, by each component addition finish, and divulge information stir;
5) fermentation tank is sealed, under normal temperature, anaerobic fermentation 4-5 days;
6) after the completion of anaerobic fermentation, open under fermentation tank, ventilation, normal temperature, carry out aerobic fermentation, 15-20 days time;
7) monitoring raw material juice pH value change at any time, when pH is dropped to below 5, terminates aerobic fermentation;
8) by step 7) fermenting raw materials liquid filtered, obtain clear liquid, that is, obtain special fertilizer mother liquor;
9) by step 8) obtained special fertilizer mother liquor is transferred in bucket, and lucifuge room temperature preservation is standby;
10) secondary fermentation
According to parts by weight, each component composition is as follows:
Special fertilizer mother liquor:80-90 parts;
Molasses:5-10 parts;
Urea:2-5 parts;
Wheat bran water:1-2 parts;
Fresh garlic:4-5 parts;
Compound amino acid (active ingredient >=98%):0.1-0.5 parts
Composite trace element (active ingredient >=98%):0.05-0.1 parts
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5-1 parts
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5-1 parts
Sorbierite (active ingredient >=98%):1-2 parts
Magnesium sulfate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5-1 parts
11) above material is proportionally added in fermentation tank, fully dissolving, and stirring;
12) by material heat temperature raising, 40-45 DEG C is reached to temperature of charge, air is passed through, 30min is sufficiently stirred for;
13) after the completion of stirring, according to the 5-10% of material cumulative volume, probiotics strain is added, inoculation is completed, air is opened Stirring, time 30-60min;
14) step 13) after the completion of, fermentation tank is sealed, temperature control is in 40-45 DEG C, anaerobic fermentation 24-36h;
15) step 14 is completed) after, fermentation tank is opened, 30min is stirred in ventilation, and temperature control is in 25-30 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 4-5 days, until one layer of white mycoderm occurs in zymotic fluid top layer;
16) occur after white mycoderm, zymotic fluid is poured out into bucket from fermentation tank, lucifuge room temperature preservation, no It is tight with the lid sealing bucket, a fixed gap is left, afterripening fermentation process is carried out;
17) detection pH changes, treat that pH is down to less than 3.5, afterripening fermentation is completed, and ferment fertilizer completes.
Wherein described fruits and vegetables inferior fruit, shedding, the requirement of stalk be without significantly rotting, it is rotten, while stalk will The fresh stalk of Seeking Truth, comprising cauline leaf, water content is more than 40%;So greatly expand the utilization model to discarded object Enclose;
The above-mentioned material of general control has been added when in use simultaneously, and wherein fruits and vegetables stalk adding proportion general control exists Below 20wt%, so may insure the equilibrium of various nutriments in whole raw material, be conducive to the growth of later stage culture, together When can ensure mashing after finally be in fluid state, facilitate subsequent fermentations;
Described probiotics liquid spawn is purchased from Sino-Japan joint Linyi Yikang organic agriculture Technology Park for profit Kang Yuan EM stostes Co., Ltd;
Step 7) in if aerobic fermentation was by 20 days, pH value is still not up to less than 5, still terminates aerobic fermentation process, To ensure ferment effect;
The step 10) in wheat bran water be:Wheat bran is soaked according to the warm water of 5 times of wheat bran volumes 5-6 hours, takes supernatant ;Why use wheat bran water, be because wheat bran in containing microorganism start growth and breeding necessary to nutriment, including Amino acid, vitamin, growth factor etc., and by above-mentioned warm water immersion after wheat bran water in it is that this moieties are completely molten Go out, the effect for the breeding for starting microorganism within the most short time can be reached, therefore inventor is preferred to use above-mentioned parts by weight Wheat bran water add.
