CN204408944U - Toothed roller type carrot removes native device - Google Patents

Toothed roller type carrot removes native device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204408944U
CN204408944U CN201420795953.7U CN201420795953U CN204408944U CN 204408944 U CN204408944 U CN 204408944U CN 201420795953 U CN201420795953 U CN 201420795953U CN 204408944 U CN204408944 U CN 204408944U
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China
Prior art keywords
native
roller
carrot
roller tooth
installing plate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420795953.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王家胜
李建东
杨然兵
于艳
杨诚
王建刚
尚书旗
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of tooth rod formula carrot for carrot combined harvester and removes native device, comprise native roller power transmission shaft and remove native roller monomer, monomer comprises roller tooth installing plate, removes native roller tooth and Socket welding component, native roller tooth is gone to be arranged on roller tooth installing plate, two roller tooth installing plates are bolted on Socket welding component, Socket welding component and going is bolted fixing between native power transmission shaft, structure is simple, is easy to dismounting maintenance.Go to the two ends of native roller power transmission shaft to be fixed on forebay, and drive it to rotate by drive sprocket.The native roller tooth that goes of adjacent two rows is interspersed, and improves the work area of soil clearly, prevents Lou clear problem.Going between the installing hole of native roller tooth and roller tooth installing plate is interference fit, and not only structure is simple, and easy accessibility, is convenient to the maintenance of native device, nursing.Toothed roller type go the rotation of native device to go the earthwork to clamping with carrot, to promote throughput direction identical, both removed the earth on carrot, and be also unlikely to damage carrot.

Description

Toothed roller type carrot removes native device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural mechanical equipment field, particularly relates to a kind of toothed roller type carrot for carrot combined harvester and removes native device.
Background technology
China is the maximum country of whole world growth of carrot area, and gross yield accounts for 40% of the total cultivated area of world carrot.But China's major part growth of carrot area is main based on artificial harvesting approach, and labour intensity is large, and inefficiency, has had a strong impact on the in good time results of carrot, limits China's carrot industry production scale.
At present, carrot combined harvester forms system in the development of developed country, substantially can be divided into towed and self-propelled two classes.European and American areas country is main adopts large-scale side pulled behind combine, and not only operating efficiency is high, and saves a large amount of labour, is applicable to large-area cropping pattern.The extensive carrot production base of China mainly relies on the carrot harvest machinery of Introduced From Abroad advanced person to solve the results problem on farm.But, there is following problem: (1) external carrot reaping machine is expensive, and after-sales service cost is high, beyond the purchasing power of peasant; (2) plant agronomy difference both at home and abroad, external carrot reaping machine is not suitable with the planting requirement of domestic variety.Therefore, exploitation is applicable to the carrot combined harvester of China's national situation, meets production requirement, improves carrot mechanized operation level, increases farmers' income significant.
Application for a patent for invention CN 103931335A provides a kind of carrot clamping excavation bat soil and cuts tassel reaping machine, comprises tractor, gripping conveyor structure, digger blade, back and forth soil body, cuts tassel cutting knife, conveyer and feed bin.Feed bin is arranged on tractor chassis, and gripping conveyor structure and frame are fixedly connected, and gripping conveyor structure is by belt, regulating wheel and entrust hold down gag and form, digger blade, back and forth soil body, cut tassel cutting knife, conveyer is fixed in frame.Reciprocal soil body is made up of slider-crank mechanism, is shaken by the earth sticked on carrot block root by moving back and forth to pat.Rotary cutting tassel cutting knife horizontal direction rotates, carrot is fixed by geometrical clamp, when preventing from cutting, carrot swings in the horizontal direction, cut the tassel that tassel cutting knife cuts off carrot, carrot block root enters conveyer and finally enters feed bin, carrot tops continues motion on gripping conveyor structure, and arrive gripping conveyor structure end and fall into collecting box, efficiency of crop is high.
But the carrot reaping machine structure described in this application for a patent for invention is simple, and still come with some shortcomings part: (1) back and forth casting mechanism removes soil by vibration, easily damages carrot, and be difficult to ensure the soil on carrot to remove totally; (2) gripping conveyor structure structure is simple, causes carrot in course of conveying easily to drop; (3) single file results, inefficiency, simultaneously serious to field soil compaction.
