CN101664004A - Industrial breeding technique of Penaeus vannamei - Google Patents

Industrial breeding technique of Penaeus vannamei Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101664004A
CN101664004A CN200810198290A CN200810198290A CN101664004A CN 101664004 A CN101664004 A CN 101664004A CN 200810198290 A CN200810198290 A CN 200810198290A CN 200810198290 A CN200810198290 A CN 200810198290A CN 101664004 A CN101664004 A CN 101664004A
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breeding
water
breeding technique
penaeus vannmei
technique according
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李活
黄翔鹄
宋文东
董晓慧
林海生
纪丽丽
王浩
颜建斌
许金涛
陶震
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李活
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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Abstract

The invention discloses an industrial breeding technique of Penaeus vannamei, which adopts indoor industrial shrimp larva breeding. The technique adopts a high-density and systemically controlled-breeding condition breeding mode and constant-temperature dynamic water breeding, recycles breeding water, is high in yield and capable of strengthening artificial preventing and controlling effect on breeding diseases, reducing investment risks and improving economic benefits, contributes to the growth and reproduction of parent shrimps and improve the yield and quality of larvae.

Description

A kind of Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of industrial breeding technique of Penaeus Vannmei shrimp seedling, belong to the aquatic fry growing technical field.
Background technology
Penaeus Vannmei (Litopenaeus Vannamei), also claim the Wan Shi prawn, be listed as one of three the highest big good shrimp species of present world cultured output with Penaeus monodon, Chinese prawn, have characteristics such as length mating season, growth is fast, nutritional requirement is low, and adaptability is strong.China introduced this shrimp in 1987, and carried out the artificial breeding test from 1994, progressively carried out mariculture in the coastal areas of southern China area in nearly 2 years and succeeded.This shrimp aquaculture cycle lacks, easily takes effect, the income height, accepted by numerous raisers gradually and favors.And China's prawn breeding and seedling production still is in abnormal state of affairs: there is weak, malnutritive, the problem such as poison in spite of illness of physique in (1) close shrimp; (2) in order to pursue maximum economic benefits, close shrimp is repeatedly laid eggs without limit; (4) because sea area Ecological environment worsening and generally abuse of antibiotics in seedling raising process though kept survival rate, has but destroyed the function of immune system of prawn causes the commercial sized prawn medicine inspection to exceed standard, for export obstruction; (5) manually operated grow seedlings ecological condition with the condition of original natural ecosystems is differed greatly, bring out the shrimp seedling that comes like this and usually be the too weak and immune system of physique and be damaged, prawn is subject to the infringement of cause of disease and falls ill in follow-up breeding process.(6) in seedling raising process, think little of the application of nutritional need and the living bait of the young, the seedling inadequate natural endowment, a little less than the physique, premunition is poor; (7) seed quality serious degradation, growth rate is slow, forms cycle stretch-out.Make China's Penaeus Vannmei breeding production sustainable and healthy development, must do a good job of it healthy shrimp seedling is produced and selected to breeding of following seedling.
But industrial aquaculture is the aquaculture model of a kind of high density, cultivating condition system control, the output height, and strengthened culturing artificial control's effect of disease, and reduce investment risk, increase economic efficiency.Batch production is supported shrimp and is had following characteristics: the one, and the cultured output height; The 2nd, solved the prawn disease problem of restriction prawn culturing development, the water quality that shrimp is supported in batch production reaches pollution-free standard, can prevent the infringement of external germ effectively, reduces the self-pollution of water environment; The 3rd, be not subjected to the influence of seasonal factor, can anti-season culture; The 4th, breeding environment is good, and water quality is easily handled, and is pollution-free, nuisanceless, reaches the requirement of pollution-free food
Summary of the invention
For addressing the above problem, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique, it helps close shrimp growth and breeding, improves young output and quality.Mainly realize by following technical measures:
One, culture facility
Nursery pond is generally rectangle tank or the cement pit that glass fibre is made, and volume is 10~15 cubic metres.The roof hides with canvas, and door and window is hung cotton curtain, so as light modulation, insulation.Establish preheating water inlet channel and stainless steel steam intensification pipeline in the pond, and supporting electric power arranged, heat, oxygenation, advance equipment such as draining.Water for larval nursing adopts the dynamic water of constant temperature to culture, and breeding water is unified to be handled, and unified the recovery recycles.