The trace element and amino acid are all finished product of the buying from market, such as:Compound amino acid supplier is Chengdu ammonia Base acid chelating Bioisystech Co., Ltd, is 18 kinds of compound amino acid compound powder products, and content is >=98%;It is combined micro member The composite trace element that plain supplier provides for U.S. North America Chemical Group, content is >=99%;The supplier of potassium dihydrogen phosphate For Guangzhou Run Zhan Chemical Co., Ltd.s, content >=98%;The supplier of calcium dihydrogen phosphate is that Zhengzhou east is limited up to chemical products Company, content >=98%;The supplier of magnesium sulfate is Guan Bo chemical products Co., Ltd of Pingdingshan City, content >=98%;Sorb Alcohol active ingredient >=98%, supplier is Hua Tian sugar alcohols Co., Ltd of Shouguang City:
Compared with Water soluble fertilizer and microbial-bacterial fertilizer that existing normal fermentation is produced, the characteristics of present invention has following:
1st, raw material is selected:The raw material of the selection of ferment fertilizer of the present invention with protection effect is all the material of fruits and vegetables itself Material, according to law of conservation of energy and the theory of natural farming, these are all the raw materials of most worthy, on the other hand from referring now to Come, fruit/vegetable waste is used as ferment fertilizer without effectively using conversely more causing waste by the use of fruit/vegetable waste Raw material is our optimal selections;The cost greatlyd save than prior art, while realizing waste's reclamation, is improved Its added value;
2nd, fermentation process:Fermentation process of the present invention is 2 fermentations, and this is the difference maximum with this area, This area normally only uses one time fermentation mode, and the advantage of secondary fermentation be the nutritional ingredient of different shape to be passed through it is micro- The small molecule form that biological action breaks can absorb into root system of plant;The advantage of another aspect is exactly to pass through secondary fermentation Technology, by the secondary inorganic raw material added, such as potassium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesium sulfate raw material pass through the metabolism of microorganism Effect, transforms into amino acid active material, is amino acid chelate activated state by inorganic constituents activation, neither contaminated soil, The physical characteristic of soil is not destroyed, can be quickly absorbed and used by plants again;There is no above-mentioned substance during one time fermentation simultaneously, it is to avoid Adverse effect of the above-mentioned inorganic matter to one time fermentation;
3rd, complex microbial community is make use of, during spontaneous fermentation, by open fermentation process, by aerobic And anaerobic fermentation process, the abundant microorganism species in nature can be bred in liquid fertilizer system, difference can be accomplished Probiotics mutualism, have a great advantage using single microflora fermentation than prior art, and selected compound micro- Biological flora is the optimal flora selected after long-term a large amount of trials;
4th, finished product low ph value ensures effect:The pH of finished product ferment fertilizer is in 4.0 or so, this environment except institute of the present invention Outside the profitable strain of acquisition can survive, pathogenic bacteria and pathogen are all unable to normal life, can effectively suppress the growth of miscellaneous bacteria, it is ensured that The advantage of microorganism species;Be conducive to the application in later stage, while soil improvement can be carried out to the saline and alkaline soil in part;
5th, the control of temperature:Temperature control during the fermentation, different fermentation temperatures, mesh are used in the different stages Be exactly to ensure the optimum growth temp of microorganism, it is ensured that its growth activity.
Ferment fertilizer provided by the present invention with protection effect, it is impossible to used as base manure, applies in general to field planting The scarce symptom watering, topdress, changing plant afterwards, improves crop quality.Simultaneously this product can not with chemical fertilizer one piece use, Because chemical fertilizer has higher osmotic potential, the action effect of this product can be suppressed after this product is mixed.
In summary, this law is bright provides a kind of ferment fertilizer with protection effect and preparation method thereof, this method with Inferior fruit, shedding, pomace, vegetables straw the like waste in agricultural production are raw material, and garlic and sorbierite etc. are added in formula Material, a kind of ferment fertilizer with protection effect is finally obtained using the mode repeatedly fermented, and the bacterial manure obtained has Good ecological benefits.The ferment fertilizer of invention production has that living bacteria count is high, nutrition is balanced, abundant, action effect is bright The features such as showing, have a safety feature, the effect with diseases prevention, desinsection expelling parasite can alleviate harm of the pathogenic bacteria to crop.
Embodiment
The embodiment of form, does further specifically to the above of the invention by the following examples It is bright, but this should not be interpreted as to the scope of above-mentioned theme of the invention be only limitted to following example.It is all to be based on the above of the present invention The technology realized belongs to the scope of the present invention, unless otherwise specified, complete using conventional prior in following embodiments Into.
Embodiment 1
A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect, including it is the preparation of special fertilizer mother liquor, one time fermentation, secondary The steps such as fermentation.
