CN204560228U - Dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops - Google Patents

Dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204560228U
CN204560228U CN201520132189.XU CN201520132189U CN204560228U CN 204560228 U CN204560228 U CN 204560228U CN 201520132189 U CN201520132189 U CN 201520132189U CN 204560228 U CN204560228 U CN 204560228U
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China
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conveyer
frame
auger stem
soil layer
soil
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CN201520132189.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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王茂成
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王茂成
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops.The results that Chinese yam etc. directly grow root crop adopt manual work more, and efficiency is low, cost is high; The defects such as existing production recovery arrangement exists digging depth as shallow, crop integrality not easily ensures.The utility model comprises power set, frame, auger stem, front conveyer, conveyer mechanism, casting screw feeder; Frame both sides are fixed with side shield, and auger stem is longitudinally assemblied in pars infrasegmentalis before frame side by side, and front conveyer and conveyer mechanism are assemblied in frame successively, and the crop of gathering and soil are carried and be promoted to ground by successive cooperation; Connect the casting screw feeder of auger stem and power set, transferring power and by below frame and auger stem push the soil of coming and rearward evacuate.The utility model is loosened the soil by machinery, and premenstrual conveyer, conveyer mechanism two-stage are carried, and add the digging degree of depth, improve operating efficiency, reduces labour intensity and the operating cost of the crops such as results Chinese yam.

Description

Dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops
Technical field
The utility model relates to crop-harvesting mechanism technical field, specifically a kind of dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops.
Background technology
Chinese yam, the isometric root-tuber crop of burdock, be rich in protein, amino acid, vitamins and other nutritious components, have very high nutrition and medical value.But the rhizome of this kind of crop is long column shape, and quality is more fragile, vertical growth, in depth of soils, cannot grasp its growing way; During results, careless slightlyly will to fracture, damage its longer rhizome.For avoiding damaging crop in mining process, Chinese yam class crop is gathered and mostly adopts manual work, first by the soil of the long-rhizome peripheries such as Chinese yam plane pine, more carefully to be taken out.This harvesting approach inefficiency, labour intensity is very big, wastes time and energy, causes the cost of gathering of long-rhizome class crop higher, and the price directly affecting Chinese yam etc. remains high.
The patent No. is ZL 201110034816.2 disclosed " Chinese yam harvesting plants dual-purpose machine ", adopts the trench digging such as the device that revolves ditch plough, then by vibrating the soil of loose crop periphery, then by manually extracting; But the hardness of the operation of this equipment to soil there are certain requirements, when soil is harder, equipment is difficult to normally pull, and the pickup of crop exists certain difficulty; Need down to dig the operating pit placing trench digging and vibrating device before operation, complex operation.And patent No. ZL 201420218049.X disclosed " root-tuber crop harvester ", to some extent solve the excacation of the root-tuber crops such as Chinese yam, but because this equipment loosening device etc. arranges existing defects, still soil hardness be there are certain requirements, particularly its digging degree of depth is more shallow, cannot gather in the crops longer or be planted in the crop of dark soil layer; During crops up lifting operation, conveying is not smooth, and mutually extrude between crops, between crop and soil, often occur the phenomenon of crop damage, the integrality of Chinese yam class crop not easily ensures; The soil of the pine that rises abruptly can not arrange rapidly by the method for operation of this equipment timely in addition, cause the accumulation of loosening the soil below equipment, increase walking resistance, the equipment of impact is advanced and the digging degree of depth, driving arrangement operational difficulties, and it is comparatively large to be deposited in the wearing and tearing that soil particle below equipment causes equipment self, has a strong impact on service life.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of gathering for rhizome plants, the column being specially adapted to grow the degree of depth darker directly grows rhizome crop harvesting, improve the operating efficiency of recovery operations, alleviate labour intensity, time saving and energy saving, reduce crop harvesting difficulty and the operating costs such as Chinese yam.
