CN105660312B - A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak - Google Patents

A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105660312B
CN105660312B CN201610076948.4A CN201610076948A CN105660312B CN 105660312 B CN105660312 B CN 105660312B CN 201610076948 A CN201610076948 A CN 201610076948A CN 105660312 B CN105660312 B CN 105660312B
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soil
mongolian oak
planting
saline land
beach saline
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CN201610076948.4A
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CN105660312A (en
Inventor
张楚涵
谢志远
王振宇
田飞
张清
田晓明
慈华聪
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Tianjin TEDA Green Technology Group Co.,Ltd.
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TIANJIN TEDA GREENING GROUP Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak, and this method comprises the following steps:1) it, builds pool wall by laying bricks or stones, raises plantation elevation, be laid with every drenching layer;2) the slant acidity cultivating soil of good permeability, is prepared;3), lifting;4) it, transplants, when cultivating soil often backfills 15~30cm thickness, compacting is primary, ensures that soil ball soil face is above the ground level;5), pruning;6) plant transpiration resistant agent, root-growing agent, agricultural chemical Genfukang and fertilizer and water management, are periodically sprinkled, cultural method provided by the invention is used for the plant of beach saline land Mongolian oak, overcome the physiological defect that Mongolian oak grows under the conditions of beach saline land, the effective soil texture for improving salt-soda soil, soil pH value is reduced, the survival rate and ornamental value of Mongolian oak are improved.