1) prepared by ferment mother liquor:The inferior fruit of collection fruits and vegetables, shedding, fruits and vegetables stalk, fruits and vegetables straw content are above-mentioned discarded object 20wt%;
2) by step 1) obtained material carries out mashing crushing, finally in fluid state;
3) by step 2) obtained raw material is added in fermentation tank, and according to the ratio of mass percent, add following former Material:
Raw material juice:65%
Molasses:6%;
Urea:5%;
Probiotics strain:3%;
Water:Surplus;
4) according to step 3) method, by each component addition finish, and divulge information stir;
5) fermentation tank is sealed, under normal temperature, anaerobic fermentation 4 days;
6) after the completion of anaerobic fermentation, open under fermentation tank, ventilation, normal temperature, carry out aerobic fermentation, 15 days time;
7) monitoring raw material juice pH value change at any time, when pH is dropped to below 5, terminates aerobic fermentation;If aerobic fermentation is arrived 20 days, pH value was still not up to less than 5, still terminates aerobic fermentation process;
8) by step 7) fermenting raw materials liquid filtered, obtain clear liquid, that is, obtain we needs ferment fertilizer mother Liquid;
9) by step 8) obtained ferment fertilizer mother liquor is transferred in bucket, and lucifuge room temperature preservation is standby;
10) secondary fermentation
According to parts by weight, each component composition is as follows:
Special fertilizer mother liquor:83.9 parts
Molasses:5 parts
Urea:2 parts
Wheat bran water:1 part (the wheat bran water is that wheat bran is placed in the warm water of 5 times of wheat bran volumes to soak 5-6 hours, is taken Clear liquid)
Fresh garlic:5 parts;
Compound amino acid (active ingredient >=98%):0.5 part
Composite trace element (active ingredient >=98%):0.1 part
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5 part
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5 part
Magnesium sulfate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5 part
Sorbierite (active ingredient >=98%):1 part
11) above material is proportionally added in fermentation tank, fully dissolving, and stirring;
12) by material heat temperature raising, 40 DEG C is reached to temperature of charge, air is passed through, 30min is sufficiently stirred for;
13) after the completion of stirring, according to the 5% of material cumulative volume, probiotics strain is added, inoculation is completed, opened air and stir Mix, time 30min;
14) step 13) after the completion of, fermentation tank is sealed, temperature control is in 40 DEG C, anaerobic fermentation 24h;
15) step 14 is completed) after, open fermentation tank, ventilation stirring 30min, temperature control is at 25 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 4 days, Until one layer of white mycoderm occurs in zymotic fluid top layer;
16) occur after white mycoderm, zymotic fluid is poured out into bucket from fermentation tank, lucifuge room temperature preservation, no It is tight with the lid sealing bucket, a fixed gap is left, afterripening fermentation process is carried out;
17) detection pH changes, treat that pH is down to less than 3.5, afterripening fermentation is completed, and ferment fertilizer completes;
The ferment fertilizer that the present invention is obtained, its content of beary metal Hg=0.35mg/kg, As=1.85mg/kg, Cd= 0.17mg/kg, Pb=3.05mg/kg, Cr=5.3mg/kg;Living bacteria count=2.8 hundred million/ml, total nutrient=5.9% is micro Nutrient=0.32%, the content of organic matter=250g/L, Allicin Content=0.008mmol/L.It can be seen that above-mentioned ferment fertilizer Content of beary metal be significantly lower than national Specification scope, meet the requirement of product, its living bacteria count reaches 2.8 Hundred million/ml, illustrates and the ferment fertilizer of the invention made has exceeded China in the content of microorganism《Agricultural microbial agent》's Standard, illustrates that the product just has obvious advantage on living bacteria count.Secondly, other indexs of the product are also completely in country Within the scope of defined related Water soluble fertilizer, illustrate that the combination property of this product meets the requirement of country.
Allicin Content is 0.008mmol/L in bacterial manure provided by the present invention simultaneously, because allicin is a kind of sulfur-bearing Organic matter, there is certain inhibitory action for pathogenic bacteria and insect, while improving the immunocompetence of itself of crop, carry High resistivity of the crop to external source adverse circumstance.Bacterial manure system provided by the present invention also overcomes allicin and easily aoxidized simultaneously The drawbacks of, maintain its bioactivity.
Embodiment 2
A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect, including it is the preparation of special fertilizer mother liquor, one time fermentation, secondary The steps such as fermentation.
