CN206260308U - A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper - Google Patents

A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206260308U
CN206260308U CN201621390614.6U CN201621390614U CN206260308U CN 206260308 U CN206260308 U CN 206260308U CN 201621390614 U CN201621390614 U CN 201621390614U CN 206260308 U CN206260308 U CN 206260308U
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping device
bevel gears
cutter
shaft
wheel
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201621390614.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苑进
宋烨本
刘雪美
牛子孺
李扬
赵新学
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper, including crossbeam frame, crossbeam arm, hand steered device, clamping device, guider, cutter sweep, transmission system.Crossbeam frame is used for rigidly-fixed power plant and crossbeam arm;Crossbeam arm is used for fixed clamp device frame, the spacing of two clamping belts of land wheel and regulation, so as to adapt to different Chinese cabbage cultivars;Guider is used to be oriented to and leaf vegetables is drawn in;Cutter sweep is used to cut the root of Chinese cabbage;Transmission system is used for the power transmission of whole machine.The utility model is flexible for the Chinese cabbage purchase and reserve of different cultivars, and adaptability is good, and efficiency of crop is high; protection for Chinese cabbage during results is preferable, greatly reduces breakage rate, and machine construction is simple; easy to operate, the Chinese cabbage harvest operation for being adapted to small area plantation is used.

Description

A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper
Technical field
The utility model belongs to mechanization of agriculture field, is related to a kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper, completes the folder of Chinese cabbage Hold, fix, cutting the operations such as root.
Background technology
Chinese cabbage is not only containing nutriments such as rich in protein, vitamin and mineral matters, and kind is more, the north Chinese cabbage have that Shandong Jiangzhou Chinese cabbage, Beijing be bluish white, Tianjin Indian mallow leaf Chinese cabbage, the big short Chinese cabbage in northeast, Yangcheng, Shanxi it is big Flash etc..The Chinese cabbage huge market demand, with good economic worth.
The results of Chinese cabbage are carried out mainly by manual work at this stage, are seized with knife or iron and are cut off Chinese cabbage from rhizome portion, so A latter ground is transported to the edge of a field, and labour intensity is big, and operating efficiency is low.China's Chinese cabbage cultivar and species are a lot, Chinese cabbage The difference of form proposes requirements at the higher level to mechanized harvest.
Found through the literature search to prior art, Chinese invention patent " semimounted Chinese cabbage cropper " patent application Number:201410013300.3, there is provided a kind of semimounted Chinese cabbage by pulling attachment, cutter sweep and conveying device harvests Machine, but exist problem be:The device cannot have adaptability to the Chinese cabbage of different cultivars, the growth length and depth of its rhizome There is difference in the thickness of degree and rhizome, easily occurs causing the Chinese cabbage impaired phenomenon of whole strain because power of choosing is not enough; The pulling attachment of design easily causes that Chinese cabbage is toppled over, and its cutter sweep is after pulling attachment, easily because Chinese cabbage is in choosing Cut tiltedly so that cutter easily damage Chinese cabbage, and it cannot be guaranteed that the success rate for harvesting.
China is with the continuous expansion of growth of Chinese cabbage area, and Chinese cabbage production management process recruitment is more, intensity is big, face Face the continuous in short supply of agricultural workforce, Chinese cabbage mechanization harvesting has been difficult to the problems such as compared with strong adaptability, is badly in need of invention a kind of small Type Chinese cabbage cropper and harvesting method, realize that the mechanization of Chinese cabbage is low and damage harvesting, improve harvest efficiency, and Chinese cabbage is produced The sustainability and stability of development are significant.
The content of the invention
A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper of the utility model is adopted the following technical scheme that:Including crossbeam frame, crossbeam arm, lead To device, hand steered device, clamping device, cutter sweep, transmission system.Described crossbeam frame is used for rigidly-fixed power plant and horizontal stroke Beam arm;Described crossbeam arm is used for fixed clamp device frame, the spacing of two clamping belts of land wheel and regulation, so as to adapt to difference Chinese cabbage cultivar;Described guider is used to be oriented to and leaf vegetables is drawn in;Described cutter sweep is used to cut Chinese cabbage Root;Described transmission system is used for the power transmission of whole machine.