Utility model content
In order to solve prior art Problems existing, the utility model provides a kind of self-propelled duplicate rows carrot combined harvester.Described carrot reaping machine can complete two row carrots simultaneously and excavate, clamps conveying, the separation of root leaf, removes the operation function such as soil and collection receipts.
The technical solution of the utility model is: self-propelled duplicate rows carrot combined harvester, comprise caterpillar chassis, hydraulic system and frame, described frame comprises forebay and afer bay, and forebay is arranged on the front end, power take-off side of caterpillar chassis, and afer bay is fixed on caterpillar chassis.Described forebay is provided with gauge wheel, excavating gear, holds up standing grain gatherer, oblique clamping convey device, remove native device and pull together to cut seedlings device, and described afer bay is provided with horizontal belt conveying plant and promotes collection fruit device.
Described gauge wheel and excavating gear are arranged on the front bottom end of forebay, described oblique clamping convey device is in tilted layout above excavating gear, the described front end holding up standing grain gatherer to be arranged on oblique clamping convey device, describedly go native Plant arrangement on the downside of oblique clamping convey device stage casing, the rear portion of described oblique clamping convey device is provided with to pull together cuts seedlings device.Described horizontal belt conveying plant is arranged on the bottom pulling together and cut seedlings device, and described lifting collection fruit device is arranged on the right side of horizontal belt conveying plant.Described caterpillar chassis by transmission system with oblique clamping convey device, horizontal belt conveying plant with go native device to be connected respectively; Described hydraulic system and excavating gear, standing grain gatherer, horizontal belt conveying plant is held up to collect fruit device be connected respectively with promoting.Described gauge wheel regulates the position of gauge wheel by electric screw push rod, thus controls excavating depth, and gauge wheel device has the effect of profiling simultaneously.
Native device is gone to comprise native roller power transmission shaft and remove native roller monomer, describedly go native roller monomer to comprise roller tooth installing plate, remove native roller tooth and Socket welding component, describedly native roller tooth is gone to be arranged on roller tooth installing plate, two roller tooth installing plates are bolted on Socket welding component, Socket welding component and going is bolted fixing between native power transmission shaft, structure is simple, is convenient to the adjustment of position, is easy to dismounting maintenance.Describedly native roller tooth is gone to be the elastomeric material of column; The described two ends of native roller power transmission shaft of going are fixed on forebay, and drive it to rotate by drive sprocket.The described material of native roller tooth that goes is soft rubber material, good springiness, rotating and going to be not easy to hurt carrot in native process, reducing the mechanical damage of carrot in this process removing native device.The described length of native roller tooth of going is 90-100mm, described in go the diameter of native roller tooth to be 14-16mm; The cross section of described roller tooth installing plate is circular or regular polygon, and the limit number of described regular polygon is 2N, 3≤N≤5; Described roller tooth installing plate is bolted by roller tooth installing plate I and roller tooth installing plate II and forms.Described roller tooth installing plate is longitudinally arranged 2N venting soil roller tooth, 3≤N≤5; The native roller tooth that goes of described adjacent two rows is interspersed, and improves the work area of soil clearly, prevents Lou clear problem.Be interference fit between the described installing hole removing native roller tooth and roller tooth installing plate, native roller tooth tail end will be gone directly to fill in installing hole, not only structure is simple, and easy accessibility, is convenient to the maintenance of native device, nursing.Described roller tooth installing plate is connected with Socket welding component by bolt.Described toothed roller type goes native device operation to be driven by Chain conveyer by the power take-off be associated with the reaping machine speed of travel, achieving carrot results speed goes native speed to coordinate mutually with removing native device, and what improve carrot combined harvester goes native effect.Described toothed roller type go the rotation of native device to go the earthwork to clamping with carrot, to promote throughput direction identical, both removed the earth on carrot, and be also unlikely to damage carrot.
Described excavating gear comprises teeth, spade and digs dark adjusting rod; Described teeth is arranged on the front end of spade, described in dig dark adjusting rod one end be connected with spade stage casing, described in dig dark adjusting rod the other end be connected with forebay.Described gauge wheel is arranged on the right side front of forebay, and described gauge wheel is connected with forebay by electric screw push rod.Excavating gear can according to the actual upgrowth situation of carrot, excavating depth is changed by digging dark adjusting rod, angle design between teeth and spade is adjustable, ensures suitable angle of penetration while can realizing different excavating depth, effectively reduces the working resistance of carrot harvest operation.
