CN105647794A - Photo-microalgae cultivation equipment - Google Patents

Photo-microalgae cultivation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105647794A
CN105647794A CN201410630565.8A CN201410630565A CN105647794A CN 105647794 A CN105647794 A CN 105647794A CN 201410630565 A CN201410630565 A CN 201410630565A CN 105647794 A CN105647794 A CN 105647794A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylindrical tube
light beam
micro
cylindrical drum
sensor
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Pending
Application number
CN201410630565.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王金鹤
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王金鹤
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Priority to CN201410630565.8A priority Critical patent/CN105647794A/en
Publication of CN105647794A publication Critical patent/CN105647794A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to photo-microalgae cultivation equipment, which is provided with a photo-reactor tank body, wherein the photo-reactor tank body is represented as an upright cylindrical drum, and the diameter-to-height ratio of the cylindrical drum is 1 to 2.5; a material inlet, a material outlet, a central manhole, observing holes, an air vent, a sensor interface and a sampling hole are formed in the cylindrical drum; the material inlet and the air vent are located on the side faces of the upper part of the cylindrical drum; the observing holes are distributed in the cylindrical drum in a vertical direction; the sensor interface is arranged on the middle part of the cylindrical drum; and sensors are arranged in the cylindrical drum. The cultivation equipment disclosed by the invention is totally enclosed, and the equipment is capable of freely controlling such parameters as illumination, temperature, PH, dissolved oxygen, nutritive salt and the like; the cultivation equipment, which is provided with a light source therein, is capable of achieving centralized utilization of the light source; and the cultivation equipment is provided with an advanced stirring mechanism, and the cultivation equipment is simple in structure and relatively low in construction cost.