Described crossbeam frame be divided into before in after three parts.Front is a platform, for installing conveyer protective cover;In Portion is wing-shaped structure, its two ends extension and crossbeam arm square orifice nested arrangements, and its middle part is provided with two cutter transmission axis holes, And holes is to be arranged symmetrically;Rear is a U-shaped structure platform.
Described crossbeam arm be divided into before in after three parts.Rear upper end square orifice is nested on load bearing cross beam, so that fixed Crossbeam arm, lower end is a gear-box, and the land wheel with whole machine is connected;Middle part is provided with crossbeam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove;Front is One door type structure, its lower surface overlaps with clamping device frame upper surface, and outside is concordant with clamping device frame inner side, so that Fixed clamp device frame.
Described guider is concordant with ground, its front end be an arc surface and with ground into 30 ° of inclinations angle, be fixed on folder Device frame lower front part is held, guide effect and dish leaf gathering effect is played.
Described hand steered device includes hand steered device and connection main body.After described connection main body lower end is installed on crossbeam frame End face, is bolted;Connection main body upper surface is fixed in described hand steered device front end.
Described clamping device includes clamping device frame, belt pulley, belt wheel transmission axle, floating spring, transverse slat, tensioning wheel And clamping belt.Described clamping device frame is divided into upper and lower part, and clamping device upper rack rear end is provided with a through hole, in Portion sets clamping device cutting cutter drive shaft groove, and front end outer side is an earrings;Described clamping device frame is by crossbeam arm front Door type structure is fixed, and its inner surface is concordant with crossbeam arm door type structure outer surface, its upper surface and crossbeam arm door type structure Lower surface overlaps, and crossbeam arm middle beam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove and clamping device middle part clamping device cutting cutter drive shaft Groove in the vertical direction is concordant;Described transverse slat one end is installed on the earrings of clamping device frame front end, and the other end is installed on band Wheel shaft middle part;Described belt wheel transmission axle lower end sets a disk plane, with belt pulley coaxial cooperation, and disc face and belt Wheel lower surface overlaps;Described belt pulley is installed on clamping device frame rear and front end, and front-end belt pulley is arranged on belt wheel transmission On axle, fixed by belt wheel transmission axle lower end disc face and transverse slat;Rear belt pulley is by belt wheel transmission axle lower end disc face and clamping Device frame top bottom surface is fixed;Front belt pulley is driven pulley, and rear belt pulley is driving pulley;Described floating spring It is installed on the earrings of clamping device frame front end, its one end is installed on transverse slat outside, the other end is fixed in clamping device frame, So as to realize that transverse slat floats, and then realize that belt pulley floats;Described tensioning wheel it is vertical be installed on clamping device frame lower Rear, arranges the steamboat of all right one way or the other rotation above and below it, and belt interior side contacts, so that tightening belt;Described clamping Belt is loop configuration, and left and right clamping belt goes in ring in the opposite direction, and speed is identical with the forward speed of whole machine.
Described cutter sweep includes cutting cutter drive shaft and cutter.Described cutting cutter drive shaft is from crossbeam frame Transmission axis hole, passed through the crossbeam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove on crossbeam arm, the clamping device cutter in clamping device frame Moving axis groove is connected with cutter;Described cutter are installed on clamping device frame underside, and near tensioning wheel, two cutting edges Stagger up and down, the shape of two cutter is concave shaped and cutter bottom is into pyramid type, may be such that cutter more closely Face prevents cutter to be absorbed in again simultaneously makes blade breakage in soil.
