CN101336593A - Method for constructing ecology garden landscape compound structures to improve salt-affected soil - Google Patents

Method for constructing ecology garden landscape compound structures to improve salt-affected soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101336593A
CN101336593A CNA2008100540856A CN200810054085A CN101336593A CN 101336593 A CN101336593 A CN 101336593A CN A2008100540856 A CNA2008100540856 A CN A2008100540856A CN 200810054085 A CN200810054085 A CN 200810054085A CN 101336593 A CN101336593 A CN 101336593A
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landscape
salt
soil
pond
affected soil
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CNA2008100540856A
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CN101336593B (en
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高雅琦
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高雅琦
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for improving saline soil and constructing ecological garden landscape composite structure. The implementation steps are as follows: constructing a strip connector communicated with a blind ditch drainage system in the saline soil, constructing a vertical water collecting shaft at the end of the drainage system, at the same time growing vegetation in the saline soil and constructing a landscape pond in which the landscape pond and the vertical water collecting shaft are communicated with a drainage submersible pump by pipelines configured for lifting the water of the vertical water collecting shaft to the landscape pond, so as to form an integrated compound structure comprising the improvement in situ of the saline soil, construction of vegetation and the landscape with a roll of water reservation. The method of the invention has advantages that the saline soil is improved in situ without changing soil by applying landscape construction in the saline soil area, which effectively protects the farmland; the construction cost is low because the construction is without open ditch, water-spraying layer or blind pipe; the ecological effects of the garden landscape are co-constructed by the vegetation and landscape pond organically combining the soil improvement and the landscape utilization of the drainage salt-containing water.