Water for larval nursing must pass through three-stage filtration, and seawater at first will enter big cistern precipitation, enters people's secondary pond by sand filter then.Secondary Chi Shui carries out The pre-heat treatment to water body simultaneously with quicklime or bleaching powder sterilizing, and filters with the bolting silk bag of powder charge cotton in 350 orders once more, in order to avoid harmful organisms advances Ren Miaochi.Seawater is sterilized the back transparency after filtration at 40-60cm, and water temperature is at 24 ℃~32 ℃, salinity 15 ‰~37 ‰, pH value 7.6~8.3.
Two, seed shrimp is cultivated
Parent's selection requires individual big, energetic, and male and female are the strange land kind, and is quarantined, and stops transmission.Select the seed shrimp of healthy undamaged, body weight 50~60 grams, with female-male proportion 1~3: 1 puts into indoor hatchery stores up.Breeding density 4~5 tails/square metre, 26~27 ℃ of water temperatures, salinity 33/1000ths~35, the logical thermostatical circulating water in hatchery every day, and inflate, the roof hides with the black shading net, and illuminance is less than 100 luxs in the pond.The erbium material such as fresh oyster, cuttlefish, freezing clam worm of throwing something and feeding, day throwing an erbium material is about 10% of shrimp body weight.Treat that it lays eggs, is fertilized.Aeration quantity is little in the bucket, in case spermatophore comes off.Construction company threads a pipe in the hatchery, connects nursery pond, and the shrimp seedling of hatching can enter nursery pond with fine bourn.
Three, larval culture
After the young hatches, put into nursery pond, breeding density is 150,000 tails/m 3~20 ten thousand tails/m 3Water temperature should be controlled in 29.5 ℃~31.5 ℃ gradual change scopes, and opposition high temperature is grown seedlings.Generally be controlled at 30.0 ℃~30.5 ℃, be gradient to 31.0 ℃ late period in morning, the mid-term of flea shape phase; Acanthosoma, be gradient to 31.5 ℃; The post larval water temperature reduces gradually, can be adjusted to the water temperature that plant needs as required.Larval culture phase water standard is more than the dissolved oxygen amount 5mg/L; PH7.8-8.6; Salinity 23-35; Ammonia nitrogen is no more than 0.6mg/L.
For ensureing the nutritional need of the young, the healthy nutrient fodder of should throwing something and feeding.The flea shape phase can be thrown something and fed and be mixed bait (algae powder, car unit, prawn slice, black grain, yolk etc.), and acanthosoma uses 150 order ettings to filter based on artificial feed when throwing something and feeding, and the algae of suitably throwing something and feeding, fairy shrimp (halogen worm) or wheel animalcule; Post larval is based on artificial feed and the fairy shrimp of throwing something and feeding, increasing nutrient protein, and inactive algae powder.Artificial feed need filter by 100 order ettings.Bait throwing in accomplishes as far as possible that few throwing is diligent and feeds, and general industrial aquaculture is post larval bait throwing in every day 10~12 times, and every day 4-6 time middle and later periods, day and night impartial bait throwing in or daytime are slightly more than night.Grasps flexibly such as feeding volume can change according to breeding density, the water colour of the young, the young ingests situation.
Often inspected by random samples in the production process, get rid of the propagation of WSSV, two kinds of viruses of TSV, regularly select effective, no drug residue for use, prevent than the drugs used in aquiculture of environmental protection, as chelated iodine preparation, biologic product etc., to suppress bacterium, fungi growth, keep pond water useful holocoenotic stable, simultaneously, in feed, add various vitamins and immune polysaccharide etc., to strengthen shrimp seedling physique, maintain vigour healthy growth.Because shrimp seed rearing process salinity is higher than into the shrimp aquaculture salinity, handle so before emerging, must fall the salt desalination.Fall the salt amplitude and can be controlled in 3^4 degree every day general early stage, and the later stage then should be slowed down the range of decrease.
Embodiment
Example of the present invention is that seedling growth test is carried out in the cultivation base of permanent emerging Aqua Sciences Inc. in the Zhanjiang City:
On April 8th, 2007, put 8,000,000 tails confirm not have specific virus through strict sterilization and detection the Penaeus Vannmei young in a suitable place to breed, breeding density is 150,000 tails/m3, the nursery pond specification is the 20m3/ pond, cultivates in strict accordance with the technology path that the shrimp seedling is bred; The NM specification requirement of the present invention is carried out by standard DB44/T229-2005.