Described transmission system include power set, conveyer protective cover, cutting driving device for cutter, wheel drive unit With clamping belt drive device.Described power set are installed on the U row platforms of crossbeam frame rear;Described conveyer is protected Shield is identical with crossbeam frame front-end platform structure, is divided into front and rear two parts, and the first half left and right sides is equipped with through hole, is used for Cardan shaft is installed;Latter half inside middle portion is provided with two fixed mounts, and to be arranged symmetrically, for fixed conveyor axle;Institute The cutting driving device for cutter stated is arranged symmetrically, including bevel gear, No. two bevel gears and a power transmission shaft.A described bevel gear It is installed on power plant output shaft middle part;No. two described bevel gears are installed on power transmission shaft two ends and cut the upper of cutter drive shaft End;A described number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears is more than No. two number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears, so as to realize speedup;Described power transmission shaft is installed on No. one On the fixed mount on the protective cover between No. two bevel gears on bevel gear and cutting cutter drive shaft, and No. two cones that one end is installed Bevel gear engagement on gear and power plant output shaft, on No. two bevel gears and cutting cutter drive shaft that the other end is installed No. two bevel gears engagement, for by power by power set be delivered to cutting cutter drive shaft, drive cutter sweep.Described Ground wheel drive unit is arranged symmetrically, including No. three bevel gears, No. four bevel gears, Cardan shaft, vertical power transmission shaft, No. five cones Gear, wheel drive shaft, No. six bevel gears.No. three described bevel gears are installed on power plant output shaft end;Described four Number bevel gear is installed on Cardan shaft one end, and is engaged with No. three bevel gears;No. three described number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears are less than four Number bevel gear, realizes slowing down;Described Cardan shaft is nested structure, is divided into interior axle and outer shaft, is capable of achieving length direction On stretching;No. four bevel gears are installed in described Cardan shaft one end, and the other end installs vertical power transmission shaft, and installs No. four One end middle part of bevel gear is nested in the through hole on protective cover;Described vertical power transmission shaft is installed on the vertical biography on crossbeam arm In shaft hole, one end is installed on cardan drive shaft end, and the other end installs No. five bevel gears;Described ground wheel drive shaft one end On land wheel, the other end installs No. six bevel gears, and ground wheel drive shaft is nested in the land wheel drive shaft hole on crossbeam arm; No. six described bevel gears engage with transmission No. five bevel gears of shaft end vertically, and No. six number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears are more than No. five bevel gears The number of teeth, so as to realize slowing down;Power set are through No. three bevel gears, No. four bevel gears, Cardan shaft, vertical power transmission shafts, five Number bevel gear, No. six bevel gears, are delivered on ground wheel drive shaft, and drivingly wheel is rotated;Described clamping belt drive device pair Claim arrangement, including driven sprocket, drive sprocket and chain.Described drive sprocket is arranged on vertical power transmission shaft;It is described from Movable sprocket is arranged on clamping device frame rear belt wheel transmission axle upper surface, and drive sprocket and driven sprocket upper surface overlap; The described drive sprocket number of teeth is less than the driven sprocket number of teeth, same with the whole machine speed of travel so as to realize clamping belt velocity of rotation Step;Described chain is arranged on drive sprocket and driven sprocket.Power is by vertical power transmission shaft through drive sprocket, chain, driven Sprocket wheel, is delivered on belt wheel transmission axle, so that driving pulley is rotated.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1st, the clamping of Chinese cabbage, fixation are completed, the operations such as root are cut, Chinese cabbage purchase and reserve spirit of the eedle to different cultivars It is living,
Adaptability is good, and efficiency of crop is high.
2nd, machine construction is simple, easy to operate, and the Chinese cabbage harvest operation for being adapted to small area plantation is used.
