CN106278571A - A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium - Google Patents

A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium Download PDF

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CN106278571A
CN106278571A CN201610628847.3A CN201610628847A CN106278571A CN 106278571 A CN106278571 A CN 106278571A CN 201610628847 A CN201610628847 A CN 201610628847A CN 106278571 A CN106278571 A CN 106278571A
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seedling
oil tea
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folium
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张琦
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
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Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of plant propagation, be specifically related to a kind of oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium, described substrate includes following raw material: yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens.The matrix nutrition made enriches, comprehensively, rich in various trace element, except containing substantial amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, outside the available nutrients such as potassium, possibly together with abundant organic matter, humic acids and bioactive substance, it is not only a kind of well seedling medium, also it is to imitate the quick-acting nuisanceless fertilizers having both late, the growth needs of transplanted seedling can be met, water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability is strong, fertilizer efficiency is lasting, have concurrently disease-resistant, parasite killing, bacteriostasis, there is obvious seedling raising and strengthening, nursery speed is fast, the effects such as nursery strong stress resistance, the auxins and the biological active matter mass-energy that contain supplement seedling growth desired nutritional, take out tip rate high, photosynthesis strengthens, promote root growth, especially side root, be conducive to the growth of cutting seedling middle and late stage.

Description

A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium
[technical field]
The invention belongs to technical field of plant propagation, be specifically related to a kind of oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium.
[background technology]
Oil tea (Camellia oleifera) refers to that in Theaceae Camellia Plants, fat content is higher and has cultivation warp The general name of the class plant that Ji is worth, originates in China, is China distinctive woody edible oil material seeds, with Fructus Canarii albi, Petiolus Trachycarpi, coconut palm Son the referred to as big traditional oil tree in the world four.Oil tea Main Economic output is Oleum Camelliae, and its unsaturated fatty acid content is up to 85%~97%, it is the first-elected health care vegetable edible oil of international food and agricultural organization.In recent years, China greatly develops oil tea kind Planting, nursery stock demand constantly expands.
Oil tea is with seed, cuttage or propagation by grafiting.Carry out breeding and seedling with seed, need substantial amounts of improved seeds oil tea kind Son, the seedling cycle is longer, it is impossible to meets the demand in market, and breeds nursery stock out it cannot be guaranteed that keep the Optimality of parent Shape, character is likely to inconsistent;For keeping the merit of parent, cuttage or graft seedling growth is used to have root regeneration ability The advantages such as by force, the surrival rate of afforestation is high, growth of seedling is fast after afforestation.In cottage propagation, cutting seedling typically also needs to continue to educate after surviving Seedling 1-2, when making transplanting, seedling root is flourishing, strain footpath is sturdy, transplants the surrival rate of afforestation high, for improving the utilization effect of nursery lot Rate, uninterruptedly producing nursery, cutting seedling is taken root and must be transplanted in time in container for plant growth after surviving carry out continuing nursery throughout the year, because of This, transplanting seedling medium is the key factor that nursery stock finally survives with growth promoter, how to select and to prepare substrate, educating container The success or failure of Seedling play crucial decisive action.
[summary of the invention]
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of oil tea cutting seedling utilizing organic waste matter to be fabricated to Transplant seedling medium, be possible not only to reduce the seedling cost of oil tea, and expanded bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer etc. Utilization ways.
The present invention seeks to be achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium, described base Matter includes following raw material: yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, conch meal, bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f must, remaining Sweet cotyledon, Folium Pini, lichens.
Wherein, described Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are fresh goods.
Further, each raw material of described substrate is formed by following parts by weight: yellow soil 72-85 part, plant ash 17-24 Part, chlorella powder 4-7 part, conch meal 6-11 part, bagasse 17-25 part, waste material of edible mushroom 26-35 part, distiller's grains of beer 13-21 part, banyan Tree must 8-13 part, Folium Phyllanthi 12-16 part, Folium Pini 9-16 part, lichens 13-18 part.
Further, each raw material of described substrate is formed by following parts by weight: yellow soil 75 parts, plant ash 17 parts, chlorella 5 parts of powder, conch meal 7 parts, bagasse 20 parts, waste material of edible mushroom 28 parts, distiller's grains of beer 15 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f must 8 parts, Folium Phyllanthi 13 parts, Folium Pini 10 parts, lichens 15 parts.
