CN105612969A - Chili high-yield cultivation method - Google Patents

Chili high-yield cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105612969A
CN105612969A CN201410592346.5A CN201410592346A CN105612969A CN 105612969 A CN105612969 A CN 105612969A CN 201410592346 A CN201410592346 A CN 201410592346A CN 105612969 A CN105612969 A CN 105612969A
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fertilizer
planting
fructus capsici
seedling
strain
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董金锋
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董金锋
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Abstract

The invention relates to a chili cultivation method, and especially relates to a chili high-yield cultivation method. The chili high-yield cultivation method provided by the invention comprises the processes of field planting, field management, harvesting and sun drying. The chili high-yield cultivation method provided by the invention is used for planting chilies, chili fruit setting number can be increased by 15.7-21.9%, and yield can be improved by 20.2-31.4%.

Description

A kind of red pepper high-yield cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultural method of a kind of Fructus Capsici, particularly to a kind of red pepper high-yield cultivation method.
Background technology
Fructus Capsici is solanaceous vegetables, and people are accustomed to Pepper is divided into " pungent green pepper " and " micro-Fructus Capsici " according to the weight of pungent again with or without pungent.
Fructus Capsici is vegetable and the flavoring agent of our people's eating, even becomes part and economizes the special hobby of (district) people, and progressively throughout urban and urual areas of whole country. Fructus Capsici is nutritious, and has higher medical value. According to surveying and determination, proliferin A, the B contained in pepper fruit is higher than fruit vegetables such as Fructus Cucumidis sativi, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, Fructus Solani melongenaes. Particularly the content of L-sorbose is higher 4-7 times than with class of serving, and every 100 grams of fresh Fructus Capsicis, containing vitamin C 170-360 milligram, reach as high as 460 milligrams. Fructus Capsici is as flavoring agent, it is because in Fructus Capsici containing capsaicin, a small amount of edible, energy spleen benefiting and stimulating the appetite, appetite stimulator, helps digest, and the medicinal function such as also have dehumidifying of dispeling cold, easypro blood active, arthritis, chilblain, blue or green venom, bromhidrosis etc. also there are is certain curative effect, is therefore described as " health food ".
Autumn delay Fructus Capsici greenhouse cultivation be carry out in hot house summer sowing, the autumn plant, winter results, namely mid or late July shades nursery, mid or late August rice shoot is colonizated in big grid when having 8-10 sheet true leaf, progressively obturage with cooler temperature October booth, interior button shed, adding a cover straw screen or mat again on shed, during New Year's Day to the Spring Festival, Fructus Capsici concentrates listing.
Under prior art, the implantation methods of Fructus Capsici generally comprises following steps:
1, Fruit variety
(1) condition that kind should have
1. resistance and disease resistance are strong: the autumn is delayed the pepper seedling raising phase and is in hot and humid summer, are easier to epidemic disease, virosis, shot hole and the improper fallen leaves caused of rich water quality management, therefore it is required that kind has stronger disease-resistant and resistance to condition of disease power.
2. yielding ability is good: the Fructus Capsici of delayed culture in autumn is gone up on the occasion of the market price, therefore need not consider that spring cultivation needs to focus on the prematureness of kind, should select the kind that large fruit yielding ability is good, and large fruit kind commodity is good, and the red ripe speed of fruit is slow.
8. heat-resisting, winter resistance is strong: because of Fructus Capsici delayed culture in autumn be by summer sowing, the autumn plants, winter results, therefore kind heat-resisting, that winter resistance is strong should be selected.
4. plant type is compact, and fruit bearing rate is high, concentration of bearing fruit; Because Fructus Capsici delayed culture in autumn is to add a cover again Small plastic shed in hot house, and generally take once to concentrate results (before the Spring Festival), therefore it is required that kind must to possess plant type short and compact, internode is short and fruit bearing rate is high, and the characteristic such as concentration of bearing fruit, fruit pork thick, fruit neat, storage tolerance.
(2) principal item
Kaifeng green pepper No. one, plant height 52cm, degree of development 55cm, internode is short, plant type is compact, mid-early maturity, and begin flower joint position 9-11 joint, and leaf thickness is dark green. Fruit is thick cattle horn shape, and long 14��16cm, thick 5.5cm, single fruit weight 80-100g, fruit is dark green, bright, pungent is moderate, and fruit marketability is good. Bearing fruit concentration, prometaphase yield is high. This variety resistance is strong, especially that virosis resistance is more prominent.
