CN107114228A - A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method - Google Patents

A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107114228A
CN107114228A CN201710538349.4A CN201710538349A CN107114228A CN 107114228 A CN107114228 A CN 107114228A CN 201710538349 A CN201710538349 A CN 201710538349A CN 107114228 A CN107114228 A CN 107114228A
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China
Prior art keywords
pond
sea grape
grape
sea
cultivation
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CN201710538349.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谭围
陈傅晓
王荣霞
樊佳伟
冯全英
詹夏菲
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Hainan Academy Of Ocean And Fisheries Sciences (hainan Ocean Development Planning And Design Research Institute)
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Hainan Academy Of Ocean And Fisheries Sciences (hainan Ocean Development Planning And Design Research Institute)
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Priority to CN201710538349.4A priority Critical patent/CN107114228A/en
Publication of CN107114228A publication Critical patent/CN107114228A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G33/00Cultivation of seaweed or algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method, comprise the following steps:(1) pond is selected:Selection prawn is formed, seawater fish is formed or artificial breeding winter idle pond;(2) pond pre-treatment;(3) intake;(4) inoculation is broadcast at sea grape bottom;(5) daily management;(6) removing of harmful organisms;(7) harvesting of sea grape.The present invention can make full use of seawater aquaculturing pond lay-up period to carry out anti-season cultivation, pond utilization rate can be effectively improved, increase pond comprehensive benefit, avoid individually building a large amount of complete cultivation equipments, aquaculture cost can be substantially reduced, and in the cultivation of winter in Hainan Region spring, the boisterous influence such as heavy rain can be effectively avoided, sea grape cultivation success rate is higher.

Description

A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method
Technical field
The invention belongs to aquaculture field, it is related to a kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method, specifically It is related to a kind of method for carrying out anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture using winter and spring idle seawater aquaculturing pond.
Background technology
Sea grape is also long life grass, also known as green caviar, and scientific name is long shoot grape caulerpa (Caulerpalentillifera), Japanese first name Network PVC レ ズ タ, are subordinate to Chlorophyta (chlorophyta), Caulerpaceae (caulerpaceae), caulerpa category (Caulerpa), originates in rushing for Philippine in Southeast Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia and Japan The ground such as rope.The extremely low delicious flavour of sea grape heat content, the special product as Okinawa area is favored by consumers in general deeply, both can be straight Connect edible, the dispensing such as hand-pulled noodles and seafood rice served with meat and vegetables on top can also be used as.It is necessary that sea grape contains the human bodies such as abundant calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron Mineral matter, the effect of blood cholesterol levels can be reduced containing substantial amounts of DHA, be ideal health food, sea grape cultivation Market prospects are very wide.
Sea grape soft and succulency, whole frond is a huge cell, though with the presence of most nucleus each other There is no cell membrane to be separated by, cell tissue is subject to breakage, easily influenceed by external environment change, the condition propagated artificially is relatively severe Carve.Current sea grape is mainly indoor industrially-cultured, and traditional cultivation phase is that annual summer and autumn, (Okinawa Japan was preferably supported Time is annual 4~October, and Fujian China preferably supports the time for annual 5~October).Existing indoor industrially-cultured pattern needs Special cultivating workshop is built, it is necessary to build complete special cultivation equipment and facility, cost is of a relatively high, cultivation scale also by Sea grape is still difficult to annual large-scale cultivation under certain limitation, the influence of the factor such as climate, natural conditions.
