CN203035779U - Full-automatic bearing assembly machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic bearing assembly machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203035779U
CN203035779U CN 201220719809 CN201220719809U CN203035779U CN 203035779 U CN203035779 U CN 203035779U CN 201220719809 CN201220719809 CN 201220719809 CN 201220719809 U CN201220719809 U CN 201220719809U CN 203035779 U CN203035779 U CN 203035779U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
retainer
cylinder
roller
pressing
plate
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220719809
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李道银
俞竞
王劝劝
Original Assignee
宁波江宸自动化装备有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 宁波江宸自动化装备有限公司 filed Critical 宁波江宸自动化装备有限公司
Priority to CN 201220719809 priority Critical patent/CN203035779U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203035779U publication Critical patent/CN203035779U/en

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Abstract

A full-automatic bearing assembly machine comprises a base, a worktable, an assembly station and a press fit station, wherein the assembly station and the press fit station are arranged on the worktable. An inner ring feeding mechanism is arranged in the front of the assembly station, a roller assembly mechanism is arranged in the rear of the assembly station, a roller feeding mechanism is arranged in the rear of the roller assembly mechanism, a retainer feeding mechanism is arranged on one side of the assembly station, a bearing inner ring, a retainer and a tapered roller can be assembled together on the assembly station to form a bearing inner component, a component transfer mechanism capable of conveying the bearing inner component to the press fit station from the assembly station is arranged between the other side of the assembly station and the inner side of the press fit station, a press fit mechanism is arranged on the press fit station, a discharge channel is arranged on the outer side of the press fit station, and a pushing mechanism is arranged on the discharge channel. By the aid of the structure, the retainer, the tapered roller and the bearing inner ring can be automatically assembled, the bearing inner component is transferred to the press fit station for press fit by the component transfer mechanism, assembly efficiency and assembly quality are greatly improved, and potential safety hazards areeliminated.

Description

A kind of bearing full automatic assembly machine
(1) technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of bearing full automatic assembly machine.
(2) background technique
Tapered roller bearing has conical inner ring and outer ring raceway, tapered roller is arranged between the two, the projection line of all conical surfaces is all met in the same point of bearing axis, and this design makes tapered roller bearing be particularly suitable for bearing compound (axially with radially) load.Tapered roller bearing is divergence type normally, and namely the bearing inner assembly of being made up of the inner ring of band tapered roller and retainer can be installed separately with bearing outer ring.Therefore, the assembling of tapered roller bearing is exactly in fact the assembling of bearing inner assembly, earlier tapered roller is put into the pocket hole of retainer, bearing inner race being put into retainer central authorities, by press machine bearing inner race is carried out pressing then and namely finishes assembling.In the prior art, this process mainly still relies on hand assembled to finish, and efficiency of assembling is low, and automaticity is low, is difficult to satisfy the needs of mass production, and assembly quality can't guarantee that press machine adopts artificial feeding to cause production accident easily simultaneously.
(3) summary of the invention
Have above-mentioned deficiency in the prior art in order to overcome, the utility model provide a kind of simple in structure, use safety, manufacturing efficiency height, labor intensity is low and bearing inner assembly is realized the bearing full automatic assembly machine of automation assembling.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is: a kind of bearing full automatic assembly machine, comprise support, this support is provided with worktable, this worktable is provided with assembling station and pressing station, the place ahead of described assembling station is provided with the inner ring feeding mechanism that bearing inner race can be transported to described assembling station, the rear of described assembling station is provided with the set of rollers mounting mechanism that a plurality of tapered rollers can be arranged in the tapered roller group and deliver to described assembling station, the rear of this set of rollers mounting mechanism is provided with tapered roller is delivered to roller feed mechanism on the described set of rollers mounting mechanism, one side of described assembling station is provided with the retainer feeding mechanism that retainer can be transported to described assembling station, can be with bearing inner race at described assembling station, retainer and tapered roller fit together the formation bearing inner assembly, be provided with the assembly transfer mechanism that bearing inner assembly can be delivered to described pressing station from described assembling station between the inboard of the opposite side of described assembling station and described pressing station, described pressing station is provided with can be with described bearing inner assembly pressing all-in-one-piece laminating mechanism, the outside of described pressing station is provided with tapping channel, and this tapping channel is provided with pusher.
Further, described inner ring feeding mechanism comprises the inner ring line belt of being located on the described worktable, this inner ring line belt also can hold single bearing inner race by inner ring line belt motor driving to be passed through, the end of this inner ring line belt is provided with the inner ring transfer track, be slidingly equipped with the inner ring movable stand on this inner ring transfer track, and this inner ring movable stand is connected with the output terminal that inner ring on being fixed on described worktable moves cylinder, vertically be provided with the inner ring guide pillar on this inner ring movable stand, be slidingly equipped with the inner ring lift cylinder on this inner ring guide pillar, the output terminal of this inner ring lift cylinder links to each other with described inner ring movable stand, on this inner ring lift cylinder interior coil support is arranged fixedly, fixedly there is inner ring material grasping cylinder the end of coil support in being somebody's turn to do, and the output terminal of this inner ring material grasping cylinder is provided with the inner ring claw.Inner ring moves cylinder can select no rodless cylinder for use, and the inner ring lift cylinder can be selected piston type cylinder for use, and the piston rod of this piston type cylinder also links to each other with the inner ring movable stand, and is not only simple in structure, but also can save the space.
Further, the both sides of described inner ring line belt are provided with the inner ring baffle plate, this inner ring baffle plate is fixed on the described worktable by hornblock, the top of the end of described inner ring driving belt is provided with the inner ring positive stop, and the end of described inner ring line belt is provided with for detection of the inner ring detecting switch whether bearing inner race is arranged.When bearing inner race on the inner ring line belt and when being fed forward, the inner ring baffle plate can prevent that bearing inner race from dropping from the inner ring line belt, when bearing inner race is delivered to inner ring line belt terminal, the inner ring positive stop can stop bearing inner race, thereby prevents that bearing inner race from shifting out the inner ring line belt under the inner ring line belt drives.Whether the inner ring detecting switch has bearing inner race for detection of the end of inner ring line belt, if detected bearing inner race, will make inner ring move cylinder, inner ring lift cylinder and inner ring material grasping cylinder and do relevant action.
Further, described set of rollers mounting mechanism comprise the assembling device be located on the described worktable, at the roller blanking apparatus of the back upper place of this assembling device and the transfer device that can between described assembling device and roller blanking apparatus, transfer;
Described assembling device comprises the retainer positioning module of being located on the described worktable and can upper and lower movement, this retainer positioning module is driven by the positioning module driving mechanism, be provided with in the middle part of this retainer positioning module one can upper and lower movement center die, this center die is driven by the center die driving mechanism;
Described roller blanking apparatus comprises the fixing frame of being located on the described worktable, this fixing frame is provided with fixed base, this fixed base is provided with material guiding plate, the middle part of this material guiding plate is equipped with central shaft, this material guiding plate is provided with several material guide holes corresponding with the quantity of roller and distributing position on the bearing, the top of this material guiding plate is provided with the following charging tray that is sleeved on the central shaft, this time charging tray is driven and can be rotated relative to described central shaft by the blanking driving mechanism, this time charging tray is provided with the intake port that links to each other with supply pipe, this intake port be positioned at one of them described material guide hole directly over, the below of described material guiding plate is provided with the last rolling disc that is sleeved on the described central shaft, should go up rolling disc and be driven and can be rotated relative to described central shaft by last rotating drive mechanism, rolling disc is provided with and described material guide hole relative last storage hole one by one on this;
Described transfer device comprises and being slidingly installed on the described worktable and by transferring the transferring desk that driving mechanism drives, this transferring desk is provided with roller and takes off the material mould, the top that this roller takes off the material mould is provided with by following rotating drive mechanism and drives and can take off the following rolling disc that the material mould rotates relative to described roller, this time rolling disc is provided with and the described storage hole relative following storage hole one by one of going up, the top that described roller takes off the material mould is provided with and described down storage hole corresponding, and centroclinal slideway one by one, and the middle part that described roller takes off the bottom of expecting mould is provided with the groove that communicates with described slideway.
Further, described positioning module driving mechanism is the positioning module cylinder, mould cylinder centered by the described center die driving mechanism, the below of described worktable is provided with mounting bracket, the cylinder barrel of described positioning module cylinder is fixed on the described mounting bracket, the cylinder barrel of the output terminal of described positioning module cylinder and described center die cylinder fixes, and the output terminal of described center die cylinder and described center die fix, and described retainer positioning module fixes by the cylinder barrel of retainer location die sleeve and described center die cylinder; In use, the action of positioning module cylinder drives the upper and lower movement of center die cylinder, thereby drives retainer positioning module and the upper and lower movement of center die, the action of center die cylinder, thus drive the upper and lower movement of center die;
Described upward rotating drive mechanism is last rotation cylinder, be equipped with a chute on the described fixed base, level is slidingly equipped with a connecting rod in this chute, described going up on the rolling disc is extended with upper pendulum bar, the end of this upper pendulum bar and the lower end of described connecting rod are hinged, and the described upward output terminal of rotation cylinder and the upper end of described connecting rod are hinged; In use, last rotation cylinder action, it is mobile in chute to promote connecting rod, thus connecting rod drives the upper pendulum bar swing, goes up turn disc thereby upper pendulum bar drives;
Described down rotating drive mechanism is rotation cylinder down, describedly is extended with lower pendulum bar on the rolling disc down, the end of this lower pendulum bar with described under the output terminal of rotation cylinder be hinged; In use, following rotation cylinder action promotes the lower pendulum bar swing, thereby lower pendulum bar drives turn disc down;
The both sides of described assembling mechanism are provided with assembly and transfer guide rail, described transferring desk is transferred slide by assembly and is slidingly installed on the described assembly handover guide rail, described handover driving mechanism is for transferring Rodless cylinder, and this output terminal of transferring Rodless cylinder is transferred slide with described assembly and linked to each other, and is simple in structure;
Described charging tray overcoat down is equipped with stirs ratchet, described blanking driving mechanism comprises blanking motor, coupling, pull bar, pull rod shaft and ratchet, the output terminal of described blanking motor links to each other with described coupling, one end of described pull bar and described coupling are eccentric to flexibly connect, the other end of described pull bar and described pull rod shaft are hinged, described pull rod shaft level is slidedly arranged on the described fixed base, and described pull rod shaft is provided with described ratchet, described ratchet and described ratchet one way engagement of stirring on the ratchet circumference; Described charging tray down also is provided with positioning ratchet wheel outward, be provided with a positioning seat near being positioned at described positioning ratchet wheel on the described fixed base, be provided with a location push rod by spring on this positioning seat, the front end of this positioning mandril is provided with positioning roller, the ratchet engagement location on this positioning roller and the described positioning ratchet wheel circumference; Half-turn before the blanking motor rotates, coupling drives the reach of pull bar pulling pull rod shaft, the ratchet counter-rotating, the ratchet of stirring that ratchet promotes to be engaged with reverses, thereby drive charging tray rotating certain angle down, next material guide hole conducting on intake port on the following charging tray and the material guiding plate, tapered roller enters intake port by supply pipe and falls in the material guide hole then, the blanking motor turns to the back half-turn, coupling drives pull bar pulling pull rod shaft and retreats, ratchet is just going back to the position, and ratchet and the next ratchet engagement of stirring on the ratchet are in the ratchet return process, because the positioning roller of positioning ratchet wheel and positioning mandril front end engagement, thereby positioning ratchet wheel is positioned, and positioning ratchet wheel, stir between ratchet and the following charging tray three affixed, thereby make charging tray accurate positioning down can not produce to rock and be shifted.So repeatedly, all filling up tapered roller in the material guide hole on the material guiding plate gets final product.
