A kind of contactlessly powered elevated bus
This utility model relates to a kind of contactlessly powered elevated bus.It, by increasing width and the height of present bus, utilizes the space above urban road car, passenger compartment is arranged on car height；Utilize the sub-fraction region in road space between two lane highways as track prefecture, supported by the side plate of car lower floor two limit " stilt " formula and wheel hub drives, make passenger compartment pass through in dolly overhead；The car and car lower floor two interpleural " tunnel " interior sky still can pass through, it is achieved public transportation and dolly are layered traveling up and down.This utility model is not take up path resource substantially, need not change existing traffic rules, and can improve freight volume and the quality of city bus largely.
1. need to taking substantial amounts of path resource during tradition bus running, its public transport pattern can not meet growing passenger's trip requirements.Particularly rush-hour, finding great trouble in getting one's destination by public transport means, speed is slow, and crowded to capacity in car, ride quality is poor.These problems make the bus passenger of not rare certain economic condition become self-driving race, cause that dolly quantity increases considerably, have increased the weight of urban traffic blocking and air pollution further.
2. building subway is the effective way solving urban transportation in the long term, but the construction period is long, and the aid is too slow to be helpful, also can increase new blocking up in the construction period.And subway construction is costly, local finance can't bear the heavy load.
3. the bus rapid transit occurred in recent years, because taking special road, makes originally rare urban traffic road resource more nervous.Rush hour, bus rapid transit track often can be tied up by other vehicle and become slow lane again, far from getting a desired effect.
Utility model content
For problems of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is in that to provide the technical scheme of a kind of contactlessly powered track elevated bus.
The contactlessly powered elevated bus of described one, it is characterised in that: car load vehicle body divides upper and lower two layers, and body width is equal to one lane width of urban road；
Imperial is provided with passenger compartment and control room, is provided with traffic information display screen in passenger compartment, and equipped with air cleaner on car, roof is equipped with skylight；Car door is set respectively before and after on the right side of compartment；Control room has operating board, and driver controls vehicle by intelligent controlling device and travels；
About vehicle body lower floor framework, two side side plate bottom are equipped with wheel hub motor wheel, and wheel is driven by contactless outer power supply source, travel being embedded on the trapped orbit of road ground in advance；
Vehicle body levels is connected by high-strength material support.
The contactlessly powered elevated bus of described one, it is characterised in that the rail two limit groove high strength elastic solid filler of described track is filled to parallel with road surface；A wide dotted yellow line slightly above road surface is respectively laid on ground, track two limit.
The contactlessly powered elevated bus of described one, it is characterised in that described wheel adopts H type track wheel hub motor driving wheel, and H type track wheel hub motor driving wheel coincide with track；H type track wheel hub motor driving wheel adopts elastic rubber tire, and namely between core wheel and wheel hub, dress encloses block rubber with one, makes wheel hub be elastically supported on wheel.The contactlessly powered elevated bus of described one, it is characterised in that described contactless outer power supply source: power coil segmentation is laid on the right side of road and in isolation strip between bicycle lane, is switched on power by buried cable ditch；Presetting inductance coil at bus lower floor right plate correspondence position, utilize the magnetic force of power coil, inductance coil corresponding when making bus in the process of moving or stop produces electric current and completes charging, it is provided that driving dynamics.Car is loaded with reserve battery, it is ensured that the normal traveling of car when line outage or electric current transmission failure.
This utility model beneficial effect:
1. this utility model is because lane system is simple, adapts to the road present situation of particularly inner city, present city, road is done a small amount of rectification and can lay a railway track；Investment and operation costs are all very low, and the completion time of project is short, instant effect.
