CN101891511B - Organic substrate suitable for planting vegetables, melons and fruits and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Organic substrate suitable for planting vegetables, melons and fruits and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101891511B
CN101891511B CN2010102011483A CN201010201148A CN101891511B CN 101891511 B CN101891511 B CN 101891511B CN 2010102011483 A CN2010102011483 A CN 2010102011483A CN 201010201148 A CN201010201148 A CN 201010201148A CN 101891511 B CN101891511 B CN 101891511B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic substrate
percent
vegetables
melon
herba eichhorniae
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Application number
CN2010102011483A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101891511A (en
Inventor
李学麒
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李学麒
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Priority to CN2010102011483A priority Critical patent/CN101891511B/en
Publication of CN101891511A publication Critical patent/CN101891511A/en
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Publication of CN101891511B publication Critical patent/CN101891511B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses an organic substrate suitable for planting vegetables, melons and fruits and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: mixing the following materials in percentage by weight: 30 to 40 percent of water hyacinth, 20 to 35 percent of sawdust, 10 to 20 percent of biomass char, 10 to 20 percent of wormcast, 0.3 to 1.1 percent of beneficial microflora, and 0.8 to 1.7 percent of nonmetallic mineral, and stirring the materials by using water with an EC value of less than 150US.cm<-1>; fermenting for 48 hours in a storeroom at the temperature of between 20 and 28 DEG C, and composting for 25 to 30 days at the temperature of between 40 and 90 DEG C so as to prepare the organic substrate. The organic matrix has the advantages of rich nutrition, strong air permeability, low cost, and capacities of improving the plant yield and quality and reducing the plant diseases and insect pests.

Description

A kind of organic substrate that is suitable for vegetables, melon and fruit plantation and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of matrix of soilless culture, particularly a kind of organic substrate that is suitable for vegetables, melon and fruit plantation and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, the enhancing of environmental protection, health perception increases environmental protection organic vegetable, melon and fruit demand.For to green organic development, some soilless culture substrates occur in the last few years, but hypotrophy face, water conservation, fertilizer-preserving ability are undesirable, and crop yield is also not high enough.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of comprehensive nutrition, and more effective water conservation, fertilizer conservation, good permeability, ecological organic are applicable to the organic substrate of vegetables, melon and fruit cultivation;
Another object of the present invention is the preparation method that above-mentioned matrix will be provided.
A kind of organic substrate that is suitable for vegetables, melon and fruit plantation is comprised of following raw material by weight percentage:
Herba Eichhorniae 30-40%
Wood sawdust 20-35%
Biomass char 10-20%
Wormcast 10%-20%
Beneficial microbe colony 0.3-1.1%
Non-metallic minerals 0.8-1.7%.
Wherein said Herba Eichhorniae salvages and will carry out the surface contaminants processing, then pulverizes, squeezes, and carries out solid-liquid separation, and water content is below 40%.Described biomass char is that biologic garbage forms through combustion of organic matter under the anoxic condition; Described beneficial microbe colony is the EM flora of the various beneficial microorganisms such as photosynthetic bacterium, milk-acid bacteria, genus bacillus, nitrobacteria, actinomycetes and physiologically active substance; Described non-metallic minerals is one matter or their mixture or the trace element of ammonium sulfate, phosphorus oxide, Repone K, calcium superphosphate, ferrous sulfate, and trace element is the soluble salt of the elements such as silicon, boron, zinc, copper, manganese, magnesium.
A kind of preparation method who is suitable for the organic substrate of vegetables, melon and fruit plantation comprises the steps:
(1) Herba Eichhorniae is pulverized, squeezed, carry out solid-liquid separation, water content is below 40%;
(2) ratio being taken by weighing the each component raw material fully mixes;
(3) with EC value<150US.cm -1Water mix thoroughly, in 20-28 ℃ storehouse the fermentation 48 hours;
(4) under 40-90 ℃ of condition stack retting 25-30 days.
The advantage of matrix of the present invention is: (1) is nutritious: Herba Eichhorniae contains multiple proteins, amino acid (comprise human body must and 8 seed amino acids that self can not make), carotene and trace element.Wherein nitrogenous 0.24%, phosphorus 0.07%, Repone K 0.11%, crude protein 2.38%, crude fat 0.27%, robust fibre 0.91%, nitrogen-free extract 3.7%; (2) ventilation property is strong: large (75%-85%) hole of wood sawdust, biomass char porosity is many, have stronger ion exchangeable and lightweight, water-retaining capacity is strong, also contains the multiple beneficial element, can a good environment that grows be arranged to microorganism; (3) contain bacterium, actinomycetes and fungi in the wormcast, it is the active substance that plant easily absorbs that these microorganisms not only make complicated material mineralising, but also synthesize a series of bioactive materials that have, such as sugar, amino acid, VITAMIN etc., wormcast can promote growth of crop rhizomes, improve rate of emergence, the formation with root system of growing that can stimulating plant can improve the output of plant; (4) add beneficial microbe colony in the matrix, the Reproduction that effectively suppresses causal organism in the environment, and can be converted into nontoxic the hazardous and noxious substances such as hydrogen sulfide, nitrite, ammonia nitrogen and the utilizable material of plant, agricultural chemicals and the microbiotic of degrade residual on seed.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with embodiment, but one skilled in the art should appreciate that into, present embodiment only for illustrating, but be not restriction to protection domain of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
Prepare 1000 kilograms of organic substrates that are suitable for vegetables, melon and fruit plantation, comprise the steps:
(1) Herba Eichhorniae is pulverized, squeezed, carry out solid-liquid separation, water content is below 40%;
(2) take by weighing through 350 kilograms in step (1) treated water cucurbit, 280 kilograms of wood sawdusts, 150 kilograms of biomass chars, 100 kilograms of wormcasts, 30 kilograms of beneficial microbe colonies, 90 kilograms of fully mixing of non-metallic minerals;
(3) be 140US.cm with the EC value -1Water mix thoroughly, in 25 ℃ storehouse the fermentation 48 hours;
(4) stack retting 30 days under 60 ℃ of conditions.
Product is through trying out in planting vegetable, melon or fruit type crops, the result shows, it can improve rate of emergence, promote root growth, strengthened ability and the resistance against diseases of Absorbing Nutrients, also can alleviate the decline that continuous cropping brings the popular and fertility of soil disease, the product quality of planting out is excellent, mouthfeel is good, long fresh-keeping period.

