CN106820213B - Garlic fruit and seedling separating device - Google Patents

Garlic fruit and seedling separating device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106820213B
CN106820213B CN201510937282.2A CN201510937282A CN106820213B CN 106820213 B CN106820213 B CN 106820213B CN 201510937282 A CN201510937282 A CN 201510937282A CN 106820213 B CN106820213 B CN 106820213B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
belt
rack
wheel
belt wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201510937282.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106820213A (en
Inventor
王清臣
刘本学
程伟威
梁红涛
王凯飞
王凯霞
高果
王猛
张永健
臧玉民
王亚伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Sanchao Machinery Co ltd
Original Assignee
Henan Sanchao Machinery Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan Sanchao Machinery Co ltd filed Critical Henan Sanchao Machinery Co ltd
Priority to CN201510937282.2A priority Critical patent/CN106820213B/en
Publication of CN106820213A publication Critical patent/CN106820213A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106820213B publication Critical patent/CN106820213B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/08Devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs

Abstract

A garlic fruit seedling separating device comprises a limiting device, a seedling poking device, a conveying device, a cutting device and a power input device. The limiting device is arranged at the front end of the frame, the frame above the limiting device is provided with a seedling poking device, the conveying device is arranged above the frame at the rear part of the seedling poking device, the cutting device is arranged at the tail end of the conveying device, and the power input device is arranged at the tail part of the frame. The limiting device comprises a limiting plate and a seedling guide rail, the limiting plate is of a horizontal plate-shaped structure, the side face of the limiting plate is connected to the lower portion of the front end of the rack through an L-shaped crank arm, the seedling guide rail is of an inverted splayed structure and is connected to the upper portion of the front end of the rack, and the position of the seedling guide rail corresponds to that of the limiting plate. The device of the invention provides a faster machine cutting method for separating and cutting garlic bulbs and seedlings, and relieves labor force.