Further, each raw material of described substrate is formed by following parts by weight: yellow soil 80 parts, plant ash 21 parts, green 7 parts of algae powder, conch meal 10 parts, bagasse 23 parts, waste material of edible mushroom 34 parts, distiller's grains of beer 18 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus 10 parts, Folium Phyllanthi 14 Part, Folium Pini 13 parts, lichens 16 parts.
Described oil tea cutting seedling transplants the preparation method of seedling medium, comprises the following steps:
1), after weighing described each raw material by described parts by weight, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are dried, so Rear mixed powder is broken into the smalls of no more than 0.3cm;
2) bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer three raw material are poured in fermentation vat, inject biogas slurry, be uniformly mixed, After staticly settling, biogas slurry liquid level exceeds raw material and is no less than 10cm, soaking fermentation more than 3 months, then pulls out, dries, is ground into It is not more than the granule of 3mm;
3) by yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, conch meal and step 2) prepare smalls, step 3) prepare granule fill Dividing stirring and evenly mixing, heap is in heaps, adds water and mixes thoroughly, and amount of water does not flow out water with substrate heap bottom and is limited, natural compost more than 5 months, Can be prepared by described oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium.
In the present invention, the correlation properties of each primary raw material are as follows:
Plant ash, main component is potassium carbonate (K2CO3), because plant ash is the ashes after burning plants, so being all plants Contained mineral element, nearly all contains in plant ash.What wherein content was most is potassium element, general containing potassium 6~12%, wherein 90% is above water solublity, exists with carbonate form;Next to that phosphorus, general containing 1.5~3%;Possibly together with calcium, magnesium, silicon, sulfur and The micronutrient elements such as ferrum, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum.When waiting potassium amount to use plant ash, fertilizer efficiency is better than Chemical Potassium.So, it Be a kind of wide material sources, with low cost, nutrient is complete, the obvious inorganic farm manure of fertilizer efficiency.Plant ash has promotion germination, rush Enter to take root, prevent fallen leaves, the suppression effect such as pest and disease damage, be also the disinfectant raw material that is widely present of rural area simultaneously, have the strongest Killing the effect of pathogen and virus, its effect is similar to conventional potent disinfectant Caustic soda.
Bagasse is the fibroid residue of Caulis Sacchari sinensis cane stalk after crushing and extracting sugarcane juice, is the main pair of sugar industry Product, for Renewable resource.The sucrose often producing 1t will produce the bagasse of about 1t.In the composition of bagasse, cellulose is 32%~48%, hemicellulose 19%~24%, lignin 23%~32%, ash about 4%.Along with going deep into of research, Caulis Sacchari sinensis The comprehensive utilization of slag increasingly comes into one's own.
Distiller's grains of beer mainly by the cot of Fructus Hordei Germinatus, leaf bud, insoluble protein, hemicellulose, fat, ash and do not divide on a small quantity The starch solved and the solubility extractum not washed out composition.Generally speaking, distiller's grains of beer contain abundant crude protein and trace element, There is higher nutritive value.In distiller's grains of beer dry containing crude protein 25.13%, crude fat 7.13%, crude fibre 13.81%, Ash 3.64%, calcium 0.4%, phosphorus 0.57%;On aminoacid forms, lysine accounts for 0.95%, methionine 0.51%, cystine 0.30%, arginine 1.52%, isoleucine 1.40%, leucine 1.67%, phenylalanine 1.31%, tyrosine 1.15%; Possibly together with trace element such as abundant manganese, ferrum, copper.After biogas slurry soaking fermentation, can be fully by the macromole in fresh beer vinasse Organic substance, difficult decomposed substance are degraded to little molecule, the material easily absorbed, and produce substantial amounts of bioactive substance and humic Acid, the organic mass-energy chesson in distiller's grains of beer after biogas slurry soaking fermentation processes, the humic acids that contains are conducive to soil micro- Biological activity and soil aggregate formation etc..