3rd, the protection for Chinese cabbage during results is preferable, greatly reduces breakage rate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is main view schematic diagram of mechanism of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is plan structure sketch of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is left view structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of the utility model crossbeam arm;
Fig. 6 is the front view structure sketch of the utility model crossbeam arm;
Fig. 7 is the plan structure sketch of the utility model crossbeam arm;
Fig. 8 is the left view structure diagram of the utility model crossbeam arm;
Fig. 9 is the structure diagram of the utility model load bearing cross beam;
Figure 10 is the plan structure sketch of the utility model load bearing cross beam;
Figure 11 is the structure diagram of the utility model clamping device;
Figure 12 is the left view structure diagram of the utility model clamping device;
Figure 13 is the structure diagram of the utility model transmission system;
Figure 14 is the structure diagram of the utility model cutter;
Figure 15 is the front view structure sketch of the utility model cutter;
Figure 16 is the plan structure sketch of the utility model cutter;
In figure:1st, crossbeam frame 2, crossbeam arm 3, clamping device frame 4, guider 5, land wheel 6, power set 7, protection Cover 8, cutter 9, universal joint 10, gear-box 11, cutting cutter drive shaft 12, chain 13, belt pulley 14, transverse slat 15, universal joint are passed Moving axis 16, vertical power transmission shaft 17, belt wheel transmission axle 18, floating spring 19, crossbeam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove 20, square orifice 21, Vertical transmission axis hole 22, land wheel drive shaft hole 23, cutter transmission axis hole 24, hand steered device 25, connection main body 26, clamping device are cut Knife drive axial trough 27, the bevel gear 31, No. four of bevel gear 30, No. three of bevel gear 29, No. two of a tensioning wheel 28, bevel gear 32, Driven sprocket 33,34, No. five bevel gears 35 of drive sprocket, 36, No. six bevel gears of wheel drive shaft.
Specific embodiment
The utility model patent is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.As Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10th, shown in 11,12,13,14,15,16.The machine includes crossbeam frame 1, crossbeam arm 2, hand steered device, guider 4, clamping dress Put, cutter sweep, transmission system.Described crossbeam frame 1 is used for rigidly-fixed power plant 6 and crossbeam arm 2;Described crossbeam arm 2 For fixed clamp device frame 3, the spacing of two clamping belts of land wheel 5 and regulation, so as to adapt to different Chinese cabbage cultivars;Institute The guider 4 stated is used to be oriented to and leaf vegetables is drawn in;Described cutter sweep is used to cut the root of Chinese cabbage;Described transmission System is used for the power transmission of whole machine.
1 point of described crossbeam frame is three parts after in preceding.Front is a platform;Middle part is wing-shaped structure, and its two ends is stretched The nested arrangements of square orifice 20 gone out on part and crossbeam arm 2, its middle part is provided with two cutter transmission axis holes 23, and holes is symmetrical Arrangement;Rear is a U-shaped structure platform.
2 points of described crossbeam arm is three parts after in preceding.Rear upper end square orifice 20 is nested in crossbeam frame 1, so that Fixed cross beam arm 2, lower end is a gear-box 10, is connected with the land wheel 5 of whole machine;Middle part is provided with crossbeam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove 19;Front is a door type structure, and its lower surface overlaps with the upper surface of clamping device frame 3, and in outside and clamping device frame 3 Side is concordant, so that fixed clamp device frame 3.
Described guider 4 is concordant with ground, its front end be an arc surface and with ground into 30 ° of inclinations angle, be fixed on The lower front part of clamping device frame 3, plays guide effect and dish leaf gathering effect.
Described hand steered device includes hand steered device 24 and connection main body 25.The described lower end of connection main body 25 is installed on crossbeam The rear end face of frame 1, is bolted;Connection main body 25 upper surface is fixed in the described front end of hand steered device 24.
