CN206895236U - A kind of garlic stems cropper - Google Patents

A kind of garlic stems cropper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206895236U
CN206895236U CN201720464580.9U CN201720464580U CN206895236U CN 206895236 U CN206895236 U CN 206895236U CN 201720464580 U CN201720464580 U CN 201720464580U CN 206895236 U CN206895236 U CN 206895236U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bolting
vehicle frame
garlic stems
garlic
knife
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720464580.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张利娟
耿令新
李心平
庞靖
王升升
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan University of Science and Technology
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Henan University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Science and Technology filed Critical Henan University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201720464580.9U priority Critical patent/CN206895236U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206895236U publication Critical patent/CN206895236U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

Field of agricultural machinery is the utility model is related to, specifically a kind of garlic stems cropper.Including vehicle frame, the front end of the vehicle frame is provided with the pendulum knife system for being used for cutting off garlic stems from bottom, the conveying device being provided with vehicle frame positioned at the top of pendulum knife system in the harvest case for being used for being delivered to the garlic stems cut off by pendulum knife system on vehicle frame, the both sides of the vehicle frame are respectively equipped with travel wheel, the tail end of vehicle frame is provided with branch ground tugboat, the bolting device for being used for that garlic stems to be gathered in vehicle frame traveling process and above carried is provided between conveying device and pendulum knife system on the vehicle frame, the device for peeling for being used for removing the peel garlic stems during above being carried by bolting device is provided between the bolting device and pendulum knife system on the vehicle frame.The utility model solves the mechanized harvest problem of garlic stems, and rational in infrastructure, small volume, and flexible and convenient operation, operating efficiency is high, and the harvest time of preciousness has been won for garlic stems planting household, effectively reduces harvest cost.

