CN106523536B - A kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine - Google Patents

A kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106523536B
CN106523536B CN201611243378.XA CN201611243378A CN106523536B CN 106523536 B CN106523536 B CN 106523536B CN 201611243378 A CN201611243378 A CN 201611243378A CN 106523536 B CN106523536 B CN 106523536B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
plate
assembly
holder
roller
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611243378.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106523536A (en
Inventor
潘建懿
刘向荣
谢焕峰
贺显俭
饶恒武
王劝劝
李奇良
姜小英
董永强
许景丽
Original Assignee
宁波致泰自动化装备有限公司
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Priority to CN201611243378.XA priority Critical patent/CN106523536B/en
Publication of CN106523536A publication Critical patent/CN106523536A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106523536B publication Critical patent/CN106523536B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C43/00Assembling bearings
    • F16C43/04Assembling rolling-contact bearings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2226/00Joining parts; Fastening; Assembling or mounting parts
    • F16C2226/50Positive connections
    • F16C2226/52Positive connections with plastic deformation, e.g. caulking or staking

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machines, including workbench, the workbench is equipped with the driving mechanism of turntable and driving disc rotation, it is evenly distributed with several assembly stations on the turntable, several assembly station peripheries by being sequentially distributed retainer feeding mechanism, roller feeding mechanism, inner ring feeding mechanism, mechanism for sorting and press-loading device counterclockwise.By above-mentioned assembly machine, realizes that taper roll bearing inner assembly assembles automatically, reduce labor intensity, reduce disqualification rate, substantially increase production efficiency, improve productivity effect.

Description

A kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to the assembly equipment used in the automatic industry of bearing, group in especially a kind of taper roll bearing Part full automatic assembly machine.

Background technology

With socio-economic development, scientific and technological progress replaces artificial production operation using automation means, has become The main trend of domestic production industry.However at present when producing taper roll bearing inner assembly, majority be all by being manually assembled, Labor intensity is big, and percent defective is high, and benefit is low.

Invention content

In order to solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly is complete Automatic assembling machine realizes automatic assembling, improves production efficiency, reduces percent defective.

To achieve the goals above, a kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine designed by the present invention, packet Workbench is included, the workbench is equipped with the driving mechanism of turntable and driving disc rotation, if being evenly distributed on the turntable Dry assembly station, several assembly station peripheries by counterclockwise be sequentially distributed retainer feeding mechanism, roller feeding mechanism, Inner ring feeding mechanism, mechanism for sorting and press-loading device.

Further, the retainer feeding mechanism includes the first support being fixedly arranged on workbench, second support and Three holders, the first support are equipped with supporting table, and the supporting table is equipped with retainer storage device, in the second support Equipped with material transfer platform, the third holder is equipped with material transfering device, and the retainer storage device includes bottom plate, panel and several Flushing bar between bottom plate and panel for wearing fixed retainer, the bottom plate pass through equipped with several for retainer Wear material hole, material hole and the flushing bar worn corresponds, and is equipped with the first rotating drive mechanism below the supporting table, described the One rotating drive mechanism passes through supporting table and bottom plate to be rotatablely connected, and is additionally provided with through-hole in the supporting table, the through-hole be located at Feeder below supporting table is connected, and the material transfer platform is equipped with blanking table and positioning table, and the blanking table is located at feeder Underface, the material transfer platform are connected with the first elevating mechanism, to make blanking table closer or far from feeder, under the supporting table Side is equipped with the first delivery device, and first delivery device is located at remotely located side of blanking table and can be closer or far from positioning Platform, the material transfering device include clip feeder and turn glassware, and the clip feeder includes clamping cylinder and is connected with clamping cylinder A pair is clamped and is grabbed, and the clamping cylinder is connected with lift drive mechanism, described to turn glassware packet to make clamping cylinder move up and down Rotary cylinder is included, the rotary cylinder is fixedly arranged on third holder, and the lift drive mechanism is fixedly arranged on the rotation of rotary cylinder On arm.