The technical solution of the utility model is: the main-gear box, reductor, arm, the vibrating device that comprise power set, bull output; Power set comprise conveyer belt motor and active force motor, and active force motor connects the input of main-gear box, and conveyer belt motor drives conveyer mechanism by reductor;
The utility model also comprise frame, auger stem, front conveyer, conveyer drive shaft, bull export roller move gearbox, conveyer mechanism, casting screw feeder; Upper rack is assemblied on farm machinery by arm;
Frame both sides are fixed with side shield, and before frame, pars infrasegmentalis is longitudinally equipped with many auger stems for loosening the soil side by side, and the body of rod is provided with screw blade; Auger stem is low early and high after, arrange in pairs;
Front conveyer is made up of the conveying roller of many horizontally sets side by side, and each conveying roller raises from front to back successively, be assemblied in frame leading portion, and first bar conveying roller is positioned at the top of auger stem leading portion; Roller moves gearbox and is fixed on frame side baffle plate, and conveying roller moves gearbox respectively each output with roller is connected;
Conveyer mechanism is low early and high after is assemblied in frame back segment, and conveyer mechanism is positioned at front conveyer rear portion, coordinates with before and after front conveyer; Vibrating device is assemblied in frame, and vibrating device is corresponding with conveyer mechanism position, and the vibrating member of vibrating device coordinates with the conveyor surface of conveyer mechanism;
The main-gear box that bull exports and active force motor are assemblied in frame rear end, and each the high-end of bar casting screw feeder is connected with the output of main-gear box respectively, and the low side of casting screw feeder is connected with auger stem end by shaft coupling;
The high-end output being connected main-gear box by shaft coupling of conveyer drive shaft, the input that low side and roller move gearbox is connected.
Further, described auger stem is horizontal by 0 ° ~ 10 ° angles.
Further, drilling rod rotation direction adjacent in described each bar auger stem is contrary.
Further, described front conveyer is horizontal by 15 ° ~ 35 ° angles.
Further, the conveyor surface of described conveyer mechanism is horizontal by 35 ° ~ 50 ° angles.
Further, described conveyer mechanism comprises driving wheel, driven pulley, conveyer belt; Driving wheel connects drive driven pulley by chain; Delivery board lateral separation is evenly fixed on chain and forms closed conveyer belt; Driving wheel wheel shaft is connected with output end of reducer.
Further, the frame above described auger stem leading portion is fixed with connecting plate, this connecting plate is between front conveyer front end and auger stem leading portion.
Further, it is worm and gear or bevel gear set gear shift mode transmission power that the roller that described bull exports moves gearbox.
Further, the front lower portion of described frame is provided with soil-suppressing board, protection auger stem end cutter head.
Further, described vibrating device is made up of vibrating motor, fork, vibrating wheels; The middle part of fork is arranged in frame by transverse axis, and vibrating motor is fixed in fork one end, and the other end is equipped with vibrating wheels, and vibrating wheels leans conveyer belt conveyor surface bottom.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: be directly installed on the farm machineries such as tractor and can carry out harvest operation, easy and simple to handle, easy to use, overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, auger stem machinery is adopted to loosen the soil, and promoted by front conveyer and high inclination-angle conveyer mechanism two-stage, crop and soil are promoted together and delivers to height above ground level, considerably increase digging depth of implements, ensure that crop remains intact in mining process, be convenient to results personnel operation; The column long-rhizome class crops that the utility model reaping machine is especially applicable to the growth of dark soil layer are gathered, and significantly improve Chinese yam harvesting, soil backfill operating efficiency, reduce the results cost of long-rhizome crop.After excavating, soil is delivered to equipment rear portion rapidly, uniformly through auger stem and casting screw feeder, avoids surface dust and piles up.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the technical solution of the utility model is described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the utility model gearbox transmission.
Embodiment
In figure: 1, side shield, 2, conveyer belt motor, 3, chain, 4, driving wheel, 5, delivery board, 6, reductor, 7, active force motor, 8, main-gear box, 9, casting screw feeder, 10, conveyer drive shaft, 11, vibrating wheels, 12, fork, 13, vibrating motor, 14, driven pulley, 15, auger stem, 16, soil-suppressing board, 17, connecting plate, 18, conveying roller, 19, roller moves gearbox, 20, arm.
