CN104365455B - A kind of oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted Light medium - Google Patents

A kind of oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted Light medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104365455B
CN104365455B CN201410462183.9A CN201410462183A CN104365455B CN 104365455 B CN104365455 B CN 104365455B CN 201410462183 A CN201410462183 A CN 201410462183A CN 104365455 B CN104365455 B CN 104365455B
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China
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parts
oil tea
natural pond
coconut palm
cuttage seeding
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CN201410462183.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104365455A (en
Inventor
魏世清
伍琪
覃文能
李金怀
甘福丁
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广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院
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Priority to CN201410462183.9A priority Critical patent/CN104365455B/en
Publication of CN104365455A publication Critical patent/CN104365455A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of oil tea cuttage seeding and transplant Light medium, this matrix is mixed and is made by natural pond slag, coconut palm chaff, perlite, wood chip, yellow soil, each raw material is by weight ratio: 12~24 parts of natural pond slags, 38~50 parts of coconut palm chaffs, 0.5~1 part of perlite, 3~5 parts of wood chips, 28~32 parts of yellow soils. The natural pond slag that matrix of the present invention adopts derives from organic waste through anaerobic fermentation, a great number of elements and the trace elements such as rich Nitrogen-and Phosphorus-containing potassium, be a kind of high-quality fertilizer, utilize this matrix oil tea cuttage seeding survival rate and storage rate high, take out tip rate high, growth of seedling is good, and the various raw materials of the present invention obtain easily, production cost is low, and method is simple, processing ease, has reduced camellia seedling cost.