1) prepared by ferment mother liquor:The inferior fruit of collection fruits and vegetables, shedding, fruits and vegetables stalk, fruits and vegetables straw content are above-mentioned discarded object 15wt%;
2) by step 1) obtained material carries out mashing crushing, finally in fluid state;
3) by step 2) obtained raw material is added in fermentation tank, and according to the ratio of mass percent, add following former Material:
Raw material juice:68%
Molasses:8%;
Urea:6%;
Probiotics strain:4%;
Water:Surplus;
4) according to step 3) method, by each component addition finish, and divulge information stir;
5) fermentation tank is sealed, under normal temperature, anaerobic fermentation 4 days;
6) after the completion of anaerobic fermentation, open under fermentation tank, ventilation, normal temperature, carry out aerobic fermentation, 16 days time;
7) monitoring raw material juice pH value change at any time, when pH is dropped to below 5, terminates aerobic fermentation;If aerobic fermentation is arrived 20 days, pH value was still not up to less than 5, still terminates aerobic fermentation process;
8) by step 7) fermenting raw materials liquid filtered, obtain clear liquid, that is, obtain we needs ferment fertilizer mother Liquid;
9) by step 8) obtained ferment fertilizer mother liquor is transferred in bucket, and lucifuge room temperature preservation is standby;
10) secondary fermentation
According to parts by weight, each component composition is as follows:
Special fertilizer mother liquor:83.8 parts
Molasses:6 parts
Urea:2 parts
Wheat bran water:1 part (the wheat bran water is that wheat bran is placed in the warm water of 5 times of wheat bran volumes to soak 5-6 hours, is taken Clear liquid)
Fresh garlic:4 parts;
Compound amino acid (active ingredient >=98%):0.5 part
Composite trace element (active ingredient >=98%):0.05 part
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5 part
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.65 part
Magnesium sulfate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5 part
Sorbierite (active ingredient >=98%):1 part
11) above material is proportionally added in fermentation tank, fully dissolving, and stirring;
12) by material heat temperature raising, 42 DEG C is reached to temperature of charge, air is passed through, 30min is sufficiently stirred for;
13) after the completion of stirring, according to the 6% of material cumulative volume, probiotics strain is added, inoculation is completed, opened air and stir Mix, time 30min;
14) step 13) after the completion of, fermentation tank is sealed, temperature control is in 40 DEG C, anaerobic fermentation 24h;
15) step 14 is completed) after, open fermentation tank, ventilation stirring 30min, temperature control is at 25 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 4 days, Until one layer of white mycoderm occurs in zymotic fluid top layer;
16) occur after white mycoderm, zymotic fluid is poured out into bucket from fermentation tank, lucifuge room temperature preservation, no It is tight with the lid sealing bucket, a fixed gap is left, afterripening fermentation process is carried out;
17) detection pH changes, treat that pH is down to less than 3.5, afterripening fermentation is completed, and ferment fertilizer completes;
The ferment fertilizer that the present invention is obtained, its content of beary metal Hg=0.35mg/kg, As=1.2mg/kg, Cd= 0.21mg/kg, Pb=3.54mg/kg, Cr=6.2mg/kg;Living bacteria count=3.2 hundred million/ml, total nutrient=5.6% is micro Nutrient=0.46%, the content of organic matter=280g/L, Allicin Content=0.007mmol/L.
