CN106819371A - One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases " - Google Patents

One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases " Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106819371A
CN106819371A CN201710106919.2A CN201710106919A CN106819371A CN 106819371 A CN106819371 A CN 106819371A CN 201710106919 A CN201710106919 A CN 201710106919A CN 106819371 A CN106819371 A CN 106819371A
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parts
powder
grass carp
diseases
feed
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CN201710106919.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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齐芳
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齐芳
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Priority to CN201710106919.2A priority Critical patent/CN106819371A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of fodder, the feed that a kind of preventing and treating grass carp suffers from " three diseases " is disclosed, be made up of following component in parts by weight:55 60 parts of rape cake,48 52 parts of peanut meal,45 48 parts of pumpkin powder,40 42 parts of rice chaff,34 37 parts of meat meal tankage,33 35 parts of corn protein powder,30 34 parts of feather meal,28 32 parts of mulberry leaf powder,25 28 parts of lotus leaf powder,22 25 parts of root of Dahurain angelica powder,18 21 parts of gorgon euryale seed powder,17 19 parts of green tea powder,16 18 parts of sponge gourd water,12 16 parts of aloe powder,13 15 parts of yam flour,8 11 parts of wolfberry fruit powder,35 parts of rheum officinale,24 parts of gardenia,12 parts of phagostimulant,0.3 0.5 parts of active yeast,The material composition that obtained feed of the invention contains can help grass carp to improve organ dysfunction,Enhancing resistance against diseases,Rich in Chinese herbal medicine,There is significant effect for the treatment of three major diseases of grass carp,And grass carp kind can be improved,Adapt to the change of environment,Grass carp is suffered from the risk reduction more than 50% of three diseases,Cure rate improves more than 40%.