Description

A kind of oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted Light medium
Technical field
The present invention relates to breeding plant technical field, specifically a kind of oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted Light medium.
Background technology
Oil tea (Camelliaoleifera) refers to that fat content in Theaceae Camellia Plants is higher and has that cultivating economic is worthThe general name of one class plant, originates in China, is China distinctive woody edible oil material seeds, with olive, palm, coconut titleFor the large traditional oil tree in the world four. Oil tea Main Economic output is tea oil, and its unsaturated fatty acid content is up to 85%~97%,It is the first-elected health care vegetable edible oil of international food and agricultural organization. In recent years, country greatly develops oil tea plantation, nursery stock demandConstantly expand.
Oil tea is with seed, cutting or propagation by grafiting. For keeping parent's merit, adopt cutting or graft seedling growth to there is root systemThe advantages such as power of regeneration is strong, and the surrival rate of afforestation is high, and the rear growth of seedling of afforestation is fast. Seedling medium is Survival rate of nursery stock and growsKey factor, How to choose and preparation matrix, play crucial decisive action to the success or failure of container nursery.
Have not yet to see and utilize natural pond slag to transplant the relevant report of Light medium raw material as oil tea cuttage seeding.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of oil tea cuttage seeding transplanting that utilizes organic waste matter to be made intoLight medium, not only can reduce the seedling cost of oil tea, and has expanded the approach that utilizes of natural pond slag.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above with following technical scheme:
A kind of oil tea cuttage seeding of the present invention is transplanted Light medium, and it is by natural pond slag, coconut palm chaff, perlite, wood chip, yellow soilMix and make, each raw material by weight ratio: 12~24 parts of natural pond slags, 38~50 parts of coconut palm chaffs, perlite 0.5~1Part, 3~5 parts of wood chips, 28~32 parts of yellow soils.
Described natural pond slag refers to the natural pond slag in 3 months above methane-generating pits of normal fermentation, and through naturally drying, is ground into2mm~4mm graininess.
The processing of described coconut palm chaff is: by coconut palm chaff poach after smashing, amount of water is advisable with the not water outlet of bottom of coconut palm chaff heap, natureStack retting is more than 3 months.
The processing of described wood chip: collecting weedtree wood chip, can not be eucalyptus wood chip, poach, amount of water is not with wood chip heap bottomWater outlet is advisable, and natural stack retting is more than 3 months.
The natural pond slag that matrix of the present invention adopts, not only the nutritional labeling such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is intact, in the slag of natural pond containing organic28%~50%, humic acid 9%~20%, hemicellulose 25%~35%, cellulose 7%~15%, full nitrogen 0.8%~2.1%, full phosphorus 0.5%~1.2%, full potassium is 0.8%~2.0%, also contains in addition a small amount of trace element and other mineralNutrition. The auxins containing in the slag of natural pond and active matter mass-energy are supplemented seedling growth desired nutritional, promote crop photosynthesis,Organic mass-energy chesson in the slag of natural pond, the humic acid containing are conducive to soil microbial activity and soil aggregate formsDeng, can improve soil, and have obvious seedling raising and strengthening, the speed of growing seedlings is fast, the strong stress resistance effect of growing seedlings.
Compared with prior art, tool has the following advantages matrix of the present invention:
1) the present invention's natural pond slag used is taking pig manure, cow dung, chicken manure, stalk the like waste as raw material, through 3 of anaerobic fermentationsMonth above solid residue, except containing the available nutrients such as a large amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, also contains abundant organic matter, corruption is plantedAcid and active material, be not only the quick-acting nuisanceless fertilizers that have both of slow effect, is also a kind of well seedling medium raw material. Natural pond slag hasBe beneficial to seedling late growing stage, take out tip rate high, photosynthesis strengthens.
2) seedling medium of the present invention is applicable to the oil tea cuttage seeding of cutting survival, has certain root system, notes few when liftingHinder root, and be with a little yellow soil, protection young root and lateral root, improve transplanting survival rate.
3) the raw material resources abundance that the present invention needs, wide material sources, easily obtain. Seedling medium is easily prepared, operating technologyEasily grasp, not only reduced camellia seedling cost, and expanded natural pond slag and utilized approach, take full advantage of high-quality and efficient havingMachine fertilizer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
Embodiment 1
Raw material is by weight ratio: 12 parts of natural pond slags, 50 parts of coconut palm chaffs, 1 part of perlite, 5 parts of wood chips, 32 parts of yellow soils.
Method for culturing seedlings is as follows:
(1) gather the natural pond slag in the normal fermentation methane-generating pit of 4 months, naturally dry, be ground into 2mm~4mm particle with pulverizerShape;
(2) by coconut palm chaff, wood chip poach respectively, be advisable with stockpile not water outlet of bottom, natural stack retting 3 months is for subsequent use;
(3) getting the above-mentioned natural pond slag of producing, coconut palm chaff, wood chip and perlite, yellow soil prepares according to the above ratio after mixing and is educatedSeedling matrix;
(4) the above-mentioned seedling medium making is loaded in nutritive cube, nutritive cube specification is 12cm × 14cm, is placed in seedbed. SkewerThe liquor potassic permanganate that be 0.1% by concentration slotting the previous day, to matrix disinfection, covers film stand-by.
(5) oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted to Medium of Container Seedling, clear water is drenched, and grows under shading shed, carries out the daily evil of eliminatingWorm, uprooting weed, carry out 1 time every 20d left and right.
(6) 2 months time, investigate oil tea seedling survival rate 93~96%; Six months time, investigating oil tea seedling storage rate is 85~87%, and young sprout is taken outTip rate 100%, the average base diameter of young sprout reaches 1.33mm, and young sprout average length is 6.35cm.
Embodiment 2
Raw material is by weight ratio: 18 parts of natural pond slags, 48 parts of coconut palm chaffs, 0.8 part of perlite, 3.2 parts of wood chips, 30 parts of yellow soils.Method for culturing seedlings is as follows:
(1) gather the natural pond slag in the normal fermentation methane-generating pit of 4 months, naturally dry, be ground into 2mm~4mm particle with pulverizerShape;
(2) by coconut palm chaff, wood chip poach respectively, be advisable with stockpile not water outlet of bottom, natural stack retting 4 months is for subsequent use;
(3) get the above-mentioned natural pond slag of producing, coconut palm chaff, wood chip and obtain the base of growing seedlings after mixing according to the above ratio with perlite, yellow soilMatter;
(4) the above-mentioned seedling medium making is loaded in nutritive cube, nutritive cube specification is 12cm × 14cm, is placed in seedbed. SkewerThe liquor potassic permanganate that be 0.1% by concentration slotting the previous day, to matrix disinfection, covers film stand-by.
(5) oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted to Medium of Container Seedling, clear water is drenched, and grows under shading shed, carries out the daily evil of eliminatingWorm, uprooting weed, carry out 1 time every 20d left and right.
(6) 2 months time, investigate oil tea seedling survival rate 96~98%; Six months time, investigating oil tea seedling storage rate is 87~90%, and young sprout is taken outTip rate 100%, the average base diameter of young sprout reaches 1.41mm, and young sprout average length is 6.03cm.
Embodiment 3
Raw material is by weight ratio: 24 parts of natural pond slags, 42 parts of coconut palm chaffs, 1 part of perlite, 5 parts of wood chips, 28 parts of yellow soils.Method for culturing seedlings is as follows:
(1) gather the natural pond slag in the normal fermentation methane-generating pit of 3 months, naturally dry, be ground into 2mm~4mm particle with pulverizerShape;
(2), by coconut palm chaff, wood chip poach respectively, natural stack retting 3 months is for subsequent use;
(3) get the above-mentioned natural pond slag of producing, coconut palm chaff, wood chip and obtain the base of growing seedlings after mixing according to the above ratio with perlite, yellow soilMatter;
(4) the above-mentioned seedling medium making is loaded in nutritive cube, nutritive cube specification is 12cm × 14cm, is placed in seedbed. SkewerThe liquor potassic permanganate that be 0.1% by concentration slotting the previous day, to matrix disinfection, covers film stand-by.
(5) oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted to Medium of Container Seedling, clear water is drenched, and grows under shading shed, carries out the daily evil of eliminatingWorm, uprooting weed, carry out 1 time every 20d left and right.
(6) 2 months time, investigate oil tea seedling survival rate 98~100%; Six months time, investigating oil tea seedling storage rate is 90~95%, young sproutTake out tip rate 100%, the average base diameter of young sprout reaches 1.6mm, and young sprout average length is 7.1cm.

Claims (4)

1. oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted a Light medium, it is characterized in that, this matrix is by natural pond slag, coconut palm chaff, pearlRock, wood chip, yellow soil mix to be made, each raw material by weight ratio: 12~24 parts of natural pond slags, coconut palm chaff 38~50 parts, 0.5~1 part of perlite, 3~5 parts of wood chips, 28~32 parts of yellow soils.
2. oil tea cuttage seeding according to claim 1 is transplanted Light medium, it is characterized in that described natural pondSlag refers to the natural pond slag in 3 months above methane-generating pits of normal fermentation, and through naturally drying, is ground into 2mm~4mmGranular.
3. oil tea cuttage seeding according to claim 1 is transplanted Light medium, it is characterized in that described coconut palm chaffProcessing be: by coconut palm chaff poach after smashing, amount of water is limited with the not water outlet of bottom of coconut palm chaff heap, natural stack retting 3 monthsAbove.
4. oil tea cuttage seeding according to claim 1 is transplanted Light medium, it is characterized in that described wood chipProcessing: collecting weedtree wood chip, can not be eucalyptus wood chip, poach, amount of water is piled not water outlet of bottom with wood chip and is limited,Nature stack retting is more than 3 months.
CN201410462183.9A 2014-09-12 2014-09-12 A kind of oil tea cuttage seeding is transplanted Light medium CN104365455B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052655B (en) * 2015-08-01 2017-06-30 孝昌县茂盛苗木种植专业合作社 Oil tea implantation methods
CN105272762A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-01-27 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Tea-oil tree seedling culture light matrix and preparing method and application thereof
CN105493996B (en) * 2015-12-02 2018-11-30 中国热带农业科学院椰子研究所 A kind of oil tea single-node cutting seed-raising method
CN106034820A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 Oil-tea-tree-seedling cultivating medium and preparing method thereof
CN106212104A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-14 张琦 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium
CN106105999A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-16 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea cuttage breeding method
CN106234067A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-21 张琦 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium
CN106278571A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-01-04 张琦 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium
CN106105874A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-16 张琦 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants seedling medium
CN106069349A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-09 张琦 A kind of oil tea cutting seedling transplants Light medium
CN106116912A (en) * 2016-08-14 2016-11-16 安庆市老杨埠农业科技有限公司 A kind of camellia seedling cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
CN106380265A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-02-08 金寨县万紫千红农业科技开发有限公司 A matrix prepared by utilizing fermented farmyard manure biogas residues and specially used for white tea cutting
CN109769653A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-21 铜仁学院 A kind of oil tea planting matrix formula

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CN102267842B (en) * 2011-06-24 2014-01-29 东北师范大学 Organic-inorganic block controlled release fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102293116B (en) * 2011-07-12 2013-06-05 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Fast culture method for camellia oleifera light substrate container cuttage seedlings
CN102612960B (en) * 2012-03-29 2013-11-06 詹长生 Light media for tea-oil tree net container seedlings and preparation method thereof
CN103250611B (en) * 2013-05-23 2015-07-15 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Method for bare-root transplant of adult tea-oil tree

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