CN104844343A - Ecological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Ecological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104844343A
CN104844343A CN201510185483.1A CN201510185483A CN104844343A CN 104844343 A CN104844343 A CN 104844343A CN 201510185483 A CN201510185483 A CN 201510185483A CN 104844343 A CN104844343 A CN 104844343A
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ecological organic
organic fertilier
nutrilite
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邹健
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邹健
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse
    • Y02W30/43Aerobic fermentation, e.g. composting

Abstract

The invention relates to an ecological organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof, which belongs to the technical field of preparation of the ecological organic composite fertilizer. The method comprises the following steps: 1)weighting a base material and a nutrition material of the ecological organic fertilizer according to weight parts, wherein the base material comprises peat, poultry dung, bean dregs, wheat bran, alfalfa powder, oil cake, 25-40 parts of sugarcane branch and vinasse; the nutrition material comprises composite bacterial classification, urea, potassium ore powder, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride, calcium chloride, natural potash magnesium sulphate, vermiculite powder, kaolin, slaked lime, borax, sodium tripolyphosphate, a silane coupling agent KH550, sodium selenite, white copperas zinc sulfate, ferrous sulphate and a proper amount of water; 2)preparing the base material; 3)preparing the nutrition material; 4)performing secondary fermentation; and 5)drying and granulating. The preparation method of the present invention is simple and easy to popularize, the crops are easily absorbed, fertilizer efficiency time is long, short/long-term nutrient requirements of plants can be completely satisfied, and plant quality can be effectively improved.

Description

A kind of ecological organic fertilier and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to Ecological organic composite fertilizer manufacturing technology field, be specifically related to a kind of ecological organic fertilier and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Common saying is said: " plant ground not apply manure to the fields, blind loafing around entirely, banker flower, complete in fertile main ", describe the vital role of fertilizer in plant growing process, because a large amount of productions of chemical fertilizer raid market, farm manure consumption is fewer and feweri, what have does not even use, also be the use that have ignored farm manure because fertilizer application gets more and more, a large amount of uses of chemical fertilizer finally result in soil compaction, the gas permeability of soil is poor, poor water retention property, the soil organism declines, thus the insect in soil is obviously increased, disease is more and more serious, the quality of farm crop also constantly declines, meanwhile, also cause agricultural sources blowdown serious, water resource pollution and heavy metal contamination etc., the Sustainable development of chemical fertilizer to agricultural forms stern challenge,

Therefore, the applicating ratio of strict control chemical fertilizer, a large amount of promotion uses the Eco-fertilizers such as muck, compost or fertilizer to replace chemical fertilizer, improve soil organic matter content, change Agriculture Production Modes, strengthen the application of ecological fertilizer, thus promote the development of China's agricultural, the agricultural modernization of development low-carbon high-efficiency becomes the task of top priority.The nutrient composition content of current fertilizer is low, and fertilizer efficiency is slow, and the crops quality used is not high.

Summary of the invention:

The object of this reality invention is: provide a kind of ecological organic fertilier and preparation method thereof for above-mentioned Problems existing, and the object of this reality invention, for solving the problem, is realized by following technical measures,

A kind of ecological organic fertilier, it is characterized in that, described ecological organic fertilier is made up of base-material and nutrilite, and described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: peat 40-80 part, brid guano 80-160 part, bean dregs 20-30 part, wheat bran 18-36 part, alfalfa meal 12-24 part, oil meal 15-30 part, sugarcane branch 25-40 part, vinasse 10-20 part;

Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 3-8 part, urea 8-15 part, potassium breeze 10-16 part, ground phosphate rock 12-18 part, calcium chloride account for 10-15 part, puritan filler potassium magnesium 8-15 part, vermiculite power 5-12 part, kaolin 6-15 part, white lime 3-8 part, borax 3-6 part, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 2-5 part, Silane coupling agent KH550 2-5 part, Sodium Selenite 1-5 part, zinc sulfate 2-6 part, sulfurous acid iron 2-6 part, and water is appropriate.