Described clamping device includes clamping device frame 3, belt pulley 13, belt wheel transmission axle 17, floating spring 18, transverse slat 14th, tensioning wheel 27 and clamping belt.3 points described of clamping device frame is upper and lower part, the upper rear end of clamping device frame 3 A through hole is provided with, middle part sets all knife drive axial troughs 26, and front end outer side is an earrings;Described clamping device frame 3 is by horizontal stroke The front door type structure of beam arm 2 is fixed, and its inner surface is concordant with the door type structure outer surface of crossbeam arm 2, its upper surface and crossbeam The door type structure lower surface of arm 2 overlaps, and the middle beam arm of crossbeam arm 2 cutting cutter drive shaft groove 19 and clamping device middle part clamping dress Put cutting cutter drive shaft 26 in the vertical directions of groove concordant;Described one end of transverse slat 14 is installed on the front end ear of clamping device frame 3 On ring, the other end is installed on the middle part of belt wheel transmission axle 17;The described lower end of belt wheel transmission axle 17 sets a disk plane, with belt pulley 13 coaxial cooperations, and disc face overlaps with the lower surface of belt pulley 13;Described belt pulley 13 is installed on before and after clamping device frame 3 Two ends, front-end belt pulley 13 is arranged on belt wheel transmission axle 17, is fixed by the lower end disc face of belt wheel transmission axle 17 and transverse slat 14;Afterwards Square belt pulley 13 is fixed by the lower end disc face of belt wheel transmission axle 17 and the top bottom surface of clamping device frame 3;Front belt pulley 13 is Driven pulley, rear belt pulley 13 is driving pulley;Described floating spring 18 is installed on the front end earrings of clamping device frame 3 On, its one end is installed on the outside of transverse slat 14, and the other end is fixed in clamping device frame 3, so as to realize that transverse slat 14 floats, and then Realize that belt pulley 13 floats;Described tensioning wheel 27 it is vertical be installed on the bottom rear of clamping device frame 3, above and below it The steamboat of all right one way or the other rotation is arranged, and clamping belt interior side contacts, so as to be tensioned clamping belt;Described clamping belt is annular Structure, left and right clamping belt goes in ring in the opposite direction, and speed is identical with the forward speed of whole machine.
Described cutter sweep includes cutting cutter drive shaft 11 and cutter 8.Described cutting cutter drive shaft 11 is from crossbeam Cutter transmission axis hole 23 in frame 1, through on the crossbeam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove 19, clamping device frame on crossbeam arm 2 Clamping device cutting cutter drive shaft groove 26 be connected with cutter 8;Described cutter 8 are installed on the downside of clamping device frame 3, And near tensioning wheel 27, the sword of two cutter 8 staggers up and down, and the shape of two cutter 8 is concave shaped and bottom is into pyramid type, can So that the more ground proximity of cutter 8 prevents cutter 8 to be absorbed in again simultaneously makes blade breakage in soil.
Described transmission system include power set 6, conveyer protective cover 7, cutting driving device for cutter, wheel drive dress Put and clamping belt drive device.Described power set 6 are installed on the rear U row platforms of crossbeam frame 1;Described transmission dress Put protective cover 7 identical with the front-end platform structure of crossbeam frame 1, be divided into front and rear two parts, the first half left and right sides is equipped with logical Hole, for installing Cardan shaft 15;Latter half inside middle portion is provided with two fixed mounts, and to be arranged symmetrically, for fixing Power transmission shaft;Described cutting driving device for cutter is arranged symmetrically, including a bevel gear 28, No. two bevel gears 29 and power transmission shafts.Institute The bevel gear 28 stated is installed on the output shaft of power set 6 middle part;No. two described bevel gears 29 are installed on power transmission shaft two ends With the upper end of cutting cutter drive shaft 11;The described number of teeth of bevel gear 28 is more than No. two numbers of teeth of bevel gear 29, so as to realize increasing Speed;Described power transmission shaft is installed on the protective cover between No. two bevel gears 29 on a bevel gear 28 and cutting cutter drive shaft 11 On fixed mount on 7, and one end install No. two bevel gears 29 and the output shaft of power set 6 on a bevel gear 28 engage, The other end install No. two bevel gears 29 and cutting cutter