Description

One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases "
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fodder, and in particular to one kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases ".
Background technology
Grass carp belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp category.Grass carp has been commonly called as:Grass carp, grass carp, oily grass carp, careless grass carp, ctenopharyngodon idellus, Grass carp, grass roots (northeast), thick sub- fish (southern Shandong), extra large grass (south), charlatan, black black carp etc..Inhabit the rivers lake of plains region Pool, general happiness occupy middle lower floor and many pasture and water regions of offshore of water.Property it is active, swimming is rapid, often hunts in packs.It is typical grass Feeding fish.The young grass carps phase then eats larva, algae etc., and grass carp also eats of animal food, such as earthworm, dragonfly etc..In mainstream or lake Survived the winter at the deep water of pool.Breeding season parent population is traced back trip habit.Move and grown Asia, Europe, the United States, many countries in non-each continent.Because of it Growth is rapid, and feed resource is wide, is one of four large Chinese carps of CHINESE FRESHWATER cultivation.Grass carp, body extension, sub- cylindrical shape, body is grown up More than 1m, body bluish yellow color, the head breadth is put down, mouth end position, without.Pharynx stripping fork shape.The middle lower floor of water is perched, is food with pasture and water.3-4 ages into It is ripe, in upper reaches spawning, can artificial propagation.Growth is fast, maximum individual up to 30kg or so, is Chinese main Fish-water Fish Farming Object, is distributed in Chinese major water systems, and meat flavour is beautiful, and fish courage is poisonous.
" three diseases ", grass carp'disease are susceptible to suffer from grass carp cultivation(That is red skin disease, fin rot, enteritis disease)It is visible throughout the year, the 5-6 months It is onset peak period with the 8-10 months, often two or three fish disease occurs simultaneously, and situation about individually occurring seldom is shown in, once fish Disease is broken out, and generally causes extensive prevalence, makes a large amount of fish dead, and enteritis disease symptoms are sick fish body nigrescence, loss of appetite, OK It is dynamic slow, intestinal wall hyperemia inflammation, hydroabdomen(Open abdomen visible);Sick fish anus redness exposes, belly expands, and is filled in erythematous Blood, light pressure belly visible yellow color purulence shape mucus outflow.Sometimes fin ray corrosion is in besom shape;Bacterial gill is called the " rhizome of Chinese monkshood Pest ", have mucus and sludge on the usual gill, the gill filament rots to turn white, and when being in a bad way, gill cover center occurs translucent(It is circular or Irregular shape)Small window, sick fish body color blacks, and head is particularly black dull, slow in action, and often peel off solely trip;Red skin disease is also known as " red skin Pest ", the sick big portion of fish body table or local inflammation, hyperemia, scale come off, and both sides and belly are particularly evident, and fin base is congested when serious, fin The rotten such as besom of bar, the gill cover and upper and lower jaw are in block congested sometimes;And there is presently no relatively more positive prevention and controls.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as to there is currently, the invention provides the feed that one kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from " three diseases ", have safely Effect, cure rate is high.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases ", is made up of following component in parts by weight:Rape cake 55-60 parts, peanut Dregs of rice 48-52 parts, pumpkin powder 45-48 parts, rice chaff 40-42 parts, meat meal tankage 34-37 parts, corn protein powder 33-35 parts, feather meal 30- 34 parts, mulberry leaf powder 28-32 parts, lotus leaf powder 25-28 parts, 22-25 parts of root of Dahurain angelica powder, gorgon euryale seed powder 18-21 parts, green tea powder 17-19 parts, silk 16-18 parts of melon water, aloe powder 12-16 parts, yam flour 13-15 parts, wolfberry fruit powder 8-11 parts, rheum officinale 3-5 parts, gardenia 2-4 parts, lure Food 1-2 parts of agent, active yeast 0.3-0.5 parts, its preparation method is comprised the following steps:
(1)Rape cake, pumpkin powder, meat meal tankage and active yeast are mixed thoroughly, adds the cold water kneading of 25-30% agglomerating, fermentation After 8-12 hours, cooked using steam, blended to 0.3-0.5 millimeters;
(2)Peanut meal, rice chaff, rheum officinale, gardenia are crushed to 30-40 mesh sizes, fragrance is fried out using small fire, cooled down standby;
(3)By corn protein powder, feather meal, mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder, root of Dahurain angelica powder, gorgon euryale seed powder, green tea powder, aloe powder, yam flour, Wolfberry fruit powder is mixed with sponge gourd water, adds above-mentioned steps resulting material, mixes granulation thoroughly;
(4)Will granulation gained feed surface rolling last layer phagostimulant.
Further described as to such scheme, the phagostimulant preparation method is:Inosinicacid is taken according to weight portion 5.5-6.0 parts, guanylic acid 5.4-5.8 parts, cystine 5.1-5.3 parts, allicin 2.5-2.8 parts, admix 400-500 times of weight portion Rapeseed oil.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:Compared to the prior art, feed of the invention has following bright on preventing and treating three major diseases of grass carp Aobvious advantage:(1)The skeletal structure of grass carp can be made to develop more strong using corn protein powder, feather meal, mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder Strong, protection enteron aisle is injury-free, and skin histology is more full solid, has good resistant function for bacterial virus, enhances The first line of defence;(2)The traditional Chinese medicine ingredients for containing play the role of physical fitness for the grass carp for infection, and the grass carp for infecting has Cure the effect recovered, reduce transmission of infection rate and the death rate;(3)Efficiency of feed utilization is improve, cost has been saved, and have The characteristics of voluntarily degrading, reduces the pollution of water body;(4)Grass carp is suffered from the risk reduction more than 50% of three diseases, cure rate improves 40% More than.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases ", is made up of following component in parts by weight:55 parts of rape cake, peanut meal 48 Part, 45 parts of pumpkin powder, 40 parts of rice chaff, 34 parts of meat meal tankage, 33 parts of corn protein powder, 30 parts of feather meal, 28 parts of mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder 25 parts, 22 parts of root of Dahurain angelica powder, 18 parts of gorgon euryale seed powder, 17 parts of green tea powder, 16 parts of sponge gourd water, 12 parts of aloe powder, 13 parts of yam flour, wolfberry fruit powder 8 parts, 3 parts of rheum officinale, 2 parts of gardenia, 1 part of phagostimulant, 0.3 part of active yeast, its preparation method is comprised the following steps:
(1)Rape cake, pumpkin powder, meat meal tankage and active yeast are mixed thoroughly, adds 25% cold water kneading agglomerating, fermentation 8 is small Shi Hou, is cooked using steam, is blended to 0.3 millimeter;
(2)Peanut meal, rice chaff, rheum officinale, gardenia are crushed to 30 mesh sizes, fragrance is fried out using small fire, cooled down standby;
(3)By corn protein powder, feather meal, mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder, root of Dahurain angelica powder, gorgon euryale seed powder, green tea powder, aloe powder, yam flour, Wolfberry fruit powder is mixed with sponge gourd water, adds above-mentioned steps resulting material, mixes granulation thoroughly;
(4)Will granulation gained feed surface rolling last layer phagostimulant.
Further described as to such scheme, the phagostimulant preparation method is:Inosinicacid 5.5 is taken according to weight portion Part, 5.4 parts of guanylic acid, 5.1 parts of cystine, 2.5 parts of allicin, admix 400 times of rapeseed oils of weight portion.
Embodiment 2
One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases ", is made up of following component in parts by weight:57 parts of rape cake, peanut meal 50 Part, 46 parts of pumpkin powder, 41 parts of rice chaff, 35 parts of meat meal tankage, 34 parts of corn protein powder, 32 parts of feather meal, 30 parts of mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder 26 parts, 23 parts of root of Dahurain angelica powder, 19 parts of gorgon euryale seed powder, 18 parts of green tea powder, 17 parts of sponge gourd water, 14 parts of aloe powder, 14 parts of yam flour, wolfberry fruit powder 9 parts, 4 parts of rheum officinale, 3 parts of gardenia, 1.5 parts of phagostimulant, 0.4 part of active yeast, its preparation method is comprised the following steps:
(1)Rape cake, pumpkin powder, meat meal tankage and active yeast are mixed thoroughly, adds 27% cold water kneading agglomerating, fermentation 10 After hour, cooked using steam, blended to 0.4 millimeter;
(2)Peanut meal, rice chaff, rheum officinale, gardenia are crushed to 35 mesh sizes, fragrance is fried out using small fire, cooled down standby;
(3)By corn protein powder, feather meal, mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder, root of Dahurain angelica powder, gorgon euryale seed powder, green tea powder, aloe powder, yam flour, Wolfberry fruit powder is mixed with sponge gourd water, adds above-mentioned steps resulting material, mixes granulation thoroughly;
(4)Will granulation gained feed surface rolling last layer phagostimulant.
Further described as to such scheme, the phagostimulant preparation method is:Inosinicacid 5.7 is taken according to weight portion Part, 5.6 parts of guanylic acid, 5.2 parts of cystine, 2.6 parts of allicin, admix 450 times of rapeseed oils of weight portion.
Embodiment 3
One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases ", is made up of following component in parts by weight:60 parts of rape cake, peanut meal 52 Part, 48 parts of pumpkin powder, 42 parts of rice chaff, 37 parts of meat meal tankage, 35 parts of corn protein powder, 34 parts of feather meal, 32 parts of mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder 28 parts, 25 parts of root of Dahurain angelica powder, 21 parts of gorgon euryale seed powder, 19 parts of green tea powder, 18 parts of sponge gourd water, 16 parts of aloe powder, 15 parts of yam flour, wolfberry fruit powder 11 parts, 5 parts of rheum officinale, 4 parts of gardenia, 2 parts of phagostimulant, 0.5 part of active yeast, its preparation method is comprised the following steps:
(1)Rape cake, pumpkin powder, meat meal tankage and active yeast are mixed thoroughly, adds 30% cold water kneading agglomerating, fermentation 12 After hour, cooked using steam, blended to 0.5 millimeter;
(2)Peanut meal, rice chaff, rheum officinale, gardenia are crushed to 40 mesh sizes, fragrance is fried out using small fire, cooled down standby;
(3)By corn protein powder, feather meal, mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder, root of Dahurain angelica powder, gorgon euryale seed powder, green tea powder, aloe powder, yam flour, Wolfberry fruit powder is mixed with sponge gourd water, adds above-mentioned steps resulting material, mixes granulation thoroughly;
(4)Will granulation gained feed surface rolling last layer phagostimulant.
Further described as to such scheme, the phagostimulant preparation method is:Inosinicacid 6.0 is taken according to weight portion Part, 5.8 parts of guanylic acid, 5.3 parts of cystine, 2.8 parts of allicin, admix 500 times of rapeseed oils of weight portion.
Contrast test 1
Onesize and arrangement fish pond is chosen, same number of grass carp nursery is put in a suitable place to breed, first three groups use embodiment 1-3's respectively Feed is raised, and the 4th group as a control group, is raised using common grass carp feed, and every group of cultural method is consistent, record cultivation As a result, as shown in table 1.
Cultivation result of the DIFFERENT FEED of table 1 for grass carp
Contrast test 2
Grass carp with three diseases in control group is individually cultivated, 4 groups are divided at random, first three groups use the embodiment of the present invention instead daily The feed of 1-3 is fed, and the 4th group as a control group, and the chemical agent sold using in the market is treated, and continues to make With original feed, grass carp disease development situation is kept track of, as shown in table 2.
Therapeutic effect of the feed of the invention of table 2 for grass carp'disease
Project Died of illness after 3 days number(Bar) Died of illness after 5 days number(Bar) Died of illness after 7 days number(Bar) Cure rate(%)
Embodiment 1 10 6 4 82
Embodiment 2 8 5 2 85
Embodiment 3 9 7 3 83
Control group 35 26 15 57

