CN106342430A - Saline-alkali land improving system with automatic salt control function - Google Patents

Saline-alkali land improving system with automatic salt control function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106342430A
CN106342430A CN201610763344.7A CN201610763344A CN106342430A CN 106342430 A CN106342430 A CN 106342430A CN 201610763344 A CN201610763344 A CN 201610763344A CN 106342430 A CN106342430 A CN 106342430A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
salt
soil layer
saline
micro
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610763344.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610763344.7A priority Critical patent/CN106342430A/en
Publication of CN106342430A publication Critical patent/CN106342430A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B77/00Machines for lifting and treating soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors

Abstract

The invention discloses a saline-alkali land improving system with an automatic salt control function, and belongs to the technical field of improvement of saline-alkali lands. The saline-alkali land improving system comprises a salt discharging and water collecting pond, a motor-pumped well, a water supply main tube and a control processor, wherein a micro-moistening tube is buried in a planting soil layer; a micro-irrigation water dropper is paved on the surface of the earth of the planting soil layer; a sprinkle head is arranged above the planting soil layer; the micro-moistening tube, the micro-irrigation water dropper and the sprinkle head respectively communicate with the water supply main tube through branch pipelines provided with irrigation electromagnetic control valves; and a salt discharging and water collecting tube is pre-buried in a saline-alkali layer. By a submerged pump, water in the motor-pumped well is pumped to the water supply main tube for the system to use, a salinity sensor at a water drainage opening of the salt discharging and water collecting tube can monitor the content of salt in saline, and transmit detection signals to the control processor, the control processor analyzes and controls the mode of using the micro-moistening tube, the micro-irrigation water dropper or the sprinkle head in the next step to further carry out water draining and salt leaching operations on the planting soil layer, and when the planting soil layer meets planting requirements, plants can be planted.