Description

The method that the improvement salt-affected soil is built ecology garden landscape compound structures
Technical field
The present invention relates to the ecological method of utilizing of a kind of soil melioration and water resource, particularly a kind of method that improves salt-affected soil construction ecology garden landscape compound structures.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of Chinese national economy and improving constantly of living standards of the people, the fast development of greening landscape construction, particularly coastal area of ecological garden building formula require more urgent.And be located in both urban and rural area on the saline land, and because the soil salt content height, salination is comparatively serious, and degree of mineralization of ground water height is difficult to utilize, and ornamental plant can not grow; Thereby, the vegetation construction difficulty, saline land afforestation construction difficulty is very big, and fund input is big, is the key factor of restriction saline soil district's ecological construction.
At present, make up the garden structure ecoscape in the saline soil district, mainly adopt the integral replacing soil moved in to improve the original, soil moved in to improve the original is raised ground, hidden pipe salt discharge, the soil improvement method of zanjon salt discharge.Adopt common replacing soil moved in to improve the original, hidden pipe salt discharge technical method, except that the arable land that takies homalographic, only the land consolidation project cost of green land lower part is general just be 60-120 unit/square metre, and brackish water discharge water outlet is underground pipe network or surrounding environment soil, like this, change soil moved in to improve the original because said method exists, taken the arable land, the engineering cost height, easily cause secondary environmental pollution, be unfavorable for the comprehensive regulation; Therefore, provide a kind of method that salt-affected soil is built ecology garden landscape compound structures that improves, comprehensive utilization saliferous discharge water etc. effectively solve an above-mentioned a series of difficult problem, then are one of this technical field scientific research personnel new problems of being badly in need of developing.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned weak point, provide a kind of and do not change soil moved in to improve the original, reduce engineering cost, and the method that makes soil transformation and the improvement salt-affected soil of discharging brackish water view utilization combination build ecology garden landscape compound structures.
Implementation of the present invention is as follows for achieving the above object:
A kind of method that improves salt-affected soil construction ecology garden landscape compound structures is characterized in that implementation step is as follows: build the bar shaped entire body and be communicated with the buried drain system on salt-affected soil, build the vertical shaft that catchments at the end of drainage system; Smooth salt-affected soil, the salt discharge of pouring fresh water simultaneously, acid fertilizer is laid on the top layer, the plantation afforestation vegetation, and build landscape pond, landscape pond is connected with the draining immersible pump that is provided with by pipeline between the vertical shaft with catchmenting, and utilizes will the catchment water of vertical shaft of draining immersible pump to be promoted to landscape pond; The integrated composite construction of landscape pond that forms the improvement of salt-affected soil original position, vegetation construction then and have the water storage effect.
Described covered conduit topsoil 0-15cm is an original position soil, and the following entire body of 15cm is filled the stone matter seepy material of different-grain diameter, and is interconnected between bar shaped entire body covered conduit.
The described vertical shaft that catchments is provided with watertight composition, and this watertight composition is positioned at below the solum 120cm of requirement transformation.
Described landscape pond is provided with the pond impervious barrier.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: do not have and need change soil moved in to improve the original, construction investment is few, and is stable, easy and simple to handle, and engineering cost is low, and be suitable for the coastal area saline soil and carry out the construction of garden structure ecoscape on the ground, applied range, economic results in society are remarkable.It only is 20-30 unit/m that engineering cost is built in consolidation and pond 2The inventive method is set about from the urban and rural environment transformation of facility, beautifies, purifies, green, environmental protection, effectively improves the people's quality of life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic top plan view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an overall structure cross-sectional schematic of the present invention;
Among the figure: 1 bar shaped entire body covered conduit, fill on 1-1 covered conduit top, and fill 1-2 covered conduit middle and upper part, and the 1-3 covered conduit is under-filled, and 1-4 is communicated with covered conduit; 2 vertical shafts that catchment, the 2-1 watertight composition, 2-2 draining immersible pump, the 2-3 water pipe, 2-4 is communicated with water pipe, the 2-5 permeable borehole wall in vertical shaft top that catchments; 3 landscape ponds, 3-1 landscape pond water, 3-2 pond impervious barrier; 4 ground; 5 vegetation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, to according to embodiment provided by the invention, structure, details are as follows for feature:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of method that improves salt-affected soil construction ecology garden landscape compound structures, implementation step is as follows: build the bar shaped entire body and be communicated with the buried drain system on salt-affected soil, build the vertical shaft 2 that catchments at the end of drainage system; Smooth salt-affected soil, the salt discharge of pouring fresh water simultaneously, acid fertilizer is laid on the top layer, plantation afforestation vegetation 5, and build landscape pond 3, landscape pond 3 and catchmenting between the vertical shaft 2 by pipeline comprises water pipe 2-3, is communicated with water pipe 2-4, is connected with the draining immersible pump 2-2 that is provided with; Utilize will the catchment water of vertical shaft 2 of draining immersible pump 2-2 to be promoted to landscape pond 3; The landscape pond 3 integrated composite constructions that form the improvement of salt-affected soil original position, vegetation 5 structures then and have the water storage effect.
Described covered conduit topsoil 0-15cm is an original position soil, and the following entire body of 15cm is filled the stone matter seepy material of different-grain diameter, follows parallel contour principle, many bar shaped entire body covered conduits 1 that be arranged in parallel, and by being interconnected between connection covered conduit 1-1 formation covered conduit.Every covered conduit is from face of land degree of depth 120cm, width 20-30cm, and length is according to building regional extent, and 120-95cm fills the rubble of 1-1.5cm from bottom to top, is the under-filled 1-3 of covered conduit; 95-15cm fills the medium sand of 0.35-1.0mm, for filling 1-2 in the covered conduit middle and upper part; 15-0cm covers original-state soil and fills 1-1 for covered conduit top, and flattens according to designing requirement.
On the salt-affected soil of salt content 0.6%-2.5%, by physical relief or according to the landform of afforestation designing requirement, the place is provided with the vertical shaft 2 that catchments with the minimum point position.Described vertical shaft 2 aggregate depths that catchment can be 2.2 meters, the about 60cm of diameter, watertight composition 2-1 is laid at the 120-220cm place, it is permeable that the permeable borehole wall 2-5 in vertical shaft top that catchments is made as the 120-0cm borehole wall, draining immersible pump 2-2 is installed, lays water pipe 2-3, can adopt the pvc pipe of diameter 5-10cm, one end connects draining immersible pump 2-2, and the other end is connected with landscape pond 3 by the connection water pipe 2-4 that is provided with.
The described vertical shaft 2 that catchments is provided with watertight composition 2-1, and this watertight composition 2-1 is positioned at below the solum 120cm of requirement transformation.
Described landscape pond 3 is provided with pond impervious barrier 3-2.
In the enforcement, according to the design alternative in garden structure district difform landscape pond 3 is set, irregularly shaped as being made as according to terrain, landscape pond 3 degree of depth also can require arbitrarily to set according to ecology garden landscape.
Trickle, the salt discharge of pouring water, every mu of 30-60m of irrigating water quota are ploughed in the soil of leveling 3, carry out 2 to 4 salt discharges of pouring water according to the soil salt content difference.On the soil of salt discharge, follow high slope and plant tree, the principle of level land grass planting, according to the park and garden design requirement, the mugineic acid organic manure carries out whole vegetation construction, forms whole ground 4 top layer view uniformities.By the vertical shaft 2 draining salt discharges of catchmenting, the control subterranean water level drains into landscape pond 3 with brackish water, becomes landscape pond water 3-1, can form beautify, the integration ecological garden landscape compound structures of environmental protection.
Above-mentioned detailed description of the method for this improvement salt-affected soil construction ecology garden landscape compound structures being carried out with reference to embodiment; be illustrative rather than determinate; therefore in the variation and the modification that do not break away under the general plotting of the present invention, should belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of method that improves salt-affected soil construction ecology garden landscape compound structures is characterized in that implementation step is as follows: build the bar shaped entire body and be communicated with the buried drain system on salt-affected soil, build the vertical shaft that catchments at the end of drainage system; Smooth salt-affected soil, the salt discharge of pouring fresh water simultaneously, acid fertilizer is laid on the top layer, the plantation afforestation vegetation, and build landscape pond, landscape pond is connected with the draining immersible pump that is provided with by pipeline between the vertical shaft with catchmenting, and utilizes will the catchment water of vertical shaft of draining immersible pump to be promoted to landscape pond; The integrated composite construction of landscape pond that forms the improvement of salt-affected soil original position, vegetation construction then and have the water storage effect.
2, improvement salt-affected soil according to claim 1 is built the method for ecology garden landscape compound structures, it is characterized in that described covered conduit topsoil 0-15cm is an original position soil, the following entire body of 15cm is filled the stone matter seepy material of different-grain diameter, and is interconnected between bar shaped entire body covered conduit..
3, improvement salt-affected soil according to claim 1 is built the method for ecology garden landscape compound structures, it is characterized in that the described vertical shaft that catchments is provided with watertight composition, and this watertight composition is positioned at below the solum 120cm of requirement transformation.
4, improvement salt-affected soil according to claim 1 is built the method for ecology garden landscape compound structures, it is characterized in that described landscape pond is provided with the pond impervious barrier.
CN2008100540856A 2008-08-08 2008-08-08 Method for constructing ecology garden landscape compound structures to improve salt-affected soil Expired - Fee Related CN101336593B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101836527A (en) * 2010-04-13 2010-09-22 启东建筑集团山水园林建设有限公司 Facility for improving landscaping water and soil in saline land
CN102535383A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-04 东莞大鼎机械有限公司 Saline-alkali land treatment method
CN102612884A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-08-01 杨奠基 Land consolidation method capable of increasing effective cultivated land area
CN102870523A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Terrain processing method for improving seashore solonchak
CN104438299A (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-25 天津绿茵景观生态建设股份有限公司 Comprehensive apparatus for polluted-soil restoration and vegetation recovery
CN105660312A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-15 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Method for planting quercus mongolica on coastal saline-alkali land
CN106493165A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-03-15 天津市北方创业园林股份有限公司 A kind of geavy salt alkali soil improvement structure for sticking weight suitable for quality
CN109156303A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-01-08 浙江普天园林建筑发展有限公司 A kind of water-saving garden landscape method of construction
CN109892056A (en) * 2018-06-15 2019-06-18 天津德言科技有限公司 A kind of soil salinization improvement system

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101161944B (en) * 2006-10-12 2010-04-07 天津市环境保护科学研究院 Construction technique for beach saline land landscape water aquatic plant system
CN100548519C (en) * 2007-06-27 2009-10-14 刘太祥 Salt marsh agricultural land soil and vegetation synthesis improvement method

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101836527A (en) * 2010-04-13 2010-09-22 启东建筑集团山水园林建设有限公司 Facility for improving landscaping water and soil in saline land
CN101836527B (en) * 2010-04-13 2012-05-09 启东建筑集团山水园林建设有限公司 Facility for improving landscaping water and soil in saline land
CN102535383A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-04 东莞大鼎机械有限公司 Saline-alkali land treatment method
CN102612884A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-08-01 杨奠基 Land consolidation method capable of increasing effective cultivated land area
CN102612884B (en) * 2012-02-17 2015-06-10 杨奠基 Land consolidation method capable of increasing effective cultivated land area
CN102870523B (en) * 2012-09-29 2015-06-10 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Terrain processing method for improving seashore solonchak
CN102870523A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-16 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Terrain processing method for improving seashore solonchak
CN104438299A (en) * 2013-09-23 2015-03-25 天津绿茵景观生态建设股份有限公司 Comprehensive apparatus for polluted-soil restoration and vegetation recovery
CN105660312A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-15 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 Method for planting quercus mongolica on coastal saline-alkali land
CN105660312B (en) * 2016-02-03 2018-07-31 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 A kind of method for planting of beach saline land Mongolian oak
CN106493165A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-03-15 天津市北方创业园林股份有限公司 A kind of geavy salt alkali soil improvement structure for sticking weight suitable for quality
CN109892056A (en) * 2018-06-15 2019-06-18 天津德言科技有限公司 A kind of soil salinization improvement system
CN109156303A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-01-08 浙江普天园林建筑发展有限公司 A kind of water-saving garden landscape method of construction
CN109156303B (en) * 2018-08-16 2021-11-16 杭州市园林绿化股份有限公司 Water-saving type garden landscape building method

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Assignee: Jiangsu Jiangnan Landscape Construction Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Gao Yaqi

Contract record no.: 2012320010085

Denomination of invention: Method for constructing ecology garden landscape compound structures to improve salt-affected soil

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Assignee: Jiangsu Jiangnan Landscape Construction Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Gao Yaqi

Contract record no.: 2012320010085

Denomination of invention: Method for constructing ecology garden landscape compound structures to improve salt-affected soil

Granted publication date: 20110323

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