Embodiment 1
From Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 2, the technical solution of the utility model is: the main-gear box 8, reductor 6, the arm 20 that comprise power set, bull output; Power set comprise conveyer belt motor 2 and connect the active force motor 7 of main-gear box input;
The utility model also comprise frame, auger stem 15, front conveyer, conveyer drive shaft, bull export roller move gearbox 19, conveyer mechanism, casting screw feeder 9; Upper rack is assemblied in farm machinery rear portion by arm 20.
Frame bilateral symmetry is fixed with side shield 1, and side shield 1 entirety is arranged in low early and high after wedge shape, forms conveying Road narrows between two side shields; Before frame, pars infrasegmentalis is longitudinally equipped with many auger stems 15 for loosening the soil side by side, the body of rod is provided with screw blade, the low early and high after low-angle of auger stem 15, to arrange in pairs, adopt 4 auger stems to be divided into two groups, left and right in the present embodiment, the body of rod of auger stem 15 and horizontal plane angle can be selected between 0 ° ~ 10 ° according to long-term cropping and soil situation; The front lower portion of described frame is provided with soil-suppressing board 16, and soil-suppressing board 16 blocks the below of revolving cutter in auger stem end, equipment is advanced or frame transfer when contacting to earth can the spiral cutter head of available protecting drill rod end.
Front conveyer is made up of the conveying roller 18 of many horizontally sets, each bar conveying roller 18 is assemblied in frame leading portion, Article 1, conveying roller 18 is positioned at the top at auger stem 15 leading portion (i.e. the cutter head rear portion of screw blade), other conveying rollers raise from front to back successively, make the conveyor surface of front conveyer and horizontal plane angle be arranged between 15 ° ~ 35 °; Roller moves gearbox 19 and is fixed on frame side baffle plate 1, and each bar conveying roller 18 moves gearbox 19 respectively each output with roller is connected; This roller moves gearbox 19 by worm and gear or intermeshing bevel gear set mode speed change and transmits power.
Conveyer mechanism is low early and high after is assemblied in frame back segment, is positioned at the rear portion of front conveyer, and conveyer mechanism comprises driving wheel 4, driven pulley 14, conveyer belt; Driving wheel 4 connects drive driven pulley 14 by chain 3; Delivery board 5 lateral separation is evenly fixed on chain 3 and forms closed conveyer belt; Conveyer belt front end is connected with front conveyer and coordinates; The conveyor surface of conveyer belt, horizontal by 35 ° ~ 50 ° angles, guarantees the hoisting depth of crops and soil;
Conveyer belt motor 2 and reductor 6 are arranged on frame rear portion side baffle plate, and driving wheel 4 wheel shaft is connected with reductor 6 output; Conveyer belt motor 2 is connected by reductor 6 and drives conveyer belt to rotate.
Also be equipped with vibrating device between the driven wheel of conveyer mechanism, this vibrating device is made up of vibrating motor 13, fork 12, vibrating wheels 11; The middle part of fork 12 is arranged in frame by transverse axis, and vibrating motor 13 is fixed in fork 12 one end, and the other end is equipped with vibrating wheels 11, under the effect that vibrating motor 13 is conducted oneself with dignity, leans in conveyer belt conveyor surface bottom as the vibrating wheels 11 of vibrating member is lifted; Vibrating motor 13 Sports band movable pendulum bar 12 swings around axle, and vibrating wheels 11 is constantly clashed into conveyer belt and produced vibration while rolling, shaken by the soil particle on conveyer belt.
Main-gear box 8 and active force motor 2 are assemblied in frame rear end, as can be seen from Figure 3, the present embodiment main-gear box is totally five groups of output shafts, wherein four groups for driving auger stem 15, one group drives front conveyer conveying roller 18, connected by pitch wheel between each output shaft and coordinate transmission power, the rotation direction of adjacent output shaft is contrary;
Each the high-end of bar casting screw feeder 9 is connected with the output shaft of main-gear box respectively, and the low side of casting screw feeder 9 is connected with auger stem 15 end by gimbal coupling; Main-gear box output shaft drives auger stem 15 to rotate by casting screw feeder 9, and often organize auger stem 15 and relatively to rotate and rotating speed is identical, namely adjacent auger stem rotation direction is contrary, avoids the soil that unscrews amesiality;
The high-end output being connected main-gear box 8 by gimbal coupling of conveyer drive shaft, the input that low side and roller move gearbox 19 is connected, and drives conveying roller 18 to rotate and the soil being wrapped with crop is delivered to conveyer belt.