Description

A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant setting methods, and in particular to be it is a kind of beach saline land plant Mongolian oak side Method.
Background technology
Mongolian oak, Quecusmongolica, deciduous tree, national two level rare tree also known as toothed oak wood, toothed oak, Mongolian oak, Toothed oak tree is mainly distributed on Northeast China, North China, the Northwest, and Central China is also distributed on a small quantity, Russia, Japan, Mongolia and The Korea peninsula is also distributed.The tree-like grace of Mongolian oak, isolated planting, group planting or grows into forest very suitable with mixed hand over of other trees, is city It landscape planting and plants windbreak forests, the common seeds of forests for water supply conservation.Mongolian oak main root is flourishing, and transpiration is vigorous, has very strong Sprout tillers, but be not easy to transplant;Cold-resistant, drought-resistant, light, happiness neutrality are to acid soil, but not saline-alkali tolerant, not water-fast wet.And Beach saline land groundwater level is high, and soil fertility is low, and the content of organic matter is few, and saline-alkali soil physicochemical character is poor, and pH value is higher, uncomfortable The plant of Mongolian oak is closed, therefore maintenance management difficulty is big, survival rate is relatively low, and garden landscape effect is severely impacted.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak, this method comprises the following steps:
1) it, builds pool wall by laying bricks or stones, raises plantation elevation, be laid with every drenching layer;
2) the slant acidity cultivating soil of good permeability, is prepared;
3), lifting;
4) it, transplants, when cultivating soil often backfills 15~30cm thickness, compacting is primary, ensures that soil ball soil face is above the ground level;
5), pruning;
6), the transplanting same day irrigates, and ensures watering 4~6 times within the last fortnight;
Plant transpiration resistant agent is watered 50~100 times of dilutions, integrally sprayed rapidly in 1~2 day after field planting (including tree It is dry), sprinkling in every 3~5 days later is primary, continuous sprinkling 3 times;
After field planting is watered for the first time, root-growing agent is watered 400~500 times of dilution and directly pours plant pit, (to promote root It is wound healing, quickly bears new root);Agricultural chemical Genfukang is watered 500~800 times of dilution, primary every sprinkling in 7~10 days, continuously applies With 2~3 times, (to prevent butt rot, promotion survives);
It is primary to the Mongolian oak top dressing after plant at interval of 15~20 days, then pour 1 time it is permeable.
Further, on the basis of the step 1) is the ground where cultivating bed, 80cm is dug vertically downward, in area of knockout It is interior be laid with 15~20cm it is thick every drenching layer, it is described every drenching layer be rubble, coarse sand with mass ratio:3:1 uniform mixing is laid with, every Drenching layer upper surface is laid with geotextiles.Then pool wall is built by laying bricks or stones, pool wall is built using brick up to apart from 20~30cm of ground.
Further, the slant acidity cultivating soil of the good permeability uses mass ratio for 40% garden mould, 30% turf Soil, 10% pond sludge, 10% cinder, 10% orange peel are uniformly mixed.The orange peel is soaked in water for fresh orange peel to be filled Divide decomposed.
Further, soil ball specification is 5~9 times of the Mongolian oak diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground when lifting, and straw rope Mi Bao is used in combination.Guarantee is completely cured Notch smoothly splitting phenomena will do not occur.
Further, when the step 4) is plant, the straw rope packaging outside soil ball is cut, cultivating soil often backfills 15 When~30cm thickness, compacting is primary, final to ensure that soil ball soil face is above the ground level 10~20cm.If A-frame is fixed, (Anti-blow-open shakes It shakes, ensures that root system is stablized);
Further, the pruning will be trimmed suitably, and cutting back is cut off at female branch long 1/2, be left middle long female Branch reduces Mongolian oak transpiration, ensures that tree-shaped is beautiful.
Further, the fertilizer uses potassium sulfate, urea, calcium superphosphate, farm manure in mass ratio for 2:3:1:3 is uniformly mixed It closes, every Mongolian oak dose is 500~1000g.Preferably, it is 70 DEG C or more that the farm manure, which is fermentation temperature, Chicken dung.The fertilizing method be using trunk center as the center of circle, along tree crown outer edge excavate deep 20~25cm, it is wide by 15~ The annular groove of 25cm, and ensure that annular groove internal diameter is consistent with tree crown radius, earthing after fertilizer is applied, is sprinkled profoundly water.
Advantageous effect possessed by the present invention:
Compared with existing traditional method for planting, this method is that Mongolian oak has started technology in the plant application of beach saline land Example improves landscape engineering project of parks and gardens' afforesting effect.
Cultural method provided by the invention is used for the plant of beach saline land Mongolian oak, overcomes Mongolian oak in coastal saline-alkali The physiological defect grown under the conditions of ground effectively improves the soil texture in salt-soda soil, reduces soil pH value, improves Mongolia The survival rate and ornamental value of oak.
Specific implementation mode
To illustrate the thought and purpose of the present invention, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
It applies the inventive method to Tianjin seismic network real estate landscape and promotes project, which is April 2, The Project Areas salinization of soil is serious, and groundwater level is high, and the content of organic matter is low, and it is very unfavorable to be grown to Mongolian oak.The illiteracy of plantation Ancient oak is only dry Mongolian oak.
A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak, includes the following steps:
Step 1: handling cultivation bed:On the basis of the ground where cultivating bed, 80cm is dug vertically downward, is being hollowed out Be laid in region 20cm it is thick every drenching layer, it is described every drenching layer be rubble, coarse sand with mass ratio 3:1 uniform mixing is laid with, on Surface is laid with geotextiles.Then pool wall is built by laying bricks or stones, pool wall is built using brick up to apart from ground 30cm.(raise plant plantation elevation, paving If after drenching layer, cultivating soil gas permeability can be increased, underground saline-alkali water can be effectively controlled and migrate upwards)
Step 2: preparing the slant acidity cultivating soil of good permeability.The cultivating soil uses mass ratio for 40% garden Soil, 30% turfy soil, 10% pond sludge, 10% cinder, 10% orange peel are uniformly mixed, and the orange peel is fresh orange peel It is soaked in water fully decomposed.
Step 3: when the lifting time is plant same day morning 5, the most fast lifting time is 4 small with seedling transportation time cumulation When, whens morning 9, transplants.Choose the nursery stock that diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground specification is 10cm, soil ball diameter size is 90cm, lifting be completely cured notch ensure it is flat It is sliding, there is not splitting phenomena, straw rope Mi Bao is used in combination, ensures integrality.
Step 4: when plant, the straw rope packaging outside soil ball is cut, cultivating soil often backfills 20cm, and compacting is primary, makes soil Ball contacts closely with soil, and final soil ball soil face is above the ground level 15cm.If A-frame is fixed, Anti-blow-open rocks, and ensures root system Stablize.
Step 5: pruning.The pruning will be trimmed suitably, and cutting back is cut off at female branch long 1/2, is left Middle long female branch, reduces Mongolian oak transpiration, ensures that tree-shaped is beautiful.
Step 6: sprinkling plant transpiration resistant agent, root-growing agent, agricultural chemical Genfukang.The plant transpiration resistant agent is watered 100 times of dilutions, (including trunk) integrally is sprayed rapidly on the day of after field planting, sprinkling in every 4 days later is primary, continuous sprinkling 3 times;The root-growing agent After field planting for the first time watering, it is watered 500 times of dilution and directly pours plant pit, pour once, to promote root system wound healing, soon Fast-growing goes out new root;The agricultural chemical Genfukang is watered 600 times of dilution, primary every sprinkling in 8 days, continuous administration 3 times, to prevent root corruption It is rotten, promote to survive.
Step 7: fertilizer and water management.The transplanting same day irrigates, and waters 5 times within the last fortnight, later every watering one in 20 days It is secondary;It is primary to Mongolian oak top dressing every 20 days.Fertilizer uses potassium sulfate, urea, calcium superphosphate, farm manure in mass ratio for 2:3: 1:3 are uniformly mixed, and every Mongolian oak dose is 600g.Farm manure is the Chicken dung that fermentation temperature is 70 DEG C. The fertilizing method is the annular groove of depth 20cm, width 20cm to be excavated along tree crown outer edge using trunk center as the center of circle, and ensure ring Shape ditch internal diameter is consistent with tree crown radius, applies earthing after fertilizer, sprinkles profoundly water.
By processing method of the present invention, survival rate 99.6%.With significant effect.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak, it is characterised in that:This method comprises the following steps:
1) it, builds pool wall by laying bricks or stones, raises plantation elevation, be laid with every drenching layer;
2) the slant acidity cultivating soil of good permeability, is prepared;
3), lifting;
4) it, transplants, when cultivating soil often backfills 15~30cm thickness, compacting is primary, ensures that soil ball soil face is above the ground level;
5), pruning;
6), the transplanting same day irrigates, and ensures watering 4~6 times within the last fortnight;
Plant transpiration resistant agent is watered 50~100 times of dilutions, and rapid entirety is sprayed in 1~2 day after field planting, every 3~5 days later Sprinkling is primary, continuous sprinkling 3 times;
After field planting is watered for the first time, root-growing agent is watered 400~500 times of dilution and directly pours plant pit;Agricultural chemical Genfukang is watered dilute 500~800 times are released, continuous administration 2~3 time primary every sprinkling in 7~10 days;
It is primary to the Mongolian oak top dressing after plant at interval of 15~20 days, then pour 1 time it is permeable.
2. a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 1) On the basis of cultivating ground where bed, to dig 80cm vertically downward, be laid in area of knockout 15~20cm it is thick every drenching layer, institute It states every drenching layer is rubble, coarse sand is with mass ratio:3:1 uniform mixing is laid with, and is laid with geotextiles every drenching layer upper surface, is then built Pool wall is built, pool wall is built using brick up to apart from 20~30cm of ground.
3. a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:It is described The good slant acidity cultivating soil of gas uses mass ratio for 40% garden mould, 30% turfy soil, 10% pond sludge, 10% cinder, 10% Orange peel is uniformly mixed.
4. a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described Soil ball specification is 5~9 times of the Mongolian oak diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground when seedling, and straw rope Mi Bao is used in combination.
5. a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The step 4) it is to cut the straw rope packaging outside soil ball, when cultivating soil often backfills 15~30cm thickness, compacting is primary, finally protects when transplanting Card soil ball soil face is above the ground level 10~20cm;If A-frame is fixed.
6. a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fertilizer uses sulphur Sour potassium, urea, calcium superphosphate, farm manure are 2 in mass ratio:3:1:3 are uniformly mixed, and every Mongolian oak dose is 500 ~1000g.
7. a kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The fertilising side Method is the annular groove of deep 20~25cm, wide 15~25cm to be excavated along tree crown outer edge using trunk center as the center of circle, and ensure ring-type Ditch internal diameter is consistent with tree crown radius, applies earthing after fertilizer, sprinkles profoundly water.
CN201610076948.4A 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak Active CN105660312B (en)