Waste material of edible mushroom is again mushroom bran, dreg, leftover bits and pieces, useless bacterium cylinder, is the compost after culturing edible fungus, containing abundant Protein and other nutrition, agricultural production has higher value.Flourishing along with mushroom industry is sent out Exhibition, waste material of edible mushroom is treated as the matter of utmost importance that the most vast mushroom agriculture is faced.To these waste material of edible mushroom, vast mushroom agriculture is not Can accomplish that the process of science utilizes, arbitrarily abandon or stack, not only wasting resource, also resulting in mycete and pest infestation, polluting ring Border.Rich in Organic substance and multiple mineral element in waste material of edible mushroom.Wherein N, P, K nutrient content is higher than Caulis et Folium Oryzae and fresh excrement.Soil In use waste material of edible mushroom after, the humus with good water-holding capacity of ventilating can be formed.To improvement soil, increase soil fertility Significant.Additionally, edible fungi mycelium is in growth course, secret out of certain kinetins material and special enzyme, and These enzymes can make the Organic substance of complexity resolve into the nutrient substance being easily absorbed by plants.After biogas slurry soaking fermentation, further will Larger molecular organics in waste material of edible mushroom, difficult decomposed substance, poisonous and harmful substance are degraded to little molecule, easily absorption, nontoxic nothing The material of evil, and produce substantial amounts of bioactive substance and humic acid, the waste material of edible mushroom after biogas slurry soaking fermentation processes In organic mass-energy chesson, the humic acids that contains be conducive to soil microbial activity and soil aggregate formation etc..
Containing dry 94.04% in Folium Pini, protein 11.39%, fat 10.31%, ether extractum (include resin, Volatile oil, chlorophyll, carotene etc.) 11.87%, tannin 4.58%, reduzate 3.36%, pentosan 6.78%, lignin 22.96%, cellulose 29.73%, flooding extract 18.66%, ash 3.08%, calcic 0.54%, phosphorous 0.08%.Except above-mentioned Outside composition, possibly together with a large amount of vitamin, in 3 years raw needles, ascorbic content is 0.522 milligrams per gram, and carotene carotene content is 0.13-0.2 milligrams per gram, chlorophyll is 5-7 milligrams per gram.After becoming substrate with other stockpile rettings, it is possible not only to play Chesson, the effect of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, moreover it is possible to provide abundant nutrient substance and trace element for plant.
Compared with prior art, the method have the advantages that
Being studied by long term test, applicant develops a kind of oil tea cutting seedling that is very suitable for and transplants the substrate of nursery, The selected each raw material of described substrate and optimum proportioning thereof, to each raw material through specific aim PROCESS FOR TREATMENT, utilize raw material each useful component With mutual synergism, make the matrix nutrition made abundant, comprehensively, rich in various trace element, except containing substantial amounts of nitrogen, Outside the available nutrient such as phosphorus, potassium, possibly together with abundant organic matter, humic acids and bioactive substance, it is not only one and well educates Seedling substrate, is also to imitate the quick-acting nuisanceless fertilizers having both late, can meet the growth needs of transplanted seedling, and water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability is strong, fertile Effect persistently, has disease-resistant, parasite killing, bacteriostasis concurrently, has obvious seedling raising and strengthening, and nursery speed is fast, the equivalence of nursery strong stress resistance Really, the auxins and the biological active matter mass-energy that contain supplement seedling growth desired nutritional, take out tip rate height, and photosynthesis strengthens, Promote root growth, especially side root, beneficially cutting seedling middle and late stage growth.
Seedling medium of the present invention is applicable to the oil tea cutting seedling of cutting survival, has certain root system, notes during lifting Hinder root less, and carry a little yellow soil or sandy loam, protection young root and side root, improve transplanting survival rate.
The raw material resources that the present invention needs are sufficient, and wide material sources easily obtain.Seedling medium is easily prepared, operating technology It is easily mastered, not only reduces camellia seedling cost, and expanded the utilization way of bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer etc. Footpath, takes full advantage of high-quality and efficient fertilizer.
The raw material types that the present invention selects is few, common, and preparation method is simple, is easily mastered and popularization and application.
[detailed description of the invention]
The following examples can help those skilled in the art that the present invention is more fully understood, but cannot be with any Mode limits the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium, including the raw material of following parts by weight: yellow soil 72 parts, plant ash 17 Part, chlorella powder 4 parts, conch meal 6 parts, bagasse 17 parts, waste material of edible mushroom 26 parts, distiller's grains of beer 13 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus 8 parts, Fructus Phyllanthi 12 parts of leaf, Folium Pini 9 parts, lichens 13 parts;Wherein, described Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are fresh goods.
Described oil tea cutting seedling transplants the preparation method of seedling medium, comprises the following steps:
1), after weighing described each raw material by described parts by weight, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are dried, so Rear mixed powder is broken into the smalls of no more than 0.3cm;
2) bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer three raw material are poured in fermentation vat, inject biogas slurry, be uniformly mixed, After staticly settling, biogas slurry liquid level exceeds raw material and is no less than 10cm, soaking fermentation more than 3 months, then pulls out, dries, is ground into It is not more than the granule of 3mm;
3) by yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, conch meal and step 2) prepare smalls, step 3) prepare granule fill Point stirring and evenly mixing, heap is in heaps, adds water and mixes thoroughly, and amount of water does not flow out biogas slurry with substrate heap bottom and is limited, natural compost 5 months with On, can be prepared by described oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium.
Being loaded in nutritive cube by above-mentioned prepared seedling medium, nutritive cube specification is 12cm × 14cm, is placed in nursery Ground.After the oil tea cutting seedling survived is transplanted the seedling medium to nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and grows under shading shed, enters Row daily watering, uprooting weed, carry out 1 time every about 20d.
Oil tea Seedling survival rate 97~99% is investigated when 2 months;Investigating oil tea Seedling storage rate when six months is 96~98%, newly The tip takes out tip rate 100%, and the average base diameter of young sprout reaches 1.54mm, and young sprout average length is 7.86cm.
Carry out maximum conditions testing experiment
The oil tea cutting seedling survived being transplanted to the seedling medium of nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and is placed in warmhouse booth Growth, no longer carry out watering, the most not carrying out any daily management activity, observes the growing state of oil tea Seedling.Result shows: oil Tea cutting seedling is transplanted and within latter second day, is i.e. started normal growth, extracts young leaves, the long root that makes new advances out;Within continuous 180 days, do not water, do not topdress, Beginning to show hydropenia phenomenon, seedling medium does not hardens, and in the meantime, oil tea Seedling well-grown, blade is plump, without pest and disease damage.
Embodiment 2
A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium, including the raw material of following parts by weight: yellow soil 75 parts, plant ash 17 Part, chlorella powder 5 parts, conch meal 7 parts, bagasse 20 parts, waste material of edible mushroom 28 parts, distiller's grains of beer 15 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus 8 parts, Fructus Phyllanthi 13 parts of leaf, Folium Pini 10 parts, lichens 15 parts;Wherein, described Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are fresh goods.
Described oil tea cutting seedling transplants the preparation method of seedling medium, comprises the following steps:
1), after weighing described each raw material by described parts by weight, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are dried, so Rear mixed powder is broken into the smalls of 0.2-0.3cm;
2) bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer three raw material are poured in fermentation vat, inject biogas slurry, be uniformly mixed, After staticly settling, biogas slurry liquid level exceeds raw material and is no less than 10cm, soaking fermentation more than 3 months, then pulls out, dries, is ground into The granule of 2.5mm;
3) by yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, conch meal and step 2) prepare smalls, step 3) prepare granule fill Point stirring and evenly mixing, heap is in heaps, adds water and mixes thoroughly, and amount of water does not flow out biogas slurry with substrate heap bottom and is limited, natural compost 5 months with On, can be prepared by described oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium.
Being loaded in nutritive cube by above-mentioned prepared seedling medium, nutritive cube specification is 12cm × 14cm, is placed in nursery Ground.After the oil tea cutting seedling survived is transplanted the seedling medium to nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and grows under shading shed, enters Row daily watering, uprooting weed, carry out 1 time every about 20d.
Oil tea Seedling survival rate 98~99% is investigated when 2 months;Investigating oil tea Seedling storage rate when six months is 97~98%, newly The tip takes out tip rate 100%, and the average base diameter of young sprout reaches 1.64mm, and young sprout average length is 8.06cm.
Carry out maximum conditions testing experiment
The oil tea cutting seedling survived being transplanted to the seedling medium of nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and is placed in warmhouse booth Growth, no longer carry out watering, the most not carrying out any daily management activity, observes the growing state of oil tea Seedling.Result shows: oil Tea cutting seedling is transplanted and within latter second day, is i.e. started normal growth, extracts young leaves, the long root that makes new advances out;Within continuous 185 days, do not water, do not topdress, Beginning to show hydropenia phenomenon, seedling medium does not hardens, and in the meantime, oil tea Seedling well-grown, blade is plump, without pest and disease damage.
Embodiment 3
A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium, including the raw material of following parts by weight: yellow soil 80 parts, plant ash 21 Part, chlorella powder 7 parts, conch meal 10 parts, bagasse 23 parts, waste material of edible mushroom 34 parts, distiller's grains of beer 18 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus 10 parts, emblic Cotyledon 14 parts, Folium Pini 13 parts, lichens 16 parts;Wherein, described Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are fresh goods.
Described oil tea cutting seedling transplants the preparation method of seedling medium, comprises the following steps:
1), after weighing described each raw material by described parts by weight, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are dried, so Rear mixed powder is broken into the smalls of 0.15cm;
2) bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer three raw material are poured in fermentation vat, inject biogas slurry, be uniformly mixed, After staticly settling, biogas slurry liquid level exceeds raw material and is no less than 10cm, soaking fermentation more than 3 months, then pulls out, dries, is ground into The granule of 2mm;
3) by yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, conch meal and step 2) prepare smalls, step 3) prepare granule fill Point stirring and evenly mixing, heap is in heaps, adds water and mixes thoroughly, and amount of water does not flow out biogas slurry with substrate heap bottom and is limited, natural compost 5 months with On, can be prepared by described oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium.
Being loaded in nutritive cube by above-mentioned prepared seedling medium, nutritive cube specification is 12cm × 14cm, is placed in nursery Ground.After the oil tea cutting seedling survived is transplanted the seedling medium to nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and grows under shading shed, enters Row daily watering, uprooting weed, carry out 1 time every about 20d.
Oil tea Seedling survival rate 98~99% is investigated when 2 months;Investigating oil tea Seedling storage rate when six months is 97~98%, newly The tip takes out tip rate 100%, and the average base diameter of young sprout reaches 1.65mm, and young sprout average length is 8.03cm.
Carry out maximum conditions testing experiment
The oil tea cutting seedling survived being transplanted to the seedling medium of nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and is placed in warmhouse booth Growth, no longer carry out watering, the most not carrying out any daily management activity, observes the growing state of oil tea Seedling.Result shows: oil Tea cutting seedling is transplanted and within latter second day, is i.e. started normal growth, extracts young leaves, the long root that makes new advances out;Within continuous 186 days, do not water, do not topdress, Beginning to show hydropenia phenomenon, seedling medium does not hardens, and in the meantime, oil tea Seedling well-grown, blade is plump, without pest and disease damage.
Embodiment 4
A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium, including the raw material of following parts by weight: yellow soil 85 parts, plant ash 24 Part, chlorella powder 7 parts, conch meal 11 parts, bagasse 25 parts, waste material of edible mushroom 35 parts, distiller's grains of beer 21 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus 13 parts, emblic Cotyledon 16 parts, Folium Pini 16 parts, lichens 18 parts.
Described oil tea cutting seedling transplants the preparation method of seedling medium, comprises the following steps:
1), after weighing described each raw material by described parts by weight, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are dried, so Rear mixed powder is broken into the smalls of 0.1cm;
2) bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer three raw material are poured in fermentation vat, inject biogas slurry, be uniformly mixed, After staticly settling, biogas slurry liquid level exceeds raw material and is no less than 10cm, soaking fermentation more than 3 months, then pulls out, dries, is ground into The granule of 1.0-1.5mm;
3) by yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, conch meal and step 2) prepare smalls, step 3) prepare granule fill Point stirring and evenly mixing, heap is in heaps, adds water and mixes thoroughly, and amount of water does not flow out biogas slurry with substrate heap bottom and is limited, natural compost 5 months with On, can be prepared by described oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium.
Being loaded in nutritive cube by above-mentioned prepared seedling medium, nutritive cube specification is 12cm × 14cm, is placed in nursery Ground.After the oil tea cutting seedling survived is transplanted the seedling medium to nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and grows under shading shed, enters Row daily watering, uprooting weed, carry out 1 time every about 20d.
Oil tea Seedling survival rate 97~99% is investigated when 2 months;Investigating oil tea Seedling storage rate when six months is 97~98%, newly The tip takes out tip rate 100%, and the average base diameter of young sprout reaches 1.59mm, and young sprout average length is 7.98cm.
Carry out maximum conditions testing experiment
The oil tea cutting seedling survived being transplanted to the seedling medium of nutritive cube, clear water is drenched, and is placed in warmhouse booth Growth, no longer carry out watering, the most not carrying out any daily management activity, observes the growing state of oil tea Seedling.Result shows: oil Tea cutting seedling is transplanted and within latter second day, is i.e. started normal growth, extracts young leaves, the long root that makes new advances out;Within continuous 180 days, do not water, do not topdress, Beginning to show hydropenia phenomenon, seedling medium does not hardens, and in the meantime, oil tea Seedling well-grown, blade is plump, without pest and disease damage.
Although, the present invention is described in detail the most with a general description of the specific embodiments, but On the basis of the present invention, can make some modifications or improvements it, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Cause This, these modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention, belong to the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (4)

1. an oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium, it is characterised in that described substrate includes the raw material of following parts by weight: yellow Cubsoil 72-85 part, plant ash 17-24 part, chlorella powder 4-7 part, conch meal 6-11 part, bagasse 17-25 part, waste material of edible mushroom 26-35 part, distiller's grains of beer 13-21 part, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus 8-13 part, Folium Phyllanthi 12-16 part, Folium Pini 9-16 part, lichens 13-18 part; Wherein, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are fresh goods.
Oil tea cutting seedling the most according to claim 1 transplant seedling medium, it is characterised in that: each raw material of described substrate by with Lower parts by weight form: yellow soil 75 parts, plant ash 17 parts, chlorella powder 5 parts, conch meal 7 parts, bagasse 20 parts, waste edible fungus Expect 28 parts, distiller's grains of beer 15 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f must 8 parts, Folium Phyllanthi 13 parts, Folium Pini 10 parts, lichens 15 parts.
Oil tea cutting seedling the most according to claim 1 transplant seedling medium, it is characterised in that: each raw material of described substrate by with Lower parts by weight form: yellow soil 80 parts, plant ash 21 parts, chlorella powder 7 parts, conch meal 10 parts, bagasse 23 parts, waste edible fungus Expect 34 parts, distiller's grains of beer 18 parts, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f must 10 parts, Folium Phyllanthi 14 parts, Folium Pini 13 parts, lichens 16 parts.
4. transplant seedling medium according to the oil tea cutting seedling described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the system of described substrate Preparation Method comprises the following steps:
1), after weighing described each raw material by described parts by weight, Ficus microcarpa Linn. f palpus, Folium Phyllanthi, Folium Pini, lichens are dried, then mixes Close the smalls being ground into no more than 0.3cm;
2) bagasse, waste material of edible mushroom, distiller's grains of beer three raw material are poured in fermentation vat, inject biogas slurry, be uniformly mixed, stand After precipitation, biogas slurry liquid level exceeds raw material and is no less than 10cm, soaking fermentation more than 3 months, then pulls out, dries, is ground into not quite Granule in 3mm;
3) by yellow soil, plant ash, chlorella powder, conch meal and step 2) prepare smalls, step 3) prepare granule fully stir Mixing mixing, heap is in heaps, adds water and mixes thoroughly, and amount of water does not flow out water with substrate heap bottom and is limited, natural compost more than 5 months, Prepare described oil tea cutting seedling and transplant seedling medium.
CN201610628847.3A 2016-08-03 2016-08-03 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium Withdrawn CN106278571A (en)

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CN106831024A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-13 山东洁晶集团股份有限公司 A kind of method that marine alga prepares soilless culture substrate
CN106866280A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-06-20 胡静 A kind of Nutrition Soil for garden seedling tree nutrition cup nursery and preparation method thereof
CN111567362A (en) * 2020-02-25 2020-08-25 株洲市地杰现代农业有限责任公司 Special container seedling raising substrate for camellia oleifera and preparation method thereof

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CN102531791A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-04 佘远国 Oil-tea camellia container seedling substrate and preparing method
CN104365455A (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-02-25 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Light matrix for transplanting and culturing of tea-oil tree cutting seedlings
CN105272762A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-01-27 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Tea-oil tree seedling culture light matrix and preparing method and application thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102531791A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-04 佘远国 Oil-tea camellia container seedling substrate and preparing method
CN104365455A (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-02-25 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Light matrix for transplanting and culturing of tea-oil tree cutting seedlings
CN105272762A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-01-27 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Tea-oil tree seedling culture light matrix and preparing method and application thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106831024A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-13 山东洁晶集团股份有限公司 A kind of method that marine alga prepares soilless culture substrate
CN106866280A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-06-20 胡静 A kind of Nutrition Soil for garden seedling tree nutrition cup nursery and preparation method thereof
CN111567362A (en) * 2020-02-25 2020-08-25 株洲市地杰现代农业有限责任公司 Special container seedling raising substrate for camellia oleifera and preparation method thereof

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