2. this utility model is to provide a kind of novel track bus being based upon on existing urban road, can improve the ride quality of city bus to a great extent, be characterized in:
2.1. comfortable: elastic rubber tire travels in orbit, steadily shockproof；Passenger compartment is free from worry, bright and clear, and air is fresh；Seat comfort, staffing is taken, and takes advantage of elder sister to service；
2.2. safety: travel on trapped orbit, be absent from sideshake, skew and lane change phenomenon in driving process, relatively other driving vehicle, it does not have unpredictable element, the probability of collision can be greatly reduced；And passenger compartment is interval at more than 2m, both makes to crash, without passenger causes direct injury；
2.3. fast, on schedule: because of the special tectonic of vehicle body, can barrier free accessibility at orbital region, both road traffic congestion had been made to nor affect on the normal traveling of " high visitor ", orbital region can barrier free accessibility, and can average speed per hour can reach about 40km by crossing the very first time when green light, speed per hour relative to current city, line down town bus an about 10km, substantially reduce riding time, can regularly dispatch a car, reaching on the time.
3. can efficiently reduce the jam of urban transportation
This utility model rail bus, not road occupying Bu Feng road, save bus rapid transit dedicated Lanes, calculate by the unidirectional three lanes of downtown roads, can directly increase by the freight volume of nearly 30%, greatly speed up the traffic flow in city, down town.It is quick on schedule, the comparison effect of low cost and comfortable safety have the environment by bus of dignity, considerable part self-driving race can be attracted to change and to take advantage of " high visitor ", thus that reduces private car makes consumption, it is effectively improved the share rate of city bus, it is achieved the benign cycle of urban transportation.
4. can improve urban air-quality, reduce environmental pollution
Research shows, automotive emission is the primary polluter of atmospheric pollution.This utility model rail bus non-contact power drives, and does not need aerial wire laying, it does not have toxic emission, and pollution-free, noise is few, is genuine green traffic.It addition, particularly inner city, present many big cities, because congested in traffic, low speed, traffic jam are serious, and speed is more and more slower.Data show, in the idling state, the discharge capacity of PM2.5 is more than five times during smooth and easy traveling to automobile.The private car that the raising of this utility model transit riding quality and freight volume can bring makes the minimizing of consumption；And it does not account for the special road of public transport, and car is layered the pattern of traveling up and down and can accelerate again city vehicle flow；Thus vehicle can effectively be reduced block up the exhaust emissions gathering around delay.
5. this utility model is except having certain driving regulation to " high visitor " runway and two track yellow line districts, limit, need not adjust or change existing urban transportation rule, it is easy to accepted by society, conveniently implement.
6. this utility model vehicle appearance adopts streamline body, and bottom thread is empty, has very strong modern sense. city grade can be improved.Compartment broad bright, the visual field is good, be not only the vehicles of large conveying quantity, and be the instrument of going sightseeing, the flowing sight spot incorporating city appearance environment can be become.At many levels, three-dimensional, intelligentized railway and highway system, urban modernization image can be greatly increased, be also the developing direction of future city traffic.
In sum, this utility model, when not changing plane traffic form, makes urban transportation three-dimensional, makes public transport handling capacity of passengers and carrying quality be greatly improved.It not only reduces city bus and puts into, and improves urban road operational efficiency, is that modern city public transport is economical and practical, practical and can the selection of fast onset.This utility model integrates new technologies and methods, new material, has higher novelty, creativeness and practicality.
In China Today or even the world, urban traffic blocking, atmospheric pollution has become a day by day serious social problem.And automotive emission is the main cause that atmospheric pollution forms haze.Enforcement of the present utility model, can be effectively improved traffic congestion, reduces air pollution, is control the stifled potion good recipe subtracting haze.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: agent structure (front view)；
Fig. 2: agent structure (side view)；
Fig. 3: track is buried underground and the concavo-convex line schematic diagram (profile) of two limit yellow；
Fig. 4: track is buried underground and the concavo-convex line schematic diagram (top view) of two limit yellow；
Fig. 5: non-contact power is arranged and running schematic diagram (profile)；
Fig. 6: temporary parking passenger evacuation passage (side cutaway view)；
Fig. 7: temporary parking passenger evacuation passage (top plan view)；
Fig. 8: row figure (top view) is treated on parking stall, crossroad and stopping.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the utility model is described in further detail:
A kind of contactlessly powered elevated bus, car load vehicle body divides upper and lower two layers, and body width is equivalent or is slightly wider than one lane width of urban road.
