CN106518417A - Biological organic fertilizer for promoting high yield of red pitaya and preparing method thereof - Google Patents

Biological organic fertilizer for promoting high yield of red pitaya and preparing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106518417A
CN106518417A CN201611044660.5A CN201611044660A CN106518417A CN 106518417 A CN106518417 A CN 106518417A CN 201611044660 A CN201611044660 A CN 201611044660A CN 106518417 A CN106518417 A CN 106518417A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
high yield
matrix
organic fertilizer
liquid manure
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Inventor
梁武才
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Generale County Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd En Min Ste
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Generale County Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd En Min Ste
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Priority to CN201611044660.5A priority Critical patent/CN106518417A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of planting, in particular to a biological organic fertilizer for promoting the high yield of red pitaya and a preparing method thereof. The biological organic fertilizer comprises a matrix material, an organic liquid fertilizer and microelements, wherein the matrix material consists of river sand, wood chips, Chinese medicine dregs, tea bran, straws, sunflower seed husk powder, bone powder and plant ash; the organic liquid fertilizer is prepared by retting a clay base material, vermiculite, waste plant fresh leaves, animal excrement, bagasse, waste fruit peel, turfy soil, white sugar, seaweed, slags, selenium sulfate and calcium carbonate; and the microelements consist of calcium ammonium nitrate, monopotassium phosphate, phosphorite powder, borax and zinc sulfate. First, the matrix material is spread on the ground, and then, the organic liquid fertilizer which is ret and well prepared is poured. The wastes are changed into the valuable. Sufficient fertilizer power is provided for pitaya trees, and root burnt and root rot cannot be caused. The organic fertilizer has water draining capability and cannot ret the roots of the pitaya trees, so that the pitaya trees have great growth environment. Therefore, the purposes of high yield and stable yield are achieved.

Description

A kind of biological organic fertilizer for promoting red heart dragon fruit high yield and preparation method thereof
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to planting technology field, more particularly to a kind of biological organic fertilizer for promoting red heart dragon fruit high yield and its Preparation method.
【Background technology】
Dragon fruit is tropical plants, and light shade tolerant, heat-resisting drought-enduring, happiness fertilizer are resistance to lean, and its stem is attached on rock and can also grow, and plants Thing strain wind resistance power is extremely strong, as long as support firmly can be Anti-Typhoon, dragon fruit can be adapted to various soil properties, level land, paddy field, hillside or Nonirrigated farmland can be cultivated, and extensively can plant in Guangxi province, and dragon fruit has stronger disease resistance, belong to Cactaceae, vitality compared with For tanacity, but as the branch of dragon fruit is more abundant, washiness, root are shallow, be often easy to it is infected rot, together When, due to improper fertilization, fertility surplus will cause dragon fruit burn root, rotten, note in manure use, particularly liquid manure Draining be it is requisite, therefore, to solve when dragon fruit is planted:(1) fertility is too high, improper fertilization, can cause dragon fruit Burn root, rotten;(2) when using organic liquid manure, formula is reasonable, notes draining, and holding root can also while having enough fertility The ventilative growth for being dried and promoting flue fruit tree is played, plays a part of volume increase.
【The content of the invention】
In view of the above, it is necessary to provide a kind of biological organic fertilizer for promoting red heart dragon fruit high yield and its preparation side Method, can reach to make dragon fruit burn root, rotten, fertilizer conservation draining, promote the growth of flue fruit tree, play the purpose of volume increase.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of biological organic fertilizer for promoting red heart dragon fruit high yield, including matrix, fertilizer liquid manure and trace element, it is described The component of matrix takes from the composition with the following group:
(1) wood chip of the river sand and 10wt%-20wt% of 20wt%-30wt%;
(2) auxiliary material 0-20wt% constituted by the following substances:
Chinese medicine residue, tea bran, rice straw, certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, bone meal, plant ash;
Organic liquid manure is made up of following components mixing retting:
(1) the bed material mud and the vermiculite of 5wt%-10wt% of 5wt%-10wt%;
(2) bed material 0-30wt% constituted by the following substances:
Discarded plant fresh leaf, animal wastes, bagasse, discarded fruit peel, turfy soil;
(3) additive 0-5wt% constituted by the following substances:
White sugar, marine alga, slag, Selenium Sulphate, calcium carbonate;
The trace element is comprising at least following component of 2 kinds of 0-50wt%:
Calcium ammonium nitrate, potassium phosphate,monobasic, ground phosphate rock, borax, zinc sulfate;
Further, the matrix includes at least 4 kinds, preferably at least 5 kinds auxiliary materials.
Further, organic liquid manure includes at least 3 kinds, preferably at least 4 kinds bed materials;Comprising at least 3 kinds, preferably at least 4 kinds of additives.
Further, the preparation method of the bed material mud comprises the steps:
(1) waste water and waste residue mixture that alcohol processing is produced obtains Distillers' grains through centrifugation, after separating;
(2) Distillers' grains carry out anaerobic reaction in anaerobic jar with anaerobe, carry out in aeration tank with aerobic microbiological afterwards Aerobic reaction, then carry out filtering, squeeze and obtain bed material mud, bed material muddy water is divided into 5%-12%.
Further, this programme also includes the preparation method for promoting red heart dragon fruit high yield biological organic fertilizer, methods described Comprise the steps:
(1) wood chip and auxiliary material for weighing matrix by the weight proportion carry out mixing, crush, sieve after mix with river sand, It is laid in after stirring on the soil for needing plantation;
(2) bed material mud, vermiculite, bed material and the additive that organic liquid manure is weighed by the weight proportion is cheated in fertilizer retting Carry out retting, be filtrated to get organic liquid manure;Retting temperature is 22 DEG C -30 DEG C, and the retting time is -30 days 20 days;
(3) add micro- and isopyknic water to the organic liquid manure of step (2), be sufficiently stirred for, mix after spray Biological organic fertilizer is obtained in matrix;The relative humidity of matrix is 40%-50%, and the addition of trace element is organic liquid manure weight 2%-5%.
Further, the addition of step (1) matrix is every mu of 2000-2500kg.
Further, it is characterised in that the step (1) sieve process screen cloth size be 300-400 mesh.
The present invention has the advantages that:
1st, of the invention before being applied fertilizer to flue fruit tree using liquid manure, first tile one layer of substrate material, and the bed material is mainly It is base-material by river sand, both hydrophobic, water guide materials of wood chip, while also Chinese medicine residue, tea bran, rice straw, certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, bone meal These lyophobic dusts with fertility are auxiliary material with plant ash, wherein, Chinese medicine residue, tea bran, rice straw, certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, bone meal All it is natural organic matter with plant ash, wherein the growth of flue fruit tree can be accelerated containing abundant N, P, K, but, auxiliary material The growth of the inadequate flue fruit tree of fertility, if addition is excessive, substrate material is blocked up to cause flue fruit tree floating root, root system arrive Up to soil, it will cause flue fruit tree lodging tolerance not strong, trophicity is inadequate, and matrix is more loose, and moisture is difficult to protect Deposit, therefore, inventor's research finds, can reach enhancing matrix fertility, while also ensuring that matrix exists by adding liquid manure In the case that fertility is enough, it is ensured that suitable thickness, organic liquid manure of invention is by organic matter retting, obtained by filtering, macerates The bed material mud added during system is anaerobic reaction of the Distillers' grains through anaerobe, after the aerobic reaction of aerobic microbiological The waste material for filtering, squeezing, can not only play a part of energy-conserving and environment-protective using the waste material, and, Distillers' grains are through microbiological treatment Afterwards containing abundant organic matter and beneficial bacterium, in the sweat of fertilizer than conventional use of EM bacterium solutions ferment effect more preferably Play a part of to provide bacterial classification, meanwhile, also by adding vermiculite ensureing to have foot during organic fertilizer fermentation in organic liquid manure Enough ventilation rates, the bed material of fertility is mainly by discarded plant fresh leaf, animal wastes, bagasse, discarded fruit peel and turfy soil Composition, these are all natural organic matters, can provide enough nutrients for fertilizer, meanwhile, invention is also added by white sugar, sea Algae, slag, Selenium Sulphate, the additive of calcium carbonate composition, it is ensured that the beneficial bacterium of fertilizer is in micro unit necessary to sweat Element;After fertilizer is filtered, invention also added the trace element that can promote dragon fruit fruit tree growth:Calcium ammonium nitrate, phosphoric acid one Hydrogen potassium, ground phosphate rock, borax, zinc sulfate.By above-mentioned means, present invention achieves utilization waste material that can be environmentally friendly, economic, becomes useless For treasured, while enough fertility can also be provided for flue fruit tree, do not result in burning root, rotten, have drainability, rotten fire will not be macerated The fertilizer of the root of imperial fruit, has good growing environment so as to reach flue fruit tree, so as to reach the purpose of high yield, stable yields.
【Specific embodiment】
All features disclosed in this specification, or disclosed all methods or during the step of, except mutually exclusive Feature and/or step beyond, can combine by any way.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including any accessory claim, summary), unless specifically stated otherwise, each Feature is an example in a series of equivalent or similar characteristics.
Embodiment 1:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 20wt%, the wood chip of 10wt%, 20wt% Chinese medicine residues, 20wt% tea brans, 20wt% rice straws, 10wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder.
(2) organic liquid manure component:The vermiculite of the bed material mud and 5wt% of 5wt%, 30wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 30wt% animal wastes, 15wt% bagasse, 5wt% white sugar, 5wt% marine algas, 5wt% slags.
(3) micro- component:50wt% calcium ammonium nitrates, 50wt% potassium phosphate,monobasics.
(4) preparation method of bed material mud:
The waste water and waste residue mixture that A, alcohol processing are produced obtains Distillers' grains through centrifugation, after separating;
B, Distillers' grains and anaerobe carry out anaerobic reaction in anaerobic jar, enter to act charitably in aeration tank with aerobic microbiological afterwards Oxygen reacts, then carries out filtering, squeezes and obtain bed material mud, and bed material muddy water is divided into 5%.
(5) processing method of fertilizer:
A, the wood chip and auxiliary material for weighing matrix by the weight proportion carry out mixing, crush, sieve after mix with river sand, stir It is laid in after mixing uniformly on the soil for needing plantation;The size of screen cloth is 300 mesh;The addition of matrix is every mu of 2000kg;
B, bed material mud, vermiculite, bed material and the additive of organic liquid manure are weighed by the weight proportion cheat in fertilizer retting Carry out retting, be filtrated to get organic liquid manure;Retting temperature is 22 DEG C, and the retting time is 20 days;
C, add micro- and isopyknic water in organic liquid manure, be sufficiently stirred for, mix after spray in matrix To biological organic fertilizer;The relative humidity of matrix is 40%, and the addition of trace element is the 2% of organic liquid manure weight.
Embodiment 2:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 30wt%, the wood chip of 20wt%, 5wt% rice straws, 5wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 20wt% bone meal, 20wt% plant ash.
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 10wt%, the vermiculite of 10wt%, 8wt% bagasse, 30wt% waste waters Pericarp, 30wt% turfy soils, 2wt% slags, 5wt% Selenium Sulphates, 5wt% calcium carbonate.
(3) micro- component:50wt% ground phosphate rock, 50wt% boraxs.
Bed material mud is identical with embodiment 1 with the preparation method of fertilizer.
Embodiment 3:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 25wt%, the wood chip of 15wt%, 15wt% Chinese medicine residues, 15wt% tea brans, 15wt% rice straws, 5wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 10wt% bone meal.
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 8wt%, the vermiculite of 8wt%, 26wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 18wt% Animal wastes, 15wt% bagasse, 10wt% discarded fruit peel, 4wt% white sugar, 4wt% marine algas, 4wt% slags, 3wt% sulphur Sour selenium.
(3) micro- component:0-50wt% boraxs, 0-50wt% zinc sulfate
Bed material mud is identical with embodiment 1 with the preparation method of fertilizer.
Embodiment 4:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 17wt%, the wood chip of 13wt%, 18wt% Chinese medicine residues, 18wt% tea brans, 18wt% rice straws, 10wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 6wt% plant ash.
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 8wt%, the vermiculite of 7wt%, 15wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 28wt% Animal wastes, 13wt% discarded fruit peel, 19wt% turfy soils, 3wt% white sugar, 4wt% marine algas, 2wt% Selenium Sulphates, 1wt% Calcium carbonate.
(3) micro- component:14wt% calcium ammonium nitrates, 48wt% potassium phosphate,monobasics, 38wt% ground phosphate rock.
(4) preparation method of bed material mud:
The waste water and waste residue mixture that A, alcohol processing are produced obtains Distillers' grains through centrifugation, after separating;
B, Distillers' grains and anaerobe carry out anaerobic reaction in anaerobic jar, enter to act charitably in aeration tank with aerobic microbiological afterwards Oxygen reacts, then carries out filtering, squeezes and obtain bed material mud, and bed material muddy water is divided into 12%.
(5) processing method of fertilizer:
A, the wood chip and auxiliary material for weighing matrix by the weight proportion carry out mixing, crush, sieve after mix with river sand, stir It is laid in after mixing uniformly on the soil for needing plantation;The size of screen cloth is 400 mesh;The addition of matrix is every mu of 2500kg;
B, bed material mud, vermiculite, bed material and the additive of organic liquid manure are weighed by the weight proportion cheat in fertilizer retting Carry out retting, be filtrated to get organic liquid manure;Retting temperature is 30 DEG C, and the retting time is 30 days;
C, add micro- and isopyknic water in organic liquid manure, be sufficiently stirred for, mix after spray in matrix To biological organic fertilizer;The relative humidity of matrix is 50%, and the addition of trace element is the 5% of organic liquid manure weight.
Embodiment 5:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 28wt%, the wood chip of 18wt%, 17wt% Chinese medicine residues, 6wt% tea brans, 14wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 9wt% bone meal, 8wt% plant ash;
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 8wt%, the vermiculite of 7wt%, 18wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 24wt% Animal wastes, 14wt% bagasse, 18wt% turfy soils, 3wt% white sugar, 2wt% marine algas, 2wt% slags, 4wt% calcium carbonate.
(3) micro- component:24wt% calcium ammonium nitrates, 33wt% potassium phosphate,monobasics, 36wt% ground phosphate rock, 7wt% boron Sand.
Bed material mud is identical with embodiment 4 with the preparation method of fertilizer.
Embodiment 6:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 27wt%, the wood chip of 16wt%, 11wt% tea brans, 12wt% rice straws, 16wt% Certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 8wt% bone meal, 10wt% plant ash
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 7wt%, the vermiculite of 8wt%, 27wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 20wt% Animal wastes, 14wt% discarded fruit peel, 17wt% turfy soils, 2wt% white sugar, 1wt% marine algas, 2wt% slags, 2wt% sulphur Sour selenium.
(3) micro- component:26wt% potassium phosphate,monobasics, 20wt% ground phosphate rock, 35wt% boraxs, 19wt% sulfuric acid Zinc.
Bed material mud is identical with embodiment 4 with the preparation method of fertilizer.
Embodiment 7:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 26wt%, the wood chip of 18wt%, 8wt% Chinese medicine residues, 5wt% rice straws, 13wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 16wt% bone meal, 14wt% plant ash.
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 9wt%, the vermiculite of 7wt%, 14wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 14wt% Animal wastes, 21wt% bagasse, 28wt% turfy soils, 1wt% white sugar, 2wt% marine algas, 3wt% slags, 1wt% calcium carbonate;
(3) micro- component:14wt% calcium ammonium nitrates, 22wt% ground phosphate rock, 34wt% boraxs, 30wt% zinc sulfate
(4) preparation method of bed material mud:
The waste water and waste residue mixture that A, alcohol processing are produced obtains Distillers' grains through centrifugation, after separating;
B, Distillers' grains and anaerobe carry out anaerobic reaction in anaerobic jar, enter to act charitably in aeration tank with aerobic microbiological afterwards Oxygen reacts, then carries out filtering, squeezes and obtain bed material mud, and bed material muddy water is divided into 8%.
(5) processing method of fertilizer:
A, the wood chip and auxiliary material for weighing matrix by the weight proportion carry out mixing, crush, sieve after mix with river sand, stir It is laid in after mixing uniformly on the soil for needing plantation;The size of screen cloth is 350 mesh;The addition of matrix is every mu of 2300kg;
B, bed material mud, vermiculite, bed material and the additive of organic liquid manure are weighed by the weight proportion cheat in fertilizer retting Carry out retting, be filtrated to get organic liquid manure;Retting temperature is 28 DEG C, and the retting time is 25 days;
C, add micro- and isopyknic water in organic liquid manure, be sufficiently stirred for, mix after spray in matrix To biological organic fertilizer;The relative humidity of matrix is 45%, and the addition of trace element is the 3% of organic liquid manure weight.
Embodiment 8:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 24wt%, the wood chip of 17wt%, 10wt% Chinese medicine residues, 16wt% tea brans, 3wt% rice straws, 17wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 8wt% bone meal, 4wt% plant ash.
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 6wt%, the vermiculite of 9wt%, 18wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 19wt% Animal wastes, 21wt% bagasse, 12wt% discarded fruit peel, 5wt% turfy soils, 3wt% white sugar, 1wt% marine algas, 1wt% Slag, 2wt% Selenium Sulphates, 3wt% calcium carbonate.
(3) micro- component:16wt% calcium ammonium nitrates, 18wt% potassium phosphate,monobasics, 32wt% ground phosphate rock, 21wt% boron Sand, 13wt% zinc sulfate
Bed material mud is identical with embodiment 7 with the preparation method of fertilizer.
Embodiment 9:
(1) component of matrix:The river sand of 27wt%, the wood chip of 10wt%, 14wt% Chinese medicine residues, 10wt% tea brans, 7wt% rice straws, 9wt% certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, 10wt% bone meal, 13wt% plant ash.
(2) organic liquid manure component:The bed material mud of 7wt%, the vermiculite of 6wt%, 14wt% discarded plant fresh leaf, 12wt% Animal wastes, 13wt% bagasse, 12wt% discarded fruit peel, 16wt% turfy soils, 4wt% white sugar, 4wt% marine algas, 4wt% Slag, 4wt% Selenium Sulphates, 4wt% calcium carbonate.
(3) micro- component:20wt% calcium ammonium nitrates, 20wt% potassium phosphate,monobasics, 20wt% ground phosphate rock, 20wt% boron Sand, 20wt% zinc sulfate.
Bed material mud is identical with embodiment 7 with the preparation method of fertilizer.
Control group 1:
Preparation method of organic fertilizer according to embodiment 1 prepares fertilizer, but matrix only selects river sand and wood chip, Er Qiehe The weight ratio of husky and wood chip is 2:1.
Control group 2:
Preparation method of organic fertilizer according to embodiment 1 prepares fertilizer, but 3 kinds of auxiliary materials are only included in matrix, i.e.,:Chinese medicine Residue, tea bran and rice straw, and the weight ratio of Chinese medicine residue, tea bran and rice straw is 1:1:1;Organic liquid manure only includes at least 2 kinds 2 kinds of additives of bed material, i.e.,:Discarded plant fresh leaf, animal wastes, white sugar and marine alga;And it is plant fresh leaf, animal wastes, white The weight ratio of sugar and marine alga is 1:1:1:1.
Control group 3:
The golden certain herbaceous plants with big flowers board fertilizer of purchase is carried out configuring, is applied fertilizer according to its specification.
Checking test:
Fruit tree is applied fertilizer according to embodiment 1-9 and control group 1-3, each test example is applied fertilizer 1 mu, after fruit maturation, Per mu yield and single fruit weight are calculated, concrete condition is shown in Table 1:
1 dragon fruit yield of table, the single fruit quality table of comparisons:
From upper table data, the yield and single fruit weight of embodiment 1-9 is apparently higher than control group 1 and control group 2, control group 1st, 2 yield and single fruit weight are apparently higher than blank control group 3, it was demonstrated that, had with commercially available using the biological organic fertilizer of present invention production Machine fertilizer is compared, and can effectively improve the yield of dragon fruit, while central auxiliary material is 3 kinds;In organic liquid manure, bed material is 2 kinds, addition When agent is 2 kinds, effect is not enough invented the matrix pointed out and includes at least 4 kinds, preferably at least 5 kinds auxiliary materials;Organic liquid manure includes at least 3 Kind, preferably at least 4 kinds bed materials;Comprising at least 3 kinds, the preferably at least effect of 4 kinds of additives is good.
In sum, the yield of dragon fruit can be effectively improved using the fertilizer of the formula production of the present invention, is produced good Economic benefit.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and its description is more concrete and detailed, but and Therefore limitation of the scope of the invention can not be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, Without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some deformations and improvement can also be made, these belong to the protection model of the present invention Enclose.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be defined by claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of biological organic fertilizer for promoting red heart dragon fruit high yield, including matrix, fertilizer liquid manure and trace element, its feature It is that the component of the matrix takes from the composition with the following group:
(1) wood chip of the river sand and 10wt%-20wt% of 20wt%-30wt%;
(2) auxiliary material 0-20wt% constituted by the following substances:
Chinese medicine residue, tea bran, rice straw, certain herbaceous plants with big flowers seed shell powder, bone meal, plant ash;
Organic liquid manure is made up of following components mixing retting:
(1) the bed material mud and the vermiculite of 5wt%-10wt% of 5wt%-10wt%;
(2) bed material 0-30wt% constituted by the following substances:
Discarded plant fresh leaf, animal wastes, bagasse, discarded fruit peel, turfy soil;
(3) additive 0-5wt% constituted by the following substances:
White sugar, marine alga, slag, Selenium Sulphate, calcium carbonate;
The trace element is comprising at least following component of 2 kinds of 0-50wt%:
Calcium ammonium nitrate, potassium phosphate,monobasic, ground phosphate rock, borax, zinc sulfate.
2. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of promote red heart dragon fruit high yield biological organic fertilizer, it is characterised in that the base Matter includes at least 4 kinds, preferably at least 5 kinds auxiliary materials.
3. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of promote red heart dragon fruit high yield biological organic fertilizer, it is characterised in that it is described to have Machine water and fertilizer packet contains at least 3 kinds, preferably at least 4 kinds bed materials;Comprising at least 3 kinds, preferably at least 4 kinds additives.
4. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of promote red heart dragon fruit high yield biological organic fertilizer, it is characterised in that the bottom The preparation method of material mud comprises the steps:
(1) waste water and waste residue mixture that alcohol processing is produced obtains Distillers' grains through centrifugation, after separating;
(2) Distillers' grains carry out anaerobic reaction in anaerobic jar with anaerobe, carry out in aeration tank with aerobic microbiological afterwards aerobic Reaction, then carry out filtering, squeeze and obtain bed material mud, bed material muddy water is divided into 5%-12%.
5. described in claim 1-5 any one promotion red heart dragon fruit high yield biological organic fertilizer preparation method, its feature It is that methods described comprises the steps:
(1) wood chip and auxiliary material for weighing matrix by the weight proportion carry out mixing, crush, sieve after mix with river sand, stir It is laid in after uniform on the soil for needing plantation;
(2) bed material mud, vermiculite, bed material and the additive that organic liquid manure is weighed by the weight proportion is carried out in fertilizer retting hole Retting, it is filtrated to get organic liquid manure;Retting temperature is 22 DEG C -30 DEG C, and the retting time is -30 days 20 days;
(3) add micro- and isopyknic water to the organic liquid manure of step (2), be sufficiently stirred for, mix after spray in matrix On obtain biological organic fertilizer;The relative humidity of matrix is 40%-50%, and the addition of trace element is organic liquid manure weight 2%-5%.
6. the preparation method of red heart dragon fruit high yield biological organic fertilizer is promoted according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described The addition of step (1) matrix is every mu of 2000-2500kg.
7. the preparation method of red heart dragon fruit high yield biological organic fertilizer is promoted according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described Step (1) sieve process screen cloth size be 300-400 mesh.
CN201611044660.5A 2016-11-24 2016-11-24 Biological organic fertilizer for promoting high yield of red pitaya and preparing method thereof Pending CN106518417A (en)

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CN107439197A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-08 阆中市优果鲜农业发展有限公司 A kind of efficient high yield cultivating method of red heart dragon fruit
CN107641052A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-01-30 习水县三水田园现代农业有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit plantation organic fertilizer and its processing method
CN108243902A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-06 平南县正达农业发展有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit cuttage soil and preparation method thereof
WO2019036876A1 (en) * 2017-08-22 2019-02-28 刘红 Organic fertilizer for pitaya in fruiting season and preparation method therefor
CN110922256A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-03-27 广西金穗生态科技股份有限公司 Special insect-preventing sugar-increasing fertilizer for pitaya as well as preparation method and application of special insect-preventing sugar-increasing fertilizer

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CN107006291A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-04 张维秀 A kind of dragon fruit cutting medium and its preparation technology
CN107235809A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-10-10 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of Efficient universal organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
WO2019036876A1 (en) * 2017-08-22 2019-02-28 刘红 Organic fertilizer for pitaya in fruiting season and preparation method therefor
CN107439197A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-08 阆中市优果鲜农业发展有限公司 A kind of efficient high yield cultivating method of red heart dragon fruit
CN107641052A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-01-30 习水县三水田园现代农业有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit plantation organic fertilizer and its processing method
CN108243902A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-06 平南县正达农业发展有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit cuttage soil and preparation method thereof
CN110922256A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-03-27 广西金穗生态科技股份有限公司 Special insect-preventing sugar-increasing fertilizer for pitaya as well as preparation method and application of special insect-preventing sugar-increasing fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20170322