Further, the roller feeding mechanism includes collating unit and stripper, and the collating unit includes tilting The mounting bracket of setting, a pair of of idler wheel on mounting bracket, the second rotating drive mechanism of driving a pair of idler wheel rotation and position If in the dry finishing plectrum on a pair of of idler wheel, if the dry finishing plectrum is located on the periphery of a transmission shaft and by the transmission Axis and the second motor are rotatablely connected, and are taken over equipped with roller between the pair of idler wheel, the stripper includes face assembler The de- material mould of position, the de- material mould include the switchboard of upper die and lower die and rotation between upper mold and lower die, the lower die Above uniformly running through has several de- material roads, the vertical range of the de- material track pitch from lower die center line to be gradually reduced from top to bottom, institute It states through there is vertically arranged circuit in upper mold, the circuit is corresponding with de- material road upper end, is uniformly distributed on the switchboard There are several material paths, the material path to be adapted with de- material road, the switchboard is connected with reciprocating drive mechanism, to make switch Plate reciprocating rotation is rotatably connected to rotating turret in the upper mold, and roller connecting tube is equipped on the rotating turret, and the roller connects Lower end face circuit is taken over, roller connecting tube upper end is connected with roller tube, and the roller tube is taken over roller to be connected, described Rotating turret is connected with rotating mechanism, to drive rotating turret to be rotated with roller tube;

Further include feeding holder, the feeding holder is equipped with the second elevating mechanism and transmission belt, the transmission belt One end face a pair of idler wheel, other end face transfer plate, the transfer plate are obliquely installed, and are installed on second elevating mechanism Mounting blocks, hopper is installed on the mounting blocks, and the hopper is equipped with for the roller in hopper to be pushed to transfer plate The second delivery device.

Further, second delivery device includes push plate and the second push cylinder being fixedly arranged on hopper, the material Bucket is equipped with the perforation passed through for push plate close to mounting blocks side, and second push cylinder is connected with push plate, to make push plate Along perforation closer or far from hopper upper surface, the hopper upper surface face transfer plate.

Further, the fixed hopper one end of the mounting blocks is obliquely installed.

Further, the arrangement plectrum includes sequentially connected mounting portion, interconnecting piece and clicking section, and the mounting portion is solid On transmission shaft, the width of the clicking section is less than the width of interconnecting piece.

Further, the inner ring feeding mechanism includes the 4th holder being located on workbench, and the 4th holder is equipped with Slide unit holder, the slide unit holder are equipped with the first slider cylinder, and first slider cylinder is equipped with link block, the connection Block is connected with upper and lower air cylinders, and the upper and lower air cylinders are connected with connecting plate, and the connecting plate is installed with hand and grabs cylinder, and the hand grabs cylinder It is connected with inner ring fixture;

Further include transmitting holder, the transmission holder is equipped with conveyer belt, and the conveyer belt is equipped with a pair of in the same direction with it The isolating bar of setting, the isolating bar are fixedly arranged on by isolating bar holder on transmission holder.

Further, the mechanism for sorting includes that neglected loading detection device, manipulator, non-defective unit transfer device and defective products are rejected Device, the neglected loading detection device include the optic fibre detector being located in one of on assembly station, the optic fibre detector with Manipulator is connected, and the non-defective unit transfer device includes opening-closing plate, the driving cylinder of driving opening-closing plate folding, on opening-closing plate It transfers fixture and the second slider cylinder of opening-closing plate sliding, the transfer fixture is driven to be adapted with bearing inner assembly periphery, The defective products device for eliminating includes removal station and rejecting cylinder, the rejecting cylinder face removal station.

Further, the opening-closing plate includes fixed plate and movable plate, and driving cylinder, the drive are installed in the fixed plate The cylinder arm of cylinder of taking offence is fixedly connected with movable plate, to make movable plate closer or far from fixed plate, the driving cylinder and Two slider cylinders are fixedly connected, and to make opening-closing plate be slided with the sliding of the second slider cylinder, the transfer fixture includes The fixed block being fixedly arranged in fixed plate and the movable block being fixedly arranged on movable plate, the movable block and fixed block opposite side are equal Equipped with fixing groove, the fixing groove is adapted with bearing inner assembly periphery.

Further, the press-loading device includes the 5th holder being located on workbench, is installed on the 5th holder Mounting plate and lower installation board, the upper mounting plate are fixedly arranged on by several guide rods above lower installation board, solid on the upper mounting plate Equipped with riveting cylinder, the cylinder arm of the riveting cylinder is passed down through upper mounting plate and is installed with riveting upper mold, the lower installation Ejection cylinder is installed with below plate, the ejection cylinder upper end passes through lower installation board and is installed with riveting lower die, on the riveting Mould corresponds to riveting lower die, and riveting space is formed between the riveting upper mold and riveting lower die, and the opening-closing plate is in the second slide unit Enter or leave the riveting space under the action of cylinder, the opening-closing plate is equipped with the ejection hole passed through for riveting lower die, institute State and be additionally provided with out material clamp on opening-closing plate, it is described go out material clamp with discharging driving mechanism be connected, transferred to use material clamp Move back and forth above fixture.

