CN207252436U - A kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system - Google Patents

A kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207252436U
CN207252436U CN201721191923.5U CN201721191923U CN207252436U CN 207252436 U CN207252436 U CN 207252436U CN 201721191923 U CN201721191923 U CN 201721191923U CN 207252436 U CN207252436 U CN 207252436U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
collector pipe
soil moisture
soil
original
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721191923.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周新国
李东伟
甄博
李会贞
田广丽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
Original Assignee
Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
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Priority to CN201721191923.5U priority Critical patent/CN207252436U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207252436U publication Critical patent/CN207252436U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content to irrigate system, which includes original position soil moisture transducer, and the original position soil moisture transducer is used to obtain real-time soil water content information;Collector pipe, the collector pipe are connected with water-storing device, and the water-storing device is provided with the pumping plant water plug being connected with the collector pipe;More field hidden pipes, the more field hidden pipes are connected with the collector pipe respectively, and the more field hidden pipes are both provided with solenoid valve with the collector pipe connecting place;Fine-spraying belt, the fine-spraying belt include microspray irrigation band, and the microspray irrigation band is connected with the collector pipe.The system structure advantages of simple, collector pipe can both be used as the supervisor collected, can also be used as the water-supply-pipe of fine-spraying belt, can reach the effect saved and be laid with cost.The system can automatically control soil moisture content, to improve crop arable layer moisture, so as to ensure rape and the good growing environment of rice, improve water application efficiency.