drive shaft 11 on No. two bevel gears 29 engage, for by power by power Device 6 is delivered on cutting cutter drive shaft 11, drives cutter sweep.Described ground wheel drive unit is arranged symmetrically, including No. three 30, No. four bevel gears 31 of bevel gear, Cardan shaft 15,16, No. five bevel gears 34 of vertical power transmission shaft, wheel drive shaft 35, No. six bevel gears 36.No. three described bevel gears 30 are installed on the output shaft end of power set 6;No. four described bevel gears 31 are pacified Loaded on the one end of Cardan shaft 15, and engaged with No. three bevel gears 30;No. three described numbers of teeth of bevel gear 30 are less than No. four cones Gear 31, realizes slowing down;Described Cardan shaft 15 is nested structure, is divided into interior axle and outer shaft, is capable of achieving length direction On stretching;No. four bevel gears 31 are installed in described one end of Cardan shaft 15, and the other end installs vertical power transmission shaft 16, and peace One end middle part for filling No. four bevel gears 31 is nested in the through hole on protective cover 7;Described vertical power transmission shaft 16 is installed on crossbeam In vertical transmission axis hole 21 on arm 2, one end is installed on the end of Cardan shaft 15, and the other end installs No. five bevel gears 34; Described one end of ground wheel drive shaft 35 is arranged on land wheel 5, and the other end installs No. six bevel gears 36, and ground wheel drive shaft 35 is nested In the land wheel drive shaft hole 22 on crossbeam arm 2;No. six described bevel gears 36 and vertical power transmission shaft 16 end five bevel gear 34 engagements, and No. six numbers of teeth of bevel gear 36 are more than No. five numbers of teeth of bevel gear 34, so as to realize slowing down;Power set 6 are through No. three cones Gear 30, No. four bevel gears 31, Cardan shaft 15, vertical power transmission shafts 16,34, No. six bevel gears 35 of No. five bevel gears pass It is delivered on ground wheel drive shaft 35, drives land wheel 5 to rotate;Described clamping belt drive device is arranged symmetrically, including driven sprocket 32nd, drive sprocket 33 and chain 12.Described drive sprocket 33 is arranged on vertical power transmission shaft 16;Described driven sprocket 32 is pacified Overlapped mounted in the upper surface of 3 rear belt wheel transmission axle of clamping device frame 17, and drive sprocket 33 and the upper surface of driven sprocket 32;Institute The number of teeth of drive sprocket 33 stated is less than the number of teeth of driven sprocket 32, same with the whole machine speed of travel so as to realize clamping belt velocity of rotation Step;Described chain 12 is arranged on drive sprocket 33 and driven sprocket 32.Power by vertical power transmission shaft 16 through drive sprocket 33, Chain 12, driven sprocket 32, are delivered on belt wheel transmission axle 17, so that driving belt pulley 13 is rotated.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper, it is characterised in that including:Crossbeam frame, crossbeam arm, guider, hand steered device, Clamping device, cutter sweep, transmission system;
Described crossbeam frame be divided into before in after three parts;Front is a platform;Middle part is wing-shaped structure, its two ends extension With crossbeam arm square orifice nested arrangements, its middle part is provided with two cutter transmission axis holes, and holes to be arranged symmetrically;Rear is a U Shape structure platform;
Described crossbeam arm be divided into before in after three parts;Rear upper end square orifice is nested on load bearing cross beam, so that fixed cross beam Arm, lower end is a gear-box, and the land wheel with whole machine is connected;Middle part is provided with crossbeam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove;Front is one Type structure, its lower surface overlaps with clamping device frame upper surface, and outside is concordant with clamping device frame inner side, so that fixed Clamping device frame;
Described guider is concordant with ground, its front end be an arc surface and with ground into 30 ° of inclinations angle, be fixed on clamping dress Put frame lower front end;
Described hand steered device includes hand steered device and connection main body;Described connection main body lower end is installed on crossbeam frame rear end Face, is bolted;Connection main body upper surface is fixed in described hand steered device front end;