Compared with prior art, a kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine that the present invention obtains is beneficial Effect is:By above-mentioned assembly machine, realizes that taper roll bearing inner assembly assembles automatically, reduce labor intensity, reduce not Qualification rate substantially increases production efficiency, improves productivity effect.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of turntable of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is turntable of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of driving mechanism.

Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of retainer storage device in the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of panel in the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of material transfer platform and the first delivery device in the present invention.

Fig. 7 is another structural schematic diagram of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of material transfering device in the present invention.

Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding holder in the present invention.

Figure 10 is collating unit partial structural diagram in the present invention.

Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of collating unit in the present invention.

Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of stripper in the present invention.

Figure 13 is the vertical view of switchboard and lower die in the present invention.

Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram that holder is transmitted in the present invention.

Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram of slide unit holder in the present invention.

Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of neglected loading detection device in the present invention.

Figure 17 is the structural schematic diagram of defective products device for eliminating in the present invention.

Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram of non-defective unit transfer device in the present invention.

Figure 19 is the structural schematic diagram of press-loading device in the present invention.

Specific implementation mode

Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.

As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 19, a kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine, including workbench 1, the work Platform is equipped with the driving mechanism of turntable 2 and driving disc rotation, and several assembly stations 3, this reality are evenly distributed on the turntable Apply assembly station in example altogether there are six, and to be equipped with the first annulus that recess is formed downwards recessed for the centre of each tooling station Slot 4, the bottom centre of first ring groove, which is recessed downwards, forms the second ring groove 5, the bottom of second ring groove Portion center extends vertically to form fixed column 6 upwards, and the radius of second ring groove is less than the radius of the first ring groove, institute It states the second ring groove to be adapted with bearing inner assembly, the upper end of the fixed column is slightly above the upper surface with assembly station, institute State several assembly station peripheries by counterclockwise be sequentially distributed retainer feeding mechanism, roller feeding mechanism, inner ring feeding mechanism, Mechanism for sorting and press-loading device.

In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 3, the driving mechanism includes the first motor 7 and dispenser 8 of rotation connection, institute It states first motor with dispenser to be located at below workbench, the dispenser passes through workbench to be rotatablely connected with turntable.

As shown in Fig. 4 ~ 8, the retainer feeding mechanism include the first support being fixedly arranged on workbench, second support with And third holder, the first support be equipped with supporting table 9, the supporting table be equipped with retainer storage device, described second Holder is equipped with material transfer platform 10, and the third holder is equipped with material transfering device, and the retainer storage device includes bottom plate 11, face Plate 12 and several flushing bars 13 between bottom plate and panel for wearing fixed retainer, generally set bottom plate and panel Be set to circle, in the present embodiment, flushing bar is four, the bottom plate be equipped with it is several for retainer by wear material hole(Figure In do not mark), the material hole of wearing corresponds with flushing bar, is run down from flushing bar to be conducive to retainer, at every Briquetting 14 is equipped on flushing bar, the spacing between supporting table and bottom plate is less than a retainer height, the supporting table Lower section is equipped with the first rotating drive mechanism, and first rotating drive mechanism passes through supporting table to be rotatablely connected with bottom plate, the branch Be additionally provided with through-hole on support platform, the through-hole is connected with the feeder 15 being located at below supporting table, through-hole with it is big in feeder It is small with retainer by for standard, cannot be too big, can not be too small, the material transfer platform 10 is equipped with blanking table 16 and positioning table 17, the blanking table is located at immediately below feeder, and the material transfer platform is connected with the first elevating mechanism, to keeping blanking table close or Far from feeder, the first delivery device is equipped with below the supporting table, it is remotely located that first delivery device is located at blanking table Platform side and can closer or far from positioning table, in order to keep output of the retainer between blanking table and positioning table more smooth, Between blanking table and positioning table be equipped with a pair of guide rails 100, and between guide rail close to blanking table spacing slightly than elsewhere It is larger, while in order to allow blanking table preferably to place retainer, the cross section of the blanking table is arranged in concave arc, And the radian of indent is little, the material transfering device includes clip feeder and turns glassware, the clip feeder include clamping cylinder 18 and A pair of clamp being connected with clamping cylinder grabs 19, and the clamping cylinder is connected with lift drive mechanism, to make on clamping cylinder Lower movement, the glassware that turns includes rotary cylinder 20, and the rotary cylinder is fixedly arranged on third holder 21, the elevator drive machine Structure is fixedly arranged on the rotating arm 22 of rotary cylinder.