The described front end holding up standing grain gatherer to be arranged on rack beams, described in hold up standing grain gatherer comprise rotate standing grain-supporting roll, hydraulic motor and guide post.Described hydraulic system is connected with hydraulic motor, and is rotated by fluid motor-driven standing grain-supporting roll, and described guide post is arranged on the below rotating standing grain-supporting roll.During work, fluid motor-driven standing grain-supporting roll rotates, and is more conducive to the carrot rice shoot of lodging to be propped up with fixing grain lifter, and the clamping being easy to realize the whole rice shoot of follow-up carrot is carried and digs the work of pulling out, and decreases rice shoot and is wound around and blocking, reduce leakage yield.Guide post is conducive to carrot seedling leaf to be put together to import between clamping conveyer belts.
Described oblique clamping convey device comprises two to (four) rack beams, every root rack beams is provided with clamping driving wheel, clamping driven pulley, clamping rubber belt and tensioner apparatus, described clamping driving wheel and clamping driven pulley are arranged on the two ends of clamping rubber belt, and described rack beams is arranged on the upside of clamping rubber belt.Clamping driving wheel rotarily drives the running of clamping rubber belt strip winding wheel and realizes carrying the clamping of carrot plant.Described tensioner apparatus comprise be arranged on clamping driving wheel and clamping driven pulley between clamping rubber belt on multiple regulating wheels, the arrangement mode of described regulating wheel is that middle close two ends are dredged, make the forward and backward both ends open of oblique clamping band slightly large, stage casing chucking power is tighter.Front opening is conducive to cooperation to be held up standing grain gatherer to import whole strain carrot seedling leaf to enter clamping device, and open rearward end is cut seedling process avoid cauline leaf to be pulled off to reduce carrot pulling together; The larger chucking power in stage casing avoids course of conveying fruit phenomenon due to what go to cause in the stirring of native roller.
Described pulling together is cut seedlings device and is comprised fruit shading plate, double-arc spline cutting knife and horizontal clamping convey device.Described fruit shading plate to be put in rack beams on the downside of oblique clamping convey device, is removed the rear side of native roller, and under the effect of fruit shading plate, carrot top is stopped and pulled together, and cuts stubble neat when ensureing that postorder cuts top.Described horizontal clamping convey device is arranged on the upside of fruit shading plate, and avoid carrot to come off in the process being transferred to horizontal feed by oblique conveying, auxiliary postorder cuts top operation; Described two-disc cutter is arranged on the rear end of fruit shading plate, for Carrot Roots leaf cutting and separating.
Described horizontal belt conveying plant comprises driving drum, driven drum, gear fruit roller, horizontal conveying belt, backing roll and hydraulic motor II.Described driving drum, driven drum are separately positioned on the two ends of horizontal conveying belt, and described backing roll is arranged on and drives between drum and driven drum.The A end of described gear fruit roller is arranged on lifting collection fruit device portal away from pulling together the side of cutting seedlings device, and the B end of described gear fruit roller is arranged on horizontal belt conveying plant one end away from lifting collection fruit device, the front end of described B end reaping machine more close than A end.
Described hydraulic motor II provides power by driving drum for horizontal conveying belt; Carrot falls the front end of conveyer belt after cutting seedlings device cutting, and carrot is carried by conveyer belt backward, encounters the gear fruit roller of tilting reversion and is blocked, being then slipped to and promoting on collection fruit device.Clamping conveying by level after carrot leaf is cut leaves on the horizontal conveying belt at gear fruit roller rear, transmits directly throw the Tanaka gathered in the crops through horizontal conveying belt.
Described lifting collection fruit device comprises carrier chain device, grizzly bar conveyer belt, backboard, side shield and hydraulic motor I, described hydraulic motor I drives the running of grizzly bar conveyer belt by carrier chain device, described backboard is arranged on the end of grizzly bar conveyer belt, and described side shield is arranged on the both sides of grizzly bar conveyer belt; Leave the gap of about 15mm between the grizzly bar of grizzly bar conveyer belt, the earth that carrot remains in course of conveying spills through gap, realizes secondary and removes soil.The described end promoting collection fruit device is also provided with bracing frame, and afer bay is provided with auxiliary frame.Grid conveyer belt, first through horizontal feed, then carry obliquely, when being thrown to after carrot elevator to certain altitude in the collection fruit bag be fixed on bracing frame and auxiliary frame, completes results process.
