CN109653046A - A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system - Google Patents

A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109653046A
CN109653046A CN201811521251.9A CN201811521251A CN109653046A CN 109653046 A CN109653046 A CN 109653046A CN 201811521251 A CN201811521251 A CN 201811521251A CN 109653046 A CN109653046 A CN 109653046A
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China
Prior art keywords
bus
road
shuttle
urban
elevated
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CN201811521251.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵跃
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赵跃
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Priority to CN201811521251.9A priority Critical patent/CN109653046A/en
Publication of CN109653046A publication Critical patent/CN109653046A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D31/00Superstructures for passenger vehicles
    • B62D31/04Superstructures for passenger vehicles with more than one deck
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/002Design or lay-out of roads, e.g. street systems, cross-sections ; Design for noise abatement, e.g. sunken road
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/04Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating systems, including elevated bus and unmanned miniature shuttle;The elevated bus and unmanned miniature shuttle can be current in same structuring bus zone higher slice;Urban traffic network regulates and controls center and passes through with the bus or train route cooperative system of road aware base station, traffic signal lamp control and the intelligent vehicle mounted terminal network interconnection, with with the custom system network interconnection of passenger's mobile network's terminal, on the basis of full space-time dynamic traffic information collection fusion and integrated data cloud are handled, realized by platform of internet of things to the smooth orderly on-line system operation management safely of affiliated public transit vehicle.The present invention is not under conditions of changing plane traffic form, make urban transportation three-dimensional, the capacity of urban road space can be played to the maximum extent, urban road operational efficiency can be substantially increased, improve public transport passenger capacity and citizen's ride quality, the traffic congestion in city is significantly improved, urban air pollution is reduced.

Description

A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system
Technical field:
The present invention relates to urban road public transport fields;More particularly to a kind of urban road public transport stereo intelligent Operating system;Further to new technologies plates such as vehicle end intelligence, bus or train route collaboration, Internet of Things, cloud computings.
Background technique:
In China Today or even the world, urban traffic blocking brings very big inconvenience to the trip and life of people, especially In some big city inner cities, even more vehicle is completely trouble.Although many places take many restricted driving measures of restricting the number etc. in limited time, Palliative, the worsening of traffic condition has become a serious social concern for restricting Modern Urban Development.
Need to occupy a large amount of path resource when traditional bus running, and its public transport mode have been unable to meet it is growing Passenger's trip requirements are found great trouble in getting one's destination by public transport means especially in rush hour, and speed is slow, and interior crowded to capacity, ride quality is poor;And in recent years The bus rapid transit of appearance because occupying special road, and keeps originally rare urban traffic road resource more nervous.
Present taxi and domestic sedan car is generally all at 5 or more, but seat utilization rate is lower in actually trip, There is data reflection, for the invalid no-load ratio of car generally 60% or more, these invalid unloaded car bodies have tied up limited city Path space not only causes the significant wastage of urban road resource, so that urban traffic blocking can't bear, and waste of energy, A large amount of invalid discharge is generated, seriously polluted urban air.
Building subway and overhead road of city in the long term is to solve the effective way of urban transportation, but expenditure of construction is high, place Finance can't bear the heavy load, and especially in some inner cities, difficulty of pulling down and removing a building for reconstruction is big, at high cost, and the very long construction period can also Increase new congestion.
Before, I, which has obtained State Patent Office's invention patent mandate, has: " a kind of contactlessly powered elevated bus " is (special Benefit number: 0252466.5), obtain utility model patent authorization has ZL 2,015 1: " a kind of automatic Pilot operation vehicle and operation side Method " (patent No.: ZL 2,017 2 1234592.9);In addition, the patent application of my " a kind of kart street crossing viaduct " (application number: 201810888904.0) is accepted;This " a kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system " it is special Benefit application is that this three technology is three-dimensional in urban road public transportation system as an invention with independent technique feature Change the organic assembling of operation.
