WO2016091142A1 - Equipment for producing usb flash drives - Google Patents

Equipment for producing usb flash drives Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016091142A1
WO2016091142A1 PCT/CN2015/096586 CN2015096586W WO2016091142A1 WO 2016091142 A1 WO2016091142 A1 WO 2016091142A1 CN 2015096586 W CN2015096586 W CN 2015096586W WO 2016091142 A1 WO2016091142 A1 WO 2016091142A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
plate
disk
lifting
cover
automatic feeding
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PCT/CN2015/096586
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尹春
胡朝阳
Original Assignee
深圳市奥斯珂科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201410743078.2 priority Critical
Priority to CN201410743078.2A priority patent/CN104353984B/en
Application filed by 深圳市奥斯珂科技有限公司 filed Critical 深圳市奥斯珂科技有限公司
Publication of WO2016091142A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016091142A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control

Abstract

Equipment for producing USB flash drives comprises a bottom plate (1), a conveyor apparatus (2) disposed on the bottom plate (1), and an automated lower-cover feeding apparatus (3), an automated chip feeding apparatus (4), an automated upper-cover feeding apparatus (5), a pressing apparatus (6), an automated steel-housing feeding apparatus (7) and an output apparatus (8) that are sequentially disposed on the bottom plate (1) along the process direction and linked to the conveyor apparatus (2). The automated lower-cover feeding apparatus (3) is used for placing a lower cover on the conveyor apparatus (2). The automated chip feeding apparatus (4) is used for placing a chip on the lower cover that is on the conveyor apparatus (2). The automated upper-cover feeding apparatus (5) is used for placing an upper cover on the lower cover. The pressing apparatus (6) is used for pressing the lower cover, the chip and the upper cover to assemble them together to form a USB flash drive body. The automated steel-housing feeding apparatus (7) is used for transporting a steel housing to the conveyor apparatus (2) and inserting the USB flash drive body into the steel housing. The output apparatus (8) is used for outputting a USB flash drive. The equipment achieves automated assembly production of USB flash drive products and improves the production efficiency.

Description

一种U盘生产设备  U disk production equipment
技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及U盘制造技术,尤其涉及一种U盘生产设备。The invention relates to a U disk manufacturing technology, in particular to a U disk production device.
背景技术Background technique
在现实生活中,U盘的种类繁多,其中一种使用广泛的U盘是通过旋转U盘上的钢夹,以将U盘打开。目前,此类U盘的生产都是靠人工流水线作业生产,比如通过工人将U盘本体与钢夹的组装孔对准,当工人预压和扩张钢夹时,往往因角度不到位,造成钢夹与U盘的扣合有紧有松,严重影响了产品质量和生产效率,人工组装U盘,不仅技术落后,生产效率低下,增加了生产成本,而且由于人工操作误差,造成产品的质量标准不统一,监管难度大。In real life, there are many types of USB flash drives. One of the widely used USB flash drives is to open the USB flash drive by rotating the steel clip on the USB flash drive. At present, the production of such U disk is produced by manual assembly line. For example, the worker aligns the U disk body with the assembly hole of the steel clip. When the worker preloads and expands the steel clip, the angle is not in place, resulting in steel. The buckle of the clip and the U disk is tight and loose, which seriously affects the product quality and production efficiency. The manual assembly of the U disk is not only backward in technology, low in production efficiency, but also increases production cost, and the quality standard of the product is not due to manual operation errors. Unification, supervision is difficult.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明所要解决的技术问题在于:提供一种U盘生产设备,实现U盘成品的自动化组装生产,提高了生产效率。The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a U disk production equipment, realize automatic assembly production of the U disk finished product, and improve production efficiency.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明提出了一种U盘生产设备,包括底板,还包括设置在底板上的工序流转装置、以及沿工序方向依次设置在底板上并且与工序流转装置相互衔接的下盖自动给料装置、芯片自动给料装置、上盖自动给料装置、压合装置、钢夹自动给料装置以及输出装置,其中,所述下盖自动给料装置用于将下盖放置在工序流转装置上;所述芯片自动给料装置用于将芯片放置在位于工序流转装置上的下盖上;所述上盖自动给料装置用于将上盖放置在下盖上;所述压合装置用于将下盖、芯片、上盖压合,形成U盘本体;所述钢夹自动给料装置用于将钢夹输送至工序流转装置,并将U盘本体嵌入钢夹内;所述输出装置用于将U盘输出。In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a U disk production apparatus including a bottom plate, further comprising a process flow device disposed on the bottom plate, and a lower cover which is sequentially disposed on the bottom plate in the process direction and which is coupled to the process flow device. Automatic feeding device, chip automatic feeding device, upper cover automatic feeding device, pressing device, steel clamp automatic feeding device and output device, wherein the lower cover automatic feeding device is used for placing the lower cover in the process On the flow device; the chip automatic feeding device is for placing the chip on the lower cover on the process flow device; the upper cover automatic feeding device is for placing the upper cover on the lower cover; the pressing device For pressing the lower cover, the chip and the upper cover to form a U disk body; the steel clip automatic feeding device is used for conveying the steel clip to the process flow device, and inserting the U disk body into the steel clip; the output The device is used to output a USB flash drive.
进一步地,所述芯片自动给料装置包括分别安装在底板上的直振座和机架,在直振座上设有一料道,在机架上设有一水平延伸的第一支架;Further, the chip automatic feeding device comprises a direct vibration seat and a frame respectively mounted on the bottom plate, a feeding channel is arranged on the direct vibration seat, and a horizontally extending first bracket is arranged on the frame;
所述第一支架上安装一升料气缸,在第一支架上还设有一与料道相互衔接的升料治具,所述升料治具与升料气缸的伸缩端联接;a lifting cylinder is mounted on the first bracket, and a lifting fixture connected to the material channel is further disposed on the first bracket, and the lifting fixture is coupled to the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder;
所述机架上设有一水平运动组件,所述水平运动组件的运动端设有一升降运动组件,所述升降运动组件的升降端设有一与所述升料治具位置相互对应的第一取料治具,所述第一取料治具用于从升料治具上提取芯片;The rack is provided with a horizontal moving component, and the moving end of the horizontal moving component is provided with a lifting and moving component, and the lifting end of the lifting and moving component is provided with a first reclaiming corresponding to the position of the lifting fixture a fixture for extracting a chip from a lifting fixture;
所述升料治具包括安装在升料气缸的伸缩端的推动块、固定安装在第一支架上并且与推动块在垂直方向相互平行设置的治具板,所述治具板的顶端设有一根或者两根向推动块方向水平延伸的扣簧,所述扣簧上设有压板;所述升料气缸的伸缩端处于收缩时,所述推动块位于压板的下方,所述压板处于水平状态,并且压板与推动块的顶端之间留有一容置空间。The lift fixture includes a push block mounted on the telescopic end of the lift cylinder, a fixture plate fixedly mounted on the first bracket and disposed parallel to the push block in a vertical direction, and a top end of the fixture plate is provided with a fixture Or two springs extending horizontally in the direction of the pushing block, the buckle spring is provided with a pressure plate; when the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder is in a contraction, the pushing block is located below the pressure plate, and the pressure plate is in a horizontal state, And there is an accommodation space between the pressure plate and the top end of the push block.