Imperial is provided with passenger compartment and control room.Passenger compartment is free from worry, arranges seat by higher standard.Traffic information display screen it is provided with in passenger compartment.Equipped with air cleaner on car, roof equipped with skylight, bright and clear in car.Set car door respectively before and after on the right side of compartment, pass in and out for passenger.Control room has operating board, and driver controls vehicle by intelligent controlling device and travels.
About vehicle body lower floor framework, two side side plate bottom are equipped with wheel hub motor wheel, and wheel is driven by contactless outer power supply source, travel being embedded on the trapped orbit of road ground in advance.Lower floor " tunnel " height and width guarantee that a stock car is walked safely, make public transportation and car can be layered current.
Vehicle body levels is connected by high-strength material support, it is sufficient to support compartment and load capacity thereof, it is ensured that car load smooth ride safety.
A kind of running rail (accompanying drawing 3) of contactlessly powered elevated bus:
2.1. urban road right lane is taken for " high visitor " runway.According to body width, on limit, track two, each pre-buried convex rail (T), as " high visitor " dedicated track, travels for wheel guiding, and rail is embedded in underground, and rail convex surface is parallel with surface road.
2.2. rail two limit groove high strength elastic solid filler (S) is filled to parallel with road surface, and elastic filler sink into groove under the weight of " high visitor " wheels travel, and namely car restores to the original state after opening.So both block silt rubbish blocking track two limit groove, also maintain the overall appearance on road surface, and do not affect the current of other vehicle.
2.3. a wide dotted yellow line slightly above road surface (M) is respectively laid on ground, track two limit, and one avoids " high visitor " track regions when being and remind other vehicles to travel or stop；Two is be pressed onto yellow line if any driving vehicle tire to produce vibrations because of uneven, and alerting drivers speeds away dedicated track district, it is ensured that " high visitor " wheel is track regions barrier free accessibility.
A kind of wheel of contactlessly powered elevated bus:
3.1. " H " type track wheel hub motor driving wheel is adopted." H " type and track coincide, and use wheel hub motor can omit great number of driving parts, make story frame structure under vehicle more simple, minimizing both sides side plate thickness, it is ensured that " tunnel " inner space width.Use wheel hub motor wheel can also improve transmission efficiency simultaneously.
3.2. owing to wheel hub motor has the characteristic that single wheel independently drives, it is possible to according to the radius of turn that track is different, realize differential steering by the different rotating speeds of left and right wheels.Make turn inside diameter flexible, have stronger curve negotiation ability, the present situation that crossing, existing urban road special inner city radius of turn is less can be well adapted for.
3.3. wheel adopts elastic rubber tire technology.Namely between core wheel and wheel hub, dress encloses block rubber with one, makes wheel hub be elastically supported on wheel, can reduce wheel-rail impact noise when travelling so in orbit, relaxes wheel-rail impact vibration, reduces wheel-rail wear, improves vehicle smoothness.
A kind of power conveying (accompanying drawing 4) of contactlessly powered elevated bus:
Introducing and employment electromagnetic induction non-contact power technology.Power coil (K) segmentation it is laid on the right side of road and in isolation strip (P) between bicycle lane, is switched on power by buried cable ditch；Additionally, inductance coil (U) is preset at " high visitor " lower floor's right plate (L) correspondence position, utilizing the magnetic force of power coil, inductance coil corresponding when making " high visitor " in the process of moving or stop produces electric current and completes charging, it is provided that driving dynamics.Car is loaded with reserve battery, it is ensured that the normal traveling of car when line outage or electric current transmission failure.
This utility model public transport vehicle passenger getting on/off vehicle is arranged:
5.1. build on the right of " high visitor " runway and " high visitor " the overhead bus platform that passenger compartment height is identical." high visitor " and on the right side of compartment before and after set automatic door respectively.After car sails the parking of Hou Che district into, the gate arranged with overhead waiting station platform docks, and optoelectronic induction para-position folding, for passenger getting on/off.The lower floor of overhead waiting station platform also can as prostitution place of taxi.