Hunan grinds ten No. three: plant height 52. 5cm, degree of development 64cm, in ripe, produce, fruit-setting rate high, the big fruit of fruit is straight, and fruit surface smooth, commodity is good, peppery. More anti-epidemic disease, anthrax and virosis aborning.
Additionally also has Soviet Union's kind such as green pepper No. 5, Lip river green pepper No. 4.
2, nurturing staff
(1) seedling raise period
It is stricter that autumn delays Fructus Capsici rhythm seedling raise period requirement. Too early, continuous high temperature rainy time in seedling stage is long, and seedling growth is weak, it is easy to excessive growth, and virosis easily occurs in sowing; Beating and planted late, although virosis occurs relatively light, but latter temperature is low, and plant upper strata fruit period of duration and accumulated temperature are inadequate, affect yield and quality. General Fructus Capsici about needs about 120 days from being seeded into results, and by occurring that early frost calculates by the end of October, Suitable Sowing Period is mid or late July.
(2) seedbed selects
Pepper seedling raising seedbed must be chosen to be at and not plant solanaceous vegetables, melon; The plot of the vegetable crops such as Rhizoma Solani tuber osi. Must being seedbed that physical features is high and dry, ventilating drainage be good, and periphery is without weeds, the plot that the soil organism is abundant.
(3) nursery bed disinfection
Seedling cultivation bed 10--20 Tentium stubble in advance of trying one's best, dig after sunning the earth which has been ploughed up, use sufficient the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed, then 1m2 seedbed 10g thiram adds 10g pentachloronitrobenzene or 10g40% carbendazim adds 10g zinc sulfate, mixes the thin moisture soil of 10kg, uniformly spills in surface, seedbed, shallow stroke is taken off back and forth with nail, last 1m2 seedbed Furadan 10g mixes fine earth or phoxim 5g is watered and is uniformly sprinkled upon surface, seedbed, takes off with nail that to turn over 10--14cm deep, it is possible to effectively kill seedbed pathogenic bacteria and preventing and treating subterranean pest-insect harm seedling.
(4) preparation Nutrition Soil
In order to make pepper seedling be grown in fertile, loose, an aseptic environment, when nursery, general requirement prepares a certain amount of Nutrition Soil as far as possible; The clay fertilizer ratio of Nutrition Soil can be prepared by 5: 5 or 6: 4, i.e. 5 parts or 6 parts of garden moulds, 5 parts or 4 parts of fertilizers fully become thoroughly decomposed, and selects the soil generally not using vegetable field of the same race during garden mould, and to plant beans, the soil of allium vegetables is as well. For preventing from infecting disease, after nutritive soil preparation, also answer disinfection. Conventional method is: sterilizing with after 70% pentachloronitrobenzene powder and 50% thiram or 65% Zineb wettable powder mixed in equal amounts, the Nutrition Soil of general 1m3 mixes confection 0.12-0.15kg. This Nutrition Soil 2/3 makes pad seed soil, and 1/3 as lid seed soil, general pad seed 1-2cm, lid seed 0.5��1cm.
(5) seed treatment
Seed treatment is to promote seed development, improves planting percent and nurturing staff, prevention sprout term disease, controls the link that virosis generation is very important, and its program is first to bask seeds to carry out seed disinfection again.
1. bask seeds: bask seeds and can promote the after-ripening of seed, reduce seed moisture content, improve the ventilating permeable of seed coat. Strengthening the water absorbing capacity of seed, embryo has been subject to the irradiation of sunlight simultaneously, and vitality improves, and through the seed of Exposure to Sunlight, after planting can quickly absorb moisture, expand and germinate, and emerges fast, and emergence rate is high, has production-increasing function.
Bask seeds mode, select at 9 in fine day morning to be spread out on reed mat or dustpan to point in afternoon 3 by very thin for seed, the local dry in the sun ventilated 1 day.