Description

A kind of alkaline land improving system with automatic salt control function
Technical field
The present invention relates to alkaline land improving technical field, especially a kind of alkaline land improving system with automatic salt control function System.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil is a species of salt aggregation, and inside soil, contained salinity has influence on the normal growth of crop, I State's alkaline earth and the formation of alkali-affected soil, most of relevant with the accumulation of Carbonates In Soil, thus basicity is generally higher, seriously Salt affected soil regional plant can hardly survive.In saline land greening plantation, pouring both can reduce the saline and alkaline of saline-alkali soil Amount, improves saline-alkali soil, and provides moisture for plant growing;But for the salt-soda soil area of scarcity of fresh water resources, this Irrigation certainly will cause water resource waste, and irrigation excessively also can raise with level of ground water, and accumulation of salt in the surface soil alkali phenomenon occurs, but irrigates not Fully, do not reach the purpose of improvement alkaline land soil again.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is for overcoming above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides and a kind of has the saline and alkaline of automatic salt control function Ground improved system.Water in motor-pumped well is evacuated to vibration means for main pipe for supplying water and uses for system by present invention setting immersible pump, first passes through control process Device controls irrigates electromagnetism sub-control valve and carries out that selection enables micro- profit pipe, Drip for drip irrigation, spray head carry out Drainage of salt, salt discharge collector pipe Salinity sensor at discharge outlet can monitor the bat mesohaline content of saline, and detection signal is passed to control process device, by Control process device comes that analysis and Control next step should take micro- profit pipe, Drip for drip irrigation, that mode in spray head is come is right further Plantation soil layer carries out Drainage of salt operation, when plantation soil layer reaches planting requirement, just can carry out plant growing.In planting process, Corresponding detection signal is passed to by control process device by setting illuminance transducer, humidity sensor, temperature sensor, analysis Control should take which kind of mode in micro- profit pipe, Drip for drip irrigation, spray head plant is irrigated, and to meet the growth of plant Need.In whole alkaline land improving and planting process, salinity sensor realizes the effect of salinity content in real-time detection salt discharge water, And then corresponding irrigation method is selected by control process device analysis and Control, and prevent the recurrence of the saline and alkaline disaster in salt-soda soil, simultaneously full Under sufficient varying environment, the demand of plant strain growth water.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical proposals: a kind of salt-soda soil with automatic salt control function changes Good system, it includes the filter layer being laid on saline and alkaline soil layer and is laid on plantation soil layer on described filter layer, and it also includes Salt discharge collecting-tank, motor-pumped well, vibration means for main pipe for supplying water, control process device, are embedded with micro- profit pipe, plant soil layer earth's surface table in described plantation soil layer Face is equipped with Drip for drip irrigation, and the top of plantation soil layer is provided with spray head, and described micro- profit pipe, Drip for drip irrigation, spray head lead to respectively Cross be equipped with irrigate electromagnetism sub-control valve bye-pass be connected with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water, be embedded with salt discharge in described saline and alkaline soil layer and catchment Pipe, the discharge outlet of described salt discharge collector pipe is connected with salt discharge collecting-tank, and motor-pumped well is by being mounted with pipeline and the water supply of immersible pump Supervisor is connected, and described salt discharge collecting-tank is connected with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water by being equipped with the bye-pass of the first salt filter and the first water pump Logical, the pipeline between described immersible pump and vibration means for main pipe for supplying water is also equipped with the second salt filter and the second water pump, and the entering of immersible pump Coarse filter is installed at the mouth of a river, the vibration means for main pipe for supplying water between described first water pump and the second water pump is also equipped with water supply electromagnetism sub-control Valve;
Described plantation soil layer earth's surface surface is additionally provided with illuminance transducer, humidity sensor, temperature sensor, described motor-pumped well Inside it is provided with level of ground water alarm sensor, be provided with salinity sensor at the discharge outlet of described salt discharge collector pipe, described illumination Sensor, humidity sensor, temperature sensor, level of ground water alarm sensor, salinity sensor pass through circuit and control process The signal input part of device is connected, and the control output end of described control process device is passed through circuit and irrigated electromagnetism sub-control valve, water supply Electromagnetism sub-control valve, the first water pump, the control end of the second water pump are connected.
Preferably, described vibration means for main pipe for supplying water is also communicated with the bypass line being equipped with the 3rd water pump and bypass solenoid valve.
Preferably, described salt discharge collector pipe is the corrugated tube that on the wall of side, rule offers multiple inlet openings.
Preferably, described salt discharge is catchmented and is wound with non-woven fibre cloth in pipe outer wall.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Water in motor-pumped well is evacuated to vibration means for main pipe for supplying water and uses for system by present invention setting immersible pump, first passes through control process device control System is irrigated electromagnetism sub-control valve and is carried out that selection enables micro- profit pipe, Drip for drip irrigation, spray head carry out Drainage of salt, salt discharge collector pipe draining The salinity sensor at mouthful place can monitor claps the mesohaline content of saline, and detection signal is passed to control process device, by controlling Processor carrys out analysis and Control next step and that mode in micro- profit pipe, Drip for drip irrigation, spray head should be taken to come further to plantation Soil layer carries out Drainage of salt operation, when plantation soil layer reaches planting requirement, just can carry out plant growing.In planting process, pass through Corresponding detection signal is passed to control process device, analysis and Control by setting illuminance transducer, humidity sensor, temperature sensor Should take which kind of mode in micro- profit pipe, Drip for drip irrigation, spray head plant is irrigated, and to meet the growth need of plant Will.In whole alkaline land improving and planting process, salinity sensor realizes the effect of salinity content in real-time detection salt discharge water, enters And pass through control process device analysis and Control and select corresponding irrigation method, prevent the recurrence of the saline and alkaline disaster in salt-soda soil, meet simultaneously Under varying environment, the demand of plant strain growth water.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Need exist for illustrating, the described noun of locality is left and right, upper and lower to be all definition on the basis of the view shown in by Fig. 1 It will be appreciated that the described noun of locality using the protection domain that the application is asked should do not limited.
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of alkaline land improving system with automatic salt control function, it includes being laid on saline and alkaline soil layer 4 On filter layer 2 and be laid on plantation soil layer 1 on described filter layer 2, it also includes salt discharge collecting-tank 51, motor-pumped well 6, supply water master Pipe 9, control process device 20, are embedded with micro- profit pipe 10, plantation soil layer 1 earth's surface surface is equipped with slight irrigation and drips in described plantation soil layer 1 11, the top of plantation soil layer 1 is provided with spray head 12, and described micro- profit pipe 10, Drip for drip irrigation 11, spray head 12 pass through dress respectively The bye-pass being furnished with irrigation electromagnetism sub-control valve 13 is connected with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water 9, is embedded with salt discharge collector pipe in described saline and alkaline soil layer 4 3, the discharge outlet of described salt discharge collector pipe 3 is connected with salt discharge collecting-tank 51, motor-pumped well 6 by be mounted with the pipeline of immersible pump 7 with Vibration means for main pipe for supplying water 9 is connected, described salt discharge collecting-tank 51 by be equipped with the bye-pass of the first salt filter 81 and the first water pump 91 with Vibration means for main pipe for supplying water 9 is connected, and the pipeline between described immersible pump 7 and vibration means for main pipe for supplying water 9 is also equipped with the second salt filter 82 and second Water pump 92, and the water inlet of immersible pump 7 is provided with coarse filter 71, the water supply between described first water pump 91 and the second water pump 92 It is also equipped with water supply electromagnetism sub-control valve 14 on supervisor 9;