5.2. temporary parking passenger evacuation passage (accompanying drawing 5, Fig. 6): set on the right side of imperial control room and can move floor by opening；Presetting ladder at correspondence floor, car lower floor " tunnel " top aperture position, ladder one end is connected to opening part, and the other end can be slided to ground along vehicle body lower floor right plate slideway by Electromechanical Control.In car traveling way, temporary parking or scram passenger cannot when platform be got off, and control room can start interim evacuating system: (1). and one, ladder lands to (b) point along slideway from (a) point；(2). take out out opening floor from (E) to (E1), form stairs port；(3). open control room isolating door with (H) point for axle center and go to (d) from (c), make the safety barrier that ground is stairs port；Thus quickly forming the fire escape on ground of going downstairs from passenger compartment to control room, again from stairs port, evacuation of getting off rapidly for passenger.
5.3. emergency evacuation: upper strata passenger compartment two side install French window, meet emergency, open car door or break vehicle window can quickly jump car escape.
This utility model bus driving safety device:
6.1. radar scanning system is set at " high visitor " headstock, as found to have within the scope of running rail yellow line vehicle line ball to account for rail, or has the car road occupying of superelevation ultra-wide, namely can flashing warning light, remind obstacle car to dodge in time.
6.2. after " high visitor " car, set display screen, point out down going channel height to people having a common goal's vehicle below.And radar scanning system is set, as found to have the vehicle people having a common goal's approaching transfinited, can warn by blinking red lamp, stop overrun vehicle close, it is prevented that wipe accident of touching and occur.If desired, it is also possible to arrange at " high visitor " crossing, track and be dimensioned slightly smaller than under " high visitor " limit frame in " tunnel ", stop other vehicle except dolly to sail into.
6.3. " high visitor " lower floor " tunnel " two side plate is except connecting support and other necessary device, transmission abatjour is set as far as possible, both increased the illumination in " tunnel ", dolly can be made again to have two back street scape objects of reference when travelling in " tunnel ", reduce sense of discomfort, improve travel safety.
6.4. before " high visitor " wheel, certain position installs the device for clearing away obstacle of plough shape, can plough out the silt rubbish of track regions in motion, it is ensured that wheel in orbit smooth and easy current.
This utility model bus docks with city prevailing traffic rule:
7.1. about " high visitor " track, two track yellow line districts are dedicated track district, and other vehicle must avoid track yellow line district when travelling or stop until row, it is ensured that " high visitor " advance freely.
7.2. " high visitor " runway belongs to opening track, and normal domestic use car can travel on track, it is also possible to travels or walks in " high visitor " " tunnel ".Other superelevation ultra-wide car in principle can not be " high visitor " track travels, when if there being interim traveling, having " high visitor " to pass through, it is necessary to dodge in time.
7.3. " high objective " parking stall reserved before driving position is treated in " height is objective " crossroad, track, other dolly is after " height visitor " crossing, track must be parked in " high objective " parking stall when stopping until row (accompanying drawing 7).Row dolly can be crossed from treating when " high visitor " enters parking stall, be directly parked in the first parking stall, crossing.The very first time crossroad can be passed through when green light lights.
7.4. " high visitor " is when turning in crossing or travels on outer curve, under in " tunnel " and the tailstock have caution red light to light, people having a common goal's dolly " tunnel " can not travel or walk and overtake other vehicles under " high visitor ", can only trail and go.
This utility model bus vehicle trouble processes:
Special breakdown van: when " high visitor " casts anchor, breakdown van can drive several load-bearing summits that under " high visitor ", " tunnel " alignment " tunnel " top pre-sets into, hydraulic lifting " high visitor ", its " H " type wheel is made to de-orbit district, " high visitor " can be carried on the back and left scene in time, overhaul to Overhaul Yard, in order to avoid affecting traffic.