2. seed soaking:
The first step: hot water treatment of seeds: be contained in gauze bag by the seed shone, is placed in the warm water of about 55 DEG C, is constantly stirred, and after 15 minutes when water temperature is down to 30 DEG C, soaks 6��8 hours, then cleans the cement being attached on seed coat.
Second step: medicinal liquid is soaked seed: the seed after lukewarm water being overflow kind, immerse the trisodium phosphate aqueous solution (or immersing the potassium permanganate solution of 0.5%) of 10%, must allowing medicinal liquid submergence seed, and often stir, after 15 minutes, taking-up clear water rinses several times.
(6) sowing
The first step: leveling earthing water vola water, before sowing, one be leveling seedbed, two be 2/3 Nutrition Soil be uniformly sprinkling upon 1��2cm on seedbed, three is water vola water.
Second step: after water falls, can mix the Fructus Capsici kind soaked in right amount and a little do after carefully, and uniform broadcasting is on seedbed.
3rd step: lid seed, covers 0.5��1cm above seed thick by remaining 1/3 Nutrition Soil.
4th step: water spray, sprays one layer of thin water with watering can, and making seedbed is moisture state.
5th step: overlay film water spray moisturizing profit, one is first use covering with ground sheeting moisturizing on seedbed, and two is that the coverings such as above lid straw mat again cover seedbed, and three is with water sprager, covering is drenched slightly, is conducive to moisturizing and once emerges.
(7) seedling management
Seeding stage: the optimum temperature of pepper seed germination is 25��30 DEG C, in management: one is by ventilation and heat; Two is cooling of shading: three is sprinkle with well water to water humidifying cooling. Hot Pepper Seedling break ground 70% time, should immediately the coverings such as the mulch film on seedbed, straw mat be taken off, but the sunshade net on seedling growth greenhouse coverings such as (or) straw mats: be still to retain in order to cooling of shading. Again with the neat J500 times of liquid spraying of the fenaminosulf of 75% or the sterilization such as the carbendazim of 25% or thiophanate methyl, then spray with clear water immediately, medicinal liquid is drenched into seedling root, can effectively prevent the generation of damping off and damping-off. Seeding stage generally needs 5-8 days.
Broken heart stage: about broken one week of needs heart stage, the management of this phase is it is crucial that transferred to suitable control by short, it is ensured that Hot Pepper Seedling robust growth. One is reduce humidity, if overly moist on bed, then seedling fibrous root is few, easily causes lodging or brings out disease, Ventilation Control can be taked to water, and spreads the measures such as dry fine earth and reduces humidity; Even can make surface, seedbed " showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally ", so can suppress hypocotylar elongation, can promote that again root system is pricked downwards deeply. Two is timely seedling thinning, weak Seedling, sick Seedling and weeds are removed in case seedling is crowded and hypocotyl elongation is too fast and form " high foot Seedling ".
Vegetative growth phase: this Seedling in Stage is substantially carried out nourishing and growing, especially rhizome increase rapidly, and the management of this phase is " to urge; Short control combines ". One is water management, ensure that bed soil surface is semi-moist state, this just requires on bed soil surface but without must water clear water when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally at once, it is typically in normal fine day, watered a water every 2 days, have dry in keeping bed soil surface wet, alternation of wetting and drying, see and dry see wet, prevention damping off, damping-off, epidemic disease can be played good effect. Two is suitably topdress, if bed soil nutrient is inadequate, Hot Pepper Seedling growth is thin and delicate, can use the potassium dihydrogen phosphate foliage application of the carbamide of 0.3% or 0.1%.
It addition, in order to prevent long-term covered with sunshade net (or straw mat), cause Fructus Capsici excessive growth, cloudy day to leave sunshade net (or straw mat), and before fine day 8 a.m. and after at 5 in afternoon, temperature is relatively low, illumination is more weak, and straw mat also should be removed, and makes Fructus Capsici in canopy have the illumination of abundance.
(8) Seedling is divided
1. dividing the effect of Seedling: in order to prevent seedling crowded, expand strain spacing, have additional nutrients area, meets the illumination needed for Hot Pepper Seedling growth promoter and nutritional condition, reduces the generation of pest and disease damage. The growth of Fructus Capsici shoot root is especially had significant impact by point Seedling, produces being completely cured in various degree on the one hand, make root water uptake ability reduce, it is suppressed that seedling normal growth after point Seedling; On the other hand because point Seedling cuts off main root, promote that side root occurs, and make the distribution of root system in the shallow soil layer centered by main root.