Description

A kind of garlic stems cropper
Technical field
Field of agricultural machinery is the utility model is related to, specifically a kind of garlic stems cropper.
Background technology
Garlic stems is the scape extracted out from Bolting Garlic, is that people like one of vegetables for eating.Garlic stems is wide in China's distribution General, there is plantation north and south various regions, are one of the vegetable varieties that reserves are maximum in the current vegetable cold storing industry in China, storage period is most long.Tool There are a variety of nutritive effects, garlic stems is good functional health vegetables.
Garlic stems harvest time is short and concentrates, and Traditional Man extraction efficiency is low, and cost is high, and labor intensity is big.Also there is portion at present Divide the auxiliary agricultural machinery for being used for garlic stems harvesting, but it is low there is efficiency, and cost is high, and damage garlic plant influence garlic yield is asked Topic, and after by existing auxiliary agricultural machinery, garlic stems is cut from garlic plant, it is impossible to it is synchronous to remove what is wrapped up on garlic stems Garlic cauline leaf, still need to manually peel off garlic cauline leaf, it is impossible to reach satisfied efficiency of crop, seriously constrain the production of garlic stems.
Utility model content
The utility model aims to provide a kind of simple in construction, it is easy to accomplish and can synchronously be removed during harvest on garlic stems Including garlic cauline leaf garlic stems cropper.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:A kind of garlic stems cropper, including car Frame, the front end of the vehicle frame are provided with the pendulum knife system for being used for cutting off garlic stems from bottom, positioned at the upper of pendulum knife system on vehicle frame The square conveying device being provided with for being delivered to the garlic stems cut off by pendulum knife system in the harvest case on vehicle frame, the two of the vehicle frame Side is respectively equipped with travel wheel, the tail end of vehicle frame with being provided with branch tugboat, on the vehicle frame positioned at conveying device and pendulum knife system it Between be provided with and be used for garlic stems is gathered in vehicle frame traveling process and above carried bolting device, the bolting is located on the vehicle frame The device for peeling for being used for removing the peel garlic stems during above being carried by bolting device is provided between device and pendulum knife system.
Preferably, the bolting device includes two bolting rollers being horizontally spaced about, and two bolting rollers are away from vehicle frame One section is taper, and two bolting rollers are cylinder close to one section of vehicle frame, and two bolting rollers can rotate around own axes, and that This direction of rotation is opposite.
Preferably, the garlic stems cropper includes multiple bolting devices being horizontally spaced about and multiple and bolting device The corresponding device for peeling of quantity.
Preferably, the spiral that auxiliary garlic stems moves towards vehicle frame direction is respectively provided with two bolting rollers Muscle, and the oppositely oriented setting of spiral bar on two bolting rollers.
Preferably, the height of the spiral bar is 1-5mm, and spiral bar and bolting roller are made using elastomeric material.
Preferably, the device for peeling includes two pieces of backplates be arrangeding in parallel, and the gap between two pieces of backplates is located at institute The underface in the gap between the cylindrical segment of two bolting rollers is stated, is arranged with the opposite face of two pieces of backplates in garlic By broken skin knife that garlic stems skin scratches and the peeling step peelled off for the garlic stems skin after scratching during being carried on a kind of sedge.
Preferably, the broken skin knife quantity is multiple and is in triangular prism shaped, peeling platform of multiple broken skin knives in the backplate In a row it is arranged at intervals below rank, and the blade of broken skin knife is concordant with peeling step.
Preferably, the pendulum knife system includes knife rest and the multiple blades being disposed on knife rest, one end of knife rest It is connected with for driving knife rest along the tilting ring box swung perpendicular to bolting roll axis horizontal reciprocating.
Preferably, the conveying device is belt type conveyer, is interval with the belt of belt type conveyer multiple Plate.
Preferably, the vehicle frame is provided with engine and the gearbox being connected with driving engine, the output of gearbox Axle drives travel wheel to rotate by chain structure, and the jackshaft that travel wheel is arranged on by chain structure driving on vehicle frame rotates, Jackshaft is split type and connected by jaw clutch that one section of jackshaft is connected with travel wheel, and another section passes through The driving wheel of pulley structure driving conveying device is rotated, and the driving wheel of conveying device is arranged on vehicle frame by pulley structure driving Bolting axle rotate, bolting axle drives the input shaft of the tilting ring box to rotate by pulley structure, and bolting axle passes through bevel gear Group is connected with a bolting roller in the bolting device, another bolting roller in bolting device and with the transmission of bolting axle It is connected between the bolting roller of connection by spur gear group.
Beneficial effect
The utility model solves the mechanized harvest problem of garlic stems, and rational in infrastructure, small volume, flexible and convenient operation, Operating efficiency is high, and the harvest time of preciousness has been won for garlic stems planting household, effectively reduces harvest cost.
Cooperated between bolting device of the present utility model, pendulum knife system, device for peeling and conveying device, in vehicle frame During advance, the conical section of two piece bolting rollers of the garlic stems through bolting device leads into the cylindrical segment of two bolting rollers, Cylindrical segment through two bolting rollers after being cut off by pendulum knife system from bottom is clamped and above carried, and garlic stems skin is broken during upper carry Dermatotome is scratched and peelled off through peeling step, finally falls into the harvest case on vehicle frame in the presence of plate on a conveyor It is interior, bolting, the synchronous progress of peeling, solve technical problem existing for garlic stems harvest equipment in the prior art, further increase Efficiency of crop, labour cost is reduced, and suitable for all kinds of garlic stems plantation landform, it is suitable for large-scale promotion.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is lateral structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is that Fig. 1 removes the structure top view after conveying device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of bolting device of the present utility model and device for peeling;