进一步地,所述治具板上位于容置空间附近设有用于检测芯片的检测光纤。Further, a detecting fiber for detecting the chip is disposed on the jig plate near the accommodating space.
进一步地,所述钢夹自动给料装置包括设置在底板上的推料机构、用于装载钢夹的载料机构、用于将钢夹从载料机构输送至推料机构上的取料机构,所述推料机构包括固定安装在底板上的基座、滑动设置在基座顶端的推料槽、固定设置在基座上用于推动推料槽滑动的第一推料气缸;所述推料槽的一端滑设有一根推动杆,所述推料槽的侧壁上固定设有用于驱动推动杆做往复滑动的第二推料气缸;所述推料槽的另一端的侧壁上设有一通道,所述推料槽的侧壁上固定安装一扩张气缸,所述扩张气缸的伸缩端固定安装一扩张治具,所述扩张治具在扩张气缸的驱动下可穿过所述通道后位于所述推料槽内。Further, the steel clip automatic feeding device comprises a pushing mechanism disposed on the bottom plate, a loading mechanism for loading the steel clip, and a reclaiming mechanism for conveying the steel clip from the loading mechanism to the pushing mechanism. The pushing mechanism includes a base fixedly mounted on the bottom plate, a pushing groove slidably disposed at a top end of the base, and a first pushing cylinder fixedly disposed on the base for pushing the sliding of the pushing groove; One end of the trough is slidably provided with a push rod, and a second push cylinder for driving the push rod to reciprocate is fixed on the side wall of the push groove; the side wall of the other end of the push groove is provided There is a passage, an expansion cylinder is fixedly mounted on a sidewall of the pusher groove, and a telescopic end of the expansion cylinder is fixedly mounted with an expansion fixture, and the expansion fixture can pass through the passage after being driven by the expansion cylinder Located in the pusher slot.
进一步地,所述扩张治具为一块体,所述块体朝向推动杆端的端部为一圆滑曲面,形成横截面形状呈“U”形块体。Further, the expansion jig is a block, and the end of the block facing the end of the push rod is a rounded curved surface, and a U-shaped block having a cross-sectional shape is formed.
进一步地,所述推动杆的推动端设有一优力胶部件,所述优力胶部件上设有一卡槽。Further, the pushing end of the pushing rod is provided with a superior rubber component, and the superior rubber component is provided with a card slot.
进一步地,所述扩张气缸通过一固定板安装在推料槽的侧壁上。Further, the expansion cylinder is mounted on the side wall of the pusher groove through a fixing plate.
进一步地,所述输出装置包括设置在底板上的第二支架,还包括:Further, the output device includes a second bracket disposed on the bottom plate, and further includes:
放料治具,其设置在底板上,用于放置U盘;a discharging fixture disposed on the bottom plate for placing the U disk;
水平运动机构,其设置在第二支架上;a horizontal movement mechanism disposed on the second bracket;
升降机构,其设置在水平运动机构上,升降机构在水平运动机构的带动下可在水平方向做往复移动;a lifting mechanism, which is arranged on the horizontal movement mechanism, and the lifting mechanism can reciprocate in the horizontal direction under the driving of the horizontal movement mechanism;
第三取料治具,其设置在升降机构上,第三取料治具在升降机构的驱动下可在竖直方向做升降运动;a third retracting jig, which is arranged on the lifting mechanism, and the third retrieving jig can be lifted and moved in the vertical direction under the driving of the lifting mechanism;
输送机构,其设置在底板上,用于将U盘输出,所述第三取料治具用于从放料治具上抓取U盘并将U盘放置在输送机构上。A conveying mechanism is disposed on the bottom plate for outputting the U disk, and the third retracting jig is configured to grab the U disk from the discharging jig and place the U disk on the conveying mechanism.
进一步地,所述输送机构上设有一与第三取料治具相互配合的纠正治具。Further, the transport mechanism is provided with a corrective jig that cooperates with the third retracting jig.
进一步地,所述输送机构包括输送带以及位于输送带侧边的挡板,所述纠正治具为设置在挡板上的纠正块。Further, the conveying mechanism comprises a conveyor belt and a baffle on a side of the conveyor belt, and the correction fixture is a correction block disposed on the baffle.
上述技术方案至少具有如下有益效果:本发明采用沿工序方向依次设置在底板上并且与工序流转装置相互衔接的下盖自动给料装置、芯片自动给料装置、上盖自动给料装置、压合装置、钢夹自动给料装置以及输出装置,实现U盘成品的自动化组装生产,提高了生产效率。The above technical solution has at least the following beneficial effects: the present invention adopts a lower cover automatic feeding device, a chip automatic feeding device, an upper cover automatic feeding device, and a press-fit device which are sequentially disposed on the bottom plate in the process direction and are connected to the process flow transferring device. The device, the steel clip automatic feeding device and the output device realize the automated assembly and production of the U disk finished product and improve the production efficiency.
上述说明仅是本发明技术方案的概述,为了能够更清楚了解本发明的技术手段,而可依照说明书的内容予以实施,并且为了让本发明的上述和其他目的、特征和优点能够更明显易懂,以下特举较佳实施例,并配合附图,详细说明如下。The above description is only an overview of the technical solutions of the present invention, and the above-described and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more clearly understood. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明U盘生产设备的结构示意图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图2是本发明U盘生产设备不带外壳的结构示意图。2 is a schematic view showing the structure of the U disk production apparatus of the present invention without a casing.