In the present embodiment, first rotating drive mechanism is the first rotary electric machine 23, and first delivery device is the One push cylinder 24, first elevating mechanism are the first lifting cylinder 25, and the lift drive mechanism is the second lifting cylinder 26。

The roller feeding mechanism includes collating unit and stripper, as shown in Figure 10,11, the collating unit packet Include the second rotation driving that the mounting bracket 27 being obliquely installed, a pair of of idler wheel 28 on mounting bracket, a pair of of idler wheel of driving rotate If mechanism and the dry finishing plectrum 29 on a pair of of idler wheel, if the dry finishing plectrum is located on the periphery of a transmission shaft 30 It above and by the transmission shaft and the second motor 31 is rotatablely connected, roller take over 32, the present embodiment is equipped between the pair of idler wheel In, the right end of mounting bracket is higher than left end, and roller takes over the left end close to mounting bracket, to facilitate sliding of the roller on idler wheel, It is compacter on workbench in order to make, the left end face retainer feeding mechanism of mounting bracket, wherein the second rotating drive mechanism is Second rotary electric machine 33, the second rotary electric machine pull a pair of of idler wheel to rotate in same direction simultaneously, arrange plectrum rotationally clockwise, are Can make roller it is small upside down, greatly head-up, the arrangement plectrum include sequentially connected mounting portion 34, interconnecting piece 35 with And clicking section 36, the mounting portion are fixedly arranged on transmission shaft, the width of the clicking section is less than the width of interconnecting piece, and stirs The side in portion and the side of interconnecting piece are flush connection, and platform 37 is arranged to form one with interconnecting piece in the other side of clicking section.

In order to ensure to arrange the service life of plectrum, the arrangement plectrum is integrally formed.While in order to protect roller whole Injury-free during reason, the arrangement plectrum is polyurethane material.

Place is taken in order to make roller smoothly be rolled into roller along idler wheel, a pair of of protection board is additionally provided with above a pair of of idler wheel 38, if the dry finishing plectrum is located between above-mentioned a pair of of protection board.

As shown in Figure 12,13, the stripper includes the de- material mould of face assembly station, and the de- material mould includes upper mold 39, lower die 40 and switchboard 41 positioned at upper mold and lower die between is rotated, uniformly through there are several de- material roads in the lower die 42(A de- material road is only cut in figure), the vertical range of the de- material track pitch from lower die center line be gradually reduced from top to bottom, Through there is vertically arranged circuit 43 in the upper mold, the circuit is corresponding with de- material road upper end, on the switchboard uniformly Several material paths 44 are distributed with, the material path is adapted with de- material road, and the switchboard is connected with reciprocating drive mechanism, to Make switchboard reciprocating rotation, in the present embodiment, reciprocating drive mechanism is reciprocating air cylinder 45, when reciprocating air cylinder drives switchboard to turn It is dynamic, make material path and de- material road upper end to it is corresponding when roller can pass through material path from circuit and fall into de- material road, then reciprocal gas Cylinder drives switchboard to return to original state, and material path is mutually staggered with de- material road upper end, and roller can not fall into de- from circuit In material path, to which the slave material path for making each switch of switchboard reach a roller passes through, it is rotatably connected in the upper mold Rotating turret 46, roller connecting tube 47, roller connecting tube lower end face circuit are equipped on the rotating turret, and the roller connects It takes over upper end and is connected with roller tube 48, the roller tube is taken over roller to be connected, and the rotating turret is connected with rotating mechanism, to Rotating turret is driven to be rotated with roller tube, in the present embodiment, rotating mechanism is third rotary electric machine 49;

Further include feeding holder 50, the feeding holder is equipped with the second elevating mechanism and transmission belt 51, the transmission Belt one end face a pair of idler wheel 28, other end face transfer plate 52, the transfer plate is obliquely installed, second elevating mechanism On be installed with mounting blocks 53, be installed with hopper 54 on the mounting blocks, the hopper is equipped with for pushing away the roller in hopper The second delivery device being sent on transfer plate.In the present embodiment, the second elevating mechanism uses third lifting cylinder 55.

In order to make the roller on transmission belt smoothly be rolled into idler wheel, one can generally be arranged between idler wheel and transmission belt Inclined transport way, and the height of transmission belt is higher than the height of idler wheel.

Second delivery device includes push plate 56 and the second push cylinder 57 being fixedly arranged on hopper, and the hopper leans on Nearly mounting blocks side is equipped with the perforation passed through for push plate, and second push cylinder is connected with push plate, to make push plate along Perforation is closer or far from hopper upper surface, the hopper upper surface face transfer plate.