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CN110915528A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-03-27 句容市乡土树种研究所 Cultivation method of quercus natans

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CN201595027U (en) * 2009-08-27 2010-10-06 同济大学 Saline and alkaline land plastic frame film walling separated planting device for planting on saline and alkaline land
CN102138491A (en) * 2011-04-12 2011-08-03 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Soil and ecological control method for coastal beaches
CN104876715A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-02 潍坊友容实业有限公司 High-iron-chelate fertilizer for saline-alkali soil and application thereof in Quercus virginiana planting

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101336593A (en) * 2008-08-08 2009-01-07 高雅琦 Method for constructing ecology garden landscape compound structures to improve salt-affected soil
CN201595027U (en) * 2009-08-27 2010-10-06 同济大学 Saline and alkaline land plastic frame film walling separated planting device for planting on saline and alkaline land
CN102138491A (en) * 2011-04-12 2011-08-03 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Soil and ecological control method for coastal beaches
CN104876715A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-02 潍坊友容实业有限公司 High-iron-chelate fertilizer for saline-alkali soil and application thereof in Quercus virginiana planting

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Address after: No. 26 Muning Road, Economic and Technological Development Zone, Binhai New Area, Tianjin, 300457

Patentee after: Tianjin TEDA Green Technology Group Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No. 26 Muning Road, Economic and Technological Development Zone, Binhai New Area, Tianjin, 300457

Patentee before: TIANJIN TEDA GREENING GROUP Co.,Ltd.