Between whole nursery stage, water temperature, salinity, pH value are controlled in strictness, dissolved oxygen amount is isoparametric stablizes, and carries out seedling culture by the standard of throwing something and feeding, each stage shrimp body is smoothly abnormal, no pathology has no adverse reaction, shrimp seedling body surface smooth and do not have attachment, energetic and contrary miniflow water, appendage is complete, and the figure is long body, stalwartness, plentiful, and the uniformity difference between individuality is not obvious, body colour normally is a transparence, detects WSSV, TSV and is negative.2 nursery ponds, 6,400,000 tails of emerging altogether, the 160000 tails/m3 of on average emerging, survival rate reaches 80%.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique is characterized in that: adopt indoor, batch production to breed the culture shrimp seedling.
2, Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: nursery pond is rectangle tank or the cement pit that glass fibre is made, the roof hides with canvas, door and window is hung cotton curtain, establish preheating water inlet channel and stainless steel steam intensification pipeline in the pond, and supporting electric power arranged, heat, oxygenation, advance equipment such as draining.
3, Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique according to claim 1 is characterized in that: adopt the dynamic water of constant temperature to culture, water for larval nursing is through three-stage filtration, transparency is at 40-60cm, water temperature is at 24 ℃~32 ℃, salinity 15%~37 ‰, pH value 7.6~8.3.
4, Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the parent is for individual big, energetic, and male and female are the seed shrimp of strange land kind, healthy undamaged, body weight 50~60 grams, and with female-male proportion 1~3: 1 puts into indoor hatchery stores up.Breeding density 4~5 tails/square metre, 26~27 ℃ of water temperatures, salinity 33/1000ths~35.
5, Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: breeding density is 150,000 tails/m3~200,000 tails/m3, water temperature is 29.5 ℃~31.5 ℃, larval culture phase water standard is more than the dissolved oxygen amount 5mg/L, pH7.8-8.6, salinity 23-35, ammonia nitrogen is no more than 0.6mg/L.
6, Penaeus Vannmei industrial breeding technique according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the shrimp seedling is post larval bait throwing in every day 10~12 times, and every day 4-6 time middle and later periods, day and night impartial bait throwing in or daytime are slightly more than night.
CN200810198290A 2008-09-04 2008-09-04 Industrial breeding technique of Penaeus vannamei Pending CN101664004A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102077799A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-06-01 惠东县巽寮镇瑞帝养殖场 Breeding method of original ecological health penaeus vannamei larvae
CN102187837A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-09-21 高雷 Industrially breeding method of macrobrachium nipponense
CN102415346A (en) * 2011-09-05 2012-04-18 澧县华润水产生物科技有限公司 Fresh water aquaculture method for penaeus vannamei
CN102742523A (en) * 2011-04-18 2012-10-24 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 Indoor cultivation method of litopenaeus vannamei parent
CN102919170A (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-02-13 常熟理工学院 Conservation method for procambarus clarkii egg-carrying shrimps
CN103535316A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 海南海研热带海水鱼类良种场 Litopenaeus vannamei outdoor culture device with aeration nanotubes connected with PVC (polyvinyl chloride) tubes
CN103609502A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-03-05 湖北莱克水产食品股份有限公司 Red swamp crayfish factory breeding technology
CN103843705A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-06-11 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Method for efficiently cultivating young penaeus japonicus
CN104621024A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-05-20 天津渤海水产研究所 Anti-season penaeus vanmamei factory culture method
CN105028278A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-11 广东海洋大学 Directional mating method for Penaeus vannamei Boone
CN105994042A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 铜陵东晟生态农业科技有限公司 Prawn breeding method
CN106561522A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-19 防城港市鑫润养殖有限公司 for breeding shrimps by use of nano slow-release feed
CN106577419A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-26 防城港市鑫润养殖有限公司 Method for breeding prawns with microorganism feed
CN106689002A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-24 雷州市海威水产养殖有限公司 Green healthy controllable industrial prawn culture method
CN106689004A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-24 湖南文理学院 Novel desalting method capable of increasing Penaeus vannamei survival rate and improving Penaeus vannamei quality
CN109089799A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-28 安徽省鲜可达农业股份有限公司 A kind of cultural method that rice shrimp educates altogether