Further, described roller feed mechanism comprises the supporting base of being located at described support rear, this supporting base is provided with the cascade feed mechanism of carrying from bottom to top, the output terminal of this cascade feed mechanism is provided with the roller feed passage, the end of this roller feed passage is provided with feeder, thereby this feeder comprises two rollers that are arranged in parallel and driven synchronous rotation by the roller driving mechanism, this two roller is divided into leading portion, stage casing and back segment, the leading portion of this two roller links to each other with described roller feed passage, and the gap between the leading portion of this two roller is less than the diameter of tapered roller small end, the top of the leading portion of this two roller is provided with and can makes the single striking gear that couches and be fed forward of tapered roller, gap between the stage casing of described two rollers greater than the diameter of tapered roller small end less than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, the top in the stage casing of described two rollers be provided with can make the big end of tapered roller at last small end at the top rod that is fed forward one by one down, gap between the back segment of described two rollers is greater than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, the below of the back segment of described two rollers is provided with feed opening, the below of this feed opening is provided with the blanking pipeline, and the end of this blanking pipeline links to each other with the entrance of described set of rollers mounting mechanism.
Further, described cascade feed mechanism comprises the frame of being located on the described supporting base, this frame is provided with hopper, and the multilayer fixed plate of stepped distribution, the upper end of the described fixed plate of basecoat links to each other with described hopper by an acclivitous feed channel, the upper end of the described fixed plate of last layer links to each other with a roller line belt, this roller line belt drives by transmitting drive motor, the end of this roller line belt links to each other with described roller feed passage, be provided with and go up between adjacent two fixed plates, following mobile riser, the upper-end surface of the upper-end surface of this riser described fixed plate of one deck before moving down Shi Keyu is in the same plane, the upper-end surface of the upper-end surface of this riser described fixed plate of one deck after moving Shi Keyu is in the same plane, the upper end of described fixed plate and riser is equipped with the inclined-plane identical with described feed channel angle of inclination, all fixedly connected with a lifting supporting plate in the lower end of the described riser of multilayer, this fixing part that promotes supporting plate is fixedlyed connected with an output terminal that promotes cylinder;
The both sides of described fixed plate are provided with the vertical baffle plate of roller, and the vertical baffle plate of this roller can prevent that tapered roller from falling in the tapered roller lifting process;
The both sides of the top of described feeder are provided with the roller transverse baffle, and this roller transverse baffle along in the feedway handover process, can prevent that tapered roller from falling at tapered roller;
Described roller driving mechanism comprises the roller motor, and the output terminal of this roller motor is provided with the motor drive wheel, and the end of described two rollers is equipped with the roller drive wheel, is connected by belt transmission between this two rollers drive wheel and the described motor drive wheel;
Described striking gear comprises stirs motor, and this is stirred motor output end and is provided with turning lever, is evenly equipped with the multi-disc moving plate on the periphery of the end of this turning lever, and this moving plate is positioned at the top of the leading portion of described two rollers.
Further, described retainer feeding mechanism comprises the pusher track of vertically being located on the described worktable, the top of the head of this pusher track is provided with retainer charge assembly, the below of this retainer charge assembly is provided with the assembly that connects material moving up and down under the air cylinder driven that connects material, and the upper end of this assembly that connects material can be stretched in the described retainer charge assembly and get retainer;
The rear of the head of described pusher track is provided with the propelling movement cylinder, and the output terminal of this propelling movement cylinder is provided with the pushing plate that can vertically move along described pusher track;
The place ahead of the afterbody of described pusher track laterally is provided with a retainer transfer track, be slidingly equipped with the retainer movable stand on this retainer transfer track, and this retainer movable stand is connected with the output terminal that retainer on being fixed on described worktable moves cylinder, vertically be provided with the retainer guide pillar on this retainer movable stand, be slidingly equipped with the retainer lift cylinder on this retainer guide pillar, the output terminal of this retainer lift cylinder links to each other with described retainer movable stand, on this retainer lift cylinder the retainer support is arranged fixedly, fixedly there is retainer material grasping cylinder the end of this retainer support, and the end of this retainer material grasping cylinder is provided with the retainer claw.
Further, described retainer charge assembly comprises the retainer bearing, the retainer index plate that can rotate relative to described retainer bearing is installed on this retainer bearing, this retainer index plate is rotated by the calibration air cylinder driven, this retainer index plate is provided with vertical rod, the upper end of this vertical rod is provided with disk, hanging support has at least two material bars on this disk, the lower end of this material bar is located on the described retainer index plate, described retainer index plate is provided with positioning device, this positioning device comprises at least two locating slots on the periphery that is distributed on described retainer index plate, described retainer bearing is provided with position shelf, this position shelf is provided with positioning work piece, and this positioning work piece its end under the driving of positioning cylinder can be stretched in the described locating slot, is set with the binder cover on the described material bar; In use, the retainer string is on the material bar, the material bar is installed on the retainer index plate, the material bar has two at least, one of them material bar rotates by calibration air cylinder driven retainer index plate and is positioned at the top of getting the material assembly so, its clout bar can be used for getting retainer at feeding process string, save time, and after the retainer index plate rotate in place, positioning work piece its end under the driving of positioning cylinder is stretched in the locating slot, thereby the location after realizing rotateing in place, when after the retainer of material bar lower end is removed, all the other retainers move down retainer in the effect of binder cover gravity;
The below of described worktable is provided with the retainer scaffold, the described cylinder that connects material is fixed on the described retainer scaffold, the described assembly that connects material comprises the master jaw on the output terminal that is arranged on the described cylinder that connects material, has cylindrical cavity in this master jaw, be evenly distributed with at least two radial direction through hole of linking up mutually with cylindrical cavity on the sidewall of this master jaw, be slidingly equipped with the jaw body that connects material in this radial direction through hole, be set with the circumference spring on the periphery of this jaw body that connects material, this jaw body that connects material is stretched out the outer end of radial direction through hole and is provided with trip, the end that this jaw body that connects material is positioned at described cylindrical cavity is provided with the conical surface that shrinks from bottom to top, be provided with in the described cylindrical cavity by ejecting the saddle that air cylinder driven can move up and down along described master jaw, the upper end of this saddle is provided with the taper platform that matches with conical surface; When getting material, master jaw moves under the effect of the cylinder that connects material, when master jaw is positioned at the retainer of retainer index plate, ejecting the air cylinder driven saddle rises, make connect material jaw body radially through hole stretch out the back trip and block retainer in the retainer index plate, at this moment, the tensile buckling of circumference spring, the air cylinder driven that connects material then master jaw moves down, and moves down thereby drive retainer, when retainer is placed on the pusher track, ejecting the air cylinder driven saddle moves down, the jaw body that connects material is inwardly drawn under the effect of circumference spring, unclamps retainer, thereby finishes the process of connecting material;
The outside of the afterbody of described pusher track is provided with sensor, the afterbody on the described pusher track be provided with can described relatively pusher orbit rotation swivel plate, this swivel plate is fixed on driven shaft, this driven shaft links to each other with electric rotating machine; When retainer pushed to swivel plate, sensor detects whether the window of retainer is special position then, if not, the action of sensor control electric rotating machine, electric rotating machine rotates by driven shaft driven rotary plate then, and then drive the retainer rotation, treat that the window of retainer stops behind special position;
The both sides of described pusher track are provided with the retainer guide plate, and this retainer guide plate plays leading role when pushing plate pushes retainer forward, and prevent that retainer from dropping at moving process.
Further, described assembly transfer mechanism comprises first guide rail of laterally being located on the described worktable, laterally be slidingly equipped with the sliding component by first air cylinder driven on this first guide rail, the middle part of this sliding component is equipped with putting hole, one side horizontal expansion of this sliding component has the handover material pushing plate, the outer end end face of this handover material pushing plate is concaved with the pusher groove that laterally is arranged side by side with described putting hole, the rear of described first guide rail is provided with riser, the upper end of this riser is provided with transverse slat, the two ends of this transverse slat are extended with support plate, laterally be provided with second guide rail between this two support plate, laterally be slidingly equipped with the slide unit by second air cylinder driven on this second guide rail, vertically be equipped with the 3rd guide rail on this slide unit, the 3rd guide rail is can be along on the described slide unit under the driving of the 3rd cylinder, following slippage, the below of the 3rd guide rail is equipped with the handover claw that can be opened relatively or draw in by the claw air cylinder driven, and this handover claw can be positioned at described putting hole directly over.First cylinder and second cylinder are no rodless cylinder, the 3rd cylinder is piston type cylinder, the end of the piston rod of this piston type cylinder is provided with connecting plate, the lower end with the 3rd guide rail of this connecting plate links to each other, fixedly there is the claw cylinder below of connecting plate and transfers claw, and the claw cylinder is double-acting cylinder, and is simple and compact for structure.
Further, described sliding component is made up of left fixed plate and right fixed plate and is connected by link, left side fixed plate and right fixed plate can maintain a certain distance when mounted, versatility is better, the below of described sliding component is provided with backing plate, the lower end surface of bearing inner assembly contacts with the upper surface of backing plate, thereby backing plate plays a supportive role to bearing inner assembly, when mobile sliding component, sliding component drives bearing inner assembly along the backing plate slippage, slippage is more smooth and easy, the upper end of described the 3rd guide rail passes described slide unit and is provided with the handover limiting board, when the 3rd guide rail moves down, move down stroke by transferring limiting board restriction handover claw, thereby prevent that the lower end of transferring claw from colliding sliding component when moving down.
Further, described laminating mechanism comprises the pressing counterdie of being located on the described worktable, be penetrated with the pressing groove on this pressing counterdie, be concaved with a plurality of semicircle extruding grooves that are complementary with rolling element on the inwall of this pressing groove, being slidingly equipped with in this pressing groove also can be along on the described pressing groove by the driving of pressing pusher driving mechanism, the pressing material pushing plate of following slippage, the top that described worktable is positioned at described pressing counterdie is provided with by the pressing column and is fixed on pressing mounting plate on the described worktable, the below of this pressing mounting plate is provided with the pressing patrix that is positioned at directly over the described pressing groove, and this pressing patrix is driven and can be gone up by the patrix driving mechanism that is fixed on the described pressing mounting plate, following mobile.
Further, described patrix driving mechanism comprises the pressurized cylinder that is fixed on described pressing mounting plate top, the output terminal of this pressurized cylinder fixedly has upper mould fixed plate after passing described pressing mounting plate, fixedly there is described pressing patrix the below of this upper mould fixed plate, the both sides that are positioned at described pressurized cylinder on the described pressing mounting plate are slidingly equipped with the pressing guide pillar, and the lower end of this pressing guide pillar fixes with described upper mould fixed plate after passing described pressing mounting plate;
Wherein a described pressing guide pillar is provided with displacement transducer, by displacement transducer the pressing patrix is moved down stroke and accurately controls;
Described pressing pusher driving mechanism comprises the pressing pusher cylinder that is positioned at described pressing material pushing plate below, and this pressing pusher cylinder is fixed on the described worktable by pushing cylinder block, and the output terminal of this pressing pusher cylinder links to each other with described pressing material pushing plate;
The both sides of described pressing counterdie offer indent, and fixedly there is the counterdie briquetting in the outside with described indent opposite position on the described worktable, are extended with the projection that can be pressed on the described indent on this counterdie briquetting, and are fixing more firm.
Further, described pusher comprises the discharging cylinder and is positioned at expeller on the output terminal of this discharging cylinder that this expeller can slippage on described tapping channel.
In use of the present utility model, can control the automatic operation of whole assembly line by control system, at first to the retainer feeding mechanism, inner ring feeding mechanism and roller feed mechanism carry out material loading, earlier by the retainer feeding mechanism retainer is delivered to the assembling station, by roller feed mechanism tapered roller is delivered on the set of rollers mounting mechanism then, and by the set of rollers mounting mechanism a plurality of tapered rollers are arranged in the tapered roller group, the set of rollers mounting mechanism is delivered to the assembling station with the tapered roller group then, and the tapered roller group is put into the pocket hole of retainer, by the inner ring feeding mechanism bearing inner race is put into the central authorities of the retainer that installs tapered roller then, thereby with bearing inner race, retainer and tapered roller fit together the formation bearing inner assembly, by the assembly transfer mechanism bearing inner assembly is transferred to the pressing station from the assembling station then, cross laminating mechanism then with bearing inner race, retainer and tapered roller are pressed into one, by the assembly transfer mechanism bearing inner assembly that pressing is good is transferred on the tapping channel then, and need the bearing inner assembly of pressing to be transferred to the pressing station back one simultaneously, by pusher the bearing inner assembly release that pressing is good is got final product at last, thereby the automation that realizes roller bearing is assembled.
The working principle of inner ring feeding mechanism of the present utility model: can put a plurality of bearing inner races at the inner ring line belt, also a material loading device can be set in the ingress of inner ring line belt, by material loading device bearing inner race is fallen on the inner ring line belt, deliver to the end of inner ring line belt then successively by the transmission of inner ring line belt, and by the inner ring positive stop bearing inner race is stopped, when the inner ring detecting switch detects inner ring line belt end bearing inner race is arranged, inner ring moves the cylinder action makes the inner ring movable stand slide onto the end of inner ring line belt along the inner ring transfer track, this moment the inner ring claw be positioned at bearing inner race directly over, in thereby inner ring lift cylinder action drives then coil support and on inner ring material grasping cylinder and inner ring claw move down, after the inner ring claw touches bearing inner race, thereby the action of inner ring material grasping cylinder makes the inner ring claw firmly grasp bearing inner race, coil support in thereby the action of inner ring lift cylinder drives then, inner ring material grasping cylinder, move on inner ring claw and the bearing inner race, then inner ring move cylinder action make the inner ring movable stand along inner ring transfer track reverse shuffle to assembling station, in thereby inner ring lift cylinder action drives then coil support and on inner ring material grasping cylinder, inner ring claw and bearing inner race move down, after bearing inner race is put into the assembling station, inner ring material grasping cylinder unclamps the inner ring claw, last inner ring lift cylinder makes interior coil support, and on inner ring material grasping cylinder and the inner ring claw on move, thereby enter next circulation.
The working principle of set of rollers mounting mechanism of the present utility model: the supply pipe on the following charging tray links to each other with roller feed mechanism, last storage hole on the last rolling disc staggers mutually with the material guide hole on the material guiding plate, following charging tray is when material guiding plate rotates, intake port on the following charging tray can with material guiding plate on material guide hole conducting successively, thereby make tapered roller enter down in the intake port of charging tray from supply pipe, enter then in the material guide hole of material guiding plate, fill up the material guide hole of material guiding plate until tapered roller, transfer device slides onto the below of roller blanking apparatus then, namely descend rolling disc to contact with last rolling disc, and down the last storage hole of the following storage hole of rolling disc and last rolling disc staggers mutually, the following storage hole of same rolling disc at present also takes off the slideway of expecting mould with roller and also staggers mutually, go up turn disc then, last storage hole on the last rolling disc is relative with following storage hole on the following rolling disc, tapered roller in the material guide hole of material guiding plate falls into down in the storage hole by last storage hole one by one entirely, go up the rolling disc revolution then, can carry out next round and in the material guide hole of material guiding plate, put into the tapered roller action, retainer is placed on the retainer positioning module by the retainer feeding mechanism simultaneously, the center die superior displacement is in retainer, feeder slides onto the top of assembling device then, be roller take off the material mould be positioned at the retainer positioning module directly over, move on retainer and the center die in the groove that roller takes off the material mould thereby move on the retainer positioning module then to drive, descend turn disc then, the slideway that following storage hole and the roller of following rolling disc takes off the material mould is relative, descending tapered roller in the storage hole to take off slideway on the material mould by roller one by one then falls in the pocket hole on the retainer, the retainer positioning module moves down then, thereby drive retainer, tapered roller and center die move down, following rolling disc revolution, transfer device slides onto the below of roller blanking apparatus, bearing inner race is by on the inner ring feeding mechanism centre mould then, center die moves down, driving bearing inner race drops in the retainer, thereby with retainer, thereby tapered roller and bearing inner race fit together and form bearing inner assembly, by the assembly transfer mechanism bearing inner assembly are shifted out then and can carry out the next round assembling.
The working principle of roller feed of the present utility model mechanism: the blanking pipeline links to each other by the supply pipe of bourdon tube with the set of rollers mounting mechanism, splendid attire tapered roller in the hopper, when carrying tapered roller from bottom to top, riser is that the upper-end surface of riser is all in the same plane with the upper-end surface of preceding one deck fixed plate at low level, tapered roller in the hopper is rolled on the fixed plate of basecoat from feed channel, tapered roller is rolled on the corresponding riser from the fixed plate of basecoat then, it is that the upper-end surface of riser is all in the same plane with the upper-end surface of back one deck fixed plate that riser is moved upward to a high position, this moment, tapered roller was rolled on one deck fixed plate of back from riser, thereby make tapered roller the past one deck fixed plate be promoted on one deck fixed plate of back, riser is moved downward to low level then, circulation and so forth, as long as riser is done, following motion just can promote tapered roller step by step, on the fixed plate that is promoted to last layer, be about to tapered roller and rise to corresponding height, fall into then on the roller line belt and by the roller line belt and deliver on the roller feed passage, be delivered on the roller of feeder by the roller feed passage then, thereby the rotation drive tapered roller by roller is fed forward, when being transported to the leading portion of roller, under the stirring of striking gear, tapered roller is the state of couching and single being fed forward, when being delivered to the stage casing of roller, since the gap between two rollers greater than the diameter of tapered roller small end less than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, thereby make tapered roller be big end last small end under standing state, under the effect of top rod, the tapered roller of the state of couching can be become standing state and single being fed forward, when being delivered to the back segment of roller, tapered roller is fallen in the feed opening, is delivered on the set of rollers mounting mechanism by the blanking pipeline then.
The working principle of retainer feeding mechanism of the present utility model: the retainer string is being expected on the bar, to expect that then bar is placed on the retainer index plate of retainer charge assembly, the air cylinder driven that connects material then connects material to move on the assembly to stretch into and grasps retainer in the retainer index plate, assembly moves down and drives retainer and move down thereby the air cylinder driven that connects material then bar connects material, under the stopping of pusher track, retainer is placed on the pusher track, push the air cylinder driven pushing plate then, pushing plate is pushed into afterbody with retainer from the head of pusher track, retainer moves cylinder action and makes the retainer movable stand slide onto the afterbody of pusher track along the retainer transfer track then, this moment the retainer claw be positioned at retainer directly over, thereby then retainer lift cylinder action drive the retainer support and on retainer material grasping cylinder and retainer claw move down, after the retainer claw touches retainer, thereby the action of retainer material grasping cylinder makes the retainer claw firmly grasp retainer, thereby the action of retainer lift cylinder drives the retainer support then, retainer material grasping cylinder, move on retainer claw and the retainer, then retainer move cylinder action make the retainer movable stand along retainer transfer track reverse shuffle to assembling station, thereby then retainer lift cylinder action drive the retainer support and on retainer material grasping cylinder, retainer claw and retainer move down, after retainer is put into the assembling station, retainer material grasping cylinder unclamps the retainer claw, last retainer lift cylinder makes the retainer support, and on retainer material grasping cylinder and the retainer claw on move, thereby enter next circulation.
The working principle of assembly transfer mechanism of the present utility model: work as retainer, when tapered roller and bearing inner race are assembled into bearing inner assembly at the assembling station, sliding component is positioned at the high order end of first guide rail, pusher groove on the handover material pushing plate is positioned at the left side of pressing station, then the second air cylinder driven slide unit along second guide rail move to left until transfer claw be positioned at bearing inner assembly directly over, transferring claw opens, thereby the 3rd air cylinder driven the 3rd guide rail moves down along slide unit and drive to transfer claw and move down then, when the handover claw is enclosed in the outside of bearing inner assembly, thereby driving, the claw cylinder transfers promptly bearing inner assembly of claw gathering, thereby then the 3rd air cylinder driven the 3rd guide rail along move on the slide unit drive to transfer claw and on bearing inner assembly on move, then the second air cylinder driven slide unit along second guide rail move to right until transfer claw and bearing inner assembly be positioned at sliding component putting hole directly over, thereby the 3rd air cylinder driven the 3rd guide rail moves down along slide unit and drive to transfer claw and bearing inner assembly and move down until bearing inner assembly and put into putting hole then, thereby claw cylinder drive handover claw opens and puts down bearing inner assembly, thereby the 3rd air cylinder driven the 3rd guide rail moves along moving on the slide unit to drive to transfer on the claw then, the first air cylinder driven sliding component and bearing inner assembly are relative with the pressing station until the putting hole of sliding component along the slippage to the right of first guide rail then, the pressing material pushing plate of laminating mechanism takes off bearing inner assembly from the below of putting hole then, the first air cylinder driven sliding component is along the slippage left of first guide rail then, thus the handover of preparing next bearing inner assembly.And transfer before the bearing inner assembly to the right, ejected and be positioned at the right side of the pusher groove of transferring material pushing plate by the pressing material pushing plate of laminating mechanism at the good bearing inner assembly of pressing station pressing, when when moving right bearing inner assembly, transfer material pushing plate and also move right, thereby move right to tapping channel by the bearing inner assembly that it is good that the pusher groove promotes pressing.
The working principle of laminating mechanism of the present utility model: at first pressing pusher cylinder promote that the pressing material pushing plate rises and with the upper surface flush of pressing groove, bearing inner assembly is transferred on the pressing material pushing plate by the assembly transfer mechanism, pressing pusher cylinder moves down, the pressing material pushing plate also moves down thereupon, thereby driving bearing inner assembly also moves down, when tapered roller is positioned at the extruding groove of pressing groove of pressing counterdie, assembly transfer mechanism return, pressurized cylinder driving pressing patrix moves down and downward last item holds inner ring, thereby tapered roller is pressed in the inner ring raceway of bearing inner race under the effect of extruding groove, thereby make tapered roller, retainer and bearing inner race are pressed into one, the pressing patrix moves under the effect of pressurized cylinder then, the pressing material pushing plate moves under the effect of pressing pusher cylinder, move thereby make on the good bearing inner assembly of pressing, push on the tapping channel by assembly mobile mechanism then, can carry out the pressing of a next bearing inner assembly.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: adopt said structure, can finish dress retainer, dress tapered roller and dress bearing inner race automatically, and by the assembly transfer mechanism bearing inner assembly is transferred to the pressing station and carries out pressing, improve efficiency of assembling and assembly quality greatly, eliminated potential safety hazard.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is plan view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of inner ring feeding mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged diagram at A place among Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of set of rollers mounting mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of set of rollers mounting mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of roller feed of the present utility model mechanism.
Fig. 8 is the explosive view of the cascade feed mechanism of roller feed of the present utility model mechanism.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the feeder of roller feed of the present utility model mechanism.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of retainer feeding mechanism of the present utility model.
Figure 11 is the sectional view of retainer feeding mechanism of the present utility model.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of assembly transfer mechanism of the present utility model.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of laminating mechanism of the present utility model.
Figure 14 is the plan view of laminating mechanism of the present utility model.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the pressing counterdie of laminating mechanism of the present utility model.
(5) embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, a kind of bearing full automatic assembly machine, comprise support 1, this support 1 is provided with worktable 2, this worktable 2 is provided with assembling station 3 and pressing station 4, the place ahead of described assembling station 3 is provided with the inner ring feeding mechanism 5 that bearing inner race can be transported to described assembling station 3, the rear of described assembling station 3 is provided with the set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 that a plurality of tapered rollers can be arranged in the tapered roller group and deliver to described assembling station 3, the rear of this set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 is provided with tapered roller is delivered to roller feed mechanism on the described set of rollers mounting mechanism 6, one side of described assembling station 3 is provided with the retainer feeding mechanism 7 that retainer can be transported to described assembling station 3, can be with bearing inner race at described assembling station 3, retainer and tapered roller fit together the formation bearing inner assembly, be provided with the assembly transfer mechanism 8 that bearing inner assembly can be delivered to described pressing station 4 from described assembling station 3 between the inboard of the opposite side of described assembling station 3 and described pressing station 4, described pressing station 4 is provided with can be with described bearing inner assembly pressing all-in-one-piece laminating mechanism 9, the outside of described pressing station 4 is provided with tapping channel 10, and this tapping channel 10 is provided with pusher.
Described pusher comprises discharging cylinder 11 and is positioned at expeller 12 on the output terminal of this discharging cylinder 11 that this expeller 12 can slippage on described tapping channel 10.
In use of the present utility model, can control the automatic operation of whole assembly line by control system, at first to retainer feeding mechanism 7, inner ring feeding mechanism 5 and roller feed mechanism carry out material loading, by retainer feeding mechanism 7 retainer is delivered to assembling station 3 earlier, by roller feed mechanism tapered roller is delivered on the set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 then, and by set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 a plurality of tapered rollers are arranged in the tapered roller group, set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 is delivered to assembling station 3 with the tapered roller group then, and the tapered roller group is put into the pocket hole of retainer, by inner ring feeding mechanism 5 bearing inner race is put into the central authorities of the retainer that installs tapered roller then, thereby with bearing inner race, retainer and tapered roller fit together the formation bearing inner assembly, by assembly transfer mechanism 8 bearing inner assembly is transferred to pressing station 4 from assembling station 3 then, cross laminating mechanism 9 then with bearing inner race, retainer and tapered roller are pressed into one, by assembly transfer mechanism 8 bearing inner assembly that pressing is good is transferred on the tapping channel 10 then, and need the bearing inner assembly of pressing to be transferred to pressing station 4 back one simultaneously, by pusher the bearing inner assembly release that pressing is good is got final product at last, thereby the automation that realizes roller bearing is assembled.
With reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, described inner ring feeding mechanism 5 comprises the inner ring line belt of being located on the described worktable 2 501, this inner ring line belt 501 is driven and can be held single bearing inner race by inner ring line belt motor 502 and passes through, the end of this inner ring line belt 501 is provided with inner ring transfer track 503, be slidingly equipped with inner ring movable stand 504 on this inner ring transfer track 503, and this inner ring movable stand 504 is connected with the output terminal that inner ring on being fixed on described worktable 2 moves cylinder 505, vertically be provided with inner ring guide pillar 506 on this inner ring movable stand 504, be slidingly equipped with inner ring lift cylinder 507 on this inner ring guide pillar 506, the output terminal of this inner ring lift cylinder 507 links to each other with described inner ring movable stand 504, interior coil support 508 is fixedly arranged on this inner ring lift cylinder 507, fixedly there is inner ring material grasping cylinder 509 end of coil support 508 in being somebody's turn to do, and the output terminal of this inner ring material grasping cylinder 509 is provided with inner ring claw 510.Inner ring moves cylinder 505 can select no rodless cylinder for use, and inner ring lift cylinder 507 can be selected piston type cylinder for use, and the piston rod of this piston type cylinder also links to each other with inner ring movable stand 504, and is not only simple in structure, but also can save the space.
The both sides of described inner ring line belt 501 are provided with inner ring baffle plate 511, this inner ring baffle plate 511 is fixed on the described worktable 2 by hornblock 512, the top of the end of described inner ring driving belt 501 is provided with inner ring positive stop 513, and the end of described inner ring line belt 501 is provided with for detection of the inner ring detecting switch 514 whether bearing inner race is arranged.When bearing inner race on inner ring line belt 501 and when being fed forward, inner ring baffle plate 511 can prevent that bearing inner race from dropping from inner ring line belt 501, when bearing inner race is delivered to inner ring line belt 501 terminal, inner ring positive stop 513 can stop bearing inner race, thereby prevents that bearing inner race from shifting out inner ring line belt 501 under inner ring line belt 501 drives.Whether inner ring detecting switch 514 has bearing inner race for detection of the end of inner ring line belt 501, if detected bearing inner race, will make inner ring move cylinder 505, inner ring lift cylinder 507 and inner ring material grasping cylinder 509 and do relevant action.
The working principle of inner ring feeding mechanism 5 of the present utility model: can put a plurality of bearing inner races at inner ring line belt 501, also a material loading device can be set in the ingress of inner ring line belt 501, by material loading device bearing inner race is fallen on inner ring line belt 501, deliver to the end of inner ring line belt 501 then successively by the transmission of inner ring line belt 501, and stop by 513 pairs of bearing inner races of inner ring positive stop, when inner ring detecting switch 514 detects inner ring line belt 501 ends bearing inner race is arranged, inner ring moves cylinder 505 actions makes inner ring movable stand 504 slide onto the end of inner ring line belt 501 along inner ring transfer track 503, this moment inner ring claw 510 be positioned at bearing inner race directly over, in thereby inner ring lift cylinder 507 action drives then coil support 508 and on inner ring material grasping cylinder 509 and inner ring claw 510 move down, after inner ring claw 510 touches bearing inner race, thereby 509 actions of inner ring material grasping cylinder make promptly bearing inner race of inner ring claw 510, coil support 508 in thereby 507 actions of inner ring lift cylinder drive then, inner ring material grasping cylinder 509, move on inner ring claw 510 and the bearing inner race, then inner ring move cylinder 505 action make inner ring movable stand 504 along inner ring transfer track 503 reverse shuffle to assembling station 3, in thereby inner ring lift cylinder 507 action drives then coil support 508 and on inner ring material grasping cylinder 509, inner ring claw 510 and bearing inner race move down, after bearing inner race is put into assembling station 3, inner ring material grasping cylinder 509 unclamps inner ring claw 510, coil support 508 in last inner ring lift cylinder 507 makes, and on inner ring material grasping cylinder 509 and inner ring claw 510 on move, thereby enter next circulation.
With reference to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, described set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 comprises the assembling device be located on the described worktable 2, at the roller blanking apparatus of the back upper place of this assembling device and the transfer device that can transfer between described assembling device and roller blanking apparatus;
Described assembling device comprises the retainer positioning module 601 of being located on the described worktable 2 and can upper and lower movement, this retainer positioning module 601 is driven by the positioning module driving mechanism, be provided with in the middle part of this retainer positioning module 601 one can upper and lower movement center die, this center die is driven by the center die driving mechanism;
Described roller blanking apparatus comprises the fixing frame of being located on the described worktable 2 602, this fixing frame 602 is provided with fixed base 603, this fixed base 603 is provided with material guiding plate 604, the middle part of this material guiding plate 604 is equipped with central shaft 605, this material guiding plate 604 is provided with several material guide holes 606 corresponding with the quantity of roller and distributing position on the bearing, the top of this material guiding plate 604 is provided with the following charging tray 607 that is sleeved on the central shaft 605, this time charging tray 607 is driven and can be rotated relative to described central shaft 605 by the blanking driving mechanism, this time charging tray 607 is provided with the intake port 609 that links to each other with supply pipe 608, this intake port 609 be positioned at one of them described material guide hole 606 directly over, the below of described material guiding plate 604 is provided with the last rolling disc 610 that is sleeved on the described central shaft 605, should go up rolling disc 610 and be driven and can be rotated relative to described central shaft 605 by last rotating drive mechanism, rolling disc 610 is provided with and described material guide hole 606 relative last storage hole 611 one by one on this;
Described transfer device comprises and being slidingly installed on the described worktable 2 and by transferring the transferring desk 612 that driving mechanism drives, this transferring desk 612 is provided with roller and takes off material mould 613, the top that this roller takes off material mould 613 is provided with by following rotating drive mechanism and drives and can take off the following rolling disc 614 that material mould 613 rotates relative to described roller, this time rolling disc 614 is provided with and the described storage hole 611 relative following storage hole 615 one by one of going up, the top that described roller takes off material mould 613 is provided with corresponding one by one with described following storage hole 615, and centroclinal slideway 616, the middle part that described roller takes off the bottom of material mould 613 is provided with the groove 617 that communicates with described slideway 616.
Described positioning module driving mechanism is positioning module cylinder 618, mould cylinder 619 centered by the described center die driving mechanism, the below of described worktable 2 is provided with mounting bracket 620, the cylinder barrel of described positioning module cylinder 618 is fixed on the described mounting bracket 620, the cylinder barrel of the output terminal of described positioning module cylinder 618 and described center die cylinder 619 fixes, the output terminal of described center die cylinder 619 and described center die fix, and described retainer positioning module 601 fixes by the cylinder barrel of retainer location die sleeve 621 with described center die cylinder 619; In use, 618 actions of positioning module cylinder drive the 619 upper and lower movements of center die cylinder, thereby drive retainer positioning module 601 and the upper and lower movement of center die, 619 actions of center die cylinder, thus drive the upper and lower movement of center die;
Described upward rotating drive mechanism is last rotation cylinder 622, be equipped with a chute on the described fixed base 603, level is slidingly equipped with a connecting rod 623 in this chute, described going up on the rolling disc 610 is extended with upper pendulum bar, the lower end of the end of this upper pendulum bar and described connecting rod 623 is hinged, and the described upward output terminal of rotation cylinder 622 and the upper end of described connecting rod 623 are hinged; In use, last rotation cylinder 622 actions promote connecting rod 623 and move in chute, thereby connecting rod 623 drive the upper pendulum bars swing, go up rolling disc 610 rotations thereby upper pendulum bar drives;
Described down rotating drive mechanism is rotation cylinder 624 down, describedly is extended with lower pendulum bar 625 on the rolling disc 614 down, the end of this lower pendulum bar 625 with described under the output terminal of rotation cylinder 624 be hinged; In use, following rotation cylinder 624 actions promote lower pendulum bar 625 swings, and rolling disc 614 rotates thereby lower pendulum bar 625 drives down;
The both sides of described assembling mechanism are provided with assembly and transfer guide rail 626, described transferring desk 612 is transferred slide 627 by assembly and is slidingly installed on the described assembly handover guide rail 626, described handover driving mechanism is for transferring Rodless cylinder 628, this output terminal of transferring Rodless cylinder 628 is transferred slide 27 with described assembly and linked to each other, and is simple in structure;
Described 607 outer being set with of charging tray are down stirred ratchet 629, described blanking driving mechanism comprises blanking motor 630, coupling 631, pull bar 632, pull rod shaft 633 and ratchet, the output terminal of described blanking motor 630 links to each other with described coupling 631, one end of described pull bar 632 and described coupling 631 eccentric flexible connections, the other end of described pull bar 632 and described pull rod shaft 633 are hinged, described pull rod shaft 633 levels are slidedly arranged on the described fixed base 603, described pull rod shaft 633 is provided with described ratchet, described ratchet and described ratchet one way engagement of stirring on ratchet 629 circumference; The described 607 outer positioning ratchet wheels 634 that also are provided with of charging tray down, be provided with a positioning seat 635 near being positioned at described positioning ratchet wheel 634 on the described fixed base 603, be provided with a location push rod 636 by spring on this positioning seat 635, the front end of this positioning mandril 636 is provided with positioning roller 637, and this positioning roller 637 is located with the ratchet engagement on described positioning ratchet wheel 634 circumference; Half-turn before blanking motor 630 rotates, coupling 631 drives 633 reaches of pull bar 632 pulling pull rod shaft, the ratchet counter-rotating, the ratchet 629 of stirring that ratchet promotes to be engaged with reverses, thereby drive charging tray 607 rotating certain angle down, intake port 609 on the following charging tray 607 and next material guide hole 606 conductings on the material guiding plate 604, tapered roller enters intake port 609 by supply pipe 608 and falls into then in the material guide hole 606, blanking motor 630 turns to the back half-turn, coupling 631 drives pull bar 632 pulling pull rod shaft 633 and retreats, ratchet is just going back to the position, ratchet and the next ratchet engagement of stirring on the ratchet 629, in the ratchet return process, because positioning ratchet wheel 634 meshes with the positioning roller 637 of positioning mandril 636 front ends, thereby positioning ratchet wheel 634 is positioned, and positioning ratchet wheel 634, stir between ratchet 629 and following charging tray 607 threes affixed, thereby make charging tray 607 accurate positionings down can not produce to rock and be shifted.So repeatedly, all filling up tapered roller in the material guide hole 606 on the material guiding plate 604 gets final product.
The working principle of set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 of the present utility model: the supply pipe 608 on the following charging tray 607 links to each other with roller feed mechanism, last storage hole 611 on the last rolling disc 610 staggers mutually with material guide hole 606 on the material guiding plate 604, following charging tray 607 is when material guiding plate 604 rotates, intake port 609 on the following charging tray 607 can with material guiding plate 604 on material guide hole 606 conducting successively, thereby make tapered roller enter down in the intake port 609 of charging tray 607 from supply pipe 608, enter then in the material guide hole 606 of material guiding plate 604, fill up the material guide hole 606 of material guiding plate 604 until tapered roller, transfer device slides onto the below of roller blanking apparatus then, namely descend rolling disc 614 to contact with last rolling disc 610, and down the last storage hole 611 of the following storage hole 615 of rolling disc 614 and last rolling disc 610 staggers mutually, the following storage hole 615 of same rolling disc 614 at present also takes off the slideway 616 of expecting mould 613 with roller and also staggers mutually, going up rolling disc 610 then rotates, last storage hole 611 on the last rolling disc 610 is relative with following storage hole 615 on the following rolling disc 614, tapered roller in the material guide hole 606 of material guiding plate 604 falls into down in the storage hole 615 by last storage hole 611 one by one entirely, go up rolling disc 610 revolutions then, can carry out next round and in the material guide hole 606 of material guiding plate 604, put into the tapered roller action, retainer is placed on the retainer positioning module 601 by retainer feeding mechanism 7 simultaneously, the center die superior displacement is in retainer, feeder slides onto the top of assembling device then, be roller take off the material mould 613 be positioned at retainer positioning module 601 directly over, move on retainer and the center die in the groove 617 that roller takes off material mould 613 thereby move on the retainer positioning module 601 then to drive, descend rolling disc 614 to rotate then, the slideway 616 that following storage hole 615 and the roller of following rolling disc 614 takes off material mould 613 is relative, descending tapered roller in the storage hole 615 to take off slideway 616 on the material mould 613 by roller one by one then falls in the pocket hole on the retainer, retainer positioning module 601 moves down then, thereby drive retainer, tapered roller and center die move down, following rolling disc 614 revolutions, transfer device slides onto the below of roller blanking apparatus, bearing inner race is by on the inner ring feeding mechanism 5 centre moulds then, center die moves down, driving bearing inner race drops in the retainer, thereby with retainer, thereby tapered roller and bearing inner race fit together and form bearing inner assembly, by assembly transfer mechanism 8 bearing inner assembly are shifted out then and can carry out the next round assembling.
With reference to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, described roller feed mechanism comprises the supporting base 101 of being located at described support 1 rear, this supporting base 101 is provided with the cascade feed mechanism of carrying from bottom to top, the output terminal of this cascade feed mechanism is provided with roller feed path 10 2, the end of this roller feed path 10 is provided with feeder, thereby this feeder comprises two rollers 103 that are arranged in parallel and driven synchronous rotation by the roller driving mechanism, this two roller 103 is divided into leading portion, stage casing and back segment, the leading portion of this two roller 103 links to each other with described roller feed path 10 2, and the gap between the leading portion of this two roller 103 is less than the diameter of tapered roller small end, the top of the leading portion of this two roller 103 is provided with and can makes the single striking gear that couches and be fed forward of tapered roller, gap between the stage casing of described two rollers 103 greater than the diameter of tapered roller small end less than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, the top in the stage casing of described two rollers 103 be provided with can make the big end of tapered roller at last small end at the top rod 104 that is fed forward one by one down, gap between the back segment of described two rollers 103 is greater than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, the below of the back segment of described two rollers 103 is provided with feed opening 105, the below of this feed opening 105 is provided with blanking pipeline 106, and the end of this blanking pipeline 106 links to each other with the entrance of described set of rollers mounting mechanism 6.
Described cascade feed mechanism comprises the frame of being located on the described supporting base 101 107, this frame 107 is provided with hopper 108, and the multilayer fixed plate 109 of stepped distribution, the upper end of the described fixed plate 109 of basecoat links to each other with described hopper 108 by an acclivitous feed channel, the upper end of the described fixed plate 109 of last layer links to each other with a roller line belt 110, this roller line belt 110 drives by transmitting drive motor 111, the end of this roller line belt 110 links to each other with described roller feed path 10 2, be provided with and go up between adjacent two fixed plates 109, following mobile riser 112, the upper-end surface of the described fixed plate 109 of the upper-end surface of this riser 112 one deck before moving down Shi Keyu is in the same plane, the upper-end surface of the described fixed plate 109 of the upper-end surface of this riser 112 one deck after moving Shi Keyu is in the same plane, the upper end of described fixed plate 109 and riser 112 is equipped with the inclined-plane identical with described feed channel angle of inclination, all fixedly connected with a lifting supporting plate 113 in the lower end of the described riser 112 of multilayer, this fixing part that promotes supporting plate 113 is fixedlyed connected with an output terminal that promotes cylinder 114;
The both sides of described fixed plate 109 are provided with the vertical baffle plate 115 of roller, and the vertical baffle plate 115 of this roller can prevent that tapered roller from falling in the tapered roller lifting process;
The both sides of the top of described feeder are provided with roller transverse baffle 116, and this roller transverse baffle 116 along in the feedway handover process, can prevent that tapered roller from falling at tapered roller;
Described roller driving mechanism comprises roller motor 117, the output terminal of this roller motor 117 is provided with motor drive wheel 118, the end of described two rollers 103 is equipped with roller drive wheel 119, is connected by belt transmission between this two rollers drive wheel 119 and the described motor drive wheel 118;
Described striking gear comprises stirs motor 120, and this is stirred motor 120 output terminals and is provided with turning lever 121, is evenly equipped with multi-disc moving plate 122 on the periphery of the end of this turning lever 121, and this moving plate 122 is positioned at the top of the leading portion of described two rollers 103.
The working principle of roller feed of the present utility model mechanism: blanking pipeline 106 links to each other with the supply pipe 608 of set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 by bourdon tube, splendid attire tapered roller in the hopper 108, when carrying tapered roller from bottom to top, riser 112 is that the upper-end surface of riser 112 is all in the same plane with the upper-end surface of preceding one deck fixed plate 109 at low level, tapered roller in the hopper 108 is rolled on the fixed plate 109 of basecoat from feed channel, tapered roller is rolled on the corresponding riser 112 from the fixed plate 109 of basecoat then, it is that the upper-end surface of riser 112 is all in the same plane with the upper-end surface of back one deck fixed plate 109 that riser 112 is moved upward to a high position, this moment, tapered roller was rolled on back one deck fixed plate 109 from riser 112, thereby make tapered roller the past one deck fixed plate 109 be promoted on back one deck fixed plate 109, riser 112 is moved downward to low level then, circulation and so forth, as long as riser 112 is done, following motion just can promote tapered roller step by step, on the fixed plate 109 that is promoted to last layer, be about to tapered roller and rise to corresponding height, fall into then on the roller line belt 110 and by roller line belt 110 and deliver on the roller feed path 10 2, be delivered on the roller 103 of feeder by roller feed path 10 2 then, thereby the rotation drive tapered roller by roller 103 is fed forward, when being transported to the leading portion of roller 103, under the stirring of striking gear, tapered roller is the state of couching and single being fed forward, when being delivered to the stage casing of roller 103, since the gap between two rollers 103 greater than the diameter of tapered roller small end less than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, thereby make tapered roller be big end last small end under standing state, under the effect of top rod 104, the tapered roller of the state of couching can be become standing state and single being fed forward, when being delivered to the back segment of roller 103, tapered roller is fallen in the feed opening 105, is delivered on the set of rollers mounting mechanism 6 by blanking pipeline 106 then.
With reference to Figure 10, Figure 11, described retainer feeding mechanism 7 comprises the pusher track of vertically being located on the described worktable 2 701, the top of the head of this pusher track 701 is provided with retainer charge assembly, the below of this retainer charge assembly is provided with the assembly that connects material moving up and down under the cylinder 702 that connects material drives, and the upper end of this assembly that connects material can be stretched in the described retainer charge assembly and get retainer;
The rear of the head of described pusher track 701 is provided with and pushes cylinder 703, and the output terminal of this propelling movement cylinder 703 is provided with the pushing plate 704 that can vertically move along described pusher track 701;
The place ahead of the afterbody of described pusher track 701 laterally is provided with a retainer transfer track 705, be slidingly equipped with retainer movable stand 706 on this retainer transfer track 705, and this retainer movable stand 706 is connected with the output terminal that retainer on being fixed on described worktable 2 moves cylinder 707, vertically be provided with retainer guide pillar 708 on this retainer movable stand 706, be slidingly equipped with retainer lift cylinder 709 on this retainer guide pillar 708, the output terminal of this retainer lift cylinder 709 links to each other with described retainer movable stand 706, on this retainer lift cylinder 709 retainer support 710 is arranged fixedly, fixedly there is retainer material grasping cylinder 711 end of this retainer support 710, and the end of this retainer material grasping cylinder 711 is provided with retainer claw 712.
Described retainer charge assembly comprises retainer bearing 713, the retainer index plate 714 that can rotate relative to described retainer bearing 713 is installed on this retainer bearing 713, this retainer index plate 714 is driven by calibration cylinder 715 and rotates, this retainer index plate 714 is provided with vertical rod 716, the upper end of this vertical rod 716 is provided with disk 717, hanging support has at least two material bars 718 on this disk 717, the lower end of this material bar 718 is located on the described retainer index plate 714, described retainer index plate 714 is provided with positioning device, this positioning device comprises at least two locating slots 719 on the periphery that is distributed on described retainer index plate 714, described retainer bearing 713 is provided with position shelf 720, this position shelf 720 is provided with positioning work piece 721, this positioning work piece 721 its end under the driving of positioning cylinder 722 can be stretched in the described locating slot 719, is set with binder cover 723 on the described material bar 718; In use, the retainer string is on material bar 718, material bar 718 is installed on the retainer index plate 714, material bar 718 has two at least, one of them material bar 718 rotates by calibration cylinder 715 driving retainer index plates 714 and is positioned at the top of getting the material assembly so, its clout bar 718 can be used for getting retainer at feeding process string, save time, and after retainer index plate 714 rotate in place, positioning work piece 721 its end under the driving of positioning cylinder 722 is stretched in the locating slot 719, thereby the location after realizing rotateing in place, when after the retainer of material bar 718 lower ends is removed, all the other retainers move down retainer in the effect that binder overlaps 723 gravity;
The below of described worktable 2 is provided with retainer scaffold 724, the described cylinder 702 that connects material is fixed on the described retainer scaffold 724, the described assembly that connects material comprises the master jaw 725 on the output terminal that is arranged on the described cylinder 702 that connects material, has cylindrical cavity in this master jaw 725, be evenly distributed with at least two radial direction through hole of linking up mutually with cylindrical cavity on the sidewall of this master jaw 725, be slidingly equipped with the jaw body 726 that connects material in this radial direction through hole, be set with the circumference spring on the periphery of this jaw body 726 that connects material, this jaw body 726 that connects material is stretched out the outer end of radial direction through hole and is provided with trip, the end that this jaw body 726 that connects material is positioned at described cylindrical cavity is provided with the conical surface that shrinks from bottom to top, be provided with in the described cylindrical cavity by ejecting cylinder 727 and drive the saddle 728 that can move up and down along described master jaw 725, the upper end of this saddle 728 is provided with the taper platform that matches with conical surface; When getting material, master jaw moves under the effect of the cylinder 702 that connects material, when master jaw 725 is positioned at the retainer of retainer index plate 714, eject cylinder 727 and drive saddle 728 risings, make connect material jaw body 726 radially through hole stretch out the back trip and block retainer in the retainer index plate 714, at this moment, the tensile buckling of circumference spring, the cylinder 702 that connects material then drives master jaw 725 and moves down, and moves down thereby drive retainer, when retainer is placed on the pusher track 701, ejecting cylinder 727 driving saddles 728 moves down, the jaw body that connects material 726 is inwardly drawn under the effect of circumference spring, unclamps retainer, thereby finishes the process of connecting material;
The outside of the afterbody of described pusher track 701 is provided with sensor 729, this sensor can be reflective photoelectric sensor, afterbody on the described pusher track 701 is provided with the swivel plate 730 that can rotate relative to described pusher track 701, this swivel plate 730 is fixed on driven shaft 731, and this driven shaft 731 links to each other with electric rotating machine 732; When retainer pushed to swivel plate 730, whether the window of sensor 729 detection retainers is special position then, if not, 732 actions of sensor 729 control electric rotating machines, electric rotating machine 732 rotates by driven shaft 731 driven rotary plates 730 then, and then drive the retainer rotation, treat that the window of retainer stops behind special position;
The both sides of described pusher track 701 are provided with retainer guide plate 733, and this retainer guide plate 733 plays leading role when pushing plate 704 pushes retainer forward, and prevent that retainer from dropping at moving process.
The working principle of retainer feeding mechanism 7 of the present utility model: the retainer string is being expected on the bar 718, to expect that then bar 718 is placed on the retainer index plate 714 of retainer charge assembly, the cylinder 702 that connects material then drives to move on the assembly that connects material to stretch into and grasps retainer in the retainer index plate 714, assembly moves down and drives retainer and move down thereby cylinder 702 driveshafts that connect material then connect material, under the stopping of pusher track 701, retainer is placed on the pusher track 701, push cylinder 703 then and drive pushing plate 704, pushing plate 704 is pushed into afterbody with retainer from the head of pusher track 702, retainer moves cylinder 707 action and makes retainer movable stand 706 slide onto the afterbody of pusher track 701 along retainer transfer track 705 then, this moment retainer claw 712 be positioned at retainer directly over, thereby then retainer lift cylinder 709 action drive retainer supports 710 and on retainer material grasping cylinder 711 and retainer claw 712 move down, after retainer claw 712 touches retainer, thereby 711 actions of retainer material grasping cylinder make promptly retainer of retainer claw 712, thereby 709 actions of retainer lift cylinder drive retainer support 710 then, retainer material grasping cylinder 711, move on retainer claw 712 and the retainer, then retainer move cylinder 707 action make retainer movable stand 706 along retainer transfer track 705 reverse shuffle to assembling station 3, thereby then retainer lift cylinder 709 action drive retainer supports 710 and on retainer material grasping cylinder 711, retainer claw 712 and retainer move down, after retainer is put into assembling station 3, retainer material grasping cylinder 711 unclamps retainer claw 712, last retainer lift cylinder 709 makes retainer support 710, and on retainer material grasping cylinder 711 and retainer claw 712 on move, thereby enter next circulation.
With reference to Figure 12, described assembly transfer mechanism 8 comprises first guide rail of laterally being located on the described worktable 2 801, laterally be slidingly equipped with the sliding component 803 that is driven by first cylinder 802 on this first guide rail 801, the middle part of this sliding component 803 is equipped with putting hole 804, one side horizontal expansion of this sliding component 803 has the material pushing plate 805 of handover, the outer end end face of this handover material pushing plate 805 is concaved with the pusher groove 806 that laterally is arranged side by side with described putting hole 804, the rear of described first guide rail 801 is provided with riser 807, the upper end of this riser 807 is provided with transverse slat 808, the two ends of this transverse slat 808 are extended with support plate 809, laterally be provided with second guide rail 810 between this two support plate 809, laterally be slidingly equipped with the slide unit 812 that is driven by second cylinder 811 on this second guide rail 810, vertically be equipped with the 3rd guide rail 813 on this slide unit 812, the 3rd guide rail 813 is can be along on the described slide unit 812 under the driving of the 3rd cylinder 814, following slippage, the below of the 3rd guide rail 813 is equipped with by claw cylinder 815 and drives the handover claw 816 that can open relatively or draw in, and this handover claw 816 can be positioned at described putting hole 804 directly over.First cylinder 802 and second cylinder 811 are no rodless cylinder, the 3rd cylinder 814 is piston type cylinder, the end of the piston rod of this piston type cylinder is provided with connecting plate 817, the lower end with the 3rd guide rail 813 of this connecting plate 817 links to each other, fixedly there is claw cylinder 815 below of connecting plate 817 and transfers claw 816, and claw cylinder 815 is double-acting cylinder, and is simple and compact for structure.
Described sliding component 803 is made up of left fixed plate and right fixed plate and is connected by link 818, left side fixed plate and right fixed plate can maintain a certain distance when mounted, versatility is better, the below of described sliding component 803 is provided with backing plate 819, the lower end surface of bearing inner assembly contacts with the upper surface of backing plate 819, thereby 819 pairs of bearing inner assemblies of backing plate play a supportive role, when mobile sliding component 803, sliding component 803 drives bearing inner assembly along backing plate 819 slippages, slippage is more smooth and easy, the upper end of described the 3rd guide rail 813 passes described slide unit 812 and is provided with transfers limiting board 820, when the 3rd guide rail 813 moves down, move down stroke by transferring limiting board 820 restriction handover claws 816, thereby prevent that the lower end of transferring claw 816 from colliding sliding component 803 when moving down.
The working principle of assembly transfer mechanism 8 of the present utility model: work as retainer, when tapered roller and bearing inner race are assembled into bearing inner assembly at assembling station 3, sliding component 803 is positioned at the high order end of first guide rail 801, pusher groove 806 on the handover material pushing plate 805 is positioned at the left side of pressing station 4, then second cylinder 811 drive slide units 812 along second guide rail 810 move to left until transfer claw 816 be positioned at bearing inner assembly directly over, transferring claw 816 opens, thereby the 3rd cylinder 814 drives the 3rd guide rail 813 and moves down to drive along slide unit 812 and transfer claw 816 and move down then, when handover claw 816 is enclosed in the outside of bearing inner assembly, thereby driving, claw cylinder 815 transfers promptly bearing inner assembly of claw 816 gatherings, thereby then the 3rd cylinder 814 drive the 3rd guide rail 813 along move on the slide unit 812 drive transfer claw 816 and on bearing inner assembly on move, then second cylinder 811 drive slide units 812 along second guide rail 810 move to right until transfer claw 816 and bearing inner assembly be positioned at sliding component 803 putting hole 804 directly over, thereby the 3rd cylinder 814 drives the 3rd guide rail 813 and moves down to drive along slide unit 812 and transfer claw 816 and bearing inner assembly and move down until bearing inner assembly and put into putting hole 804 then, thereby claw cylinder 815 drive handover claws 816 open and put down bearing inner assembly, thereby the 3rd cylinder 814 drivings the 3rd guide rail 813 moves along moving on the slide unit 812 to drive to transfer on the claw 816 then, first cylinder, 802 driving sliding components 803 and bearing inner assembly are relative with pressing station 4 until the putting hole 804 of sliding component 803 along first guide rail 801 slippage to the right then, the pressing material pushing plate of laminating mechanism 9 takes off bearing inner assembly from the below of putting hole 804 then, first cylinder 802 drives sliding component 803 along first guide rail 801 slippage left then, thus the handover of preparing next bearing inner assembly.And transfer before the bearing inner assembly to the right, ejected and be positioned at the right side of the pusher groove 806 of transferring material pushing plate 805 by the pressing material pushing plate of laminating mechanism 9 at the good bearing inner assembly of pressing station 4 pressing, when when moving right bearing inner assembly, transfer material pushing plate 805 and also move right, thereby move right to tapping channel 10 by the bearing inner assembly that it is good that pusher groove 806 promotes pressing.
With reference to Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, described laminating mechanism 9 comprises the pressing counterdie of being located on the described worktable 2 901, be penetrated with pressing groove 902 on this pressing counterdie 901, be concaved with a plurality of semicircle extruding grooves 903 that are complementary with rolling element on the inwall of this pressing groove 902, being slidingly equipped with in this pressing groove 902 also can be along on the described pressing groove 902 by the driving of pressing pusher driving mechanism, the pressing material pushing plate of following slippage, the top that described worktable 2 is positioned at described pressing counterdie 901 is provided with by pressing column 904 and is fixed on pressing mounting plate 905 on the described worktable 2, the below of this pressing mounting plate 905 is provided with the pressing patrix 906 that is positioned at directly over the described pressing groove 902, and this pressing patrix 906 is driven and can be gone up by the patrix driving mechanism that is fixed on the described pressing mounting plate 905, following mobile.
Described patrix driving mechanism comprises the pressurized cylinder 907 that is fixed on described pressing mounting plate 905 tops, the output terminal of this pressurized cylinder 907 passes described pressing mounting plate 905 backs fixedly upper mould fixed plate 908, fixedly there is described pressing patrix 906 below of this upper mould fixed plate 908, the both sides that are positioned at described pressurized cylinder 907 on the described pressing mounting plate 905 are slidingly equipped with pressing guide pillar 909, and the lower end of this pressing guide pillar 909 is passed described pressing mounting plate 905 backs and fixed with described upper mould fixed plate 908;
Wherein a described pressing guide pillar 909 is provided with displacement transducer 910, moves down stroke by 910 pairs of pressing patrixes 906 of displacement transducer and accurately controls;
Described pressing pusher driving mechanism comprises the pressing pusher cylinder 911 that is positioned at described pressing material pushing plate below, this pressing pusher cylinder 911 is fixed on the described worktable 2 by pushing cylinder block 912, and the output terminal of this pressing pusher cylinder 911 links to each other with described pressing material pushing plate;
The both sides of described pressing counterdie 901 offer indent 913, and fixedly there is counterdie briquetting 914 in the outside with described indent 913 opposite positions on the described worktable 2, are extended with the projection 915 that can be pressed on the described indent 913 on this counterdie briquetting 914, and are fixing more firm.
The working principle of laminating mechanism 9 of the present utility model: at first pressing pusher cylinder 911 promote that the pressing material pushing plate rise and with the upper surface flush of pressing groove 902, bearing inner assembly is transferred on the pressing material pushing plate by assembly transfer mechanism 8, pressing pusher cylinder 911 moves down, the pressing material pushing plate also moves down thereupon, thereby driving bearing inner assembly also moves down, when tapered roller is positioned at the extruding groove 903 of pressing groove 902 of pressing counterdie 901, assembly transfer mechanism 8 returns, pressurized cylinder 907 driving pressing patrixes 906 move down and downward last item holds inner ring, thereby tapered roller is pressed in the inner ring raceway of bearing inner race under the effect of extruding groove 903, thereby make tapered roller, retainer and bearing inner race are pressed into one, pressing patrix 906 moves under the effect of pressurized cylinder 907 then, the pressing material pushing plate moves under the effect of pressing pusher cylinder 911, move thereby make on the good bearing inner assembly of pressing, push on the tapping channel 10 by assembly mobile mechanism 8 then, can carry out the pressing of a next bearing inner assembly.

Claims (14)

1. bearing full automatic assembly machine, comprise support, it is characterized in that: described support is provided with worktable, this worktable is provided with assembling station and pressing station, the place ahead of described assembling station is provided with the inner ring feeding mechanism that bearing inner race can be transported to described assembling station, the rear of described assembling station is provided with the set of rollers mounting mechanism that a plurality of tapered rollers can be arranged in the tapered roller group and deliver to described assembling station, the rear of this set of rollers mounting mechanism is provided with tapered roller is delivered to roller feed mechanism on the described set of rollers mounting mechanism, one side of described assembling station is provided with the retainer feeding mechanism that retainer can be transported to described assembling station, can be with bearing inner race at described assembling station, retainer and tapered roller fit together the formation bearing inner assembly, be provided with the assembly transfer mechanism that bearing inner assembly can be delivered to described pressing station from described assembling station between the inboard of the opposite side of described assembling station and described pressing station, described pressing station is provided with can be with described bearing inner assembly pressing all-in-one-piece laminating mechanism, the outside of described pressing station is provided with tapping channel, and this tapping channel is provided with pusher.
2. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described inner ring feeding mechanism comprises the inner ring line belt of being located on the described worktable, this inner ring line belt also can hold single bearing inner race by inner ring line belt motor driving to be passed through, the end of this inner ring line belt is provided with the inner ring transfer track, be slidingly equipped with the inner ring movable stand on this inner ring transfer track, and this inner ring movable stand is connected with the output terminal that inner ring on being fixed on described worktable moves cylinder, vertically be provided with the inner ring guide pillar on this inner ring movable stand, be slidingly equipped with the inner ring lift cylinder on this inner ring guide pillar, the output terminal of this inner ring lift cylinder links to each other with described inner ring movable stand, on this inner ring lift cylinder interior coil support is arranged fixedly, fixedly there is inner ring material grasping cylinder the end of coil support in being somebody's turn to do, and the output terminal of this inner ring material grasping cylinder is provided with the inner ring claw.
3. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 2, it is characterized in that: the both sides of described inner ring line belt are provided with the inner ring baffle plate, this inner ring baffle plate is fixed on the described worktable by hornblock, the top of the end of described inner ring driving belt is provided with the inner ring positive stop, and the end of described inner ring line belt is provided with for detection of the inner ring detecting switch whether bearing inner race is arranged.
4. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described set of rollers mounting mechanism comprises the assembling device be located on the described worktable, at the roller blanking apparatus of the back upper place of this assembling device and the transfer device that can transfer between described assembling device and roller blanking apparatus;
Described assembling device comprises the retainer positioning module of being located on the described worktable and can upper and lower movement, this retainer positioning module is driven by the positioning module driving mechanism, be provided with in the middle part of this retainer positioning module one can upper and lower movement center die, this center die is driven by the center die driving mechanism;
Described roller blanking apparatus comprises the fixing frame of being located on the described worktable, this fixing frame is provided with fixed base, this fixed base is provided with material guiding plate, the middle part of this material guiding plate is equipped with central shaft, this material guiding plate is provided with several material guide holes corresponding with the quantity of roller and distributing position on the bearing, the top of this material guiding plate is provided with the following charging tray that is sleeved on the central shaft, this time charging tray is driven and can be rotated relative to described central shaft by the blanking driving mechanism, this time charging tray is provided with the intake port that links to each other with supply pipe, this intake port be positioned at one of them described material guide hole directly over, the below of described material guiding plate is provided with the last rolling disc that is sleeved on the described central shaft, should go up rolling disc and be driven and can be rotated relative to described central shaft by last rotating drive mechanism, rolling disc is provided with and described material guide hole relative last storage hole one by one on this;
Described transfer device comprises and being slidingly installed on the described worktable and by transferring the transferring desk that driving mechanism drives, this transferring desk is provided with roller and takes off the material mould, the top that this roller takes off the material mould is provided with by following rotating drive mechanism and drives and can take off the following rolling disc that the material mould rotates relative to described roller, this time rolling disc is provided with and the described storage hole relative following storage hole one by one of going up, the top that described roller takes off the material mould is provided with and described down storage hole corresponding, and centroclinal slideway one by one, and the middle part that described roller takes off the bottom of expecting mould is provided with the groove that communicates with described slideway.
5. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 4, it is characterized in that: described positioning module driving mechanism is the positioning module cylinder, mould cylinder centered by the described center die driving mechanism, the below of described worktable is provided with mounting bracket, the cylinder barrel of described positioning module cylinder is fixed on the described mounting bracket, the cylinder barrel of the output terminal of described positioning module cylinder and described center die cylinder fixes, the output terminal of described center die cylinder and described center die fix, and described retainer positioning module fixes by the cylinder barrel of retainer location die sleeve and described center die cylinder;
Described upward rotating drive mechanism is last rotation cylinder, be equipped with a chute on the described fixed base, level is slidingly equipped with a connecting rod in this chute, described going up on the rolling disc is extended with upper pendulum bar, the end of this upper pendulum bar and the lower end of described connecting rod are hinged, and the described upward output terminal of rotation cylinder and the upper end of described connecting rod are hinged;
Described down rotating drive mechanism is rotation cylinder down, describedly is extended with lower pendulum bar on the rolling disc down, the end of this lower pendulum bar with described under the output terminal of rotation cylinder be hinged;
The both sides of described assembling mechanism are provided with assembly and transfer guide rail, described transferring desk is transferred slide by assembly and is slidingly installed on the described assembly handover guide rail, described handover driving mechanism is for transferring Rodless cylinder, and this output terminal of transferring Rodless cylinder is transferred slide with described assembly and linked to each other;
Described charging tray overcoat down is equipped with stirs ratchet, described blanking driving mechanism comprises blanking motor, coupling, pull bar, pull rod shaft and ratchet, the output terminal of described blanking motor links to each other with described coupling, one end of described pull bar and described coupling are eccentric to flexibly connect, the other end of described pull bar and described pull rod shaft are hinged, described pull rod shaft level is slidedly arranged on the described fixed base, and described pull rod shaft is provided with described ratchet, described ratchet and described ratchet one way engagement of stirring on the ratchet circumference:
Described charging tray down also is provided with positioning ratchet wheel outward, be provided with a positioning seat near being positioned at described positioning ratchet wheel on the described fixed base, be provided with a location push rod by spring on this positioning seat, the front end of this positioning mandril is provided with positioning roller, the ratchet engagement location on this positioning roller and the described positioning ratchet wheel circumference.
6. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described roller feed mechanism comprises the supporting base of being located at described support rear, this supporting base is provided with the cascade feed mechanism of carrying from bottom to top, the output terminal of this cascade feed mechanism is provided with the roller feed passage, the end of this roller feed passage is provided with feeder, thereby this feeder comprises two rollers that are arranged in parallel and driven synchronous rotation by the roller driving mechanism, this two roller is divided into leading portion, stage casing and back segment, the leading portion of this two roller links to each other with described roller feed passage, and the gap between the leading portion of this two roller is less than the diameter of tapered roller small end, the top of the leading portion of this two roller is provided with and can makes the single striking gear that couches and be fed forward of tapered roller, gap between the stage casing of described two rollers greater than the diameter of tapered roller small end less than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, the top in the stage casing of described two rollers be provided with can make the big end of tapered roller at last small end at the top rod that is fed forward one by one down, gap between the back segment of described two rollers is greater than the diameter of the big end of tapered roller, the below of the back segment of described two rollers is provided with feed opening, the below of this feed opening is provided with the blanking pipeline, and the end of this blanking pipeline links to each other with the entrance of described set of rollers mounting mechanism.
7. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 6, it is characterized in that: described cascade feed mechanism comprises the frame of being located on the described supporting base, this frame is provided with hopper, and the multilayer fixed plate of stepped distribution, the upper end of the described fixed plate of basecoat links to each other with described hopper by an acclivitous feed channel, the upper end of the described fixed plate of last layer links to each other with a roller line belt, this roller line belt drives by transmitting drive motor, the end of this roller line belt links to each other with described roller feed passage, be provided with and go up between adjacent two fixed plates, following mobile riser, the upper-end surface of the upper-end surface of this riser described fixed plate of one deck before moving down Shi Keyu is in the same plane, the upper-end surface of the upper-end surface of this riser described fixed plate of one deck after moving Shi Keyu is in the same plane, the upper end of described fixed plate and riser is equipped with the inclined-plane identical with described feed channel angle of inclination, all fixedly connected with a lifting supporting plate in the lower end of the described riser of multilayer, this fixing part that promotes supporting plate is fixedlyed connected with an output terminal that promotes cylinder;
The both sides of described fixed plate are provided with the vertical baffle plate of roller;
The both sides of the top of described feeder are provided with the roller transverse baffle;
Described roller driving mechanism comprises the roller motor, and the output terminal of this roller motor is provided with the motor drive wheel, and the end of described two rollers is equipped with the roller drive wheel, is connected by belt transmission between this two rollers drive wheel and the described motor drive wheel;
Described striking gear comprises stirs motor, and this is stirred motor output end and is provided with turning lever, is evenly equipped with the multi-disc moving plate on the periphery of the end of this turning lever, and this moving plate is positioned at the top of the leading portion of described two rollers.
8. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described retainer feeding mechanism comprises the pusher track of vertically being located on the described worktable, the top of the head of this pusher track is provided with retainer charge assembly, the below of this retainer charge assembly is provided with the assembly that connects material moving up and down under the air cylinder driven that connects material, and the upper end of this assembly that connects material can be stretched in the described retainer charge assembly and get retainer;
The rear of the head of described pusher track is provided with the propelling movement cylinder, and the output terminal of this propelling movement cylinder is provided with the pushing plate that can vertically move along described pusher track;
The place ahead of the afterbody of described pusher track laterally is provided with a retainer transfer track, be slidingly equipped with the retainer movable stand on this retainer transfer track, and this retainer movable stand is connected with the output terminal that retainer on being fixed on described worktable moves cylinder, vertically be provided with the retainer guide pillar on this retainer movable stand, be slidingly equipped with the retainer lift cylinder on this retainer guide pillar, the output terminal of this retainer lift cylinder links to each other with described retainer movable stand, on this retainer lift cylinder the retainer support is arranged fixedly, fixedly there is retainer material grasping cylinder the end of this retainer support, and the end of this retainer material grasping cylinder is provided with the retainer claw.
9. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 8, it is characterized in that: described retainer charge assembly comprises the retainer bearing, the retainer index plate that can rotate relative to described retainer bearing is installed on this retainer bearing, this retainer index plate is rotated by the calibration air cylinder driven, this retainer index plate is provided with vertical rod, the upper end of this vertical rod is provided with disk, hanging support has at least two material bars on this disk, the lower end of this material bar is located on the described retainer index plate, described retainer index plate is provided with positioning device, this positioning device comprises at least two locating slots on the periphery that is distributed on described retainer index plate, described retainer bearing is provided with position shelf, this position shelf is provided with positioning work piece, this positioning work piece its end under the driving of positioning cylinder can be stretched in the described locating slot, is set with the binder cover on the described material bar;
The below of described worktable is provided with the retainer scaffold, the described cylinder that connects material is fixed on the described retainer scaffold, the described assembly that connects material comprises the master jaw on the output terminal that is arranged on the described cylinder that connects material, has cylindrical cavity in this master jaw, be evenly distributed with at least two radial direction through hole of linking up mutually with cylindrical cavity on the sidewall of this master jaw, be slidingly equipped with the jaw body that connects material in this radial direction through hole, be set with the circumference spring on the periphery of this jaw body that connects material, this jaw body that connects material is stretched out the outer end of radial direction through hole and is provided with trip, the end that this jaw body that connects material is positioned at described cylindrical cavity is provided with the conical surface that shrinks from bottom to top, be provided with in the described cylindrical cavity by ejecting the saddle that air cylinder driven can move up and down along described master jaw, the upper end of this saddle is provided with the taper platform that matches with conical surface;
The outside of the afterbody of described pusher track is provided with sensor, the afterbody on the described pusher track be provided with can described relatively pusher orbit rotation swivel plate, this swivel plate is fixed on driven shaft, this driven shaft links to each other with electric rotating machine;
The both sides of described pusher track are provided with the retainer guide plate.
10. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described assembly transfer mechanism comprises first guide rail of laterally being located on the described worktable, laterally be slidingly equipped with the sliding component by first air cylinder driven on this first guide rail, the middle part of this sliding component is equipped with putting hole, one side horizontal expansion of this sliding component has the handover material pushing plate, the outer end end face of this handover material pushing plate is concaved with the pusher groove that laterally is arranged side by side with described putting hole, the rear of described first guide rail is provided with riser, the upper end of this riser is provided with transverse slat, the two ends of this transverse slat are extended with support plate, laterally be provided with second guide rail between this two support plate, laterally be slidingly equipped with the slide unit by second air cylinder driven on this second guide rail, vertically be equipped with the 3rd guide rail on this slide unit, the 3rd guide rail is can be along on the described slide unit under the driving of the 3rd cylinder, following slippage, the below of the 3rd guide rail is equipped with the card that can be opened relatively or draw in by the claw air cylinder driven and transfers pawl, and this handover claw can be positioned at described putting hole directly over.
11. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 10, it is characterized in that: described sliding component is made up of left fixed plate and right fixed plate and is connected by link, the below of described sliding component is provided with backing plate, and the upper end of described the 3rd guide rail passes described slide unit and is provided with the handover limiting board.
12. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described laminating mechanism comprises the pressing counterdie of being located on the described worktable, be penetrated with the pressing groove on this pressing counterdie, be concaved with a plurality of semicircle extruding grooves that are complementary with rolling element on the inwall of this pressing groove, being slidingly equipped with in this pressing groove also can be along on the described pressing groove by the driving of pressing pusher driving mechanism, the pressing material pushing plate of following slippage, the top that described worktable is positioned at described pressing counterdie is provided with by the pressing column and is fixed on pressing mounting plate on the described worktable, the below of this pressing mounting plate is provided with the pressing patrix that is positioned at directly over the described pressing groove, and this pressing patrix is driven and can be gone up by the patrix driving mechanism that is fixed on the described pressing mounting plate, following mobile.
13. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 12, it is characterized in that: described patrix driving mechanism comprises the pressurized cylinder that is fixed on described pressing mounting plate top, the output terminal of this pressurized cylinder fixedly has upper mould fixed plate after passing described pressing mounting plate, fixedly there is described pressing patrix the below of this upper mould fixed plate, the both sides that are positioned at described pressurized cylinder on the described pressing mounting plate are slidingly equipped with the pressing guide pillar, and the lower end of this pressing guide pillar fixes with described upper mould fixed plate after passing described pressing mounting plate;
Wherein a described pressing guide pillar is provided with displacement transducer;
Described pressing pusher driving mechanism comprises the pressing pusher cylinder that is positioned at described pressing material pushing plate below, and this pressing pusher cylinder is fixed on the described worktable by pushing cylinder block, and the output terminal of this pressing pusher cylinder links to each other with described pressing material pushing plate;
The both sides of described pressing counterdie offer indent, and fixedly there is the counterdie briquetting in the outside with described indent opposite position on the described worktable, are extended with the projection that can be pressed on the described indent on this counterdie briquetting.
14. according to the described bearing full automatic assembly machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pusher comprises the discharging cylinder and is positioned at expeller on the output terminal of this discharging cylinder that this expeller can slippage on described tapping channel.
CN 201220719809 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Full-automatic bearing assembly machine CN203035779U (en)

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CN 201220719809 CN203035779U (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Full-automatic bearing assembly machine

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CN 201220719809 CN203035779U (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Full-automatic bearing assembly machine

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CN203035779U true CN203035779U (en) 2013-07-03

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103738711A (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-04-23 柳州杰诺瑞汽车电器系统制造有限公司 Automatic feeding device of bearing
CN104110443A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-22 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Ball adding mechanism for bearing
CN104110442A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-22 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Double-groove fitting mechanism
CN104551662A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-04-29 苏州鸿普精密模具有限公司 Vertical iron case feed rack of assembly machine for iron cases for automobile condenser
CN104989736A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-21 嘉兴市亚杰金塑制品有限公司 Automatic ball-loading oiling assembling machine of universal wheel rotating bearing seat
CN105290755A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-02-03 常山皮尔轴承有限公司 Automatic bearing press-fit machine and control system thereof
CN105643438A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-08 张家港巨盛数控设备科技有限公司 Automatic feeding mechanism for polishing equipment
CN103738711B (en) * 2014-01-10 2016-11-30 柳州杰诺瑞汽车电器系统制造有限公司 Bearing automatic feeding
CN106321663A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-11 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Separating device used for holding frame group
CN106337880A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-18 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Assembly compression structure of bearing assembly instrument
CN106523536A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-03-22 宁波致泰自动化装备有限公司 Full-automatic assembling machine for tapered roller bearing inner components
CN107363493A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-21 嘉善中正电子科技有限公司 One kind automation press-loading apparatus
CN109027018A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-18 嘉善安必兴精密机械有限公司 A kind of automatic assembling device of bearing
CN110842500A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-28 卓银杰 Rotary guide device based on bearing machining assembly line
CN111173849A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-05-19 嵊州潘辰机械科技有限公司 Bearing ball mounting equipment
CN111482789A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-08-04 於金亚 Automatic conveying and assembling equipment for workpieces
CN111496488A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-08-07 於金亚 Synchronous material conveying device for assembling two workpieces

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103738711A (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-04-23 柳州杰诺瑞汽车电器系统制造有限公司 Automatic feeding device of bearing
CN103738711B (en) * 2014-01-10 2016-11-30 柳州杰诺瑞汽车电器系统制造有限公司 Bearing automatic feeding
CN104110443A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-22 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Ball adding mechanism for bearing
CN104110442A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-22 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Double-groove fitting mechanism
CN104110443B (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-08-17 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 A kind of bearing ball adding mechanism
CN104110442B (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-08-17 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 A kind of Shuan Gou trap mechanism
CN104551662A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-04-29 苏州鸿普精密模具有限公司 Vertical iron case feed rack of assembly machine for iron cases for automobile condenser
CN104989736A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-21 嘉兴市亚杰金塑制品有限公司 Automatic ball-loading oiling assembling machine of universal wheel rotating bearing seat
CN104989736B (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-05-31 嘉兴市亚杰金塑制品有限公司 A kind of universal wheel rotary shaft bearing adds pearl oiling automatic assembling
CN105290755A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-02-03 常山皮尔轴承有限公司 Automatic bearing press-fit machine and control system thereof
CN105643438B (en) * 2016-04-01 2018-05-08 张家港巨盛数控设备科技有限公司 A kind of automatic feed mechanism of polissoir
CN105643438A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-08 张家港巨盛数控设备科技有限公司 Automatic feeding mechanism for polishing equipment
CN106337880A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-18 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Assembly compression structure of bearing assembly instrument
CN106321663A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-11 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 Separating device used for holding frame group
CN106337880B (en) * 2016-09-23 2018-08-28 无锡双益精密机械有限公司 The trap compressing structure of bearing fitting instrument
CN106523536B (en) * 2016-12-29 2018-10-19 宁波致泰自动化装备有限公司 A kind of taper roll bearing inner assembly full automatic assembly machine
CN106523536A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-03-22 宁波致泰自动化装备有限公司 Full-automatic assembling machine for tapered roller bearing inner components
CN107363493A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-21 嘉善中正电子科技有限公司 One kind automation press-loading apparatus
CN109027018A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-18 嘉善安必兴精密机械有限公司 A kind of automatic assembling device of bearing
CN109027018B (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-11-15 嘉善安必兴精密机械有限公司 A kind of automatic assembling device of bearing
CN110842500A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-28 卓银杰 Rotary guide device based on bearing machining assembly line
CN110842500B (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-12-01 山东中天盛科自动化设备有限公司 Rotary guide device based on bearing machining assembly line
CN111173849A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-05-19 嵊州潘辰机械科技有限公司 Bearing ball mounting equipment
CN111482789A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-08-04 於金亚 Automatic conveying and assembling equipment for workpieces
CN111496488A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-08-07 於金亚 Synchronous material conveying device for assembling two workpieces

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