Description

A kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system
Technical field
Agricultural production equipment technical field is the utility model is related to, more particularly to a kind of soil moisture content that automatically controls Row irrigates system.
Background technology
Yangtze river basin rapeseed cultivation area accounts for 85% or so of the china rape gross area, since the region Rape-seed production is main Using rice and rape rotation cropping pattern, since soil sticks, weight, level of ground water are high, draining is difficult, and the area moistens throughout the year in addition It is rainy, cause topsoil water content to be chronically at excessive or saturation state, soil aeration performance declines, and rape root is long-term In deficency state, rape physiological metabolism process is seriously affected, occurs flood within crop whole breeding time or some growing stage Stain endangers, so as to influence yield of rape;Southern area Rice Growing later stage, traditional tillage system reform use drowned rice field, in addition Later stage rainfall is excessive, causes soil moisture content excessive for a long time, and pole is unfavorable for rape seed, is moved after causing rape breeding time, influences Rice transplanting;In addition, the region is since climatic effect can there are uncertain, the traditional surface irrigation of seasonal drought and rainfall Cause irrigating water quota excessive, Heavy Precipitation is met with after irrigation, new flooded stain harm can be produced, form the danger of non-irrigated racing flood stain Evil.
Farmland drought and waterlogging be influence healthy growth of crops Main Factors, irrigation and drainage engineering be regulation and control crop drought and The effective means of flooded stain harm, good irrigation and drainage condition and facility, can reduce crops drought and waterlogging stain within the time of infertility Harm, so as to ensure the environment of the normal growth and development of crop;The higher area of underground water buried depth, precipitation, irrigation, underground water and The contact of the soil water is very close, and farmland irrigating is general and draining can effectively regulate and control soil in the arable layer in Crop growing stage Water content, is allowed to be in suitable scope, ensures crop normal growth and development and inner metabolism reflection;Meanwhile unfavorable row Water can cause field nutrient loss and water environment pollution, while can also cause farmland surface water, underground water, the soil water and nitrogen phosphorus etc. The loss of nutrient, therefore, using produce reality as background, with reference to this area's precipitation, the soil water and groundwater condition, around crops Suitable soil water content and law of needing the water in the crop time of infertility, establish monitoring system, propose Reasonable Regulation And Control scheme, automatically control Soil moisture content, to improve crop arable layer moisture, so as to ensure rape and the good growing environment of rice, improves water conservancy and imitates Rate.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content and irrigates system.
The utility model provides following scheme:
A kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system, including:
Original position soil moisture transducer, the original position soil moisture transducer are used to obtain real-time soil water content letter Breath;
Collector pipe, the collector pipe are connected with water-storing device, and the water-storing device is provided with what is be connected with the collector pipe Pumping plant water plug;
More field hidden pipes, the more field hidden pipes are connected with the collector pipe respectively, the more field hidden pipes with The collector pipe connecting place is both provided with solenoid valve;
Fine-spraying belt, the fine-spraying belt include microspray irrigation band, and the microspray irrigation band is connected with the collector pipe;
Controller, the original position soil moisture transducer, pumping plant water plug, solenoid valve respectively with the controller phase Even;The controller is used to receive the real-time soil water content information that the original position soil moisture transducer is sent, and passes through The soil water content information control the pumping plant water plug start or stop and the solenoid valve plays on or off Close.
Preferably:The water-storing device includes the first cistern and the second cistern;First cistern with it is described Water plant denitrogenation dephosphorizing band is provided between second cistern;
Wherein, the water in first cistern can flow into second water storage via the water plant denitrogenation dephosphorizing band In pond;The pumping plant water plug is located in second cistern
Preferably:The original position soil moisture transducer is multiple.
Preferably:The controller is connected with display
According to specific embodiment provided by the utility model, the utility model discloses following technique effect:
Pass through the utility model, it is possible to achieve a kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system, in a kind of realization side Under formula, which can include original position soil moisture transducer, and the original position soil moisture transducer is used to obtain real-time soil Moisture information;Collector pipe, the collector pipe are connected with water-storing device, and the water-storing device is provided with and the collector pipe phase Pumping plant water plug even;More field hidden pipes, the more field hidden pipes are connected with the collector pipe respectively, the more fields Between hidden pipe and the collector pipe connecting place be both provided with solenoid valve;Fine-spraying belt, the fine-spraying belt include microspray irrigation band, micro- spray Band is filled with the collector pipe to be connected;Controller, the original position soil moisture transducer, pumping plant water plug, solenoid valve respectively with The controller is connected;The controller is used to receive the real-time soil water content that the original position soil moisture transducer is sent Information, and by the soil water content information control the pumping plant water plug start or stop and the solenoid valve Open or close.The system for automatically controlling soil moisture content that the application provides, simple and reasonable, collector pipe can both be made Supervisor to collect uses, and can also be used as the water-supply-pipe of fine-spraying belt, can reach the effect saved and be laid with cost.This is System can automatically control soil moisture content, to improve crop arable layer moisture, so as to ensure rape and the good growth ring of rice Border, improves water application efficiency.
Certainly, any product for implementing the utility model does not necessarily require achieving all the advantages described above at the same time.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only the utility model Some embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that a kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content that the utility model embodiment provides irrigates system Figure.
In figure:Original position soil moisture transducer 1, collector pipe 2, water-storing device 3, pumping plant water plug 4, field hidden pipe 5, electricity Magnet valve 6, fine-spraying belt 7, controller 8.
Embodiment
The following is a combination of the drawings in the embodiments of the present utility model, and the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art's all other embodiments obtained, all belong to In the scope of the utility model protection.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content provided for the utility model embodiment irrigates system, such as schemes Shown in 1, which includes original position soil moisture transducer 1, and the original position soil moisture transducer 1 is used to obtain the real-time soil water Divide content information;In practical applications, the original position soil moisture transducer is multiple.
Collector pipe 2, the collector pipe 2 are connected with water-storing device 3, and the water-storing device 3 is provided with and 2 phase of collector pipe Pumping plant water plug 4 even;