Automatic Pilot technology relative maturity at present, but still have safe leakage in face of complicated urban highway traffic road conditions Hole, thus the practical application of the technology is limited, and urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system of the present invention uses track Route, travel are fixed structured environments, along road equipped with the identifiable traffic sign of unified standard, there is terminal And the bus or train route cooperative system of trackside aware base station network and the intelligent vehicle mounted terminal network interconnection, and speed is relatively low, institute With to perceive and control application requirement it is relatively easy, automatic Pilot technology may be implemented completely in landing application of the invention.
Summary of the invention:
It is described overhead the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of innovative transit systems of foundation on urban streets Bus is arranged passenger carriage in lane overhead, is not take up path resource substantially, unmanned miniature shuttle can be in height It is walked on frame bus underpass highway, the present invention makes urban transportation three-dimensional, energy under conditions of not changing plane traffic form Enough capacity for playing urban road space to the maximum extent, greatly speed up the magnitude of traffic flow, significantly improve the traffic congestion in city.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of operation of urban road public transport three-dimensional System, comprising: elevated bus;Unmanned miniature shuttle;The elevated bus lower layer is Stilt layer, and described nobody drives Sailing miniature shuttle can walk on elevated bus lower layer Stilt layer road, elevated bus and unmanned miniature pick Vehicle can be current in same structuring bus zone higher slice.
Two layers up and down of the elevated bus vehicle vehicle body point, upper layer is passenger carriage, and lower layer is by the two pieces of branch in left and right The cant board of passenger carriage and the Stilt layer of passenger carriage bottom plate composition are supportted, cant board bottom is equipped with hub motor wheel, passes through Car-mounted computer control, drives vehicle automatic running on the trapped orbit for being embedded in bus zone ground in advance.
Without driver's cabin in the unmanned miniature shuttle compartment, one single passenger's seat is only set, vehicle body is small, Vehicle-mounted induction system can incude identification to the buried intelligence track under bus zone road surface, be controlled by car-mounted computer, Car is precisely oriented to automatic running along intelligence railway line.
The urban road public transport three-dimensional system, including public transport driving roadside and elevated bus upper layer passenger car The identical overhead bus platform of compartment height, elevated bus arrive at a station after parking, and optoelectronic induction controls automatic aligning, synchronous on-off vehicle Door and gate, for passenger getting on/off;
The lower layer space of overhead bus platform is used as the waiting station platform of the unmanned miniature shuttle.
The urban road public transport three-dimensional system, including a kind of unmanned minicar cross the street viaduct, main Bridged ring type gantry is located at longitudinal road and belt road intersection center, and access bridge is erected at each ground towards intersection On dividing strip between the car lane and non-motorized lane of road, ring-like bridge and the bridge support for connecting the ring road of access bridge are one The structural system of kind cable-stayed bridge or suspension bridge, is not take up surface road substantially.
A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional system, including road traffic flow is monitored, road conditions dynamic The terminal aware base station and trackside aware base station and the aware base station system and traffic signal lamp control system of monitoring The network interconnection, and with elevated bus, the bus or train route cooperative system of the unmanned miniature shuttle intelligent vehicle mounted terminal network interconnection.
A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional system, including bus or train route cooperative system and with passenger's mobile network Network cell phone application is the urban traffic network regulation center of the user Yue Che of terminal, payment, the interconnection of service feedback grid, On the basis of full space-time dynamic traffic information collection fusion and the processing of integrated data cloud, each system is realized by platform of internet of things Data docking, establishes joint-action mechanism, realize to the elevated bus of affiliated area and unmanned miniature shuttle vehicle scheduling, The real-times such as working line planning, navigation, VCM Vehicle Condition Monitoring, actual effect and the smooth orderly on-line system of safety that can dynamically guarantee Operation management.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention provides a kind of traffic system of foundation on urban streets, do not changing plane traffic form Under conditions of, make urban transportation three-dimensional, realizes that urban transportation is intelligent, urban road space can be played to the maximum extent Capacity accelerates the magnitude of traffic flow, significantly improves the traffic congestion in city.
Urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system of the present invention can provide more, faster, preferably for Public Traveling Service, vehicle ride Energy and comfort of the present invention, fast on schedule, especially unmanned miniature shuttle are not required to driver, Less energy consumption, operation cost is low, has environment and quick, the inexpensive comparison effect by bus of dignity, can attract considerable part self-driving Race, which changes, multiplies elevated bus and unmanned miniature shuttle, to gradually change the trip habit of consumer, reduces private vapour The usage amount of vehicle effectively improves the share rate of city bus, realizes the benign cycle of urban transportation.
Structure of the invention bus zone system is simple, adapts to the road status of present city especially inner city, As long as making markization rectification to existing bus zone, track can be laid with and set up street crossing viaduct, cost of investment is low, and builds Short time limit, it is quick;
The present invention advises in addition to having certain driving regulation to elevated bus lane without adjusting or changing existing urban transportation Then, it is easy to be received by society, facilitates implementation.
Some researches show that automotive emission is the main cause that atmosphere pollution forms haze, and urban road of the present invention is public Traffic three-dimensional vehicle uses new energy, discharges without exhaust gas, pollution-free, is qualified green traffic, this hair Bright implementation, can be reduced air pollution, substantially improve urban air-quality.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1: elevated bus and unmanned miniature shuttle traffic three-dimensional schematic diagram.Diagram 1 is elevated bus, Diagram 2 is the unmanned miniature shuttle walked on elevated bus lower layer Stilt layer road.
Fig. 2: urban public transport three-dimensional operating system road traffic top view.Diagram 3 be car lane with it is non-maneuver Dividing strip between lane, diagram 4 are unmanned miniature shuttle street crossing viaduct access bridge entrances, and diagram 5 is public transport Three-dimensional runs lane, and diagram 6 is non-motorized lane, and diagram 7 is pavement, and diagram 8 is traveling on street crossing viaduct access bridge Unmanned miniature shuttle, diagram 9 is unmanned miniature shuttle street crossing viaduct access bridge, and diagram 10 is overhead public transport Vehicle, diagram 11 is pedestrian's street crossing zebra stripes, and diagram 12 is unmanned miniature shuttle street crossing round road of cross bridge, and diagram 13 is city City's road intermediate isolating band.
Fig. 3: elevated bus and unmanned miniature shuttle traffic three-dimensional schematic diagram.Unmanned miniature shuttle In the double Che Tonghang of elevated bus lower layer two-orbit.
Fig. 4: urban road public transport three-dimensional operational network interconnects adjusted and controlled frame diagram, wherein doublet part table Show that elevated bus operational network interconnects.
Implementation method:
Public transport three-dimensional operating system lane of the present invention is simple, adapts to many inner cities in existing city Road status can use lane on the right of existing bus rapid transit lane or urban road and carry out structuring rectification, as public friendship Logical three-dimensional lane, rectification content include that the markization setting on three-lane road road surface, fence, traffic sign, signal lamp is laid with high The intelligence track of the road surface track of frame bus and unmanned miniature shuttle sets up street crossing viaduct.
The public transport three-dimensional operating system category rail traffic, elevated bus and unmanned miniature picks garage It cannot change its course when sailing, so other cars should be forbidden to stop on this lane, in addition to this, without adjusting or change other friendships Drift is then;The bus zone is dedicated in the category public transport of traffic peak period, and to guarantee public transport transport power, other periods are not influencing public affairs Under the premise of Bank of Communications is sailed, open to other vehicles it can also use.
The elevated bus vehicle width is essentially identical to one, city lane normal width, and vehicle body divides two layers up and down, Upper layer is passenger carriage, and lower layer is made of aerial the cant board and passenger carriage bottom plate of two pieces of left and right support passenger carriage Layer, cant board bottom are equipped with hub motor wheel, are controlled by car-mounted computer, and vehicle is driven to be embedded in bus zone ground in advance Trapped orbit on automatic running;Elevated bus is arranged passenger carriage in lane overhead, is not take up path resource substantially, can To replace the existing bus in city.