Described clamping device includes clamping device frame, belt pulley, belt wheel transmission axle, floating spring, transverse slat, tensioning wheel and folder Hold belt;Described clamping device frame is divided into upper and lower part, and clamping device upper rack rear end is provided with a through hole, and middle part sets One clamping device cuts cutter drive shaft groove, and front end outer side is an earrings;Described clamping device frame is by crossbeam arm front gate Structure is fixed, and its inner surface is concordant with crossbeam arm door type structure outer surface, its upper surface and crossbeam arm door type structure following table Face overlaps, and crossbeam arm middle beam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove exists with clamping device middle part clamping device cutting cutter drive shaft groove It is concordant on vertical direction;Described transverse slat one end is installed on the earrings of clamping device frame front end, and the other end is installed on belt wheel biography Moving axis middle part;Described belt wheel transmission axle lower end sets a disk plane, under belt pulley coaxial cooperation, and disc face and belt pulley End face overlaps;Described belt pulley is installed on clamping device frame rear and front end, and front-end belt pulley is arranged on belt wheel transmission axle, Fixed by belt wheel transmission axle lower end disc face and transverse slat;Rear belt pulley is by belt wheel transmission axle lower end disc face and clamping device machine Frame top bottom surface is fixed;Front belt pulley is driven pulley, and rear belt pulley is driving pulley;Described floating spring is installed on On the earrings of clamping device frame front end, its one end is installed on transverse slat outside, and the other end is fixed in clamping device frame, so that real Existing transverse slat floats, and then realizes that belt pulley floats;Described tensioning wheel it is vertical be installed on clamping device frame lower rear, its Above and below arrange the steamboat of all right one way or the other rotation, and belt interior side contacts, so that tightening belt;Described clamping belt is ring Shape structure, left and right clamping belt goes in ring in the opposite direction, and speed is identical with the forward speed of whole machine;
Described cutter sweep includes cutting cutter drive shaft and cutter;Biography of the described cutting cutter drive shaft from crossbeam frame Shaft hole, cutter drive shaft is cut through the crossbeam arm cutting cutter drive shaft groove on crossbeam arm, the clamping device in clamping device frame Groove is connected with cutter;Described cutter are installed on clamping device frame underside, and near tensioning wheel, two cutting edges are upper and lower Stagger, the shape of two cutter is concave shaped and cutter bottom is into pyramid type, may be such that cutter more ground proximity is same When prevent from cutter to be absorbed in again making blade breakage in soil;
Described transmission system include power set, conveyer protective cover, cutting driving device for cutter, wheel drive unit and folder Hold belt drive;Described power set are installed on the U row platforms of crossbeam frame rear;Described conveyer protective cover It is identical with crossbeam frame front-end platform structure, it is divided into front and rear two parts, the first half left and right sides is equipped with through hole, for installing Cardan shaft;Latter half inside middle portion is provided with two fixed mounts, and to be arranged symmetrically, for fixed conveyor axle;Described Cutting driving device for cutter is arranged symmetrically, including bevel gear, No. two bevel gears and a power transmission shaft;A described bevel gear is installed In power plant output shaft middle part;No. two described bevel gears are installed on the upper end of power transmission shaft two ends and cutting cutter drive shaft;Institute The number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears stated is more than No. two number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears, so as to realize speedup;Described power transmission shaft is installed on a cone tooth On the fixed mount on the protective cover between No. two bevel gears on wheel and cutting cutter drive shaft, and No. two bevel gears that one end is installed With the bevel gear engagement on power plant output shaft, on No. two bevel gears and cutting cutter drive shaft two that the other end is installed The engagement of number bevel gear, for power to be delivered into cutting cutter drive shaft by power set, drives cutter sweep;Described land wheel Drive device is arranged symmetrically, including No. three bevel gears, No. four bevel gears, Cardan shaft, vertical power transmission shaft, No. five cone teeth Wheel, wheel drive shaft, No. six bevel gears;No. three described bevel gears are installed on power plant output shaft end;Described No. four Bevel gear is installed on Cardan shaft one end, and is engaged with