Described plantation soil layer 1 earth's surface surface is additionally provided with illuminance transducer 15, humidity sensor 16, temperature sensor 17, It is provided with level of ground water alarm sensor 18 in described motor-pumped well 6, at the discharge outlet of described salt discharge collector pipe 3, be provided with salinity sensing Device 19, described illuminance transducer 15, humidity sensor 16, temperature sensor 17, level of ground water alarm sensor 18, salinity sensing Device 19 is connected with the signal input part of control process device 20 by circuit, and the control output end of described control process device 20 is passed through Circuit is connected with the control end of irrigation electromagnetism sub-control valve 13, water supply electromagnetism sub-control valve 14, the first water pump 91, the second water pump 92.
During work, the water in motor-pumped well 6 is evacuated to vibration means for main pipe for supplying water 9 and uses for system by immersible pump 7, starts the second water pump 92 and opens Open water supply electromagnetism sub-control valve 14 to be irrigated to plantation soil layer 1, irrigation method can be selected by irrigating electromagnetism sub-control valve 13 Select, the combination of micro- profit pipe 10, Drip for drip irrigation 11, spray head 12 or wherein several can be individually enabled, plantation soil layer 1 is carried out Drainage of salt, the salinity sensor 19 at salt discharge collector pipe 3 discharge outlet can monitor the bat mesohaline content of saline, and detection is believed Number pass to control process device 20, by control process device 20 come analysis and Control next step should take micro- profit pipe 10, Drip for drip irrigation 11, Which kind of mode in spray head 12 to carry out Drainage of salt operation to plantation soil layer 1 further, when salinity sensor 19 detects row Saline is mesohaline to be met when reaching planting requirement, just can carry out plant growing, in planting process, illumination on plantation soil layer 1 Corresponding detection signal is passed to control process device 20, analysis and Control by sensor 15, humidity sensor 16, temperature sensor 17 That mode in micro- profit pipe 10, Drip for drip irrigation 11, spray head 12 should be taken plant is irrigated, to meet the life of plant Long needs, for example, are more than the preset data in control process device 20 when the detection data of illuminance transducer 15, temperature sensor 17 It is to can determine whether that in the environment this moment plant soil layer 1, weather is more hot, evaporation capacity ratio is larger, in order to meet plant strain growth water Need and avoid the generation of water waste, after control process device 20 analysis, control micro- profit pipe 10 to work, direct to the root system of plant Supply water, meet needs.In whole alkaline land improving and planting process, salinity sensor 19 realizes salinity in real-time detection salt discharge water The effect of content, and then corresponding irrigation method is selected by control process device 20 analysis and Control, prevent the saline and alkaline disaster in salt-soda soil Recurrence, meet under varying environment, the demand of plant strain growth water simultaneously.
On the basis of technique scheme, described vibration means for main pipe for supplying water 9 is also communicated with outfit the 3rd water pump 93 and bypass electromagnetism The bypass line of valve.It is arranged such, bypass line can be used for connecting municipal water use etc., uses for system.
On the basis of technique scheme, described salt discharge collector pipe 3 is the ripple that on the wall of side, rule offers multiple inlet openings Stricture of vagina pipe.It is arranged such, salt discharge effect of catchmenting is good, with low cost, meets actually used needs.
On the basis of technique scheme, described salt discharge collector pipe 3 outer wall is wound with non-woven fibre cloth.It is arranged such, Non-woven fibre cloth can filter to the salt discharge water entering salt discharge collector pipe 3, prevents silt blocking inlet opening.
Although the above-mentioned accompanying drawing that combines is described to the specific embodiment of the present invention, not model is protected to the present invention The restriction enclosed, one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that on the basis of technical scheme, and those skilled in the art are not Need to pay the various modifications that creative work can make or deformation still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of alkaline land improving system with automatic salt control function it is characterised in that: it includes being laid on saline and alkaline soil layer (4) On filter layer (2) and be laid on plantation soil layer (1) on described filter layer (2), it also includes salt discharge collecting-tank (51), motor-pumped well (6), vibration means for main pipe for supplying water (9), control process device (20), is embedded with micro- profit pipe (10), plantation soil layer (1) in described plantation soil layer (1) Earth's surface surface is equipped with Drip for drip irrigation (11), and the top of plantation soil layer (1) is provided with spray head (12), described micro- profit pipe (10), Drip for drip irrigation (11), spray head (12) pass through to be equipped with the bye-pass irrigating electromagnetism sub-control valve (13) and vibration means for main pipe for supplying water (9) respectively It is connected, in described saline and alkaline soil layer (4), be embedded with salt discharge collector pipe (3), the discharge outlet of described salt discharge collector pipe (3) and salt discharge collection Pond (51) is connected, and motor-pumped well (6) is connected with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water (9) by being mounted with the pipeline of immersible pump (7), described salt discharge collection Pond (51) is connected with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water (9) by being equipped with the bye-pass of the first salt filter (81) and the first water pump (91), institute State and the second salt filter (82) and the second water pump (92) are also equipped with the pipeline between immersible pump (7) and vibration means for main pipe for supplying water (9), and latent The water inlet of water pump (7) is provided with coarse filter (71), the water supply master between described first water pump (91) and the second water pump (92) It is also equipped with water supply electromagnetism sub-control valve (14) on pipe (9);
Described plantation soil layer (1) earth's surface surface is additionally provided with illuminance transducer (15), humidity sensor (16), temperature sensor (17), it is provided with level of ground water alarm sensor (18) in described motor-pumped well (6), set at the discharge outlet of described salt discharge collector pipe (3) It is equipped with salinity sensor (19), described illuminance transducer (15), humidity sensor (16), temperature sensor (17), level of ground water Alarm sensor (18), salinity sensor (19) are connected with the signal input part of control process device (20) by circuit, described The control output end of control process device (20) pass through circuit with irrigate electromagnetism sub-control valve (13), water supply electromagnetism sub-control valve (14), the One water pump (91), the control end of the second water pump (92) are connected.
2. a kind of alkaline land improving system with automatic salt control function according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described The bypass line being equipped with the 3rd water pump (93) and bypass solenoid valve is also communicated with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water (9).
3. a kind of alkaline land improving system with automatic salt control function according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described Salt discharge collector pipe (3) is the corrugated tube that on the wall of side, rule offers multiple inlet openings.
4. a kind of alkaline land improving system with automatic salt control function according to claim 3 it is characterised in that: described It is wound with non-woven fibre cloth on salt discharge collector pipe (3) outer wall.
CN201610763344.7A 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Saline-alkali land improving system with automatic salt control function Pending CN106342430A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155825A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-15 防城港市长歧水利管理所 A kind of farmland irrigating device
CN107360951A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-21 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of system for automatically controlling soil moisture content
CN108182673A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-19 山东省林业科学研究院 A kind of improvement in salt-soda soil and administering method and system
CN109168379A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-01-11 内蒙古农业大学 One kind pressing salt desalting system for Saline-alkali Land In Hetao Irrigation Region
CN109673477A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-04-26 王菲 A kind of ecological park roof vegetation irrigation rig
CN113396740A (en) * 2021-07-24 2021-09-17 无锡市锡山三建实业有限公司 Roof rainwater garden with preset green plant fertilization system
CN113678596A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-23 菏泽学院 Be suitable for saline and alkaline land environment's green plant to cultivate with arranging salt penetrant unit
CN113692796A (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-11-26 深圳市万卉园景观工程有限公司 A arrange salt structure that is used for coastal saline and alkaline land to restore and administer