In urban highway traffic public transport stereo system row cart roadside of the present invention, setting and elevated bus upper layer passenger car The identical overhead bus platform of compartment height, elevated bus arrive at a station after parking, and optoelectronic induction controls automatic aligning, synchronous on-off vehicle Door and gate, for passenger getting on/off.
The lower layer space of overhead bus platform may be used as the waiting station platform of the unmanned miniature shuttle.
The unmanned miniature shuttle car does not have driver's cabin, only sets one single seat, and vehicle body is small, vehicle-mounted induction System can incude identification to the buried intelligence track under public transport road, controlled by car-mounted computer, keep car accurate It is oriented to and travels along intelligence railway line, taxi can be replaced to pick passenger automatically and arrived at the destination.
On urban highway traffic three-dimensional system row cart road of the present invention, no matter elevated bus is under steam or in public transport Platform parking, unmanned miniature shuttle can walk (attached drawing in the tunnel that elevated bus lower layer Stilt layer is constituted 1);On the other roads in city, unmanned miniature shuttle can be oriented to by railway line and be travelled, and can also pass through GPS, magnetic induction The navigation such as positioning traveling;Unmanned miniature shuttle speed general control was at 40km/ hours or so.
In urban road junction, set up unmanned miniature shuttle and cross the street viaduct, improve its speed of service and Efficiency, because unmanned miniature shuttle vehicle body is narrow, the access bridge for crossing the street viaduct can be erected at towards each of intersection On dividing strip between the car lane and non-motorized lane of surface road (attached drawing 2), main bridged ring type gantry is located at longitudinal road Road and belt road intersection center, ring-like bridge and the bridge support for connecting the ring road of access bridge are a kind of cable-stayed bridge or suspension bridge Structural system, be not take up surface road, head room can guarantee traffic above-ground vehicle pass-through under ring-like bridge and ring road bridge floor.
Vehicle described in urban highway traffic three-dimensional system of the present invention travels on trapped orbit, does not deposit in driving process In sideshake and offset lane change, the unmanned miniature shuttle is under elevated bus when normally travel, with overhead public affairs For Jiao Che lower layer side plate there is no the probability of collision, left and right safe spacing can be relatively small, so in elevated bus lower layer sky Between allow in the case where, unmanned miniature shuttle can also further increase road friendship with the double Che Tonghang (attached drawing 3) of two-orbit Logical capacity.
The unmanned miniature shuttle can be used as that general patient sees a doctor to hospital or that student goes to school and leaves school is automatic Shuttle, can also be designed to it is matched with Wheelchair for disabled person trip pick and picking for courier packages' logistics Etc. the automatic shuttle in the various dedicated citys of series.
The passenger of unmanned miniature shuttle is taken by the way that about vehicle, such as more people go out simultaneously on the mobile interchanges cables such as mobile phone Row, can primary about more vehicles, can be ridden with recognition of face, be deducted fees automatically on line;Urban traffic network interconnection regulation Central Radical Automatic governing vehicle, planning vehicle line are required according to travel, unmanned miniature shuttle is oriented to automatic row by planning railway line It sails, picks passenger and arrive at the destination.
Vehicle described in urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system of the present invention is all made of new energy, can at night or Other down time chargings are to guarantee energy storage.
In the structuring bus zone terminal and the trackside for having inlet and outlet, perception base of the deployment with sensor, radar It stands, aware base station system and the crossroads traffic light traffic signal control system network interconnection, and with elevated bus, unmanned micro- The type shuttle intelligent vehicle mounted terminal network interconnection, comprehensive implementation bus or train route dynamic realtime information exchange and collaboration induction, reach blind Area's early warning, barrier evade the effect with traffic signal lamp Effective Regulation in advance, guarantee the public transport three-dimensional fortune Row safety is smooth, improves traffic efficiency.