No. three bevel gears;No. three described number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears are less than No. four Bevel gear, realizes slowing down;Described Cardan shaft is nested structure, is divided into interior axle and outer shaft, is capable of achieving on length direction Stretching;No. four bevel gears are installed in described Cardan shaft one end, and the other end installs vertical power transmission shaft, and installs No. four cones One end middle part of gear is nested in the through hole on protective cover;Described vertical power transmission shaft is installed on the vertical transmission on crossbeam arm In axis hole, one end is installed on cardan drive shaft end, and the other end installs No. five bevel gears;Described ground wheel drive shaft one end peace On land wheel, the other end installs No. six bevel gears, and ground wheel drive shaft is nested in the land wheel drive shaft hole on crossbeam arm;Institute No. six bevel gears stated engage with transmission No. five bevel gears of shaft end vertically, and No. six number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears are more than No. five bevel gear teeths Number, so as to realize slowing down;Power set are through No. three bevel gears, No. four bevel gears, Cardan shaft, vertical power transmission shafts, No. five Bevel gear, No. six bevel gears, are delivered on ground wheel drive shaft, and drivingly wheel is rotated;Described clamping belt drive device is symmetrical Arrangement, including driven sprocket, drive sprocket and chain;Described drive sprocket is arranged on vertical power transmission shaft;Described is driven Sprocket wheel is arranged on clamping device frame rear belt wheel transmission axle upper surface, and drive sprocket and driven sprocket upper surface overlap;Institute The drive sprocket number of teeth stated is less than the driven sprocket number of teeth, so as to realize that clamping belt velocity of rotation is synchronous with the whole machine speed of travel; Described chain is arranged on drive sprocket and driven sprocket;Power is by vertical power transmission shaft through drive sprocket, chain, driven chain Wheel, is delivered on belt wheel transmission axle, so that driving pulley is rotated.
CN201621390614.6U 2016-12-16 2016-12-16 A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper Withdrawn - After Issue CN206260308U (en)

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CN201621390614.6U CN206260308U (en) 2016-12-16 2016-12-16 A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN206260308U true CN206260308U (en) 2017-06-20

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106489419A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-03-15 山东农业大学 A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper and harvesting method
CN108207299A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-06-29 山东农业大学 A kind of multi items ecad leaf vegetables cropper and harvesting method
CN108605513A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-10-02 盐城工业职业技术学院 The Fu He mechanisms of bundle all-in-one machine are cut suitable for leafy vegetable
CN108718668A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-02 河北机电职业技术学院 Pineapple picking machine
CN108990531A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-12-14 刘荷花 A kind of booth vegetable harvesting robotic
CN109197125A (en) * 2018-06-26 2019-01-15 西南大学 A kind of electronic hot pickled mustard tuber cutter device
CN111296056A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-19 和县海豪蔬菜种植有限责任公司 Device and method for alternately planting wild rice shoots and facility vegetables

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106489419A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-03-15 山东农业大学 A kind of small-sized Chinese cabbage cropper and harvesting method
CN108207299A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-06-29 山东农业大学 A kind of multi items ecad leaf vegetables cropper and harvesting method
CN108605513A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-10-02 盐城工业职业技术学院 The Fu He mechanisms of bundle all-in-one machine are cut suitable for leafy vegetable
CN108718668A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-02 河北机电职业技术学院 Pineapple picking machine
CN109197125A (en) * 2018-06-26 2019-01-15 西南大学 A kind of electronic hot pickled mustard tuber cutter device
CN108990531A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-12-14 刘荷花 A kind of booth vegetable harvesting robotic
CN108990531B (en) * 2018-08-13 2021-08-06 蔚蓝计划(北京)科技有限公司 Greenhouse vegetable harvesting robot
CN111296056A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-19 和县海豪蔬菜种植有限责任公司 Device and method for alternately planting wild rice shoots and facility vegetables

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