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EP1652823A2 (en) * 2004-10-28 2006-05-03 Owen Thomas Leonard A rainwater treatment process
CN104509425A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-15 西安天动数字科技有限公司 Automatic irrigation system
CN204466439U (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-07-15 临泽县葱蓉生态农林科技开发有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and environmental protecting booth
CN204579116U (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-08-26 江苏海事职业技术学院 One Plants automatic irrigation system
CN204741913U (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-11-11 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Saline soil reclamation planting technique and irrigation system
CN105075807A (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-11-25 天津市安正利网络工程科技有限公司 Intelligent irrigation system based on Internet of Things

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1652823A2 (en) * 2004-10-28 2006-05-03 Owen Thomas Leonard A rainwater treatment process
CN104509425A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-15 西安天动数字科技有限公司 Automatic irrigation system
CN105075807A (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-11-25 天津市安正利网络工程科技有限公司 Intelligent irrigation system based on Internet of Things
CN204466439U (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-07-15 临泽县葱蓉生态农林科技开发有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and environmental protecting booth
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155825A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-15 防城港市长歧水利管理所 A kind of farmland irrigating device
CN107360951A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-21 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of system for automatically controlling soil moisture content
CN108182673A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-19 山东省林业科学研究院 A kind of improvement in salt-soda soil and administering method and system
CN109168379A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-01-11 内蒙古农业大学 One kind pressing salt desalting system for Saline-alkali Land In Hetao Irrigation Region
CN109673477A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-04-26 王菲 A kind of ecological park roof vegetation irrigation rig
CN109673477B (en) * 2019-01-24 2022-01-25 王菲 Ecological garden roof vegetation irrigation equipment
CN113396740A (en) * 2021-07-24 2021-09-17 无锡市锡山三建实业有限公司 Roof rainwater garden with preset green plant fertilization system
CN113678596A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-23 菏泽学院 Be suitable for saline and alkaline land environment's green plant to cultivate with arranging salt penetrant unit
CN113692796A (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-11-26 深圳市万卉园景观工程有限公司 A arrange salt structure that is used for coastal saline and alkaline land to restore and administer

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