It can be seen that the standard of its related Water soluble fertilizer for meeting national regulation as the bacterial manure obtained in embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect, including it is the preparation of special fertilizer mother liquor, one time fermentation, secondary The steps such as fermentation:
1) prepared by ferment mother liquor:The inferior fruit of collection fruits and vegetables, shedding, fruits and vegetables stalk, fruits and vegetables straw content are above-mentioned discarded object 10wt%;
2) by step 1) obtained material carries out mashing crushing, finally in fluid state;
3) by step 2) obtained raw material is added in fermentation tank, and according to the ratio of mass percent, add following former Material:
Raw material juice::70%
Molasses:10%;
Urea:5%;
Probiotics strain:7%;
Water:Surplus;
4) according to step 3) method, by each component addition finish, and divulge information stir;
5) fermentation tank is sealed, under normal temperature, anaerobic fermentation 5 days;
6) after the completion of anaerobic fermentation, open under fermentation tank, ventilation, normal temperature, carry out aerobic fermentation, 15 days time;
7) monitoring raw material juice pH value change at any time, when pH is dropped to below 5, terminates aerobic fermentation;If aerobic fermentation is arrived 20 days, pH value was still not up to less than 5, still terminates aerobic fermentation process;
8) by step 7) fermenting raw materials liquid filtered, obtain clear liquid, that is, obtain we needs ferment fertilizer mother Liquid;
9) by step 8) obtained ferment fertilizer mother liquor is transferred in bucket, and lucifuge room temperature preservation is standby;
10) secondary fermentation
According to parts by weight, each component composition is as follows:
Special fertilizer mother liquor:80.4 parts
Molasses:7 parts
Urea:2 parts
Wheat bran water:2 parts (the wheat bran water is that wheat bran is placed in the warm water of 5 times of wheat bran volumes to soak 5-6 hours, is taken Clear liquid)
Fresh garlic:5 parts;
Compound amino acid (active ingredient >=98%):0.5 part
Composite trace element (active ingredient >=98%):0.05 part
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.5 part
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate (active ingredient >=80%):0.55 part
Sorbierite (active ingredient >=98%):1 part
Magnesium sulfate (active ingredient >=80%):1 part
11) above material is proportionally added in fermentation tank, fully dissolving, and stirring;
12) by material heat temperature raising, 45 DEG C is reached to temperature of charge, air is passed through, 30min is sufficiently stirred for;
13) after the completion of stirring, according to the 10% of material cumulative volume, probiotics strain is added, inoculation is completed, opened air and stir Mix, time 30min;
14) step 13) after the completion of, fermentation tank is sealed, temperature control is in 45 DEG C, anaerobic fermentation 24h;
15) step 14 is completed) after, open fermentation tank, ventilation stirring 45min, temperature control is at 25 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 4 days, Until one layer of white mycoderm occurs in zymotic fluid top layer;
16) occur after white mycoderm, zymotic fluid is poured out into bucket from fermentation tank, lucifuge room temperature preservation, no It is tight with the lid sealing bucket, a fixed gap is left, afterripening fermentation process is carried out;
17) detection pH changes, treat that pH is down to less than 3.5, afterripening fermentation is completed, and ferment fertilizer completes;
The ferment fertilizer that the present invention is obtained, its content of beary metal Hg=0.25mg/kg, As=1.5mg/kg, Cd= 0.15mg/kg, Pb=3.25mg/kg, Cr=5.2mg/kg;Living bacteria count=5.4 hundred million/ml, total nutrient=4.5% is micro Nutrient=0.46%, the content of organic matter=256g/L, Allicin Content=0.009mmol/L.
It can be seen that the standard of its related Water soluble fertilizer for meeting national regulation as the bacterial manure obtained in embodiment 1,2.Experiment Example
The ferment fertilizer obtained using embodiment 1 carries out field experiment, and control group is planted for normal conventional, is planted in greenhouse Tomato, it is as a result as follows:
Embodiment 1 has the ferment fertilizer operational version (1.2 mu of green house of vegetables) of protection effect
Control group is planted for normal conventional, the liquid biological produced using Beijing Century Aims Biotechnology Co., Ltd Bacterial manure.