For ensureing that crops and soil steadily serve front conveyer, above auger stem 15 leading portion and to be equipped with connecting plate 17 between front conveyer front end successive.
Power set (i.e. active force motor 7, conveyer belt motor 2 and vibrating motor 13) in the utility model are commercially available hydraulic motor or electro-motor product.
operation principle:
During the work of the utility model reaping machine, first adjusting frame by arm 20 makes itself and ground in larger acute angle, start reaping machine, utilize auger stem 15 end to revolve cutter soil is dug pine and pierces arable land, moving ahead with farm machinery, auger stem 15 gradually deeply arable land rotary tillage to the digging degree of depth (this degree of depth with stop crops be as the criterion, dig the below to column crops), adjusting frame angle again makes auger stem arrange horizontal by low-angle, this angle preferably 3 ~ 5 degree, can start harvesting crops.
Farm machinery move ahead, soil below auger stem 15 crop unscrews, frame two side shield will revolve cutter (auger stem) top and be wrapped with the soil of crop and Soil Surrounding is split, and 17 deliver to front conveyer along the Road narrows between side shield through winning in succession, conveying roller 18 rotates and makes crop and soil small elevation, a large amount of soil and crop can be avoided to greatest extent mutually to extrude, cause crops to damage; In this process, part soil particle falls from the gap between conveying roller 18; The soil fallen can be evacuated even backfill rapidly by the screw blade of auger stem 15 back segment backward, avoids concentrating and piles up.
Crops and soil serve conveyer belt through front conveyer, and under the effect of vibrating device, vibrating wheels 11 knocks conveyer belt, the soil particle on conveyer belt conveyor surface around crop is loosened, drops by the gap between delivery board 5; The grogs fallen is rapidly to rear propelling movement and evenly backfills by the casting screw feeder 9 below conveyer belt; Because the integral inclined angle of conveyer mechanism is comparatively large, when crop marches to conveyer belt end, crops and soil are substantially separated and are promoted to more than ground, by manually being picked up; Another advantage of the conveyer mechanism design of high inclination-angle is that space, the frame back lower place is comparatively large, and be conducive to soil and evacuate backfill, avoiding blocking up accumulates.
The utility model device is directly installed on farm machinery rear portion and can uses, by screw blade by the soil pick pine below crops, the soil being wrapped with crop promotes through front conveyer, conveyer mechanism two-stage, crops are lifted delivers to more than ground, while conveying, crops are separated with soil, be convenient to the taking-up of whole of long-rhizome crop, guarantee that crop is intact in mining process, artificial need be carried out pick-up operation, significantly reduce labour intensity and harvest operation cost, improve the efficiency of crop of the column vertical growth crops such as Chinese yam.
