CN105393964A - Grasscarp miniature pond culture method - Google Patents

Grasscarp miniature pond culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105393964A
CN105393964A CN201510887928.0A CN201510887928A CN105393964A CN 105393964 A CN105393964 A CN 105393964A CN 201510887928 A CN201510887928 A CN 201510887928A CN 105393964 A CN105393964 A CN 105393964A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
water
days
pond
grams
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CN201510887928.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
时超
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Quanjiao Guanba Ethnic Village Integrated Farming Professional Cooperatives
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Quanjiao Guanba Ethnic Village Integrated Farming Professional Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201510887928.0A priority Critical patent/CN105393964A/en
Publication of CN105393964A publication Critical patent/CN105393964A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2305/00Use of specific compounds during water treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A Grasscarp miniature pond culture method relates to the fish product culture technology reconstruction technical field, and comprises the following steps: determining a culture area; before culture preparation; large scale fish fingerling stocking; feeding management; water quality regulation and control. The method is reasonable, clear in ratio, and simple in operation.

Description

The method of the small-sized pond culture of black carp
Technical field:
The present invention relates to fish products cultural technique renovation technique field, be specifically related to the method for the small-sized pond culture of black carp.
Background technology:
Grass carp belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp and belongs to.Being commonly called as of grass carp: grass carp, grass carp, oily grass carp, careless grass carp, ctenopharyngodon idellus, grass carp, grass roots (northeast), thick sub-fish (southern Shandong), extra large grass carp (south), charlatan, black black carp etc.English name: Grasscarp.Inhabit the rivers and lakes of flat area, general happiness occupy middle lower floor and offshore many pasture and water region of water.Property active, swimming rapidly, often hunts in packs.For typical herbivorous fishes.The young grass carps phase then eats larva, algae etc., and grass carp also eats of animal food, as earthworm, and dragonfly etc.Survive the winter at the deep water place in master stream or lake.Breeding season parent population is traced back trip habit.Many countries of growing Asia, Europe, the United States, non-each continent are moved.Because its growth is rapid, feed resource is wide, is one of four large Chinese carps of CHINESE FRESHWATER cultivation.
The method of grass carp cultivation is varied, the different environment in different regions has different cultural methods, and many places now use method be all similar, but often do not consider extraneous natural cause and region problem, easily cause cultivate fishery-ies product poor quality.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome the method that existing technological deficiency provides the small-sized pond culture of black carp that a kind of method is reasonable, proportioning is clear, simple to operate.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
The method of the small-sized pond culture of black carp, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, determine cultured area: pond area 4-9 mu, is provided with a micro-pore oxygenation machine, pond degree of depth 1.8-2.5m;
Prepare before step 2, cultivation:
I shines the pool: 1-3 middle of the month, drains Chi Shui through freezing Exposure to Sunlight, kills the disease biological such as parasite, bacterium;
II cleans up the pond sterilization: mid or late May with the sterilization of quicklime full pool spilling head, quicklime splash after 10 days every mu spread fertilizer over the fields pond with 69kg finishing agent;
Step 3, large size fingerling are put in a suitable place to breed: after spreading fertilizer over the fields 15 days, and every mu of mu puts Grass Carp Juveniles 1000 tail of 150 grams in a suitable place to breed, crucian 100 tail that specification is 50 grams, silver carp 20 tail of 300 grams, bighead 100 tail that specification is 50 grams, and mid-term is thrown in 50 grams of yellow cartfish 50 tails in cultivation;
Step 4, throwing feeding tube reason: green grass of throwing something and feeding in early days, adhere to the principle of first blue or green rear essence, and the feed of different protein content is selected for the growth characteristic of grass carp and water temperature, the 6-8 month 32% protein feed, the 9-11 month 30% albumen feed, and within continuous three days, add " three blooms " and multidimensional regularly keeps healthy after clearing up at per the end of month and raining;
Step 5, regulating and controlling water quality: transparency is more than 30 centimetres, water quality keeps fertile, alive, tender, refreshing for a long time, generally changes a water every 4 days ~ 6 days, changes 15 centimetres ~ 30 centimetres, water at every turn, and keep water body to be miniflow water state, and often change twice water and all need input 60kg blender;
Described finishing agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Dried lacquer 4 parts, rhizoma alismatis 5 parts, Cynanchum glaucescens 6 parts, large Chinese olive 7 parts, the root of fangji 8 parts, Artemisia anomala 9 parts, cassia seed 10 parts, Chinese small iris 11 parts, camphor 3 parts, dalbergia wood 5 parts, Semen Lablab Album 4 parts, Centipeda minima 10 parts, the fruit of Cherokee rose 12 parts, luffa 14 parts, the root of kudzu vine 15 parts, raspberry 2 parts, Rhododendron dauricum 3 parts, take root 4 parts;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material clear water is rinsed well by I, is then placed on ventilation, dark place is dried naturally;
Then material is put into breaking plant by II is successively ground into graininess, and pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material, after putting into completely, then put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/8 every 4 minutes, continues stirring 5 minutes, becomes pasty state;
III, by the airing 2 days in the sunlight at noon under fair weather of the material of pasty state, becomes block, and then puts into breaking plant and be ground into graininess, stand-by;
Described blender is made up of the material of following weight portion,
1-butyl-3-N-Methylimidazoleacetic salt 3 parts, di-iron trioxide 1 part, peppermint oil 7 parts, DBSA 1 part, chlorhexidine 5 parts, Propineb 2 parts, pyraclostrobin 4 parts, chlorhexidine acetate 4 parts, sodium dichloro cyanurate 4 parts, thiophanate-methyl 3 parts, alginate fibre 1 part;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material is put into breaking plant successively and is ground into graininess, pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material every 4 minutes, after putting into completely, put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/10 again, continue stirring 5 minutes, be then directly sprinkling upon pond.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the clean level that can be ensured pond by finishing agent, can expelling parasite, and ensure the minimizing of pond noxious material, because finishing agent is Chinese medicine, and owing to spreading fertilizer over the fields, can make fish can with some property of medicine when the cultivation of pond water-filling, the health of fish can be ensured, and blender is used to purify water, improve cleanliness factor and the activity of water, more better and quick than the effect of common material.The inventive method is reasonable, proportioning is clear, simple to operate.
Embodiment:
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, setting forth the present invention further below.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
The method of the small-sized pond culture of black carp, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, determine cultured area: pond area 4-9 mu, is provided with a micro-pore oxygenation machine, pond degree of depth 1.8-2.5m;
Prepare before step 2, cultivation:
I shines the pool: 1-3 middle of the month, drains Chi Shui through freezing Exposure to Sunlight, kills the disease biological such as parasite, bacterium;
II cleans up the pond sterilization: mid or late May with the sterilization of quicklime full pool spilling head, quicklime splash after 10 days every mu spread fertilizer over the fields pond with 69kg finishing agent;
Step 3, large size fingerling are put in a suitable place to breed: after spreading fertilizer over the fields 15 days, and every mu of mu puts Grass Carp Juveniles 1000 tail of 150 grams in a suitable place to breed, crucian 100 tail that specification is 50 grams, silver carp 20 tail of 300 grams, bighead 100 tail that specification is 50 grams, and mid-term is thrown in 50 grams of yellow cartfish 50 tails in cultivation;
Step 4, throwing feeding tube reason: green grass of throwing something and feeding in early days, adhere to the principle of first blue or green rear essence, and the feed of different protein content is selected for the growth characteristic of grass carp and water temperature, the 6-8 month 32% protein feed, the 9-11 month 30% albumen feed, and within continuous three days, add " three blooms " and multidimensional regularly keeps healthy after clearing up at per the end of month and raining;
Step 5, regulating and controlling water quality: transparency is more than 30 centimetres, water quality keeps fertile, alive, tender, refreshing for a long time, generally changes a water every 4 days ~ 6 days, changes 15 centimetres ~ 30 centimetres, water at every turn, and keep water body to be miniflow water state, and often change twice water and all need input 60kg blender;
Described finishing agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Dried lacquer 4 parts, rhizoma alismatis 5 parts, Cynanchum glaucescens 6 parts, large Chinese olive 7 parts, the root of fangji 8 parts, Artemisia anomala 9 parts, cassia seed 10 parts, Chinese small iris 11 parts, camphor 3 parts, dalbergia wood 5 parts, Semen Lablab Album 4 parts, Centipeda minima 10 parts, the fruit of Cherokee rose 12 parts, luffa 14 parts, the root of kudzu vine 15 parts, raspberry 2 parts, Rhododendron dauricum 3 parts, take root 4 parts;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material clear water is rinsed well by I, is then placed on ventilation, dark place is dried naturally;
Then material is put into breaking plant by II is successively ground into graininess, and pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material, after putting into completely, then put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/8 every 4 minutes, continues stirring 5 minutes, becomes pasty state;
III, by the airing 2 days in the sunlight at noon under fair weather of the material of pasty state, becomes block, and then puts into breaking plant and be ground into graininess, stand-by;
Described blender is made up of the material of following weight portion,
1-butyl-3-N-Methylimidazoleacetic salt 3 parts, di-iron trioxide 1 part, peppermint oil 7 parts, DBSA 1 part, chlorhexidine 5 parts, Propineb 2 parts, pyraclostrobin 4 parts, chlorhexidine acetate 4 parts, sodium dichloro cyanurate 4 parts, thiophanate-methyl 3 parts, alginate fibre 1 part;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material is put into breaking plant successively and is ground into graininess, pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material every 4 minutes, after putting into completely, put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/10 again, continue stirring 5 minutes, be then directly sprinkling upon pond.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. the method for the small-sized pond culture of black carp, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, determine cultured area: pond area 4-9 mu, is provided with a micro-pore oxygenation machine, pond degree of depth 1.8-2.5m;
Prepare before step 2, cultivation:
I shines the pool: 1-3 middle of the month, drains Chi Shui through freezing Exposure to Sunlight, kills the disease biological such as parasite, bacterium;
II cleans up the pond sterilization: mid or late May with the sterilization of quicklime full pool spilling head, quicklime splash after 10 days every mu spread fertilizer over the fields pond with 69kg finishing agent;
Step 3, large size fingerling are put in a suitable place to breed: after spreading fertilizer over the fields 15 days, and every mu of mu puts Grass Carp Juveniles 1000 tail of 150 grams in a suitable place to breed, crucian 100 tail that specification is 50 grams, silver carp 20 tail of 300 grams, bighead 100 tail that specification is 50 grams, and mid-term is thrown in 50 grams of yellow cartfish 50 tails in cultivation;
Step 4, throwing feeding tube reason: green grass of throwing something and feeding in early days, adhere to the principle of first blue or green rear essence, and the feed of different protein content is selected for the growth characteristic of grass carp and water temperature, the 6-8 month 32% protein feed, the 9-11 month 30% albumen feed, and within continuous three days, add " three blooms " and multidimensional regularly keeps healthy after clearing up at per the end of month and raining;
Step 5, regulating and controlling water quality: transparency is more than 30 centimetres, water quality keeps fertile, alive, tender, refreshing for a long time, generally changes a water every 4 days ~ 6 days, changes 15 centimetres ~ 30 centimetres, water at every turn, and keep water body to be miniflow water state, and often change twice water and all need input 60kg blender.
2. the method for the small-sized pond culture of black carp according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described finishing agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Dried lacquer 4 parts, rhizoma alismatis 5 parts, Cynanchum glaucescens 6 parts, large Chinese olive 7 parts, the root of fangji 8 parts, Artemisia anomala 9 parts, cassia seed 10 parts, Chinese small iris 11 parts, camphor 3 parts, dalbergia wood 5 parts, Semen Lablab Album 4 parts, Centipeda minima 10 parts, the fruit of Cherokee rose 12 parts, luffa 14 parts, the root of kudzu vine 15 parts, raspberry 2 parts, Rhododendron dauricum 3 parts, take root 4 parts;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material clear water is rinsed well by I, is then placed on ventilation, dark place is dried naturally;
Then material is put into breaking plant by II is successively ground into graininess, and pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material, after putting into completely, then put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/8 every 4 minutes, continues stirring 5 minutes, becomes pasty state;
III, by the airing 2 days in the sunlight at noon under fair weather of the material of pasty state, becomes block, and then puts into breaking plant and be ground into graininess, stand-by.
3. the method for the small-sized pond culture of black carp according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described blender is made up of the material of following weight portion,
1-butyl-3-N-Methylimidazoleacetic salt 3 parts, di-iron trioxide 1 part, peppermint oil 7 parts, DBSA 1 part, chlorhexidine 5 parts, Propineb 2 parts, pyraclostrobin 4 parts, chlorhexidine acetate 4 parts, sodium dichloro cyanurate 4 parts, thiophanate-methyl 3 parts, alginate fibre 1 part;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material is put into breaking plant successively and is ground into graininess, pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material every 4 minutes, after putting into completely, put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/10 again, continue stirring 5 minutes, be then directly sprinkling upon pond.
CN201510887928.0A 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 Grasscarp miniature pond culture method Pending CN105393964A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105684973A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-22 崔海兵 Culture method for reducing black carp feed protein
CN106719136A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method for preventing and treating catfish disease
CN106719134A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for improving swamp eel spawning rate
CN110833050A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-25 通威股份有限公司 Crucian breeding method combining materials according to temperature change

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104642230A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-05-27 通威股份有限公司 Combined culture method of fresh water grass carps
CN104663520A (en) * 2013-12-03 2015-06-03 程诚 Method for culturing herring in pond
CN104982355A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-21 周天赐 Cultivation method with high production of grass carp in pool

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104663520A (en) * 2013-12-03 2015-06-03 程诚 Method for culturing herring in pond
CN104642230A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-05-27 通威股份有限公司 Combined culture method of fresh water grass carps
CN104982355A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-21 周天赐 Cultivation method with high production of grass carp in pool

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
宋世民: "民权县池塘草鱼生态养殖高产技术", 《基层农技推广》 *
李明云: "《水产经济动物增养殖学》", 31 August 2011, 海洋出版社 *
郑陶生: "草鱼池塘健康养殖技术", 《农技服务》 *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105684973A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-22 崔海兵 Culture method for reducing black carp feed protein
CN105684973B (en) * 2016-03-30 2018-08-10 安徽省家牧动物营养科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method reducing black carp feed protein
CN106719136A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method for preventing and treating catfish disease
CN106719134A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for improving swamp eel spawning rate
CN110833050A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-25 通威股份有限公司 Crucian breeding method combining materials according to temperature change

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