图3是本发明U盘生产设备中工序流转装置2的结构示意图。Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of the process flow device 2 in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图4是本发明U盘生产设备中芯片自动给料装置安装在底板上的结构示意图。Fig. 4 is a structural schematic view showing the automatic feeding device of the chip mounted on the bottom plate in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图5是本发明U盘生产设备中芯片自动给料装置的结构示意图一。Fig. 5 is a first schematic structural view of the chip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图6是本发明U盘生产设备中芯片自动给料装置的结构示意图二。Fig. 6 is a second structural diagram of the chip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图7是本发明U盘生产设备中芯片自动给料装置中升料治具与取料治具装配时的结构示意图。Fig. 7 is a structural schematic view showing the assembly of the lift fixture and the take-up jig in the chip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图8是本发明U盘生产设备中芯片自动给料装置中升料治具中推动块上升前的结构示意图。Fig. 8 is a structural schematic view showing the advancement of the push block in the lift fixture of the chip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图9是本发明U盘生产设备中芯片自动给料装置中升料治具中推动块上升后的结构示意图。Fig. 9 is a structural schematic view showing the push block in the lift fixture of the chip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图10是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置的结构示意图。Figure 10 is a schematic view showing the structure of a steel clip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图11是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置不带底板的结构示意图一。Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the structure of the steel clip automatic feeding device without the bottom plate in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图12是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置中推料机构的结构示意图一。Fig. 12 is a structural schematic view showing the structure of the pushing mechanism of the steel clip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图13是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置中推料机构的结构示意图二。Fig. 13 is a second structural schematic view of the pushing mechanism of the steel clip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图14是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置中扩张治具的结构爆炸图。Figure 14 is a structural exploded view of the expansion jig in the steel clip automatic feeding device of the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图15是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置中优力胶部件的结构示意图。Figure 15 is a schematic view showing the structure of an excellent rubber component in a steel clip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图16是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置不带底板的结构示意图二。Fig. 16 is a second structural view of the steel clip automatic feeding device without a bottom plate in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图17是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置中取料机构的结构示意图。Fig. 17 is a structural schematic view showing the reclaiming mechanism of the steel clip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图18是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置中取料治具的结构示意图。Fig. 18 is a structural schematic view showing the take-up jig of the steel clip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图19是本发明U盘生产设备中钢夹自动给料装置中载料机构的结构示意图。Figure 19 is a schematic view showing the structure of a loading mechanism of a steel clip automatic feeding device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图20是本发明U盘生产设备中输出装置的结构示意图。Figure 20 is a schematic view showing the structure of an output device in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图21是本发明U盘生产设备中输出装置的结构爆炸图。Figure 21 is a structural exploded view of the output device of the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图22是本发明U盘生产设备中第三取料治具的结构示意图。Figure 22 is a schematic view showing the structure of a third retracting jig in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
图23是本发明U盘生产设备中U盘纠正前和纠正后的对比示意图。Figure 23 is a schematic view showing the comparison of the U disk before and after correction in the U disk production apparatus of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。下面结合附图对本发明做进一步描述。It should be noted that the embodiments in the present application and the features in the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict. The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
如图1至图3所示,本发明实施例的U盘生产设备包括底板1、设置在底板1上的工序流转装置2、以及沿工序方向依次设置在底板1上并且与工序流转装置2相互衔接的下盖自动给料装置3、芯片自动给料装置4、上盖自动给料装置5、压合装置6、钢夹自动给料装置7以及输出装置8,其中,工序流转装置2设有用于放置U盘9(如图3所示)的放料部件21,放料部件21包括一放料块211,放料块211上设有用于放置U盘的凹槽212,凹槽212的槽底设有贯通所述放料块211底部的贯通孔213,这样方便输出装置8中设置在底板1上并且设于位于放料治具82底端的顶料气缸824的伸缩端可穿过所述贯通孔213伸入凹槽212内将U盘顶出,防止U盘被卡在凹槽212内。 As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, the U disk production apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a bottom plate 1, a process flow device 2 disposed on the bottom plate 1, and sequentially disposed on the bottom plate 1 along the process direction and mutually interact with the process flow device 2. The bottom cover automatic feeding device 3, the chip automatic feeding device 4, the upper cover automatic feeding device 5, the pressing device 6, the steel clip automatic feeding device 7 and the output device 8, wherein the process flow device 2 is provided For placing the discharge member 21 of the U disk 9 (shown in FIG. 3), the discharge member 21 includes a discharge block 211, and the discharge block 211 is provided with a groove 212 for placing the U disk, and a groove for the groove 212. The bottom is provided with a through hole 213 extending through the bottom of the discharge block 211, so that the telescopic end of the output device 8 disposed on the bottom plate 1 and disposed at the bottom end of the discharge fixture 82 can pass through the telescopic end of the discharge cylinder 824 The through hole 213 extends into the recess 212 to eject the U disk, preventing the U disk from being caught in the recess 212.
下盖自动给料装置3用于将下盖91(如图3所示)放置在工序流转装置2上,为下一个工序(放入芯片)做好准备。The lower cover automatic feeding device 3 is for placing the lower cover 91 (shown in FIG. 3) on the process flow device 2, and is ready for the next process (putting into the chip).
当下盖自动给料装置3将下盖放置在放料部件21上之后,芯片自动给料装置4将芯片92(如图3所示)放置在下盖上,如图4、图5所示,芯片自动给料装置4包括分别安装在底板1上的直振座41和机架42,在直振座41上设有一料道43,工人按一定顺序将芯片摆放在料道43上,通过直振座41输送到前方的升料治具46。在机架42上设有一水平延伸的第一支架44,第一支架44上安装一升料气缸45,在第一支架44上还设有一与料道43相互衔接的升料治具46,升料治具46与升料气缸45的伸缩端联接。After the lower cover automatic feeding device 3 places the lower cover on the discharging member 21, the chip automatic feeding device 4 places the chip 92 (shown in FIG. 3) on the lower cover, as shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. The automatic feeding device 4 includes a direct vibrating seat 41 and a frame 42 respectively mounted on the bottom plate 1. A straight channel 43 is disposed on the direct vibrating seat 41, and the worker places the chip on the material path 43 in a certain order, through the straight The vibrator 41 is delivered to the front lift fixture 46. A horizontally extending first bracket 44 is disposed on the frame 42. The first bracket 44 is mounted with a lift cylinder 45. The first bracket 44 is further provided with a lifting fixture 46 that is coupled with the material passage 43. The jig 46 is coupled to the telescopic end of the lift cylinder 45.