Marked in figure:1st, vehicle frame, 2, bolting device, 201, bolting roller, 202, spiral bar, 3, pendulum knife system, 301, knife rest, 302nd, blade, 303, tilting ring box, 4, conveying device, 401, plate, 402, driving wheel, 5, device for peeling, 501, backplate, 502, broken Dermatotome, 503, peeling step, 6, harvest case, 7, travel wheel, 8, branch ground tugboat, 9, engine, 10, gearbox, 11, jackshaft, 12nd, jaw clutch, 13, bolting axle, 14, bevel gear set, 15, spur gear group, 16, handrail.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of garlic stems cropper of the present utility model, including vehicle frame 1, in the front end of vehicle frame 1 by upper Conveying device 4, bolting device 2, device for peeling 5 and pendulum knife system 3 are sequentially provided with and.It is located at conveying device 4 on vehicle frame 1 The end of conveying direction is provided with harvest case 6.Engine 9 and the gearbox being connected with engine 9 are additionally provided with vehicle frame 1 10, the output shaft of gearbox 10 is rotated by two travel wheels 7 of the chain structure driving positioned at the both sides of vehicle frame 1 advances, in vehicle frame 1 Rear end in the middle part of with being provided with branch 8 driven traveling of tugboat, be additionally provided with the rear end of vehicle frame 1 for grasping the utility model traveling The handrail 16 in direction.
Bolting device 2 is used to gather scattered garlic stems in the traveling process of vehicle frame 1 and above carry, including two levels and edge The bolting roller 201 that the direct of travel of vehicle frame 1 is set.One section away from vehicle frame 1 of two bolting rollers 201 is taper, two conical sections it Between formed for scattered garlic stems to be guided into the guide portion to the direction of vehicle frame 1 in the traveling process of vehicle frame 1, guide portion can play bright Aobvious gathers effect.Two bolting rollers 201 are cylinder close to one section of vehicle frame 1, are formed between two cylindrical sections for by garlic The clamp area that a kind of sedge is clamped and above carried in the case where two phase despins of bolting roller 201 act on.Garlic stems through above carrying is defeated by conveying device 4 Deliver in the harvest case 6 on vehicle frame 1.It is respectively used to aid in garlic stems on two bolting rollers 201 in the present embodiment towards car Move the spiral bar 202 for aiding in conveying, and the 202 oppositely oriented setting of spiral bar on two bolting rollers 201 in the direction of frame 1. The height of spiral bar 202 is 1-5mm, and bolting roller 201 and spiral bar 202 are made of elastomeric material, completes above to carry And garlic stems is protected during conveying function.In preferred embodiment of the present utility model, set in the front end horizontal interval of vehicle frame 1 There are multiple identical bolting devices 2, there is bigger area coverage so as to treat garlic stems of receiving, it is possible to reduce receiving, it is secondary to come and go Number, improve efficiency of receiving.
Knife system 3 is put to be used to cut off the garlic stems for entering the clamp area of bolting device 2 from bottom and garlic.Including knife rest 301 And multiple trapezoidal blades 302 on knife rest 301 are disposed on, one end of knife rest 301 is connected with for driving knife rest 301 along the tilting ring box 303 vertically swung with the direction horizontal reciprocating of bolting roller 201.
The present embodiment includes that quantity is identical with bolting device 2 and one-to-one device for peeling 5, device for peeling 5 are used for The skin that garlic stems after cut-out will be attached on garlic stems during above being carried by bolting device 2 synchronously removes, and makes by conveying The garlic stems that device 4 is transported in harvest case 6 does not have to eliminate what is specially removed the peel by the peeling of artificial or other plant equipment again Process, efficiency is substantially increased, save harvest time.What any one device for peeling 5 be arranged in parallel including two pieces Backplate 501, and the gap between two pieces of backplates 501 be located at two bolting rollers 201 in corresponding device for peeling 5 cylindrical segment it Between gap underface.It is arranged with and is used for garlic stems skin during garlic stems above carries on the opposite face of two pieces of backplates 501 The broken skin knife 502 scratched and the peeling step 503 peelled off for the garlic stems skin after scratching.On same backplate 501 Multiple triangular prism shaped broken skin knives 502 are in a row provided with, multiple broken skin knives 502 are in a row below the peeling step 503 of backplate 501 It is arranged at intervals, and the blade of broken skin knife 502 is concordant with peeling step 503.Two broken skin knives 502 on same backplate 501 it Between spacing be 2-10mm.In the present embodiment, two backplates 501 are movably arranged on vehicle frame 1 in device for peeling 5, two shields Spacing between plate 501 is adjustable, and then can adjust two backplates according to the diameter of garlic stems to be received and the thickness of garlic stems skin Spacing on 501 between the blade of broken skin knife 502 and two peeling steps 503.
Conveying device 4 is belt type conveyer, and multiple plates 401 are interval with the belt of belt type conveyer, is led to Garlic stems is pulled over to harvest case 6 after crossing the peeling that plate 401 above carries bolting device 2.