2. seedling separating method: the autumn is delayed Fructus Capsici and is usually 12 days from the calendar seedling age being seeded into point Seedling, physiology seedling age 3-4 sheet true leaf. Seedling is divided to water " lifting water " the previous day, and with 1000 times of viral A or potassium permanganate medicine liquid spray, to prevent virosis bacterium with Seedling carry over score seedbed. Divide a point Seedling of directly can digging pit during Seedling by 8 �� 8cm, it is possible to adopting bar ditch to divide Seedling method, namely first hold ditch successfully by line-spacing 10��12cm hoe, water little water, hole pressing is put down from 7--9can and put green pepper Seedling, and water has not oozed, and Seedling has been planted together, then with hoe earthing envelope ditch.
8. dividing seedbed management: if had ready conditions, a point Seedling preferably also carries out in booth, 3��5 days after point Seedling, in fine day morning 10 up to afternoon 4 time, straw mat should be added a cover on booth, generally through about 4 days, young leaves is good at, and slow Seedling terminates. When high 32 DEG C of temperature, fine day is upwards received seedbed canopy film daytime, and in order to heat radiation dehumidifying, overcast and rainy canopy film puts down rainproof in advance. At normal fair weather, inquiring for and wet seeing dry watering, being strictly on guard against Hot Pepper Seedling excessive growth, each irrigation amount is unsuitable too much, in case bed soil humidity is excessive and cause that disease occurs, overcast and rainy control is watered, and as there is fertilizer deficiency symptom, can spray 2��3 nutrition fertilizers.
3, site preparation and fertilization
After preceding crop results, will removing residual branch dead leaf and weeds in time, mu executes more than decomposed manure 4 side, carbamide 20-25kg, calcium superphosphate 50kg. Potash fertilizer 25��30kg, Borax 1kg, or with cicken feces dried 1 side, cake fertilizer 100kg, compound fertilizer 50kg. Then plough 25��30cm after spreading fertilizer over the fields, wholely furrow, every canopy two furrow, 60cm operation ditch is stayed in centre.
4, the vexed canopy of high temperature
The vexed canopy of high humidity is possible not only to kill major part pathogenic bacteria, heat dead major part subterranean pest-insect, but also overwhelming majority weed seed of can suffocating, accelerate becoming thoroughly decomposed of fertilizer, therefore, behind whole good ground, want timely built button grid, select 6--7 the vexed tight booth of continuous sunny, make temperature of shed rise to 60-70 DEG C, good sterilizing effect can be played.
5, in good time field planting
(1) preparation before transplanting: survival after transplant is typically in around the Limit of Heat to complete, selects 8��10 true leaves, well developed root system, and anosis Fructus Capsici is transplanted. Preparation: one is first watered once in seedbed permeable the previous day in transplanting. Be conducive to lifting and prevent from hindering root; Two is that the viral A with 1000 times, virus K or potassium permanganate solution spray one time, and pathogenic bacteria can be avoided to bring land for growing field crops into Seedling.
(2) survival after transplant: every furrow six row during field planting, line-spacing 33cm, cave from 25-28cm, every cave one strain, every mu of 4700---5200 strain. If survival after transplant later (after mid-September), should by line-spacing 33cm, cave from about 30cm, the double; two strain in every cave, every mu of 8000--9000 strain.
6, the management after field planting
(1) watering: Pepper Leaves is little, moisture transpiration amount is also little in good time. Water during field planting not too big, after spending 3--5 days, water a seedling recovering water, continuous shallow intertillage twice, can restrain the growth of seedlings, after having watered " field planting water " and " seedling recovering water ", scratch in early stage canopy water inquire for dry see wet, rewater after turning white in earth's surface and be beneficial under root system to prick strong, it is prevented that excessive growth. Door green pepper is sure not to water during yielding positive results; When " door green pepper " expands, a flood need to be watered in conjunction with topdressing. Later stage waters and to determine according to weather and ground humidity, it is prevented that spreading of epidemic disease. When needing to water, the morning of fine day should be selected, after watering, note ventilation dewetting.