在机架42上设有一水平运动组件47,水平运动组件47的运动端设有一升降运动组件48,在升降运动组件48的升降端设有一与升料治具46位置相互对应的第一取料治具49,第一取料治具49用于从升料治具46上提取芯片,将芯片放在下盖上,在推料气缸472推动的过程中,保持芯片不会发生偏移。具体地,第一取料治具49包括一固定安装在升降板483上的第一吸盘491,在第一吸盘491上设有气嘴492,气体通过此气嘴492吸住芯片;第一吸盘491上设有一微型气缸493,在被第一取料气缸482推动提起的同时,微型气缸493将压住芯片,以确保芯片和第一吸盘491彻底分离,也能使芯片与预先放置的U盘下盖之间的扣合更加牢固;还包括与气嘴492相连通的空气压力表494,空气压力表494用于检测第一吸盘491是否吸住了芯片,如未吸住,第一取料气缸482就不会将第一取料治具49提升起来;水平运动组件47包括滑动设置在机架42上的推动板471,固定设置在机架42上用于驱动推动板471做往复运动的推料气缸472,机架42与推动板471之间设有第一缓冲器473,推料气缸472前后运动时,存在巨大的冲击力,第一缓冲器473可以缓冲冲击力的冲击,也能缓减零件之间碰撞时产生的噪音;升降运动组件48包括固定设置在推动板471上的纵向导轨481和第一取料气缸482,纵向导轨481上滑动设置一升降板483,第一取料气缸482的驱动端与升降板483连接,当升料治具46上升后,第一取料气缸482将带动第一吸盘491下降,在升料治具46内取料,再上升;当推料气缸472将第一吸盘491推到U盘放料部件21上方时,第一取料气缸482将带动第一吸盘491下降放料,再上升。A horizontal movement assembly 47 is disposed on the frame 42. The movable end of the horizontal movement assembly 47 is provided with a lifting movement assembly 48. At the lifting end of the lifting movement assembly 48, a first reclaiming corresponding to the position of the lifting fixture 46 is provided. The jig 49, the first retracting jig 49 is used to extract the chip from the lifting jig 46, and place the chip on the lower cover to keep the chip from shifting during the pushing of the push cylinder 472. Specifically, the first retracting jig 49 includes a first suction cup 491 fixedly mounted on the lifting plate 483, and a gas nozzle 492 is disposed on the first suction cup 491, and the gas sucks the chip through the gas nozzle 492; the first suction cup A small cylinder 493 is disposed on the 491. While being pushed up by the first reclaiming cylinder 482, the microcylinder 493 will press the chip to ensure that the chip and the first suction cup 491 are completely separated, and the chip and the pre-placed U disk can be The fastening between the lower covers is more secure; further comprising an air pressure gauge 494 communicating with the air nozzle 492, the air pressure gauge 494 is for detecting whether the first suction cup 491 has sucked the chip, if not sucked, the first reclaiming The cylinder 482 does not lift the first retracting jig 49; the horizontal moving assembly 47 includes a pushing plate 471 that is slidably disposed on the frame 42 and is fixedly disposed on the frame 42 for driving the pushing plate 471 to reciprocate. The first buffer 473 is disposed between the frame 42 and the push plate 471. When the push cylinder 472 moves back and forth, there is a huge impact force, and the first buffer 473 can buffer the impact of the impact force. Reduce the noise generated when a part collides; The lifting movement assembly 48 includes a longitudinal rail 481 fixedly disposed on the pushing plate 471 and a first retracting cylinder 482. The lifting rail 483 is slidably disposed on the longitudinal rail 481. The driving end of the first reclaiming cylinder 482 is connected to the lifting plate 483. When the lifting fixture 46 is raised, the first reclaiming cylinder 482 will drive the first suction cup 491 to descend, take the material in the lifting fixture 46, and then rise; when the pushing cylinder 472 pushes the first suction cup 491 to the U disk. When the discharge member 21 is above the first take-up cylinder 482, the first suction cup 491 is driven to lower the discharge and then rise.
如图6、图7、图8、图9所示,升料治具46包括安装在升料气缸45的伸缩端的推动块461、固定安装在第一支架44上并且与推动块461在垂直方向相互平行设置的治具板462,治具板462的顶端设有一根或者两根向推动块461方向水平延伸的扣簧463,扣簧463上设有压板464;升料气缸45的伸缩端处于收缩时,推动块461位于压板464的下方,压板464处于水平状态,并且压板464与推动块461的顶端之间留有一容置空间465,这样当芯片通过料道43输送至容置空间465内,压板464压合在芯片表面,当升料治具46上升的过程中,压板464可以保持芯片与治具不会脱落。治具板462上位于容置空间465附近设有用于检测芯片的检测光纤466,检测通过料道43进入升料治具46里的芯片是否已到位,如到位,升料气缸45将会把推动块461与芯片同时上升到一定高度,如未到位,则升料气缸45不会动作。当升料气缸45将会把推动块461与芯片同时上升到一定高度时,芯片克服扣簧的扭力,使得压板464翻开,这时气嘴492将芯片吸取,然后升料气缸45下降带动推动块461回位,此时扣簧使压板快速复位。As shown in FIGS. 6, 7, 8, and 9, the lift fixture 46 includes a push block 461 mounted on the telescopic end of the lift cylinder 45, fixedly mounted on the first bracket 44 and perpendicular to the push block 461. The jig plate 462 disposed parallel to each other, the top end of the jig plate 462 is provided with one or two springs 463 extending horizontally in the direction of the pushing block 461, and the buckle spring 463 is provided with a pressing plate 464; the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder 45 is at When the contraction is performed, the pushing block 461 is located below the pressing plate 464, the pressing plate 464 is in a horizontal state, and an accommodating space 465 is left between the pressing plate 464 and the top end of the pushing block 461, so that the chip is transported into the accommodating space 465 through the channel 43. The pressing plate 464 is pressed against the surface of the chip. During the rising of the lifting fixture 46, the pressing plate 464 can keep the chip and the fixture from falling off. A detecting fiber 466 for detecting the chip is disposed on the jig plate 462 near the accommodating space 465, and detecting whether the chip entering the lifting jig 46 through the channel 43 is in place, and if it is in place, the lifting cylinder 45 will push The block 461 rises to a certain height at the same time as the chip, and if not in place, the lift cylinder 45 does not operate. When the lift cylinder 45 will raise the push block 461 and the chip to a certain height at the same time, the chip overcomes the torsion force of the buckle spring, so that the pressure plate 464 is opened, at which time the air nozzle 492 sucks the chip, and then the lift cylinder 45 descends to drive Block 461 is returned and the buckle spring quickly resets the pressure plate.
第一吸盘491上固定安装一取料板495,取料板495上设有缓冲件496,因为同步,第一吸盘491在升料治具46里取料的同时,该缓冲件496将纠正U盘放料部件21中下盖的位置,以确保芯片在被放入U盘放料治具82里时,能与下盖很好的扣合。A pick-up plate 495 is fixedly mounted on the first suction cup 491, and a buffering member 496 is disposed on the pick-up plate 495. Because of the synchronization, the first suction cup 491 picks up the material in the lifting fixture 46, and the buffering member 496 corrects the U. The position of the lower cover in the disk discharge member 21 ensures that the chip can be fastened to the lower cover when it is placed in the U disk discharge jig 82.
工作时,当检测光纤466检测到芯片的存在时,升料气缸45将带动升料治具46上升到合适位置;第一取料气缸482会带动第一吸盘491下降到升料治具46上取料,与此同时,U盘放料治具82上方的缓冲件496将纠正该治具内下盖的位置;真空空气压力表494如检测到第一取料治具49已经吸住了升料治具46上的芯片,第一取料气缸482将带动第一吸盘491上升,与此同时,升料气缸45将带动升料治具46下降,为下一次升料作准备。In operation, when the detecting fiber 466 detects the presence of the chip, the lifting cylinder 45 will drive the lifting fixture 46 to the proper position; the first reclaiming cylinder 482 will drive the first suction cup 491 to descend to the lifting fixture 46. At the same time, the buffer member 496 above the U disk discharge jig 82 will correct the position of the lower cover of the jig; the vacuum air pressure gauge 494 detects that the first retracting tool 49 has sucked up. The chip on the fixture 46, the first take-up cylinder 482 will drive the first suction cup 491 to rise, and at the same time, the lift cylinder 45 will drive the lift fixture 46 down to prepare for the next batch.