First described transmission system is rotated by the power take-off band transmission system drives main shaft of caterpillar chassis, sprocket wheel VI on main shaft through Chain conveyer to sprocket wheel IV, pass to sprocket wheel II again, pass to the clamping driving wheel of oblique clamping induction system again through bevel gear system and cardan drive bar, thus drive the running of rubber clamping band.Transmission of power to sprocket wheel III, then to pass to transmission of power after sprocket wheel I through bevel gear system to horizontal clamping convey device by sprocket wheel IV.Spindle sprocket first through sprocket wheel V again by transmission of power to removing native roller arrangement.
Described hydraulic system comprises four oil circuits.First oil circuit by hydraulic cylinder I for controlling fore-stock around main axis, thus the burying and the rise of excavating gear under off working state of excavating gear under realizing duty.Second oil circuit is connected with hydraulic motor II the rotation driving and rotate standing grain-supporting roll.3rd oil circuit is connected with hydraulic motor III and drives horizontal belt conveyor running; 4th oil circuit is connected with hydraulic motor IV to drive to promote and collects fruit device and operate.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
(1) the utility model by grain lifter device, excavating gear, remove native device, pull together cut seedlings device, conveying plant, rice seedlings transplanter, collection fruit device form, the excavation of 2 row carrots, clamping conveying, the separation of root leaf can be completed simultaneously, go Tu Heji to be incorporated as industry, be beneficial to the mechanization degree improving carrot harvest operation, improve operating efficiency;
(2) the utility model have employed rotary grain lifter device, whole for carrot strain rice shoot can be propped up, is imported clamping convey device, reduce in course of conveying fall fruit rate;
(3) the utility model adopts penetrating angle and all adjustable excavating gear of excavating depth, can complete digging operation according to the actual upgrowth situation of different regions carrot;
(4) the utility model adopt go native roller arrangement and grid to promote conveyer belt is dual removes soil, effectively can remove the earth in carrot;
(5) the utility model adopts gauge wheel device and floating hydraulic cylinder to control the excavating depth of digger blade, can regulate the embedded depth of digger blade simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is one of structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is structural representation two of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation promoting collection fruit device and horizontal belt conveying plant of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of native device;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of native roller monomer;
Fig. 6 is stereogram of the present utility model;
Wherein, 1, teeth, 2, gauge wheel, 3, spade, 4, dig dark adjusting rod, 5, forebay, 6, hydraulic cylinder I, 7, hydraulic system, 8, caterpillar chassis, 9, afer bay, 10, horizontal clamping convey device, 11, sprocket wheel I, 12, double-arc spline cutting knife, 13, clamping driving wheel, 14, sprocket wheel II, 15, sprocket wheel III, 16, fruit shading plate, 17, sprocket wheel IV, 18, sprocket wheel V, 19, sprocket wheel VI, 21, remove native device, 22, tensioner apparatus, 23, clamping rubber belt, 24, electric pushrod, 25, hydraulic motor II, 26, clamping driven pulley, 27, rotate standing grain-supporting roll, 28, guide post, 29, rack beams, 30, main shaft, 31, bevel gear system, 32, cardan drive bar, 33, horizontal conveying belt, 34, auxiliary frame, 35, belt transmission system, 36, power take-off, 37, bracing frame, 38, hydraulic motor I, 39, driven drum, 40, gear fruit roller, 41, backing roll, 42, drive drum, 43, hydraulic motor III, 44, carrier chain device, 45, grizzly bar conveyer belt, 46, side shield, 47, backboard, 48, remove native roller monomer, 49, remove native roller power transmission shaft, 50, Socket welding component, 51, rolling bearing units, 52, remove native roller tooth, 53, roller tooth installing plate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further.