Schematic but not pro forma restriction by preferred embodiment to the detailed description that technical solutions of the utility model are carried out above.Those skilled in the art is on the basis of reading the utility model specification, technical scheme described in embodiment can be modified, or equivalent replacement is carried out to wherein portion of techniques feature, and these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the scope of the utility model embodiment technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops, comprises main-gear box (8), reductor (6), arm (20), the vibrating device of power set, bull output; Power set comprise conveyer belt motor (2) and active force motor (7), and active force motor (7) connects the input of main-gear box (8), and conveyer belt motor (2) drives conveyer mechanism by reductor (6);
It is characterized in that: also comprise frame, auger stem (15), front conveyer, conveyer drive shaft (10), bull export roller move gearbox (19), conveyer mechanism, casting screw feeder (9); Upper rack is assemblied on farm machinery by arm (20);
Frame both sides are fixed with side shield (1), and before frame, pars infrasegmentalis is longitudinally equipped with many auger stems (15) for loosening the soil side by side, and drill rod body is provided with screw blade; Auger stem (15) is low early and high after, arrange in pairs;
Front conveyer is made up of the conveying roller (18) of many horizontally sets side by side, and each conveying roller (18) raises successively from front to back, is assemblied in frame leading portion, and first bar conveying roller is positioned at the top of auger stem leading portion; Roller moves gearbox (19) and is fixed on frame side baffle plate (1), and conveying roller (18) moves gearbox (19) respectively each output with roller is connected;
Conveyer mechanism is low early and high after is assemblied in frame back segment, and conveyer mechanism is positioned at front conveyer rear portion, coordinates with before and after front conveyer; Vibrating device is assemblied in frame, and vibrating device is corresponding with conveyer mechanism position, and the vibrating member of vibrating device coordinates with the conveyor surface of conveyer mechanism;
The main-gear box (8) that bull exports and active force motor (7) are assemblied in frame rear end, the high-end of each bar casting screw feeder (9) is connected with the output of main-gear box (8) respectively, and the low side of casting screw feeder (9) is connected with auger stem (15) end by shaft coupling;
The high-end output being connected main-gear box (8) by shaft coupling of conveyer drive shaft (10), the input that low side and roller move gearbox (19) is connected.
2. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described auger stem (15) is horizontal by 0 ° ~ 10 ° angles.
3. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: drilling rod rotation direction adjacent in described each bar auger stem (15) is contrary.
4. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described front conveyer is horizontal by 15 ° ~ 35 ° angles.
5. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the conveyor surface of described conveyer mechanism is horizontal by 35 ° ~ 50 ° angles.
6. a kind of dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops according to claim 1 or 5, is characterized in that: described conveyer mechanism comprises driving wheel (4), driven pulley (14), conveyer belt; Driving wheel (4) connects drive driven pulley (14) by chain (3); Delivery board (5) lateral separation is evenly fixed on chain and forms closed conveyer belt; Driving wheel (4) wheel shaft is connected with reductor (6) output.
7. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to any one of claim 1,2,4,5, it is characterized in that: the frame above described auger stem (15) leading portion is fixed with connecting plate (17), this connecting plate is between front conveyer front end and auger stem leading portion.
8. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to any one of claim 1,2,4,5, is characterized in that: the roller that described bull exports moves gearbox (19) for worm and gear or bevel gear set gear shift mode transmission power.
9. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to any one of claim 1,2,4,5, is characterized in that: the front lower portion of described frame is provided with soil-suppressing board (16), protection auger stem (15) end cutter head.
10. the dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops of one according to any one of claim 1,2,4,5, is characterized in that: described vibrating device is made up of vibrating motor (13), fork (12), vibrating wheels (11); The middle part of fork (12) is arranged in frame by transverse axis, and vibrating motor (13) is fixed in fork (12) one end, and the other end is equipped with vibrating wheels (11), and vibrating wheels (11) leans conveyer belt conveyor surface bottom.
CN201520132189.XU 2015-03-09 2015-03-09 Dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops Withdrawn - After Issue CN204560228U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520132189.XU CN204560228U (en) 2015-03-09 2015-03-09 Dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104604417A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-05-13 王茂成 Harvesting machine for root-tuber crop in deep soil layer
CN106134613A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-11-23 王茂成 There is excavation and the deep soil layer crop harvester of backfill function
CN108756734A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-11-06 郑菁清 A kind of efficient road construction drilling machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104604417A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-05-13 王茂成 Harvesting machine for root-tuber crop in deep soil layer
CN104604417B (en) * 2015-03-09 2016-05-11 王茂成 Dark soil layer harvester for rhizome crops
CN106134613A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-11-23 王茂成 There is excavation and the deep soil layer crop harvester of backfill function
CN106134613B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-04-17 王茂成 There is the deep soil layer crop harvester for excavating and backfilling
CN108756734A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-11-06 郑菁清 A kind of efficient road construction drilling machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150819

Effective date of abandoning: 20160511

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting