CN106728366A - 一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的清肝明目代用茶的制备方法 - Google Patents

一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的清肝明目代用茶的制备方法 Download PDF

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CN106728366A
CN106728366A CN201611041032.1A CN201611041032A CN106728366A CN 106728366 A CN106728366 A CN 106728366A CN 201611041032 A CN201611041032 A CN 201611041032A CN 106728366 A CN106728366 A CN 106728366A
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alternative tea
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宋永心
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Xining Zhi Pei Intellectual Property Advisory Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23FCOFFEE; TEA; THEIR SUBSTITUTES; MANUFACTURE, PREPARATION, OR INFUSION THEREOF
    • A23F3/00Tea; Tea substitutes; Preparations thereof
    • A23F3/34Tea substitutes, e.g. matè; Extracts or infusions thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/28Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow or echinacea
    • A61K36/287Chrysanthemum, e.g. daisy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/48Fabaceae or Leguminosae (Pea or Legume family); Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
    • A61K36/482Cassia, e.g. golden shower tree
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/60Moraceae (Mulberry family), e.g. breadfruit or fig
    • A61K36/605Morus (mulberry)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/81Solanaceae (Potato family), e.g. tobacco, nightshade, tomato, belladonna, capsicum or jimsonweed
    • A61K36/815Lycium (desert-thorn)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K9/00Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K9/0087Galenical forms not covered by A61K9/02 - A61K9/7023
    • A61K9/0095Drinks; Beverages; Syrups; Compositions for reconstitution thereof, e.g. powders or tablets to be dispersed in a glass of water; Veterinary drenches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/30Extraction of the material
    • A61K2236/33Extraction of the material involving extraction with hydrophilic solvents, e.g. lower alcohols, esters or ketones
    • A61K2236/331Extraction of the material involving extraction with hydrophilic solvents, e.g. lower alcohols, esters or ketones using water, e.g. cold water, infusion, tea, steam distillation, decoction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/30Extraction of the material
    • A61K2236/33Extraction of the material involving extraction with hydrophilic solvents, e.g. lower alcohols, esters or ketones
    • A61K2236/333Extraction of the material involving extraction with hydrophilic solvents, e.g. lower alcohols, esters or ketones using mixed solvents, e.g. 70% EtOH
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/30Extraction of the material
    • A61K2236/39Complex extraction schemes, e.g. fractionation or repeated extraction steps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/50Methods involving additional extraction steps
    • A61K2236/51Concentration or drying of the extract, e.g. Lyophilisation, freeze-drying or spray-drying
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/50Methods involving additional extraction steps
    • A61K2236/53Liquid-solid separation, e.g. centrifugation, sedimentation or crystallization

Abstract

本发明公开了一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的清肝明目代用茶的制备方法,是由下列原料制成:桑叶5~15g、决明子7.5~22.5g、蒺藜5~15g、枸杞10~30g、菊花12.5~37.5g,采用混合粉碎法或水提醇沉法或醇提水沉法制成颗粒制备而成。本发明的清肝明目代用茶携带、使用方便,口感好,易被人们接受;不含任何食品添加剂、激素及有害物质,适用于视力疲劳者长期食用。

Description

一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的清肝明目代用茶的制备 方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及一种类似茶叶冲泡的饮品,尤其是一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的 清肝明目代用茶的制备方法。
背景技术
[0002] 在高科技高速发展的信息时代,市场的激烈竞争,人们为了适应社会发展的需要, 经常处于高度紧张状态进行学习、工作和生活,随着社会经济、科学枝术的飞速发展,人们 主动或被动地都接受着各种高科技信息,学习新知识,接受新事物。久而久之,眼睛的过度 疲劳,导致视力减退,给学习、工作和生活带来诸多不使。因此,改善视力需注意休息,建立 良好的用眼卫生习惯,并注意食品营养和摄入一定量的改善视力类营养食品是至关重要 的。
[0003] 人类眼睛的视物功能与肝脏关系最为密切。肝开窍于目,肝血充盈与否,直接影响 视力。肝肾同源,肾虚则肝脏随之不足。故肾脏精气也是影响视力的重要因素。从中医的整 体观念而言,人体所有脏腑功能状态均与视力相关,亦即《内经》所言的“五脏六腑之精气皆 上注于目”。因此,人的整体机能衰退,或者外邪影响到各个脏腑功能,视力必然随之衰退。 [0004]代用茶多采用药食同源的植物的叶、花、果实、根茎等为原料,按一定比例拼配加 工成的产品,并通过小袋包装,长期食用无毒副作用,且因浓度低、刺激性小,口感好,是清 肝明目的最佳选择。目前这种采用食用植物作为有效成分的代用茶产品更符合现代人的口 味和生活习惯,因此具有很广阔的市场前景,人们对清肝明目的代用茶产品存在强烈需求。 [000S]至今为止,还未发现任何有关本发明代用茶组合物及其制备方法的报道。本发明 人经过反复研究,终于找到了有更好清肝明目效果的代用茶及其制备方法,从而完成了本 发明。
发明内容
[0006]本发明目的就是提供一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的有更好清肝明目效果的 代用茶的制备方法。
[0007]本发明是一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的清肝明目代用茶,其中所述的食用植 物是由下列原料制成:桑叶、决明子、蒺藜、枸杞、菊花。
[0008]它选择了桑叶、决明子、蒺藜、枸杞、菊花进行组合作为原料,其中(1)桑叶为桑科 ^物桑M^rus alba L•的干燥叶。具有疏散风热,清肺润燥,清肝明目的功效。用于风热感 _’肺热燥咳,头军头痛,目赤昏花。(2)决明子为豆科植物决明cassj_a 〇btusifolia L•或 小决明Cas^a tora L•的干燥成熟种子。具有清热明目,润肠通便的功效。用于目赤涩痛, 羞明多泪,头痛眩晕,目暗不明,大便秘结。(3)蒺藜为蒺藜科植物蒺藜Tribulus tei'festris L._的干燥成熟果实。具有平肝解郁,活血祜风,明目,止痒的功效。用于头痛眩 晕,胸胁胀痛,乳闭乳痈,目赤翳障,风疹瘙痒。(4)枸杞为茄科植物宁夏枸杞Lycium barbarum L•的干燥成熟果实。具有滋补肝肾,益精明目的功效。用于虚劳精亏,腰膝酸痛, 眩晕耳鸣,内热消渴,血虚萎黄,目昏不明。(5)菊花为菊科植物菊chrysanthemum mori f 〇 1 ium Ramat •的干燥头状花序。具有散风清热,平肝明目的功效。用于风热感冒,头痛 眩晕,目赤肿痛,眼目昏花。将这些食用植物组合使用使得各原料功效产生协同作用,从而 具有清肝明目的效果。
[0009]本发明代用茶中食用植物的用量也是经过发明人进行大量摸索总结得出的,各原 料用量为在下述具体重量范围内都具有较好效果:桑叶5〜15g、决明子7.5〜22.5g、蒺藜5 〜15g、枸杞10〜30g、菊花12.5〜37.5g。
[0010] 优选为:桑叶8〜12g、决明子12〜18g、蒺藜8〜12g、枸杞16〜24g、菊花20〜30g。
[0011]进一步优选为:桑叶10g、决明子15g、疾藜10g、枸杞20g、菊花25g。
[0012] 本发明代用茶中可食用植物的制备可以将上述用量的原料直接按重量称取,采用 混合粉碎后法后制成颗粒制得;也可以将上述用量的原料采用水提醇沉法或醇提水沉法后 制成颗粒制得。
[0013] 本发明代用茶的包装规格、食用方法及食用量为:1)可食用植物原料采用直接按 重量称取、混合粉碎制成的,每袋装5g,用沸水冲泡3〜5min,一次1袋,一日1〜2次。2)可食 用植物原料采用水提醇沉法或醇提水沉法制成的,每袋装2g,用沸水冲泡,一次丨袋,一日1 〜2次。
[0014]本发明代用茶携带、使用方便,口感好,易被人们接受;采用可食用植物原料组成, 不含任何食品添加剂、激素及有害物质,适用于视力疲劳者长期食用。
[0015] 【具体实施方式】 下面结合实施例对本发明代用茶做进一步详细的描述,但本发明代用茶的实施方式不 限于此。
[0016] 【实施例1】 + $称f桑叶10g、决明子15g、蒺藜l〇g、枸杞20g、菊花25g,混合后气流粉碎成细粉,流化床 喷雾造粒,6(TC ± 5 干燥3h ± 0.油,整粒,制得粒径在〇. 5mm大小的颗粒,混匀,用颗粒包装 机包装成每袋装5g的代用茶。
[00口]【实施例2】 称$桑叶8g、决明子12g、蒺藜8g、枸杞16g、菊花2〇g,混合后机械粉碎成细粉,喷水至形 成松散粒状,挤压造粒,6(TC ±5。〇干燥3h±0.证,整粒,制得粒径在1mm大小的颗粒,混匀, 用颗粒包装机包装成每袋装5g的代用茶。
[0018]【实施例3】 称^桑叶12g、决明子18g、蒺藜12g、枸杞24g、菊花30g,混合后机械粉碎成粗粉,用70% 乙醇做溶剂,浸渍48小时后缓缓渗漉,收集渗漉液,加热浓缩同时回收乙醇,浓缩至相对密 度1 • 〇5〜1 • 10 (25。〇,静置24小时,取上清液,喷雾干燥制粒,整粒,制得粒径在lmm大小的 颗粒,混匀,用颗粒包装机包装成每袋装2g的代用茶。
[0019]【实施例4】 a称取桑叶5g、决明子7_5g、蒺藜5g、枸杞1〇g、菊花12.5g,混合后机械粉碎成粗粉,用水 =煮提取2次H提取%,補驗液,麵加水煎煮棘冰时,收錢賴,合并2次 fc取液加热浓缩,浓缩至相对密度丨• 〇5〜丨• 1〇 (25。〇,喷雾干燥制粒,整粒,制得粒径在2mm 大小的颗杻,知匀,用颗粒包装机包装成每袋装的
[0020] 【实施例5】 gtnn;用氽。 称+取桑^叶15g、决明子22.5g、蒺藜15g、枸杞30g、菊花37.5g,混合后机械粉碎成粗粉,用 65%乙醇做溶剂,加热回流提取2次,第一次提取2h,收集提取液,残渣加65%乙醇回流提取工 小时,收集提取液,合并2次提取液加热浓缩同时回收乙醇,浓缩至相对密度1.05〜1.10 (25 °C),喷雾干燥制粒,整粒,制得粒径在2咖大小的颗粒,混匀,用颗粒包装机包装成每袋装2g 的代用茶。
[0021] 【实施例6】 称取桑叶9g、决明子13 •5g、蒺藜9g、枸杞18g、菊花22 •5g,混合后机械粉碎成粗粉,用水 煎煮提取2次,第一次提取2h,收集提取液,残渣加水煎煮提取1小时,收集提取液,合并2次 ^|^液加热浓缩,浓缩至相对密度1_2〇〜1.3〇(25。0,加95%乙醇并搅拌,至乙醇浓度达到 6〇%,静置1‘2小时,取上清液,加热浓缩同时回收乙醇,浓缩至相对密度1 _〇5〜1 •1〇 (25 °C), 喷雾干燥制粒,整粒,制得粒径在1mm大小的颗粒,混匀,用颗粒包装机包装成每袋装2g的代 用茶。

Claims (3)

1. 一种采用食用植物作为成分制成的清肝明目代用茶的制备方法,其特征在于是由以 下原料按具体重量:桑叶5〜lJ5g、决明子7 •5〜22. f5g、漢藜5〜l5g、枸杞1〇〜3〇g、菊花12.5 〜37 • 5g,采用混合粉碎法或水提醇沉法或醇提水沉法制成颗粒制备而成。 、2•根据权利要求1所述清肝明目代用茶的制备方法,其特征在于:各原料按具体重量优 选为:日^12〜18g、蒺薬8〜12g、枸杞16〜24§、菊花〜30g。' 选为f明目代用茶的制备方法,其特征在于:各原料按具体重量优 励.楽叶10g、决明于15g、疾藜1〇g、枸杞2〇g、菊花祝。
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CN107279646A (zh) * 2017-06-20 2017-10-24 刘忠波 抗眼睛疲劳菊花膏及其制备方法
CN110251607A (zh) * 2019-07-24 2019-09-20 新疆华世丹药物研究有限责任公司 一种缓解视力疲劳的中药复方制剂及其制备方法

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CN107279646A (zh) * 2017-06-20 2017-10-24 刘忠波 抗眼睛疲劳菊花膏及其制备方法
CN110251607A (zh) * 2019-07-24 2019-09-20 新疆华世丹药物研究有限责任公司 一种缓解视力疲劳的中药复方制剂及其制备方法

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Application publication date: 20170531