The incidence of disease is contrasted:
It can be seen that the ferment fertilizer produced by the invention with protection effect is protruded in protection effect, experiment can be significantly reduced The incidence of disease of canopy, it is ensured that fruits and vegetables yield, while the regeneration of a variety of discarded agricultural resources is realized, while allicin is improved Plant plays the effect of sterilization to the defence capability of disease, reduces the plant incidence of disease, and the effect of sorbierite is then for each A kind of synergist of nutrient is planted, the autoimmunity ability of crop can be improved indirectly, the resistance of crop is improved.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect, it is characterised in that:Prepared, once including special fertilizer mother liquor Fermentation, secondary fermentation, are comprised the following steps that:
1) prepared by ferment mother liquor:The inferior fruit of collection fruits and vegetables, shedding, fruits and vegetables stalk;
2) by step 1) obtained material carries out mashing crushing, finally obtains raw material juice in fluid state;
3) by step 2) obtained raw material is added in fermentation tank, and according to the ratio of mass percent, add the following raw material:
Raw material juice:60-70%;
Molasses:5-10%;
Urea:5-10%;
Probiotics strain:3-7%;
Water:Surplus;
4) according to step 3) method, by each component addition finish, and divulge information stir;
5) fermentation tank is sealed, under normal temperature, anaerobic fermentation 4-5 days;
6) after the completion of anaerobic fermentation, open under fermentation tank, ventilation, normal temperature, carry out aerobic fermentation, 15-20 days time;
7) monitoring raw material juice pH value change at any time, when pH is dropped to below 5, terminates aerobic fermentation;
8) by step 7) fermenting raw materials liquid filtered, obtain clear liquid, that is, obtain special fertilizer mother liquor;
9) by step 8) obtained special fertilizer mother liquor is transferred in bucket, and lucifuge room temperature preservation is standby;
10) secondary fermentation
According to parts by weight, each component composition is as follows:
Special fertilizer mother liquor:80-90 parts;
Molasses:5-10 parts;
Urea:2-5 parts;
Wheat bran water:1-2 parts;
Fresh garlic:4-5 parts;
Compound amino acid:0.1-0.5 parts;
Composite trace element:0.05-0.1 parts;
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate:0.5-1 parts;
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate:0.5-1 parts
Sorbierite:1-2 parts;
Magnesium sulfate:0.5-1 parts;
11) above material is proportionally added in fermentation tank, fully dissolving, and stirring;
12) by material heat temperature raising, 40-45 DEG C is reached to temperature of charge, air is passed through, 30min is sufficiently stirred for;
13) after the completion of stirring, according to the 5-10% of material cumulative volume, probiotics strain is added, inoculation is completed, opened air and stir Mix, time 30-60min;
14) step 13) after the completion of, fermentation tank is sealed, temperature control is in 40-45 DEG C, anaerobic fermentation 24-36h;
15) step 14 is completed) after, fermentation tank is opened, 30min is stirred in ventilation, and temperature control is in 25-30 DEG C, aerobic fermentation 4-5 My god, until one layer of white mycoderm occurs in zymotic fluid top layer;
16) occur after white mycoderm, zymotic fluid is poured out into bucket from fermentation tank, lucifuge room temperature preservation, without handle The lid sealing of bucket is tight, leaves a fixed gap, carries out afterripening fermentation process;
17) detection pH changes, treat that pH is down to less than 3.5, afterripening fermentation is completed, and ferment fertilizer completes.
2. the preparation method of the ferment fertilizer according to claim 1 with protection effect, it is characterised in that:Described benefit Raw bacterium strain is selected from probiotics liquid spawn, specially moistens Kang Yuan EM stostes purchased from Sino-Japan joint Linyi Yikang organic agriculture science and technology Garden Co., Ltd.
3. the preparation method of the ferment fertilizer according to claim 1 with protection effect, it is characterised in that:By quality point Number meter, described compound amino acid active ingredient >=98%;Composite trace element active ingredient >=98%;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate is effective Composition >=80%;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate active ingredient >=80%;Magnesium sulfate active ingredient >=80%.
4. the preparation method of the ferment fertilizer according to claim 1 with protection effect, it is characterised in that:The step 10) the wheat bran water in is:Wheat bran is soaked according to the warm water of 5 times of wheat bran volumes 5-6 hours, takes supernatant.
CN201710234797.5A 2017-04-11 2017-04-11 A kind of preparation method of the ferment fertilizer with protection effect Pending CN106966770A (en)

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CN107954758A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-04-24 安徽维力拓网络科技有限公司 Foliage organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108863531A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-11-23 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of ferment fertilizer and preparation method thereof with facilitating effects of taking root
CN108949188A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-07 佛山皖阳生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of antibacterial passivator
CN108997056A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-12-14 台沃科技集团股份有限公司 Banana multi-effect alimentation composition and preparation method thereof

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CN106083386A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 苏州市泰盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of fertilizer for planting loquat with Resistant effect

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CN107488063A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-12-19 广西俊智农业科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of ferment ball
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CN108863531A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-11-23 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of ferment fertilizer and preparation method thereof with facilitating effects of taking root
CN108949188A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-07 佛山皖阳生物科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of antibacterial passivator
CN108997056A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-12-14 台沃科技集团股份有限公司 Banana multi-effect alimentation composition and preparation method thereof

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