In order to enable roller to be smoothly pushed on transfer plate from hopper, described fixed hopper one end of mounting blocks, which tilts, to be set It sets.In the present embodiment, the inclination of the fixed hopper one end of mounting blocks be by the right side turn left on be obliquely installed, transfer plate is from upper right toward lower-left It is obliquely installed.So set, the upper surface of hopper can be made to be inclined to set, roller is easy to roll out hopper.

Transmission belt is fixedly arranged on by belt supporting rack 58 on feeding holder, and drives transmission belt to pass by motor 59 It is dynamic.In order to control the lifting displacement of mounting blocks, lead limit switch can be generally set on transfer plate, and mounting blocks encounter stroke control When system switch, i.e. third lifting cylinder is out of service, when the roller in hopper pushes to a certain extent, third lifting cylinder band Dynamic mounting blocks and hopper walk downward, convenient to increase roller in hopper.

Cylinder mounting plate 60 is installed in the present embodiment, below hopper, cylinder mounting plate is concave, the second push cylinder It is fixedly arranged on cylinder mounting plate, and the cylinder arm of second push cylinder is fixedly connected with push plate, the slant setting of push plate is simultaneously And it is parallel with the end face of the fixed hopper of mounting blocks.

As shown in Figure 14,15, the inner ring feeding mechanism include be located at workbench on the 4th holder 61, described 4th Frame is equipped with slide unit holder 62, and the slide unit holder is equipped with the first slider cylinder 63, and first slider cylinder, which is equipped with, to be connected Block 64 is connect, the link block is connected with upper and lower air cylinders 65, and the upper and lower air cylinders are connected with connecting plate 66, and the connecting plate is installed with hand Cylinder 67 is grabbed, the hand grabs cylinder and is connected with inner ring fixture 68;

Further include transmission holder 69, the transmission holder is equipped with conveyer belt 70, and the conveyer belt is equipped with a pair and its The isolating bar 71 being arranged in the same direction, the isolating bar is fixedly arranged on by isolating bar holder 72 on transmission holder, described in the present embodiment The spacing of a pair of of isolating bar is equal with the outer diameter of inner ring.

As shown in Figure 16,17,18, the mechanism for sorting include neglected loading detection device, manipulator, non-defective unit transfer device and Defective products device for eliminating, the neglected loading detection device include the optic fibre detector 73 being located in one of on assembly station, this reality It applies in example, optic fibre detector is a pair, and is symmetrical arranged according to the extension line of the fixed column on assembly station, the fiber laser arrays Device is fixedly arranged on by detection support 74 in connecting shaft 75, and the connecting shaft is connected with the 4th rotary electric machine 76, to make optical fiber examine It surveys device when detecting, can rotate, detection is more accurate.The optic fibre detector is connected with manipulator, the non-defective unit transfer dress It sets including opening-closing plate, the driving cylinder 77 of driving opening-closing plate folding, the transfer fixture on opening-closing plate and driving opening-closing plate Second slider cylinder 78 of sliding, the transfer fixture are adapted with bearing inner assembly periphery, the defective products device for eliminating packet It includes removal station 79 and rejects cylinder 80, the rejecting cylinder face removal station.

The opening-closing plate includes fixed plate 81 and movable plate 82, and driving cylinder 77 is installed in the fixed plate, general to drive Cylinder of taking offence be clamping cylinder, it is described driving cylinder cylinder arm be fixedly connected with movable plate, to make movable plate closer or far from Fixed plate, the driving cylinder are fixedly connected by cylinder link block 97 with the second slider cylinder, to make opening-closing plate with The sliding of two slider cylinders and slide, the transfer fixture includes the fixed block 83 being fixedly arranged in fixed plate and is fixedly arranged on movement Movable block 84 on plate, the movable block are equipped with fixing groove 85, the fixing groove and group in bearing with fixed block opposite side Part periphery is adapted.

The removal station is equipped with guided way 86, the rejecting cylinder face guided way, and the rejecting cylinder face is oriented to It is equipped at rail and rejects head, the rejecting head is adapted with bearing inner race periphery, ensures that defective products is removed away along guided way.