Description

Garlic fruit and seedling separating device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to later-stage garlic processing equipment, and particularly relates to a garlic fruit and seedling separating device for separating ripe garlic fruits and seedlings.
Background
China is the first major country for planting and producing garlic, but the research on automatic equipment for planting garlic starts late in China, so that the planting and harvesting of garlic in most areas in China are realized manually, and the research and development of mechanical equipment for combined harvesting of garlic in some developed countries are fast, but the garlic planting method is not suitable for China due to the defects of high price and different planting modes. The garlic fruit and the seedling need to be separated in the later-stage processing of the garlic, and more domestic manual cutting methods are still adopted for operation, so that time and labor are wasted.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a garlic fruit and seedling separating device for separating ripe garlic fruits and seedlings, which realizes the separation of garlic fruits and seedlings through the transmission of a belt, has good use effect and greatly improves the working efficiency.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme for realizing the aim:
a garlic fruit seedling separating device comprises a limiting device, a seedling poking device, a conveying device, a cutting device and a power input device.
The limiting device is arranged at the front end of the frame, the frame above the limiting device is provided with a seedling poking device, the conveying device is arranged above the frame at the rear part of the seedling poking device, the cutting device is arranged at the tail end of the conveying device, and the power input device is arranged at the tail part of the frame.
The limiting device comprises a limiting plate and a seedling guide rail, the limiting plate is of a horizontal plate-shaped structure, the side face of the limiting plate is connected to the lower portion of the front end of the rack through an L-shaped crank arm, the seedling guide rail is of an inverted splayed structure and is connected to the upper portion of the front end of the rack, and the position of the seedling guide rail corresponds to that of the limiting plate.
The L-shaped crank arm is provided with strip-shaped holes which are vertically distributed, and the L-shaped crank arm can adjust the position of the limiting plate up and down through the strip-shaped holes.
The conveying device comprises a first belt assembly and a second belt assembly which are arranged at the upper part of the rack side by side, and the two belt assemblies respectively comprise a front belt wheel, a rear belt wheel and a belt which correspond to each other; the diameters of the front belt wheel and the rear belt wheel are the same; the two belts are arranged in parallel, the gap between the two belts is aligned with the seedling guide rail in front of the machine frame, and seedlings are conveyed through the gap between the two belts.
The seedling poking device is characterized in that two belt pulleys at the front ends of the two groups of belt pulleys are respectively connected with seedling poking wheels.
The cutting device is characterized in that a disc-shaped sawtooth-shaped cutter is connected to the rear part of the rack through a vertical shaft, and the sawtooth-shaped cutter is connected with a belt pulley at the rear part in a gear transmission manner; the maximum circumference of the sawtooth cutter covers more than a gap between the two belts.
The power input device is characterized in that a driving shaft is arranged below the rear part of the rack, two bevel gears which are opposite to each other are arranged on the driving shaft, and the lower parts of two belt pulleys at the rear part of the conveying device are respectively connected to the two bevel gears arranged on the driving shaft through the transverse bevel gears.
Preferably, a seedling poking wheel is further arranged at the position, corresponding to the sawtooth cutter transversely, of the rear portion of the machine frame, and the seedling poking wheel and the belt pulley at the rear portion are in transmission in a gear transmission mode.
Preferably, a tensioning device for tensioning the belt is arranged on the frame inside the belt pulley assembly, and the tensioning device comprises a tensioning wheel, a tensioning wheel arm and a tensioning spring for stretching the tensioning wheel arm.
The invention adopts the technical scheme and has the following beneficial effects:
1. the device of the invention provides a faster machine cutting method for separating and cutting garlic bulbs and seedlings, thereby releasing labor force;
2. the diameter and the length of the garlic bulbs remained after cutting are consistent through the limiting of the front limiting plate; the height of the limiting plate is adjustable, the height of the limiting plate can be adjusted according to the length of the upper diameter of the garlic which is cut according to personal requirements, and the limiting plate has selectable flexibility;
3. the device uses the belt for conveying, because the belt is flexible, if the rigid conveying device is used, the seedlings can be pinched off when not being conveyed to the cutter, and the cutting effect is influenced;
4. the cutter of the device is a sawtooth-shaped cutter, and the sawtooth-shaped cutter can more quickly and smoothly separate the seedling heads under the condition of rotary cutting so as to prevent congestion;
5. the device is purely mechanical, so that the device has a simple structure, low manufacturing cost, low price, convenience for large-area popularization and small size, and a working site has more choices.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left side view of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following examples.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the garlic seedling separating device comprises a limiting device 1, a seedling poking device 2, a conveying device 3, a cutting device 4 and a power input device 5.
The limiting device is arranged at the front end of the frame 01, the frame 01 above the limiting device is provided with a seedling poking device, the conveying device is arranged above the frame 01 at the rear part of the seedling poking device, the cutting device is arranged at the tail end of the conveying device, and the power input device is arranged at the tail part of the frame 01.
The limiting device comprises a limiting plate 11 and a seedling guide rail 12, the limiting plate 11 is of a horizontal plate-shaped structure, the side face of the limiting plate 11 is connected to the lower portion of the front end of the rack 01 through an L-shaped connecting lever 13, strip-shaped holes which are vertically distributed are formed in the L-shaped connecting lever 13, and the position of the limiting plate 11 can be adjusted up and down through the strip-shaped holes by the L-shaped connecting lever 13; the seedling guide rail 12 is in an inverted splayed structure, the seedling guide rail 12 is connected to the upper part of the front end of the rack 01, and the position of the seedling guide rail 12 corresponds to the position of the limit plate 11.
The conveying device comprises two belt assemblies which are arranged at the upper part of the frame 01 side by side, and the two belt assemblies respectively comprise a first front belt wheel 211, a second front belt wheel 221, a first rear belt wheel 212, a second rear belt wheel 222, a first belt 213 and a second belt 223 which correspond to each other; the diameters of the four belt wheels are the same; the first belt 213 and the second belt 223 are arranged in parallel, and a gap between the two belts is aligned with the seedling guide rail 12 in front of the frame 01, and seedlings are conveyed through the gap between the two belts.
The seedling-shifting device is characterized in that a first front belt wheel 211 and a second front belt wheel 221 are respectively connected with a corresponding first seedling-shifting wheel 31 and a corresponding second seedling-shifting wheel 32.
The cutting device is characterized in that the rear part of the rack 01 is connected with a disc-shaped sawtooth-shaped cutter 42 through a vertical shaft 41, the lower part of the sawtooth-shaped cutter 42 is connected with a first driven gear 432, the lower part of the first rear belt wheel 212 is connected with a first driving gear 431, and the first driving gear 431 and the first driven gear 432 are meshed and connected with each other; the maximum circumference of the serrated cutter 42 covers more than the gap between the two belts. The rear part of the frame 01 is provided with a third seedling-shifting wheel 33 at a position corresponding to the zigzag cutter 42 in the transverse direction, the lower part of the third seedling-shifting wheel 33 is connected with a second driven gear 442, the lower part of the second rear belt wheel 222 is connected with a second driving gear 441, and the second driving gear 441 and the second driven gear 442 are meshed and connected with each other.
The power input device of the equipment is that a driving shaft 51 is arranged below the rear part of a frame 01, the first rear belt pulley 212 is connected to the driving shaft 51 through a first bevel gear set 521, the second rear belt pulley 222 is connected to the driving shaft 51 through a second bevel gear set 522, and the bevel gear sets respectively comprise a bevel gear which is connected to the longitudinal distribution of the driving shaft 51 and a bevel gear which is connected to the transverse distribution of the lower part of the rear belt pulley; the two bevel gears longitudinally distributed on the driving shaft 51 are arranged oppositely, so that the rotating directions of the two belt pulley sets are opposite in the process of power transmission.
A tension wheel 62 is connected to the frame in the first belt assembly 21 through a tension arm 61, and the tension wheel 62 is stretched by a tension spring 63.
The device is fixed on a working bracket during working, and external power is connected with the machine through a driving shaft. The upper part of garlic seedlings is held by hands and placed between the two seedling guide rails, when the lower part of garlic bulbs is in contact with the upper part of the limiting plate, the garlic seedlings are pushed into the two rotating belts by the first seedling pushing wheel and the second seedling pushing wheel, the garlic seedlings are released by hands at the moment, the garlic seedlings are conveyed to the rear by the belts, the garlic bulbs are cut off when the garlic seedlings meet the zigzag cutter, meanwhile, the cut-off seedlings are pushed aside by the third seedling pushing wheel and then fall to the ground or into the collecting box, so that the cut-off seedlings are prevented from being accumulated on the upper part of the device to influence the use effect.