Embodiment: when elevated bus is travelled to place of 100~200 meters away from crossing, the aware base station of terminal reads equipment It can collect the information of elevated bus, be accurately positioned vehicle, Signalized control equipment can rapid adjustment signal as needed Lamp is then appropriately extended current green light phase time, guarantees that public transit vehicle has when elevated bus meets green light close to crossing Plenty of time passes through crossing;When elevated bus meets red light close to crossing, then shortens the red signal period, subtract as far as possible Few elevated bus in the waiting time of intersection, guarantee city bus operation it is quick with it is timely, farthest play Its effect for delivering main body.
Establish urban traffic network interconnection regulation center (attached drawing 4), network interconnection bus or train route cooperative system and mobile with passenger Network is the user Yue Che of terminal, payment, service feedback system, in full space-time dynamic traffic information collection fusion and integrated data On the basis of cloud processing, realizes that joint-action mechanism is docked and established to the data of each system by platform of internet of things, realize to affiliated area The elevated bus in domain and unmanned miniature shuttle vehicle scheduling, working line planning, navigation, VCM Vehicle Condition Monitoring etc. are real-time Property, actual effect and the smooth orderly on-line system operation management of safety that can dynamically guarantee.
Urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system of the present invention, the public transport stereo, passenger car miniaturization, traffic circulation Intelligence be modern city public transport it is practical, it is economical and practical and can fast onset selection, city can be significantly improved Traffic congestion, and can be reduced urban air pollution, it is the developing direction in the following intelligent city, and new energy sources for automobile, bus or train route are assisted Same, mobile Internet, the technologies such as cloud computing constantly improve, and also made the technology of the present invention is implemented as possibility.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system, comprising: elevated bus;Unmanned miniature shuttle; The elevated bus lower layer is Stilt layer, and the unmanned miniature shuttle can be worn on elevated bus underpass highway Row, elevated bus and unmanned miniature shuttle are current in same structuring bus zone higher slice.
The structuring bus zone include and road aware base station and traffic signal control system and elevated bus, nobody Drive the bus or train route cooperative system of the miniature shuttle intelligent vehicle mounted terminal network interconnection.
2. a kind of elevated bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: two layers up and down of vehicle vehicle body point, upper layer is Passenger carriage, the Stilt layer that lower layer is made of the cant board and passenger carriage bottom plate of two pieces of left and right support passenger carriage are edge-on Board bottom portion is equipped with hub motor wheel, is controlled by car-mounted computer, drives vehicle in the fixation for being embedded in bus zone ground in advance Automatic running on track.
3. the unmanned miniature shuttle of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: without driver's cabin in compartment, One single passenger's seat is only set, vehicle-mounted induction system can incude knowledge to the buried intelligence track under bus zone road surface Not, it is controlled by car-mounted computer, car is precisely oriented to automatic running along intelligence railway line.
4. a kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be included in The bus roadside and the identical overhead bus platform of elevated bus upper layer passenger carriage height, elevated bus, which arrives at a station, to stop Che Hou, optoelectronic induction control automatic aligning, synchronous on-off car door and gate.
5. a kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: including one The unmanned minicar of kind crosses the street viaduct, and main bridged ring type gantry is located at longitudinal road and belt road intersection center, draws Gantry is located at towards on the dividing strip between the car lane and non-motorized lane of each surface road of intersection, ring-like bridge And its bridge support of the ring road of connection access bridge is the structural system of a kind of cable-stayed bridge or suspension bridge.
6. a kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: including handle Bus or train route cooperative system and using mobile network as on user's line of terminal about vehicle, payment, service feedback grid interconnection city Transportation network regulates and controls center.
CN201811521251.9A 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system Pending CN109653046A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811521251.9A CN109653046A (en) 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811521251.9A CN109653046A (en) 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 A kind of urban road public transport three-dimensional operating system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110333325A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-15 中南大学 A kind of atmosphere pollution environment Train operation means of defence and system
CN111627240A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-09-04 南京美慧软件有限公司 Intelligent urban bus special lane facility system and control method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110333325A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-15 中南大学 A kind of atmosphere pollution environment Train operation means of defence and system
CN111627240A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-09-04 南京美慧软件有限公司 Intelligent urban bus special lane facility system and control method

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