当第一吸盘491上升到一定位置时,推料气缸472将推动第一吸盘491到U盘放料部件21上方;第一取料气缸482将带动第一吸盘491下降,将芯片放在U盘放料部件21里,然后上升;与此同时,微型气缸493将压住芯片,防止芯片与第一吸盘491粘合的情况,推料气缸472将第一吸盘491拉回原位。When the first suction cup 491 rises to a certain position, the push cylinder 472 will push the first suction cup 491 to the U disk discharge member 21; the first take-up cylinder 482 will drive the first suction cup 491 to lower, and place the chip on the U disk. The discharge member 21 is then raised; at the same time, the microcylinder 493 will press the chip to prevent the chip from sticking to the first suction cup 491, and the push cylinder 472 pulls the first suction cup 491 back to the original position.
因此,将芯片放入下盖中时,在芯片放置效率及准确率上大大提高,由人工放置的25PCS/min提高到40PCS/min,不仅提高了芯片的放置精度,而且大大提高了生产效率,而且降低了生产成本。Therefore, when the chip is placed in the lower cover, the efficiency and accuracy of the chip placement are greatly improved, and the manual placement of 25PCS/min is increased to 40PCS/min, which not only improves the placement precision of the chip, but also greatly improves the production efficiency. And reduce production costs.
上盖自动给料装置5用于将上盖93(如图3所示)放置在下盖上,下盖和上盖相互盖合,将芯片包裹在下盖和上盖之间,起到保护芯片的作。The upper cover automatic feeding device 5 is used for placing the upper cover 93 (shown in FIG. 3) on the lower cover, the lower cover and the upper cover are covered with each other, and the chip is wrapped between the lower cover and the upper cover to protect the chip. Work.
压合装置6用于将下盖、芯片、上盖压合,形成U盘本体。The pressing device 6 is used for pressing the lower cover, the chip, and the upper cover to form a U disk body.
当U盘本体制成后,钢夹自动给料装置7将钢夹94(如图3所示)输送至工序流转装置2的放料部件21上,并将U盘本体嵌入钢夹内;如图10、图11所示,钢夹自动给料装置7包括设置在底板1上的推料机构71、用于装载钢夹的载料机构72、用于将钢夹从载料机构72输送至推料机构71上的取料机构73,如图12、图13所示,推料机构71包括固定安装在底板1上的基座711、滑动设置在基座711顶端的推料槽712、固定设置在基座711上用于推动推料槽712滑动的第一推料气缸713;推料槽712的一端滑设有一根推动杆714,推料槽712的侧壁上固定设有用于驱动推动杆714滑动的第二推料气缸715;推料槽712的另一端的一侧壁上设有一通道716,推料槽712的侧壁上固定安装一扩张气缸717,扩张气缸717的伸缩端固定安装一扩张治具718,扩张治具718在扩张气缸717的驱动下可穿过所述通道716后位于所述推料槽712内。其中,如图14所示,扩张治具718为一块体,块体朝向推动杆714端的端部为一圆滑曲面,形成横截面形状呈“U”形的块体;如图15所示,推动杆714的推动端设有一优力胶部件74,所述优力胶部件74上设有一卡槽741;扩张气缸717通过一固定板719安装在推料槽712的侧壁上。After the U disk body is made, the steel clip automatic feeding device 7 transports the steel clip 94 (shown in FIG. 3) to the discharging member 21 of the process flow device 2, and inserts the U disk body into the steel clip; As shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the steel clip automatic feeding device 7 includes a pushing mechanism 71 disposed on the bottom plate 1, a loading mechanism 72 for loading the steel clip, and a steel clip for transporting the steel clip from the loading mechanism 72 to As shown in FIGS. 12 and 13 , the retracting mechanism 71 of the push mechanism 71 includes a base 711 fixedly mounted on the bottom plate 1 , a push groove 712 slidably disposed at the top end of the base 711 , and fixed. The first push cylinder 713 is disposed on the base 711 for pushing the push groove 712 to slide; one end of the push groove 712 is slidably provided with a push rod 714, and the side wall of the push groove 712 is fixedly provided for driving the push a second push cylinder 715 that slides the rod 714; a side wall 716 is disposed on a side wall of the other end of the push groove 712, and an expansion cylinder 717 is fixedly mounted on the side wall of the push groove 712, and the telescopic end of the expansion cylinder 717 is fixed. An expansion fixture 718 is mounted, the expansion fixture 718 being movable through the passage 716 under the drive of the expansion cylinder 717 712 in the trough. As shown in FIG. 14, the expansion jig 718 is a block body, and the end of the block body facing the end of the push rod 714 is a rounded curved surface, forming a block having a U-shaped cross-sectional shape; as shown in FIG. The push end of the rod 714 is provided with a superior rubber member 74. The superior rubber member 74 is provided with a card slot 741. The expansion cylinder 717 is mounted on the side wall of the pusher groove 712 via a fixing plate 719.
如图16、图17、图18所示,取料机构73包括固定安装在底板1上的传送导轨731、滑动安装在传送导轨731上的安装板732、以及安装在传送导轨731上用于驱动安装板732沿传送导轨731做往复运动的伺服电机组件733,伺服电机组件733控制第二取料治具735的走位,使其能准确的在料盒724里面取钢夹;安装板732上设有一第二取料气缸734,第二取料气缸734的驱动端固定安装一用于取放钢夹的第二取料治具735。其中,第二取料治具735包括一取料块7351,所述取料块7351上设有真空第一吸嘴7352,气体通过真空第一吸嘴7352吸住料盒724内的钢夹;取料块7351上设有优力胶部件7353,钢夹被第二取料治具735预压一定角度的过程中起到缓冲作用;真空第一吸嘴7352的气路上安装一空气压力表75,检测第二取料治具735是否吸住钢夹,如第二取料治具735连续两次取料不成功,系统将报警停机。As shown in FIGS. 16, 17, and 18, the take-up mechanism 73 includes a transfer guide 731 fixedly mounted on the bottom plate 1, a mounting plate 732 slidably mounted on the transfer guide 731, and mounted on the transfer guide 731 for driving. The mounting plate 732 performs a reciprocating servo motor assembly 733 along the transport rail 731. The servo motor assembly 733 controls the position of the second retracting jig 735 so that it can accurately take the steel clip inside the cartridge 724; the mounting plate 732 A second reclaiming cylinder 734 is disposed, and a driving end of the second reclaiming cylinder 734 is fixedly mounted with a second retracting jig 735 for taking and placing a steel clip. The second retracting jig 735 includes a reclaiming block 7351, and the reclaiming block 7351 is provided with a vacuum first nozzle 7352, and the gas sucks the steel clip in the cartridge 724 through the vacuum first nozzle 7352; The picking block 7351 is provided with an excellent adhesive component 7353, and the steel clip is buffered by the second take-up jig 735 for pre-pressing a certain angle; an air pressure gauge 75 is installed on the gas path of the vacuum first nozzle 7352 Detecting whether the second retracting jig 735 sucks the steel clip. If the second retracting jig 735 fails to take the material twice in succession, the system will stop the alarm.