Claims (4)

1. organic substrate that is suitable for the plantation of vegetables, melon and fruit is characterized in that: made through mixing, fermentation, stack retting by following raw material by weight percentage:
Herba Eichhorniae 30-40%
Wood sawdust 20-35%
Biomass char 10-20%
Wormcast 10%-20%
Beneficial microbe colony 0.3-1.1%
Non-metallic minerals 0.8-1.7%,
Described Herba Eichhorniae be after pulverizing, squeezing, solid-liquid separation water content at the solids below 40%.
2. a kind of preparation method who is suitable for the organic substrate of vegetables, melon and fruit plantation claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
(1) Herba Eichhorniae is pulverized, squeezed, carry out solid-liquid separation, water content is below 40%;
(2) taking by weighing in proportion the each component raw material fully mixes;
(3) mix thoroughly with the water of EC value<150 μ S/cm, place 20-28 ℃ storehouse to ferment 48 hours;
(4) under 40-90 ℃ of condition stack retting 25-30 days.
3. described organic substrate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described beneficial microbe colony is for containing photosynthetic bacterium, milk-acid bacteria, genus bacillus, nitrobacteria, actinomycetic EM flora.
4. described organic substrate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described non-metallic minerals is the one matter of ammonium sulfate, phosphorus oxide, Repone K, calcium superphosphate, ferrous sulfate or their mixture.
CN2010102011483A 2010-06-15 2010-06-15 Organic substrate suitable for planting vegetables, melons and fruits and preparation method thereof CN101891511B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102011483A CN101891511B (en) 2010-06-15 2010-06-15 Organic substrate suitable for planting vegetables, melons and fruits and preparation method thereof

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CN101891511A CN101891511A (en) 2010-11-24
CN101891511B true CN101891511B (en) 2013-03-20

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CN102093122B (en) * 2010-11-25 2013-10-16 中国农业大学 Fertilizer and method for enhancing stability and fertilizer effect of ammonium bicarbonate
CN102093123A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-15 中国农业大学 Biomass coke compound fertilizer and production method thereof
FI123397B (en) * 2011-06-07 2013-03-28 Kiteen Mato Ja Multa Oy Compost mixture and method for composting
CN102295475B (en) * 2011-06-10 2013-11-27 南京林业大学 Organic fertilizer prepared from solid and liquid products obtained by gasification of biomass and preparation method thereof
CN102276320B (en) * 2011-06-10 2014-06-04 南京林业大学 Organic matrix prepared by using biomass-gasified solid products and liquid products, and preparation method thereof
CN102336614B (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-05-08 李学麒 Nutrient matrix for improving saline-alkali soil and preparation method thereof
CN102391039B (en) * 2011-07-19 2016-03-09 屯留牧绿源生物科技有限公司 Flower nursery stock cultivation substrate and preparation method thereof
CN103641542B (en) * 2013-11-20 2016-02-17 北海市蔬菜研究所 A kind of Vegetable culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103787743B (en) * 2014-01-09 2016-04-06 东北农业大学 A kind of biological soil conditioning agent compound method being applicable to vegetable continuous cropping soil improvement
CN103896679B (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-07-08 苏州市农业科学院 Vegetable seedling substrate prepared by utilizing water hyacinth and preparation method of vegetable seedling substrate
CN104108996B (en) * 2014-06-27 2016-08-24 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of Vegetable culture medium based on Herba Eichhorniae slag and preparation method thereof
CN104058871B (en) * 2014-07-09 2016-06-15 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of vegetable seedling substrate based on Herba Eichhorniae slag and preparation method thereof
CN104909900A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-09-16 贵州汇民力生物科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105948970A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-09-21 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Organic matrix applicable to plantation of vegetable and fruit and making method thereof
CN105967948A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-09-28 北京爱尔斯环保工程有限责任公司 Method for rapidly preparing biological organic fertilizers
CN105936611A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-09-14 温振海 Biomass organic fertilizer for planting melons and fruits
CN106116961A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 温振海 A kind of pumpkin planting richness nitrogen biomass organic fertilizer
CN106365708A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-01 杨晓文 Cucurbit-and-vegetable seedling culturing substrate based on wormcast and preparing method thereof
CN106561327A (en) * 2016-10-29 2017-04-19 蚌埠市涂山绿园蔬菜科研专业合作社 Nutrient soil for pomegranate seed-seedling growing
CN107586159A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-16 马龙龙腾科技开发有限公司 A kind of organic substrate suitable for vegetable melon and fruit plantation and preparation method thereof
CN109479638A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-03-19 顺达康(苏州)农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of the muskmelon seedling fostering method and muskmelon seedling of high disease resistance ability

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