CN102138491A - Soil and ecological control method for coastal beaches - Google Patents

Soil and ecological control method for coastal beaches Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102138491A
CN102138491A CN 201110091485 CN201110091485A CN102138491A CN 102138491 A CN102138491 A CN 102138491A CN 201110091485 CN201110091485 CN 201110091485 CN 201110091485 A CN201110091485 A CN 201110091485A CN 102138491 A CN102138491 A CN 102138491A
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
french drain
trickle french
trickle
tree
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CN 201110091485
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102138491B (en
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刘洪庆
刘太祥
刘洪发
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天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a soil and ecological control method for coastal beaches, which comprises the following steps: digging water pouring blind ditches on lands to be reclaimed, spreading a water permeable anticorrosion material in the water pouring blink ditches, filling broken stones, wrapping the broken stones with the water permeable anticorrosion material, backfilling the soil of the ditches, spreading a blending material on the surface of the reclaimed lands, and uniformly blending the blending material and soil; digging tree wells, making tree foot water pouring ditches, spreading small broken stones on the bottom of the wells, laying coarse sand and fertilizer above the small broken stones, putting seedlings in the tree wells, and backfilling soil; and making ridges on the prepared land, watering manually or waiting for natural rainfall. The method has the advantages that: the soil remediation and seedling planting are performed at the same time; the greening speed is high; the survival rate of the seedlings is high; the storage rate is high; and the cost required is low. Thus, the method is suitable for large-scale virescence rebuilding of coastal beaches.