Embodiment 1:
Self-propelled duplicate rows carrot combined harvester, comprise caterpillar chassis 8, hydraulic system 7 and frame, described frame comprises forebay 5 and afer bay 9, and forebay 5 is arranged on the front end, power take-off 36 side of caterpillar chassis 8, and afer bay 9 is fixed on caterpillar chassis 8.Described forebay is provided with gauge wheel 2, excavating gear, holds up standing grain gatherer, oblique clamping convey device, remove native device and pull together to cut seedlings device, and described afer bay is provided with horizontal belt conveying plant and promotes collection fruit device.Described gauge wheel 2 and excavating gear are arranged on the front bottom end of forebay 5, described oblique clamping convey device is in tilted layout above excavating gear, the described front end holding up standing grain gatherer to be arranged on oblique clamping convey device, describedly go native Plant arrangement on the downside of oblique clamping convey device stage casing, the rear portion of described oblique clamping convey device is provided with to pull together cuts seedlings device.Described horizontal belt conveying plant is arranged on the bottom pulling together and cut seedlings device, and described lifting collection fruit device is arranged on the right side of horizontal belt conveying plant.Described caterpillar chassis by transmission system with oblique clamping convey device, horizontal belt conveying plant with go native device to be connected respectively; Described hydraulic system and excavating gear, standing grain gatherer, horizontal belt conveying plant is held up to collect fruit device be connected respectively with promoting.
Spade 3 is articulated with forebay 5 bottom side, and teeth 1 is arranged on spade 3 front end, and the one end digging dark adjusting rod 4 is hinged on spade 3 stage casing, and the other end is connected with forebay 5.Rack beams 29 and be arranged on clamping driving wheel 13 in rack beams 29, clamping driven pulley 26, clamping rubber belt 23 and tensioner apparatus 22 form oblique clamping convey device and be arranged on the upside of forebay 5, the quantity of rack beams is two right.Clamping driving wheel 13 and clamping driven pulley 26 are arranged on the two ends of clamping rubber belt 23, and rack beams 29 is arranged on the upside of clamping rubber belt 23.Described rack beams 29 front end be provided with rotate standing grain-supporting roll 27, hydraulic motor 25 and guide post 28 composition hold up standing grain gatherer, for propping up and importing between clamping conveyer belts.Native device 21 is gone to be arranged in downside in the middle part of oblique clamping convey device.
Native device 21 is gone to comprise native roller power transmission shaft 49 and remove native roller monomer 48, native roller power transmission shaft 49 is gone to be fixed in clamping frame by two rolling bearing units 51, drive sprocket 18 is installed on the left of it, and two covers remove native roller monomer 48 and go to be bolted between native power transmission shaft 49.The described native roller power transmission shaft 49 that goes is for hollow circular-tube.Go native roller monomer 48 to comprise roller tooth installing plate 53, remove native roller tooth 52 and Socket welding component 50, native roller tooth 52 is gone to be arranged on roller tooth installing plate 53, two roller tooth installing plates 53 are bolted on Socket welding component 50, and Socket welding component 50 and going is bolted fixing between native power transmission shaft 49.Describedly native roller tooth 52 is gone to be the soft rubber material of column.The described length of native roller tooth of going is 95mm, described in go the diameter of native roller tooth to be 15mm.The cross section of roller tooth installing plate 53 is regular hexagon.Described roller tooth installing plate 53 is bolted by roller tooth installing plate I and roller tooth installing plate II and forms.Described roller tooth installing plate 53 is longitudinally arranged 6 venting soil roller teeth.The native roller tooth that goes of described adjacent two rows is interspersed, and prevents Lou clear problem.It is interference fit between the described installing hole removing native roller tooth 52 and roller tooth installing plate 53.Roller tooth installing plate 53 is connected with Socket welding component 50 by bolt.Described toothed roller type goes native device operation to be driven by Chain conveyer by the power take-off 36 be associated with the reaping machine speed of travel, achieving carrot results speed goes native speed to coordinate mutually with removing native device, and what improve carrot combined harvester goes native effect.Described toothed roller type go the rotation of native device to go the earthwork to clamping with carrot, to promote throughput direction identical, both removed the earth on carrot, and be also unlikely to damage carrot.
Gauge wheel 2 is arranged on forebay 5 right side front, and described gauge wheel 2 regulates the relative position of gauge wheel 2 and forebay 5 by controlling electric screw push rod 24, thus adjustment excavating depth.The rear end that seedlings device is arranged in described forebay 5 is cut in pulling together of fruit shading plate 16, double-arc spline cutting knife 12 and horizontal clamping convey device 10 composition.Carrot encounters the fruit shading plate 16 of horizontal positioned in oblique clamping course of conveying, and under the effect of fruit shading plate 16, carrot top is stopped and pulled together, and cuts stubble neat when ensureing that postorder cuts top.Described horizontal clamping convey device 10 is arranged on the upside of described fruit shading plate 16, and major function transfers carrot plant to horizontal feed from oblique conveying, and auxiliary postorder cuts top operation.Two-disc cutter 12 is arranged on fruit shading plate 16 rear end, for Carrot Roots leaf cutting and separating.