As shown in Figure 18,19, the press-loading device includes the 5th holder being located on workbench, is consolidated on the 5th holder Equipped with upper mounting plate 88 and lower installation board 89, the upper mounting plate is fixedly arranged on by several guide rods 90 above lower installation board, described Riveting cylinder 91 is installed on upper mounting plate, the cylinder arm of the riveting cylinder is passed down through upper mounting plate and is installed on riveting Mould 92, the lower installation board lower section are installed with ejection cylinder 93, and the ejection cylinder upper end passes through lower installation board and is installed with riveting Mould 94 is depressed, the riveting upper mold corresponds to riveting lower die, and riveting space 95 is formed between the riveting upper mold and riveting lower die, The opening-closing plate enters under the action of the second slider cylinder or leaves the riveting space, and the opening-closing plate is equipped with for riveting The ejection hole 96 that lower die passes through, eject hole size combined with fixed block less than movable block after fixing groove be formed by size, and The centre position of fixing groove after combination, but can not be too small, it is ensured that bearing inner assembly can be ejected cylinder ejector, institute State and be additionally provided with out material clamp 98 on opening-closing plate, it is described go out material clamp with discharging driving mechanism be connected, moved to use material clamp It send and moves back and forth above fixture.

Go out one end setting blow tank 99 of material clamp, the periphery of blow tank is adapted with the periphery of bearing inner assembly, discharges Driving mechanism is generally reciprocating motor.

In order to which in the process of running, bearing inner assembly is not damaged, wherein inner ring fixture, reject head, transfer fixture, go out The blow tank of material clamp is polyformaldehyde material.

At runtime, the first rotary electric machine 23 drives bottom plate 11, panel 12 and flushing bar 13 to rotate, and when flushing bar, wears When expecting that the through-hole of hole and bottom plate is corresponding, the retainer on flushing bar passes through through-hole and blanking under the action of briquetting 14 Device 15 is fallen on blanking table 16, is fallen into before blanking table, and material transfer platform 10 can be risen to certain position by the first lifting cylinder 25, be made The height of material transfer platform upper surface to lower end distance less times greater than the retainer of feeder is advisable, it is ensured that will not damage retainer, protect It holds frame to fall into after blanking table, the first push cylinder 24 pushes the retainer on blanking table to be pushed to positioning table 17 along guide rail On, then the second lifting cylinder 26 drives material folding cylinder 18 to move down, and material folding cylinder makes a pair of clamp grab 19 and catch positioned at fixed Retainer on the platform of position, the second lifting cylinder drive material folding cylinder up to move, and rotary cylinder drives clamping cylinder to turn to dress With above station, the second lifting cylinder drives material folding cylinder to move down, and retainer is put into the second ring groove 5, so Material folding cylinder rises back to initial position and continues to capture retainer afterwards, in order to provide packaging efficiency, in the present embodiment, and material transfering device There is a pair.After the retainer transfer on a flushing bar, the first rotary electric machine is rotated further by certain angle, makes on bottom plate Through-hole is corresponding with flushing bar, carry out another flushing bar on retainer transfer, one of station place retainer it Afterwards, first motor 7 drives dispenser 8 to rotate, and to make turntable turn an angle, retainer is put into next assembler On position.Third lifting cylinder 55 drives mounting blocks 53 and hopper 54 up to move, and then push plate 56 is in the second push cylinder 57 Under the action of up push, make be located at push plate above roller be pushed to 52 on transfer plate from hopper, then roller is along transmission Plate is transmitted on transmission belt 51, and transmission belt is rolled on roller transmission to idler wheel 28 along idler wheel toward 32 direction of roller take over Dynamic, in rolling process, protection board 38 can prevent roller from rolling out idler wheel, and the arrangement by arranging plectrum 29, and roller is made to fall Enter when roller is taken over it is small upside down, greatly head-up, then roller taken over from roller falls into roller tube 48 and enter roller connecting tube 47, since rotating turret 46 is rotated with roller connecting tube under the drive of third rotary electric machine 49, to make through roller connecting tube Roller into circuit 43 may be uniformly distributed in circuit, drive 41 reciprocating rotation of switchboard of reciprocating air cylinder 45, on switchboard Material path 44 with the 42 corresponding connection of circuit and de- material road when, roller is fallen into from material path in de- material road, and from de- material road Fall into assembly station, the material path on switchboard not corresponding connection big with de- material when, roller can not call in de- material road, when it In after roller in an assembly station is in place, while the retainer in an assembly station closely is also mounted to position, Turntable is rotated further by a position, and inner ring transmits on conveyer belt 70, and after isolating bar 71 is arranged, and reaches to meet to put and want The inner ring asked, 63 band of the first slider cylinder start to grab above cylinder 67 to conveyer belt, and hand grabs cylinder under the action of upper and lower air cylinders Close to conveyer belt, it is used in combination inner ring fixture 68 to catch inner ring, then up moves away from conveyer belt, the first slider cylinder band starts to grab Cylinder slides on one of installation station, has installed retainer and roller on this installation station at this time, hand grabs gas Cylinder moves down and inner ring is put into the second ring groove, and then turntable is rotated further by the angle of a station, optic fibre detector 73 the 4th rotary electric machine 76 drive rotation the roller in assembly station is detected, when find roller quantity it is not right When, there is neglected loading situation, optic fibre detector sends a signal to manipulator, and the inner assembly of neglected loading roller is grabbed rejecting by manipulator On platform 79, rejects cylinder 80 and push rejecting head 87, make rejecting head that defective products be pushed to be released along guided way 86, it is ensured that defective products is not Into next step operational sequence, the accurate qualified bearing inner assembly of roller quantity is grabbed the transfer on opening-closing plate by manipulator In fixture, then cylinder 77 is driven to drive movable plate 82 and movable block 84 close to fixed plate 81 and fixed block 83, to be formed Qualified bearing inner assembly is transplanted on riveting space by one complete transfer fixture under the action of the second slider cylinder 78 In 95, riveting cylinder 91 drives riveting upper mold 92 to push, and riveting is carried out to the bearing inner assembly in riveting space, after riveting, Riveting upper mold moves up, and ejection cylinder 93 drives riveting lower die 94 by the bearing inner assembly ejection transfer fixture after riveting, goes out feed collet Bearing inner assembly after riveting is pushed to certified products collecting region by tool 98, and following process is facilitated to use.