Preferably, described ecological organic fertilier is made up of base-material and nutrilite, and described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: 60 parts, peat, brid guano 120 parts, bean dregs 25,25 parts, wheat bran, alfalfa meal 18 parts, oil meal 28 parts, 35 parts, sugarcane branch, 16 parts, vinasse;

Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 6 parts, 13 parts, urea, potassium breeze 13 parts, 15 parts, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride account for 12 parts, 10 parts, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power 8 parts, kaolin 12 parts, white lime 5 parts, borax 5 parts, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 4 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550 4 parts, Sodium Selenite 3 parts, 4 parts, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron 4 parts, water is appropriate.

Preferably, described composite bacteria be somatomedin, lactobacillus, yeast flora, photosynthetic bacteria group, fermentation be one or more mixtures in thread fungus, aspergillus niger, subtilis, plant lactobacillus or Bacillus licheniformis high active enzyme.

Preferably, described oil meal is a kind of in tea seed grouts, rapeseed cake dregs, Oleum Verniciae fordii grouts, soybean cake dregs or their mixture.

Preferably, described animal dung is a kind of in chicken manure, sheep excrement, duck excrement or Oletum Columba livia or their mixture.

A preparation method for ecological organic fertilier, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:

(1) take by weight ecological organic fertilier by base-material and nutrilite, described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: peat 40-80 part, brid guano 80-160 part, bean dregs 20-30 part, wheat bran 18-36 part, alfalfa meal 12-24 part, oil meal 15-30 part, sugarcane branch 25-40 part, vinasse 10-20 part;

Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 3-8 part, urea 8-15 part, potassium breeze 10-16 part, ground phosphate rock 12-18 part, calcium chloride account for 10-15 part, puritan filler potassium magnesium 8-15 part, vermiculite power 5-12 part, kaolin 6-15 part, white lime 3-8 part, borax 3-6 part, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 2-5 part, Silane coupling agent KH550 2-5 part, Sodium Selenite 1-5 part, zinc sulfate 2-6 part, sulfurous acid iron 2-6 part, and water is appropriate;

(2) preparation of base-material: peat, brid guano, bean dregs, wheat bran, alfalfa meal, oil meal, vinasse, brid guano are dried respectively pulverizing granulation and then mix, then the sugarcane branch particle mixing adding fresh pulverizing is fermented;

(3) preparation of nutrilite: urea, potassium breeze, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power, kaolin, white lime, borax, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, Silane coupling agent KH550, Sodium Selenite, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron carry out mixing granulation to 80-100 order fineness, and regulate water content to 40-50%, potential of hydrogen 5.4-6.8;

(4) Secondary Fermentation: after water is mixed with composite bacteria, to add in nutrilite prepared by step (3) after mixing, add mixing in base-material prepared by step (2) again and carry out Secondary Fermentation 7-14 days, leavening temperature is 35-45 DEG C, namely obtains ecological organic fertilier;

(5) oven dry and granulation: the Eco Battalion during step (2) is obtained fats up and carries out drying and dewatering to 35-40%, then carries out granulation to 60-80 order fineness.

Preferably, described step (2) pulverizes the particle of granulation to 40-60 order fineness, and fermentation time is 10-15 days, and leavening temperature is 28-35 DEG C.

Preferably, described step (4) water and composite bacteria mass ratio are 1:18-35

In sum, technique effect of the present invention is mainly reflected in:

(1) preparation method of the present invention is simply easy to promote, and farm crop are easy to absorb, and the fertilizer efficiency time remaining time is long, and fertilizer application is extensive, meets the short long-term nutrient demand of plant completely, and effectively can improve the quality of plant; Strengthen green manure feeder capability and the surge capability of soil in addition, good edaphic condition is created in the growth for crop.

(2) preparation method of the present invention, having turns waste into wealth, fully utilizes, afforests the Nature, environment purification, is conducive to the eucyclic advantage of sustainable agriculture, use ecological organic fertilier of the present invention and make crop and fruits and vegetables increasing both production and income, quality improves, and is suitable for farm crop and uses as base fertilizer and daily topdressing.

Embodiment:

Be clearly and completely described technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with specific embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Embodiment 1:

A preparation method for ecological organic fertilier, comprises the following steps:

(1) take by weight ecological organic fertilier by base-material and nutrilite, described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: 40 parts, peat, brid guano 80 parts, 20 parts, bean dregs, 18 parts, wheat bran, alfalfa meal 12 parts, oil meal 15 parts, 25 parts, sugarcane branch, 10 parts, vinasse;

Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 3 parts, 8 parts, urea, potassium breeze 10 parts, 12 parts, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride account for 10 parts, 8 parts, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power 5 parts, kaolin 6 parts, white lime 3 parts, borax 3 parts, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 2 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550 2 parts, Sodium Selenite 1 part, 2 parts, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron 2 parts, water is appropriate;

(2) preparation of base-material: peat, brid guano, bean dregs, wheat bran, alfalfa meal, oil meal, vinasse, brid guano are dried respectively pulverizing granulation and then mix, the sugarcane branch particle mixing adding fresh pulverizing is again fermented, wherein pulverize the particle of granulation to 40-60 order fineness, fermentation time is 10 days, and leavening temperature is 35 DEG C;

(3) preparation of nutrilite: urea, potassium breeze, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power, kaolin, white lime, borax, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, Silane coupling agent KH550, Sodium Selenite, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron carry out mixing granulation to 80-100 order fineness, and regulate water content to 40-50%, potential of hydrogen 5.4-6.8;

(4) Secondary Fermentation: after water is mixed with composite bacteria, to add in nutrilite prepared by step (3) after mixing, add mixing in base-material prepared by step (2) again and carry out Secondary Fermentation 7 days, leavening temperature is 35-45 DEG C, namely obtains ecological organic fertilier; Wherein water and composite bacteria mass ratio are 1:18;

(5) oven dry and granulation: the Eco Battalion during step (3) is obtained fats up and carries out drying and dewatering to 35-40%, then carries out granulation to 60-80 order fineness.

The test method of embodiments of the invention: test as a control group with the common Hefei that certain enterprise produces in this test, with every mu of fertilising gauge, the Common compound fertilizer of ecological organic fertilizer of the present invention and control group is planted oranges and tangerines and capsicum, its flowering rate and fruiting rate exceed 6% than the flowering rate of control group and fruiting rate, per mu yield exceeds control group 5%, that uses the selenium content selenium of ecological organic fertilier of the present invention plantation oranges and tangerines and capsicum after testing is respectively 42ug/kg and 40ug/kg, and the selenium content of the Common compound fertilizer of control group is difference 20ug/kg and 23ug/kg, and the oranges and tangerines of ecological organic fertilier plantation of the present invention and capsicum, its full of leaves disease and pest is low, fruit quality is high, ripe long fast, results in advance, the time length of fertilizer efficiency is also longer.

Embodiment 2:

A preparation method for ecological organic fertilier, comprises the following steps:

(1) take by weight ecological organic fertilier by base-material and nutrilite, described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: 80 parts, peat, brid guano 160 parts, 30 parts, bean dregs, 36 parts, wheat bran, alfalfa meal 24 parts, oil meal 30 parts, 40 parts, sugarcane branch, 20 parts, vinasse;

Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 8 parts, 15 parts, urea, potassium breeze 16 parts, 18 parts, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride account for 15 parts, 15 parts, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power 12 parts, kaolin 15 parts, white lime 8 parts, borax 6 parts, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 5 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550 5 parts, Sodium Selenite 5 parts, 6 parts, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron 6 parts, water is appropriate;

(2) preparation of base-material: peat, brid guano, bean dregs, wheat bran, alfalfa meal, oil meal, vinasse, brid guano are dried respectively pulverizing granulation and then mix, the sugarcane branch particle mixing adding fresh pulverizing is again fermented, wherein pulverize the particle of granulation to 40-60 order fineness, fermentation time is 15 days, and leavening temperature is 28 DEG C;

(3) preparation of nutrilite: urea, potassium breeze, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power, kaolin, white lime, borax, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, Silane coupling agent KH550, Sodium Selenite, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron carry out mixing granulation to 80-100 order fineness, and regulate water content to 40-50%, potential of hydrogen 5.4-6.8;

(4) Secondary Fermentation: after water is mixed with composite bacteria, to add in nutrilite prepared by step (3) after mixing, add mixing in base-material prepared by step (2) again and carry out Secondary Fermentation 14 days, leavening temperature is 35 DEG C, namely obtains ecological organic fertilier; Wherein, water and composite bacteria mass ratio are 1:35;

(5) oven dry and granulation: the Eco Battalion during step (3) is obtained fats up and carries out drying and dewatering to 35-40%, then carries out granulation to 60-80 order fineness.

The test method of embodiments of the invention: test as a control group with the common Hefei that certain enterprise produces in this test, with every mu of fertilising gauge, the Common compound fertilizer of ecological organic fertilizer of the present invention and control group is planted oranges and tangerines and capsicum, its flowering rate and fruiting rate exceed 8% than the flowering rate of control group and fruiting rate, per mu yield exceeds control group 6%, that uses the selenium content selenium of ecological organic fertilier of the present invention plantation oranges and tangerines and capsicum after testing is respectively 46ug/kg and 43ug/kg, and the selenium content of the Common compound fertilizer of control group is difference 22ug/kg and 24ug/kg, and the oranges and tangerines of ecological organic fertilier plantation of the present invention and capsicum, its full of leaves disease and pest is low, fruit quality is high, ripe long fast, results in advance, the time length of fertilizer efficiency is also longer.

Embodiment 3:

A preparation method for ecological organic fertilier, comprises the following steps:

(1) take by weight ecological organic fertilier by base-material and nutrilite, described ecological organic fertilier is made up of base-material and nutrilite, and described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: 60 parts, peat, brid guano 120 parts, bean dregs 25,25 parts, wheat bran, alfalfa meal 18 parts, oil meal 28 parts, 35 parts, sugarcane branch, 16 parts, vinasse;

Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 6 parts, 13 parts, urea, potassium breeze 13 parts, 15 parts, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride account for 12 parts, 10 parts, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power 8 parts, kaolin 12 parts, white lime 5 parts, borax 5 parts, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 4 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550 4 parts, Sodium Selenite 3 parts, 4 parts, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron 4 parts, water is appropriate;

(2) preparation of base-material: peat, brid guano, bean dregs, wheat bran, alfalfa meal, oil meal, vinasse, brid guano are dried respectively pulverizing granulation and then mix; the sugarcane branch particle mixing adding fresh pulverizing is again fermented; wherein pulverize the particle of granulation to 40-60 order fineness; fermentation time is 15 days, and leavening temperature is 32 DEG C.

(3) preparation of nutrilite: urea, potassium breeze, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power, kaolin, white lime, borax, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, Silane coupling agent KH550, Sodium Selenite, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron carry out mixing granulation to 80-100 order fineness, and regulate water content to 40-50%, potential of hydrogen 5.4-6.8;

(4) Secondary Fermentation: after water is mixed with composite bacteria, water and composite bacteria mass ratio are 1:28, to add in nutrilite prepared by step (3) after mixing, add mixing in base-material prepared by step (2) again and carry out Secondary Fermentation 12 days, leavening temperature is 40 DEG C, namely obtains ecological organic fertilier;

(5) oven dry and granulation: the Eco Battalion during step (3) is obtained fats up and carries out drying and dewatering to 35-40%, then carries out granulation to 60-80 order fineness.

The test method of embodiments of the invention: test as a control group with the common Hefei that certain enterprise produces in this test, with every mu of fertilising gauge, the Common compound fertilizer of ecological organic fertilizer of the present invention and control group is planted oranges and tangerines and capsicum, its flowering rate and fruiting rate exceed 10% than the flowering rate of control group and fruiting rate, per mu yield exceeds control group 7%, the fertilizer efficiency time of ecological organic fertilier of the present invention is long, plant absorption is fast, pollution-free, that uses the selenium content selenium of ecological organic fertilier of the present invention plantation oranges and tangerines and capsicum after testing is respectively 50ug/kg and 45ug/kg, and the selenium content of the Common compound fertilizer of control group is difference 28ug/kg and 25ug/kg, and the oranges and tangerines of ecological organic fertilier plantation of the present invention and capsicum, its full of leaves disease and pest is low, fruit quality is high, ripe long fast, results in advance, the time length of fertilizer efficiency is also longer.

The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention and, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included in protection scope of the present invention it.

Claims (8)

1. an ecological organic fertilier, it is characterized in that, described ecological organic fertilier is made up of base-material and nutrilite, and described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: peat 40-80 part, brid guano 80-160 part, bean dregs 20-30 part, wheat bran 18-36 part, alfalfa meal 12-24 part, oil meal 15-30 part, sugarcane branch 25-40 part, vinasse 10-20 part;
Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 3-8 part, urea 8-15 part, potassium breeze 10-16 part, ground phosphate rock 12-18 part, calcium chloride account for 10-15 part, puritan filler potassium magnesium 8-15 part, vermiculite power 5-12 part, kaolin 6-15 part, white lime 3-8 part, borax 3-6 part, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 2-5 part, Silane coupling agent KH550 2-5 part, Sodium Selenite 1-5 part, zinc sulfate 2-6 part, sulfurous acid iron 2-6 part, and water is appropriate.
2. a kind of ecological organic fertilier according to claim 1, described ecological organic fertilier is made up of base-material and nutrilite, and described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: 60 parts, peat, brid guano 120 parts, bean dregs 25,25 parts, wheat bran, alfalfa meal 18 parts, oil meal 28 parts, 35 parts, sugarcane branch, 16 parts, vinasse;
Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 6 parts, 13 parts, urea, potassium breeze 13 parts, 15 parts, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride account for 12 parts, 10 parts, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power 8 parts, kaolin 12 parts, white lime 5 parts, borax 5 parts, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 4 parts, Silane coupling agent KH550 4 parts, Sodium Selenite 3 parts, 4 parts, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron 4 parts, water is appropriate.
3. a kind of ecological organic fertilier according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described composite bacteria be somatomedin, lactobacillus, yeast flora, photosynthetic bacteria group, fermentation be one or more mixtures in thread fungus, aspergillus niger, subtilis, plant lactobacillus or Bacillus licheniformis high active enzyme.
4. a kind of ecological organic fertilier according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described oil meal is a kind of in tea seed grouts, rapeseed cake dregs, Oleum Verniciae fordii grouts, soybean cake dregs or their mixture.
5. a kind of ecological organic fertilier according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described animal dung is a kind of in chicken manure, sheep excrement, duck excrement or Oletum Columba livia or their mixture.
6. a preparation method for ecological organic fertilier, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) take by weight ecological organic fertilier by base-material and nutrilite, described base-material is formed by the preparation of raw material of following weight part: peat 40-80 part, brid guano 80-160 part, bean dregs 20-30 part, wheat bran 18-36 part, alfalfa meal 12-24 part, oil meal 15-30 part, sugarcane branch 25-40 part, vinasse 10-20 part;
Described nutrilite is composite bacteria 3-8 part, urea 8-15 part, potassium breeze 10-16 part, ground phosphate rock 12-18 part, calcium chloride account for 10-15 part, puritan filler potassium magnesium 8-15 part, vermiculite power 5-12 part, kaolin 6-15 part, white lime 3-8 part, borax 3-6 part, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 2-5 part, Silane coupling agent KH550 2-5 part, Sodium Selenite 1-5 part, zinc sulfate 2-6 part, sulfurous acid iron 2-6 part, and water is appropriate;
(2) preparation of base-material: peat, brid guano, bean dregs, wheat bran, alfalfa meal, oil meal, vinasse, brid guano are dried respectively pulverizing granulation and then mix, then the sugarcane branch particle mixing adding fresh pulverizing is fermented;
(3) preparation of nutrilite: urea, potassium breeze, ground phosphate rock, calcium chloride, puritan filler potassium magnesium, vermiculite power, kaolin, white lime, borax, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, Silane coupling agent KH550, Sodium Selenite, zinc sulfate, sulfurous acid iron carry out mixing granulation to 80-100 order fineness, and regulate water content to 40-50%, potential of hydrogen 5.4-6.8;
(4) Secondary Fermentation: after water is mixed with composite bacteria, to add in nutrilite prepared by step (3) after mixing, add mixing in base-material prepared by step (2) again and carry out Secondary Fermentation 7-14 days, leavening temperature is 35-450C, namely obtains ecological organic fertilier;
(5) oven dry and granulation: the Eco Battalion during step (2) is obtained fats up and carries out drying and dewatering to 35-40%, then carries out granulation to 60-80 order fineness.
7. the preparation method of a kind of ecological organic fertilier according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described step (2) pulverizes the particle of granulation to 40-60 order fineness, and fermentation time is 10-15 days, and leavening temperature is 28-35 DEG C.
8. the preparation method of a kind of ecological organic fertilier according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described step (4) water and composite bacteria mass ratio are 1:18-35.
CN201510185483.1A 2015-04-17 2015-04-17 Ecological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof CN104844343A (en)

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Application publication date: 20150819