CN105684878A - Artificial ecological culturing method for caulerpa lentillifera - Google Patents

Artificial ecological culturing method for caulerpa lentillifera Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105684878A
CN105684878A CN201610088115.XA CN201610088115A CN105684878A CN 105684878 A CN105684878 A CN 105684878A CN 201610088115 A CN201610088115 A CN 201610088115A CN 105684878 A CN105684878 A CN 105684878A
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China
Prior art keywords
caulerpa
vitis viniferae
fructus vitis
culturing pool
water
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Pending
Application number
CN201610088115.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭炳坚
张克烽
占二新
郭莉莉
郭中林
黄枢
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Huian harbour de Marine Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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Fujian Gang De Aquatic Products Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610088115.XA priority Critical patent/CN105684878A/en
Publication of CN105684878A publication Critical patent/CN105684878A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G33/00Cultivation of seaweed or algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

Abstract

The invention discloses an artificial ecological culturing method for caulerpa lentillifera. The method comprises the following steps that filtered seawater is injected into a culture pond after the culture pond is completely cleared and exposed to the sun, and the seawater height is 1-1.2 m; healthy fronds which are not discolored or rotted are selected to be fully cleaned and then put into a double-layer clamp net after impurity removal, clean fine sand is laid under the clamp net to serve as a rhizoid attaching base, and the caulerpa lentillifera is put at about 300 grams/square meter; all indexes including water temperature, salinity, PH, COD, illumination, transparency, PO4<3+>-P and NO3<+>-N of the water quality are controlled in the culturing process, and micro air inflation is performed in the whole culturing process; bait bags are hung at a water head, the periphery of the culture pond and the periphery of an air head in the culturing process. According to the method, the defects that the nutrient substance variety in a culturing environment is single and the caulerpa lentillifera is low in unit yield, poor in frond color and more in hybrid algae due to the fact that artificial mixed feed is fed can be overcome, the water quality of a natural sea area cannot be polluted, and seawater eutrophication is effectively inhibited.