(2) science is topdressed: mid-term, strong seedling attacked fruit to fertilize, and later stage liquid dung chemical fertilizer combines, and protects seedling rejuvenation. On the basis of heavy dressing base manure, early stage generally need not be topdressed, and only with foliage-spray, if base fertilizer is not enough, then should add in right amount. After yielding positive results, door green pepper, green pepper is formed, should in time to fertilize. First time topdresses and should carry out (after cultivation, 20-30 is big) between 3-4 week after field planting, and at this moment Fructus Capsici stem bottom Quan Zijian is many, and each branch has 4��5 leaf layers, and fruit development will be accelerated, and execute carbamide 10kg, diammonium 5kg, potassium sulfate 5kg in conjunction with the mu that waters; It is 5-6 week (door green pepper gather after, when green pepper is shaped) after field planting that second time is topdressed, and mu chases after carbamide 10kg, diammonium 5kg, potassium sulfate 10kg; It is before adding a cover Small plastic shed that third time chases after gallbladder, and mu chases after carbamide 5kg, diammonium 5-10kg, potassium sulfate 5��10kg,
(3) changing control and training: when Fructus Capsici 3--4 leaf or during initial bloom stage over growth excessive growth, make to nourish and grow and reproductive growth is uneven, postponement is become civilized; Bear fruit; And delicate during branch, the various disease of susceptible, can use carrying out of the plant growth regulator controls such as paclobutrazol, chlorocholine chloride or mepiquat chloride. Delay the fruit-setting rate of shed for pepper for improving the autumn, available auxin (2.4-D or drop-proof agent) processes, and flower and fruit protecting effect is better, and 2.4-D concentration is 15��20ppm, smears colored effectiveness comparison good before during the morning 10. Pepper cultivation is without built, but in peak of growing season, the following axil Nei Yifa wooden fork of door green pepper, in order to save nutrient, must remove bottom side shoot in time.
(4) temperature and humidity regulation: Fructus Capsici optimum temperature in the best fruiting period is 15-26 DEG C. After the beginning of autumn, temperature Change is relatively big, will carry out cold-proof heat insulation work. When the very night, temperature was more than 15 DEG C, it is possible to leak informaton round the clock; When in night canopy, temperature is down to below 15 DEG C, night should tight to width film and canopy door closure, can only by day temperature height time, leak informaton, make canopy temperature be maintained between 20--25 DEG C. When night, the lowest temperature was down to about 5 DEG C, button Small plastic shed should be added immediately, carry out cold-proof heat insulation, if having little time to add button Small plastic shed, available plastic sheeting covers one layer again in order to avoid freezing on Fructus Capsici, but also should carry out short-term under the wind at fine day noon and leak informaton, mix except harmful gas in canopy, supplemental oxygen and carbon dioxide, reduce canopy humidity, reduces disease and occurs.
(5) gather short red: after the autumn delays Fructus Capsici field planting, listing of generally can gathering through 50-60 days. If prevailing price is reasonable, it is possible to by door green pepper and green pepper is removed sale, because it is no longer grown up, after removing, the burden of plant can be alleviated, be conducive to the fruit expansive growth of a more than green pepper. Early November, along with mercury dropped, on Small plastic shed, to add a cover straw mat in time, to improve temperature of shed, promote Fructus Capsici elder to redden. General button shed can improve 5 DEG C, and on shed, lid straw mat can improve temperature 3--5 DEG C again again, makes the Fructus Capsici grown up to stay on plant fresh-keeping, takes off the straw mat of lid Small plastic shed every day, so as to see that light heats, so can extend to New Year's Day, the Spring Festival gathers listing.
(6) preservation and freshness: Fructus Capsici storage is to realize supply in the Spring Festival, joint contradiction in dull season of withering, is also the effective measures improving vegetable grower's economic benefit; Storage Fructus Capsici mainly based in, late variety, the fruit of standby storage requires that meat is thick, color depth is glossy and without scab, damage by worms, breach etc., first the straw mat on shed in booth is taken off before storage, make Fructus Capsici pre-cooling 2-3 days, then will wipe out without Fruit branch and tender head, spray one time with thiophanate methyl, 800 times of aqueous solutions of carbendazim, must by saturating to seedling and fruit spray; Fructus Capsici generally based on even seedling storage, is connected fruit and pulls out simultaneously by storage practice, selecting a vacant lot, direct motion is discharged, and often row's a line slightly wet soil press against Fructus Capsici root, after drained, spraying a carbendazim again, finally in the added canopy insulation of Fructus Capsici seedling, in grid, temperature generally can reach 3��7 DEG C, checked once every ten days, during higher than more than 10 DEG C, carry out short-term and leak informaton, during lower than 3 DEG C, add a cover straw mat.