Described afer bay 9 is arranged on the downside of forebay rear end.Be arranged on the left of afer bay 9 by the horizontal belt conveying plant driving drum 42, driven drum 39, gear fruit roller 40, horizontal conveying belt 33, backing roll 41 and hydraulic motor 43 form.Hydraulic motor 43 drives and drives drum 42 to provide power for horizontal conveying belt 33, cut the front end that the carrot after seedling falls horizontal conveying belt 33, carrot is carried by horizontal conveying belt 33 backward, is slipped on the lifting collection fruit device on right side after encountering the gear fruit roller 40 of tilting reversion.Clamping conveying device 10 by level after carrot leaf is cut leaves on the horizontal conveying belt 33 at gear fruit roller 40 rear, transmits directly throw Tanaka through conveyer belt.Described lifting collection fruit Plant arrangement is on the right side of horizontal clamping convey device 10, comprise grizzly bar conveyer belt 45, baffle conveying 47, carrier chain device 44, side shield 46, bracing frame 37 and hydraulic motor 38, hydraulic motor 38 drives grizzly bar conveyer belt 45 operation.Grizzly bar conveyer belt 45 first through horizontal feed, then carry obliquely will be thrown into fixing support rack 37 and auxiliary frame 34 after carrot elevator to certain altitude collection fruit bag in.Leave the gap of about 15mm between the grizzly bar of grizzly bar conveyer belt 45, the earth that carrot remains in course of conveying spills through gap, realizes secondary and removes soil.
Power drive system drive path: first rotated through belt transmission system 35 drive shaft 30 by the power take-off 36 of caterpillar chassis, sprocket wheel VI 19 on main shaft 30 through Chain conveyer to sprocket wheel IV 17, pass to sprocket wheel II 14 again, then drive rubber clamping band 23 to operate through the clamping driving wheel 13 that bevel gear system 31 and cardan drive bar 32 pass to oblique clamping induction system; Transmission of power to sprocket wheel III 15, then to pass to transmission of power after sprocket wheel I 11 through bevel gear system to horizontal clamping convey device 10 by sprocket wheel IV17; Spindle sprocket VI 19 first through sprocket wheel V 18 again by transmission of power to removing native roller arrangement 21.
Hydraulic system drive path: hydraulic system 7 one oil circuits by hydraulic cylinder I 6 for controlling fore-stock 5 the burying and the rise of excavating gear under off working state of excavating gear under main shaft 30 rotates thus realizes duty; Hydraulic system 7 second oil circuits are connected with hydraulic motor II 25 rotation driving and rotate standing grain-supporting roll 27; Hydraulic system 7 the 3rd oil circuit is connected with hydraulic motor III43 and drives horizontal belt conveyor running; Hydraulic system 7 the 4th oil circuit be connected with hydraulic motor IV 38 drive promote collect fruit device operate.
Before the work of self-propelled duplicate rows carrot combined harvester, need to carry out following several respects adjustment: (1) rotates folding angle and the height of standing grain-supporting roll 27 according to the lodging situation adjustment of the agriculture requirement of local growth of carrot and rice shoot; (2) dig the control element electric pushrod 24 of dark adjusting rod 4, gauge wheel 2 according to the adjustment of carrot actual upgrowth situation, ensure while making it reach required excavating depth to have suitable angle of penetration, can more easily break ground; (3) open 3 two-position four-way valves of hydraulic control motor, make grain lifter 27, horizontal belt transport conveyer belt 33 and promote collection fruit device grizzly bar conveyer belt 45 preferentially to operate.In work, rotate standing grain-supporting roll 27 and propped up by carrot rice shoot, digger blade 2 is by the mamoty pine below carrot simultaneously.Rice shoot is fed between two clamping rubber belts 23 under guide post 28 is guided, and carrot is pulled up by clamping and carries obliquely, and in the middle of oblique course of conveying, the native device 21 that goes being arranged on below removes earth on carrot.When carrot is transported to certain altitude, rice shoot enters the gap between two fruit shading plates 16 being arranged in rack beams 29, and when carrot top contacts with fruit shading plate 16, catenary motion is prevented from, and carrot top is adjacent to fruit shading plate 16 and realizes pulling together.Carrot rice shoot enters horizontal clamping convey device 10 and changes horizontal feed into from oblique conveying afterwards, is separated by Carrot Roots leaf backward in clamping conveying through two-disc cutter 12.Clamping conveying device 10 by level after carrot leaf is cut leaves on the horizontal conveying belt 33 at gear fruit roller 40 rear, transmits directly throw Tanaka through conveyer belt.Carrot falls the front end of horizontal conveying belt 33 after cutting leaf, carrot is carried by horizontal conveying belt 33 backward, encounters the gear fruit roller 23 of tilting reversion, is slipped on the grizzly bar conveyer belt 45 of lifting collection fruit device on right side after being blocked.Leave the gap of about 15mm between the grizzly bar of grizzly bar conveyer belt 45, carrot residual earth in lifting course of conveying spills through gap, realizes secondary and removes soil; When being thrown to after carrot elevator to certain altitude in the collection fruit bag be fixed on bracing frame 37 and auxiliary frame 34, complete results process.