Claims (1)

1. A garlic fruit seedling separator, it includes stop device, dials seedling device, conveyor, cutting device, power input device, its characterized in that: the seedling transplanter is characterized in that the limiting device is arranged at the front end of the rack (01), a seedling poking device is arranged on the rack (01) above the limiting device, the conveying device is arranged above the rack (01) at the rear part of the seedling poking device, the cutting device is arranged at the tail end of the conveying device, the power input device is arranged at the tail part of the rack (01), the limiting device comprises a limiting plate (11) and a seedling guide rail (12), the limiting plate (11) is of a horizontal plate-shaped structure, the side surface of the limiting plate (11) is connected to the lower part of the front end of the rack (01) through an L-shaped crank arm (13), the L-shaped crank arm (13) is provided with vertically distributed strip-shaped holes, and the L-shaped crank arm (13) can vertically adjust the position of the limiting plate (11) through the strip; the seedling guide rail (12) is of an inverted splayed structure, the seedling guide rail (12) is connected to the upper portion of the front end of the rack (01), the position of the seedling guide rail (12) corresponds to the position of the limiting plate (11), the conveying device comprises two belt assemblies which are arranged on the upper portion of the rack (01) side by side, and the two belt assemblies respectively comprise a first front belt wheel (211), a second front belt wheel (221), a first rear belt wheel (212), a second rear belt wheel (222), a first belt (213) and a second belt (223) which correspond to each other; the diameters of the four belt wheels are the same; the first belt (213) and the second belt (223) are arranged in parallel, a gap between the two belts is aligned to a seedling guide rail (12) in front of the rack (01), seedlings are conveyed through the gap between the two belts, the seedling poking device is characterized in that a first front belt wheel (211) and a second front belt wheel (221) are respectively connected with a corresponding first seedling poking wheel (31) and a corresponding second seedling poking wheel (32), the cutting device is that the rear part of the rack (01) is connected with a disc-shaped zigzag cutter (42) through a vertical shaft (41), the lower part of the zigzag cutter (42) is connected with a first driven gear (432), the lower part of the first rear belt wheel (212) is connected with a first driving gear (431), and the first driving gear (431) and the first driven gear (432) are meshed and connected with each other; the maximum circumference of the sawtooth-shaped cutter (42) covers more than the gap between the two belts; a third seedling-poking wheel (33) is arranged at the rear part of the frame (01) and at the position corresponding to the sawtooth-shaped cutter (42) in the transverse direction, the lower part of the third seedling-poking wheel (33) is connected with a second driven gear (442), the lower part of the second rear belt wheel (222) is connected with a second driving gear (441), the second driving gear (441) and the second driven gear (442) are meshed and connected with each other, the power input device is characterized in that a driving shaft (51) is arranged below the rear part of the frame (01), the first rear belt wheel (212) is connected to the driving shaft (51) through a first bevel gear set (521), the second rear belt wheel (222) is connected to the driving shaft (51) through a second bevel gear set (522), the bevel gear set respectively comprises a bevel gear which is connected with the driving shaft (51) and distributed longitudinally and a bevel gear which is connected with the lower part of the rear belt wheel and distributed transversely; the two bevel gears longitudinally distributed on the driving shaft (51) are arranged oppositely, so that the rotating directions of the two belt pulley sets are opposite in the power transmission process, a tension wheel (62) is connected to a rack in the first belt assembly (21) through a tension arm (61), and the tension wheel (62) is stretched through a tension spring (63).
CN201510937282.2A 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 Garlic fruit and seedling separating device Active CN106820213B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510937282.2A CN106820213B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 Garlic fruit and seedling separating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510937282.2A CN106820213B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 Garlic fruit and seedling separating device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106820213A CN106820213A (en) 2017-06-13
CN106820213B true CN106820213B (en) 2021-03-23