如图19所示,载料机构72包括固定安装在底板1上的固定座721、滑动设置在固定座721上的托板722以及安装在固定座721上用于驱动托板722运动的步进电机组件723,步进电机组件723为钢夹载具的移动提供动力,所述固定安装在托板722上的料盒724。鼓动你工作上设有用于控制步进电机组件723驱动托板722移动位置的光电开关76,当料盒724其中一排钢夹被取完后,光电开关76在料盒724移动到下一排时起定位控制作用;托板722上设有用于检测料盒724位置的近接开关77,当工人将放好钢夹的料盒724放在托板722上时,能检测是否放置平稳;托板722上设有用于固定料盒724位置的定位块78,当工人在放置料盒724的过程中,能起到前后左右定位作用。钢夹载具上该排钢夹已被取完,通过光电开关76和步进马达将移至下一排。As shown in FIG. 19, the loading mechanism 72 includes a fixing base 721 fixedly mounted on the bottom plate 1, a bracket 722 slidably disposed on the fixing base 721, and a step mounted on the fixing base 721 for driving the movement of the pallet 722. Motor assembly 723, stepper motor assembly 723 provides power to the movement of the steel clip carrier that is fixed to cartridge 724 on pallet 722. Agitating your work is provided with a photoelectric switch 76 for controlling the moving position of the stepper motor assembly 723 to drive the pallet 722. When one of the rows of steel clips of the cartridge 724 is removed, the photoelectric switch 76 moves to the next row in the cartridge 724. Positioning control function; the pallet 722 is provided with a proximity switch 77 for detecting the position of the cartridge 724, and when the worker places the cartridge 724 with the steel clip on the pallet 722, it can detect whether the placement is stable; The positioning block 78 for fixing the position of the cartridge 724 is provided on the 722, and the worker can play the front, rear, left and right positioning functions during the process of placing the cartridge 724. The steel clamp on the steel clamp carrier has been taken, and will move to the next row through the photoelectric switch 76 and the stepping motor.
工作时,第二推料气缸715驱动推动杆714将钢夹推至扩张治具718,扩张治具718从钢夹的开口处进入,将钢夹撑开扩张;钢夹被扩张后,钢夹、推料槽712、扩张气缸717、扩张治具718以及第二推料气缸715将被第一推料气缸713整体推动,直到扩张后的钢夹穿过后置工序中的U盘放料治具82内的U盘的上下两面,且钢夹与U盘的扣位处在同一竖直位置时,扩张气缸717将从通道716处拉回扩张治具718,使扩张治具718与钢夹脱离,此时钢夹在自身的回复力作用下与U盘扣合。在这个过程中,取料机构73通过第二取料治具735将钢夹从载料机构72输送至推料机构71的上方,即第二取料治具735已经取好钢夹至推料槽712上方,这时,第一推料气缸713将推料槽712、扩张气缸717、扩张治具718以及第二推料气缸715恢复原位后,第二推料气缸715再恢复原位,第二取料气缸734下降,将第二取料治具735上的钢夹放在推料槽712内,再给钢夹施一定的预压力,然后上升,依次重复上述过程。In operation, the second push cylinder 715 drives the push rod 714 to push the steel clamp to the expansion fixture 718, and the expansion fixture 718 enters from the opening of the steel clamp to expand and expand the steel clamp; after the steel clamp is expanded, the steel clamp The pusher slot 712, the expansion cylinder 717, the expansion fixture 718, and the second push cylinder 715 will be pushed by the first push cylinder 713 as a whole until the expanded steel clip passes through the U disk discharge fixture in the post process. When the upper and lower sides of the U disk in the 82 are in the same vertical position and the buckle of the U disk is in the same vertical position, the expansion cylinder 717 will pull back the expansion fixture 718 from the channel 716 to disengage the expansion fixture 718 from the steel clip. At this time, the steel clip is engaged with the U disk under the action of its own restoring force. In this process, the reclaiming mechanism 73 transports the steel clip from the loading mechanism 72 to the upper side of the pushing mechanism 71 through the second retracting jig 735, that is, the second retracting jig 735 has taken the steel clip to the pushing material. Above the groove 712, at this time, after the first push cylinder 713 returns the push groove 712, the expansion cylinder 717, the expansion jig 718 and the second push cylinder 715 to the original position, the second push cylinder 715 returns to the original position. The second reclaiming cylinder 734 is lowered, and the steel clip on the second retracting jig 735 is placed in the pushing trough 712, and then the steel clamp is applied with a certain pre-pressure, and then raised, and the above process is repeated in sequence.
因此,通过预先设置,扩张治具718能保证钢夹在很小的角度范围内预压和扩张,与后续工序中的U盘扣合组装后,能保证钢夹与U盘扣合后松紧合适,不仅产品的标准统一,大大提高了生产效率,而且降低了生产成本。Therefore, by pre-setting, the expansion fixture 718 can ensure that the steel clamp is pre-compressed and expanded in a small angle range, and after the U-disk is assembled and assembled in the subsequent process, the steel clip and the U-disc can be securely fastened after being fastened. Not only the standardization of products, but also greatly improved production efficiency and reduced production costs.
输出装置8用于将U盘输出,如图20、图21、图22所示,输出装置8包括设置在底板1上的第二支架81,还包括与上述放料部件21结构相同的放料治具82、水平运动机构83、升降机构84、第三取料治具85、输送机构86、纠正治具87以及真空压力表87,其中,放料治具82,其设置在底板1上,用于放置U盘,具体地,参照上述放料部件21的结构,放料治具82包括一放料块821,放料块821上设有用于放置U盘的凹槽822,所述凹槽822的槽底设有贯通所述放料块821底部的贯通孔823;所述底板1上设于位于放料治具82底端的顶料气缸824,所述顶料气缸824的伸缩端可穿过所述贯通孔823伸入凹槽822内。顶料气缸824的伸缩端设有优力胶件825,避免损坏U盘。The output device 8 is for outputting a U disk. As shown in FIG. 20, FIG. 21 and FIG. 22, the output device 8 includes a second bracket 81 disposed on the bottom plate 1, and further includes the same material discharging structure as the above-described discharging member 21. a fixture 82, a horizontal movement mechanism 83, a lifting mechanism 84, a third retracting jig 85, a conveying mechanism 86, a correction jig 87, and a vacuum pressure gauge 87, wherein the discharge jig 82 is disposed on the bottom plate 1, For placing the U disk, specifically, with reference to the structure of the above-described discharging member 21, the discharging jig 82 includes a discharging block 821, and the discharging block 821 is provided with a groove 822 for placing a U disk, the groove The bottom of the groove of the 822 is provided with a through hole 823 extending through the bottom of the discharge block 821; the bottom plate 1 is disposed on the top hole cylinder 824 at the bottom end of the discharge fixture 82, and the telescopic end of the top cylinder 824 can be worn. The through hole 823 extends into the recess 822. The telescopic end of the top material cylinder 824 is provided with an excellent adhesive member 825 to avoid damage to the U disk.