There is the high-order pond of wide sea-farming in South China of China, but in most cases after the completion of cultivation activity, There are a large amount of ponds to be in idle state in winter-spring season, if anti-season sea grape cultivation is carried out using these ponds, will significantly Pond utilization rate is improved, sea grape breeding spaces are further expanded, cultivation income is improved.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method, sea grape is overcome to pass Indoor industrially-cultured threshold of uniting is of a relatively high, the deficiency such as cultivation dimension-limited, makes full use of seawater aquaculturing pond lay-up period, carries High pond utilization rate, further expands sea grape breeding spaces, is cultivated by anti-season, ensures sea grape product in winter-spring season The stable supply in market, improves cultivation income.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme is that:A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom is provided to broadcast Cultural method, comprises the following steps:
(1) pond is selected:Selection prawn is formed, seawater fish is formed or artificial breeding winter idle pond, pond area The ㎡ of 667 ㎡~3300, is easy to daily management to operate;Pond depth at least 1.5m, the smooth hardening of cement pond of pool wall or is covered with Mulch pond, bottom of pond need to be covered with one layer of fine sand and adhere to for sea grape rhizoid;Fine sand thickness is advisable in 10cm or so, coordinates pond water The regulation of position, reaches the cold-proof effect of Winter protection, is conducive to sea grape to resist weather of extremely trembling with fear.
(2) pond pre-treatment:Summer and autumn form or nursery production task complete after, drain pond, use appropriate fresh water Pool wall is rinsed, bottom of pond can slightly wash off top layer organic matter if any excessive organic substance, need to be sufficiently reserved in the fine sand of pond and sink Long-pending organic matter;It is exposed to the sun after flushing more than one week, artificial remove can start water inlet after the miscellaneous algae impurity in bottom of pond surface;Bottom of pond is without thin The sand basin pool needs laying depth in 7~12cm fine sand layer;
(3) intake:Breeding water uses fresh sand filtration seawater, the nylon net bag for one 300 mesh of muzzle of intaking, and prevents enemy Stop water inlet after biological entrance, 10~15cm of water inlet, treat that seawater precipitation can be inoculated with sea grape seed in more than 12 hours;
(4) inoculation is broadcast at sea grape bottom:The healthy and strong sea grape of growth selection can not adhere to miscellaneous algae as seed on seed, no Then needing first to carry out removal of impurities processing can be sowed;Uniform broadcasting is in pond after each plant of sea grape seed one fritter corallite of binding Bottom, every square metre is broadcasted sowing 8~15 plants, and sowing continues to intake to 80~100cm depth of waters later;
(5) daily management:Temperature of cultivation is controlled more than 19 DEG C, and salinity maintains 29~33 ‰, and pH value maintains 6.7~ 8.5, intensity of illumination maintains 3000~5000Lx;It is appropriate (when water temperature is less than 19 DEG C) when running into surazo to lift water level extremely 110~120cm, runs into when extremely trembling with fear weather that (water temperature be less than 17 DEG C when) water level promoting is to 130~150cm, after temperature rise Appropriate draining, makes water level maintain 80~100cm, it is ensured that illumination condition needed for sea grape growth;Because the pond of selection is carried out Cross the organic matter deposited in aquaculture of aquatic animal, pond fine sand more, sea grape growth typically need not additionally apply fertilizer, required battalion The organic substance that foster salt is deposited in bottom of pond fine sand slowly discharges after decomposition;
(6) removing of harmful organisms:Sea grape pond culture must select the smooth pond of pool wall, and Tu Chi need to be whole by pool wall Ricoh is slided, and nursery pond need to remove all oxygenation pipes in pond, is grown with reducing later stage miscellaneous algae;Miscellaneous algae is manually removed, long handle is used Dab net is removed, and is flexibly held, typically cleared up every other day once according to actual conditions, and thread algae need to clear up one daily when excessive and arrive Twice;The removal of impurities of pond middle position can be carried out on small-sized foam boat;Winter-spring season sea grape cultivation harmful organisms are mainly big The thread algae of type such as Enteromorpha etc., thread algae can excessively consume a large amount of nutrient salts, influence the normal photosynthesis of sea grape, seriously When can make sea grape rot so as to cause cultivation fail, it is therefore necessary to periodically remove;
(7) harvesting of sea grape:It can be harvested when sea grape growth reaches more than 0.5kg/ ㎡, by pond before primary recovery Directly plucked using manual method when pool water level is reduced to 10~15cm, need not all pluck and finish during first harvesting, suitably stay Kind, for sea grape continued growth, more than 2 batches can be harvested, seawater can be drained all harvestings and finished by last time harvesting, sea grape Harvesting can be carried out on small-sized foam boat, low temperature season can be avoided manually to descend water.
A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method of the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1st, the present invention can make full use of seawater aquaculturing pond lay-up period to carry out anti-season cultivation, can effectively improve pond Utilization rate, increases pond comprehensive benefit, it is to avoid individually build a large amount of complete cultivation equipments, can substantially reduce aquaculture cost, and Winter in Hainan Region spring cultivates, and can effectively avoid the boisterous influence such as heavy rain, and sea grape cultivation success rate is higher.
2nd, carry out sea grape anti-season by the present invention to cultivate, further expand sea grape breeding spaces, tradition can be avoided Summer and autumn listing peak, reach the effect for listing of avoiding the peak hour, bigger economic benefit can be obtained.
3rd, the present invention can effectively absorb the nutritive salt of pond basic sediment release, be conducive to improving bottom material of pond for breeding, can Alleviate the generation of next stage aquaculture of aquatic animal disease to a certain extent.It can be achieved in sea grape free time pond breeding process Whole process need not add nutrient solution, without the blowing aeration into breeding water body, be a kind of energy-saving and emission-reduction, the cultivation side of ecological, environmental protective Formula.
4th, the sea grape product grape ear that the present invention is harvested is longer, and frond is glittering and translucent, and product quality is high, and the silicon of attachment Algae amount is few, easy cleaning, can suitably save the time and artificial.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
1st, in the pond culture sea grape with hardening of cement pool wall, the ㎡ of pond area 667, pond depth 1.5m, bottom of pond paving There are 10cm fine sand layers, the pond carries out grouper artificial breeding in annual 4~October, and sea grape pond culture is since November.
2nd, after the completion of nursery, pond is drained, removes all oxygenation pipes, with a large amount of fresh water flush ponds, is exposed to the sun 10 days, clearly 15cm of intaking after debris has been managed, has treated that seawater precipitation can be inoculated with sea grape seed in 13 hours;Inoculum density is every square metre 15 Strain, cultivates the depth of water and maintains 100cm or so after inoculation.
3rd, temperature of cultivation control is at 19~24 DEG C, and salinity maintains 30~33 ‰, and pH value maintains 6.7~8.2, and illumination is strong Spend for 3000~4500Lx.Water temperature drop to water level promoting at 18 DEG C to 120cm, after temperature gos up can suitably draining, make Water level maintains 100cm or so, and the whole culture-cycle does not apply fertilizer.Sea grape cultivation 20 days or so is rear to be started to remove the miscellaneous of growth Algae, cleaning in every 3 days once, is cleared up 1 time every other day after harvesting for the first time.
4th, start within 50 days after sea grape bottom is broadcast to harvest for the first time, in addition to a part of seed is stayed, harvest sea grape 280kg, it is single Position yield is 0.7kg/ ㎡, and grape ear average length 11.5cm, full grains are glittering and translucent;Due to weather after harvesting for the first time Reason, water temperature is relatively low, slow-growing, and carrying out second at 70 days or so harvests, and harvests sea grape 260kg, specific yield is 0.65kg/ ㎡, grape ear average length 10.5cm, full grains are glittering and translucent.
Embodiment 2
1st, sea grape cultivation, the ㎡ of pond area 1500, pond depth 2m, pond are carried out in the high-order cultivating pool of Penaeus Vannmei The pool is covered with mulch film, and bottom of pond is covered with 10cm fine sand layers, and the pond 2 batches of cultured prawn then, sea grape pond culture is opened from October Begin.
2nd, prawn culturing bait throwing in is more, and bottom of pond deposit is more after the row pool, with a large amount of fresh water flush ponds, is exposed to the sun 15 My god, 15cm of intaking has been cleared up after debris, sea grape seed is inoculated with, inoculum density is 10 plants every square metre, cultivation water after inoculation Maintain 100cm or so deeply.
3rd, temperature of cultivation control is at 19~23 DEG C, and salinity maintains 31~32 ‰, and pH value maintains 6.7~8.3, and illumination is strong Spend for 3000~4000Lx.Water temperature drop to water level promoting at 19 DEG C to 120cm, after temperature gos up can suitably draining, make Water level maintains 90~100cm.Sea grape cultivates 10 days or so the rear miscellaneous algaes for starting to remove growth, clears up once within every 2 days, first Cleaning 1 time daily after secondary harvesting.
4th, because shrimp ponds deposit is more, nutriment enriches, and adds the sea grape sowing time than 1 early 20 day left side of embodiment The right side, water temperature is of a relatively high, and the speed of growth is very fast, and yield is higher than embodiment 1, and sea grape bottom starts to harvest for the first time for 50 days after broadcasting, In addition to seedling is stayed, sea grape 600kg is harvested, specific yield is 0.9kg/ ㎡, and grape ear average length 13cm, full grains are sparkling and crystal-clear It is exquisitely carved;Cultivate later stage miscellaneous algae and grow more, influence sea grape growth, yield has declined, and continues to adopt for the second time after cultivating 75 days Receive, harvest sea grape 400kg, specific yield is 0.60kg/ ㎡, and grape ear average length 11.5cm, full grains are sparkling and crystal-clear to pick Thoroughly.
Embodiment 3
1st, sea grape cultivation, the ㎡ of pond area 2000, pond depth 2m, pond are carried out in the high-order cultivating pool of Penaeus Vannmei The pool is Tu Chi, the pond 2 batches of cultured prawn then, and sea grape pond culture is since October.
2nd, after the cleaning of pond, constantly stir bed mud and be exposed to the sun 15 days, shrimp ponds bottom of pond substrate is mud, on mud upper berth before cultivation The thick left and right fine sands of upper 7cm are simply transformed, and pool wall, which is tried one's best, before water inlet arranges smooth, after water inlet 15cm, is inoculated with sea grape seedling Kind, inoculum density is 10 plants every square metre, and the depth of water is cultivated after inoculation and maintains 100cm or so.
3rd, temperature of cultivation control is at 19~23 DEG C, and salinity maintains 30~33 ‰, and pH value maintains 6.7~8.2, and illumination is strong Spend for 3000~4500Lx.Water temperature drop, can suitably draining, soil after temperature gos up to water level promoting at 18 DEG C to 120cm Pond poor water retention property, need to often add water supplement, water level is maintained 80~100cm.Due to native pond surrounding pool wall relative coarseness, easily grow Raw miscellaneous algae, sea grape cultivation 7 days or so is rear to be started to remove the miscellaneous algaes grown, and early stage clears up once daily, after harvesting for the first time Cleaning 2 times daily.
4th, influenceed by miscellaneous algae growth, sea grape growth is not so good as spreading shrimp ponds pattern, 50 days after sea grape bottom is broadcast start the Once harvest, harvest sea grape 300kg, specific yield is 0.6kg/ ㎡, and grape ear average length 12.5cm, full grains are brilliant Jade-like stone is exquisitely carved;Cultivate later stage miscellaneous algae and grow more, have a strong impact on sea grape growth, need harvest in advance, yield and quality under Drop, cultivates all harvestings in 60 days, harvests sea grape 200kg, and specific yield is 0.40kg/ ㎡, grape ear average length 9.5cm.
It can be seen that, show by embodiment 1 and the result of the test of embodiment 2, can successfully be realized in sea by the inventive method Southern area outdoor ponds carry out sea grape anti-season bottom sowing culture, and the sea grape product grape ear of harvest is longer, and frond is sparkling and crystal-clear to be picked Thoroughly, product quality is high, because the diatom amount of attachment is few, can list and be sold after simple cleaning.Embodiment 3 although Miscellaneous algae grows to increase have impact on product quality on management difficulty and once degree, but it is also possible to obtain a certain amount of sea grape production Product.
Above disclosed is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, can not limit the right of the present invention with this certainly Scope, therefore the equivalent variations made according to the claims in the present invention, still fall within the scope that the present invention is covered.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) pond is selected:Selection prawn is formed, seawater fish is formed or artificial breeding winter idle pond, the ㎡ of pond area 667 ~3300 ㎡, pond depth at least 1.5m, the smooth hardening of cement pond of pool wall or are covered with mulch pond, and bottom of pond need to be covered with one layer Fine sand adheres to for sea grape rhizoid;
(2) pond pre-treatment:Summer and autumn form or nursery production task complete after, drain pond, use fresh water flush pool wall, Bottom of pond can slightly wash off top layer organic matter if any excessive organic substance, need to be sufficiently reserved deposited in the fine sand of pond organic Matter;Flushing is exposed to the sun more than one week, and artificial remove can start water inlet after the miscellaneous algae impurity in bottom of pond surface;Bottom of pond needs paving without fine sand pond If thickness is in 7~12cm fine sand layer;
(3) intake:Breeding water uses fresh sand filtration seawater, the nylon net bag for one 300 mesh of muzzle of intaking, and prevents harmful organisms Entrance, water inlet 10~15cm after stop water inlet, treat seawater precipitation can be inoculated with sea grape seed within more than 12 hours;
(4) inoculation is broadcast at sea grape bottom:The healthy and strong sea grape of growth selection can not adhere to miscellaneous algae on seed, otherwise need as seed First carrying out removal of impurities processing can be sowed;Each plant of sea grape seed bundlees after a fritter corallite uniform broadcasting in bottom of pond, Every square metre is broadcasted sowing 8~15 plants, and sowing continues to intake to 80~100cm depth of waters later;
(5) daily management:Temperature of cultivation is controlled more than 19 DEG C, and salinity maintains 29~33 ‰, and pH value maintains 6.7~8.5, Intensity of illumination maintains 3000~5000Lx;Run into appropriate lifting water level during surazo and, to 110~120cm, run into day of extremely trembling with fear Water level promoting is to 130~150cm during gas, and appropriate draining, makes water level maintain 80~100cm after temperature gos up, it is ensured that sea Illumination condition needed for grape growth;
(6) removing of harmful organisms:Sea grape pond culture must select the smooth pond of pool wall, and pool wall need to be arranged light by Tu Chi Sliding, nursery pond need to remove all oxygenation pipes in pond, be grown with reducing later stage miscellaneous algae;Miscellaneous algae is manually removed, one is cleared up every other day Secondary, thread algae need to clear up one daily to twice when excessive;The removal of impurities of pond middle position can be carried out on small-sized foam boat;
(7) harvesting of sea grape:It can be harvested when sea grape growth reaches more than 0.5kg/ ㎡, by pond water before primary recovery Directly plucked using manual method during potential drop as little as 10~15cm, need not all pluck and finish during first harvesting, suitably reserve seed for planting, supplied Sea grape continued growth, can harvest more than 2 batches, seawater can be drained all harvestings and finished by last time harvesting.
CN201710538349.4A 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 A kind of outdoor ponds anti-season sea grape bottom sowing culture method Pending CN107114228A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106106281A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 卢月莲 Long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae is fainted algae, prawn, Carnis Haliotidis stereo ecological cultural method
CN107593419A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 广西中医药大学 A kind of cyclic culture method of Low-salinity sea grape
CN108783224A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-13 广东日可威富硒食品有限公司 One kind is refreshed oneself antifatigue seaweed face
CN111820161A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-10-27 广东海洋大学 Breeding device and method for polyculture of marsupenaeus japonicus and sea grapes

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106106281A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 卢月莲 Long shoot Fructus Vitis viniferae is fainted algae, prawn, Carnis Haliotidis stereo ecological cultural method
CN107593419A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 广西中医药大学 A kind of cyclic culture method of Low-salinity sea grape
CN108783224A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-13 广东日可威富硒食品有限公司 One kind is refreshed oneself antifatigue seaweed face
CN111820161A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-10-27 广东海洋大学 Breeding device and method for polyculture of marsupenaeus japonicus and sea grapes

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