Embodiment 2:
As different from Example 1, described in go the length of native roller tooth to be 90mm, described in go the diameter of native roller tooth to be 16mm.The cross section of roller tooth installing plate 53 is circular.Described roller tooth installing plate 53 is longitudinally arranged 8 venting soil roller teeth.
Embodiment 3:
As different from Example 1, described in go the length of native roller tooth to be 100mm, described in go the diameter of native roller tooth to be 14mm.The cross section of roller tooth installing plate 53 is octagon.Described roller tooth installing plate 53 is longitudinally arranged 8 venting soil roller teeth.
Embodiment 4:
As different from Example 1, described in go the length of native roller tooth to be 90mm, described in go the diameter of native roller tooth to be 15mm.The cross section of roller tooth installing plate 53 is regualr decagon.Described roller tooth installing plate 53 is longitudinally arranged 10 venting soil roller teeth.

Claims (6)

1. toothed roller type carrot removes native device, it is characterized in that: comprise native roller power transmission shaft (49) and go native roller monomer (48), describedly go native roller monomer (48) to comprise roller tooth installing plate (53), remove native roller tooth (52) and Socket welding component (50), describedly go native roller tooth (52) to be arranged on roller tooth installing plate (53), described roller tooth installing plate (53) is connected with going native roller power transmission shaft (49) by Socket welding component (50); Describedly remove the elastomeric material that native roller tooth (52) is column; The described two ends of native roller power transmission shaft (49) of going are fixed in frame, and drive it to rotate by drive sprocket (18).
2. toothed roller type carrot according to claim 1 removes native device, it is characterized in that: described in go the material of native roller tooth (52) to be soft rubber material; Described length of going native roller tooth (52) is 90-100mm, described in go the diameter of native roller tooth to be 14-16mm.
3. toothed roller type carrot according to claim 1 removes native device, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described roller tooth installing plate (53) is circular or regular polygon, and the limit number of described regular polygon is 2N, 3≤N≤5; Described roller tooth installing plate (53) is bolted by roller tooth installing plate I and roller tooth installing plate II and forms.
4. remove native device according to the toothed roller type carrot in claim 1-3 described in any one, it is characterized in that: described roller tooth installing plate (53) is upper longitudinally arranges 2N venting soil roller tooth (52), 3≤N≤5; The native roller tooth (52) of going of described adjacent two rows is interspersed; Described going is interference fit between native roller tooth (52) and the installing hole of roller tooth installing plate (53); Described roller tooth installing plate (53) is connected with Socket welding component (50) by bolt.
5. toothed roller type carrot according to claim 4 removes native device, it is characterized in that: described in go native roller power transmission shaft (49) to be hollow circular-tube; Described frame is provided with multiple installing hole, described in go to the two ends of native roller power transmission shaft (49) to be provided with rolling bearing units (51), described rolling bearing units (51) are fixed in frame by installing hole.
6. toothed roller type carrot according to claim 1 removes native device, it is characterized in that: the power take-off that described drive sprocket (18) and the reaping machine speed of travel are associated is connected.
CN201420795953.7U 2014-12-15 2014-12-15 Toothed roller type carrot removes native device Expired - Fee Related CN204408944U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104488436A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-08 青岛农业大学 Toothed-roll carrot soil-removing device
CN105993363A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-10-12 聊城大学 Mud separating method and device of garlic harvester

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN105993363A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-10-12 聊城大学 Mud separating method and device of garlic harvester

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