Description

Coastal beach ground soil and ecological treatment method
Technical field
The present invention relates to coastal beach ground soil and ecological treatment method that a kind of soil melioration and seedling growth carry out synchronously.
Background technology
The coastal great development strategy of China has strengthened task to the exploitation of ecological garden construction, the inviting outside investment of development zone, and development fast all be unable to do without afforestation, and afforestation also is the most scabrous problem in coastal area.Because the soil condition of coastal area is not suitable for growth and the existence of nursery stock, soil compaction, water level be shallow, contain the salt component height, lack organicly, brings great obstacle for the growth of nursery stock.Marine solonchak greening in the past all is to carry out with farmland soil method of replacement, but our country has a large population, and is to use grain big country, the farmland be China depend on for existence at all, need be protected.In the prior art, the transformation on coastal beach ground all is to carry out soil melioration earlier, carries out the plantation of nursery stock after soil is up to standard again, and the duration that needs is longer, makes that the speed of virescence rebuild is slower.Therefore, press for low, effective, the fireballing coastal beach of a kind of cost ground greening method.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the improvement method on the coastal beach ground that a kind of soil melioration and seedling growth carry out synchronously is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of coastal beach ground soil and ecological treatment method may further comprise the steps:
A, at first the soil of needs transformation is divided into wide some locations, each location is parallel to each other;
B, in the centre position in each location along depth direction fluting, dig one trickle french drain at bottom land, each trickle french drain is parallel to each other, by the ditch mound that digs out is placed on;
C, dig one or several and the main trickle french drain that trickle french drain intersects as stated above, the ditch mound that digs out is placed on the next door, main trickle french drain links to each other with gully, main trickle french drain with prop up a trickle french drain and be referred to as the trickle french drain;
D, in the trickle french drain, lay permeable corrosion-resistant material, fill slag stone then, with this permeable anti-corrosion material slag stone is wrapped again;
E, with the ditch earthen backfill of digging out, execute in the shop, the face of land of being transformed the soil then and mix thing, deep plough, will mix thing and soil evenly mixes;
F, dig tree well in the place of the big tree of needs plantations, fluting is provided with tree end trickle french drain then, tree end trickle french drain is connected with the end, hole with the trickle french drain, the hole mound is placed on the next door, lay little slag stone at the end, hole then, the mixture of coarse sand and fertilizer is laid in little slag stone top, and nursery stock is put into tree well, backfill hole soil;
G, on the above-mentioned location of putting in order, beat furrow stalks, manual watering or wait for natural precipitation.
Also comprise in the said method: above the trickle french drain, punch, vertical draining slag stone column is set in the hole.
Also comprise in the said method: executing soil conditioner in the shop, the face of land of being transformed the soil, and then carrying out rotary tillage and mix.
Also comprise in the said method: in being transformed soil soil all around, lay, spread to trickle every the infiltration layer lower end every infiltration layer
The french drain position gets final product, and the ground exposed portions serve is good with soil pressure, prevents that pouring is after the infiltration layer landing.
Also comprise in the said method: after the nursery stock plantation, need hydro-peening branches and leaves every day, to remove the salt dirt that descends slowly and lightly on the blade face.
Wherein, the described thing that mixes is in rice husk, weeds, crushing straw, sawdust, ashes, the coarse sand one or more.
Preferably, in the general viscosity soil, mix thing and account for the 10%-15% that mixes the back cumulative volume, in clay earth, mix thing and account for the 20%-25% that mixes the back cumulative volume.
Further, the dark 0.3m of the wide 0.2m of described trickle french drain, the spacing of two adjacent main trickle french drains is 30m.
Further, described vertical draining slag stone column is positioned at below the 0.2m of ground, and diameter is 0.1m, and adjacent two vertical draining slag stone columns are 2m at interval.
Further, the thickness executed in face of land shop of described soil conditioner is 5-10cm.
Advantage and good effect that the present invention has are: the first, the plantation of soil melioration and nursery stock is carried out synchronously, and improved the speed of virescence rebuild greatly; The second, easy construction is flexible, is fit to the virescence rebuild of most of coastal area; The 3rd, desalination is carried out simultaneously with solodization, and reclamation result is good, and effect is lasting; The 4th, because good reclamation result, make the plant percent height, the storage rate height; The 5th, the present invention improves on the basis of original soil, has avoided the destruction of soil removal and replacement to the farmland, has avoided the waste of land resources; The 6th, cost required for the present invention is lower, is suitable for the intensive afforestation transformation of coastal beach ground.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is transformed the schematic diagram that the soil is divided into some locations;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that a trickle french drain is set being transformed on the soil;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that main trickle french drain is set being transformed on the soil;
Fig. 4 executes the generalized section that mixes thing in the shop, the face of land of being transformed the soil;
Fig. 5 is the generalized section that mixes after thing and soil evenly mix;
Fig. 6 executes the generalized section of soil conditioner containing the face of land, the soil shop that mixes thing;
Fig. 7 is soil conditioner and the generalized section that contains after the soil that mixes thing mixes once more;
Fig. 8 digs the longitudinal sectional drawing that tree well is provided with tree end trickle french drain and plantation nursery stock on by the transformation soil;
Fig. 9 digs the transverse cross-sectional view that tree well is provided with tree end trickle french drain and plantation nursery stock on by the transformation soil;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram that vertical draining slag stone column is set being transformed on the soil;
Figure 11 is the profile that vertical draining slag stone column is set being transformed on the soil;