Description

A kind of micro-algae of light cultivates equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, it is specifically related to a kind of micro-algae of light and cultivates equipment.
Background technology
Bio-reactor is the important tool of biotechnology, and often the invention of a kind of reactor can promote the development of an industry. Micro-algae industry is new industry fast-developing at present, various different micro-algae can provide novel high-quality protein product, healthcare product, pharmaceutical prod and energy product etc., but micro-algae large-scale is cultivated and is mainly carried out in the runway pond of open type at present, its shortcoming is a lot: runway pond is difficult to avoid bacterium, fungi, the pollution of other rapid-result assorted algaes and protozoon and predation, seriously affect quality; Owing to the change of seasonal climate and the natural condition such as round the clock is on the impact of output; Runway pond to be taken a large amount of soils, and is subject to the impact of surrounding environment. Large-scale runway pond is cultivated, and owing to illumination, temperature etc. are inconstant, manages very difficult. Above-mentioned four, become the restraining factors that micro-algae is enhanced production capacities further and industry is produced, therefore a kind of it is applied to one of enclosed bioreactor necessary requirement becoming large-scale production of industrialization Large Copacity. Current domestic and international totally-enclosed bioreactor mainly contains the types such as column, flat and tubular type, is middle-size and small-size, the requirement that external control light source is difficult to illumination control, temperature is difficult to reach industrialization.
Summary of the invention
Instant invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, it is proposed that a kind of micro-algae of light cultivates equipment
, described reactor is totally-enclosed, avoids the impact of above-mentioned all factors, and illumination, temperature, PH, molten oxygen, nutritive salt etc. can freely control, and can avoid the pollution of bacterium, miscellaneous bacteria, protista completely. Built-in light source, it is possible to concentrated utilizes light source, makes light source all utilize, and avoids the defect of light source diffusion or light pollution. Aerosol flexibility stirs, and starches agitator without mechanical spiral, it is possible to aeration and agitation unites two into one, and light source can freely set simultaneously, not by the impact of agitator. Comparing with universal bio-reactor, structure is simple, and cost is lower. Highly versatile, also can be used as universal bio-reactor when necessary and uses.
The technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of micro-algae of light cultivates equipment, it is provided with photoreactor tank body, the profile of photoreactor tank body is upright cylindrical cylinder, cylindrical tube diameter is 1:2.5 with the ratio of height, cylindrical tube is provided with opening for feed, discharge port, central authorities' manhole, vision slit, air outlet, sensor interface and thief hole, described opening for feed and air outlet are separately positioned on the upper side of cylindrical tube, vision slit is vertical array on cylindrical tube, sensor interface is arranged on the medium position of cylindrical tube, the inside of cylindrical tube is provided with sensor, sensor interface is connected with sensor, sensor comprises pressure transmitter and temperature sensor, described pressure transmitter is connected with aerosol whipped-up structure by signal wire with temperature sensor, discharge port is arranged on the bottom position of cylindrical tube, light beam support and aerosol whipped-up structure it is provided with in cylindrical tube inside, described light beam support level is arranged on the medium position of cylindrical tube, aerosol whipped-up structure is horizontally set on the bottom of cylindrical tube, upper cover it is provided with above cylindrical tube, upper cover it is provided with above upper cover,Described light beam support comprises cross frame and annular support, annular support is rounded, the light beam spacing arrangement such as being circumferentially provided with at annular support wears hand-hole, described cross frame and annular support welding are in a plane, described upper cover is provided with annular cover plate and described cross frame, the excircle of annular cover plate is provided with described light beam and wears hand-hole, the center of annular cover plate is described central authorities manholes, annular cover plate and described cross frame are welded in a plane, wear at described light beam and in hand-hole, it is installed with light beam, the top of described light beam is connected with a power lead by lamppost wire, described power lead is connected with a photovoltaic controller, described photovoltaic controller is arranged in described central authorities manhole, aerosol whipped-up structure comprises micro-porous sparger, anchor and adapter, described micro-porous sparger is looped around on described anchor, described adapter is connected with the initial end of micro-porous sparger, snakelike heating coil circumferentially it is wound with at cylindrical tube, described snakelike heating coil is connected with aerosol whipped-up structure.
The center of described anchor is provided with a set collar, and the first-class spacing of the circumference at set collar welds some scattering supports, and described scattering support is outside scattering centered by the center of circle of set collar, and described scattering support and set collar are in a plane.
Described light beam comprises Glass tubing, light bar wire and light bar, and described light bar is arranged on Glass tubing inside, and described light bar wire is connected with light bar, and described light bar is made up of the vertical arranged in series of LED together.
The present invention has following useful effect:
The present invention is totally-enclosed, most parameter as, illumination, temperature, PH, molten oxygen, nutritive salt etc. can freely control, and can avoid the pollution of bacterium, miscellaneous bacteria, protista completely. Built-in light source, it is possible to concentrated utilizes light source, avoids the defect of light source diffusion or light pollution. Aerosol flexibility stirs, and starches agitator without mechanical spiral, it is possible to aeration and agitation unites two into one, and light source can freely set simultaneously, not by the impact of agitator. Comparing with universal bio-reactor, structure is simple, and cost is lower.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the outside structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the light beam structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the aerosol whipped-up structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the upper seal head structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the light beam support structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1, photoreactor tank body; 2, vision slit; 3, upper cover; 4, upper cover; 5, opening for feed; 6, sensor interface; 7, air outlet; 8, discharge port; 9, light bar wire; 10, Glass tubing sealing; 11, Glass tubing; 12, LED; 13, light bar; 14, micro-porous sparger; 15, anchor; 16, take over; 17, power lead; 18, photovoltaic controller; 19, lamppost wire; 20, light beam support; 21, snakelike heating coil; 22, aerosol whipped-up structure; 23, annular cover plate; 24, central authorities' manhole; 25, light beam wears hand-hole; 26, cross frame; 27, annular support; 28, light beam.