Family

ID=59150771

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510937282.2A Active CN106820213B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 Garlic fruit and seedling separating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106820213B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109567249B (en) * 2018-12-14 2021-08-17 山东集泰食品科技有限公司 Garlic separator

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6229955A (en) * 1985-08-01 1987-02-07 Tani Takeshi Method for peeling onion and apparatus therefor
EP0401955A1 (en) * 1989-06-08 1990-12-12 Fresh Choice Produce, Inc. Apparatus for peeling garlic
JP2010246395A (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-11-04 Sasaki Corporation Garlic shipping adjustment apparatus
CN202773363U (en) * 2012-08-24 2013-03-13 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Garlic seedling separator
CN204090993U (en) * 2014-07-14 2015-01-14 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of garlic cuts coring device and its garlic fruit seedling seperator is housed
CN204499431U (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-07-29 长安大学 A kind of head of garlic and garlic neck seperator
CN204670355U (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-30 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of garlic removes stem device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6229955A (en) * 1985-08-01 1987-02-07 Tani Takeshi Method for peeling onion and apparatus therefor
EP0401955A1 (en) * 1989-06-08 1990-12-12 Fresh Choice Produce, Inc. Apparatus for peeling garlic
JP2010246395A (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-11-04 Sasaki Corporation Garlic shipping adjustment apparatus
CN202773363U (en) * 2012-08-24 2013-03-13 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Garlic seedling separator
CN204090993U (en) * 2014-07-14 2015-01-14 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of garlic cuts coring device and its garlic fruit seedling seperator is housed
CN204499431U (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-07-29 长安大学 A kind of head of garlic and garlic neck seperator
CN204670355U (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-30 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of garlic removes stem device

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
于昭洋等.大蒜果秧分离试验装置的设计与测试.《农业工程学报》.2013,第29卷(第16期), *
大蒜果秧分离试验装置的设计与测试;于昭洋等;《农业工程学报》;20130831;第29卷(第16期);第7-15页 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106820213A (en) 2017-06-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205364012U (en) A device for shearing domestic fungus fungus base of a fruit
CN207022505U (en) A kind of clamping conveying device for multirow garlic combined harvester
CN205142889U (en) Automatic cut dish and make a bundle dolly
CN203331089U (en) Areca-nut slicer
CN108353624A (en) Pineapple picker
CN106820213B (en) Garlic fruit and seedling separating device
CN204231947U (en) A kind of corn harvester
CN108718673B (en) Automatic pineapple picking and collecting device
CN208113361U (en) Pineapple picker
CN204503589U (en) A kind of fruit screening plant
CN206895236U (en) A kind of garlic stems cropper
CN106804205A (en) The automatic picking machine of pineapple
CN112868375A (en) Separate pushing device for harvesting
CN211267718U (en) Automatic change young garlic shoot harvester
CN205161132U (en) Go soil to receive device again
CN208874845U (en) A kind of garlic stems harvesting apparatus
CN209089442U (en) A kind of novel fruits picker
CN108633438B (en) Garlic harvester
CN208387288U (en) With tooth-like potato used plastic collection device
CN102893750A (en) Automatic rotary garlic scape harvesting machine
CN205799652U (en) A kind of Bulbus Allii Cepae cutting production line equipment
CN103609251A (en) Garlic sprout harvester
CN108575284A (en) A kind of picking machine
CN103609247B (en) Secondary harvest device for peanut harvester
CN204733595U (en) Leaf dish harvester

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant