CN106428028A - Fenster hanging type aerial urban public transit transportation system - Google Patents

Fenster hanging type aerial urban public transit transportation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106428028A
CN106428028A CN201510492434.2A CN201510492434A CN106428028A CN 106428028 A CN106428028 A CN 106428028A CN 201510492434 A CN201510492434 A CN 201510492434A CN 106428028 A CN106428028 A CN 106428028A
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China
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hanging type
type aerial
track
transportation
latticed
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CN201510492434.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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俞成功
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俞成功
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Priority to CN201510492434.2A priority Critical patent/CN106428028A/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of public transit, particularly relates to a fenster hanging type aerial urban public transit transportation system. According to the fenster hanging type aerial urban public transit transportation system disclosed by the invention, based on a conventional mature hanging type train transportation technology, supporting pier columns are constructed in each trunk road and each secondary trunk road of a city by utilizing existing facilities in the middle of the roads or on two sides of the roads; two-way hanging type overhead tracks are constructed above the roads by utilizing the supporting pier columns; a double-layer overhead type interchange station is designed and constructed above each crossing crossroad; stairs allowing people to walk up and down are connected with corresponding sidewalks and are separately arranged on four corners of each station; hanging type trains in the upper layer perform two-way travelling in a north and south direction, and the hanging type trains in the lower layer perform two-way travelling in an east and west direction, so that a fenster overhead transportation system which is all-overhead, free from interfering with other traffic tools and independently operated is formed, the purpose that people can arrive to any destination by only transferring once ( or transferring two or more times in a special section) in four directions of the same platform is realized, and a bran-new urban public transit transportation system is formed.

Description

Latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system
Technical field
The invention belongs to public transport technical field, more particularly, to a kind of latticed hanging type aerial city bus Transportation system.
Background technology
Metropolitan inner city congestion is more and more serious, although it is special to take limit board, restricted driving, public transport With measures such as roads, but effect on driving birds is not good, public transport capacity does not lift how many, and public's bus trip consciousness is not universal Improve.Public bus network design is complicated, and working line is many, and the overlap that interweaves is it is difficult to debate knowledge, especially to other places More inconvenient for guest.Buses pollution is high, noise is big, and yard is many, and maintenance cost is high, transports body Being huge, even if all changing pure motor-car into, also simply solving pollution, noise problem, other effects are not Substantially.
Hanging type aerial train public transportation technology is ripe, Germany's safe operation for many years, in recent years, The domestic such as city such as Shanghai, Chengdu, Wenzhou, Zhuzhou is all in Program Construction test section, but also exists a lot Defect or limitation, such as build several test sections and only solve the transport capacity on several lines (road) road it is impossible to be formed Passenger transfer network, with other traffic forms can not effectively, seamless connection, and upper and lower platform must build road in Both sides, by place, space constraints it is impossible to give full play to all advantages of monorail train.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system, with ground Slitless connection is realized in traffic, effectively alleviates the congestion level of traffic above-ground.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is addressed by following technical proposals:
A kind of latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system, including surface road and hanging type aerial row Vehicle traffic system, described hanging type aerial train traffic system include scheduling and monitoring system, support pier stud, Located at some tracks supporting on pier stud, the vehicle hanging under track, described support pier stud is located at ground Road center or both sides, described track is divided into upper and lower two-layer and upper strata is divided according to ground trend of road with lower floor Be not set to south-north direction or east-west make some tracks be in latticed, the part ten of described surface road Be provided with word crossing for hanging type aerial train traffic system use transfer platform, described transfer platform according to It is respectively set to the upper and lower two-layer for north-south transfer and East and West direction transfer according to the height of upper and lower two-layer track, The corner of described transfer platform is provided with the stair being connected with surface road crossroad corner.
This programme based on existing ripe suspension train transportation technology, each of city main subsidiary road Built using road center or both sides existing utility and support pier stud, double using supporting pier stud to build above road To suspension type overhead track, in each cross crossing overhead design-build bilayer overhead type transfer platform, Platform corner setting People's Bank of China stair activity connects with footpath, upper and lower two-layer suspension train respectively by north-south, East and West direction two way, is constituted with this and is entirely maked somebody a mere figurehead and noiseless, independent operating the grid of other vehicles Shape overhead transport systems, realize only need to changing to once with platform four direction (Special zone need to change to twice or with On) any destination can be reached, form brand-new urban public transport transportation system.
Further, described support pier stud is located at surface road central authorities' greenbelt or both sides footpath.Effectively profit With existing ground installation, it is not required to take construction area more.
Further, described upper and lower two-layer platform is located at the lower section of upper and lower track respectively, with height of car It is adapted.Comfort level and safety is ensure that during transfer.
Further, described track two ends are provided with the rotary track making vehicle exchange travel direction.
Further, described track two ends are provided with the mobile device making vehicle exchange travel direction.
Further, described hanging type aerial train traffic system adopts monorail train.The wheel of monorail train Train travelling process is in inside box-shaped track girder all the time, is closed within girder steel, can not go out The probability of rail.Meanwhile, it runs alone in the air, will not bump against with other objects such as vehicles.
Further, described track two ends are provided with train maintenance base nearby.
Further, described track two ends are provided with parking lot nearby.
Beneficial effects of the present invention have following some:
1st, entirely make somebody a mere figurehead design, be kept completely separate with surface road traffic, system independent operating, conevying efficiency is high;
2nd, realize slitless connection by changing to platform and traffic above-ground, effectively alleviate the congestion level of traffic above-ground;
3rd, pedestrian can be gone across the road by changing to platform, while slitless connection is realized in original traffic with ground, Efficiently solve the safety problem of existing traffic above-ground.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation front view that the present invention changes to platform;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation right view that the present invention changes to platform;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation top view that the present invention changes to platform;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation top view that the present invention changes to platform lower floor;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation top view that the present invention changes to platform upper strata.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in figure 1, based on existing ripe suspension train transportation technology, in each of city master Subsidiary road utilizes road center or both sides existing utility to build and support pier stud 3, using support pier stud on road Side builds Bidirectional suspension formula overhead track 4, changes in each cross crossing overhead design-build bilayer overhead type Take advantage of platform 5, platform corner setting People's Bank of China stair activity 1 is connected with footpath, upper and lower two-layer suspension train 2 Respectively press north-south, East and West direction two way, with this constituted entirely make somebody a mere figurehead and other vehicles noiseless, The latticed overhead transport systems of independent operating, realize only to change to once (Special zone with platform four direction Need to change to twice or more) any destination can be reached, form brand-new urban public transport transportation system.
Track sets up:Road has the section of middle greenbelt, and pier stud is built in greenbelt, takes T word Type cradle hangs overhead track, both sides of the road are provided with greenbelt or no isolation strip, pier stud is built in In the greenbelt of both sides or in the footpath of both sides, using inverted L shape hang, Special zone take chevron shaped or Inverted u-shaped hangs overhead track.Reserved street lamp or light bar position is designed outside track.In every line two Termination, visual field ground situation, setting rotary track 6 (overhead track translating device may also be employed), and it is provided with foot The Train Stopping track of enough length, is used for rest to be sailed.At each setting one of two side correct positions of every line Turnout, parks several chassis, for the interval overtime work in peak period, improves transport power.Separated by a distance, setting One section of translatable overhead track, is used for rushing to repair, unloading.
Transfer platform:In the crossroad of each traces cross central authorities, the double-deck built on stilts platform of setting, double-deck station Platform is used as transfer train.As shown in figures 2-6, lower floor's platform corner is with People's Bank of China building (helping) ladder 11 and crossing four Angle footpath is connected, and upper and lower stop platform is connected with stair 12, thing, each two overhead tracks 42 in north and south, 41 are located above upper and lower stop platform 51,52 respectively, upper and lower stop platform 51,52 and East and West direction, north and south Adapt to train 21,22 height, realize once changing to platform four direction.Transfer platform also functions to cross the street sky The effect of bridge.Below platform, four side design preserved signal lamps and guideboard, substitute existing belisha beacon and road Board.
Monorail train:Suspension train belongs to monorail train, and its wheel is in train travelling process all the time Inside box-shaped track girder, it is closed within girder steel, it is to avoid overstep the limit and cause the accident.Meanwhile, it is aerial alone Run, will not bump against with other objects such as vehicles.The speed of service of suspension train can be controlled in per hour 50-60 kilometer.Driven by power taken by train, and has emergency cell, pilot steering.The setting of train two end is driven Control platform, two and be provided with interface channel door, compartment both sides are respectively set to on-board and off-board door, can set many fans.
Scheduling and monitoring system:In the first side of every line scan pickup coil side, it is provided with dispatching and monitoring room and driver's rest field Institute, each platform levels correct position and every circuit suitable distance are provided with monitoring camera, by signal The congruence is connected to Control Room, and dispatcher controls operation conditions by monitoring system, by on-board telephone system, refers to Wave operation of dispatching buses.
Maintenance base:Select many places place in city surrounding, construction train maintains base, depending on city Depending on city region or monorail train recoverable amount, be generally located near track start, end, undertake train repair and maintenance and Standby, change the outfit.
The transfer point that circuit destination county is docked with surface transportation system:Each mainly enters entrance of the city and sites to build on the outskirts of a town If large parking lot, with monorail train transportation system slitless connection, transfer of realizing going down town, greatly reduce motor-driven Car is gone down town quantity.
Repairing emergency service:Visual field ground situation, at a distance or one panel region, park one with selecting rob Dangerous car, car configures hoistable platform, for emergent unloading fault train, send in time and repaiies.
▲ emergency plan
Suspension train stop spacing is typically designed as 500 meters to 1000 meters (setting depending on primary and secondary arterial highway spacing), Between two stations, run time is usually 0.5 to 1 minute, and the time is relatively short.
Fault is met an urgent need:If power-off met by train, train can be continued to run with by human users' reserve battery of driving.As Vehicle trouble cannot travel, then adopt " emergency management and rescue ", the first incremental launching method, for the suspension running in the same direction Formula train, is arrived in using rear car, from beginning to end with fault car, and disabled vehicle passenger evacuate to rear car through back door Interior, unloading maintenance afterwards is run to terminal by rear car pushing tow disabled vehicle, or pushing tow extremely translates at overhead track, by Emergency repair car unloads, and rear car continues to run with;Second flushes method, for two-wire run circuit, to Train reaches by disabled vehicle, puts pedal, passenger is across flushing after alignment car door between two Train doors To to after car, carry off to previous station.
Fire control:When train manufactures and designs, all must take fire proofing, be equipped with fire extinguisher and power-off Device, once there is fire, being extinguished the blaze with in-car fire extinguisher first, cannot run in the case of most urgent, Suspension train, using " sliding slide " mode similar with passenger plane, is realized " landing escape ", train floor sets In respect of openable " emergency exits ", drive the commander of personnel and under assisting in train, passenger utilize rope, Rope ladder or canvas slideway directly drop to ground by compartment, or will be taken advantage of with emergency car hoistable platform, aerial ladder of fire truck Visitor is connected to ground.
▲ operating analysis
Gridding hanging type aerial train public transport transportation system, similarly is that in city, overhead one trellis of throwing the net is empty Middle conveyer belt, extends in all direction, and passenger is also just as carrying out futile middle tour, its compartment, platform, pier Post, track all can arrange respective advertisement, and on track, setting street lamp or light bar, can form the new landscape system in city. Its city transparent effect impact, also much smaller with respect to light rail, overpass or the special overpass of public transport.
Monorail train can be run using 1 section, also can organize into groups, in the big line of distance, flow of the people in 2 section compartments Lu Shangke more piece compartment is organized into groups, and improves freight volume demand.As run using 1 section, often 13 tons of section compartment limit for tonnage, Objective 70-80 people at most can be taken out, desin speed is 50-60 kilometer per hour, based on 40 kilometers of average speed per hour Calculation, 3 minutes normal departure intervals, average often station stop 0.5 minute meter it is contemplated that unbalanced waiting time, Article one, 10 kilometers of long circuits, about need to configure 12~14 sections, two-way carrying capacity is up to per hour about 7500 Person-time.
Taking Hangzhou as a example, main city zone north-south press 15 kilometers, 8 lines, East and West direction press 12 kilometers, 12 Line planning and designing, can construct 264 kilometers of overhead tracks, 96 platforms, if pressing every kilometer (containing platform) About 50,000,000 yuan of meters of cost, only need more than 130 hundred million yuan, about the 1/5~1/8 of subway cost.
In a word, the foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, all made according to scope of the present invention patent Impartial change and modification, all should belong to the covering scope of patent of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system, including surface road and hanging type aerial Train traffic system, described hanging type aerial train traffic system include scheduling and monitoring system, support pier stud, Located at some tracks supporting on pier stud, hang on vehicle under track it is characterised in that:Described support Located at surface road central authorities or both sides, described track is divided into upper and lower two-layer and upper strata and lower floor base area to pier stud Face trend of road be respectively set to south-north direction or east-west make some tracks be in latticed, described ground It is provided with the transfer platform using for hanging type aerial train traffic system, institute at the partial cross crossing of road State transfer platform to be respectively set to for north-south transfer and East and West direction transfer according to the height of upper and lower two-layer track Upper and lower two-layer, the corner of described transfer platform is provided with the building being connected with surface road crossroad corner Ladder.
2. latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described support pier stud is located at surface road central authorities' greenbelt or both sides footpath.
3. latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described upper and lower two-layer platform is located at the lower section of upper and lower track respectively, is adapted with height of car.
4. latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described track two ends are provided with the rotary track making vehicle exchange travel direction.
5. latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described track two ends are provided with the mobile device making vehicle exchange travel direction.
6. latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described hanging type aerial train traffic system adopts monorail train.
7. latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described track two ends are provided with train maintenance base nearby.
8. latticed hanging type aerial city bus transportation system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described track two ends are provided with parking lot nearby.
CN201510492434.2A 2015-08-07 2015-08-07 Fenster hanging type aerial urban public transit transportation system Pending CN106428028A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107512268A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-12-26 佛山市梦真营机电有限公司 A kind of overhead rail electric car platform systems
WO2018214309A1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-29 广东飞铁交通有限公司 Railway transport system
CN109532860A (en) * 2017-09-22 2019-03-29 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 A kind of micro- rail rail system
CN109594441A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-04-09 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 A kind of grade separation traffic system
WO2019179207A1 (en) * 2018-03-21 2019-09-26 段绪松 Novel urban rail traffic system
CN111945489A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-17 陈家昆 Unmanned traffic system
US11299182B2 (en) 2020-06-02 2022-04-12 Jean Victor Peloquin Suspended public transit system

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CN102085866A (en) * 2009-12-04 2011-06-08 陈大超 Convenient and rapid coach as track traffic tool
CN103523026A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-01-22 戴长虹 Intercity aerial rail transit stereo network system
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN109532860A (en) * 2017-09-22 2019-03-29 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 A kind of micro- rail rail system
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CN109594441A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-04-09 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 A kind of grade separation traffic system
US11299182B2 (en) 2020-06-02 2022-04-12 Jean Victor Peloquin Suspended public transit system
CN111945489A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-17 陈家昆 Unmanned traffic system

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Application publication date: 20170222