Embodiment:
See shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the present invention is provided with photoreactor tank body 1, the profile of photoreactor tank body 1 is upright cylindrical cylinder, cylindrical tube diameter is 1:2.5 with the ratio of height, cylindrical tube is provided with opening for feed 5, discharge port 8, central authorities' manhole, vision slit 2, air outlet 7, sensor interface and thief hole, described opening for feed 5 and air outlet 7 are separately positioned on the upper side of cylindrical tube, multiple vision slit 2 is vertical array on cylindrical tube, sensor interface 6 is arranged on the medium position of cylindrical tube, the inside of cylindrical tube is provided with sensor, sensor interface 6 is connected with sensor, sensor comprises some pressure transmitters and some temperature sensors, described pressure transmitter is connected with aerosol whipped-up structure 22 by signal wire with temperature sensor, discharge port 8 is arranged on the bottom position of cylindrical tube, light beam support 20 and aerosol whipped-up structure 22 also it is provided with in cylindrical tube inside, described light beam support 20 is horizontally set on the medium position of cylindrical tube, aerosol whipped-up structure 22 is horizontally set on the bottom of cylindrical tube, upper cover 3 it is provided with above cylindrical tube, upper cover 4 it is provided with above upper cover 3,Described light beam support 20 comprises cross frame 26 and annular support 27, annular support 27 is rounded, the light beam spacing arrangement such as being circumferentially provided with at annular support 27 wears hand-hole 25, described cross frame 26 and annular support 27 are welded in a plane, described upper cover 3 is provided with annular cover plate 23 and described cross frame 26, the excircle of annular cover plate 23 is provided with described light beam and wears hand-hole 25, the center of annular cover plate 23 is described central authorities manholes 24, annular cover plate 23 and described cross frame 26 are welded in a plane, wear at described light beam and in hand-hole 25, it is installed with light beam 28, the top of described light beam 28 is connected with a power lead 17 by lamppost wire 19, described power lead 17 is connected with a photovoltaic controller 18, described photovoltaic controller 18 is arranged in described central authorities manhole 24, aerosol whipped-up structure 22 comprises micro-porous sparger 14, anchor 15 and adapter 16, described micro-porous sparger 14 is looped around on described anchor 15, described adapter 16 is connected with the initial end of micro-porous sparger 14, snakelike heating coil 21 circumferentially it is wound with at cylindrical tube, described snakelike heating coil 21 is connected with aerosol whipped-up structure 22, aerosol whipped-up structure 22 can control the heating of snakelike heating coil 21, also can make self to stir.
The center of described anchor 15 is provided with a set collar, and the first-class spacing of the circumference at set collar welds some scattering supports, and described scattering support is outside scattering centered by the center of circle of set collar, and described scattering support and set collar are in a plane.
Described light beam 28 comprises Glass tubing 11, light bar wire 9 and light bar 13, it is inner that described light bar 13 is arranged on Glass tubing 11, described light bar wire 9 is connected with light bar 13, and described light bar 13 is made up of the vertical arranged in series of LED12 together, and Glass tubing sealing 10 is arranged on the top of Glass tubing 11. The present invention can be operated in sterilization inoculation and micro-algae breeding phase two patterns, and principle of work is:
1, the present invention is for inoculation of sterilizing
1) after photoreactor tank body 1 is sterilized, enter to cultivate the conventional filtered water of micro-algae from opening for feed 5 pump, to fixed appearance, add chemostefilant from opening for feed 5;
2) open aerosol whipped-up structure 22 and stir 5 minutes, after chemostefilant is stirred, shut down and close the tank mouth being all connected with the outside of photoreactor tank body 1, static 12 hours;
3) residual poison scavenging agent is added from opening for feed 5, open air outlet 7 and aerosol whipped-up structure 22, strong aeration 10 minutes, after making residual poison material thoroughly remove or neutralize inefficacy, the nutrient chemical through high-temperature sterilization is added from opening for feed 5, stir evenly, open the temperature controlling system in aerosol whipped-up structure 22 simultaneously, make nutrient chemical temperature be adjusted to default temperature.
4), after accessing algae kind from opening for feed 5, opening for feed 5 is closed;
5) opening aerosol whipped-up structure 22 and air outlet 7, be adjusted to micro-mist air input and reach balance with giving vent to anger, pressure transmitter makes in tank air pressure slightly higher than extraneous air pressure;
6) open the light source of photovoltaic controller 18, make intensity of illumination be adjusted to default intensity, enter micro-algae breeding phase.
2, the present invention is used for micro-algae breeding phase, and micro-algae cultivation period is longer, and parameters is entered adjustment by breeding phase.
1) temperature regulates: due to day and night temperature, Changes in weather, and usable temp regulation system regulates;
2) due to the growth and breeding of micro-algae, frond increases, based on the interception of frond, it is possible to fine setting increases intensity of illumination;
3) owing to photosynthesis causes the consumption of carbonic acid gas in culturing process, carbonic acid gas can be increased from aerosol whipped-up structure;
4) change of PH can regulate with soda acid tank;
5) nutraceutical consumption can by photoreactor tank body 1 Ensure Liquid agent;
6) optimal culture conditions that micro-algae is cultivated can be adjusted in a word, when Haematocoocus Pluvialls is cultivated, early stage at vegetative cell logarithmic phase, add intense light irradiation, when increasing temperature and feed supplement, regulate nutrient chemical formula, for Haematocoocus Pluvialls increases the accumulation of astaxanthin;
7) when frond grows to default biomass or active substance reaches default amount, opening discharge port 5 discharging, cultivating process terminates.