Figure 12 is the generalized section of being laid in the soil soil all around every infiltration layer transforming;
Figure 13 is transformed the floor map after the furrow stalk has been beaten in the soil.
Among the figure: 1, location, 2, trickle french drain, 3, main trickle french drain, 4, trickle french drain, 5, vertical draining slag stone column, 6, soil, 7, gully, 8, furrow stalks, 9, mix thing, 10, with mix the soil that thing mixes, 11, soil conditioner, 12, every infiltration layer, 13, little slag stone, 14, the end, hole, 15, the mixture of coarse sand and fertilizer, 16, hole soil, 17, the soil after evenly mixing with soil conditioner, 18, tree end trickle french drain.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to following examples.
1, as shown in Figure 1, at first the soil of needs transformation being divided into width is that 10m long is some meters location 1, and each location 1 is parallel to each other.
2,, slot groove depth 0.8m along the depth direction in the centre position in each location 1 as Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, wide 0.4m digs the trickle french drain at bottom land then, and this trickle french drain is a trickle french drain 2, prop up the dark 0.3m of trickle french drain 2 wide 0.2m, the ditch mound that digs out is placed on the next door.
And then be 30m with the spacing that above-mentioned steps is dug 3, two adjacent main trickle french drains 3 of main trickle french drain, the ditch mound that digs out is placed on the next door.Main trickle french drain 3 intersects with a trickle french drain 2, and main trickle french drain 3 links to each other with gully 7, and trickle french drain 4 interior water finally can be discharged in the gully 7.Wherein, described trickle french drain 4 comprises a main trickle french drain 3 and a trickle french drain 2.
3, after trickle french drain 4 digs, in trickle french drain 4, lay permeable corrosion-resistant material, fill slag stone then, with this permeable anti-corrosion material slag stone is wrapped again.Described permeable anti-corrosion material can be selected woven cloth for use.
4, as Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, with the ditch earthen backfill of digging out, that executes rice husk, sawdust and coarse sand then in the shop, the face of land of being transformed the soil mixes thing 9, the thickness that mixes thing 9 is 15cm, deep plough then, will mix thing 9 and evenly mix, make to mix thing 9 and account for and mix 25% of back cumulative volume with soil.
Add mixing thing 9 in the soil, can change the situation that hardens of alkaline land soil, increase the permeability of soil, thereby make the soil salt discharge rapider.Simultaneously, can also improve soil temperature and nutrient content.
5, shown in Figure 7 as Fig. 6, after having deep ploughed, recording pH in soil is 9.0, executes the thick soil conditioner of 5cm 11 on this upper berth, ground again, and the soil with soil conditioner 11 and 20cm place, the face of land carries out rotary tillage then, and soil conditioner 11 and soil are mixed evenly.Soil conditioner 11 can be acidic fertilizier, acid soil conditioner etc.
Transformed soil causes the pH value of upper soll layer to increase through irrigating the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching.Soil conditioner 11 can react to each other with the alkali of upper soll layer, thereby reduces soil pH value.When soil pH value drops to 8.5 when following, this soil can be suitable for plant growing.
6, shown in Figure 9 as Fig. 8, the dark tree well of 1m is dug in place in the big tree of needs plantation, dig the wide groove of the dark 0.4m of 1m then, dig tree end trickle french drain 18 at bottom land,, the dark 0.3m of tree end trickle french drain 18 wide 0.2m, hole soil 16 is deposited in the next door, in tree end trickle french drain 18, lay permeable corrosion-resistant material, fill slag stone then, with this permeable anti-corrosion material slag stone is wrapped again.Tree end trickle french drain 18 is connected with the end 14, hole with trickle french drain 4, lays the thick little slag stone 13 of 10cm at the end, hole 14 then, and the thick coarse sand of 20cm and the mixture 15 of fertilizer are laid in little slag stone 13 tops, and nursery stock is put into tree well, backfill hole soil 16.
7, as Figure 10, shown in Figure 11, above trickle french drain 4, beat the dark hole of 1m, vertical draining slag stone column 5 is set, the earthen backfill that punching is dug out then in the hole.
Described vertical draining slag stone column 5 is to wrap up slag one-tenth made of stones with permeable anti-corrosion material.These vertical draining slag stone column 5 diameters are 0.1m, long 0.8m.Set vertical draining slag stone column 5 0.2m that locates below ground level, and adjacent two vertical draining slag stone columns 5 2m at interval.
The moisture of saliferous can penetrate in the vertical draining slag stone column 5 by osmosis in the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching process, and then flows in the trickle french drain 4.Vertical draining slag stone column 5 is set, can makes the soil salt discharge rapidly, evenly.
8, as shown in figure 12, lay every infiltration layer 12 in the soil of being transformed around the soil, spread to trickle french drain 4 positions every infiltration layer 12 lower ends and get final product, it is good with soil pressure above the ground to expose 0.2m, prevents to water after infiltration layer 12 landings.Describedly can use Polypropylence Sheet every infiltration layer 12.
If do not lay every infiltration layer 12, the soil pollution that the soil of being transformed is not transformed is easily corroded, and forms salination again.
9, as shown in figure 13, on the soil of above-mentioned reincarnate, beat furrow stalk 8, make the square furrow that length and width are 5m, big flood pouring 3 times.
10, after the nursery stock plantation, need water hydro-peening branches and leaves every day 2-3 time are to remove the salt dirt that descends slowly and lightly on the blade face.
The coastal area is subjected to the influence of sea wind, and salt dirt is serious, and salt dirt descends slowly and lightly on the sprouting of nursery stock, because the too high meeting of salinity causes sprouting withered.So, behind transplanted seedling tree, need adhere to water 2-3 time hydro-peening branches and leaves every day, can guarantee the in great numbers of nursery stock branches and leaves effectively, promote the growth of root system, effectively guaranteed the normal development of nursery stock.
This method is carried out soil melioration and seedling growth synchronously, and than traditional improving the soil earlier, it is fast to carry out plantation speed after soil is up to standard again, and has guaranteed the survival rate of plantation nursery stock.Engineerings such as the port Hua Lu of Jiangsu Da Feng, peninsula hot spring hotel, day lunar lacus have adopted said method to afforest, and plant percent reaches more than 95%, and the growing way of nursery stock is very good simultaneously, and storage rate is very high.