During whole operation, artificial labor intensity is greatly reduced, can more efficiently assemble bearing inner assembly, And the qualification rate of the bearing inner assembly after assembling greatly promotes, and quality is relatively reliable.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine, including workbench, it is characterised in that:It is set on the workbench There is the driving mechanism of turntable and driving disc rotation, several assembly stations, several assembly are evenly distributed on the turntable Station periphery by counterclockwise be sequentially distributed retainer feeding mechanism, roller feeding mechanism, inner ring feeding mechanism, mechanism for sorting with And press-loading device;
The retainer feeding mechanism includes the first support being fixedly arranged on workbench, second support and third holder, described First support is equipped with supporting table, and the supporting table is equipped with retainer storage device, and the second support is equipped with material transfer platform, The third holder be equipped with material transfering device, the retainer storage device include bottom plate, panel and it is several be located at bottom plate with For wearing the flushing bar of fixed retainer between panel, the bottom plate be equipped with it is several for retainer by wear material hole, The material hole of wearing is corresponded with flushing bar, and the first rotating drive mechanism is equipped with below the supporting table, and first rotation is driven Motivation structure passes through supporting table and bottom plate to be rotatablely connected, and is additionally provided with through-hole in the supporting table, the through-hole under supporting table The feeder of side is connected, and the material transfer platform is equipped with blanking table and positioning table, and the blanking table is located at immediately below feeder, institute It states material transfer platform with the first elevating mechanism to be connected, the is equipped with to make blanking table closer or far from feeder, below the supporting table One delivery device, first delivery device are located at remotely located side of blanking table and can be described closer or far from positioning table Material transfering device includes clip feeder and turns glassware, and the clip feeder includes clamping cylinder and a pair of of the clamping being connected with clamping cylinder It grabs, the clamping cylinder is connected with lift drive mechanism, and to make clamping cylinder move up and down, the glassware that turns includes rotary pneumatic Cylinder, the rotary cylinder are fixedly arranged on third holder, and the lift drive mechanism is fixedly arranged on the rotating arm of rotary cylinder;
The roller feeding mechanism includes collating unit and stripper, and the collating unit includes the installation being obliquely installed The second rotating drive mechanism and be located at a pair of of idler wheel that frame, a pair of of idler wheel on mounting bracket, driving a pair of idler wheel rotate Dry finishing plectrum on if, if the dry finishing plectrum is located on the periphery of a transmission shaft and by the transmission shaft and the second electricity Machine is rotatablely connected, and is taken over equipped with roller between the pair of idler wheel, and the stripper includes the de- material mould of face assembly station, The de- material mould includes the switchboard of upper die and lower die and rotation between upper mold and lower die, is uniformly run through in the lower die There are several de- material roads, the vertical range of the de- material track pitch from lower die center line to be gradually reduced, passed through in the upper mold from top to bottom It is installed with vertically arranged circuit, the circuit is corresponding with de- material road upper end, and several punishments in advance are evenly distributed on the switchboard Hole, the material path are adapted with de- material road, and the switchboard is connected with reciprocating drive mechanism, to make switchboard reciprocating rotary It is dynamic, it is rotatably connected to rotating turret in the upper mold, roller connecting tube, roller connecting tube lower end are equipped on the rotating turret Face circuit, roller connecting tube upper end are connected with roller tube, and the roller tube is taken over roller to be connected, the rotating turret with Rotating mechanism is connected, to drive rotating turret to be rotated with roller tube;
Further include feeding holder, the feeding holder is equipped with the second elevating mechanism and transmission belt, described transmission belt one end Face a pair of idler wheel, other end face transfer plate, the transfer plate are obliquely installed, and installation is installed on second elevating mechanism Block, is installed with hopper on the mounting blocks, and the hopper is equipped with for being pushed to the roller in hopper on transfer plate Two delivery devices.
2. taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described second pushes away It includes push plate and the second push cylinder being fixedly arranged on hopper to send mechanism, and the hopper is equipped with close to mounting blocks side for pushing away The perforation that plate passes through, second push cylinder are connected with push plate, to make push plate along perforation closer or far from hopper upper end Face, the hopper upper surface face transfer plate.
3. taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The peace The fixed hopper one end of dress block is obliquely installed.
4. taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:It is described whole It includes sequentially connected mounting portion, interconnecting piece and clicking section to manage plectrum, and the mounting portion is fixedly arranged on transmission shaft, described to stir The width in portion is less than the width of interconnecting piece.
5. taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inner ring into Material mechanism includes the 4th holder being located on workbench, and the 4th holder is equipped with slide unit holder, is set on the slide unit holder There are the first slider cylinder, first slider cylinder to be equipped with link block, the link block is connected with upper and lower air cylinders, described upper and lower Cylinder is connected with connecting plate, and the connecting plate is installed with hand and grabs cylinder, and the hand grabs cylinder and is connected with inner ring fixture;
Further include transmission holder, the transmission holder is equipped with conveyer belt, and the conveyer belt is equipped with a pair and is arranged in the same direction with it Isolating bar, the isolating bar by isolating bar holder be fixedly arranged on transmission holder on.
6. taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sorter Structure includes neglected loading detection device, manipulator, non-defective unit transfer device and defective products device for eliminating, and the neglected loading detection device includes The optic fibre detector being located in one of on assembly station, the optic fibre detector are connected with manipulator, the non-defective unit transfer dress It sets and is slided including opening-closing plate, the driving cylinder of driving opening-closing plate folding, the transfer fixture on opening-closing plate and driving opening-closing plate The second dynamic slider cylinder, the transfer fixture are adapted with bearing inner assembly periphery, and the defective products device for eliminating includes picking Except platform and rejecting cylinder, the rejecting cylinder face removal station.
7. taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The opening-closing plate Including fixed plate and movable plate, driving cylinder is installed in the fixed plate, the cylinder arm and movable plate of the driving cylinder are solid Fixed connection, to make movable plate closer or far from fixed plate, the driving cylinder is fixedly connected with the second slider cylinder, to make Opening-closing plate is slided with the sliding of the second slider cylinder, the transfer fixture include the fixed block being fixedly arranged in fixed plate and The movable block being fixedly arranged on movable plate, the movable block are equipped with fixing groove, the fixing groove and axis with fixed block opposite side Inner assembly periphery is held to be adapted.
8. taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The pressing machine Structure includes the 5th holder being located on workbench, and upper mounting plate and lower installation board, the upper peace are installed on the 5th holder Loading board is fixedly arranged on by several guide rods above lower installation board, and riveting cylinder, the riveting cylinder are installed on the upper mounting plate Cylinder arm be passed down through upper mounting plate and be installed with riveting upper mold, be installed with ejection cylinder below the lower installation board, it is described Ejection cylinder upper end passes through lower installation board and is installed with riveting lower die, and the riveting upper mold corresponds to riveting lower die, and the riveting Riveting space is formed between upper mold and riveting lower die, the opening-closing plate enters under the action of slider cylinder or leave riveting sky Between, the opening-closing plate is equipped with the ejection hole that is passed through for riveting lower die, is additionally provided with out material clamp on the opening-closing plate, it is described go out Material clamp is connected with discharging driving mechanism, moves back and forth above transfer fixture to use material clamp.
CN201611243378.XA 2016-12-29 2016-12-29 A kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine CN106523536B (en)

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CN107009128B (en) * 2017-06-05 2019-03-19 广州市嘉特斯机电制造有限公司 A kind of press mounting system being mounted on seat ring and conduit on cylinder cap
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CN203035779U (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-07-03 宁波江宸自动化装备有限公司 Full-automatic bearing assembly machine
CN104384930A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-04 广州市嘉特斯机电制造有限公司 Sorting and assembling equipment for valve lock clamp components
WO2016091142A1 (en) * 2014-12-08 2016-06-16 深圳市奥斯珂科技有限公司 Equipment for producing usb flash drives
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