Claims (1)

1. the micro-algae of light cultivates equipment, it is characterized in that: be provided with photoreactor tank body, the profile of photoreactor tank body is upright cylindrical cylinder, cylindrical tube diameter is 1:2.5 with the ratio of height, cylindrical tube is provided with opening for feed, discharge port, central authorities' manhole, vision slit, air outlet, sensor interface and thief hole, described opening for feed and air outlet are separately positioned on the upper side of cylindrical tube, vision slit is vertical array on cylindrical tube, sensor interface is arranged on the medium position of cylindrical tube, the inside of cylindrical tube is provided with sensor, sensor interface is connected with sensor, sensor comprises pressure transmitter and temperature sensor, described pressure transmitter is connected with aerosol whipped-up structure by signal wire with temperature sensor, discharge port is arranged on the bottom position of cylindrical tube, light beam support and aerosol whipped-up structure it is provided with in cylindrical tube inside, described light beam support level is arranged on the medium position of cylindrical tube, aerosol whipped-up structure is horizontally set on the bottom of cylindrical tube, upper cover it is provided with above cylindrical tube, upper cover it is provided with above upper cover, described light beam support comprises cross frame and annular support, annular support is rounded, the light beam spacing arrangement such as being circumferentially provided with at annular support wears hand-hole, described cross frame and annular support welding are in a plane, described upper cover is provided with annular cover plate and described cross frame, the excircle of annular cover plate is provided with described light beam and wears hand-hole, the center of annular cover plate is described central authorities manholes, annular cover plate and described cross frame are welded in a plane, wear at described light beam and in hand-hole, it is installed with light beam, the top of described light beam is connected with a power lead by lamppost wire, described power lead is connected with a photovoltaic controller, described photovoltaic controller is arranged in described central authorities manhole, aerosol whipped-up structure comprises micro-porous sparger, anchor and adapter, described micro-porous sparger is looped around on described anchor, described adapter is connected with the initial end of micro-porous sparger, snakelike heating coil circumferentially it is wound with at cylindrical tube, described snakelike heating coil is connected with aerosol whipped-up structure.
CN201410630565.8A 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 Photo-microalgae cultivation equipment Pending CN105647794A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410630565.8A CN105647794A (en) 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 Photo-microalgae cultivation equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410630565.8A CN105647794A (en) 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 Photo-microalgae cultivation equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105647794A true CN105647794A (en) 2016-06-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113136342A (en) * 2020-01-19 2021-07-20 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Photobioreactor, method for culturing photosynthetic microorganisms and application of photosynthetic microorganisms
CN113136340A (en) * 2020-01-19 2021-07-20 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Photobioreactor, method for culturing photosynthetic microorganisms and application of photosynthetic microorganisms

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113136342A (en) * 2020-01-19 2021-07-20 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Photobioreactor, method for culturing photosynthetic microorganisms and application of photosynthetic microorganisms
CN113136340A (en) * 2020-01-19 2021-07-20 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Photobioreactor, method for culturing photosynthetic microorganisms and application of photosynthetic microorganisms

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Application publication date: 20160608