More field hidden pipes 5, the more field hidden pipes 5 are connected with the collector pipe 2 respectively, the more field hidden pipes 5 are both provided with solenoid valve 6 with 2 connecting place of collector pipe;
Fine-spraying belt 7, the fine-spraying belt 7 include microspray irrigation band, and the microspray irrigation band is connected with the collector pipe;
Controller 8, the original position soil moisture transducer 1, pumping plant water plug 4, solenoid valve 6 respectively with the controller 8 are connected;The controller 8 is used to receive the real-time soil water content information that the original position soil moisture transducer is sent, and By the soil water content information control the pumping plant water plug start or stop and the opening of the solenoid valve Or close.Specifically, when the soil water content information is less than the Suitable Soil Moisture scope of plant growth;The control Equipment controls the solenoid valve to close, while controls the pumping plant water plug to start;Will pass through the pumping plant water plug Water in the water-storing device is sprayed via the collector pipe and fine-spraying belt and is irrigated;When the soil water content is believed When breath is more than the Suitable Soil Moisture scope of plant growth;The control device controls the solenoid valve to open, while controls institute State the stopping of pumping plant water plug;So that field superfluous water can flow into the water storage by the field hidden pipe and the collector pipe In device.In order to facilitate display, the controller is connected with display.
In order to which the underground water that will be discharged by field hidden pipe carries out denitrogenation dephosphorizing processing, the embodiment of the present application can also provide institute Stating water-storing device includes the first cistern and the second cistern;Set between first cistern and second cistern There is water plant denitrogenation dephosphorizing band;Wherein, the water in first cistern can be flowed into via the water plant denitrogenation dephosphorizing band In second cistern;The pumping plant water plug is located in second cistern.The water plant denitrogenation dephosphorizing band can In the form of being designed to wetland or pond, wherein the plant for denitrogenation dephosphorizing can include water peanut, water hyacinth, duckweed etc. Plant.Above-mentioned plant is respectively provided with good Nitrogen/Phosphorus Removal, the sewage discharged by underground can be carried out purified treatment, at purification Water after reason is used for field irrigation.
The fine-spraying belt that the application provides is a kind of mode of slight irrigation, and slight irrigation is to be assembled into irrigation system using micro-irrigation equipment, Pressure water conveying is assigned to field to ask, moistens the local filling of one kind of soil near crop root with small flow by pouring water Water technology.Water can easily be applied the soil for being poured into each plant of vicinity of plants by slight irrigation, often maintain relatively low water stress Meet plant growth needs.Slight irrigation water-saving, saving of labor, energy saving, the operating pressure of douche is generally 50 1 150kpa;Pour water uniformly Degree is high, up to more than 80 1 90;Volume increase, to the adaptable of soil and landform.But irrigation system investment will generally be far above ground Face fills;Emitter outlet very little, easily blocks, and the requirement to filtration system is high.Irrigation system forms:Water source, head pivot, transmission & distribution Grid, douche and flow, Pressure Control Unit and measuring instrument etc..The operation principle of fine-spraying belt is to pass through water with pressure Cross water-supply-pipe and micro-nozzle band is sent to field, pass through the apopore on micro-nozzle band, under the action of gravity and air drag, shape Into the spray effect as drizzle.Water-supply-pipe in the fine-spraying belt that the application provides catchments using with what field hidden pipe was connected Pipe, can so reduce the laying of water-supply-pipe, reach the effect of one tube multipurpose, save equipment cost.
In short, the application provide automatically control soil moisture content irrigation and drainage system, simple and reasonable, collector pipe both can be with Use, can also be used as the water-supply-pipe of fine-spraying belt as the supervisor collected, the effect saved and be laid with cost can be reached.Should System can automatically control soil moisture content, to improve crop arable layer moisture, so as to ensure rape and the good growth of rice Environment, improves water application efficiency.
It should be noted that herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any this actual relation or order.Moreover, term " comprising ", "comprising" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements not only will including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include as this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic key element.In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that Also there are other identical element in process, method, article or equipment including the key element.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the protection model of the utility model Enclose.Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on where within the spirit and principles of the present invention, are all contained in this reality With in new protection domain.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system, it is characterised in that including:
Original position soil moisture transducer, the original position soil moisture transducer are used to obtain real-time soil water content information;
Collector pipe, the collector pipe are connected with water-storing device, and the water-storing device is provided with the pumping plant being connected with the collector pipe Water plug;
More field hidden pipes, the more field hidden pipes are connected with the collector pipe respectively, the more field hidden pipes with it is described Collector pipe connecting place is both provided with solenoid valve;
Fine-spraying belt, the fine-spraying belt include microspray irrigation band, and the microspray irrigation band is connected with the collector pipe;
Controller, the original position soil moisture transducer, pumping plant water plug, solenoid valve are connected with the controller respectively;Institute State controller to be used to receive the real-time soil water content information that the original position soil moisture transducer is sent, and pass through the soil Earth moisture information controls starting or stoping for the pumping plant water plug and opening or closing for the solenoid valve.
2. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water-storing device includes the first cistern and the second storage Pond;Water plant denitrogenation dephosphorizing band is provided between first cistern and second cistern;
Wherein, the water in first cistern can flow into second cistern via the water plant denitrogenation dephosphorizing band It is interior;The pumping plant water plug is located in second cistern.
3. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the original position soil moisture transducer is multiple.
4. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the controller is connected with display.
CN201721191923.5U 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system Expired - Fee Related CN207252436U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721191923.5U CN207252436U (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721191923.5U CN207252436U (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of row for automatically controlling soil moisture content irrigates system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207252436U true CN207252436U (en) 2018-04-20

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107360951A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-21 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of system for automatically controlling soil moisture content

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107360951A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-21 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 A kind of system for automatically controlling soil moisture content

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Granted publication date: 20180420

Termination date: 20200918