Above cultural method, although it improves certain yield, but increase rate is less.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve problem of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of red pepper high-yield cultivation method, it not only ensures the quality of Fructus Capsici, and can increase substantially its yield.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of red pepper high-yield cultivation method, its method includes the method for field planting, field management and results dry in the sun:
Wherein, the method for field planting specifically includes following:
A, open country field planting are as the criterion more than 10 degrees Celsius so that ground 10cm ground temperature is stable;
It is watered 3��5 jin with the bacillusmusilaginosiengineering liquid bacterial agent 30 milliliters of 200,000,000/strain when B, field planting and dips in root;
Before C, ridging, every mu use organic matter >=45% containing nucleotide fertilizer 100-150kg, execute formula fertilizer 25kg for every mu; Micro-ridge cultivation row spacing is 60cm, spacing in the rows 20cm, more than individual plant cultivation per hectare field planting 80,000 strain;
D, topdress: when Fructus Capsici sits 2 fruits, every mu imposes full nutrition fertilizer 17-9-34+TE formula 2��3kg;
The method of field management specifically includes following:
E, topdress: when average every strain Fructus Capsici sit 4-5 really time, start to topdress, every mu imposes full nutrition fertilizer 17-9-34+TE formula 5��10kg;
F, prevention waterlogging;
G, adjustment plant, balanced nutrients, anti-disease pest:
Every mu of use full nutrition fertilizer 17-17-16+TE formula 35g, the bacillusmusilaginosiengineering liquid bacterial agent 30 milliliters of 200,000,000/strain, instant boric fertilizer 30g and sugar alcohol calcium 40g, in conjunction with pest and disease damage a situation arises select suit the medicine to the illness medicament, being watered 15��30kg, sprays in full field, whole season 3��4 times.
The method of results and dry in the sun specifically includes:
H, harvest time were advisable with before first frost 3-5 days;
I, whole strain is pulled out, shine 2-3 days in the ground; Through repeatedly fall solarization reach 7-8 become dry time, by pepper root inwardly, head is stacking outwardly, piles up neatly the highest 1.5 meters, and length is not limit;
J, making Fructus Capsici dry in the shade under draughty condition, note rain simultaneously, rainy to cover, after rain stops, remove covering, 5-6 days collapses of setting are once.
Formula fertilizer in step C is 16-8-18 chloro type Special Fertilizers for Various Crops. Technical scheme provided by the invention has the benefit that
Plant Fructus Capsici by a kind of red pepper high-yield cultivation method of the present invention, Fructus Capsici can be improved and bear fruit number 15.7%��21.9%, improve yield 20.2%��31.4%.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly, below embodiment of the present invention is described further in detail.
Embodiment:
One, January-March early and middle ten days:
Prepare breeding, nursery.
Two, the first tenday period of a month in May
Field planting:
1, open country field planting is as the criterion more than 10 degree so that 10cm ground temperature is stable.
2, it is watered 3��5 jin with the bacillusmusilaginosiengineering liquid bacterial agent 30 milliliters of 200,000,000/strain during field planting and dips in root, improve rhizosphere flora environment, quickly slow Seedling, strong sprout.
3, before ridging, use containing nucleotide fertilizer (organic matter >=45%) 100-150 kilogram, execute formula fertilizer (16-8-18) 25 kilograms for every mu for every mu. Micro-ridge cultivation row spacing is 60cm, spacing in the rows 20cm, more than individual plant cultivation per hectare field planting 80,000 strain.
4, topdress: when Fructus Capsici sits 2 fruits, every mu imposes full nutrition fertilizer 17-9-34+TE formula 2��3kg, strive for that Fructus Capsici early seals ridge.