Description

A kind of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Caulerpa cultural method technical field, more particularly relate to a kind of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method。
Background technology
Long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa is a kind of high value large edible algae, containing mineral, phylloxanthin (lutein), chlorophyll, protein, nucleic acid DNA, RNA and rare the planting property polysaccharide bodies such as natural vitamin A, B group (B12 that B1, B2, B6 and vegetarian need most), C, D, E and ferrum, zinc, magnesium, calcium and 17 seed amino acids and multiple unsaturated fatty acid。Nutritional labeling that long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa is precious and the alkaline speciality of natural high-quality, long-term edible can adjust body constitution and become alkalescence health system, and alkalescence system is just being remote from the key factor of cancer。
The cultivation of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa originates from Japan, and along with the development of its cultural technique, Southeast Asian countries, including Philippine, Malaysia, Korea S, and Taiwan has carried out artificial culture's work in succession。In recent years, the ground such as China Fujian, Hainan also slowly rises the cultivation of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa。
At present, the breeding way of artificial culture's long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa mainly adopts land-base cultivation, by cement pit, Tu Chi etc., by elements such as N, P, the K needed for the supplementary algal grown of artificially applying fertilizer in breeding process, this breeding way is single due to breeding environment Middle nutrition substance classes, causes that specific yield is low, frond becomes aberration, assorted algae many。Further, the element such as N, P more than needed in breeding water body is discharged to natural waters by the daily water that changes, if things go on like this, and the water quality of severe contamination natural waters, causes sea area eutrophication, increases the probability that red tide occurs。
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the shortcoming overcoming the breeding way of above-mentioned prior art artificial culture's long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa to exist, it is provided that a kind of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method。
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method, and this cultural method comprises the steps:
Step one, culturing pool prepare: the sea water filtered is injected, after tanning by the sun, in the fully clear pond of culturing pool, and sea height is 1-1.2m;
Step 2, input long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa: select the healthy long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa without variable color, without putrefaction and fully clean, put in Double-layer clamp net after removing impurity, press from both sides side off the net and lay clean fine sand, as rhizoid adherance, throw in long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa about 300 grams/m;
Step 3, Water-quality control: control water quality indices in breeding process, including water Inversion phenomenon, PH, COD, illumination, transparency, PO4 3+~P, NO3 +~N;Omnidistance micro-inflation in breeding process;
Step 4, configuration bait: hanging bait pouch in breeding process around head, culturing pool surrounding and gas head, fill and grind broken shrimp and small fish in bag, the whole culture-cycle is without artifical compound feed。
The feature of the present invention also resides in, and culturing pool adopts 3m × 8m × 1.5m specification cement pit, and described culturing pool is configured with the seawater filtering system with heating apparatus, when outside water temperature does not reach cultivating condition, can carry out lower water temperature by the sea water after filtering of heating。
The feature of the present invention also resides in, the gauze that bait pouch adopts specification to be 100 orders, every bag of bait filling about 500 grams, and each culturing pool hangs 6 bait pouches, and bait pouch is changed once for every 3 days。
The feature of the present invention also resides in, and sets up multilamellar shading net above described culturing pool, installs pulley simultaneously and controls the flexible of shading net, by controlling the sunshade net regulating illumination intensity above culturing pool in breeding process。
The feature of the present invention also resides in, and in breeding process, the condition such as seawater salinity, PH and dissolved oxygen is adjusted by changing water。
Beneficial effects of the present invention is as follows:
In breeding process of the present invention, adopt the clean pure sea water after filtering, and by Artificial Control culturing area illumination, the conditions such as water temperature, make algae kind fast-growth under optimum conditions, bait pouch is hung in culturing pool, in bag, broken small fish is ground in filling, supplement the N in breeding environment, P, the nutrients such as K and trace element, reach organic green alga cultivation, single to improve the breeding environment Middle nutrition substance classes that artifical compound feed causes of throwing something and feeding, cause long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa specific yield low, frond becomes aberration, the shortcoming that assorted algae is many, and this aquaculture model will not pollute natural waters water quality, can effectively suppress sea water eutrophication。
Accompanying drawing explanation
A kind of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method schematic flow sheet that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention。
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments。Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention。
What Fig. 1 was exemplary illustrates a kind of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method schematic flow sheet that the embodiment of the present invention provides。This long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method can build long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology aquaculture model, simulates the ecological environment of its natural waters。As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method that the embodiment of the present invention provides comprises the following steps:
Step S101, culturing pool prepare: the sea water filtered is injected, after tanning by the sun, in the fully clear pond of culturing pool, and sea height is 1-1.2m;
Step S102, input long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa: select the healthy long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa without variable color, without putrefaction and fully clean, put in Double-layer clamp net after removing impurity, press from both sides side off the net and lay clean fine sand, as rhizoid adherance, throw in long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa about 300 grams/m;
Step S103, Water-quality control: control water quality indices in breeding process, including water Inversion phenomenon, PH, COD, illumination, transparency, PO4 3+~P, NO3 +~N;Omnidistance micro-inflation in breeding process;
Step S104, configuration bait: hanging bait pouch in breeding process around head, culturing pool surrounding and gas head, fill and grind broken shrimp and small fish in bag, the whole culture-cycle is without artifical compound feed。
In embodiments of the present invention, culturing pool adopts 3m × 8m × 1.5m specification cement pit, and described culturing pool is configured with the seawater filtering system with heating apparatus, when outside water temperature does not reach cultivating condition, can carry out lower water temperature by the sea water after filtering of heating。
In embodiments of the present invention, the gauze that bait pouch adopts specification to be 100 orders, every bag of bait filling about 500 grams, each culturing pool hangs 6 bait pouches, and bait pouch is changed once for every 3 days。
In embodiments of the present invention, above culturing pool, set up multilamellar shading net, pulley is installed simultaneously and controls the flexible of shading net, by controlling the sunshade net regulating illumination intensity above culturing pool in breeding process。
In embodiments of the present invention, in breeding process, the condition such as seawater salinity, PH and dissolved oxygen is adjusted by changing water。
Breeding process needs control every water quality index include: water Inversion phenomenon, PH, COD, illumination, transparency, PO4 3+~P, NO3 +~N;Concrete as shown in table 1:
The every water quality index controlled in table 1 breeding process
In embodiments of the present invention, artificial cultivation object is long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa, such Caulerpa is less able to successfully cultivate at present at home, and the cultural method of the embodiment of the present invention needs to control every water quality index: water Inversion phenomenon, PH, COD, illumination, transparency, PO in breeding process4 3+~P, NO3 +~N。Such water quality index must strictly control。Because water quality index controls as the important external environment affecting aquaculture, its different index parameter is very big on the impact of aquaculture, and these index parameters all need strictly to control。And long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa is as a Special Category of algae, the requirement of growing environment, water quality is high, artificial cultivation difficulty is very big。
In breeding process of the present invention, adopt the clean pure sea water after filtering, and by Artificial Control culturing area illumination, the conditions such as water temperature, make algae kind fast-growth under optimum conditions, bait pouch is hung in culturing pool, in bag, broken small fish is ground in filling, supplement the N in breeding environment, P, the nutrients such as K and trace element, reach organic green alga cultivation, single to improve the breeding environment Middle nutrition substance classes that artifical compound feed causes of throwing something and feeding, cause long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa specific yield low, frond becomes aberration, the shortcoming that assorted algae is many, and this aquaculture model will not pollute natural waters water quality, can effectively suppress sea water eutrophication。
Although preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, but those skilled in the art are once know basic creative concept, then these embodiments can be made other change and amendment。So, claims are intended to be construed to include preferred embodiment and fall into all changes and the amendment of the scope of the invention。
Obviously, the present invention can be carried out various change and modification without deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention by those skilled in the art。So, if these amendments of the present invention and modification belong within the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these change and modification。

Claims (5)

1. a long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method, it is characterised in that described cultural method comprises the steps:
Step one, culturing pool prepare: the sea water filtered is injected, after tanning by the sun, in the fully clear pond of culturing pool, and sea height is 1-1.2m;
Step 2, input long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa: select the healthy long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa without variable color, without putrefaction and fully clean, put in Double-layer clamp net after removing impurity, press from both sides side off the net and lay clean fine sand, as rhizoid adherance, throw in long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa about 300 grams/m;
Step 3, Water-quality control: control water quality indices in breeding process, including water Inversion phenomenon, PH, COD, illumination, transparency, PO4 3+~P, NO3 +~N;Omnidistance micro-inflation in breeding process;
Step 4, configuration bait: hanging bait pouch in breeding process around head, culturing pool surrounding and gas head, fill and grind broken shrimp and small fish in bag, the whole culture-cycle is without artifical compound feed。
2. long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described culturing pool adopts 3m × 8m × 1.5m specification cement pit, described culturing pool is configured with the seawater filtering system with heating apparatus, when outside water temperature does not reach cultivating condition, lower water temperature can be carried out by the sea water after filtering of heating。
3. long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the gauze that described bait pouch adopts specification to be 100 orders, every bag of bait filling about 500 grams, each culturing pool hangs 6 bait pouches, and bait pouch is changed once for every 3 days。
4. long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, set up multilamellar shading net above described culturing pool, pulley is installed simultaneously and controls the flexible of shading net, by controlling the sunshade net regulating illumination intensity above culturing pool in breeding process。
5. long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae Caulerpa artificial ecology cultural method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in breeding process, the condition such as seawater salinity, PH and dissolved oxygen is adjusted by changing water。
CN201610088115.XA 2016-02-16 2016-02-16 Artificial ecological culturing method for caulerpa lentillifera Pending CN105684878A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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CN106973780A (en) * 2017-03-12 2017-07-25 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所 Long shoot grape caulerpa pond cultivation technology
CN107114228A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-09-01 海南省海洋与渔业科学院(海南省海洋开发规划设计研究院) A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method
CN107347622A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-11-17 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 A kind of long shoot grape caulerpa culturing pool and its cultural method
CN107432242A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-12-05 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 The vertical multi-layer cultivation apparatus and its cultural method of a kind of long shoot grape caulerpa
CN109220769A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A method of improving long shoot grape caulerpa commodity output capacity and product quality
CN110810291A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-21 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Breeding method for mixed culture of golden lobsters and sea grapes
CN111480567A (en) * 2019-05-20 2020-08-04 山东大学 Large-scale artificial culture method for Okamura kamurai

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106973780A (en) * 2017-03-12 2017-07-25 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所 Long shoot grape caulerpa pond cultivation technology
CN107114228A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-09-01 海南省海洋与渔业科学院(海南省海洋开发规划设计研究院) A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method
CN107347622A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-11-17 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 A kind of long shoot grape caulerpa culturing pool and its cultural method
CN107432242A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-12-05 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 The vertical multi-layer cultivation apparatus and its cultural method of a kind of long shoot grape caulerpa
CN109220769A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-18 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A method of improving long shoot grape caulerpa commodity output capacity and product quality
CN111480567A (en) * 2019-05-20 2020-08-04 山东大学 Large-scale artificial culture method for Okamura kamurai
CN110810291A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-21 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Breeding method for mixed culture of golden lobsters and sea grapes
CN110810291B (en) * 2019-11-26 2021-02-19 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Breeding method for mixed culture of golden lobsters and sea grapes

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