Conveying device 4, bolting device 2, pendulum knife system 3 in the present embodiment are arranged on vehicle frame 1 by same group Engine 9 and the gearbox 10 being connected with engine 9 drive.The output shaft of gearbox 10 is driven first by chain structure Dynamic travel wheel 7 rotates.The jackshaft 11 that travel wheel 7 is arranged on vehicle frame 1 again by chain structure driving rotates, jackshaft 11 To be split type and connected by jaw clutch 12, one section of jackshaft 11 is connected with travel wheel 7, and another section passes through band The driving wheel 402 of wheel construction driving conveying device 4 rotates.The driving wheel 402 of conveying device 4 is arranged on by pulley structure driving Bolting axle 13 on vehicle frame 1 rotates, and bolting axle 13 drives the input shaft of the tilting ring box 303 to rotate by pulley structure, and takes out A kind of sedge axle 13 is connected by bevel gear set 14 and a bolting roller 201 in the bolting device 2, another in bolting device 2 Realized together by the drive connection of spur gear group 15 between a piece bolting roller 201 and the bolting roller 201 being connected with bolting axle 13 Two senses of rotation of bolting roller 201 in one bolting device 2 are opposite.Drive system layout of the present utility model is ingenious, mutually not Interference, and an engine 9 is shared, so as to reduce manufacturing cost of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of garlic stems cropper, including vehicle frame(1), the vehicle frame(1)Front end be provided with and be used to cut off garlic stems from bottom Put knife system(3), in vehicle frame(1)It is upper to be located at pendulum knife system(3)Top be provided be used for will be by pendulum knife system(3)The garlic stems of cut-out It is delivered to vehicle frame(1)On harvest case(6)In conveying device(4), the vehicle frame(1)Both sides be respectively equipped with travel wheel(7), Vehicle frame(1)Tail end be provided with branch ground tugboat(8), it is characterised in that:In the vehicle frame(1)It is upper to be located at conveying device(4)With pendulum knife Device(3)Between be provided be used in vehicle frame(1)The bolting device that garlic stems is gathered in traveling process and above carried(2), in the car Frame(1)It is upper to be located at the bolting device(2)With pendulum knife system(3)Between be provided with and be used to garlic stems passing through bolting device(2)On The device for peeling removed the peel during carrying(5).
A kind of 2. garlic stems cropper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bolting device(2)Including between level Every two bolting rollers of setting(201), two bolting rollers(201)Away from vehicle frame(1)One section be taper, two bolting rollers (201)Close to vehicle frame(1)One section for cylinder, two bolting rollers(201)It can be rotated around own axes, and side mutually rotating To opposite.
A kind of 3. garlic stems cropper according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The garlic stems cropper includes multiple levels Spaced bolting device(2)And multiple and bolting device(2)The corresponding device for peeling of quantity(5).
A kind of 4. garlic stems cropper according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In two bolting rollers(201)Upper point It She You not be used to aid in garlic stems towards vehicle frame(1)The spiral bar of direction movement(202), and two bolting rollers(201)On spiral Muscle(202)Oppositely oriented setting.
A kind of 5. garlic stems cropper according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The spiral bar(202)Height be 1- 5mm, and spiral bar(202)With bolting roller(201)Made using elastomeric material.
A kind of 6. garlic stems cropper according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The device for peeling(5)It is flat including two pieces The backplate that row is set(501), and two pieces of backplates(501)Between gap be located at two bolting rollers(201)Cylindrical segment Between gap underface, in two pieces of backplates(501)Opposite face on be arranged with for during garlic stems above carries by garlic The broken skin knife that a kind of sedge skin scratches(502)And the peeling step peelled off for the garlic stems skin after scratching(503).
A kind of 7. garlic stems cropper according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The broken skin knife(502)Quantity is multiple And it is in triangular prism shaped, multiple broken skin knives(502)In the backplate(501)Peeling step(503)Lower section is in a row arranged at intervals, and Broken skin knife(502)Blade and peeling step(503)Concordantly.
A kind of 8. garlic stems cropper according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The pendulum knife system(3)Including knife rest (301)And it is disposed on knife rest(301)On multiple blades(302), knife rest(301)One end be connected with for driving knife Frame(301)Along perpendicular to bolting roller(201)The tilting ring box of axis horizontal reciprocally swinging(303).
A kind of 9. garlic stems cropper according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The conveying device(4)It is defeated for belt-type Machine is sent, multiple plates are interval with the belt of belt type conveyer(401).
A kind of 10. garlic stems cropper according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The vehicle frame(1)It is provided with engine (9)And and engine(9)The gearbox of drive connection(10), gearbox(10)Output shaft pass through chain structure driving advance Wheel(7)Rotate, travel wheel(7)Vehicle frame is arranged on by chain structure driving(1)On jackshaft(11)Rotate, jackshaft(11) To be split type and pass through jaw clutch(12)Connection, jackshaft(11)One section and travel wheel(7)Drive connection, Ling Yiduan Conveying device is driven by pulley structure(4)Driving wheel(402)Rotate, conveying device(4)Driving wheel(402)Pass through belt wheel Structure driving is arranged on vehicle frame(1)On bolting axle(13)Rotate, bolting axle(13)The tilting ring box is driven by pulley structure (303)Input shaft rotate, and bolting axle(13)Pass through bevel gear set(14)With the bolting device(2)In a bolting roller (201)Drive connection, bolting device(2)In another bolting roller(201)With with bolting axle(13)The bolting roller of drive connection (201)Between pass through spur gear group(15)Drive connection.
CN201720464580.9U 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 A kind of garlic stems cropper Expired - Fee Related CN206895236U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720464580.9U CN206895236U (en) 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 A kind of garlic stems cropper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720464580.9U CN206895236U (en) 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 A kind of garlic stems cropper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206895236U true CN206895236U (en) 2018-01-19

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106941868A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-14 河南科技大学 A kind of garlic stems cropper
CN108781727A (en) * 2018-08-16 2018-11-13 青岛理工大学 A kind of extraction-type garlic stems cropper
CN109005888A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-18 白宏周 A kind of semi-automatic garlic stems harvesting apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106941868A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-14 河南科技大学 A kind of garlic stems cropper
CN109005888A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-18 白宏周 A kind of semi-automatic garlic stems harvesting apparatus
CN108781727A (en) * 2018-08-16 2018-11-13 青岛理工大学 A kind of extraction-type garlic stems cropper
CN108781727B (en) * 2018-08-16 2023-08-22 青岛理工大学 Extraction type garlic bolt harvester

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GR01 Patent grant
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180119

Termination date: 20180428