升降机构84设置在水平运动机构83上,升降机构84在水平运动机构83的带动下可在水平方向做往复移动,升降机构84包括固定在滑板831上的导杆841、滑动设置在导杆841上的升降座842、固定安装在滑板831上的第三取料气缸843,所述升降座842在第三取料气缸843的驱动下沿导杆841做升降运动;所述第三取料治具85安装在升降座842上。The lifting mechanism 84 is disposed on the horizontal movement mechanism 83. The lifting mechanism 84 can reciprocate in the horizontal direction under the driving of the horizontal movement mechanism 83. The lifting mechanism 84 includes a guiding rod 841 fixed on the sliding plate 831 and slidingly disposed on the guiding rod 841. The upper lifting block 842 is fixedly mounted on the sliding plate 831, and the lifting block 842 is driven by the third reclaiming cylinder 843 to move up and down along the guiding rod 841; The holder 85 is mounted on the lifting base 842.
水平运动机构83设置在第二支架81上,水平运动机构83包括滑动安装在第二支架81上的滑板831、固定安装在第二支架81上的拉料气缸832,所述滑板831在拉料气缸832的驱动下在水平方向做往复移动;滑板831上设有第二缓冲器88。The horizontal movement mechanism 83 is disposed on the second bracket 81. The horizontal movement mechanism 83 includes a slide plate 831 slidably mounted on the second bracket 81, and a pull cylinder 832 fixedly mounted on the second bracket 81. The slide plate 831 is pulled. The cylinder 832 is driven to reciprocate in the horizontal direction; the slider 831 is provided with a second buffer 88.
第三取料治具85设置在升降机构84上,第三取料治具85在升降机构84的驱动下可在竖直方向做升降运动,所述第三取料治具85用于从放料治具82上抓取U盘并将U盘放置在输送机构86上;第三取料治具85包括一第二吸盘851,所述第二吸盘851上设有第二吸嘴852。The third retracting jig 85 is disposed on the lifting mechanism 84, and the third retracting jig 85 can be moved up and down in the vertical direction by the lifting mechanism 84, and the third retracting jig 85 is used for lifting The U-clamp is grabbed on the material holder 82 and placed on the transport mechanism 86. The third retractor jig 85 includes a second suction cup 851, and the second suction cup 851 is provided with a second suction nozzle 852.
输送机构86设置在底板1上,用于将U盘输出,输送机构86包括输送带861以及位于输送带861侧边的挡板862。The conveying mechanism 86 is disposed on the bottom plate 1 for outputting the U disk, and the conveying mechanism 86 includes a conveying belt 861 and a baffle 862 located on the side of the conveying belt 861.
纠正治具87设置在输送机构86上,其与第三取料治具85相互配合使用,具体地,纠正治具87为设置在挡板862上的纠正块。The correcting jig 87 is disposed on the conveying mechanism 86, which is used in cooperation with the third retracting jig 85. Specifically, the correcting jig 87 is a correction block provided on the baffle 862.
真空压力表87设置在第二支架81上,其与第二吸嘴852的气路连通,真空压力表87检测第三取料治具85是否吸住了U盘,如果未吸住,第三取料气缸843将不会进行下一个动作。The vacuum pressure gauge 87 is disposed on the second bracket 81, which communicates with the air passage of the second suction nozzle 852, and the vacuum pressure gauge 87 detects whether the third retracting jig 85 sucks the U disk, if not sucked, the third The take-up cylinder 843 will not perform the next action.
工作时,拉料气缸832将第三取料治具85推到U盘放料治具82的正上方,第三取料气缸843会带动第三取料治具85下降到U盘放料治具82内取U盘,再上升。取料时,顶料气缸824将通过U盘放料治具82顶U盘,使第三取料治具85取料更容易;拉料气缸832将第三取料治具85拉到输送带861的上方。如图23所示,拉料的过程中,纠正治具87将纠正U盘状态;第三取料气缸843将带动第三取料治具85下降到合适高度,把U盘放在输送带861上,输送带861件给带动U盘到下一工序。During operation, the pulling cylinder 832 pushes the third retracting jig 85 directly above the U disk discharging jig 82, and the third reclaiming cylinder 843 drives the third reclaiming jig 85 to drop to the U disk. Take the U disk in 82 and rise again. When reclaiming, the top material cylinder 824 will pass the U disk discharge jig 82 top U disk, so that the third reclaim jig 85 is easier to take the material; the drawing cylinder 832 pulls the third reclaim jig 85 to the conveyor belt. Above the 861. As shown in FIG. 23, in the process of pulling the material, the correction jig 87 will correct the state of the U disk; the third reclaiming cylinder 843 will drive the third retracting jig 85 down to a suitable height, and place the U disk on the conveyor belt 861. On the top, the conveyor belt 861 pieces drive the U disk to the next process.
综上,本发明采用沿工序方向依次设置在底板1上并且与工序流转装置2相互衔接的下盖自动给料装置3、芯片自动给料装置4、上盖自动给料装置5、压合装置6、钢夹自动给料装置7以及输出装置8,实现U盘成品的自动化组装生产,提高了生产效率。In summary, the present invention employs a lower cover automatic feeding device 3, a chip automatic feeding device 4, an upper cover automatic feeding device 5, and a pressing device which are sequentially disposed on the bottom plate 1 in the process direction and are engaged with the process flow device 2, respectively. 6. The steel clip automatic feeding device 7 and the output device 8 realize the automated assembly and production of the U disk finished product and improve the production efficiency.
以上所述是本发明的具体实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也视为本发明的保护范围。The above is a specific embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that those skilled in the art can also make several improvements and retouchings without departing from the principles of the present invention. These improvements and retouchings are also considered. It is the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种U盘生产设备,包括底板,其特征在于,还包括设置在底板上的工序流转装置、以及沿工序方向依次设置在底板上并且与工序流转装置相互衔接的下盖自动给料装置、芯片自动给料装置、上盖自动给料装置、压合装置、钢夹自动给料装置以及输出装置,其中,所述下盖自动给料装置用于将下盖放置在工序流转装置上;所述芯片自动给料装置用于将芯片放置在位于工序流转装置上的下盖上;所述上盖自动给料装置用于将上盖放置在下盖上;所述压合装置用于将下盖、芯片、上盖压合,形成U盘本体;所述钢夹自动给料装置用于将钢夹输送至工序流转装置,并将U盘本体嵌入钢夹内;所述输出装置用于将U盘输出。 A U disk production apparatus, comprising a bottom plate, further comprising: a process flow device disposed on the bottom plate; and a lower cover automatic feeding device and a chip disposed on the bottom plate in sequence along the process direction and interfacing with the process flow conversion device Automatic feeding device, upper cover automatic feeding device, pressing device, steel clamp automatic feeding device and output device, wherein the lower cover automatic feeding device is used for placing the lower cover on the process flow device; a chip automatic feeding device for placing a chip on a lower cover on the process flow device; the upper cover automatic feeding device for placing the upper cover on the lower cover; the pressing device for lowering the cover, The chip and the upper cover are pressed together to form a U disk body; the steel clip automatic feeding device is used for conveying the steel clip to the process flow device, and the U disk body is embedded in the steel clip; the output device is used for the U disk Output.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的U盘生产设备,其特征在于,所述芯片自动给料装置包括分别安装在底板上的直振座和机架,在直振座上设有一料道,在机架上设有一水平延伸的第一支架;The U disk production apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said chip automatic feeding device comprises a direct vibration seat and a frame respectively mounted on the bottom plate, and a material path is provided on the direct vibration seat in the frame Providing a horizontally extending first bracket;
    所述第一支架上安装一升料气缸,在第一支架上还设有一与料道相互衔接的升料治具,所述升料治具与升料气缸的伸缩端联接;a lifting cylinder is mounted on the first bracket, and a lifting fixture connected to the material channel is further disposed on the first bracket, and the lifting fixture is coupled to the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder;
    所述机架上设有一水平运动组件,所述水平运动组件的运动端设有一升降运动组件,所述升降运动组件的升降端设有一与所述升料治具位置相互对应的第一取料治具,所述第一取料治具用于从升料治具上提取芯片;The rack is provided with a horizontal moving component, and the moving end of the horizontal moving component is provided with a lifting and moving component, and the lifting end of the lifting and moving component is provided with a first reclaiming corresponding to the position of the lifting fixture a fixture for extracting a chip from a lifting fixture;
    所述升料治具包括安装在升料气缸的伸缩端的推动块、固定安装在第一支架上并且与推动块在垂直方向相互平行设置的治具板,所述治具板的顶端设有一根或者两根向推动块方向水平延伸的扣簧,所述扣簧上设有压板;所述升料气缸的伸缩端处于收缩时,所述推动块位于压板的下方,所述压板处于水平状态,并且压板与推动块的顶端之间留有一容置空间。The lift fixture includes a push block mounted on the telescopic end of the lift cylinder, a fixture plate fixedly mounted on the first bracket and disposed parallel to the push block in a vertical direction, and a top end of the fixture plate is provided with a fixture Or two springs extending horizontally in the direction of the pushing block, the buckle spring is provided with a pressure plate; when the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder is in a contraction, the pushing block is located below the pressure plate, and the pressure plate is in a horizontal state, And there is an accommodation space between the pressure plate and the top end of the push block.
  3. 如权利要求2所述的U盘生产设备,其特征在于,所述治具板上位于容置空间附近设有用于检测芯片的检测光纤。The U disk production apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the jig plate is provided with a detecting fiber for detecting the chip in the vicinity of the accommodating space.
  4. 如权利要求1所述的U盘生产设备,其特征在于,所述钢夹自动给料装置包括设置在底板上的推料机构、用于装载钢夹的载料机构、用于将钢夹从载料机构输送至推料机构上的取料机构,所述推料机构包括固定安装在底板上的基座、滑动设置在基座顶端的推料槽、固定设置在基座上用于推动推料槽滑动的第一推料气缸;所述推料槽的一端滑设有一根推动杆,所述推料槽的侧壁上固定设有用于驱动推动杆做往复滑动的第二推料气缸;所述推料槽的另一端的侧壁上设有一通道,所述推料槽的侧壁上固定安装一扩张气缸,所述扩张气缸的伸缩端固定安装一扩张治具,所述扩张治具在扩张气缸的驱动下可穿过所述通道后位于所述推料槽内。A U disk producing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said steel clip automatic feeding device comprises a pushing mechanism provided on the bottom plate, a loading mechanism for loading the steel clip, and the steel clip is used The loading mechanism is conveyed to a reclaiming mechanism on the pushing mechanism, the pushing mechanism includes a base fixedly mounted on the bottom plate, a pushing groove disposed at a top end of the base, and fixedly disposed on the base for pushing a first push cylinder for sliding the chute; a push rod is slidably disposed at one end of the push groove, and a second push cylinder for driving the push rod to reciprocate is fixed on a side wall of the push groove; An air passage is disposed on a side wall of the other end of the pusher groove, and an expansion cylinder is fixedly mounted on a sidewall of the pusher groove, and a telescopic end of the expansion cylinder is fixedly mounted with an expansion fixture. The channel can be passed through the channel after being driven by the expansion cylinder.
  5. 如权利要求4所述的钢夹自动给料装置,其特征在于,所述扩张治具为一块体,所述块体朝向推动杆端的端部为一圆滑曲面,形成横截面形状呈“U”形块体。The steel clip automatic feeding device according to claim 4, wherein the expansion jig is a single body, and the end of the block facing the end of the push rod is a rounded curved surface, and the cross-sectional shape is "U". Shaped block.
  6. 如权利要求4所述的钢夹自动给料装置,其特征在于,所述推动杆的推动端设有一优力胶部件,所述优力胶部件上设有一卡槽。The steel clip automatic feeding device according to claim 4, wherein the pushing end of the pushing rod is provided with a superior rubber component, and the superior rubber component is provided with a card slot.
  7. 如权利要求4所述的钢夹自动给料装置,其特征在于,所述扩张气缸通过一固定板安装在推料槽的侧壁上。A steel clip automatic feeding device according to claim 4, wherein said expansion cylinder is mounted on a side wall of the pusher groove through a fixing plate.
  8. 如权利要求1所述的U盘生产设备,其特征在于,所述输出装置包括设置在底板上的第二支架,还包括:The U disk production apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the output device comprises a second bracket disposed on the bottom plate, and further comprising:
    放料治具,其设置在底板上,用于放置U盘;a discharging fixture disposed on the bottom plate for placing the U disk;
    水平运动机构,其设置在第二支架上;a horizontal movement mechanism disposed on the second bracket;
    升降机构,其设置在水平运动机构上,升降机构在水平运动机构的带动下可在水平方向做往复移动;a lifting mechanism, which is arranged on the horizontal movement mechanism, and the lifting mechanism can reciprocate in the horizontal direction under the driving of the horizontal movement mechanism;
    第三取料治具,其设置在升降机构上,第三取料治具在升降机构的驱动下可在竖直方向做升降运动;a third retracting jig, which is arranged on the lifting mechanism, and the third retrieving jig can be lifted and moved in the vertical direction under the driving of the lifting mechanism;
    输送机构,其设置在底板上,用于将U盘输出,所述第三取料治具用于从放料治具上抓取U盘并将U盘放置在输送机构上。A conveying mechanism is disposed on the bottom plate for outputting the U disk, and the third retracting jig is configured to grab the U disk from the discharging jig and place the U disk on the conveying mechanism.
  9. 如权利要求8所述的U盘生产设备,其特征在于,所述输送机构上设有一与第三取料治具相互配合的纠正治具。The U disk production apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the conveying mechanism is provided with a correction jig that cooperates with the third retracting jig.
  10. 如权利要求8所述的U盘生产设备,其特征在于,所述输送机构包括输送带以及位于输送带侧边的挡板,所述纠正治具为设置在挡板上的纠正块。A U disk producing apparatus according to claim 8, wherein said conveying mechanism comprises a conveying belt and a baffle on a side of the conveying belt, and said correcting jig is a correction block provided on the baffle.
PCT/CN2015/096586 2014-12-08 2015-12-07 Equipment for producing usb flash drives WO2016091142A1 (en)

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