Claims (10)

1. coastal beach ground soil and ecological treatment method, it is characterized in that: this scheme may further comprise the steps:
A, at first the soil of needs transformation is divided into wide some locations (1);
B, in the centre position of each location (1) along depth direction fluting, dig one trickle french drain (2) at bottom land, each trickle french drain (2) is parallel to each other, by the ditch mound that digs out is placed on;
C, dig the main trickle french drain (3) that one or several intersects with trickle french drain (2) as stated above, the ditch mound that digs out is placed on the next door, main trickle french drain (3) links to each other with gully (7), and main trickle french drain (3) is referred to as trickle french drain (4) with a trickle french drain (2);
D, in trickle french drain (4), lay permeable anti-corrosion material, fill slag stone then, with this permeable anti-corrosion material slag stone is wrapped again;
E, with the ditch earthen backfill of digging out, execute in the shop, the face of land of being transformed the soil then and mix thing (9), deep plough, will mix thing (9) and evenly mix with soil;
F, dig tree well in the place of the big tree of needs plantations, fluting is provided with tree end trickle french drain (18) then, tree end trickle french drain (18) is connected with hole the end (14) with trickle french drain (4), hole soil (16) is deposited in the next door, lay little slag stone (13) in hole the end (14) then, the mixture (15) of coarse sand and fertilizer is laid in little slag stone (13) top, and nursery stock is put into tree well, backfill hole soil (16);
G, go up in the above-mentioned location of putting in order (1) and to beat furrow stalks (8), manual watering or wait natural precipitation.
2. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 1 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: also comprise, execute soil conditioner (11) in the shop, the face of land of being transformed the soil, carry out rotary tillage then and mix.
3. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 2 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: the thickness that described soil conditioner (11) is executed in shop, the face of land is 5-10cm.
4. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 1 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: also be included in the punching of trickle french drain (4) top, vertical draining slag stone column (5) is set in the hole.
5. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 4 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: described vertical draining slag stone column (5) is positioned at below the 0.2m of ground, and diameter is 0.1m, and adjacent two vertical draining slag stone columns (5) are 2m at interval.
6. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 1 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: also be included in to be transformed in the soil soil all around and lay every infiltration layer (12).
7. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 1 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: also comprise after the nursery stock plantation, every day the hydro-peening branches and leaves, to remove the salt dirt that descends slowly and lightly on the blade face.
8. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 1 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: the described thing (9) that mixes is in the rice husk, weeds, crushing straw, sawdust, ashes, coarse sand one or more.
9. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 8 and ecological treatment method, it is characterized in that: in the general viscosity soil, mix thing (9) and account for the 10%-15% that mixes the back cumulative volume, in clay earth, mix thing (9) and account for the 20%-25% that mixes the back cumulative volume.
10. coastal beach ground soil according to claim 1 and ecological treatment method is characterized in that: the dark 0.3m of the wide 0.2m of described trickle french drain (4), the spacing of two adjacent main trickle french drains (3) is 30m.
CN2011100914856A 2011-04-12 2011-04-12 Soil and ecological control method for coastal beaches CN102138491B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102511264A (en) * 2011-12-05 2012-06-27 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Coastal mud flat seedling out-of-season crested planting technology
CN102577910A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-18 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Regulation-storage greening system applicable to coastal areas
CN102612967A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-01 广西红树林研究中心 Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland
CN102888832A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-23 金丹越 Construction method of furrow-shaped slow flow ecological purification system
CN104365206A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-02-25 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Water-saving seashore saline soil local soil improving and vegetation planting method
CN105340406A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-02-24 云南农业大学 Reconstruction method of plough layer of waterlogging farmland
CN105660312A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-15 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Method for planting quercus mongolica on coastal saline-alkali land
CN107409523A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-12-01 广东丰康生物科技有限公司 A kind of microbe soil improvement and environmentally friendly planting technology
CN109121842A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-04 江苏省水利科学研究院 A kind of mixing zoology system and its construction method
CN109964717A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-05 河北绿城园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of beach dry land willow implantation methods

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CN1765531A (en) * 2004-10-28 2006-05-03 刘太祥 Water-saving type salina physics-chemistry-biology comprehensive improvement and vegetation construction technique

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CN1765531A (en) * 2004-10-28 2006-05-03 刘太祥 Water-saving type salina physics-chemistry-biology comprehensive improvement and vegetation construction technique

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102511264A (en) * 2011-12-05 2012-06-27 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Coastal mud flat seedling out-of-season crested planting technology
CN102577910A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-18 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Regulation-storage greening system applicable to coastal areas
CN102612967A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-01 广西红树林研究中心 Method for planting cyperus malaccensis in tidal wetland
CN102888832A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-23 金丹越 Construction method of furrow-shaped slow flow ecological purification system
CN104365206A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-02-25 天津海林园艺环保科技工程有限公司 Water-saving seashore saline soil local soil improving and vegetation planting method
CN105340406A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-02-24 云南农业大学 Reconstruction method of plough layer of waterlogging farmland
CN105660312A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-15 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Method for planting quercus mongolica on coastal saline-alkali land
CN105660312B (en) * 2016-02-03 2018-07-31 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak
CN107409523A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-12-01 广东丰康生物科技有限公司 A kind of microbe soil improvement and environmentally friendly planting technology
CN109121842A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-04 江苏省水利科学研究院 A kind of mixing zoology system and its construction method
CN109964717A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-05 河北绿城园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of beach dry land willow implantation methods

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