Claims (2)

1. a kind of preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases ", it is characterised in that be made up of following component in parts by weight:Rape cake 55-60 parts, peanut meal 48-52 parts, pumpkin powder 45-48 parts, rice chaff 40-42 parts, meat meal tankage 34-37 parts, corn protein powder 33-35 Part, feather meal 30-34 parts, mulberry leaf powder 28-32 parts, lotus leaf powder 25-28 parts, 22-25 parts of root of Dahurain angelica powder, gorgon euryale seed powder 18-21 parts, green tea Powder 17-19 parts, sponge gourd water 16-18 parts, aloe powder 12-16 parts, yam flour 13-15 parts, wolfberry fruit powder 8-11 parts, rheum officinale 3-5 parts, Cape jasmine 2-4 parts, phagostimulant 1-2 parts, active yeast 0.3-0.5 parts of son flower,
Its preparation method is comprised the following steps:
(1)Rape cake, pumpkin powder, meat meal tankage and active yeast are mixed thoroughly, adds the cold water kneading of 25-30% agglomerating, fermentation After 8-12 hours, cooked using steam, blended to 0.3-0.5 millimeters;
(2)Peanut meal, rice chaff, rheum officinale, gardenia are crushed to 30-40 mesh sizes, fragrance is fried out using small fire, cooled down standby;
(3)By corn protein powder, feather meal, mulberry leaf powder, lotus leaf powder, root of Dahurain angelica powder, gorgon euryale seed powder, green tea powder, aloe powder, yam flour, Wolfberry fruit powder is mixed with sponge gourd water, adds above-mentioned steps resulting material, mixes granulation thoroughly;
(4)Will granulation gained feed surface rolling last layer phagostimulant.
2. a kind of preventing and treating grass carp according to claim 1 suffers from the feed of " three diseases ", it is characterised in that prepared by the phagostimulant Method is:Inosinicacid 5.5-6.0 parts, guanylic acid 5.4-5.8 parts, cystine 5.1-5.3 parts, allicin 2.5- are taken according to weight portion 2.8 parts, admix the 400-500 times of rapeseed oil of weight portion.
CN201710106919.2A 2017-02-27 2017-02-27 One kind preventing and treating grass carp suffers from the feed of " three diseases " Pending CN106819371A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107373208A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-11-24 合肥申仁养殖有限公司 A kind of mixed feed for promoting spotted maigre growth
CN107668413A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-09 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of feed for strengthening snakeheaded fish immunocompetence
CN107712451A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 无为县绿农果蔬农民专业合作社 A kind of young grass carps feed

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103636966A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-03-19 湖南农业大学 Preparation method and application method of ramie forage used for grass carp breeding
CN103652475A (en) * 2013-12-07 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Feed for grass carp
CN103844052A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-06-11 长海牧海养殖有限公司 Fish Chinese herbal medicine compound feed
CN104397451A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-11 青岛德润电池材料有限公司 Fish feed with food calling function and preparation method of fish feed

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103844052A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-06-11 长海牧海养殖有限公司 Fish Chinese herbal medicine compound feed
CN103636966A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-03-19 湖南农业大学 Preparation method and application method of ramie forage used for grass carp breeding
CN103652475A (en) * 2013-12-07 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Feed for grass carp
CN104397451A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-11 青岛德润电池材料有限公司 Fish feed with food calling function and preparation method of fish feed

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107373208A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-11-24 合肥申仁养殖有限公司 A kind of mixed feed for promoting spotted maigre growth
CN107712451A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 无为县绿农果蔬农民专业合作社 A kind of young grass carps feed
CN107668413A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-09 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of feed for strengthening snakeheaded fish immunocompetence

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Application publication date: 20170613

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