CN110463648A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-11-19 中山市隆新水产种苗养殖有限公司 Sea Shrimp Farming system and cultural method
CN112655616A (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-04-16 海南禄泰海洋生物科技有限公司 Industrial litopenaeus vannamei seedling culture method
CN113349128A (en) * 2021-07-24 2021-09-07 宝莱水产种苗(海南琼海市)有限公司 Industrial ecological breeding method of shrimp larvae with high stress resistance and disease resistance
CN113615606A (en) * 2021-08-13 2021-11-09 浙江大学 Aquatic product quality improving method and system based on ultraviolet photoelectrocatalysis
CN113711963A (en) * 2021-10-08 2021-11-30 龙海市顺源水产科技有限公司 Method for breeding penaeus vannamei boone

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102077799B (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-08-29 惠东县巽寮镇瑞帝养殖场 Breeding method of original ecological health penaeus vannamei larvae
CN102077799A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-06-01 惠东县巽寮镇瑞帝养殖场 Breeding method of original ecological health penaeus vannamei larvae
CN102742523A (en) * 2011-04-18 2012-10-24 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 Indoor cultivation method of litopenaeus vannamei parent
CN102187837A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-09-21 高雷 Industrially breeding method of macrobrachium nipponense
CN102187837B (en) * 2011-05-17 2014-08-20 高雷 Industrially breeding method of macrobrachium nipponense
CN102415346A (en) * 2011-09-05 2012-04-18 澧县华润水产生物科技有限公司 Fresh water aquaculture method for penaeus vannamei
CN102415346B (en) * 2011-09-05 2013-06-19 澧县华润水产生物科技有限公司 Fresh water aquaculture method for penaeus vannamei
CN102919170A (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-02-13 常熟理工学院 Conservation method for procambarus clarkii egg-carrying shrimps
CN103535316A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 海南海研热带海水鱼类良种场 Litopenaeus vannamei outdoor culture device with aeration nanotubes connected with PVC (polyvinyl chloride) tubes
CN103609502B (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-11-11 湖北莱克水产食品股份有限公司 Procambius clarkii plant modification method
CN103609502A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-03-05 湖北莱克水产食品股份有限公司 Red swamp crayfish factory breeding technology
CN103843705B (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-12-30 浙江省海洋开发研究院 A kind of method of japonicus high efficiency seedling cultivating
CN103843705A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-06-11 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Method for efficiently cultivating young penaeus japonicus
CN104621024A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-05-20 天津渤海水产研究所 Anti-season penaeus vanmamei factory culture method
CN104621024B (en) * 2015-03-17 2017-01-25 天津渤海水产研究所 Anti-season penaeus vanmamei factory culture method
CN105028278A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-11 广东海洋大学 Directional mating method for Penaeus vannamei Boone
CN105028278B (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-06-16 广东海洋大学 A kind of Penaeus Vannmei orients mating method
CN105994042A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 铜陵东晟生态农业科技有限公司 Prawn breeding method
CN106561522A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-19 防城港市鑫润养殖有限公司 for breeding shrimps by use of nano slow-release feed
CN106577419A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-04-26 防城港市鑫润养殖有限公司 Method for breeding prawns with microorganism feed
CN106689002B (en) * 2016-12-15 2019-10-29 广东海威水产养殖有限公司 A kind of batch production prawn healthy aquaculture method that green is controllable
CN106689002A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-24 雷州市海威水产养殖有限公司 Green healthy controllable industrial prawn culture method
CN106689004A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-24 湖南文理学院 Novel desalting method capable of increasing Penaeus vannamei survival rate and improving Penaeus vannamei quality
CN109089799A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-28 安徽省鲜可达农业股份有限公司 A kind of cultural method that rice shrimp educates altogether
CN110463648A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-11-19 中山市隆新水产种苗养殖有限公司 Sea Shrimp Farming system and cultural method
CN110463648B (en) * 2019-09-25 2022-04-12 中山市隆新水产种苗养殖有限公司 Seawater shrimp culture system and culture method
CN112655616A (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-04-16 海南禄泰海洋生物科技有限公司 Industrial litopenaeus vannamei seedling culture method
CN113349128A (en) * 2021-07-24 2021-09-07 宝莱水产种苗(海南琼海市)有限公司 Industrial ecological breeding method of shrimp larvae with high stress resistance and disease resistance
CN113615606A (en) * 2021-08-13 2021-11-09 浙江大学 Aquatic product quality improving method and system based on ultraviolet photoelectrocatalysis
CN113615606B (en) * 2021-08-13 2022-06-14 浙江大学 Aquatic product quality improving method and system based on ultraviolet photoelectrocatalysis
CN113711963A (en) * 2021-10-08 2021-11-30 龙海市顺源水产科技有限公司 Method for breeding penaeus vannamei boone

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