Three, mid-May to early October
Field management:
1, topdress: when average every strain Fructus Capsici sits 4-5 fruit, starting to topdress, every mu imposes full nutrition fertilizer 17-9-34+TE formula 5��10kg, balanced nutrients, heavy nitrogen application, potash fertilizer, quickly absorbs, improves yield.
2, prevention waterlogging: prevention damage or crop failure caused by waterlogging is the important step that Fructus Capsici produces, meets flood and wants timely draining.
3, plant, balanced nutrients, anti-disease pest are regulated:
Every mu of use full nutrition fertilizer 17-17-16+TE formula 35g, the bacillusmusilaginosiengineering liquid bacterial agent 30 milliliters of 200,000,000/strain, instant boric fertilizer 30g and sugar alcohol calcium 40g, in conjunction with pest and disease damage a situation arises select suit the medicine to the illness medicament, being watered 15��30 kilograms, sprays in full field, whole season 3��4 times. Can effectively regulate plant nutrition balance, improve the endogenous environment of plant, improve immunity, increase and bear fruit and improve yield.
Four, results and dry in the sun:
Harvest time was advisable with before first frost 3-5 days. Harvesting method: can whole strain be pulled out, shines 2-3 days in the ground. Through repeatedly fall solarization reach 7-8 become dry time, by pepper root inwardly, head is stacking outwardly, piles up neatly the highest 1.5 meters, and length is not limit. Make Fructus Capsici dry in the shade under draughty condition, note rain simultaneously, rainy to cover, after rain stops, remove covering, 5-6 days collapses of setting once, in case rotten. Noting with plucking with selling, forbidding Fructus Capsici not dry or without extracing, forming flower skin in case going rotten.
Cultivate in this way, Fructus Capsici can be improved and bear fruit number 15.7%��21.9%, improve yield 20.2%��31.4%.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any amendment of making, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a red pepper high-yield cultivation method, its method includes the method for field planting, field management and results dry in the sun:
Wherein, the method for field planting specifically includes following:
A, open country field planting are as the criterion more than 10 degrees Celsius so that ground 10cm ground temperature is stable;
It is watered 3��5 jin with the bacillusmusilaginosiengineering liquid bacterial agent 30 milliliters of 200,000,000/strain when B, field planting and dips in root;
Before C, ridging, every mu use organic matter >=45% containing nucleotide fertilizer 100-150kg, execute formula fertilizer 25kg for every mu; Micro-ridge cultivation row spacing is 60cm, spacing in the rows 20cm, more than individual plant cultivation per hectare field planting 80,000 strain;
D, topdress: when Fructus Capsici sits 2 fruits, every mu imposes full nutrition fertilizer 17-9-34+TE formula 2��3kg;
The method of field management specifically includes following:
E, topdress: when average every strain Fructus Capsici sit 4-5 really time, start to topdress, every mu imposes full nutrition fertilizer 17-9-34+TE formula 5��10kg;
F, prevention waterlogging;
G, adjustment plant, balanced nutrients, anti-disease pest:
Every mu of use full nutrition fertilizer 17-17-16+TE formula 35g, the bacillusmusilaginosiengineering liquid bacterial agent 30 milliliters of 200,000,000/strain, instant boric fertilizer 30g and sugar alcohol calcium 40g, in conjunction with pest and disease damage a situation arises select suit the medicine to the illness medicament, being watered 15��30kg, sprays in full field, whole season 3��4 times.
The method of results and dry in the sun specifically includes:
H, harvest time were advisable with before first frost 3-5 days;
I, whole strain is pulled out, shine 2-3 days in the ground; Through repeatedly fall solarization reach 7-8 become dry time, by pepper root inwardly, head is stacking outwardly, piles up neatly the highest 1.5 meters, and length is not limit;
J, making Fructus Capsici dry in the shade under draughty condition, note rain simultaneously, rainy to cover, after rain stops, remove covering, 5-6 days collapses of setting are once.
2. a kind of red pepper high-yield cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the described formula fertilizer in step C is 16-8-18 chloro type Special Fertilizers for Various Crops.
CN201410592346.5A 2014-10-20 2014-10-20 Chili high-yield cultivation method Pending CN105612969A (en)

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CN107821037A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-03-23 安徽双圆农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for improving capsicum fruit-setting rate
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Application publication date: 20160601